EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3241
To TheEdwit. ~ ll
Then Opinions e tFree
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
AY, SEPTEMBER 23,1959
NIGHT EDITOR: JUDITH DONER
The Development Council
Looks at Public Relations
rIS WEEKEND, the sixth annual Develop-
ment Council conference will be held, ap-
propriately enough, in the Michigan Union.
This is a relatively unpublicized group, as
groups go, but it has enormous potentialities.
The Development Council was started several
years ago to stimulate alumni interest in the
University, assist in public relations, and en-
courage financial support through gifts from
alumni and others; worthwhile tasks to be sute.
IN THE LIGHT of the present financial crisis,
the problems caused by the past expansion,
future plans for still more expansion, no one
can deny that alumni interest and help will be
vital for the maintenance of the high stand-
ards we presently enjoy..
Unfortunately, the scene is far from ideal.
Alumni activities have become too closely asso-
ciated with football scores and athletic recruit-
ment, class reunions and fraternity home-
In 1946 Student Legislature began a War Me-
morial project which eventually became the
Phoenix-Memorial program. The fund-raising
organization for this project eventually became
the Development Council. But the Development
Council has long since forgotten its begin-
nings, and now hears reports on the student
scene with ill-concealed distaste.
HERE ARE two student members of the De-
velopment Council, now appointed by the
Regents at the recommendation of SGC. SGC
has recently set up the Student Relations Com-
mittee, composed of students who are pre-
sumably interested in Development Counciling
the student body. For clearly the students here
should get some idea of the roles they may play
as alumni, and why.
But the Student Relations Committee has
not found the road an easy one. All too often
the group has tended to expect that other
campus organizations will do its work, and its
level of imagination has not been high. The
Development Council, and those associated with
it in administrative positions have tended to
look upon student representatives as public-
relations men, who will tell them soothing,
stories, designed to minimize problems, and
emphasize progress (if any).
As a result of this attitude, and the irrespon-
sibility of some so-called student leaders, the
Student Relations Committee has deteriorated
into a collection of vaguely well-meaning souls
who limit themselves to occasional pious state-
ments about the "responsibilities of students
undergoing transition from carefree under-
graduates to worthwhile alumni." It is a long
and unsightly trail from this attitude back to
the 1946 Student Legislature.
IWMH THE ARRIVAL on the scene of /the
age of technology, where a college degree
is the key to the door of progress, many stu-
dents have come to think of their college as an
"obstacle course," with the best jobs reserved
for those who make the best showing.
It seems unnecessary to observe that people
do not usually send back gifts to their old
obstacle course, nor do they think kindly of it.
The answer to this problem is not bigger and
better football teams, nor will newer and more
elegant public relations programs help. So long
as this obstacle course orientation persists,
the present student attitude will persist.,
Student Government Council has, in the
past, made several attempts to modify this
orientation, but with little success. The type of
orientation best exemplified by the Michigan
Union--"Let's keep things like they were"-
THIS WRITER attempted to present the
views -expressed above to the 1959 spring
meeting of the Development Council, only to
find a letter of apology from the Alumni Office
was later sent to members of the Council to
attempt to lull them back to sleep.
But if the "obstacle course" philosophy be-
comes a new ,Michigan tradition, future De-
velopment Councils may find themselves up
against a new obstacle: unalterable alumni in-
The answers to this problem are not obvious.
University orientation is slowly evolving, but
the changes are slow to come. The grand pro-
posal of a reconstructed Freshmen Orientation,
discussed by SGC last April, when Spring Rush-
ing was retained, has yet to be started. Alumni
are still urged, by letter, to "come meet the
football team." Student representatives to the
Development Council are still selected by a
modification of the spoils system. Members of
the Student' Relations Committee are recruited
more or less at random. And the administration
seems more concerned with public relations
than with progress.
