See Page 4
Yl r e
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
Turning cooler, possible
showers towards evening.
VOL. L, No.22 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1959 FVE CENTS
VOL. XX, o. 2
To Resume Talks
Fact-Finding Commission Prods;
Asks Both Sides To Give Ground
WASHINGTON (P)-Governnent fact finders prodded the steel
strike antagonists back into direct negotiations yesterday, advising
4 both sides to give some ground.
The union and the industry agreed to sit down together here.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's inquiry board wound up four
days of hearings on issues behind the 93-day strike by saying the
nation sorely wants a settlement.
George W. Taylor, the panel's chairman, said the crippling walk-
out, idling some 725,000 workers, is reaching the point where resuming
- steel production is more important-
STOCKHOLM (AR) - The 1959
Nobel Prize in
to two Ameri-
GEORGE E. BEAN
San Diego's city manager
Py SUSAN FARRELL
"All of us face a certain amount
of segmentation in government,"
said George E. Bean, city manager'
of San Diego, Calif.
"But rather than striving to
bring these segments together and
formalize government, we ought to
accept the existing forms and work
informally and with quiet persua-
Bean spoke about urban prob-
lems from a city manager's view-
point at a seminar sponsored by
the Institute of Public Administra-
Lists Manager's Duties
A manager has many specific
duties, he said, but in general
terms a manager does three,
things: builds a program around
the needs of the people, builds an
organization to carry out his pro-
gram effectively, and builds a
financial structure to support the
"I have come to believe that in
order to fulfill his duties effective-
ly, a manager must have full dis-
cretion in the appointment of his
department heads," said Bean.
The city council is the deposi-
tory of all power, the leadership
in the community, and should re-
main so, he continued.
nRelationsh is between managers
and councils are extremely varied,
he explained. But a manager
should use every way he knows
how to keep his program going.
There are as many ways to do
things as there are radii. of a
circle, Bean said. If the manager
really wants something he will find
a way to do it. Internal differences
must not obstruct the program.
But the whole. democratic sys-r
tem is based on confidence, he
continued. Confidence of the,
people in the council, of the
tcouncil in the manager, of the
manager in the staff. Any break-
down is discernible, if one is sen-
A high-grade general educ_-ton
Js necessary background for a city'
,manager and he will always be
;glad he has it, Bean said. But no
;good general education can make
,anyone an accomplished city man-
Wisdom, as in any other profes-
tson, comes only the hard way, he
than how it is done.
Taylor suggested that the in-
dustry and striking steelworkers
union consider submitting their
dispute to arbitration-the deci-
sion of an outside neutral--if they'
couldn't settle it on their own.
Both sides said they don't want
arbitration, and prefer negotia-
As the hearings ended, with the
industry's presentation, Steelwork-
ers President David J. McDonald
went into a huddle with his un-
ion's executive board. The indus-
try's coordinating committee also
Late in the day it waspan-
nounced that R. Conrad Cooper,
the steel industry's top negotiator,
had called McDonald and arranged
the meeting for this morning..
There was no apparent solid
basis for expecting a settlement
before Monday, when Taylor's
panel must submit a report to
President Eisenhower. With this
report in hand, the President
would be free to seek a federal
court injunction halting the strike
for 80 days.
Secretary of Labor James P.
Mitchell was reported working be-
hind scenes with industry and un-
ion bigwigs, seeking to spur a set-
Similar maneuvers by Mitchell
helped pave the way for a steel
strike settlement in 1956. Taylor's
panel also was engaging in the
Winding up the formal hearings
--except for a final meeting sched-
uled Sunday morning - Taylor
urged both sides to reexamine
their positions in the dispute.
The panel chairman said the in-
dustry's stated 'limit of allowing a
two per cent annual money gain.
for workers in any new contract is
no magic figure. The industry has
maintained anything higher would!
spur a new wave of inflation.
But Taylor contended the in-
dustry's mathematics cannot be so
"You can't say two per cent is
magic and two and a fourth per
cent is devastating," Taylor said
by way of illustration.
"Wouldn't it be ironic if, by
holding to a figure, you have a
strike causing an unbalancing of
the budget and contributing ter-
rifically to inflation?" Taylo; re-
pan scientists who have synthe-
sized two basic chemicals of life
in research on heredity.
