Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXX, No. 127
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1960
Play's Growth Related
By STEPHANIE ROUMELL 1
"It is very hard to tell you about
the play's start, growth, regres-
sions, its moments directly before
the end," Playwright Lillian Hell-:
man told the audience at Rack-
ham Lecture Hall last night,
speaking of her current Broadway
play, "'Toys in the Attic".
Miss Hellman's lecture was pre-
sented by the English department.
She will be on campus until Tues-
The end results are easier to
relate, Miss. Hellman said, "be-
cause I can read them to you."
She said that the most difficult
part of "Toys in the Attic," (her
eleventh play), was when and how
it opened, what period in the lives
of the people, what day, weather,
"If you go wrong, you've gone
very wrong and pay heavily as
you go along.'
The play starts in New Orleans,
the playwright related. "I pur-
posely gave no specific date, and
it is set in a large, ugly house
built in 1860." Carrie is rocking
on the porch, and Anna is just
coming home from work. It is
the late afternoon.
No Time To Lose
"I would have preferred to go
back into the lives of Carrie and
Anna,'" Miss Hellman said, "but
. decided that I had no time to
She went on to read major
exerpts from the play's three acts.
"I'm particularly bad at re-
membering trouble," Miss Hell-
man remarked candidly.
"A friend of mine says that if
I take three years to write a play
and drive myself and everyone
around me into a kind of despair,
one month after the 'play and
production are over; I am con-1
vinced that I did it all with hands'
tied behind my back sitting in a
champagne bath, eating caviar."
"There's some truth in that,"
she added. "Who wants to re-
member pain? Who wants to
think how long it took to solve
the small problem of the time of
This problem took sever al
months to solve in "Toys in the
Attic," the playwright revealed.
Other problems in play writing
she said were better forgotten
once the play was over were those
of where people are when not on
stage and how much time is need-
ed for what action.
"It doesn't interest me now that
I took a lawyer out of the fifth
version of 'The Children's Hour,'
or that I junked two characters
from the third version of this
"The play is there now, and
what the author thinks or meant
to do, or wanted to say, is on the
paper-Or never will be."
The problems of writing are no
one's business but the writer's,
the playwright declared. "A piece
of literature must be judged by
what is there."
it is graceless for the author to
defend his work, Miss Hellman
added. "It is there now to be in-
terpreted by others."
WASHINGTON (R) - Sen. J.
William Fulbright (D-Ark.) moved
yesterday to strengthen President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's hand by
raising the possibility of Senate
action on a nuclear weapons test
ban treaty before Congress ad-
Fulbright, chairman of the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee,
said that if all goes well at the
summit conference opening May
16 and the Russians show willing.
ness to agree on a treaty "it could
be acted upon by the senate by
Fulbright told the Senate his
own past differences with Eisen-
hower on some phases of foreign
policy would not prevent his work-
ing closely with the Administra-
tion to speed ratification of the
treaty. The senator indicated he
would favor action before the Sen-
ate quits to "preclude the possi-
bility of such an important sub-
iA'+ becoming an isse in the cam-
PLAYWRIGHT LILLIAN HELLMAN--Author of the new Broad-
way hit "Toys in the Attic," Miss Heliman told a University
audience last night of a few of the "throes" of creation. "If you've
gone wrong, you've gone very wrong, and pay heavily as you go
along," she noted.
During debate on non-discrimination in student organizations
last night, Student Government Council heard a report from a com-
mittee of three set up to "pull together" discussion and reflect the
Council's opinions on this area.
Al Haber, '60, noted in the report that the committee felt
there was already a consensus concerning a desirable ruling on
membership practices in student organizations. A motion drawn up
To Go to FBI
SGC To Deliver Note
To Local Authorities
By JEAN SPENCER
Student Government Council's
executive committee will send a
letter it received signed, "Alabama
Ku Klux Klan" to the Ann Arbor
division of the Federal Bureau of
The misspelled and ungram-
matical letter, addressed to "Stu-
dents and Facualty" of the Uni-
versity, reads in part: ". . . I have
a 358 Magnum Snipperscope bul-
let with the head of the NAACP's
name on it I am a sharpshooter
with all weapons . . . We say
Clean up Detroit, and Michigan,
and then tell another State how
to run its Affairs; Thank You."
It was received in response to
publicity regarding the letters
SGC sent to governors of eight
Southern states including Ala-
bama, supporting non-violent
demonstrations protesting segre-
gated lunch counters.
"I and the rest of my buddies
do not like the present Critisizing
of Governor John he was capable
of being one of the Justices and
Attorneys for the Nurenburg war
Crime Trials," the letter went on,
referring to Alabama's Governor
Time magazine mentioned the
Council's action in its April 11
issue saying, "The student gov-
ernment at the University of
Michigan fired off hot letters of
protest to Southern Governors,
got blistering replies."
