EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
'Knock at the Door' Skillful, Warm
Men Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in TheMichigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
rRDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: KATHLEEN MOORE
RISING LIVING standards plus peace and
prosperity in England and America have
perhaps irretrievably harmed the political for-
tunes of their parties dedicated to change.
The Conservative party,. which had cam-
paigned largely on the basis of "Don't let them
take it away," and "Peace and Prosperity, with
the Conservatives," won a larger majority in
Commons than was expected. As this marks
the third win in a row for the Tories, the Labor
party is reported concerned about its future-
a justifiable fear.
In the United States, there are indications
that the vast 1957-58 Democratic landslide,
piled up during the "recession," is- slowly
trickling away as unemployment drops and
people stop worrying about losing their jobs.
1HE EXPLANATION for much.of this lies
partly in the impression the Democratic
and Labor parties present to the voting public
-that they support change and improvement
over present conditions.
Traditionally, these parties are more liberal
than their opponents, less satisfied with pre-
serving the status quo, more eager to try a
change even though it might involve some at-
Further, reformers are never very popular,
especially when times are good. It seems that
a nation's drive for progress and improvement
varies inversely with the degree of contentment
of its citizens. Generally; people, both in the
United States and in England, are pretty happy
with the way things are going today.
BUT THEY'RE happy only in a particular
way. Given the materialistic orientation of
contemporary British and American society,
it usually turns out that most people think
... Philip Power
things are going well when they have a full
pocketbook, or in extreme cases, a full stomach.
We don't mean that full pocketbooks or full
stomachs are unimportant. We merely suggest
that often there may be other criteria less di-
rectly simple, personal and materialistic which
are valuable in determining how things are
going - foreign affairs, education and segre-
gation for example. And it is often such issues
that are stressed in the campaigns of the Labor
and Democratic parties.
Labor attacked the Suez policy and hydro-
gen-bomb testing; the Tories replied: "Don't
let them take prosperity away." The Democrats
traditionally hammer away at Dulles' foreign
policy blunders; the Republicans reply "Peace
and Prosperity with Ike." And Macmillan and
Eisenhower both win in landslides.
HERE IS another facet to the economic or-
ientation found in political issues. People
in the United States and Great Britain are
now enjoying the highest levels of living in
their history. This undreamed-of prosperity, it
seems, has made the electorates lazy and un-
willing to risk the dangers and hardships which
always accompany efforts for national im-
The voters' slogan has become "Let's keep
what we've got," instead of "Let's keep on
Admittedly, change should not be advocated
as a value in itself. But the prerequisite for
progress is change; and a society which refuses
to accept the difficulties associated with change
is in danger of stagnation.
"Don't rock the boat" is fine - as long as
you are a dinosaur. But today a nation afraid
to rock the boat is in serious trouble indeed.
READERS' THEATRE is a de-
manding medium both for
actors and audience. It requires
skillful and sensitive performance
and characterization and a high
degree of imaginative cooperation
from the observers.
Sean O'Casey's autobiographical
work, "I Knock at the Door," was
performed last night as a concert
reading by members of the Speech
Department. It was a highly satis-
fying theatre experience.
Flexibility on the part of the
actors is the prime requisite for
such a production, in which one
person may play as many as eight
roles without benefit of make-up,
a great deal of bodily movement,
SWITCHING WITH ease from
portrayals of small boys at play
to sober Protestant reverends, from
drunken cab drivers to mourners
at a father's funeral, the cast met
the demand of flexibility so that
it convinced the mind when it
could not persuade the eye.
Despite some difficulty with the
Irish brogue, the actors achieved,
for the most part, their goal of
transporting the audience beyond
the physical setting of the theatre
to a world of thought and emotion.
This world is concerned with the
growth of a boy's sensitive mind in
conflict with insensitive, often hy-
It hardly matters that much of
the material is more poetic than
actual, more perceptive than nor-
mal, that thoughts are attributed
to characters who would be in-
capable of having them. What
matters is the working of a tre-
mendously alert and intense mind
observing its surroundings.