Dr. Severo Ochoa of New York
University's medical college and
Dr. Arthur Kornberg of Stanford
University, Stanford, Calif., will
share $42,606 in cash.
In Stanford, Brooklyn-born Dr.
Kornberg, received the news with
a cheerful "O.K." and said he
planned to go to Stockholm in
December to accept.
Treats News Casually-
"It's one ofnthose things - it
shouldn't change anything," he
In New York, Dr. Achoa, a nat-
uralized American born in Luarca,
Spain, smiled happily at congrat-
ulations of a host of colleagues,
students and other friends.
Sipping champagne from a pa-
per cup, he said: "It is a very
great honor; something very good
to happen to a scientist."
Work in Biochemistry
Physicians who chose to work
in biochemistryhthe two created
the nucleic acids DNA and RNA in
test tube experiments. Nucleic
acids derive their name from the
cell nucleus, the basic compon-
ent of living things,
DNA is the scientific nickname
for Desoxyribonucleic Acid, a sub-
stance which holds the secrets of
such inherited characteristics as
race, height, and eye color. Dr.
Kornberg has specialized in this
RNA stands for Ribonucleic
Acid, which takes part in the pro-
duction of proteins. That has
claimed the attention of Dr.
They worked together for a year
in 1946; otherwise have pursued
their 'research independently.
Their experiments have helped
to clarify the workings of heredi-
The Interfraternity Council's ex-
ecutive committee recommended to
the Dean of Men that Theta Xi be
put on social probation until Dec.
1 for a hazing violation.
During Theta Xi's last "help
week" a pledge strained a muscle
wpile engaging in calisthentics, the
president, Roger levy, '60E, said.
The fraternity was also given a
Levy also noted'that this is the
first time Theta Xi has had a
"help week" rather than a "hell
In other action, it was recom-
mended that Tau Delta Phi and
Sigma Nu be put on social proba-
tionfor having'accounts receivable
in excess of $200 at the end of the
academic year. The recommended
probationary periods were respec-
tively until Nov. 30 and Nov. 15.
To de Gaulle
PARIS (M)-The French National1
Assembly early yesterday voted4
Pr'esident Charles de Gaulle a free
hand in his effort toGbring peace
to Algeria through self-determi-'
The official vote tally showed 441
voting in approval of the govern-
ment's Algerian policy, 23 oppos-
ing, and 85 abstaining or not vot-
The constitution of the FifthI
Republic does not require Parlia-4
ment to pass on the President's1
actions. But the massive endorse-.
ment of his policy gavehim added3
strength to end the five-year na-
Those who voted against the
government included a few who;
had bolted the Gaullist majority
party, Union for the New Republic,
a dozen or so conservatives, the
ten Communists and a few free-
wheeling non-party deputies. Most
of the Algerian deputies boycotted
the session. The opposition social-
ists voted with the majority.
Although extreme right oppon-
ents did most of the talking in the
national assembly, there was little
doubt that-following the army
and an apparent majority of pub-
lic opinion - the deputies were
ready to fall into line behind the
Some did so with heavy hearts.
They are those who fear Algerians
will seize offered independence.
Even local autonomy, they feel,
will be a stepping-stone to full
independence in a matter of
months. They favor the third
choice offered by de Gaulle-com-
plete integration of Algeria with
Attack de Gaulle
As the debate neared its end,
the onslaught against the govern-
ment mounted. De Gaulle, al-
though not present, came in for
The words "treason" and
"treachery" were mentioned sev-
eral times by those who implied
de Gaulle was "giving away"
French territory by allowing Al-
geria its freedom.
But the main drama was played
outside the Assembly. Most
Frenchmen were interested in just
what might already be in the
works to get a cease-fire in Algeria.
Despite repeated reports of sec-
ret diplomatic contacts in Tunis,
Rabat, Madrid and elsewhere,
there was still no official confir-
mation that the two sides were
really getting together.
EAST? WEST AGREE:
WASHINGTON (R) - The So-
viet Union yesterday joined free
world countries in calling for a
ban on military use of the Antarc-
tic and a guarantee for unhamp-
ered scientific inquiries there.
The cordial atmosphere at the
opening of a United States-spon-
sored 12-nation conference was
warm enough to melt some of the
ice at the South Pole.
