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May 13, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-05-13

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Seventieth Year

en Opinions Are Free
ruth Win Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This msust be noted in all reprints.

AY, MAY 13, 1960


Academic Freedom
For the Quaified?

"Some of Our Statecraft Is Missing"
l 5~
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-. 4ST1~1E-_
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& I

Council Meetings Can
Go More Smoo
Daly Staff Writer
FOM A constituent's viewpoint, a great deal of each Student
Government Council meeting must be rather grim.
It is unfortunate too, for constitutents, who are permitted to
speak on major issues before the Council, often have a decided effect
on its deliberations. As it stands now, there are a few constituents
who attend almost all the meetings. They range from a few retired
student 'leaders to a vocal group one is strongly inclined to label the
"alliance to the Left."
If its meetings were spruced and speeded up, the Council might
solve this problem of low constituent attendance. An important first

PROF. LEO KOCH of the biology department
- of the University of Illinois was fired after
vriting a letter to the student newspaper con-
oning premarital sexual relations under cer-
ain circumstances.
"The University probably wouldn't have fired
rof. Koch if he were a faculty member here,"
ice-President and Dean of Faculties Marvin L.
iehuss said recently, "but before we would
ire him I'd have to be convinced there wasn't
n equally well-qualified biologist around who
rasn't so willing to make such a fool of him-
THE REMARKS a professor makes in public
should, after all, be within his field of pro-
essional competence and limited by a sense of
astitutional responsibility.

"But all things considered, a university
stands to gain more by allowing its faculty the
widest possible latitude in expressing their
opinions than by circumscribing it sharply."
THIS HAS BEEN University policy in the
past and "we haven't been particularly
sorry," Niehuss said.
This seems a rational, straightforward eval-
uation of the pros and cons of academic free-
dom and/or responsibility.
It's regrettable that other members of the
administration do not extend it to students
who are willing to make fools of themselves in
food riots.
Students, at least, have the excuse of youth.

B ermudas and Complacency

BERMUDA-clad coeds throughout the nation
have been greatly outraged at Barnard
College's treatment of their favorite warm-
weather classroom attire during the past week.
With the words, "If we could be sure about
the length of the shorts, or if we could regulate
the size of the girls who wear them, it might
be a different thing," Barnard's President Milli-
cent McIntosh promptly set about ignoring a
petition and a student assembly to keep the
shorts on campus. One cannot condone or
condemn the action of Barnard's administra-
tion, but it seems that a new outlook on the
incident that has occurred would be in order.
The first point worth noting is that the
existence and acceptability of bermuda shorts
is an established fact. They appear in forms
ranging from madras to formal dresswear, and
no longer arouse astounded and questioning
stares on public streetcorners. Their presence
Way Right
JACK ANDERSON, Drew Pearson's fill-
in, reports that Barry Goldwater,
"hustling, bustling" Senator from Arizona,
originally let his name be mentioned for
the Presidency to pressure Nixon into
conservatism. "Conservatives were irritated
by Nixon's liberal leaning on labor and
health issues, so they quietly encouraged
"But human vanity being what it is,
Barry has now begun to take himself
seriously," Anderson concludes.
HUMAN EVENTS being what they are,
it takes more than vanity to win an

is common and acknowledged (or overlooked)
on college campuses throughout the country,
particularly in eastern "ivy" colleges which
are most strongly aware of their responsibility
to mold their charges into refined young ladies.
Most strongly questioned, however, is the
administration's intolerance of any demonstra-
tion or show of feeling on the part of the
student body. The right of citizens, be they
students or otherwise, to petition and assemble
and air their grievances is a fundamental one.
Our nation's colleges and universities have
currently become altogether too sensitive to
this kind of student criticism and expression
of opinion:
American college students have often been
labeled a highly conservative and complacent
lot. It could be the result, in part, of the ad-
ministration's efforts to reduce and obliterate
any expression of reform on the part of the
Our colleges are doing this at a time when
they should be encouraging their students to
take responsible action and leadership. This
situation has made itself startlingly felt at
this university with the quick suppression of
last year's food riots at the girls' dorms and
the immediate suspension of two students as
the result of this spring's food march.
Colleges must not become unresponsive to
or disdainful of collective student expression. A
change in the policy of classroom attire, while
seemingly trite and inconsequential, could
set the trend for student action on far more
significant levels in the future. But, by disre-
garding the freedom of student expression, our
colleges are losing sight of one of their most
important roles, that of encouraging the stu-
dents to take action on their personal convic-
tions. More important than this, they are
jeopardizing their own administrative policies
by being unwilling to accept progressive criti-

