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May 11, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-05-11

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mirigan at
Seventieth Year

Nben Opinions Are Free
Truth Wm Preval"

'Happy Birthday' Pays
Happy Dividends
"HAPPY BIRTHDAY" provided a happy opening to the twenty-fifth
annual Drama Season last night.
Tears were threatening during the last five minutes, but these, of
course, were merely intended to underline the final happiness achieved
by Addie Bemis during her one night stand in the Jersey Mecca Cock-
tail Bar.
Except for the opening minutes, the story stepped along through
the first act and through most of the second. It lagged somewhat
seriously when Addie reached the height of her bender and again when

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

ESDAY. MAY 11, 1960


The President and the World:
The Lame Duck Goes Lame

IN THIS election year, the eyes of the nation
and the world are sharply focused on the
In an earnest appeal to Congress last week,
President Eisenhower expressed concern that
"too great a preoccupation with events of an
election year could seriously impede construc-
tive effort..
"We shopld jointly resolve that the shortness
of time and political rivalries will not be al-
lowed to prevent us from serving the American
people effectively," he declared.
ACCORDING to the Associated Press, Demo-
cratic reaction to his message was to cry
In the light of some of Ike's subsequent
Appease, Please
IN THE Political Issues Club mailing, a
request for picket volunteers concluded
with the following sentence:
"Please wear clothing that will appease
the 'middle class norms' of the Ann Arbor
citizen, i.e. dress or skirt for girls, white
shirt for the men."
Now who's being a bigot?

innuendoes-he says "if" regarding his pro-
posed trip to Russia in June; he may return
to Washington during the course of the sum-
mit talks, leaving Nixon to fill in for him at
Geneva-the opposition seems entitled to their
But if the President is playing politics, his
game is getting rusty.
Khrushchev remarks that sending Nixon to
carry on negotiations at the summit "would be,
as we say in Russia, like sending a goat to
take care of the cabbage."
IN A BRILLIANT parrying maneuver, Eisen-
hower took direct aim at Khrushchev over
West Berlin. Threatening that the summit con-
ference would not materialize if Khrushchev
insisted on reimposing last year's ultimatum on
the city's status, Ike Ignored Nikita's conspic-
uous-and significant-silence on the subject.
Climaxing a newsworthy week's events, Ike
tried for a double-header. His announcement
that underground atomic testing will be re-
sumed was timed to coincide with his fatherly
move to absolve pilot Francis Powers - and
himself - of any implication in the Soviet
capture of the spy and his United States plane.
If this is politics, perhaps Ike's "constructive
efforts" are being "seriously impeded"-but not
by the opposition.

A Fall Before the Suinit

MAY DAY DEMONSTRATORS-Socialists, young and old, filed past Vienna's City Hall during the
annual May Day celebration. The crowd of 200,000 strong carried signs asking for more rights for the
labor forces. Opposing them in ideology, 10,000 Communists also took part in the Vienna parades.
Youth Show Inter n 'atio l Spirit

she dragged in her sad story and
prepared to give up the party.
play lagged, at those two points
where Addie Bemis most closely
reached the truth of her situa-
tion. When, she is plastered, and
making friends and men are
noticing her for once, she bubbles
(never burbling or slurring) with
excitement and fun. But the bar-
tender answers, that all the wo-
men in bars are dogs and men
come only to. be shown some sport.
She ignores his cynicism by
spending her meager savings on
a birthday party for a newly-
attained friend.
She has faced this all her life
and as she prepares to leave her
night of joy, she again faces it.
Love has entered her life, how-
ever, and because she is not really
a bar fly, the joy experienced can-
not be blemished by the fact of
her being' drunk when it entered.
* * *
ANYWAY, IT WAS a comedy
and these concerns are secondary.
The performance of the cast ex-
cellently covered for any flaw in
the story. Ann, Davis was, near
perfectas a homely librarian
growing older and fatter and who
has "stayed on the water wagon"
Larry Hagman was equally as
finished as a professionally polite,
nervous, bespectacled bank clerk
chasing "tarts" but secretly long-
ing for a faithful wife and family.
At least half the laughs must be
credited to the two absolutely de-
lightful old women, Dorthy Sands
and Edna Preston, looking for
kicks after watching Jayne Mans-
field perform .at the local theatre.
Lifetime tavern clientelle, they
know all the tricks and epcourage
Addie to give her secr'et love "the
* * *
THEIR JOKES are necessarily
taken from the crude, lower class
humor of their type, but the
cracks are never dull. When Addie.
confesses 'Paul Bishop is not her
lover, one answers, "If you don't
like it, don't knock it."
Many of the remarks are old or
even corny but given a twist in the
context of the play. When one of
the old bags mistakenly addresses
Paul as Mr. Pope, he answers,
"You've promoted me. I'm Mr.
The other characters were up
to the performance of the two
leads. Ethel Britton as the middle-
aged tavern owner, as cross as
necessary but understanding her
regular customers. Michael Lewis
as the dumb bartender was vague-
ly reminiscent of Art Carney.
Lurking behind the scenes is
Addie's violent father, out to
throttle his daughter's lover; not
to protect her, but because she is
such a mouse that she has driven
him to drink, and now seems to be
as good a time as any. He appears
and provides violence and tears,
catharsis and denuoument, just
as the curtain falls.
-Thomas Brien

