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December 03, 1959 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-12-03

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Seventieth Year

seven arts

vhen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Preva"

- Editorials Printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



New Freshman English Plan:
Mandate for Michigan

DROPPING of freshman English, as urged
this week, would have significant and bene-
ficial effects on both the University and the
state's high schools.
The required English course is a betrayal of
academic quality, but has been considered
necessary since freshmen are not equipped to
write coherently upon entrance to college.
It is encouraging to see Prof. Warner Rice,
chairman of the English department, calling
the English requirement "educationally un-
sound," as he did in a speech last week. He
pointed out that freshman English is an unde-
sirable University compensation for skills which
should have been developed in high schools.
RICE'S CRUCIAL POINT is that'high schools
must be more responsible for preparing stu-
dents for the rigors ofy the University world.
The implications of his statement 'are en-
First, the University would be sharpening the
quality of its instruction simply by dropping
the course.
" VERY TIME I hear the words 'tax
crisis'I yawn"-State Senator John
Smeekens (R-Coldwater).
Enough said.

Second, Rice's remarks will undoubtedly serve
as a warning to high schools and the com-
munities supporting high schools throughout
the state. The University, Rice indicates, is fed
up with taking care of details that should have'
been mastered in high school. Thus, if com-
munities want their children to attend the Uni-
versity, it may require better preparation in the
secondary schools.
The eventual dropping of the course would
result in a great improvement in the quality of
high school education in the state.
CERTAINLY, there are problems to be over-
come. Financing of the teaching fellows in
English would have to be reconsidered. Train-
ing of secondary school teachers will have to be
stressed and improved-thus the level of high
school instruction could slowly be raised by in-
creasing quality of teachers and decreasing
numbers in the state's crowded classrooms.
This raises a still greater problem-convinc-
ing the public to s'upport its schools with more
Rice realizes all this, of course. His plan can-
not be effected overnight. Nevertheless, the
college curriculum committee is looking over
his suggestions, and it seems; that their ap-
proval will be coming sometime 'in the future.
Along with the literary college's recent move
to strengthen admissions requirements by de-
manding proficiency examinations in mathe-
matics, English and other basic subjects, Rice's
plan constitutes a powerfulmandate to the peo-
ple of Michigan.

GENERATION Magazine got off
the ground in the spring of
1949, during a period in the Uni-
versity's history known common-
ly as the "veteran's renaissance."
Many of the students were being
educated on the G. I. Bill. There
was a magnificent cultural fer-
ment taking place at the time.
The fictionists had their organ-
ized group, the poets had theirs;
the composers, the painters - all
the artists were affiliated in some
When these single units merged
to form the now defunct Inter-
Arts Union, it was jointly felt
that some kind of publication was
needed to showcase the aggregate
artistic talent.
Hence, the University inter-arts
magazine - a publication not to
be hoarded by the writers alone,
but to be shared by artists in all
fields - the plastic and musical
artists included.
* *
GENERATION started off with
a bang - enthusiasm everywhere
-then came close to burning it-
self out following the first three
years of publication. Literary and
otherwise evil cliques formed
around the magazine. I needn't
elaborate upon the nature of in-
cestuousness and how it has
spoiled many a good thing. Cir-
culation dropped off, faculty sup-
porters lost interest and many
"out-group" artists were .discour-
aged to contribute to "their"
In the waning fifties, Genera-
tion's managers looked at it with
great, sad eyes and/ decided that
something would have to be done
if the magazine was to survive
and be of any use to the campus.
Cliques were dissolved right and
left, and honest attempts were

made to put the magazine back
on its feet again. Great appeals
were made for material from all
parts of campus, format was al-
tered and the old method of se-
lecting stories, poems, drawings,
and what-have-you (which
amounted to the editor saying
"yes" or "no") was tossed out the
window. Material was to be con-
sidered by the staff-at-large, vot-
ed upon and either accepted or
rejected on this basis.
* - *
IT WAS NOT until last year
that the magazine struck some-
thing of a happy medium. That
is to say, circulation rose, people
began to know what the magazine
was, and contributions poured in
from all over. All this only ten
years later!
Financially, matters have tra-
ditionally been critical. Last
spring, the Board in Control of
Student Publications voted to
subsidize Generation, eliminating
the staff's necessity of soliciting
advertising to cover publishing
costs. It had always been a hassle,,
as they say, to convince .a mer,-
chant to buy advertising space.
"What good can an ad do me in.
an unknown thing like that?"
With the uproar about the
magazine, sparked off by Dr. John
V. Hagopian's controversial re-
view of the current "winter" is-
sue, the editors, Ann Doniger and
myself, decided it proper to list
some of the things that Genera-
tion is not.
* * *
FIRST OF ALL, it is not an
"artsy-craftsy" magazine cater-
ing to and dedicated to the propa-
gation of mildewed bohemianism.
It is not an esoteric organ for

