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April 19, 1960 - Image 1

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CHALLENGE:
NOW A REALITY
See Page 4

t ujau
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom~

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FAIR AND COLD
High--O
Low-32
Light variable winds in the
morning, warmer in Afternoon.

ANN AR....... MI .-I"......r .. rcr...v nn, ~r . lo loa -FVECE T

m m..N.

SIX I

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AYKIL 19, It1M

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.. . Ne V T. f AIM

Vol LXX, No 187

ANTI-SITDOWN LAW:
Rule Called Unconstitutional

By The Associated Press
A new Georgia act aimed specifi-
cally at sitdown demonstrations
was attacked for the first time yes-
terday as an unconstitutional dis-
play of racial discrimination under
cover of law.
The legal maneuver in one of
the deep South's segregation
strongholds came on a day marked
by several unusual developments
in the Negro campaign against
segregated lunch counters, now in
its eleventh week. -
Two Primary
Camp ains
Approaching
By The Associated Press

n
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d
b.
I
zi

NEWARK - United States Sen.c
Clifford P. Case (R-N.J.) faces a
strong conservative challenge in
New Jersey's primary election to-a
day.
Case, one of the GOP's liberals, b
is opposed by Robert Morris, form-v
er counsel for the United Statesy
Senate Internal Security Subcom-
mittee.t
Also to be decided is the Demo-.
cratic Senate nomination, a one-t
sided affair; Congressional nomi-
nations in all 14 districts; delega-s
tions to the national party con-e
ventions; nominees for local andt
county offices; and composition of
local party committees.t
Over the weekend a group ofa
officials in the Eisenhower ad-f
ministration announced supporta
for Case.
Wins Support
During his campaign, Morris
won support from several GOPj
leaders, including two former.
United States senators and the5
party's former national chairman,
Guy G. Gabrielson.
Most GOP leaders still rate Case
as the favorite to win the nomina-
tion, but they say Morris has comel
on to make a much stronger bid
than originally expected.
Some of the Republicans have
said a Morris upset victory could
steer the GOP's national campaign
on a more conservative course, for
New Jersey in 1956 produced one
of the heaviest pluralities in the
nation for President Eisenhower.
The Democratic Senate primary
finds Thorn Lord, head of the
party's Mercer County organiza-
tion and running with the state
party's support, rated a top-heavy
favorite to defeat Richard M.
Glassner, a Newark lawyer mak-
ing his first bid for public office.
Kennedy Speaks
And in the West Virginia presi-
dential primary Sen. John F. Ken-
nedy began bringing up religion
on his own instead of waiting for
others to ask about it.
The change in tactics, Kennedy
told newsmen on his campaign
bus, stemmed from his recognition
that his Roman Catholicism is
"quite obviously hanging in every-
body's mind."
He said what he has said re-
peatedly before:
That he firmly believes in the
Constitution, which decrees sepa-
ration of church and state and
forbids religious tests for public
office.
That his religion would not in-
terefere with fulfilling the oath
of the President any more than
it interfered with his oath as a
Navy officer, a member of the
House of Representatives and now
as a member of the United States
Senate.
Kennedy singled out West Vir-
ginia's poor economic wealth as
"the issue in this campaign, not
where I go to church on Sunday"
in starting his three-day tour of
West Virginia this morning in
Clarksburg.
Cutler Seeking
Permssion
To Enter Race
A committee has been formed
to support Prof. Richard L. Cutler
of the psychology department as a
candidate for the state Legisla-
ture.
Cutler Is presently petitioning
the Regents for permission to seek
office as a Democrat.
l rs. Marjorie Lansing, Wash-

