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May 14, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-05-14

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Diplomatic At.
et Khrushchev

in Paris




Premier Set
There Today
Early Arrival Causes
Lively Speculation
PARIS A) -- Unpredictable So-
viet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev,
his attitude of truculent indigna-
tion well advertised in advance,
arrives in Paris today for a sum-
mit meeting which could become
a world-shaking wrangle in its
first day.
In diplomatic quarters, the at-
mosphere was one of tense ex-
pectancy. One diplomat said: "We
should know very quickly whether
we're going to have a one-day
Westerners here for the four-
power heads of government meet-
ing opening Monday seemed
agreed that the length and pros-
pects of the fateful conference
depended :upon the Soviet Pre-
mier's attitude..
Lively Speculation
There was lively speculation of
Khrushchev's decision' to arrive
in Paris 48 hours before the open-
ing of the 'conference.
U.S. President Dwight D. Eis-
enhower and Britain's Prime Min-
ister Harold MacMillian are not
due until Sunday morning.
Some expressed belief Khrush-
chev was seeking a propaganda
head start at the scene of the
summit meeting. Others suggested
he was anxious to test the atmos-
If the latter is the case, it seem-
ed likely Khrushchev would be
advised, in preliminary talks with
President Charles de Gaulle of
France, that unless he takes it
easy in his approach, the summit
meeting is not likely to last long.
Khrushchev was considered
likely yesterday to demand at the
summit conference that the United
States promise to stop its spy
flights over Russia.
The prospect heightened
chances of a clash between Eisen-
hower and the Soviet leader over
the case of the downed American
U2 plane when the East-West
leaders meet in Paris next week.
' Eisenhower sees the United
States flights behind the Iron
Curtain as needed for defense
against possible surprise .attack.
He has served notice that he will
reoffer at the summit his open

The Russians, who captured
Powers and claim to have shot
down the plane, accused the
United States of hostile acts and
threatened reprisals in case of
future flights.
The United States reply, deliv-
ered in Moscow by the United
States Embassy, denied "any ag-
gressive intent" and said Ameri-
ca's intelligence gathering is "for
purely defensive purposes."
It denied too the Soviet accu-
sation that the May 1 flight was
undertaken deliberately to wreck
the long-awaited summit parley.
"Indeed," the U. S. note said,
"it is the Soviet government's
treatment of this case which, if
anything, may raise questions,
about its intentions in respect to
these matters."
The U. S. note concluded:
"For its part, the United States
government will participate in the
Paris meeting on May 16 prepared
to cooperate to the fullest extent
in seeking agreements designed to
reduce tensions, including effec-1
tive safeguards against\ surprise
attack which would make unnec-
essary issues of this kind."
Herter Left Thursday
Secretary of State Christian A.
Herter departed Thursday for
final pre-summit conferences ats
Paris with a smiling goodby, but1
a refusal to comment on summitl
prospects or whether Eisenhower
should go to Russia.

. In Paris tomorrow -
skies plan for reciprocal aerial in-
Officially Charged
Last night the United States
officially charged that Moscow's
treatment of the spy case casts
doubt on whether Khrushchev
really intends progress at the
summit toward easing East-West
The United States allegation
was contained in a 250-word note
replying to the Kremlin's May 10
protest about the May Day flight
deep into Soviet territory by
American pilot Francis G. Powers.

...in Paris today -

Meanwhile the spy plane case
continued to trouble United States
relations with friends and neu-
The Pakistani ambassador, after
a 15-minute meeting with Herter,
said his government has not yet
determined whether the U2 flew
into Russia from Pakistan.
The Afghan ambassador said
after a State Department visit
that his government would strong-
ly protest what he called an act
of aggression and violation of
Afghanistan's neutrality.

Private School Retains Small Size

By The Associated Press
KALAMAZOO - A classic ex-
ample of the struggle of private
education to survive in the face
of the rapid expansion of tax sup-
ported schools can be viewed from
a pair of green clad hills divided
by a railroad track in Kalamazoo.
The railroad track, traditional
symbol of division in America, has
lost its harsh mark of class dis-
tinction in this case because of the
friendship and cooperation which
have developed over the years be-
tween Kalamazoo College and
Western Michigan University
which face each other "across the
Kalamazoo College, proud of the
127. years which make it Michi-
gan's oldest college, is a perfect
example of the small, privately
financed liberal arts institution
trying to balance the problem of

ever-increasing tuition and oper-
ating costs with the assets of an
excellent faculty, small classes and
the charm of small campus life.
WMU Booms
Across the tracks is big, booming
Western Michigan University. Only
57 years old, Western is exploding
after many years service as a
teacher training school into an
era in which it is expected to meet
the demands of a full fledged uni-
Kalamazoo College, working un-
der a program of controlled and
highly selective enrollment, has
about 650 students on campus to-
day. Ten years ago the number
wasn't much smaller.
Western Michigan, meeting the
demand for state supported college
education by thousands of Michi-
gan high school graduates, has
jumped from approximately 4,000
students in 1950 to nearly 9,000
today, despite a tightened up en-
trance program.
Cost Looms Large
The cost situation looms large
in the planning of the two men
who serve as presidents of these
next door neighbor colleges.
To President Weimer K. Hicks
of Kalamazoo College the cost fac-
tor creates a problem which must
be met by providing the "extras"
of private school education coupled
with the continual search for fi-
nancial assistance from friends of
the college. Since World War II,
Kalamazoo College has been able
to raise more than $2.5 million to
improve its facilities.
"It is simply impossible for a
private school to offer an educa-
tion at a cost comparable to that
charged by a tax supported uni-
versity," Hicks says.
"The private school must al-
ways turn to its alumni and friends
when it needs money," says Hicks.

"Here at Kalamazoo we use the
bulk of our tuition money to pay
above average faculty salaries. To
provide operating funds for the
college itself, we must conduct a
fund drive for about $125,000 every.
year. It is not easy."
Problem: Money
While he turns to Lansing rather
than to private sources for funds,
President Paul V. Sangren of
WMU, also classes money as his
major problem.
Unlike that of Hicks, Sangren's
problem is not the threat of ever-
increasing tuition fees, although
that is a worrysome factor. Rather,
he is faced with the demand for
more and more housing, classroom
and service space as the lines of
would-be students form at his
campus door.
Has Obligation
"Western has an obligation to
students, parents and the state of
Michigan to provide buildings,
equipment and faculty needed to
carry on a sound educational pro-
gram. Our nation is economically
able to give adequate support to
higher education. Whether tax
supported schools can meet the in-
creased student load is up to a
decision by the people who pay the
Michigan has its share of small,
privately financed colleges, as well
as its state supported schools, but
only in Kalamazoo are they with-
in waving distance of each other.
Is there room in the future for
both? Hicks and Sangren think
there is. Both educators feel that
"big" education at the state level
must grow even bigger as the stu-
dent load increases. But they also
agree that the accomplishments
of small college education warrant
increasing support from industry
and private citizens who recognize
its worth.

The Senior Choir of First Baptist Church
by Felix Mendelssohn
Sunday, May 15 at 7:30 P.M.
SoLoIsrs: Walker Wyatt, Grace Hanninen,
Mary Ellen Henkel, Charles Walton, and
Robert Edmonson.
First Baptist Church 512 E. Huron Street




Second Front Page


May 14, 1960

Page 3

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