Delegates openly voiced hope
that the conference would produce
in a few weeks a treaty outlaw-
ing any military use of the vast,
unsettled subcontinent where sci-
entists of the 12 countries have
been cooperating under the In-
ternational Geophysical Year pro-
Refer to Better Feelings
There were references to an im-
proved international climate fol-
lowing Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev's visit with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
It was the first appearance of
a Soviet delegation at an interna-
tional conf erence since last
month's talks, and Western diplo-
mats were hoping the thaw would
continue at other East-West
meetings, such as those coming
up on disarmament andsBerlin.
Secretary of State Christian A.
ors Antarctic Arms Ban
ANTARCTICA-Russia has just proposed that the continent be
made off-limits to military operations, guaranteeing free scientific
inquiry in the snow-covered area. The Internatiohal GeophysicM
Year studies are examples of what could be done.
To 1954 Hearings
BY THOMAS HAYDEN
The University has been re-
moved from the censure list of
the American Association of Uni-
versity Professors, resolving a
conflict stretching back to the na-
tionwide Communist hearings of
The AAUP had' censured the
University in March, 1958, charg-
ing it had violated principles of
academic freedom and tenure in
the 1954 dismissal of two faculty
members without severance pay.
It officially notified the Univer-
sity of the censure removal this
week, following adoption of re-
vised policies regarding severance
pay and dismissal by the Univer-
By The Associated Press
duction last month continued the
steady decline it has followed since
reaching a record high in June,
the Federal Reserve Board re-
'The Board's monthly report in-
dicated that the effects of the
steel strike, which began on July
15, are becoming more noticeable
* * *
NEW YORK - The nation's
propaganda chief said yesterday'
Nikita S.Khrushchev's visit to this
country brought about a change in
the Soviet line of attack against
George V. Allen, head of the
U.S. Information Agency, said:
"I don't know whether Mr.
Khrushchev liked what he saw in
the U.S. or not."
* * *
WASHINGTON -- Explorer VI,
the paddle-wheel satellite launched
more than two months ago, has
lost its sun-powered radio voice.-
Its transformers had been ex-
pected to last the lifetime of the
satellite, more than a year.
Herter pledged America's dedica-
tion to continuing peaceful scien-
tific cooperation in the Antarctic.
Comments on Antarctica
"Antarctica should be used for
peaceful purposes only, should not
become an object of political con-
flict, and should be open for the
conduct of scientific investiga-
tions," Herter said.'
The Russians, headed by Depu-
Kuznetsov put the Soviet posi-
tion this way:
"The Soviet government con-
siders that there should be es-
tablished in Antarctica an inter.
national regime that would con-
tribute to the strengthening of
peace and would exclude the pos-
sibility of this region being turned
into a cause frictions and tensions
in the relations between states.
"It is important, therefore, first
of all, to come to an agreement
providing for the use of Antarc-
tica for peaceful purposes only.
"It neans that in Antarctica the
carrying out of any measures of
military nature, including the con-
struction of military bases and in-
stallations, the conducting of mil-
itary, naval and air exercises and
the testing of any types of wea-
pons, should W'e prohibited." -
Kuznetsov did not suggest how
the military ban would be en-
forced. The United States is push-
ing for control to prevent viola-
ty Foreign Minister Vasili Kuz-
netsov, raised no objection when
the head of the United States
delegation, international lawyer
Herman Phleger, won by acclaim
the post of permanent chairman
of the conference.
The Soviet delegate declared'
Antarctica - "this coldest region
of our planet" - has produced ex-
ceptionally warm relations be-
tween scientists from different
By NORMA SUE WOLFE.
The abolition ,of literary school
distribution requirements and in-
itiation of departmental requisites
was proposed by Patricia Petr'ush-
ke, '60, at yesterday's literary col-
lege steering committee meeting.
BY SEAN O'CASEY:
Playbill Opens Season with 'I Knock at the Door'
But Byron Gold, 16, feltth
best way to satisfy a liberal edu-
cation is through a concentration
program centered in the senior
year alone and the extension of
distribution requirements to a
three-year period. At the end of.
three years, the student would
take a'comprehensive examina-
"My proposal is an entirely dif-
ferent approach," Miss Petrushke,
said, "yet I think it would ac-
complish what the literary school
distribution and concentration re-
quirements are trying to do."