Former President Harry S. Tru-
man told newsmen at Ithaca, N.Y.,
he wouldn't be surprised if the sit-
lowns in the South were inspired
by Communists.
Hold Prayer Session.
Seven Negro ministers staged a
silent prayer session on a safety
zone at an intersection in down-
town Chattanooga, Tenn.
A Negro doctor reported he was
arrested for swimming in the Gulf
of Mexico at Biloxi, Miss., near a
swank hotel.
A University of Minnesota white
student was fined $25 for running
a red light at Nashville, Tenn., an
action which apparently ended the
Southern advance of the student
"motorcade for civil rights."
Georgia's 1960 no-trespass law
was attacked in a petition asking
Fulton Superior Court to review
the case of a 16-year-old Birming-
ham, Ala., Negro arrested during
mass sitdowns at nine Atlanta
cafeterias March 15.
Name Withheld
The youth, whose name was
withheld under Georgia juvenile
law, was designated a delinquent
by juvenile court Judge W. W.
Woolfolk and directed to serve a
year on probation at his home.
His attorneys claimed the sen-
tence prevented the Morehouse
College freshman from returning
to school until next year.
They argued it was based on a
statute contrary to the due pro-
cess and equal protection guaran-
tees of the Constitution.
The Georgia law fixed penalties
up to 18 months Imprisonment
and a $1,000 fine for any person
for failing to leave private property
after being asked to do so.
Speaks at Conference
Truman spoke out on sitdowns
during a news conference at Corn-
well University. He said he is
"against the Southern students
shutting up a man's place of busi-
ness," but on the other hand he
does not believe a businessman

should "bar anyone from his place
of business."
Later asked if he tought sit-
downs in the South were Com-
munist-inspired, Truman replied:
"I wouldn't be surprised."
In Knoxville, Tenn., seventeen
Negroes seeking admission to white
schools rejected the school board's
gradual integration proposal. They
olaimed, among other things, that
it failed to provide for elimination
of school segregation "with all
deliberate speed."
Negro youth in Little Rock, Ark.,
picketed two downtown depart-
ment stores for a second day. No
arrests were reported.
And in Chattanooga, Tenn., in
addition to the prayer session by
ministers, two groups of Negroes
staged brief sit-ins at two variety
stores.
Forand Bill
Criticized
By Rayburn
By STUART DOW
House Speaker Sam Rayburn
said yesterday that he has never
endorsed the Forand Bill to pro-
vide medical aid for the aged.
"I am opposed to the Forand
plan," he said. The bill is spon-
sored by Rep. Aime J. Forand (D-
RD, and would put medical care
for the aged under the social
security program. It would finance
the plan through an increase in
social security taxes.
Rayburn does hope, however,
that after consultation with the
House Ways and Means commit-
tee, a bill will come forth which
will bring some relief for the aged
without being socialized medicine.
"If we do anything at all," Ray-
burn said, "we'll do it through the
social security approach."
"I feel Mr. Rayburn's sugges-
tions are entirely feasible," Prof.
Wilbur J. Cohen of the School of
Social Work said, "and the social
security method is the only prac-
tical and realistic approach to
the problem.
"After all, this method of fin-
ancing medical care for the aged
is no different than Blue Cross or
Blue Shield in principle. It is not
socialized medicine, for it does
not interfere with the practice of
medical care. It is just a method
of financing it."
"I also feel that any bill which
comes out of the House Ways and
Means committee will bear the
name of Chairman Wilbur D.
Mills," Prof. Cohen said, "and will
have considered variations of Mr
Forand's bill on the basis of Mr
Rayburns suggestions.
"I expect the bill will also con-
tain some broadening of the cov-
erage of social security, to include
many groups not already covered
under the present system.
"I also hope for amendments to
improve Social Security benefits
primarily relating to benefits for
widows with children, and an im-
provement in the method of fi-
nancing unemployment insur-
ance," he concluded.