IF MEMBERS of the present Student Rela-
tions Committee are seriously concerned with
this "transition from students to alumni" that
they talk about at such great length, perhaps
it is now time to forego their public-relations
role and begin attempting to work towards an
eventual modification of the present student
orientation system. More important, some pro-
ject might be found which could capture the
imaginations of students and alumni, as did the
Herblock is away. due to illness ecs s " mf umishx co..
'THE COOL WORLD'
WeDying Allthe ,ime
To The Editor:
W HEN I first entered Michigan
State University, in 1955, there
was a prevalent +feeling that the
school was only second-rate. Jokes
were constantly made about rais-
ing educated apes for the football
team. The professors were as sar-
castic about the paternalistic atti-
tude of the administration as were
Somewhere in the course of
time an undefined spirit entered
M.S.U. The sarcasm became in-
dignation and the whispered jeers
turned into action-oriented move-
Then only last year, when I was
a senior, Michigan State suddenly
became filled with an atmosphere
of expectation. Practices which
had been accepted since M.A.C.
days became issues of controversy.
A Young Socialists' Club received
acceptance from Student Govern-
ment above raised conservative
eyebrows; a movement to abolish
compulsory R.O.T.C. led to debates
and petitions by both sides; a
faculty Committee for the Future
of the University was organized,
and some of its recommendations
did not sound as if a cow-college"
could have produced them.
** * .
RECENTLY there appeared, in
The Michigan Daily, an article
about Michigan State's new branch
at Oakland, planned by' "a group
of 30 educators and business lead-
ers, operating behind closed doors
and retaining individual anonym-
ity;" and if a State alumnus may
say so, the praise sounded quite
un-U. of M.-lke. I would predict,
at this point, that the article on
September 18 may mark a change
of attitude toward our ;'sister-in-
I think that State has left her
childhood days and is entering
adolescence. Certainly there is
much to be done, for adolescence
has always been a clumsy time of
life, but let us be assured that
Michigan State University is not
lacking in "anonymous" commit-
tees meeting secretly, theanonym-
ity of whose members is mainly
Hank Goldbaum, Grad.
Un fair .
To the Editor:
HIS L=I'TER concerns the re-
cent establishment of the Stu-
dent Bicycle Exchange, which is
located in the Student Activities
Building on the University cam-
pus. As we understand the situa-
tion, the Exchange was set up to
enable the students to purchase
and sell their bicycles at a better
price, for them, than the Ann Ar-
bor bikeshops can offer. We would
like to explain the reasons for our
First of all, we have established
our business in Ann Arbor and are
therefore subject to such taxes as
income, personal property, and
county. Also we have such over-
head as rent, heat, light, and ad-
vertising. We have built up a good
reputation in this area and there-
fore have to stand behind ' all of
our merchandise and service. We
al s o provide employment for
people in the community, as wel
as college students.
The Student Bicycle Exchange
has none of the above expenses,
with the possible exception of
IF YOU have opinions on any
form of entertainment, and
want to express them, The Daily
would like to meet you. We are
seeking qualified reviewers for
drama, music, art or motion
A meeting for potential re-
viewers will be held at 8 p.m.
Monday, Sept. 28. All those
interested are urged to attend.
some paid personnel. We feel that
this places -an unfair advantage
to the bicycle competition in this
city. It is also of interest to note
that our taxes are paying part of
the overhead for our competitors.
IF THIS Bicycle Exchange is su-
cessful, we will lose a certain
amount of business. This of course
will be in the area of bicycle sales
and will have to be made up.
Therefore we will be forced, bY
the students, to raise our prices.
Thus, those students who save
money when they purchas a bike
will spend that money on the in-
creased cost of repairs.
In conclusion, the city of Ann
Arbor is different from other cities
because of the presence of the
University. But does this mean
that the students should dictate
thebusiness policies of the city?
It is impossible to call to mind
any other city in the United
States where a bike shop is set up
in the city hall or in any other
Student Bicycle Shop
Error ... .