adjective-struck English majors
and second-string abstract ex-
pressionist painters.
It represents no espresso joint,
no society for the admiration of
Henry James.
The editors would like to re-
ceive more contributions than
they presently receive. In the past,
writers and artists have avoided
Generation for many reasons.
"They wouldn't print my stuff.
They're too far out." "My art-
work just wouldn't do-- you can
actually see people and things in
it." "It's a clique. I wouldn't stand
a chance." And there have been
more than enough cracks about
Generation-type stories and Gen-
eration-type art.
This semester, the magazine
will embark upon an active pub-
licity campaign and a search for
FORMAT will be changed, be-
ginning with the next issue. More
of everything will be published
and contributions will be exam-
ined with more scrutiny than ever
New features will include a cor-
respondence section, increased
coverage of campus theatre and
concert activity. It is even ru-
mored that a Generation-spon-
sored writing competition is in the
Generation Is not without a
purpose on this huge University
campus. That purpose is the en-
couragement and presentation of
outstanding creative effort. Not
enough of this effort is reaching
the magazine's attention and not
enough of what is published
reaches the campus audience.
Surely 24,000 students can sup-
port one cultural outlet.

Questions Loyalty Provisions

have heard of Anto Reicha, few
WHEN ONE knows that such
lesser music was being written in
Beethoven's time, one is not so
discouraged by the outpourings of
trash of our day. And for the rest
of the program. with a notable ex-
ception. trash of our day was what
we heard,
Next came the exception, the
gem of the evening: Petite Off-
rande Musicale by Nino Rota.
Though much of the evening's
work was competently written and
some of it was cute, this, the
shortest on the program was worth
more musically than all the rest.
In an opening slow section the
legato sonorities of the ensemble
were displayed, ingeniously pro-
jected through the use of slight
dissonances. A contrasting faster
section brought animation and
gaiety to the fore in pleasant anti-
thesis. At the close the two sec-
tions were briefly recapitulated for
a beautifully balanced superbly
musical conclusion. A sheer delight
-most welcome; let's have more of
FROM ITS placement on the
program just before intermission
one might conclude that the next
work, a Piston Quartet (1956) was
to be the big push of the evening.
It failed. Not because the players
didn't push, but because there was
insufficient backing up by the
The work seemed like much of
Piston, and perhaps typical of our
times: excellently crafted, one is
tempted to say machined, but
without substance. And the work-
manship was indeed superb. A
suitable subtitle for the work
might be. Four studies in texture.
* * *
AFTER intermission we de-
scended to the depths, not of dark-
ness but of light, too light to be
of any substance. First came the
Racconto for string bass and three
winds by Jorgen Bentzon. This got
off to a really pleasant start with
an ambling pizzicato theme, in the
bass of course, with simple ac-
This turned out to be a rondo
theme, stringing together a bunch
of cadenzas. Unfortunately the
tale seemed to run out of gas after
about chapter three and never
caught its second wind.
It would have made good back-
ground music for a mystery story.
The rondo section, reminiscent of
a Vaughan Williams shuffle, was
atmospherically apposite for a
lonely stroll down a darkened.
THE CONCLUDING work, a sex-
tet by Leon Stein, is perhaps best
treated mathematically.rA simple
thematic conatinment relationship
subsisted between the several
movements, so that each succeed-
ing one added nothing to what
had gone before. If one realizes
that the firstmovement is in-
cluded in the preceding descrip-
tion, the vacuity of the whole
becomes apparent.,
-Philip Benkard

Uninspired Program
Smooth Performance
IFIND many unfavorable things to say about Tuesday's concert by
the University Woodwind Quintet et al. Yet rather had'I missed many
another concert that has recently come our way than that one. The
quintet and their assistants played virtually flawlessly but the program
contained little good music.
First was a quintet, the Opus 88, No. 2, of one Anton Reicha, who,
it is said (in Grove's), once played flute to Beethoven's viola in the
Bonn orchestra. Of Anton and Ludwig as players little is known, but
as composers they are miles apart. Once again historical judgment
of the so-called masses, lit'erate masses of course, is vindicated: few

;, .;.