Stage Walk
As Protest
To H-Bomb
LONDON (P)-A vast army of
peace marchers ranging from
bishops to beatniks poured into -
London yesterday in the biggest
demonstration ever staged here I
against the H-bomb.
The six-mile-long column plod-
ded into Trafalgar Square beneath
a forest of banners after a 54-mile
hike from Britain's nuclear weap-
ons arsenal site at Aldermaston.
Police and leaders estimated there
were 40,000 marchers.
Packing the approaches to theI
square was a welcoming crowdI
estimated by police at 30,000.
Shepherded by mounted police,I
the marchers put on an impas-f
sioned rally against nuclear weap- f
ons, then dispersed quietly.
Police set up cordons at the en-I
trance to nearby Downing Street,
where Prime Minister Harold
MacMillan lives, but the hugee
crowd was orderly.
The occasional heckler was lost
in the sea of humanity jostlinga
shoulder to shoulder by the fount-
ains in the Square, applauding the1
speakers and having a good time.
But there seemed to be a strong-
er mood of earnestness than on
similar marches of the past twoI
years.
This Easter, the four-day march
was bigger, with around 10,000
persons walking the distance and
about three times that number'
joining at the last stages.
Those taking part also appeareda
a more representative section of
British life than the band of
hopefuls who made the first1
march in 1958.
"They can't just write us off as
a bunch of cranks any more," said
Canon John Collins of St. Paul's
Cathedral,
Canon Collins, with a khaki
knapsack over his clerical gown,
led the march most of the way.
With him in the front rank
were a group of Laborite members
of Parliament: Michael Foot,
Frank Allaun, Sidney Silverman
and Emrys Hughs.
Behind them came actress
Peggy Ashcroft and the Bishop of
Southward, Dr. Mervin Stock-
wood.
Banners fluttered overhead with
the names of foreign delegations
-the United States, Japan, West
Germany, France and 22 other
countries.
An American housewife, Steph-
anie May, a member of the United
States organization for a sane nuc-
lear policy, walked most of the 54
miles.
"I was thrilled at the whole
thing," said Mrs. May, who is
from Bloomfield, Conn. "If enough
people keep on doing this then
somebody's bound to take notice."
That was the sentiment echoed
by many of the speakers.
'To Consider
rPicket Case
Fourteen students and one Uni-
versity employee arrested Satur-
day while picketing several local
stores will either be formally
charged or released after an ap-
pearance at 10 a.m. today at the
city police detective bureau.
Detective Lt. George Stauch
said if a charge Is levied against
them it would stem from a city
Sordinance which prohibits the
. distribution of leaflets.
Police officers reported the pick-
ets were handing passersby pieces

e of paper bearing a protest against
f segregation and discrimination
against Negroes In stores. Many
y of those receiving the leaflets
t dropped them on the sidewalk,
they said.
The 15 pickets were demon-
y strating against the Cousins Shop
L and local branches of the S. S.
Kresge Co. and the F. W. Wool-
worth Co. whose Southern braich-
a es practice segregation.

Spr feads

Anti- Government Riotin

INSTALLATION:
League Names President, Concil

Thirty Hurt
In Clashes

Turns Down
Book Taxes
Gov. G. Mennen Williams yes-
terday vetoed a bill to extend
sales tax to include books sold by
colleges and universities.
Saying that "taxing education
will only impede book sales in the
long run," Gov. Williams pointed
out that books sold by such or-
ganizations had been tax free
since 1935.
Gov. Williams said that "sound
public policy should encourage
education and reading and there-
fore tax neither (paper nor ink).
Today we tax neither newspapers
nor magazines.
"Unfortunately today we exempt
books only under certain condi-
tions. We should not tax books
at all. This bill moves in the
opposite direction."
He said that the answer to the
complaint from private bookstores
about unfair competition would
be to exempt books entirely from
taxes, rather than add taxes to
those now exempted.

By LYNNE FRIEDMAN
Susan Kennedy, '61, A&D, was
named president of the Women's
League yesterday at the League
Installation Night Ceremonies.
In accepting her office, Miss
Kennedy urged all women to take
even greater advantage of the
facilities offered by the League.
"The League is here for the ex-
plicit purpose of serving the Uni-
versity women," she said. "We
would like to extend its service to
everyone."
Names Project
Miss Kennedy said that her
main project for the immediate
future is to get to know the
League better.
Although she has worked on
class projects during the past four
lears, she feels that she would like
to learn more about the way the
League functions.
"I am also very eager to become
better acquainted with the other
new officers of the League," she
stated. "With such a wonderful
council, I am looking forward to
a most successful year."
Miss Kennedy's previous experi-
ence in the League includes par-
ticipation on the finance com-
mittee of Frosh Weekend, in Buro-
cats, on the publicity committee
of Soph Show, and on the pub-
licity committee of Junior Girls'
Play.
Office Appointive
The office of president of the
Women's League is an appointive
one, governed by the regulations
of the present constitution, which]
has been in effect since March,
1958.
The president is chosen by the
chairman and vice-chairman of
the Interviewing and Nominating
Committee, the presidents of ther
League, Panhellenic Association
and Assembly, the chairman of'
Women's Judiciary Council, and
the Internal vice-president of the
League.
The duties of the president in-r
clude sitting in on Student Gov-
ernment Council meetings, lead-
ing the activities of the League
Council, and participating on the
Board of Governors of the Michi-
gan League.
Change In Council
This year marks a change in the
internal construction of the ex-
ecutive council.
Reducing the number of vice-
presidents from four to three, the
former title of vice-president in
charge of class projects becomes
co-ordinating vice-president; the
offices formerly known as vice-
president in charge of co-ordina-
tion and vice-president in charge
of finance are combined into the
office of executive vice-president
in charge of senate and finance;
and the office of internal vice-
president becomes the office of
the administrative vice-president.
The women who hold these ex-
ecutive positions for the coming
year are Judy Weinberger, '61, as
co-ordinating vice-president, Bar-
bara Gilbert, '62, as executive vice-
president in charge of senate and
finance, and Jean Ross, '61, as
administrative vice-president.
Propose Study
Of State Tax
LANSING () - The chairman
of the State Senate Taxation
Committee yesterday proposed a
series of hearings around the state
on problems posed by "burden-
some property taxes on home-
owners and business concerns."