In the portrait of the artist as
a growing intellect, the audience
sees the same sort of conflict be-
tween the unquestioning world and
the questioning mind that can be
observed in James Joyce's "Por-
trait" or in the recently published
Pulitzer Prize book "A Death in
Contrast plays a significant role
in this production. The cruelty and
sadism of the schoolmaster when
.the boy is forced, because it is
"good for him" to go to school, the
pious self-concern of the Deacon,
the revelry during and after a
funeral-these contrasts reveal the
awakening of a young mind to the
world as it should be, and as it is.
The divergence arouses in the
boy "a feeling he didn't know was
rage," and pain, and sorrow, and
knowledge. "If God be with us,
who can be against us," his mother
asks. Many are, but the boy and
the mother who understands him
defeat them all.
Coupled with characterizations
of high artistry was simple, but
totally effective lighting and off-
stage flute music blending perfect-
ly as background and coming
sharply forward to create mood.
The production was perfectly in-
tegrated to elicit from the audi-
ence its fullest belief and empathy.
New Books at Library
O'Conner, Richard-Wild Bill
Hickok; N.Y., Doubleday & Co.,
Roth, Philip-Goodbye Colum-
bus. And five short stories; Boston,
Houghton Mifflin, 1959.
Stillman, Edmund, ed.--Bitter
Harvest: The intellectual revolt
behind the iron curtain; N.Y.,
Frederick A. Praeger, 1959.
AT THE MICHIGAN:
'Anne Frank' Good,
But Not Excellent
TO THOSE who haven't as yet heard, "The Diary of Anne Frank" con-
cerns the plight of a Jewish family hiding out from the Gestapo in
Amsterdam, during World War II. They succeed for a period of two
years, living a precarious and fearful day-to-day existence over the
shop of a friend, before they are ultimately discovered and sent off to
The success of such a picture depends upon its ability to create
and maintain a certain level of tension, or suspense, for the plot is
nearly static, and their failure to elude the Gestapo is disclosed in the
More SGC Petitions, Friend?
THE SENIOR COLUMN:
Man's Natural Obligation To Give
By CHARLES KOZOLL
"Show you care-give your fair
ADVERTISING and charity are
two words which easily appear
at opposite ends of any mental
spectrum. The noise, bright lights,
flashing colors and gaudy pictures
of the sales campaign certainly
have no place in an effort as hu-
manistic as a community fund
Asking one to contribute to the
aid of his fellow man is something
completely natural. The discreetly
seductive techniques of the product
peddlers involve convincing people
to buy commodities that they may
Coercing a prospective buyer to
purchase something that he may
not need involves arousing the
non-rational areas of human in-
tellect. Philanthropy, of course,
deals with the logic of a com-
munity working together.
* * *
YET EACH YEAR more and
more of the advertiser's "gim-
micks" are being employed by
charitable organizations. Mass
communications media bombard
viewers, listeners and readers,
asking them to "give to the fund
for two-headed monkeys" or "sup-
port transient pea pickers."
The real intent of campaigns
are often submerged beneath the
fanfare of kickoff rallies and dy-
namic marches: to collect funds.
Charity isn't that extra helping
han dthat man "gracioufly ex-
tends to the less fortunate." Giv-
ing to others in your own intimate
society or some other distant group
of individuals is a specific respon-
sibility of human beings.
To The Editor:
N ANSWER to Raymond Tuite's
letter on Miss Doniger's article:
Dear Mr. Tuite,
I fail to intuit
What led you to it.
Victor Perera, Grad.
TODAY AND TOMORROW
Confusion in Steel
HERE SHOULD be some red face
the President's advisers as they r
Dr. Taylor had to say on Tuesday. D
is the chairman of the board appoi
week by the President to set in mo
Taft-Hartley Act. This law, incidenta
common consent unsuited to the ste
But as it is the only law we have, a
cannot think of what else to do, we a
ing to it.°
Dr. Taylor's embarrassing remark
settlement this week would be a mirac
No. 1 first order." Why would it b
miracle? Because "our mediation elf
impeded by our difficulty in nailing do
the issues are. I think it's very distr
this stage that we are still having
defining issues." It is indeed distressing
a strike in this country's basic indust
three months without even clarifying
fining what-the strike is about.
