CIVIL RIGHTS LAW
See Page 4
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
Snow flurries during morning
turning to partial overcast.'
VOL. LXX, No. 129
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 9, 1960
By JUDITH DONER and JUDITH SATTLER
Offers from other colleges, industry and government are
flowing in to lure faculty members away from the University at
a seemingly faster rate than last year.
A Daily survey of the 27 departments of the literary college,
the 11 departments of the engineering school and of 12 other
University schools and colleges reveals at least 34 professors will
leave in June out of over 205 who received offers.'
The Daily's 1959 survey reported 55 professors leaving from
over 200 who received offers. Last year's survey was taken six
weeks later, at the end of May.
Department chairmen and college deans reported that many
offers were still pending, conceivably until the University budget
In general, most of the professors interviewed felt that the
state's financial situation and the University budget had not so
much to do with the number of offers from other schools as
rumor would have it. Most felt that other good schools were
receiving a similar barrage.
Rather than salary levels, many department chairmen and
deans felt that space considerations both have or will in the
future be important in determining the number of faculty who
leave the University.
Robert L. Williams, administrative dean, agreed that lack
of space and research facilities constitute at least as much reason
for departures as all other considerations.
While last year saw math, science and engineering as the
hardest hit faculty areas, the 1960 survey finds the education
and dental schools joining them in incurring heavy losses.
Mathematics appears to be the most besieged department in
the literary college with its loss of four faculty members.
"We have a good department, so naturally our men get
offers," Prof. Cecil Nesbitt, acting chairman of the math depart-
Although he did not disclose the number of mathematics
professors who have received offers, he said "others have been
approached, but have not followed up."
Mathematics lost five department members last year.
"I think the University is very vulnerable to raiding," Prof.
Leo Goldberg, astronomy department chairman remarked, reveal-
ing that from his 12-man staff one department member along
with himself will be leaving.
"I would say that in these two particular cases salary was
not an important factor," Prof. Goldberg declared. "One doesn't
make a decision like this for only one or two different reasons."
Asked how many on the astronomy faculty had received
offers, Prof. Goldberg stipulated that the question was difficult
to answer because many receive offers but do not regard them
seriously enough to reveal them to the department chairman.
"I know of only three offers," he added. "However, there are
other members of the department who would be considered
unavailable because they have declined offers in the past."
Although the astronomy department lost no one last year,
Prof. Goldberg at that time declared that "any astronomer
worth his salt would want to take advantage of new research
Both the chemistry and zoology departments report the loss
of one man each to other schools.
We've lost one of our very good men to Yale, Prof. Leigh
Anderson, chairman of the chemistry department noted. He
received a substantial salary raise. There have been three other
offers, "but I don't expect to lose any more," he forecast.
Zoology department chairman Prof. Dugald Brown indicated
that the loss of one department member to Syracuse University
"had nothing to do with the competitive market situation,"
although it involved a promotion and pay raise.
"He was offered opportunities which he didn't have here,"
Prof. Brown said.
The zoology department chairman revealed that although
others on his staff received offers, "none considered them seri-
Seven members of the 17-man staff of the anthropology de-
partment have had outside offers, all of them stipulating higher
salaries, Prof. James Spuhler, anthropology department chair-
Of these, one man has accepted and another has been al-
lowed to go on leave for a year. Although three have definitely
rejected offers, two professors arestill negotiating.
Prof. Spuhler revealed that one of these offers was from
government, and the others from other schools. ."Ours is still
one of the top departments in the country," he said. "All of our
research is financed by outside grants, so we are not dependent
Botany and geology are the only science departments which
report no one leaving. Prof. Kenneth Jones, botany department
See FACULTY, page 2
Proposed SAB Wing
Measure To Return
To House for Action
On Amended Parts
WASHINGTON (P')--The Senate
passed a civil rights bill last night
after eight weeks of battling.
The roll call vote was 71-18.'
The 18 were the Southern senators
who fought the bill every step of
The measure, aimed primarily
at enforcing Negro voting rights,
goes back to the House for action'
on Senate amendments.
Congressional 1 e a d e r s were
hopeful the House, which passed
substantially the same bill by a
311-109 vote on March 24, would
accept the Senate changes.
This would make it unnecessary
to set up a Senate-House confer-
ence to compromise the differ-
ences, most of which are relatively
Senate passage of the bill came
over bitter opposition of Southern
members, who lost 70-19 a last-
ditch effort to send it back to the
Judiciary Committee for more
hearings. The final vote capped a
struggle that began Feb. 15 and
was featured by more than a week
of record-smashing around-the-
Forty-two Democrats and 29
Republicans supported the Bill on
final passage, with 18 Southern
All 11 Senators missing on the
vote, five Democrats and six Re-
publicans, were announced in
favor of passage.