Through Kore~

-Daily-James Duda
LEAGUE COUNCIL-The League announced officers for the
coming year at its installation ceremony last night. From left to
right, Barbara Gilbert, '62, executive vice-president; Jean Ross,
'61, admiinstrative vice-president; Susan Kennedy, '61A&D, presi-
dent; Judy Weinberger, coordinating vice-president.
Illinois Uiversity Creates
Ne TeHousing Policyon ias
By The University Press Service
The University of Illinois has announced a new policy denying
University approval to any rooming house which practices discrimi-
nation. (And all undergraduates are required to live in housing
which has been University approved.)
The adoption of this policy is in agreement with fundamental
University policy on discrimination. In 1946, the Board of Trustees
stated that, "The officers of the University will continue the policy
of long standing which favors and strengthens those attitudes and
social philosophies which are necessary to create a community atmos-
phere in which race prejudlce

I
t
l
1
t
3
1
1
r

With Police
Bloodshed Reaches
Three Major Cities;
Authorities Alarmed
BULLETIN
SEOUL MP)-President Syng.
man Rhee's government de-,
elared "preparatory" martial
law early this morning in the
wake of another bloody demon-
stration against .the March 15
election. Up to 30 persons were
believed killed or wounded by
police gunfire.
SEOUL (--Police with club
swinging scattered 250 marching
high school boys in a new clasi
yesterday over the March 15 presi.
dential election.
More than 1,000 students fron
two universities later convergec
in front of the National Assembl:
Building and for the second con.
secutive day staged anti-govern
ment demonstrations in the capi
tal.

Senator Criticizes FAA,
Airline for Use of Electras
WASHINGTON WP)-Sen. Vance Hartke (D-Ind.) said yesterday
76 per cent of 147 deaths caused by' plane crashes in the first thre
months of this year involved prop-jet planes..
In a written statement to newsmen, which he plans to read to th
Senate today, Hartke said he has only a layman's knowledge of
aviation safety.
"But I certainly know that when a type of airplane flies only
about 10 per cent of the total hours and accounts for 76 per cent
of the deaths, its safety record is not good."
Hartke said the Federal Aviation Agency should give publicly
a detailed explanation of its refusal to ground all Electra prop-jet
planes until they have been reinspected and declared airworthy.
He said Friday that the Civil Aeronautics Board had recom
mended that all Electras be kept on the ground pending sucha

cannot thrive."
This new statement strengthens
the Code of Fair Educational
Practice proposed by Student Sen-
ate and endorsed by the University
in 1958.
The University's present stand
and those of the Student Senate
and University in 1958, are the
result of many years of contro-
versy.
Committee Proposed
In 1955, the Senate proposed
that the University set up a com-
mittee to investigate the housing
situation on campus. This Jed to
the formulation of Model Educa-
tional Practices Standard which
was approved by the Senate.
MEPS was the forerunner of
the Code of Fair Educational
Practices adopted in 1958. It
originally stated only that the
University encouraged non-dis-
criminatory practice in commer-
cially operated rooming houses.
Now, however, rooming - house
owners must agree to make their
facilities available without regard
to race or religion, or look else-
where for tenants.
Vice - President and Provost
Gordon Ray stated that the
policy will apply when ownership
of presently approved housing
changes, but will not apply to a
house which is the private home
of the owner and in which no
more than three rooms are rented.