SENATOR Jack Kennedy has
complained that religion has
been unfairly injected into the
Presidential campaign and that
no one has a right to question
where he goes to church on Sun-
He is certainly right on the lat-
ter point. But on the first point,
religion was first injected into the
campaign one year ago this month
when the Catholic press unloosed
a storm of criticism against Ken-
nedy for his Look magazine ar-
ticle explaining his views on the
separation ofnchurch and state.
The criticism was so vigorous
that Commonweal, the liberal
Catholic weekly, came to Ken-
nedy's defense with an article by
John Cogley.
"To us," wrote Commonweal,
Mar. 20, 1959, "many of thenne-
marks about Senator Kennedy
that have appeared in the Catho-
'lie press seem to have passed the
legitimate limits of editorial com-
* * *
organs sounded more critical of
Kennedy than some of the Prot-
estant critics in West Virginia
whom the senator recently com-
plained about.
America, WMeekly Review of the
Jesuits, wrote, "We are somewhat
taken aback by the unvarnished
statement that 'whatever one's
religion in his private life . .
nothing takes precedence over his
oath.' Mr. Kennedy really doesn't
believe that. No religious man, be
he Catholic, Protestant, or Jew,
holds such opinion. A man's con-
science has a bearing on his public
life as well as his private life."
* * *
Davenport, Ia., Donald McDonald
wrote: "I don't see why the sena-
tor feels it necessary to go to the
other extreme and interpret the
first amendment to mean strict
separation of church and state
* . . The only meaning we can.
place on his language at this
moment is that he is in favor of
absolute separation.... It is un-
pleasant to see a Catholic senator
in the awkward position of bend-
ing over backward as he tries to
'prove' his loyalty to the American
St. Joseph Register of Kansas
City, in an article signed by Rob-
ert Hoyt, accused Kennedy of
"groveling" when he subordinates
his religious faith "to the require-
ments of political office."
"The objection to Kennedy's
statement is that it simply ignores
the complexity of the issue.
(Copyright 1960, by the Ben Syndicate)

Tst IS GRATIFYING to learn that the United
States, the land of freedom and justice,
actually has spies.
Spying is a dangerous undertaking. If it is
successful and revealed years after the fact,
it makes great adventure reading and shows
daring political gambits. But If the spy is
caught, he is usually shot and opinion turns
against the employing nation. The American
peek-a-boo flights over the Soviet Union was
caught in mid-air by an anti-jet missile.
International politics is a game of bluff
and counter bluff. However, the flying of a jet
well inside Soviet territory is a deadly one.
TH E WORLD is concerned that an accident
might start a nuclear war. If a Soviet jet
happened to fly off course over Alaska and was
heading south, what would the peace and jus-
tice loving Americans in the Pentagon do?
They would naturally send up some Nike-Zeus
(or is Hercules stronger?). The results of this

hypothetical flight could lead to a war.
But the United States seemed willing to
risk the world to see Vhat goes on inside
Russia from twelve miles up. The Soviet Union
apparently (we're really not sure) knew of
these American flights over the Russo-Turkish
border and beyond. They calmly waited until a
key political time (the summit conference is
next week) to shoot down one of these Ameri-
can trespassers. Would the Untied States play
such a waiting game with the Russian jet?
AFTER THE Russians shot down the Ameri-
can jet, the United States hastily con-
cocted a tale of the poor innocent weather-
science plane. The men in Washington thought
that the Russians were out to bluff the United
States into revealing something top secret.
The Central Intelligence Agency did not show
our hand prematurely, but when the Russians
said, "call," our kings became knaves.

Special to The Daily
VIENNA - The streets of this
normally staid and conserva-
tive city glowed with vigor may
Day Eve as the people of Vienna
turned out to usher in the inter-
national labor day. -
In European capitals the form
of festivity may have differed, but
the basic context was the same.
In Austria, the youth furnished
the holiday's premier.
With torches in hand, the stu-
dents of Vienna assembled near
the grandiose State Opera House,
and from there the throngs wove
their way through the streets of
the city's heart until they reached
the City Hall.
*. a
ALONG THE WAY they shouted
in unison the aims of Socialism.
"Freedom for Africa," they cried
repeatedly. "Give the blacks equal
rights," "Down with all racism."
And finally came the fost ringing

