Bee Page 4
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
Continuied cold with
anow by afternoon.
VUL. 5aA., No. 116
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1960
__.._ ti7id7A. i i1 #
IN PIVOTAL YEAR:
Bagwell Views Plans
Board Posts Open
In Campus Vote
BY JEAN SPENCER
A total of 1,850 students-lowest
first day turnout in history-cast
ballots yesterday in all - campus
Student Government Council elec-
Previous low was slightly under
2,000 votes, cast on the first day,
of last fall's elections.
Fair weather yesterday was
called, "unusually good," "the best
in years" for the spring election.
"The turnout was good, but
could have been better," SGC
Elections Director Dottie Dedo,
e rp ont Compar es
Tuition to Income
By THOMAS KABAKER
"The in-state student is no worse off today than he was 20 years
ago, as far as tuitions go," University Vice-President for Business
and Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont said last night.
Comparing the percentage increase of disposable personal income
and increases in student fees, the two figures have risen by about
the same amount, Pierpont noted.
Seven persons turned out to hear Pierpont speak at the Political
Issues Club on "Another Tuition Raise?" "Out-of-state tuitions have
risen quite a bit more," he said, indicating a 300 per cent increase
in out --of - state tuitions since',,
In Lansing, Gov. G. Mennen
Williams said earlier that govern-
ing boards of the state's niversi-
ties and colleges are opposed to
raising tuition frees because theyF
are high enough now.
"I agree with them," Williams
said. "To raise fees would be a>
move in the wrong direction. It
THOUGHTFUL CHOICE-One of the 1,850 University students
who voted In the al-campus elections yesterday makes his choice.
The following statement is an explanation of the action
which the Joint Judiciary Council took against Brereton Bissell
in disqualifying him from running for election to the Student
Mr. Bissell's case was referred to the Joint Judiciary Council
by the Credentials and Rules Committee of the Student Govern-
In this referral the Credentials and Rules Committee alleged
that Mr. Bissell had violated certain regulations governing the
campaigns of all the candidates seeking election to the Student
The Committee alleged that Mr. Bissell had printed addi-
tional campaign material which directly or indirectly would have
aided his candidacy without first clearing this action through
the proper authorities; had made additions to his platform state-
ment after it had been printed and approved; and had used
facilities other than those specified by the Student Government
Council in furthering his action.
In addition they pointed out that Mr. Bissell had exceeded
his campaign expense limitation; however, this was not the
major issue for consideration. In each case it was apparent to
the Joint Judiciary Council that if Mr. Bissell had in fact taken
the above actions he was clearly in violation.
The Joint Judiciary Council in determining the eligibility
of individuals referred to it in cases involving election rules has
three alternatives to consider.
1. They may find that a candidate had not in fact violated
the election rules, in which case he would be eligible as a
2. They may find that the candidate had in fact violated
the election rules but not to the extent that it warranted his
3. They may find that the candidate had in fact violated
the election rules to the degree that it warranted an action to
In light of the evidence presented by the Credentials and
Rules Committee and Mr. Bissell's own testimony during the
lengthy interview, the Joint Judiciary Council decided that Mr.
Bissell had violated the elections rules, was aware that he was
doing so when the alleged violations were being committed,' and
that his violations were of sufficient degree to disqualify him.
'the Joint Judiciary chose to ignore the fact that Mr. Bissell
had exceeded his budget by the amount of thirty-two cents for
they felt that this was not sufficient grounds on which to dis-
The Council, however, was compelled to view seriously the
fact that Mr. Bissell had printed certain statements which could
be construed as aiding his candidacy, and had used this printed
statement as an addition to his platform that was distributed
on campus with the statements attached, and had done so
without the permission of the authorized body.
The case of Mr. Paul Heil was also referred to the Joint
Judiciary Council by the Credentials and Rules Committee of
the Student Government Council. In the referral the Credentials
and Rules Committee alleged that Mr. Heil had violated the
regulations governing the election by the use of a gimmick,
which was specifically forbidden. The gimmick referred to was
the same statement which Mr. Bissell had printed and distrib-
Polls Open would be better to provide scholar-
Polls will be open until 4:30, ships on national and state levels."
when all voting will stop, she High Enough
added. The Union polling place Sen. Harold M. Ryan (D-
will open at 11 a.m. today. Detroit) said tuition fees are as
The elections will fill six SGC high as they can be, and more
seats, as well as positions on the boosts will keep some youngsters
Boards in Control of Student from attending college.
Publications and Intercollegiate He warned that the Senate's
Athletics, senior class officer posts, proposed appropriations for Uni-
and Union Board of Directors. versity budgets would force an
Daniel S. Goldsmith, '63L, is increase in tuition, put a ceiling
running for the Law Sch 1 post on enrollments, halt pay raises for
on the Union board. John Blood- faculties and lead to other aus-
good, '61, William Carmell, '61, terity economies.
