BIG TEN PROPOSAL
See Page 4
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
:43 t I
Little change in temperature,
with strong southerly wiisds,
VOL. LXX, No. 110
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 9, 1960
In State Senate
Republicans Force Throughi Bill
As Democrats Solidly Oppose It
LANSING ()-Majority Republicans, rejecting a compromise,
yesterday forced through the Senate a constitutional convention plan
vigorously opposed by most Democrats.
Under it, the GOP probably would control framing of constitution
rewrite in 1961 roughly two to one.
The bill passed the Senate on a straight party line vote, 22 to 11,
with only Sen. Philip Rahoi (D-Iron Mountain) unrecorded.
Rep. Joseph J. Kowalski of Detroit, Democratic floor leader,
predicted defeat in the House. He said Democrats wouldn't even have
.to caucus to straighten their lines.
Discuss Big Ten Plat
Missionary Tours U.S. To Promote Aretic Culture
.. . talks of Utopia
By ARMIUR EDSON
Associated Press Newsfeatures Write
WASHINGTON - Of all thi
nation's treasures, few are mor
coveted abroad than the Englis
"This is something that peopl
around the world want badly,
Annis Sandvos said yesterday
"The desire is out of this world."
Miss Sandvos should know. Sh
has taught English in Greece, en
she now heads the English speak
ing program for the United State
Many a congressman complain,
bitterly that too few of us bothe
to master another language
Which, alas, is true.
Communication is Two-Way
But communication is a two
way line. If we can't speak then
language, maybe they can spea
About 140 teachers, hired by'u
taxpayers, spread the Englis:
gospel. Many of these are in Lati:
t America, but teachers also hav
gone to spots as scattered as Cam
bodia, Formosa, Laos, Afghani-
stan, Jordan, Guinea and Somalia,
This year they have 175,00
students (up from 70,000 eigh
years ago). And there are refresh
er courses for 6,344 natives wh
teach English to another 1,225,600
Set in Centers
Mostly these classes are in bina
tional centers, set up by our gov
ernment and theirs. Students usu
ally pay tuition, and get a chance
not only to learn English, but als'
to use the English library.
Why this desire for English?
Aside from the great interes
in this country, there are severa
In this day of internationa
travel, Miss Sandvos says, English
has become the language of air-
ports. Engineers and doctors need
it because so many technica
works are in English. Thanks to
England's early traders, it's a finn
language for commerce.
Ancient Tongues Taught
Miss Sandvos has first hard
knowledge of the enthusiasm. She
was shocked when she went to
Greece in 1951 and discovered tha
modern languages weren't taugh
in public schools.
"They went in for ancient Greel
and Latin," she said. "Incredible
Like other employers, the in-
formation people have trouble
finding good personnel. They hun
teaching competence, plus an
~ability to fit Into a foreign en-
"We prefer not to take teachers
of English," Miss Sandvos sai
firmly. "They're too set on making
the distinction in the use of 'shall
PORTLAND WP)-Sen. Richard
L. Neuberger (D-Ore.), stricken b3
a cerebral hemorrhage yesterda3
afternoon, weakened last evening
and a hospital bulletin at 10:15
p.m. called his condition grave.
He was in a coma.
Even before this turn for the
worse his wife said he would not
seek reelection this year.
He had filed only a week ago
for the May 20 primary.
The dadlmine for . iines is Fri-
Gov. G. Mennen Williams assailed
the plans as "unfair and a trav-
esty on justice, particularly flying
in the face of popular sentiment"
reflected in petition efforts of
organised women voters and young
Before passing the bill by Sen.
L. Harvey Lodge (R-Waterford),
the GOP majority axed the legis-
lative version of the proposal for
which the League of Women Vot-
ers and the state Junior Chamber
of Commerce is gathering peti-
If the initiatory petition drive
succeeds, their so-called compro-
mise proposal will go on the Nov.
8 ballot despite Republican Sen-
The key to the League-Jaycee
proposal is a delegate apportion-
ment plan calling for one delegate
for each existing Senate and
House district-144 in all.