The article listed action by
various colleges and universities
sympathizing with student dem-
onstrations in the South and pro-
testing police clamp-downs on
SGC members mentioned in
debate that whether or not the
letter actually came from the
Klan, which is a secret organiza-
tion, is questionable, but that
"routine procedure" in such cases
is to notify the authorities.
Oadd Lot lub
To 'UT' Today
Teamsters Union President
James Hoffa will speak at 6:45
p.m. today at the Law Club lounge
on "The Investment of Union
The talk is sponsored by the
Odd Lot investment Club of the
Law School and will be open to
the public with lawv students and
the faculty of the Law School and
business administraton school be-
ing given precedence in seating.
Old Ally Renews Ties
DE GAULLE SPEAKS IN LONDON'S GUILDHALL-The French Premier, on state visit to England,
responds to a welcoming address. He is in Britain for pre-summit talk and yesterday received a
rousing reception in a ride through London streets. De Gaulle also spent some time with an old friend---
World War 11 ally Sir Winston Churchill. And he met with some of the men who formed his Free
French forces in 1945, telling them, "And now you can see we were wise and what we did had to be
Action Delayed on Appropriation Bill
Ann Arbor industrialist Charles
Baird, 51, was released on $15,000
bond yesterday on a charge that
he plotted to assassinate Circuit
Court Judge James R. Breakey,
Jr., who twice jailed him for non-
Baird, a University graduate
and owner ofnthesAnn Arbor
Grinders Manufacturing Co., pro-
tested that, far from wanting to
murder Breakey, he is "only
grateful" to the judge for giving
him a "new life" when he divorced
Baird's first wife in 1953.
Washtenaw County Prosecutor
William F. Ager said Baird offered
32 - year - old convict Kenneth
Stratton of Ypsilanti a sum of
money "running into four figures"
to murder Judge Breakey.
Judge Breakey sentenced Baird
twice to county jail after he
failed to pay alimony. Baird said
in order to meet the court's fi-
nancial terms he would have had
to abandon several charitable pro-
jects on which he was working.
by the committee was discussed
without coming to a vote, accord-
ing to previously established pro-
cedure. It would replace present
regulations in the area.
It reads, "No recognized organi-
zation may prohibit or otherwise'
restrict membership or member-
ship activities on the basis of race,
color, religion, creed, national
origin or ancestry."
Another motion was discussed
concerning a Commission on Dis-
criminatory Practices in Student
Organizations which the Council
would establish toarbitrate dis-
crimination cases referred to it.
Some Council members said;
that membership on this commis-
sion, tentatively numbered at
seven, should be defined as to the
proportion of members from the
student body, the faculty and the
Other members pointed out that
the committee would be limiting
itself if qualifications were set up
Balance of interests does not
necessarily yield impartiality, one
member asserted. Haber said the
charge of the commission in its
final form will spell out the ap-
propriate qualifications for its
By THOMAS KABAKER
The House took no action on
the higher education bill yester-
day, leaving action open at any
time until next Thursday which
is the deadline for action on the
University President Harlan
Hatcher said yesterday he did not
expect the University's appropria-
tion to be increased by the House,
As passed by the Senate, the
University will receive $35.2 mil-
lion. President Hatcher said he
thought the Senate proposal "has
reached the maximum" the Legis-
lature is willing to spend this
The publicity given to the pro-
posed mediator for the state's nine
colleges and universities has not
lessened public pressure for ap-
propriation boosts, President
Hatcher said. The nine college
presidents are willing to cooperate
with a state appointed mediator
should such a post be created, he
As for the presidents' move to
appoint their own coordinator,
President Hatcher said, "I am
sure the appointment will be made
as soon as the necessary steps
are taken." He added the an-
nouncement would be made "with-
in a matter of days at the most."
The appointment, originally
scheduled for Tuesday, was post-
poned in the face of strong oppo-
sition from several members of
the Legislature. -
These Legislators plan to ap-
point their own mediator no mat-
ter what the presidents may do.
The legislators have objected to
the presidents' plan as being un-
realistic. They say that the co-
ordinator could not possibly keep
peace among the schools, and
would end up as a lobbyist for
the colleges and universities.
"We are very much opposed to
the use of operating funds, or
money that should be used for
operations, to employ such a
man," Rep. James F. Warner (R-
"When nine institutions pick a
coordinator and one of them
thinks he is favoring one institu-
tion, he's all done. He must be
hired and be responsible to an
outside agency. He should be em-
ployed by the Legislature."
The Senate wrote a provision
into the higher appropriations bill
last month saying "no position of
chancellor or coordinator of high-
er education be established."