A month before the strike began, at
conference on June 17, the President ,
by Mr. Brandt of the "St. Louis PostI
whether, since the unions and the c
were using "self-serving statistics,"
etnment could not bring out somej
figures "so that people can unders
issues and make their own decisio
President replied that the question w
gent and that he would have it studio
BUT A MONTH later, having had i
he had been told by his adviser
out of the argument because "all of,
are pretty well known." He has now1
by Dr. Taylor that the essential fact
known at all, and that after three m
propaganda by the companies and th
it would now be "a minor miracle" t
issues defined this week.
In short, the country is suffering
costly stoppage because there is an
war going on over issues which nobod
interested will, which nobody who is
ested can, define. There may be all m
argument about what is the proper re
government in a dispute of this kind
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
PIILIP POWER ROBERT
Editorial Director City
CHARLES KOZOLL............. Personn
JOAN KAATZ..................... Magazf
BARTON HUTHWAITE .............. Featu
JIM BENAGH ........................ spo
SELMA SAWATA.....Associate Personn
JAMES BOW ............. Associate "C
SUSAN HOLTZEi.......Associate Editori
PETER DAWSON .............Contribut
DAVE LYON ............Associate Spo
FIRED KATZ .........i.... Associat* ep
By WALTER LIPPMANN I
es among there be any argument that in a conflict of
ead what such national significance it is a duty of the
)r. Taylor government to see that the issues are defined?
nted last In the general confusion, where there is no
otion the responsible and reliable authority to elucidate
lly, is by the truth, there is no one who is representing
eel strike, the national interest. Yet great national inter-
nd as we ests are at stake. There is the national interest
re resort- in resuming top production. There is the inter-
est in arriving at a settlement which in terms
that "a of wages and prices is compatible with the
cle of the health of the economy as a whole. For the
e such a settlement of the steel strike will set a pattern
forts are for wages and prices which other industries
own what will follow.
essing at But who has authority to represent the na-
g trouble tional interest in the steel dispute? The answer
g to allow is nobody. We are, it is said, demonstrating to
ry to run mankind, the virtues of "free bargaining." It
and de- might be added that we are demonstrating to
the world our failure to grasp the hard realities
his press of a deep evil in our society, and to deal with
was asked these realities lucidly and firmly.
ompanies my OWN VIEW is that for a constructive
the gov- solution of what is a very complex business,
impartial it is essential for the nation through the Con-
tand the gress to make a fundamental decision of na-
ins." The tional policy. This would be to assert that in
as intelli- the great industrial conflicts involving giant
ed. monopolistic corporations -and unions, the na-
tional interest is paramount. 7t is paramount
t studied, in that differences must be settled without
Sto keep strikes or lockouts. It is paramount in that the
the facts wage-price conditions of the settlement must be
bhen ftld beneficial to the whole national economy.
been told The national nterest being paramount, in
noaresnot the last resort the government should have the
euions, power to require compulsory arbitration, and
to get the to enforce observance of the verdict. In my
view, if this power exists and is intelligently
from a exercised, it will rarely have to be invoked.
industrial For with the existence of the reserve power, the
dy who is government will be in a strong position to urge
disinter- labor and management to bargain freely if they
ianner-of can and if they will, or else to accept voluntary
ole of the arbitration.
. But can DR. TAYLOR, for whom I have great respect,
says in an interview published in the "U. S.
News and World Report" that he is in favor of
voluntary arbitration but that compulsory arbi-
I I tration is "terrible." I submit that to draw the
distinction so sharply is an oversimplification.