Athletics and the Faculty

sented their 1959 production
of "Carousel." The show will
run through to Saturday, with
a matinee Saturday.
Due to the fact that tonight's
show started around 25 minutes
late, The Daily's publication
schedule made it impossible to
print a review today. The re-
view will appear in tomorrow's
'1 ody'
ALL THOSE who love big, semi-
historical extravaganzas should
be overjoyed to hear that "The
Warrior and The Slave Girl" has
burst forth on the local scene.
This film has everything that a
"Roman" (a western in toga)
should; endless battles, thousands
of legionnaires and rebels, volup-
tuous maidens, and every other
actor biting the dust with either
an arrow or a spear through him.
It is a sorry task to report that
one thing has been omitted from
this stupendous movie. Something
that up to now has been simply
indispensable from epics with
casts fo thousands. There are no
orgies with subtle torsoed dancing
DOUBTLESS, feeling that this
lack must be remedied, "War-
rior's" producers have loaded their
creation with social commentary,
Armenia in the second century
A.D. is this film's location. One of
the last few truly noble Romans,
Tribune Marcus Numidius (Et-
tore Manni), 'is sent with his le-
gion to put down a local revolt
led by Georges Marchal, an ex-
gladiator. Manni sets free the Ro-
man soldiers who had been cap-
tured by Marchal.
After burning the rebels' vil-
lage, he makes prisoners of all its
inhabitants, but later frees them
and the other' rebel soldiers when
hie sees the cruelty and error of
the Roman way.
* * *
HOWEVER Marchal has not
been set free because he has to
fight in the arena for the amuse-
ment and edification of the local
bigwigs, especially Ameida, prin-
cess of the kingdom who has sly-
ly been trying to get her nephew,
the king, an all expense paid trip
across the Styx.
All in all, this is an excellently
photographed film for those who
are seeking. a piece of filmy, un-
adulterated entertainment, but
not art.
-Patrick Chester

PE BIG TEN was founded in 1896 on the
basic premise that faculty jurisdiction is
ganic to the Conference.
Since that time the University athletic ad-
inistration and faculty representatives have
ccepted this fact and have always ti'ed to act
ccordingly. Whether this is, or has been the
3,se at all of the Big Ten universities is large-
unknown, although in the past there has
ever been any dissension or cleavage between
ie two groups as a whole.
In their lead story of Nov. 20, The Daily
orthwestern said that Big Ten athletic direc-
irs were prepared, as the result of a meeting
a three-man committee, comprised of Ohio
ate's Dean Wend le Postle, Purdue's 'Dean
erne Freeman, the Conference's senior facul-
r representatives and H. O. "Fritz" Crisler,
te University athletic director, to 'dominate
nference athletic power at the expense of
e faculties.
"RISLER and University faculty representa-
tive, Prof Marcus Plant of the law school,
futed this story and for all practical pur-
ses scuttled what appeared to be a pos-

sible major athletic policy shift amongst Big
Ten schools.
As Prof. Plant told The Daily, it would not
seem likely that Postle and-Freeman would get
toge'ther to reduce their own power. Similarly,
Crisler, as the only athletic director present at
the conference is pledged to faculty control.
Furthermore, Crisler stated that the purpose
of the meeting was to get a sharper definition
of faculty control rather than to reduce or
limit its jurisdiction.
The results of that meeting divulged by
Crisler actually reaffirmed and strengthened
faculty control rather .than diminished it as
reported in The Daily Northwestern.
IT IS ALSO important to note that in recent
years conflict between faculty and athletic
administration has occurred more frequently
at Northwestern than at any other conference
Thus the importance given to the story by
The Daily Northwestern appears to be an iso-
lated case of cleavage within the individual
school rather than a general problem among
Conference schools.