The public galleries were only
about half filled as the roll was
called shortly before 8 p.m. There
was no applause or other demon-
stration when the result was an-
Many of the senators appeared
to be in a hurry to get away and
left the chamber immediately
after the vote. Some already had
their hats in their hands.
The election year debate point-
ed up the sharp North-South div-
ision among Senate Democrats on
the civil rights issue.
Southern senators denounced
the bill to the end as an unconsti-
tutional invasion of states' rights.
Some of their Northern Demo-
cratic colleagues called it a weak,
watered down bill-a sham.
But Democratic Leader Lyndon
B. Johnson of Texas and Republi-
can Leader Everett M. Dirksen of
Illinois, who worked in tandem to
steer the bill through the Senate,
said it marked a forward step.
Dirksen said last Tuesday that
Disarmament Talks Fizzle
By The Associated Press
The 10-nation disarmament conference abandoned all serious
hope yesterday of coming up with any meaningful agreement before
next month's summit meeting in Paris.
The negotiations entered a stage of unreality which drew flippant
comment from both sides and showed that all expectation of quick
progress toward a world treaty for ending the arms race has been
put aside for the time being.
The two sides apparently were seeking only a dignified formula
for turning the whole problems over to the Big Four heads of gov-
CHRISTIAN A. HERTER
. .«. discusses summit
By PAT GOLDEN
"The impact of political science
in public affairs is not commen-
surate to the existing need,"
President John Perkins of the
University of Delaware observed'
yesterday afternoon at the open-
ing meeting of the 50th Anniver-
sary celebration of the Depart-
ment of Political Science.
Perkins, a former student and
professor at the University, added
th.t ,-hile physical and natural
scientists propagate their fields,
political scientists hesitate to push
their discipline for fear of being
In the United States, there
tends to be a dichotomy between
trained political scientists and
trained businessmen in govern-
ment affairs. Americans do not
have the broader business and
government background that a
man like Premier Nikita Khrush-
Businessmen in American gov-
ernment jobs are temporary offi-
cials, but more permanent public
servants are needed. Perkins ques-
tioned whether there will be
enough career executives in gov-
ernment posts in the future.
The line between temporary
public servants and executives
trained in political science is like-
ly to become even more indistinct
than it is now."
Perkins commented that the
State Department is the only one
in which the substance of the
Rep. James F. Warner (R-Ypst-
lanti) yesterday offered an amend-
ment to the higher education ap-
propriation bill giving tacit ap-
proval for the state's nine colleges
and universities to select their
Many legislators, however, still
intend to select their own mediator
to work on the problem of uni-
versity costs and needs.
The school presidents have as;
yet not announced their choice
for the $25,000 a year post, but it
was learned yesterday that Mon-
tana University President Harry
Newborn is high on the list.
Newborn is a former president
of Oregon University, and before
that was director of an educa-
tional television program at Ann
Arbor for the Ford Foundation.
Warner's amendment would also
allow the presidents to employ
such staff as necessary to collect
and interpret significant informa-
tion of a statistical nature which
may help to identify the, needs of
higher education in the state.
renment without having agreed
even on how to begin discussing it.
Western officials said they are
convinced Soviet Deputy Foreign
Minister Valerian Zorin came to
the conference with instructlons
to keep the negotations locked in
a stalemate until the Summit.
United States Secretary of State
Christian A. Herter speculated at
a news confersence that the man-
euver may be aimed at setting the
stage for Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev to make some dis-.
armament proposals at the Sum-
mit meeting starting at Paris
Herter also told his news con-
ference that disarmament may
have the first priority for discus-
sion among Khrushchev, President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, British
Prime Minister Harold MacMillan,
and French President Charles De
Gaulle. But he added that a
number of other questions, such
as Berlin, and possibly a ban on
nuclear weapons testing, will come
The Western powers in the 10-
nation session at Geneva are
opposed to a long recess - one
which would run from the end of
April to the middle of June, Hert-
er said, but are willing to agree
to a shorter break.
NAACP Head Says
Voting Rights Denied
NEW YORK (P) - The Civil
Rights Bill passed by the Senate
was described last night as a
"fraud" by Roy Wilkins, execu-
tive secretary of the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of
Wilkins said the measure, aimed
primarily at enforcing Negro vot-
ing rights, actually "makes it
harder and not easier for Negroes
A formal statement by Wilkins
on the Senate action said:
"The small band of liberals
never had a chance against the
Congressional leaders of both
parties who gave cooperation to
the coalition which disemboweled
the original proposal.