For, so at least it seems to me, the existence of
the power to institute compulsory arbitration
T JUKEA would act as a strong, and indeed as a neces-
y Editor sary method of promoting voluntary arbitra-
81 Director tion. There is more likely to be voluntary arbi-
ures Editor tration, which plainly is what the steel conflict
rts Editor now needs, if in the backgrounud there exists
City Editor the power to compel arbitration.
al Director The dividing line between "voluntary" and
ing Editor "compulsory" is not absolute and sharp. A lot
orts editor of laws are observed voluntarily by many people
because if they are not observed. there exists
EACH OF THE three large
monotheistic religions - Judaism,
Christianity and Mohammedism-
clearly point out that man's obli-
gation extends further than de-
veloping his ego image. A duty to
aid all peoples is inscribed in the
laws of each of these faiths.
A logical corollary indicates that
societies grow and develop because
individuals in those groups work
together. They repress desires to
work for selfish interests in favor
of the larger social effort.
An end result of community im-
provement, rather. than ego-ori-
ented individual progress, may not
be as personally gratifying, but is
certainly more desirable from a
THESE VIEWS, too often disre-
garded, are what seem to be ra-
tionale behind philanthropy. Yet
each year the advertisers move in
further and turn campaigns into
county-fair type enterprises.
To chastize the ad men is fool-
ish. Their "ostentatious methodol-
ogy" is designe dto relieve reluc-
tant contributors of excess funds.
They use means which will moti-
* * *
THE NEEDS remain the sime,.
only the people have changed.
Group effort is largely replaced
by the personal pronoun, "I" The
wonder of owning barbecue pits,
television sets, homes in the sub-
urbs and the vacation in Florida
has seemingly distorted what were.
once rationale beings.
And instead of considering the
plight of others as inherently con-
nected with their status, individu-
als blithely exist in their micro-
climate. Only brutally astonishing
advertising efforts can break
through and persuade people to
enhance their status by helping
the "less fortunate."
opening scene. "Diary" does not
entirely succeed for a number of
reasons, the primary one being
that it fails'to achieve, during its
first half, that tension. It is a long
movie - two and a half hours -
but this is not necessarily the
cause of its failure. When coupled
with a slow start, however, it is.
I SPEAK of "failure" in relative
terms. "Diary" has been around
for so long now, in one form or
another, and has been so highly
publicized, that anything less
than excellence is bound to verge
upon the anti-climactic. To the
extent that "Diary" is not excel-
lent, it therefore fails; it is, how-
ever, good, and certainly a cut
above the average Hollywood
The direction and the photog-
raphy are good. The acting is
steady, and although Millie Per-
kins, as Anne, is often more at-
tractive than effective, there are
some poignant scenes between her
and her first love, Pater. Neither
is there a lack of humor. There is,
as- a matter of fact, little to quar-
rel with about the last hour and
a half. It's a shame that the first
half is so uninspired.
BOTH JOSEPH Schildkraut, as
Anne's father, and Ed Wynn, as
the petty dentist who they be-
friend, give convincing perform-
ances, and Shelly Winters, in the
role of a disillusioned, middle-
aged Haus-Frau, is better than
perhaps even she herself realizes.
Millie Perkins is somewhat un-
even, but occasionally rises to the
situation, and one of the more
memorable scenes deals with her
preparation for. a "date" with
Pater, who lives over on the other
side of the room.
There are no short features ex-
cept the newsreel, which shows
Northwestern "tuning-up" for the
Able Direction, Au
" ORN YESTERDAY" is a clever, enjoyable film, largely
of the direction of George Cukor.
Out of all the elements that make up a film, only on
the essential tone of the finished movie. The camera, as
uses it, will finally unite the disparate aspects of film cral
The difference between seeing a movie and looking oti
dow is that in the theatre the camera determines what t
will see. The eye, after all, is a restless organ, quite blase
a great deal of experience) and not at all likely to "select"
the same story that the writer
had in mind.
Nor can the composer, set de--
signer, actor or anyone else control
the audience's reaction. If any ele-
ment is going to dominate it will
be the camera.
In "Born Yesterday," cukor has
used his camera with a clever deli-
cacy and with an intelligence that
results in a notable film. He has.
relied on nothing really except the
audience's eyes - and this reli-
ance he beautifully exploited.
Most of the wit in the film is
visual. The longest laughs often
result from a silent screen, but a
brilliant camera. For example,
during a card game between Judy
Holliday and Broderick Crawford,
neither character speaks for sev-
eral minutes; yet the scene makes.
point after hilarious point.