A willingness of Heart

EW DELHI-President Eisenhower is bound
to be a great success in India. The Indians
are hungry to be reassured that America at this
noment of crisis is their friend, and Eisenhower
will reassure them. There is a genuine eagerness
o welcome him.
Some in the welcoming crowd will see Eisen-
hower as the leader of a great democracy, some
is an anti-Communist, some as a free-market
-onservative, some as the source from which all
aid comes, while some will see him only as a
,enial man with a winning smile. Each will
;limpse and cheer the symbol of the America
he likes best.
There is a willingness of heart in the eage-,
less of Indians to welcome the American Presi-
rHE ROOT of the eagerness lies in the sense
of felt danger from Chinese imperialism. In
langer you need a friend, especially a strong
riend who can give you the umbrella of his
rotection. - .
I went to the first session of Parliament last
week along with everyone else to see how Prime
dinister Nehru would respond to the avalanche
f questions on China. He postponed the full-
cale debate on foreign policy until this week
vhen it can center on his new note replying to
,hou En-lai's proposal for an equal withdrawl
y both sides from the line the Chinese army
low holds.
Nehru's counter-proposal has been hailed in
he Indian press as a masterpiece of com-
romise, blending firmness with concessions.
'rue, it agrees to make a no-man's land out of
he whole Ladakh area which China claims and
as conquered, thereby giving .the Chinese an
dvantage in future negotiations. The small
ocialist minority in Parliament has already
ttacked it as another step in appeasement.
But Nehru continues his policy of sitting on
he lid of the seething border war hoping to
eep it from bursting into a full-scale one.

retary Herter has caused widespread dismay
here, despite Nehru's wishful remark at a Press
Club dinner that it has no significance.
What Herter said and never explained away
in his two later explanations was that the
American government has no views on the bor-
der dispute between India and China. If one
could indulge in the luxury of irony it is su-
premely ironic to see the Indians reacting
with such unofficial violence to an American
specimen of India's own doctrine of non-align-
Yet at a moment of great crisis and in an
area which may prove to be the hinge of fate
for Asian and world peace a responsible Secre-
tary of State cannot afford to indulge in such
a gesture of retaliation. My own guess is that
Herter had a double target. He wanted to say.
that as long as Nehru insists on going it alone
without a policy of joint military defense with
Pakistan and without appealing to the UN,
America will let him handle it alone. He may
also have been aiming at keeping Russia neutral
by adopting an American neutralist policy
similar to Russia's.
But he said the wrong thing in the wrong
way at the wrong time. The timing, coming
just before the Eisenhower trip, was an instance
of how to lose friends.
THERE WILL BE brave and generous words
spoken on both sides when Eisenhower
comes here. Yet if we cut to the bone and probe
into the realities behind the surface what you
get is the stark fact that India and America
need each other.
The Indians on their side need American aid.
Last year they got almost eight hundred million
dollars of it. Economists whom I trust calculate
that the third five-year plan will not be a suc-
cess unless we raise the figure to a billion. Re-
gardless of America as a possible ally in a
struggle with China, Nehru knows that India

An Open Letter
To David Lawrence
Dear Mr Lawrence:
N A RECENT article appearing
in the Detroit Free Press you
defend the inclusion of the loyalty
oath in the National Defense Edu-
cation Act. You argue that: 1. the
loyalty oath is needed because it
is a technical method by which
to institute perjury indictments
against Communists; 2. the federal
government has the right to in-
clude restrictive clauses in federal
aid programs for education (you
feel that the loyalty oath is a valid
restriction): 3. a substantial part
of the Cammunists' propaganda
effort is dependent on student
demonstrations; 4. since the fed-
eral government imposes certain
restrictions on "freedom of asso-
ciation," college administrators
should not raise a furor over
loyalty oaths; 5. the number of
loyalty oaths should not be re-
duced, but increased.
ITEM 1: Mr. Lawrence, do you
really thinle it is wise to justify
a gag rule on inquiry.in colleges
and universities by arguing that,
thereby, an unspecified number of
Communists will be placed in the
hands of the law? I think this is
a prohibitively high price to pay.
This argument in favor of the
loyalty oath seems to me to be
much the same sort of expediency
by which the FBI justifies illegal
wire tapping.
In fact, Mr. Lawrence, I think
we should invite dedicated Com-
munists ipto our colleges and uni-
versities: in this way there would
be more opportunity for a free
clash of ideas, and we would have
a better idea of the beliefs of the
ideology we are contending with.
Apparently, you fear, Mr. Law-
(Continued from Page 2)
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American Potash & Chemical Corp.,
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Experience or familiarity with nuclear
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Age : 25-30 year range.
Sherwin-Williams Co., Acme Quality
Paints, Inc. affiliate, has an excellent
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in Detroit for a college graduate with
a BS degree in Accounting. Should be
interested in all phases of general of-
fice accounting work.
State of Connecticut announces ex-
aminations for: Nutrition Consultant
(closing date for applications is Dec.
16); -Chief Stationary Engr., Commu-
nity Relations Consultant, Deputy
State Dog warden. Evaluator-Dept. of