'- -- ---... .,.t

Reds Monitored U.S. Plane

step in this direction was suggested
at Wednesday's Council meeting
by Al Haber. In brief, he proposed
three ideas for speeding up the
1) A great deal of "routine busi-
ness" such as calendaring and ap-
proval, committee reports, and ap-
pointments must all be submitted
in written form.
these items prepared in the proper
manner but put on the agenda
will stand as approved.
2) Other items of business to be
considered will only be put on the
agenda if the executive committee
feels they are suficiently pre-
pared. However, as in the first
suggestion, Haber stipulates the
Council may vote to put items on
the agenda if it desires; this of
course is the necessary check on
"railroading" attempts.
3) After 30 minutes of debate
on any subject the Chairman will
automatically introduce a motion
to postpone further consideration
until the next meeting. If the
motion is defeated the chair will
limit further debate to15 minutes.
At the end of the period, the
Council may vote to extend or
postpone debate.
* * *
HABER'S poin s are well taken
for several reasons. First, Council
debate has a tendency to ramble
without apparent need or pur-
pose. The time limit will compel
members to decide whether they
are actually saying anything or if
they need more information.
The proposal on expediting the
routine business is also good. If
there are questions, members can
decide to discuss them; if there
are none, why waste time?
The need for this rule was ap-
parent last night when the Coun-
cil took two hours to get through
officers' reports-the first item on
the agenda - and appointments.
There were valid questions raised
among many unnecessary ones;
but Council members could have
taken the time to ask all their
questions before debate.
* * *
A LAST POINT, which could
not be made a rule, is the need
of members to communicate more
with each other.
"Lobbying" is a much maligned
word, but in the Council's case
it would help to speed up meet-
ings. Members can ask the ques-
tions they want in private, and
having the answers will not need
to waste the Council's time ask-
ing them publicly. This of course
imposes a need for motions to be
formulated ii sufficient time to
permit this private consideration.
In sum, work is being done to
speed up Council meetings. This
is good. Council debate will rarely
be brilliant, but neither should
it be bad.

[F "DAVID and Bathsheba" was
intended to be a swift paced
spoof of biblical epics, then one
could consider this current re-re-
lease to be an altogether charm-
ing lampoon. But, this was not
20th Century Fox's purpose, and
it is this which distressed me so
greatly all the while I was chor-
tling through this mad little spec-
tacle vaguely suggested by the Old
No one should really laugh or
for that part even mildly chuckle
during the solemn Twenty-third
Psalm. But the Darryl F. Zanvey
treatment accorded it on David's
"heavenly" harp makes the se-
quence almost as funny as a Mack
Sennett Keystone Cops chase.
THE ACTING-well give Susan
Hayward credit for looking quite
lovely in her biblical drapes, and
Gregory Peck for not appearing in
all the scenes. Both were most ap-
preciated when they were far out
of camera range.
Unfortunately the color wasn't
as colorful as most technicolor
biblical numbers go. Occasionally.
the colors ran but for the most
part this was quite fortunate as
it more than adequately camou-
flaged the red faces the poor screen
guild actors must have had.
As for the screenplay by Philip
Dunne it is questionable whether
Mr. Dunne will ever really be able
to atone adequately for his ex-
cessively sinful scenario. Alfred
Newman's music is not distin-
guished, but it is loud and should
prove a great benefit to elderly
ladies caught with dead batteries
in their hearing aids.
* * *
kindly provided for an intermission
after each showing. This gives
ample chance for airing the thea-
tre out and for giving the viewer
an opportunity. to catch his breath
after viewing the slaying of Go-
liath - yes, Virginia, it is that
In short, "David and Bathsheba"
is due penitence for those who
have traversed the wayward paths
but hardly fitting for innocent
college fledglings on the brink of
final exams.
-Marc Alan Zagoren
New Books at Library
"Miss Read"--Thrush Green;
Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co.,
Molland, Einar - Christendom;
NY, Philosophical, 1960.