nazism" . . "Fascists go back to
Lining the streets were Vienna's
adults, some socialists, some con-
servatives, and others from the
10 per cent of the city's Fascist
In front of Europe's most im-
pressive city hall sat the nations
dignitaries. An emotion-filled
German-speaking voice rang out
through a loudspeaker system with
socialist slogans and the platform
of the Party.
YET SOMt American observers
feared that such political zeal
could again turn the "City of
Dreams" into a city of nightmares.
, "Emotionalism just shouldn't be
linked with politics," one Calif-
ornia student complained. "These
are the same people who marched
for Hitler and they'd march for
anybody-just give them a slogan
to shout and play some stirring
Among Austrian students, there
was a conspicuous lack of nation-
alism. "We're internationalists,"
a young socialist explained. "First
we're concerned with Europe and
then with the entire world.
"But we're not Communists,"
added another. "We don't bother
to denounce them because there

aren't enough of them in Vienna
to make it worthwhile.
"Tomorrow they will march, but
when they get to the Parliament
building they will have to keep
circling around, each reappearing
many times, to appear to be great-
er in number. Plus, many are paid
50 schillings ($2.00) and sausages
to march . .. we can only laugh
at them."
* * *
"AMERICANS have difficulty
understanding that there is a shap
difference between socialists and
communists," a University of Vi-
enna socialist continued. "We're
not Marxists, and we are as anti-
Russian as most conservatives.
"Our goal is state ownership of
only the basic industries-as is
the case in Norway or Sweden,
not complete collectivism of pri-
vate property."
Finally, after several hours had
passed, the last cheering group of
youth assembled in front of the
huge "Rathaus." Two majestic
fountains were sending a tower of
foaming water into the air on
either side of the long column of
demonstrators; fireworks streamed
above, and the crowd sang the
song of the United Nations.
No one heard a National An-
them . . . there was none played.

Incident May Hurt Talks

cheer to all, "Down with


IN THE MUDDLE and mess of the affair of the
spy plane there is one critical question of par-
ticular urgency and importance which needs to
be dealt with. This is the official statement
made with the President's approval that "it has
been established that insofar as the authorities
in Washington are concerned there was no
authorization for such flight as described by
Mr. Khrushchev." If this is true, then the com-
mand of very dangerous military missions is
not securely and unquestionably in the hands
of the responsible authorities in Washington--
the hands, that is to say, of the President, the
Secretary of State, the Chiefs of Staff, and
the Director of Central Intelligence.
Who, then, has the authority? If the author-
ity to order a deep penetration of Soviet terri-
tory with a'military reconnaissance plane is in
some headquarters command not in Washing-
ton, how do we know, how does the world
know, that the authority to strike a blow is
not also outside of Washington?
In denying that it authorized the flight, the
Administration has entered a plea of incompe-
tence. For there can be no acceptable excuse for
an unauthorized flight of this kind. The Presi-
dent cannot afford to let the question of where
the responsibility to authorize such flights re-
sides go by without an unequivocal answer. By
word and by deed he must remove all doubt
that the authority to command in these dan-
gerous matters is in Washington and no where
else. The honor, the self-respect and the self-
confidence of the country demand it.
0 INc1;zwn 3a11g
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
JIM BENAGH....................Sports Editor
PETER DAWSON .,.......... Associate City Editor
CHARLES KOZOLL ..............et rsonnei Director
JOAN KAATZ .......:, .... Magazine Editor
BATON HUTHWAITE .. Associate Editorial Director
FRED KATZ ................ Associate Sports Editor
DAVE LYON ................ Associate Sports Editor
JO HARDEE .......................Contributing Editor

ALTHOUGH it is no doubt true that the
President did not himself authorize this par-
ticular flight, it is no doubt true also that he
knew such flights were being made. The general
public was perhaps surprised to hear about
them. But for the Russians and for others
among us there was no surprise at all.
Why, then, knowing that such flights were
being made, did the President fail to realize the
risks of continuing them right up to the meet-
ing at the summit? Is it because he was not
paying sufficient attention? Is it because his
closet advisors were not paying sufficient at-
tention? It looks like that. It seems as if the
country has been humiliated by absentminded-
ness in the highest quarters of government.
There is nothing shocking or novel, of course,
in the disclosure that we have been spying on
the Russians. They have been spying on us.
Spying is in its very nature a dirty business,
outside the law and outside the moral code. The
only crime recognized in the spy business is to
be caught, although this crime can be com-
pounded by lying about it and then being
caught in the lie itself.
In this affair, there is on the record as we
know it serious prima-facie evidence, not of
unusual immorality but, of inefficiency. Why
did not the President forbid all such flights
when the summit meeting was agreed to? It is
not enough to say that he did not authorize this
flight. Why did he not forbid it?
THERE IS no reason to suspect, also, that
whoever did authorize the flight and was
responsible for preparing it was unaware that
the Russians had developed a missile capable
of knocking the plane down. The equipment
carried by the pilot, the Soviet money and the
poison needle, suggests that he was prepared
for a forced landing through engine trouble
perhaps, after which he would work his way
across country, or failing that and having been
caught, would commit suicide.
What the pilot was not prepared for was
to have his plane disabled by a Russian missile.
For this meant that the Russians had him
spotted. Under these circumstances once his
plane had been hit, his money and his poison

