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April 10, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-10

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See Page 4


t IJaI
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom


Scattered snow flurries ending,
warmer and cloudy in afternoon.


VOL. LXX, No. 130






... f

Racial Discrimination


Given to Council

The following ordinance was
submitted Thursday night to the
City Council for consideration by
the special Council committee
created to study the Human Re-
lations Commission report of
March 9; 1960,'
The bill is intended "to relieve
the serious problem of substandard
housing in our community."
The committee included ex-
councilmen A. Nelson Dingle,
chairman; Richard D e n n a r d,
James F. Brinkerhoff, Russell J.
Burns, and City Attorney Jacob
F. Fahrner, Jr.
At the time it presented a final
report acknowledging the assist-
ance of Mrs. Henry Meyer, secre-
tary of the Human Relations Com-
mission, and the guidance and
help of the Executive Committee
of that body and Councilman
Henry V. Aquioto, Council Repre-
sentative on the Commission.
Nearly 100
ear Shops
Demonstrators turned out in
strong numbers yesterday to renew
their passive picketing of The
Cousins Shop, S. S. Kresge's and
F. W. Woolworth's,
Predictions that anti-picketing
groups might cause trouble proved
false, as no violence was reported.
Nearly 100 people, some from
the University and others from
the community, held their non-
violent demonstration from 1 to
5 p.m.
They are seeking a "clear un-
derstanding of Cousins Shop pol-
icy and behavior consistent with
that policy," picket coordinator
John Leggett, Grad, said.
Earlier this year, the store was
Ar g e d With "discrimintaory
treatment" of a customer by the
n Arbor Human Relations Com-
mission in a report to the City
The Commission report said the
store "ignored communications
with the Commission."
Mrs. Jennie Cousins, store own-
er, has told reporters she will
make no official statements.
Other stores picketed yesterday
were both local members of na-
tional chains accused of lunch-
ou " segregation in the South.
The local chapter of the Nation-
T Association for the Advance-
t of Colored People has receiv-
ed a directive, effective yesterday,
to support non-violent picketing
of stores here.
Local NAACP President Emma
Wheeler said the chapter is ex-
pected to make a statement, but
is presently involved with today's
mass meeting to raise funds for
legal defense of arrested students
in the South.
The chapter, which includes
nearly 275 members, has endorsed
and participated in Cousins Shop
Protests Hit
Four States
By The Associated Press
Pickets marched in front of
variety stores in the South, East
nd Middle West yesterday in
continued demonstrations against
sgregated lunch counters in the
Negroes staged protests in five
cities in North Carolia, the state
where the sitdowns began Feb. 1,
andi tAlabama. Sympathy dem-
onstrations occurred in New York

and Michigan.
At Durham, N.C., Negroes par-
aded in front of S. H. Kress, Wal-
green and F. W. Woolworth Co.,
stores and passed out handbills
urging people not to buy at them.
Other demonstrations at Raleigh,
New Bern and Wilmington in-
volved Kress and Woolworth var-
iety stores and an H. L. Green
department store. In Charlotte,
Negroes took seats at Kress and
Woolworth lunch eounters, but
were not srved.

The City of Ann Arbor ordains:
Section 1. That Chapter 1060 is
hereby added to Title VIII of the
City of Ann Arbor which said
chapter shall read as follows:
Chapter 100
Non-Discrimination In Housing
It is hereby found that the pop-
ulation of the City of Ann Arbor
consists of people of every race,
color, religion, ancestry and na-
tional origin, many of whom are
residents of this City because of
the location herein of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, and many of
whom have been compelled to live
in circumscribed and segregated
areas because of discrimination in
the sale, leasing' and rental of
housing. It is further found that
such discrimination is injurious to
the public health, safety and gen-
eral welfare of the City of Ann
Definitions. The following def-
initions shall be applicable in the
interpretation of this Chapter:
(1) Multiple Housing Accomo-
dation. The term multiple housing
accommodation means a building
or dwelling, or a number of build-
ings or dwellings, in the City of
Ann Arbor, comprising or contain-
ing one or more housing units,
owned or otherwise subject to the
control of one owner.
(2) Housing Unit. The term
lousing unit means a single room
or suite of rooms, or an apartment
or a dwelling occupied or intend-
ed for occupancy as separate
living quarters, by an individual,
by a family or by a group of in-
dividuals living together.
(3) Publicly Assisted Housing.
The term publicly assisted hous-
ing means housing the acquisition,
construction, rehabilitation, re-
pair or maintenance of which is,
after the effective date hereof, fi-
nanced in whole or in part by a
loan, whether or not secured by
a mortgage, the repayment of
which is quaranteed or insured by
the Federal Government or any
agency thereof, provided that such
housing shall be deemed publicly
assisted only during the life of
such loan and such guaranty or
Except as provided in' Sections
8:54 and 8:55 of this Chapter, it
shall be unlawful for the owner,
lessee, sub-lessee, or managing
agent of, or other person having
the right to sell, rent or lease a
multiple housing accomodation or
a housing unit therein, to refuse
to sell, rent, lease or otherwise
deny to or withhold from any per-
son or group of persons such mul-
tiple housing accommodation or
housing unit therein, because of
the race, color, religion, national
origin or ancestry of such person
or persons, or to discriminate
Puble Meeting'
Will Feature
Strike Leader
Charles Shockley, a senior at
Virginia State College for Negroes
will discuss the sit-down protests
at a meeting of the local NAACP
chapter at 4:00 p.m. today.
Shockley wassamong the 140
students who first sat-in at the
segregated public library in
Petersburg. Since then he has
been an organizer of sit-ins and
picket protesting. He is the presi-
dent of his local NAACP chapter.
By bringing Shockley here, the
Ann Arbor NAACP is trying to
show its concern about the strug-
gle for human rights manifested
among Southern Negro college
The meeting will give Ann Ar-
bor citizens an opportunity to give
money for the defense of students
arrested in other demonstrations.
The NAACP has 69 lawyers or-