Spying as a Business

IN T.HE WHIRL of incidents following the
capture of the spy plane the Administration
has ventured, perhaps the right word for it
would be stumbled, into an untenable policy
which is entirely unprecedented in internation-
al affairs. Our position now seems to be that
because it is so difficult to collect information
inside the Soviet Union, it will henceforth be
our avowed policy to fly over Soviet territory,
using the territory of our allies as bases.
Although the intention here is to be candid
and honest and also to make the best of a
piece of very bad luck, the new policy-which
seems to have been improvised between Satur-
day and Monday-is quite unworkable.
To avow that we intend to violate Soviet
sovereignty is to put everybody on the spot. It
makes it impossible for the Soviet government
to play down this particular incident because
now it is challenged openly in the face of the
whole world. It is compelled to react because
no nation can remain passive when it is the
avowed policy of another nation to intrude
upon its territory. The avowal of such a policy
is an open invitation to the Soviet government
to take the case to the United Nations, where
our best friends will be grievously embarrassed.
The avowal is also a challenge to the Soviet
Union to put pressure on Pakistan, Turkey, Nor-
way, Japan, and any other country which has
usable bases. Our allies are put on the spot
because they must either violate international
lav, or disavow the United States.
Because the challenge has been made openly,
it is almost impossible to deal with this par-
ticular incident by quiet diplomacy.
TfHEREADER will, I hope, have noticed that
my criticism is that we have made these
overflights an avowed policy. What is unprece-
dented about the avowal is not the spying as
such but the claim that spying, when we do it,

versal Practice. Everybody does it as best he
can. But it is illegal in all countries, and the
spy if caught is subject to the severest punish-
ment. When the spying involves intrusion across
frontiers by military aircraft, it is also against
international law. Because spying Is illegal, its
methods are often immoral and criminal. Its
methods include bribery, blackmail, perjury,
forgery, murder and suicide.
The spy business cannot be conducted with-
out illegal, immoral and criminal activities. But
all great powers are engaged in the spy business,
and as long as the world is as warlike as it has
been in all recorded history there is no way of
doing without spying.
All the powers know this and all have ac-
cepted the situation as one of the hard facts of
life. Around this situation there has developed
over many generations a code of behavior. The
spying is never avowed and therefore the gov-
ernment never acknowledges responsibility for
its own clandestine activities. If its agent is
caught, the agent is expected to kill himself. In
any event he is abandoned to the mercies of
the government that he has spied upon.
The spying is never admitted. If it can be
covered successfully by a lie, the lie is told.
ALL THIS IS not a pretty business, and there
is no way of prettifying it or transforming it
into something highly moral and wonderful.
The cardinal rule, which makes spying toler-
able in international relations, is that it is
never avowed. For that reason it is never de-
fended, and therefore the aggrieved country
makes only as much of a fuss about a particular
incident as it can make or as it chooses to make.
We should have abided by that rule. When
Mr. K. made his first announcement about the
plane, no lies should have been told. The Ad-
ministration should have said that It was in-
vestigating the charge and would then take
suitable action. We should then have main-