James F. Hadley, '61, Gayle E.C
King, '61E, Robert V. M. Morse, Less Capital Outlay
'61E, Richard J. Sideman, '61, Senate Republican caucus leader
Richard M. Seifman. '61, and John Frank D. Beadle (St. Clair) said
Tuohy, '62, are running for four that if the overall total is in-
all-campus positions on the board. creased, it will mean less money
Incumbents in Race for capital outlay for the institu-
Incumbents nn frac SOCs.
Incumbents running for SGC The grants which must now
reelection are John Feldkamp, '61, be approved by the House are
Roger Seasonwein, '61, M. A. $35,228,953 for the University;
Hyder Shah, Grad., and Per Han- $29,471,835 for Michigan State
son, '62. University; $15,424,000 for Wayne
Also competing for SGC seats State; Ferris Institute, $1,874,000;
are Eleanor Cook, '61, Don Cor- Western Michigan University,
riere, '61, James Hadley, '61, Paul $4,852,617; Eastern Michigan Uni-
!Heil, '63. Bob Molay, '62, Fredves4,83,064,000:tentrihianMici-
Riecker,'63,'and ArthurRosen- versity, $3,064,000; Central Michi-
baum '62. e Uiehigan $2,814,000; North-
Brereton Bissell, '61, was dis- eg hiniga eHoughton
qualified Monday night by Joint College of Mmmg and Technology
Judiciary Council for violating and the Sault Ste. Marie branch,
election rules. $3,124,000.
By PHILIP SHERMAN
and MICHAEL HARRAH
Paul Bagwell acknowledged las
night that 1960 is the pivotal yea
in his budding political career.
In Ann Arbor last night for a
speech to the Young Republicans
Club, the GOP gubernatorial pos-
sibility said he would permanantl3
withdraw from active politics, tak-
ing an 'elder statesman's' position
if he decides not to run this yea
or if he runs and loses his bid.
He would not confirm rumor
he will seek the governor's nomina-
tion, saying only he will announc
definite plans in late April.
Sen. Carlton H. Morris (R-Kala-
mazoo), thus far the only entr
in the GOP sweepstakes, canno
win though, Bagwell added.
And Morris' entry has broughi
"considerable pressure" on him tc
also run, Bagwell admitted.
Bagwell said that if he runs, he
will regard Morris as the chal-
lenger with the obligation to criti-
cize his program and offer sug-
Bagwell promised "to give rea-
sons why I should be nominated,"
if and when he decides to run. He
asserted he has not changed his
program since he held "unity"
meetings with GOP senators last
He declined to appraise Demo-
cratic gubernatorial hopefuls, Lt.
Gov. John B. Swainson and Secre-
tary of State James M. Hare.
Campaign on Issues
Bagwell feels the GOP should
campaign on issues, rather than
personalities in the November
election; it should forget the op-
position and offer a positive pro-
gram of its own.
He said the Republican cam-
paign.should be conducted more
fully in the Southeastern coun-
ties of the state.
"After all, here is where half of
Michigan's resident voters reside.
This should require, then, half of
Bagwell's previous campaigns
have been concentrated largely
outstate in "safe" Republican dis-
He acknowledged there is a split
between his own forces and the
delegations from some outstate
counties. The rift became ap-
parent last weekend in a meeting
of county representatives.
The issue at stake was the "con-
servatism" or "liberalism" of the
potential candidates. Bagwell re-
emphasized that he objects to these
labels, but that the counties in
question were firm in advocation
He labeled as "sheer nonsense"
charges that he hews too closely
to the progarm of Gov. G. Mennen
Williams, and that this will hurt
party chances in November, if he
elects to run.
There is no real need for a
balanced GOP ticket with one
"conservative" and one "liberal,"
Bagwell added. He stressed, too,
that such terms tend to "stratify"
political thinking and distort is-
A ticket of himself and Sen. Ed-
ward Hutchinson (R-Fennville),
candidate of the Senate, would not
be inconsistent, Bagwell added,
though he said he was not en-
dorsing anyone for the lieutenant-
Bagwell also supported tuition
boosts for state universities, and
condemned the NDEA loan oath
and affidavit requirements.
He is "convinced the majority
of students could pay more" to-
wards education costs, since tax-
payers, most of whom are not edu-
cating children, already support
a heavy burden.
... tuition, scholarshlp~
One of the rules forbids candi-
dates to campaign without per-
mission or approval of the elec-
Bissell also exceeded his cam-
Count night will begin at 7
p.m. tonight in the Union Ball-
On UN Today
Prof. Edwin C. Hoyt, visiting
the University Law School from;
Hamilton College, will lead a
seminar on 'The United Nations
Charter and U.S. Security Pol-
icy," at 7:30 p.m. today in the
The location of the seminar,
formerly scheduled for the Hon-
ors Lounge, will be posted near
the library entrance.
Wayne State University Presi-
dent Clarence B. Hilberry has
charged a "significant lag" in the
tax support given Wayne State.
He based his protest on the per
capita rate allowed Wayne, the
University and Michigan State
He said tht total amount al-
lotted all three schools amounted
to $1,060 per studerrt but Wayne's
appropriations was only $725 per
Pierpont said the point of issue
was the relationship between stu-
dent fees and appropriations.
He noted that senior members
of the faculty do not leave because
of salaries, but said that low pay
was the cause of many younger
teachers leaving the profession.