The provisioin was modified by
the House Monday to read that
no such post should be established
without legislative approval,
LANSING (M--A House Demo-
cratic caucus yesterday told its
members to vote as they please on
a sales tax referendum.
The decision was a giant step
forward for the Republican pro-
posal for a statewide vote in No-
vember on raising the sales tax
ceiling from three to four cents.
Both Republican and Demo-
cratic leaders were hopeful for a
vote on the Senate-approved res-
"But the way we've been drag-
ging along lately, it's questionable
that we'll get to it," said Rep.
Allison Green (R-Kingston), GOP
Democratic floor leader Joseph
J. Kowalski of Detroit said two
vote tallies might be needed to
get the resolution past the lower
chamber. Seventy-four votes are
necessary to give it the two-thirds
majority required to put it on th'e
Green said the 54 Republicans
would back the referendum unan-
imously, leaving it up to Demo-
crats to produce at least 20 votes.
Kowalski said he might vote
for the proposal, but added:
"I am actually opposed to put-
ting a tax issue on the ballot. It
is legislative prerogative to vote
new taxes and the Legislature
should exercise it."
To Stay High
War Babies Named
Cause by Vroman
By FAITH WEINSTEIN
Applications for freshman ad-
mission have jumped 27 per cent
so far this year, increasing pres-
sure for University expansion,
Director of Admissions Clyde Vro-
man said yesterday.
Vroman attributed the sudden
rise in application rates to two
factors. First is the "beginning of
the tidal wave" of war babies,
which has increased Michigan
secondary school graduating
classes by 15 per cent.
"The other 12 per cent are
mainly the product of multiple ap-
plications, which are insurance
policies, part of the scare psy-
chology "which has forced stu-
dents to apply more to colleges
earlier in order to assure them-
selves of a place to go."
It is this "tidal wave" which
must be considered in plans- for
University and general higher edu-
cational expansion. The advent of
the war babies will "increase the
number of 18 year olds by more
than 50 per cent within the next
five years," Vroman said.
"We kept hoping and hoping
last year the Legislature would
realize that more students wanted
to go to college," and that they
would vote funds for the Univer-
sity to expand.
"But they held up the appro-
priation so long that we couldn't
expand, and with the increasing
number of applicants, we had to
cut out some of the top Michigan
residents who applied, for the first
time in the history of the Univer'.
He added that while some states
are doing their best to pace col-
leges with the rising population,
Michigan is doing just the op-
His outlook for possible Michi-
gan expansion in the near future
was not terribly hopeful. "It all de-
pends on when parents get mad.'
enough to want education for their
children." The present problem of
college education will have to "hurt
a lot more people before it will be
"If they don't let us expand we
will have to be even more selec-
tive than we are now," Vroman
said regretfully. He found this
solution unsatisfactory - not ade-
quate to fill the country's or the
"It is in the American tradition
to allow all individuals the right
to try to stretch themselves," edu-
cationally, a right which is de-
feated by a college system too
crowded to educate the average
"Now we are faced with a new
problem -- survival - which must
be solved by making the best pos-
sible use of our manpower."
Vroman's idea for solution Is
twofold. In Michigan, he feels that
a number of two year junior col-'
leges should be provided, which
would offer a "broader educational
base" for the state.
Junior colleges are specifically
needed to offer the average studenit
a chance for education that in.
creased selectivity has denied him.
Education is advancing to a new
plateau, Vroman predicted. "With-
in the next decade the majority
of students will have 14 years of
education,"ereplacing the present
12 year level.
Two years of college will pro-
vide technical training in skills
needed to get a good job, while
[shifting out those students who
are not able to handle four years
of higher education,
"No high school graduate should
be forced to stop learning," Vro-
man declared. "It is tragic that
COMMENT ON PRIMARY:
By SANDRA JOHNSON
"Kennedy is not nominated yet; he still has a long way to go,"
Norman C. Thomas of the political science department observed
"Nobody that has won a Wisconsin primary has ever become
president. In fact, only one even received the nomination."
"In the recent primary," Thomas continued, "Kennedy did not
have a decisive triumph, and Humphrey was not severely damaged."
"If any Democrats gained from the voting in Wisconsin, they
were the people who were not entered; that is, Sen. Lyndon Johnson,
Sen. Stuart Symington and Adlai Stevenson."
"As far as Humphrey and Kennedy were concerned," Thomas
said, "it was a stand-off in the race for the nomination."
"Undoubtedly religion was an issue, but the farm issue over-
shadowed it by far in the primary itself. Humphrey's reputation as
the champion of the small farmer stood him in good stead."
"Kennedy, having no special appeal to farmers, relied upon the
ronsin 'Win' Questioned