(EDITOR'S NOTE: While Drew
Pearson is en route to the summit
conference his associate, Jack And-
erson. is covering the Washington
WASHINGTON - The terse
radio exchanges between the
Russian pilots who shot down an
American spy plane over Sverd-
lovsk 1,200 miles inside Russia
were picked up by supersensitive
listening devices in Turkey, it has
now been learned.
The last words that crackled
over the radio were one pilot's ex-
cited shout: "He's turning left!"
Then silence.
Despite the great distance, the
Red fliers' conversation was over-
heard distinctly through monitor-
ing equipment which Uncle Sam
uses to keep an ear to the ground
along the Soviet border.
From official reports that no
longer can be considered secret,
this column has pieced together
the story of Francis Powers' flight
into Premier Nikita Khrushchev's
Powers was on the lookout for
a space spectacular which the
Russians had hinted they might
attempt on May Day. His course
took him over the missile center
from which they were expected
perhaps to launch a man into
space. As it turned out. Powers
provided the May Day spectacu-
was lured into a trap which the
Russians had baited with their
May Day hints. But although
Uncle Sam was curious over what
the Russians might be up to, sur-
veillance of the missile center was
only a small part of his assign-
ment. He was supposed to com-
plete a photo-reconnaissance mis-
sion through the heart ofdRussia
from the Pakistan border to
Sverdlovsk, then left over Mur-
mansk to the Norwegian air base
at Bude.
The weather determined the
course and timing of his mission
more than the Soviets' May Day
plans. The upper altitude had to
be free of moisture, so his high-
soaring jet plane wouldn't leave
vapor trail. He also wanted to
avoid clouds which might obscure
his camera's vision.
Conclusion: it is unlikely the
Russians had any advance warn-
ing of his coming, though their
vigil may have been sharper than
usual on May Day,
Powers posed as a civilian pilot
flying weather reconnaissance
missions for the National Aero-
nautics and Space Administration
out of Adana, Turkey. Not even
his wife was permitted to know of
his true work.
He took off from Adana, as
Khrushchev reported, on April 27.
He stayed at Peshwar, Pakistan,
until the weather was right for his
daring mission.
HIS ORDERS did not call for
him to commit suicide in order to
avoid capture. In fact, he carried
a survival kit which was supposed
to help him keep alive in case of

Selections Fresh but Unexciting

ers were not unduly alarmed. A
U-2 spy plane had been spotted
once before over Russia, but on
its lofty course it had kept out of
Soviet reach and had fled home
safely. '
The Soviets have planes which
can soar far above 75,000 feet, but
they can't maneuver at the same
level as the light, gliderlike U-2.
The Russian shout "he's turn-
ing left!" indicated Powers was
calmly following his prescribed
flight which called for a left swing
over Sverdlovsk.
What happened thereafter can
only be conjectured. Khrushchev's
statement suggests a rocket frag-
ment may have crippled Power's
plane. Or the motor may have
stalled, forcing him to dive below
40,000 feet to 'start it again. The
first Russian report claimed he
was bagged around 30,000 feet.
* * *
THE NEWS that Powers might
be down in Russia was flashed im-
mediately to Washington. Only
the topmost officials knew what
Powers was doing over Russia.
They got together last Sunday for
a frantic, hush-hush conference.
The state department representa-
tive wanted to fabricate the story
that Powers had reported an oxy-
gen failure on a weather flight
over Lake Van, Turkey. The de-

fense department argued it was
senseless to deny what Khrush-
chev probably would be able to
The decision was referred to the
White House which approved the
state department plan. Whether
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
was personally consulted isn't
known. Certainly he should have
In a desperate attempt to make
the phony story stick, a report of
an oxygen failure over Lake Van
was circulated through normal
channels, and search planes were
sent from Adana to comb the lake
area for the missing plane.
Not until Khrushchev revealed
Russia had captured Powers com-
plete with his survival kit and
espionage equipment did Secretary
of State Christian Herter decide
it would be better to confess the
truth before matters got any
Note: Powers is only one of two
dozen unsung pilots who have
been making regular sneak flights
into Russia. Surprisingly few have
been detected, which should de-
flate Khrushchev's boasts of So-
viety Invulnerability. The U-2's
infrared cameras can sweep vast
areas yet focus on objects as small
as a man's wrist watch.