Pierpont listed the University's
primary needs as 1) salary in-
creases for University personnel;
2) new equipment, and 3) a short-
age of teachers Income areas.
GENEVA (-) - The Russians
opened the 10-nation East-West
disarmament conference yester-
day by tagging the West's plan as
They called for total world dis-
armament as expounded by Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev.
"I am deeply convinced that
the day is not far off when the
age-long dream of humanity will
come true and the world will live
without arms or wars," Khrush-
chev said in a message of greet-
ing read by his representative,
United States A m b a s s a d o r
Frederick M. Eaton sounded a!
strong call for the three-stage
program worked out by the West-
ern participants - the United
States, Britain, France, Italy and
He urged the conference to
take "immediate action to pre-
vent an extension of the arms
race into outer space."
Khrushchev's message to the3
conference in the Palace of Na-
tions said the Soviet representa-
tives have been instructed "to as-
sist in every way in its fruitful
work and to strive for the early
drafting of an agreement on total
and universal disarmament."
He expressed hope that otherl
participants will "make their+
contributions" to this end.
REPUBLICAN QUESTION--Paul Bagwell, GOP "liberal" who lost
the gubernatorial election in 1958, is preparing to officially an-
nounce his political plans for 1960.
'A CA DEMIC QUESTION':
By PAT GOLDEN
The Catholic clergy gives no instruction to any Catholic voter
it would give no instruction to John Kennedy if he were elected,'
Prof. Jerome Kerwin of the University of Chicago political science
department said yesterday.
"Many people feel that a campaign by Kennedy would have
clerical interference, but my experience has been that the Catholic
clergy tends to lean too far backward to avoid politics."
He observed that from the Church one would not even be con-
scious that there was a campaign in progress. In his lecture giver
under the auspices of the Off ice
of Religious Affairs, Prof. Kern ex-
amined the popular ideas con-
cerning a Catholic candidate for
He qualified his speech with the
comment that the question is
purely academic at this point,
since the candidates for the 1960
election have not yet been se-
There is a surprising amount of
indifference among Catholics on
this issue, Prof. Kerwin feels.
"1-th lrr unIA tni rr i
Cathoncs wouid vote more as'
a body if a bitter campaign were
raised against their candidate
than otherwise," he added. A sur-
vey conducted by the Catholic
magazine "Jubilee" indicated that
the religious issue was a rela-
tively minor factor in the political
sentiments of its audience.
"The issue of birth control, if
it ever comes up, will be one small
item in a full-scale foreign aid
bill," Prof Kerwin said.
"Catholics approve highly of
foreign aid. Kennedy would not
veto a complete foreign aid bill
because of one small section, and
the president does not have the
power of item veto. He must deal
with the entire bill only."
...religion and politics
By IRIS BROWN
"s tihis project producing fer-
ment, or just maintaining the
status quo?" was the criterion for
evaluating foreign aid that Prof.
Samuel Hayes emphasized last
night at the first SGC seminar of
the campus United Nations Week.
At present, the United States
grants $3.2 billion yearly in the
form of defense supports and
military, economic and technical
aid to countries asking for assist-
ance. The President has request-
goods and opportunities for econ-
"Though we may underesti-
mate the importance of humani-
tarian reasons, many humanitar-
ian groups had strong lobbies in-
Prof. Kerwin noted that it is
d+Protestant groups, not Catholic
F ore A ones, which enact birth control
. S . o re legislation in the states.
"The last thing Catholics would
do, even in a Catholic society,
fiuencing the congressional deci- Since this is not a great percent- would be to enact religion into
sion on the Point Four Program. age, there must be impetus in the law."
"In creating viable economies countries themselves which will Another common misconception
in other countries, land, all nat- eventually create self-dependent is that the Catholic Church, if it
ural resources, capital, manage- countries. represented a definite majority in
ment, and labor-both the quan- "This self-sufficiency," he em- the United States, would squelch
tity and skill - must be devel- phasized, "will be dependent upon the liberties of other groups, Prof.
oped," he said. 1 people in the country who can Kerwin said.
This is being done by helping provide capital, education, and In the first place, there is little
to discover natural resources and the technological ideas stemming chance that the Church will be-
applying capital to utilize them, from the country's own needs and come a majority within the next
providing training for both labor people as solutions to their unique hundred years. Second, the theory
and management, giving noney problems." Fis not that of the Church, and
in the form of loans and grants, He stated that family loyalties finally, no position has been set
and increasing public health pro- and a distaste for hand labor are by the Church because each coun-
Eight University students and
one professor have pleaded guilty
to charges of attempting; to pro-
cure an act of gross indecency be-
tween males, and will be - sen-
tenced March 24.
All nine: previously had either
stood mute to he charge or plead-
ed not guilty. Their attorneys had
argued the "gross indecency"
charge was unconstitutional and
that the men had been "en-
trapped" by police officers.
But the nine pleaded guilty
Saturday following the earlier
ruling of Circuit Judge- James R.
Breakey, Jr., that the charge was
both constitutional and explicit
enough to warrant trial of the al-