THE MICHIGAN DAILY
r THE MICHIGAN DAILY
City Board of Education
Asks for Tax Increase
Group Solves Russian Grammar Computer Problem
(Continued from Page 1)
The Ann Arbor Board of Educa-
tion decided Wednesday to ask
taxpayers for an additional two
and three-fourths mills for a ten-
The special election will be held
Tuesday, May 10.
Taxpayers who live in the city
would pay abolt $4.70 additional
for each $1,000 of assessed valu-
ation. Figures for other parts of
the school district will be pub-
Next year the board will ask to
renew a three mill extra levy that
expires in December. 1960. An-
other two and a half mills will
expire in December, 1962.
Approximately $590,000 would be
brought in next year if the two
and three-fourths mills are passed.
All board members agreed that
the millage request is insufficient
for the type of program they
Most of the money will be used
to hire new teachers and raise
teachers' salaries. The rest will go
for curriculum development, pro-
fessional improvement, equipment
and supplies for the Buhr Park
and Lakeway elementary schools,
and rehabilitation of five existing
schools to meet fire regulations.
The salary schedule approved by
the board would increase the
starting teacher's salary.
Linda Hiratsuka was chosen
president of the nursing school
senior class in elections held with-
in the school Wednesday, publicity
chairman Judith Gray, '61N, an-
Vice-president Is Ann Fang-
boner, Judy Dukesherer is secre-
tary and Linda Mayer was elected
In the pharmacy school senior
class elections, Roger Nykamp was
chosen president, Marian Johnson
vice-president, Mildred Conlin sec-
retary, and Patricia Yeotis treas-
Since working on the computer,
project and learning of the fa-
vorable results, Prof. Matejka is
very interested in doing more of
this type of research.
The range of the computer is
limited to Russian technical lan-
guage and is used as a research
aid in the translating of techni-
cal articles into English,
The computer, a Univac, holds
over 15,000 words -- only a por-
tion of the total Russian vocabu-
lary. It was necessary to limit the
scope of the computer in order
to assure the successful perform-
ance of the machine.
Russian was chosen for trans-
lation by machine because it is
an inflected language in which
the meaning of the word depends
to a larger extent on the ending.
This makes it easier to control
than a language like English in
which the position of the word
plays an important part in deter-
mining the grammatical meaning.
The language was also chosen
because of the increased need for
a mechanical translator of Rus-
sian technical articles, although
this was of secondary importance
because the project originated as
an academic problem and the di-
rect "usefulness" was only a
minor consideration, Prof. Matej-
ka pointed out.
Prof. Oettinger "succeeded in
mixing usefulness and academic
research" in the project, he said.
The Harvard mathematician was
interested in the computer trans-
lation primarily as an academic
problem; "How much can y'ou
do?" was the question.
necessary for him to have some
knowledge of the electronic pro-
gramming techniques because the
project was "too intricate."
"Recognition of the grammati-
cal ,functions of the word" was
the most important achievement
of the computer while he was
working on the project, Prof. Ma-
There were three information
problems which had to be solved
in preparing the computer. pro-
gram: the morphological, the syn-
tactical and the semantic, the lin-
He was quick to add that the
machine is far from a perfect
translator but it is the best that
has been completed at the pres-
Despite present mechanical and
judgement impediments, Prof.
Matejka sees the day when a
translator will solve these prob-
lems but he does not think that
a machine can ever perfectly
translate Russian into English.
Prof. Mateka plans toreturne
to Harvard this summer to use
the computer for the study of Old
UNWANTED-The gentleman standing in front of the Pharmacy
Building has Just four days to get out of town. He's an eight-
foot-tall snowman, and Monday is the first day of spring.
Folksingers To Present
Song, Poetry Program
211 S. State
105 L Liberty
"Two on the Stool," a contem-
rary program of song, poetry
id Jazz, will begin a tour of
idwestern college campuses with
rformances at 7:30 p.m. and 10
mn. tomorrow in the Ann Arbor
While sitting on tall captain
ools, folksinger - guitarist Jan
inkler and her partner Win
ells will present a nocturnal
)otenany of Elizabethan, Euro-
pean and Yankee-American folk
Parodies of contemporary affairs
and musical footnotes by the
Frank Morrelli jazz quartet will
also be included in the program.
Win Wells will read an original
poem, "Naked Sandals," which has
been set to music composed by
Tickets for both performances
will be available at the door. i
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