ganizing this legal effort.
The Ann Arbor NAACP has
opened the meeting to the general
public. They believe that is will
be in the interest of "the current
fight for civil rights."
Special to The Daily

against or segregate any person
because of his race, color, religion,
national origin or ancestry in the
terms, conditions or privileges of
the sale, rental or lease of any
such multiple housing accommo-
dation or housing unit therein, or
in the furnishing of facilities or
services in connection therewith.
Except as provided in Sections
8:54 and 8:55 of this Chapter, it
shall be unlawful for the owner,
lessee, sub-lessee, or managing
agent of, or other person having
the right to sell, rent or lease pub-
licly assisted housing, to refuse to
sell, rent, lease or otherwire deny
to or withhold from any person
or group of persons such publicly
assisted housing because of the.
race, color, religion, national orig-
in or ancestry of such person or
persons, or to discriminate against
or segregate any person because
of his race, color, religion, national
origin or ancestry in the terms,
See WILL CURB, Page 5
Joint Judic
To Permit
Open Talks
Joint Judiciary Council has in-
stituted a more liberal interpreta-
tion of the powers of the chairman
to open its hearings at the request
of the student concerned, Chair-
man Michael Sklar, '60, said re-
The chairman has always had
the power to allow anyone to at-
tend the meetings with the con-
sent of the student being heard,
Sklar said, but in the past there
has been general non-use of this
discretionary power.
In effecting the liberalization
asked for in a recent policy meet-
ing of the Council, Sklar said that
he would, under normal circum-
stance, allow any individual hav-
ing some connection with either
the case or the student being
heard to attend the hearing at the
request of the interviewee.
In the past, only th'e representa-
tives of the dean's offices have
been generally admitted to the
hearings. These representatives
are, however, not allowed to speak
to the Council during the hear-
Sklar said that his interpreta-
tion would include the admission
of personal friends or others con-
nected with an individual on trial
and members other than the pres-
ident of groups being heard.
At presnet it is only the presi-
dent of any group being heard
who is allowed to attend the in-
Such people as a student's resi-
dent advisor in the University
residence halls would be con-
sidered specifically connected with
the individual and perhaps the
case and they would generally be
admitted, Sklar said.
The basic reason, Sklar said, for
the new interpretation was that
any student wanting someone
present at the hearings on his case
"should certainly be allowed to
have them there."
This announcement came as a
result of a policy meeting of Joint
Judic and the Faculty Subcommit-
tee on Discipline held earlier this
year to investigate the possibility
of opening the hearings if and
when students requested it.

Sees Need
For Collegwe
Gov. G. Mennen Williams yes-
terday said the proposed coordina-
tor for the state's colleges and uni-
versities should be appointed either
by the college presidents or him-
He said such a coordinator was
"badly needed," and that he is
sorry one has not already been
He predicts "sure success" for
the coordinator in development of
the state's higher education sys-
Legislative cuts from his "pos-
sible and good" recommendations
for higher education appropria-
tions are unfortunate, Williams
The universities can raise tui-
tion, but this would be "most un-
usual and regressive . . . the chal-
lenge today is to provide university
education to all who are intel-
lectually and morally capable of
receiving it . . no one should be
Approval Expected
Williams expects the Univer-
sity's Physics-Astronomy-Institute
Bldg. will be approved by the
Legislature. "Our capital outlay
program is $150 million," he added.
Williams said he has no agree-
ments with any Democratic presi-
dential candidate about a vice-
presidential nomination and does
not know if he will support a can-
In a speech at a luncheon com-
memorating the fiftieth anniver-
sary of the political science de-
partment, Williams said, "Govern-
ment has to live on ideas .,. . it
must harness new ideas to meet
new challenges. . . . If it does not,
it is not living in a world of to-
"Theories of deterrence of war
lead to a cul de sac . . . they have
only brought a temporary respite
and have not made peace ... . the
challenge is for new ideas for
Can't Compartmentalize
"We cannot compartmentalize
domestic and international af-
fairs," he added.
For needed assistance, govern-
ment will have to rely on univer-
sities, Williams said. It will have
"to see problems in perspective to
all disciplines; government will not
have the overall view it needs, but
the universities can provide it."
He added government will rely
especially on political scientists
"to provide verve and elan to help
us to move forward."