Lippincott Company,. Philadel-
phia, 1960, $1.45.
THE LITERARY effort, "New
World Writing," has undergone
a rebirth this spring. Revived by
the J. B. Lippincott Company
after its death a year ago, it is
being presented with a more arty
format at twice the price.
Promising to keep past stand-
ards in mind with exceptions made
for editorial taste, the new editors
dedicate their publication to "that
which is new in literature." They
wish to "convey a true sense of
literary excitement" by empha-
sizing unknowns and first ap-
There is actually only one first
appearance. Most of the fiction is
written by authors in their young
twenties while the poetry and
criticism is taken from those
older. As for literary excitement,
few of the pieces incorporate
modern innovations and these are
not the best.
Death is the subject of the two
best fictional efforts.
Tillie Olsen is a tough-to-read,
depressing story of an old wom-
an's' death. Cancer-ridden and
emptied of love for her family, she
desires tranquility and solitude.
Death approaches, at first insidi-
ously, "No incidents-except that
there had been no incidents";
later violently in semi-surrealistic

compromise with ideals. And as
her body, pained and decaying,
nears death, her spirit is return-
ing to its source.
* * *
"A PENNY for the Ferryman"
by John F. Gilgun, is less an ex-
amination of death than a be-
wildered statement of the spiritual
drain of meaningless rebellion.
With a father like Eugene Gant's
father, and a talented brother
that gives up just as he ap-
proaches maturity, the narrator
has only this to say: "He's (the
brother) seen things that I will
never see . . . and known pain
that I will never know."
story is a very short parable, "The
Listener," by John Berry. In it a
nondescript violinist fiddles for
an ancient lighthouse keeper who
has never heard music before.
Of all the fiction, the most en-
tertaining was "Low-lands" by
Thomas Pynchon. It presented a
curious blend of return-to-the-
womb wishes and Zen. A flight
from wife and responsibility leads
to the boudoir of a subterranean
nymphet and a beatnik "Eve of
St. Agnes" results.
* * *
ALMOST AS entertaining is
Leslie Garret's gallery of "Three
Lonely Men"-two outsiders and
an alcoholoic living in New Or-
leans' Pirate Alley. Except for the
author's tiresome effort to drama-

The ending ignores
question it may have
should have appeared

any moral
raised and
in Playboy.

f DIANA BUTLER, a twenty-four
year old poet-scholar, took Lionel
Trilling's suggestion concerning
Lolita that "some really rigorous
close-reader of fiction tell us what
an entomological novelist wants
us to do with the fact that nymph
is the name for the young of an
insect without complete metamor-
According to her, Nabokov wants
moments of ecstacy most of all,
and he "finds such moments in
art, in capturing butterflies, and
in intricate games of deception."
Moreover, Nabokov has made the
first known capture of the female
Lycaeides Sublivens.
She goes on to say that behind
the story of Lolita is the interplay
of those three skills practiced by
Nabokov in his search for ecstasy.
Hubert Humbert's pursuit and
capture of Lo, with his eventual
awakening, is the narrative form
of Nabokov's pursuit and capture
of the rare butterfly, with the
resulting regret at its death.
Diana Butler's statement of in-
tentions evokes a smile, but she
has gathered enough information
to be convincing.
OF THE POETRY, the mystic
"A Season in Paradise" is an am-
bitious if not convincing effort
to show the symbols common to
all religions that point to com-

some bf the poetry was elusive.
But the total presentation was en-
tertaining, and though this may
not be pretentious enough for an
avant garde selection, it is some-
thing of an accomplishment.
--Thomas Brien
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, MAY 13, 190
VOL. LXX, No. 160
General Notices
Undergraduate Honors Convocation.
The annual Convocation recognition
undergraduate honor students will be
held at 11 a.m. Fri., May 13, in Hill
Aud. Dr. Howard Hanson, Director of
the Eastman School of Music of The
University of Rochester, will speak on
"The Creative Arts in the Space Age."
Honor students will be excused from
attending 10 a.m. classes. All classes,
except clinics and graduate seminars,
will be dismissed at 10:45. However,
seniors may be excused from clinics
and seminars.
Honor students will not wear caps
and gowns, Main floor seats, reserved
for them and their families, will be
held until 10:45. Doors of the Aud. open



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