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsihility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
lug, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LXX, No. 164
Undergraduate Honors Convocation.
The animual Convocation recognizing
undergraduate honor students will be
held at 11 a.nm. Fri., May 13, in Hill
Aud. Dr. Howard Hanson, Director of
the Eastman School of Music of The
University of Rochester, will speak on
"The Creative Arts in the Space Age."
Honor stutdents will be excused from
attending 10 a.m. classes. All clw ses,
except clinics and graduate seminars,
will be dismissed at 10:45. However,
seniors may be excused from clinics
and seminars.
Honor students will not; wear caps
and gowns. Main floor seats, reserved
for them and their families, will be held
until 10:45. Doors of the Aud. open at
10:30. The public is invited.
Attention June Graduates:Order
Caps and Gowns now at Moe's Sport
Shops, 711 North University.
General Notices
Students preparing to teach are re-
quired to complete the following be-
fore May 15: 1) Complete transfer to
School of Education if that is the plan,
(Admissions Office). 2) Complete appli-
cation for teacher's certificate in Room
1439 UES if a junior in any school or
college from which certificates are
recommended. 3) See coordinators for
student teaching if assignments are
desired for 1960-61. These steps are nec-
essary if a student is to be assured of
a student teaching assignment in 1960-
The Pan Macedonian Association an-
nounces fellowship for 1960-61 for study
at the University of Thessaloniki,
Greece. The grant covers tuition and
living expenses. Sugvested fields in-
clude Anthropology, Archeology. Greek
History, Political Theory. Art, Econom-
ics. Sociology, Humanities, Business Ad-
ministration, or the Applied Sciences.

Students Express Disappointment

To the Editor:
only newspaper read by most
Michigan students. As a local
sheet it serves admirably to inform
students and faculty of events in
the Ann Arbor and University
communities. We realize that The
Daily staff concentrates its efforts
to maintain high journalistic stan-
dards-i.e., on-the-spot coverage
and othodox layout.
These efforts, however, may be
a little overconcentrated on a day
when "MDs Win Harry Inner
Tube" sits on the front page while
"U.S. Admits Jet's Flight over
Russia as Charged" is resigned to
the second front page. Granted
the type is very bold. But the sec-
ond front page, like second child-
hood, is never quite the same.
Because of the information
monopoly which it enjoys, The
Daily is obliged to place vital news
where it cannot escape the eye.
Sunday's paper is a flagrant ex-
ample of poor news judgement. A
week before the summit confer-
ence, it would not be an overin-
dulgence to place two items of
world significance on the front
page. The article on resumed nu-
clear testing and the one on the
spying pilot both pertain to our
future - or lack of same. Both
should have greeted us in the
Although Associated Press copy
is not very glamorous neither is

To the Editor:
being of all purposes
eager to see
mr cummings etcetera
bought tickets
at eight
on monday morning
we love you, union and english dept
our faces lit up
we were happy
we sat in row c
we love you, union and english dept
we came
and asked who sat onstage
only to find ourselves
studying the
wrinkles on
cumming's neck etcetera
his voice
drowned out
wh ere and nowhe
we love you, union and english dept
during the second half,
unless statistics
not a soul was left
behind mr cummings
studying the
wrinkles on
his neck etcetera

To the Editor:
IT WAS with great disappoint-
ment that I read the comments
of reviewer David Sutherland on
Jean Sibelius' Seventh Symphony
performed by the Philadelphia Or-
chestra Saturday evening. That
Mr. Sutherland could dismiss this
masterpiece as "aimless" indicates
his grievous unfamiliarity with the
works of one of the greatest
symphonists of this century.
Apparently Mr. Sutherland is
unable to see form in anything but
a Mozartean sonata - allegro.
Granted, it is not always easy to
grasp Sibelius' intent on the first
hearing, but it must be remem-
bered that the Finnish composer
was not content with the tradi-
tional symphonic form. Beginning
with brief theme - fragments he
gradually pieced them together,
like a mosaic, into a structure
of impressive unity and coherence.
* * *
CONSIDER the subject first
presented as a trombone solo near
the beginning of the symphony.
Initially, this is a rather short
episode given but once and then
dropped for a while. This theme,
enriched by additional material
derived from the opening wood-
wind passages, reappears at
greater length near the middle of
the work. Finally, fully trans-
formed into a mighty hymn, the

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