Survives Attempt on Lif(




.. . . -:.. ..: .r, v ..* ,.., ..v^v.:: A ~ r r a . " , r .

Ver woe d


Jim Martens, IFC President

City Editor
The University can no longer
justify sheltering groups which
discriminate, Jim Martens
firmly believes.
"Fraternities can no longer
defend the bias clause. They,
must have local control of their
member selection."
Martens has thought about
this problem from many view-
points - as a fraternity man,
Interfraternity Council presi-
dent, Student Government
Council member. He advocates
local atonomy as the answer.
"It has worked and will
work," he declares. But this
local autonomy does not mean
disaffiliation from the national

Progress in eliminating dis-
crimination must be slow; many
of those who favor rapid legis-
lation are "narrow-minded do-
gooders." The only permanent
answer will be one arrived at
Jim favors a solution here in
which the University will work
with the fraternities, who must
in turn submit a yearly progress
report on what they have done
to help eliminate discriminatory'
clauses from their national con-
IFC is starting to help solve
the problem. This year they
took an official stand in favor
of local autonomy and will help
any house which wants aid to
work for elimination of written

IFC under Jim's leadership
also took other stands to help
the fraternity system adjust to
the increasingly academic at-
mosphere of the campus.
Hazing, for example, has
plagued the system for many
years. "We took stern action on
hazing and hope it will set a
precedent for the future." But
Jim sees the problem as besi-
cally one for each individual
house to solve for itself.
IFC, as Jim visualizes it, is a
service organization; it must
serve its member fraternities.
At the same time it must work
to maintain the overall strength
of the system.
The fraternity system today
is "strong, strong for a-minority
fraternity system." "Minority"
See JIM, Page 2

Prof. Dennison Calls Machine Unique

Shot inilea
At Ex position.
White'. Man Attacks
Apartheid Supporter
die-aged white man fired twc
pistol bullets yesterday- into the
head of 'Prime Minister Hendri
Verwoerd, tough architect W
apartheid, in a botched assassina-
tion attempt.
Verwoerd fell wounded with a
broken jaw and blood streaming
from his mouth and right. ear ai
a trade and farm exposition cele.
brating the 50th anniversary o:
the racially troubled Union o
South Africa.
The husky, Dutch-born Prim
Minister, who has campaigned fo
two decades fordstrict separatio
of Negroes and the dominan
white minority, was attacked be
fore a capacity crowd of more
than 30,000 whites and a selecte
group of 50 nonwhites at the ex.
position grounds in Johannes.
burg's Milner Park.
After Tension
It came after three weeks' ten
slion-bloodshed, riots, demonstra
tions and police raids on Africa
communities-set off by a Negr
campaign against the law requir
ing nonwhites to carry identity
papers as passes.
Three shots-apparently from
.22 caliber pistol-were fired b
the white gunman, but only twi
hit the Piime Minister. One struci
him in the cheek near his righ
nostril, penetrating the roof o
his 4414 -breaking his righ
aw. The secoXn struck him
the right ear. The third sho
apparently went wild but ther
was oie report it hit a polieman
Physicians at Johanesbur
General Hospital said yesterda
there was no damage to the brai
and called Verwoerd's'conditio
Call Martial Law
Quick imposition of martial la
by Gov. Gen. Charles Swart wa
forecast by the nationalist news
papers Die Vaderland for thi
crisis-torn nation, already unde
tate of emergency regulations. I
said a dusk to dawn curfew wa
Rifle-carrying police and plain
clothes men surrounded post off
ces, broadcasting studios and Eng
lish language newspapers.
The government controlle
South African Broadcasting Cor:
repeatedly broadcast a statemen
by a senior cabinet minister, Pa
Sauer, Minister of Lands, urgin
the population to be calm.
Express Regret
Official expressions of regre
streamed in from other govern
ments at the shooting. The Unite
States, Denmark and the Nether
lands were among the first to de
plore the incident.
Verwoerd met Negro resistane
to white supremacy laws wit
force when trouble broke out nea
Johannesburg March 21.
And he had just reiterated th
there would be no retreat fror
his policy in a speech at a Johan
nesburg agricultural expositio:
when the assassin wounded hi
Verwoerd became well known 1:
South Africa for his political an
social theories and as a theorls
of the dominant nationalist party
He became a leader in the==Sout
African Senate in 148 and t*
years later was handed the 'pi
of Minister of Native Affairs.
Students Hit