Freshmen Lack Breadth
Departmental distribution re-
quirements at first would seem to
indicate that, the freshman was
already concentrating in one field
and that he would thus lack4
breadth, Miss Petrushke said.
"At second glance, however, it
is quite the opposite," she said.
"Each department would set up
requirements with an eye to de-
veloping the background essential
for later concentration."
Two major objections were
raised to Miss Petrushke's sug-
gestion. Lynnel Marg, '61, asked
what would happen to the fresh-
man who had no idea about his
field of concentration.
Makes Another Point
And Sanford Holo, '60, pointed.
out that over 50 per cent of col-
lege graduates do not complete
school in the same field of con-
centration' in which they began.
Questions raised through the
discussion evolved into Gold's sug-
gestion - extending distribution
requirements to three years and
concentrating in a student's senior
Actually, the student would lose
only four hours if cognates were
eliminated and the entire senior
year could be devoted to concen-
tration, Gold said.
Cites Composition Course
He cited an advanced exposi-
tion course as an example of the
value of the three-year distribu-
tion requirement period. The
freshman English student finds
greatest difficulty in theme writ-
The revisions were formally ap-
proved by the University Regents
at their January and June meet-
ings this year.
University officials welcomed
the AAUP's action calmly and
President Harlan Hatcher said
the 18-month censure had "no
special effect" on the University
community, but indicated he was
pleased with the removal.
Agrees With AAUP
"Actually, the University always
has been concerned with the same
academic values as the AAUP,"
he said. "There's been no dis-
agreement on that- score."
Vice-President and Dean of
Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss called
the removal "gratifying recogni-
tion of the University'. sincere
dedication to the principles of
academic freedom -which it holds
in common with the AAUP."
Dismiss Prof. Nickerson
In the fall of 1954, the Univer-
sity had dismissed Assistant Pro-
fessor Mark Nickerson of the
pharmacology department and in-
structor H. Chandler Davis of the
mathematics department. It also
suspended Prof. Clement Markert
of the zoology department, then
reinstated him after a censure.
In May of that year, all three
had refused to answer questions
concerning past or present iden-
tification with the Comnmunist
Party, put to them by a Lansing
subcommittee of the House .Un-'
American Activities Committee.
The men were fired after months
of hearings held by two Univer-
sity faculty committees. The com-
mittees recommended reinstate-
ment of Prof. Markert and Prof.
Nickerson and dismissal of Davis.
The AAUP began an investiga-
tion of the cases in 1956, and even-
tually concluded the dismissals
were "inconsistent with the gen-
erally accepted principles of aca-
demic freedom and tenure."
When the AAUP censured the
University in 1958, University of-
ficials regarded the action as min-
imal, largely because the censure
was leveled four years after the
Faculty groups did start a study
of revisions of dismissal proce-
dures' in 1956, however.
During the past year, the AAUP
suggested possible revisions in the
University rules to the faculty
g r o u p. Final recommendations
from the University Senate then
were adopted by the Regents in
January and June.
Among the revisions was a by-
law amendment providing for
severance pay for dismissed fac-
By MILDA GINGELL
Playbill of the speech department opens its season with Sean
O'Casey's "I Knock at the Door" at 8 p.m. tonight in Trueblood Aud.
Explaining production problems, Professor Claribel Baird, director
of the production, said "O'Casey writes very eloquent prose using long,
rhythmic sentences, and this has been one of the principal problems
for the readers.. . the rhythm must be maintained . . ."
Prof Baird referred to readers, not actors, since the production
will be presented in the form of a concert reading. This type of drama
eliminates the use of scenery and demonstrates little or no movement
by the actors, so the performance seems to bridge space and time
without the limits of ordinary stage presentation.
"This form is not easier than acting, in fact the very lack of'
movement (on stage) is sometimes confining to the reader, but it
does inspire concentration on the interpretation of lines. The radio-
TV experience of most of the readers stands them in good stead,"
added Prof. Baird who plays the role of the mother as well as directing
Portraying Johnny and Ella Casside, sister and brother in the
production, are two speech students, Terry Thure, '60, and Diane
Jim Bob Stephenson, narrator of the reading, commented on,
working with the two students, "In a creative situation such as this,
the instructor is on an equal par with the student; he just happens
to have more information in a given subject area."
To Go Wesi
...... ... .. ME ,.79