Test Model

Of Polaris
Rocket Fails
CAPE CANAVERAL VP) -- The
Navy yesterday fired a near-opera-
tional model of its 'Polaris sub-
marine missile from a ship at sea,
but the rocket fizzled in flight be-'
cause of trouble in the second
stage.
This was the second straight
time an advanced Polaris failed
to achieve all objectives in a ship-
board launch. Navy officials said
the setback would not delay plans
to mate the missile with nuclear
submarines late this year.
The missile was fired from the
USS Observation Island, a 563-
foot maze of missile support equip-
ment, as it cruised at 8 knots in
calm Atlantic waters about 30
miles off Cape Canaveral.
Compressed air propelled the
28-foot Polaris from a tube bur-
rowed vertically in the deck of the
ship. It hung seemingly motion-
less for a second about 70 feet
above deck, then its first stage
engine flashed to life.
The second stage Ignited on
schedule a minute later, but al-_
most immediately appeared to veer
off course and cut off prematurely.
The Defense Department an-
nounced the missile was success-
fully launched from the ship, but
"there appeared to be a second
stage malfunction." Technicians
began studying telemetry data to
pinpoint the trouble.
After the malfunction, the rocket
plunged into the ocean a few miles
from the ship. It was intended for
a 1,000-mile trip down the Atlantic
missile range.
The Navy called the test a "com-
plete weapons functional test."
The navigation, fire control, guid-
ance and lainching eauinment

At least 34 persons, 15 of them
police, were injured yesterday in
clashes between students and po-
lice and police and thugs when
the wave of anti-government dem-
onstrations spred to this capita]
and two other cities.
Violence Threatened
The new violence threatened
President Syngman lIhee's gov-
ernment with a major crisis, a:
alarmed government officials con-
templated the possibility of fur-
ther outbreaks.
The high school students in-
volved in the clash today werf
planning a protest against a gov-
ernment ban on demonstrationi
when police intercepted them.
Pusan, South Korea's second
largest city, and Chongju, 70 milei
southeast of the capital, were
scenes of other violence yesterday
Members of President Syngmar
Rhee's cabinet met to discuss the
demonstrations that began in thi
southern port of Masan last week
Charge Liberals
Demonstrators charged Rhee'
liberal party rigged the Marcl
presidential elections when the
Liberals won an overwhelming vic.
tory over the Democrats. -
The demonstrations broke on
in mass defiance of a governmen
ban on demonstrations impose
after several students were killer
in bloody rioting in Masan,
Several thousand university stu
dents started a demonstratioi
that ended in a skull-cracking
window smashing riot after dari
Police Braced
Police were reported braced to
new demonstrations today in Seou
and other cities.
Except for swinging clubs in ;
futile attempt to thwart the marc]
of thousands of uniformed boy
from Korea University in Seou'
police showed great restraint. The,
allowed more than 500 students t
squat 'all afternoon before the Na
tional Assembly Building, blockin
the capitol's main avenue.
The students demanded the re
lease of arrested comrades an
chanted against "corrupt, dicta
torial, incompetent, barbaro u
murderous, police state govern
ment."
Outsiders joinedl the students a
dusk and began stoning mounte
police.
Garg Bows Ou
With Parody
On Daily Styl4
The Gargoyle, campus hum(
magazine, goes on sale tomorroN
disguised in black and brow
wrapping paper.
Readers will find out wht
Michigras is really like through
fold-out drawing by Dave Corr

reinspection, and that E. R. Que-'
sada as FAA administrator had
rejected the recommendation.
In reply to Hartke's statement
Friday, Quesada saidthat special
inspections of Electras, which he
ordered last month, have yielded
no , information that would war-
rant grounding the planes.
"In 52 Electra aircraft inspec-
tions to date, the findings do not
rinana a n au-l r . imnnDing addi-

, >

LEWIS SUPPOR'TS PLAN:
Democrats Ask More Foreign Students

By LORA KRAPOHL
American colleges should admit
half a million foreign students an-
_- -----11 c ar- famnprm-

"Such a program would cer-
tainly be to our advantage, espe-
cially in educating students from
the so-called 'uncommitted' na-

The council felt that American
dollars invested in education
"would be far more effective, dol-
la ,rv nlrthntesm

are drawn from our own experi-
ence, and then attempt toapply
them, willy-nilly, to all situations
and nations."

I

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