And Cukor uses the camera for
other purposes besides humor.
Watch how, early in the film, he
characterizes Mrs. Hedgesby, by,
filming (of all things) her hand
and returning to it as she speaks.
* * *
CUKOR, OF COURSE, has the
ablest assistance in creating this ,
movie. The story is a Behrmann-
like comedy exploring the humor
which arises from a clash of moods j
and ideologies. But it is an un-
balanced plot and the closing
scenes, quite different in tone and
approach from the opening ones,
are just barely saved from ban-
ality. Often, too, the story grows
too expqlicit about its overtones.
Judy Holiday is irresistible. The
movie tells the story of her "edu-
The Daily official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
'sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibiity. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1959
VOL. LXX, NO. 2 3
All Teacher's Certificate Candidates
The teacher's certificate application
must be turned in to the School of
Education by Nov. 2. The address is 1439
University Elementary School.
Season Subscriptions to Playbill 1959-
60 and single tickets for 111 Knock at
the Door" will be on sale from 10-5
today at the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre box office, and 5-8 at the True-
blood Auditorium box office, Frieze
Tonight: A student-faculty east pre-
sents a concert reading of Sean O'Ca-
sey's autobiographical "I Knock at the
Door," 8:00 p.m. Trueblood Auditorium
The First Baptist Church: Sunday:
9:45-Student led Bible study on the
,Sermon on the Mount;" 11:00-Morn
ing Worship - The Rev Hugh Pickett
6 :45-The American Baptist Student
Fellowships is joininug some of the oth-
er churches in the area in the Loud
Lecture. Tonight's topic is "Student
Christians around the World." We will
meet at the Student'Center and leave
together for the _Methodist Church.
Thursday: 4:00-Prayer Group. Friday:
a work party at the student Center.
Faculty, College of Literature, Science
and the Arts: The freshman five-week
progress reports will be due Fri., Oct.
23, In the vacuty Counselors Office for
freshmen and sophomores, 1213 Angell
Faculty Organ Recital: Robert Noeh-
ren, University organist, will include
compositions by Bach, Messiaen and
Tournemire in his recital at 4:15 p.m.
Sun., Oct. 18. This is the last of three
Sunday afternoon recitals on the Frieze
organ in Hill Aud., and will be open to
the general public.
Engineering Mechanics S e mi n a r,
Mon., Oct. 19 at 4:00 p.m. in Rm. 218.
W. Engrg. Bldg. Terry Kammash, Ast.
prof. of Engineering Mechanics and of
Nuclear Engineering, will speak. The
title of his talk will be "Elastic-Plastic
Thermal Stresses in Tubes Subjected
to Uniform Heat Generation. Evalua-
tion of Experimental Results Obtained
Using Graphite Tubes."
Coffee will be served in 201 W. Engrg.
Bldg. at 3:30 p.m.
Social Work-Social Science Colo-
quium: Dr. Norman Polansky, Western
Reserve University will speak on "Ac-
cessibility to Treatment in a Children's,
Institution: A Research Report," Mon.,
Oct. 19 at 4:15 p.m.
Additional information on the fol-
owing positions may be obtained by
contacting the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, General Division, 4001 Admin.
Blg., Phone Ext. 3371.
City of Detroit, Mich. 1) Jr. Apprais-
er. Under supervision, to assist in the
elementary technical phases of apprais-
ing and assessing of taxable real and
personal property; to perform clerical
and other work incidental thereto, etc.
Graduate in engineering, accounting,
or business or public administration.
Some experience in office and field work
in connection with appraising and as-
sessing, including preferably, some ex-
perience in gathering information and
data for appraisal and assessment work,
etc. 2) Intermediate Appraiser. Under
supervision, to perform moderately
difficult and responsible technical of-
fice and field work involving the ap-
praisal and assessment of either real or
personal property; or to participate in
routine administrative work and.to
n.,,arviie aero nof dclrcl and tech-
"Now It's An Invasion of Privacy"