rence, that it would be the Com-
munists who would be the convert-
ers, and not the non-Communists.
ITEM 2: Mr. Lawrence, I do not
have the legal background to argue
with you on the matter of right,
but I will take issue with you on
the matter of wisdom. Precisely
why I don't think the loyalty oath
is wise is that it is too hard to
define what constitutes advocacy
of force to overthrow the govern-
Any reform, no matter how
minute, in effect changes the ex-
isting form of government; fur-
thermore many reform move-
ments, at their inception, are
either unlawful or unconstitution-
al, as the case may be.
Political pressure through lobby-
ing activities has produced definite
changes in the operation of gov-
ernmental bodies. Until you give
me a good objective definition of
what constitutes unlawful, force-
ful advocacy of governmental
overthrow I can't accept this part
of your argument.
ITEM 3: I think this element of
your argument is inspired by irra-
tional fear, Mr. Lawrence. In the
first place it is difficult to arouse
mass student enthusiasm on poli-
tical questions; secondly, a mass
studentdemonstration, even
though inspired by Communist
agitation, might spur many people
who are not now thinking, to start
' * *
ITEM 4: I question your logic,
Mr. Lawrence. College administra-
tors may logically support certain
restrictions on "freedom of associ-
ation" yet protest vigorously
against the loyalty oath provision
in the National Defense Education
Act. I give my support to restric-
tive limits on highway speeds; but,
undoubtedly, I would protest
against a law which prohibited
highway speeds in excess of ten
miles an hour.
ITEM 5: Mr. Lawrence, I dis-
miss this part of your argument
because I don't think you really
believe in it-I notice that you
didn't include a signed loyalty
oath with your article. Here you
are a strong force for influencing
my thinking, and I don't know
whether or not you are fighting
for the loyalty oath now in order
that at some time in the future
you can champion the cause of
martyrdom among Communists.
--Lauri E. Kallio
Dissent, . .
To the Editor:
MR. SHERMAN Silber's editor-
ial, "Oaths and Academic
Freedom," in last Tuesday's Daily
prompts me to write a dissenting
It is Mr. Silber's contention
that the current concern over the
oath and disclaimer statement re-
quired of students receiving loans
under the 1958 National Defense
Education Act is misguided. His
argument is one of expediencv.

bership in any organization? The
ideals of a free society dictate an
answer in the negative. That
nearly every American' citizen
could readily accede to this par-
ticular oath and affidavit does not
make the requirement that he do
so any less wrong.
It must be admitted that non-
participation in the loan program
may deny (though more probably
merely delay) a higher education
to some students. The justifica-
tion is that the ideals of a free so-
ciety are worth maintaining and
that less harm will be done by
fighting for them now than by
fighting for them in the future
when the federal government may
be playing an even larger role in
the support of higher education.
Frank' M. Andrews, Grad.
To the Editor:
U.S., SOVIET space operations
"Space Administration"!
"Spiace Specialist"!
Why poetry is quite invaded
Without the spirit wings: unaided
Men talk a levered fantasy
That sounds, feels, fabricates
New world indeed we have
Imagination figured out in math
Seems artists from unique must
To find the something science
won't discern.
--Kathleen Dunne, '60


"Now Don't Gulp It"
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