Physics department chairman
Prof. David M. Dennison yester-
day called the proposed Univer-
sity cyclotron a "unique machine
of importance to the national in-
University Vice - President for
Research Ralph A. Sawyer, Prof.
Dennison and Prof. William Park-
inson of the physics department
appeared this week in hearings be-
fore the House Subcommittee on
Public Works to request passage
of a bill providing for the building
of the planned atom-smasher.
Appropriation Considered
The cyclotron is included in the
Atomic Energy Commission appro-
priation bill now being considered
by the Subcommittee.
Prof. Dennison said that the
three had emphasized to the com-
mittee that the practical applica-
tions of nuclear power, nuclear
weapons and isotopes for use in
medical research are based on
knowledge of the structure of the
nuclei of atoms such as that which
would be gained by the new cyclo-
For this reason, they said, there
is a very real and pragmatic rea-
son why this new machine would
be in the national interest.
Pleased With Reception
"We were very much pleased
with the reception we received

from the Subcommittee," Prof.
Dennison added. The Subcommit-
tee is a part of the House Ap-.
propriations Committee.
Prof. Dennison explained that
the proposed machine would be
unique in that it would be a me-
dium-energy cyclotron capable of
maintaining a very closely con-
Lado Leaves
U Faculty
The appointment of Prof. Rob-
ert Lado of the University English
Language Institute as academic
director of the Georgetown Uni-
versity Institute of Languages and
Linguistics was announced yes-
At Georgetown Prof. Lado will
be responsible for seven depart-
ments. These will include continu-
ation of teaching English to
foreign students' and several for-
eign languages. He will also be
responsible for coordinating the
teaching of foreign languages in
the university.'
His appointment is effective on
June 30.

trolled value of the energy of the
particles it shoots out.
This type of cyclotron is nece-
sary to study the nuclei of heavy
elements, Prof. Dennison said.'
Existing machines are capable of
studying the structure of lighter
nuclei, but energy of up to 40 mil-
lion electron volts is necessary to
penetrate heavier nuclei.
Made Designs
The University began work on
the plans for the cyclotron four
years ago, spending the first two
years in design studies.
The first proposal was submitted
to the AEC two years ago, but tl'e
project had to be postpone4 be-
cause the Michigan Legislature
did not provide the funds for a
building to house the cyclotron.
A bill making provisions for
housing the machine in he new
Physics-Astronomy-Institute Bldg.
is before the Michigan House now
after having passed the Senate.
Hope for Appropriation ,
"We have every hope that'the'
Legislature will make this appro-
priation within a few days," Prof.
Dennison said.
"We are particularly anxious to
have this research facility au-
thorized now because we feel the
timing is right for the investiga-
tions we propose," he added.

G.. favors crdinator

i aTJi

Borge 1xes Beethoven, Brahms,


Personnel Director
Beethoven and Brahms melodies
were mixed with "The Victors" by
a part - time hen farmer from
Conneticut last night.
Before a packed Hill Aud. audi-
ence, Victor Borge who owns a
famous "Cornish Hen business"
alternately battered, cajoled and
pampered a piano with medlies
which contained small parts of
the famous fight song. Pausing to
greet late arrivals with 'pointed
comment on their tardiness, he
balanced verbal comedy with sev-
eral classical selections at the

Borge mixed impersonations with
his music. Suitably changing his
voice and facial expression and
adding appropriate movement to
fit the role, he played the part of
another famous pianist.
No Approval
Afterwards he told the audience
that he had written Liberace to
ask for his approval, but "unfort-
unately has never received it."
Mentioning this part as one of
the "standards," Borge added that
he had never had any trouble
with Liberace because of the im-
Other parts of his stock include

tive had discovered a "cure for
which there was no disease."
His quick personal observations
often hit single members of a
hysterical audience. To a sneezing
woman Borge offered: "Bless your
soul . . . and all of your vital
organs, too." He also criticized a
"laugher" who had chuckled out
of turn with the crowd for "caus-
ing a disturbance."
Complains Of Food
In another series of remarks, he
added a complaint against Mich-
igan Union food by claiming that
"rigor mortis had set in in 'the
fish he had for dinner." Borge at

Koch Firing
URBANA, ILL. (')-A- stude
g r , u p demonstrated yesterd
against the firing of a biolog
professor whose public, recor
mendation of sex before marria
caused a campus furor,
Leo F. Koch, assistant biolo



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