"Either party is welcome to try
to claim credit for enactment of
the wretched remnant of what
was not very much at the outset.
The issue has now been laid and
must be met in the summer con-
ventions, in the fall elections and
in the 87th Congress."
Commenting on the "voting
rights" section of the Bill, Wilkins
said it "is such that the Negro
citizen has to pass more check
points and more officials than he
would if he were trying to get the
United States gold reserves in Fort
Knox. It's a fraud."
Also displeased with the bill,
Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore.) called
it "a great disappointment to all
of us who are seeking to bring the
colored people of America into
first class citizenship."
By The Associated Press
An assistant professor of biology
at the University of Illinois who
advocated pre-marital relations in
a letter to the Daily lliil was
dropped from the faculty Thurs-
Prof. Leo Koch was relieved of
his duties Thursday after a fac-
ulty committee decided that his
letter was a "grave breach of
In other action concerning the
conduct of faculty members, the
University of Rochester has indi-
cated that it would stand by Prof.
Charles Goebel, convicted of man-
slaughter in the accidental death
of a six-year-old boy, until final
disposition of his case.
Goebel remained at his teach-
ing post during the trial, free on
HINTS OF VIOLENCE:
To Continue Picket Lines
Despite Growing Unrest.
By THOMAS HAYDEN
Demonstrators resume picketing The Cousins Shop and three
other local stores this afternoon, amidst reports of possible violence
and growing resentment from some University elements.
A crystalization of support among University faculty and admin-
istration members has been claimed by John Leggett, Grad., spokes-
man for the demonstrators.
In addition to The Cousins Shop, pickets Will be posted in front
of S. S. Kresge and F. W. Woolworth-local branches of national
chains which allegedly practice-y
NEW WING-This is the architect's conception of how the proposed wing of the Student Activities
Bldg. may look. The bill allowing funds for the construction of the three-story structure was approved
yesterday by the Senate. The wing will house those administrative units primarily concerned with
POLITICAL SCIENCE LECTURE:
Biridges Cites Schools' Public Role
By RICHARD OSTLING
The close link in Great Britain between the public service and
the universities has "left a clear impress of certain academic quali-
ties-patience and perserverance and powers of analysis and imagi-
nation" in the British Civil Service, Sir Edward Bridges, its head for
many years, said.
Addressing the 50th anniversary conference of the University
political science department last night, Lord Bridges declared that
the development of political science studies in universities has been
'"an important and fruitful development" of great value to the public
The growth of political science in Great Britain in the past 30
years has been considerable, and now is "far more realistic" than in
former years because it directly discusses problems of the modern
The close relation between the higher ranks of civil service and
universities is based on a century-old system of examining persons
with a university background to reap government workers with gen-
segregation in some southern
Meanwhile, Roger Mahey, '60,
president of education school, has
re-asserted that he and others
"approve the goal of picketing, but
object to the means."
Mahey and the education school
executive board charged yesterday
that many students do not feel
picketing is a "realistic or even
effective means to obtain the end
Mahey said he knows "some
persons" have made threats of
His board refused to endorse
the picketing or concur with Stu-
dent Government Council's recent
statement supporting the demon-
Mahey challenged the other
student organizations "to make
their position known."
Cases Not Conclusive
Supporting his stand, he said
recent "test cases have not been
He added that picketing is "em-
barrassing to ourcommunity and
University." Some funds from
major University donors may be
discontinued, he warned.
Leggett said he and other pic-
keters are still seeking a "clear
statement of Cousins Shop policy,
and behavior consistent with that
By ANDREW HAWLEY
A hypothetical ordinance for-
bidding discriminatory sale, rent
or lease of federally-backed or
multiple housing was presented to
Vhe City Council for discussion
Buildings having "four or more
housing units owned or otherwise
subject to the control of one
owner,"' and housing "financed in
whole or in part by a loan, the
repayment of which is guaranteed
or insured by the federal govern-
ment or any agency thereof"
would be covered by the bill.
The bill was submitteo along
with a final statement by the
s p e c i a 1 Council subcommittee
formed last year to study the
Human Relations Commission's
report advising such legislation.
Outgoing Councilman A. Nelson
Dingle, chairman of the commit-
tee, said the Council has "a moral
responsibility both to consider
such a bill and to act on it," but
that he didn't think the Council
would bring this present draft to
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