To the Editor:
HAVE received numerous ques-
tions about my article "Lady
Chatterly and Censorship" which
appeared in the nIagazine section
of the free Daily Freshman Sup-
The problem is this: the first
three lines of column four should
appear lower in the same column,
directly above the picture. The
transposition was evidently a
The Daily Official Bulletin is ~
official publication of The Univ r-
sity of Michigan for which he
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Rood 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1959
VOL. LXX, NO 2
School of Business Administration.
Faculty meeting on Wed., Sept. 23, at
3:30 pm., B. A. 164.
Ushers are needed for the Choral
Union and Extra Series Concerts and
for the Lecture Series Lectures in hill
Auditorium for the coming° season.
Persons interested in ushering may file
an application at the Box Office in Hi l
Auditorium from 5 p.m. to8 p.m.any_
day this week and from 10 a.m. to noon
on Sat., Sept. 26.
Students, staff "members and faculty
members are all eligible to sign up for
If you have any questions please call
Mr. Warner at NO 8-857.
..Prospective Debaters for the Univer-
sity of Michigan are- invited to a meet-
ing sponsored by the Dept. of Speech.
The meeting will be in Rm. 2040 Frieze
Bldg. at 7:30 p.m. on Thurs., Sept. 24.
Participation in debate is open to ali
The University Choirs, School of Mu-
sic, Ensemble No. 49, may be elected
for one hour credit by students in
many schools of the University.
Bach Choir, M. T. Th. Fri., 3:00 pm,
And. D,' Angell Hall (One hour credit).'
University Choir, Wed., 7:00 p m., Ad.
A, Angell Hall (No credit).
Tenors and basses are greatly needed.
Student Government Council agenda,
Sept. 23. 1959, Council Ri., 1:30 p3.m.,
Minutes previous, meeting.
officer reports: President - letters,
prospectus; Exec. Vice-President - In-
terimraction approved since last meet-
ing, Appointments; Admin. Vice-Presi-
dent - Petitioning; Treasurer - Fi-
nancial report; Student Activities
Scholarship Report, Delhi Project, fi-
nancial report. ,11
Committee reports: Student Activi-
ties Committee; Nov. 21 Men's Glee
Club Concert, Michigan-Ohio State:
Discussion project (calendaring).
Old Business -- Reading and Dii-
(Continued on Page 5)
AN IMPORTANT novel dealing
with juvenile delinquency was
published in America this year-
Warren Miller's "The Cool World."
The book is quite remarkable as
a work of fiction but will probably
go unnoticed since it is not sensa-
tional enough, in the profitable
sense, to merit the publicity that
would be given a "Peyton Place"
or a "Lady Chatterly's Lover."
* * *
"THE COOL WORLD" (Little,
Brown & Co., 241 pp., $4) is War-
ren Miller's second novel, the first
being "The Way We Live Now," a
mild legend of "nouveau riche"
society with a Manhatan setting.
The new book is set in Harlem, the
principle protagonist being Duke
Custis who is fourteen years old
and a prominent figure in the
Royal Crocadiles, a teen-age gang
whose chief activity is "rumbling"
with the Wolves, a rival hoard.
Duke's ambition is to buy a gun
and become leader of the gang.
He states it nakedly: "Someday I
come walkin down the street they
all look at me with respect and
say. 'There goes a cold killer. Here
come Duke Custis. He a cold kill-
er.' Then everybody pay attention
-and listen when I talk-I be at
the top of the heap and when I
push they stay push ...
THE CROCADILES move into
an abandoned tenement fiat and
are joined by Lu Ann, a fifteen-
year-old girl, who becomes the
club prostitute. Blood, an older
boy who is leader of the gang,
announces, "She dont put out for
nobody but Crocadiles hear? . .
One dollar fifty. One dollar for Lu
Ann and 50 cents for the treasury.
50 cents is the club cut . . . We
have money soon to buy some
pieces." No, one knows where Lu
Ann comes from. She is obviously
a "pro" and a dedicated reefer
smoker. "I put the. smoke in her
mouth and say 'Lasts.' An she
takes a big pull on it. 'Put it out
careful.' She say. 'That my break-
fast you got'."
Through Duke's descriptions, we
are given pathetic insight into the
sparse upbringing of these young-
sters. ", . . We lay on the bed an
read the comic books.... She read
the one about the monster an askin
me to tell her whut is this word an
whut is that word. Some of them
I knew an some of them I dont
know. I read the Mighty Mouse.
But they was only one Mighty
Mouse an when I finish it I didnt
feel like readen anymore."
Eventually, Little Man, an im-
portant lieutenant in the gang, is
killed by the Wolves. Blood, the old
Crocadile leader, becomes a nar-
cotics addict and takes to plunder-
ing the club funds to support his
habit. A "showdown" results in
Blood being ousted and Duke tak-
ing over' the responsibilities of club
president. Little Man's death can-
not go unavenged. In his despera-
tion to raise money for arms, Duke
on the advice of a friend, goes to
Central Park. The experience dis-
gusts him. "He put his arm' aroun
me an I let him. He lead me off the
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
M.y on Disarmament
:r , , By WALTER - LIPPMIIN
path. 'Over here.' He say in my.
ear. 'Over here. I know a real
private place no one ever find us.'
* * *
THE SCHEMATIC layout of
"The Cool World" is a curious one.
We,eventually learn that Duke is
disclosing the story to a clinical
psychiatrist. In addition- to those
chapters in which the plot is de-
veloped, there are random sections
in which he speaks intimately of
himself, his childhood, his family,,
his deepest thoughts.
"I rather be dead like Little Man
than work my life out hauln gar-
bage cans or breathin steam in a
laundry in the Bronx like my
Mother. We dyin all the time but
when you get you hand in the pie
you live to be old like them white
hair women on Park Avenue they
walk with canes but they still alive.
Unless somebody cut you down
while he tryen to get his.
"Well Man that the chance you
take. You dont want to take the
chance why you live in the cellar.
Carry the garbage cans an fight
the rats till you dead." Such is
the raw wisdom that an unshut-
tered reality has thrust upon this
youth barely in his teens.
Warren Miller has written a bril-
liant novel. Its language is col-
loquial because the author thought
it the most effective way to write
of his characters. Duke's narrative
is warm and clear, occasionally ap-
proaching the rhapsodic, and not
WHAT IS most commendable
about "The Cool World" is that
it mirrors the life of these neg-
lected boys, growing like weeds, in
a way that points no finger at any-
one but teaches much. The book
is didactic in the same way that
all good literature is didactic by'
its very reflection of the world and
its people. It is sure to jolt a good
many would-be sociologists "-who
view the social scene from an ivory
. KHRUSHCHEV'S set speech at the U.N.
was hard to follow as he delivered it, and
it is not easy to read. But if I have understood
him rightly, he proposed not one but two pro-
grams of "disarmament."
One is for "general and complete disarma-
ment." This is to be carried out by mutual
agreement in three stages within a four-year
period and it is to end in the destruction of
all arms but small ones, the abolition of con-
scription and military training, the ending of
research for war purposes, the dismantling of
general 'staffs, and so forth. The second and
separate set of proposals contains a list of
"partial measures of disarmament."
It is reasonably clear that in the General
Assembly of the United Nations Mr. K. wishes
to have the debate turn on Plan One for gen-'
eral and complete disarmament. But at Camp
David and at the meetings which follow it he
appears to wish to negotiate about Plan Two
for partial disarmament.
BESIDES THIS, the address contains a clear,
though not very explicit, explanation of his
attitude towards our Western demands for in-
spection and control. The crux of t is that as
long as the great powers are in a race of arma-
rents, secrecy is a most valuable military asset
to the Soviet Union. It is a closed society and
it is able, therefore, to maintain a higher de-
gree of secrecy than is the United States which
is an open society. Therefore, under an effective
system of international inspection and con-
trol the Soviet Union would lose the advantage
which it now possesses.
From this analysis Mr. K.'s reasoning is that
nly if there were total disarmament would it
:e safe for him to agree to complete disclosure
>f all military information. Only if the powers
agreed that in four years they would liquidate
their military establishments could the Soviet
Union agree to an inspection which would verify
heir liquidation, and keep watch after that.
But if the race of armaments is to continue,
even at a reduced rate, the Soviet Union will
not agree to inspection which deprives it of
ment. Mr. K. is also aware of our insistence on
inspection and control for the purpose of know-
ing whether the agreed measures of disarma-
ment are being carried out on both sides of
the line. How does Mr. K. deal with this in
view of his basic conviction that international
inspection would be a Western intelligence
An examination of his five measures for
partial disarmament shows, I think, that they
have a common characteristic. With one ex-
ception dealing with "surprise attack" his pro-
posals do not depend in any difficult degree on
inspection. They would be comparatively easy
to inspect and control witho4t any penetration
of the Soviet Union itself. For they apply to
continental Europe outside the Soviet Union.
OF THE FIVE proposals the first two are the~
most substantial and the most immediately
interesting for a possible negotiation. The first
proposal calls for "the establishment of a con-
trol and inspection zone with the reduction of
foreign troops" in the territories of the corres-
ponding countries of Western Europe. This was
originally put forward as a Western idea, and
it is well within the boundssof what might pro-
fitably be negotiated. it does not call for "dis-
armament" or for "disengagement" but for
The second proposal is for a variant of the
Rapacki Plan which would prohibit nuclear
weapons in a zone which would include the two
Germanies, Poland and Czechoslovakia.
The third proposal is for the withdrawal of
"all foreign troops from the territories of Euro-
pean' states and liquidation of military bases
in foreign countries." This proposal is, of course,
TH9 FOURTH PROPOSAL is for a non-ag-
gression pact between N.A.T.O. and the
Warsaw Treaty states. It is hard to see any
serious objection to this, or for that matter any
great value in it.
The fifth proposal sounds as if it were an
afterthought inserted to catch the attention of
PLAYING IT COOL:
By ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
NIKITA Khrushchev has been in
this country only three days,
but already he looks like a born,
and highly practiced, American
Mr. Mr. K. misses none of the
touches so dearly beloved by our
own officeholders-the extra wave
and the big grin for the photog-
raphers, the appearanceo of being
affable and friendly at all times.
He is giving an excellent illus-
tration of the flair he has, of that
hard-to-define something we call
For as some baseball players
make each home run seem extra
special, so does Khrushchev make
the most of every opportunity.
* * *
HE CAME into New York under
the worst possible conditions.
Probably for security reasons, he
was greeted in the baggage room
of the Pennsylvania Station, dis-
mal and cheerless as a tomb.
The confusion was incredible--
photographers relentlessly strug-
gled for better position, radio and
television men trying to protect
their wires from the onrush, news-
men squeezing in everywhere.
speeches by Henry Cabot Lodge,
Ambassador to the United Nations,
and by the mayor.:
Then, like the seasoned old hand
that he is, he leaped into the
oratorical fray fresh as a daisy.
Possibly he didn't plan it that
way, but he even borrowed a trick
United States politicians have
been using since 1952: praise
President Eisenhower and hope to
ride on his coattails.
Khrushchev praised Eisenhower.
-* * *
HE PRAISED Wagner. He made
little jokes. Hes' such an effective
mimic, and gestures so eloquently,
that his stories sound better a in
Russian than in tepid translations.
Then, when everyone was lulled
into a jolly spirt, he came to the
point: don't waste your breath,'
Comrades, in trying to convert me
One surprising by-product of the
Premier's visit: usually "The Star
Spangled Banner" is sung by few,
if any, in the average audience.
Today almost everyone sang lust-
ily, even though some had trouble
remembering the words.
* *a *
AND THE SECURITY provisions
continue to amaze, and dumb-