If political division in the re-
write followed the present pattern
in the legislature, Republicans
would have a margin of 77 to 67.
In preferring the delegate basis
of three for each senatorial dis-
trict to that urged by the League
and Jaycees, Republican senators
split from the position taken by
Paul D. Bagwell, party titular
head, by the GOP State Central
Committee, and by Gov. Williams.
The resolution that might have
embodied the League-Jaycee pro-
posal first was gutted by senators
and then flattened on a decisive
vote of six favoring and 26
At first, 10 other Republicans
were recorded in favor of the then
meaningless resolution but later
asked that their vote be changed
to "No." Democrats were solid
The senate, before recessing for
committee work, killed a bill by
Sen. Stanley F. Rozycki (D-Ham-
tramck) designed to clear away
red tape in the dismissal of circuit
court bailiffs in Wayne County.
The Managers' Council recently
placed Gordon A. Berenson, '62,
and Thomas N. Osterland, '62E,'
on the spring election ballot for
the Board in Control of Inter-
collegiate Athletics, elections di-
rector Dorothy Dedo, '6Ed., said
David Cristy, '62, has removed
his name from the list of candi-
dates in the Student Government
Council elections, SGC Adminis-
trative Vice-President Nancy
Adams, '60, also announced yes-
Cristy said that his reasons for
dropping out of the race were
"simply academic ones."
Constance Kreger, '60, had drop-
ped her name from the list of
Paul Krynicki dropped his name
from the list of those running for
the Board in Control of Studenti
Publications, Miss Dedo said.
By JEAN SPENCER
Treatment of the Utopian con-
cept in literature has come full
circle from Sir Thomas More to
George 9rwell and Aldous Hux-
ley, Assistant Dean of Men John
Bingley said yesterday.
"All the horrors Huxley and
Orwell drag out in their two
books ('Brave New World' and
'1984') may be things people
longed for in earlier- Utopian lit-
erature," he explained.
Bingley's generalized definition
of Utopian literature is a fiction-
al treatment of the concept of a
"never-never land" as if it were
real, with a self-contained gov-
ernmental structure. He exclud-
ed science fiction and actual
working plans for experimental
societies like Brook Farm.
Utopist writers criticize the so-
cieties they live in either directly
or by implication, he added.
Leading' the final seminar in
the Student Government Council
between semesters Reading and
D i s c u s s i o n program, Bingley
traced the development of Utop-
ian literature from More's "Uto-
pia," the original Utopian book
published in 1516, to contempor-
The literary form began with
More's fictional construction of
an ideal society criticizing by
contrast 16th century England
under Henry VII. The early Uto-
plan writers formed the "van-
guard of the political reformers,"
As Western society adjusted to
the Renaissance, men were con-
fronted with a major problem -
"how does one guarantee freedom
to an individual within an insti-
Utopian literature c e n t e r e d
around the idea that society
would become better because men
and women were better, Bingley
said, and that the institutions of
society kept the individual from
achieving his true alms.
In the 19th century, treatent
of the Utopian concept changed;
writers began to think that men
could not realize their individual
potentials unless the social en-
vironment was propitious, he con-
This reversal can partly be ex-
plained by history, he said. As a
result of a series of revolutions-
the American and French revolu-
tions and the Great Reform Bill
in England - Utopian ideas were
"to a degree worked out."
America particularly became a
proving ground for many such
ideas, he added.
Bingley noted fourteen inter-
pretations of More's "Utopia,"
any of which can be supported by
the text and many of which con-
tradict one another, asserting
that his is one of -a wide range of
interpretations of the work.
By BEATRICE TEODORO
"Anything that moves doesn't
stand a chance," said tle Rev. Fr.
Andrew Peter Steinmann, speak-
ing about the struggle for\ exiist-
ence in the Arctic.
Father Steinmann is a mission-
ary from Povungnutuk on the
Hudson Bay, where he founded a
mission and orphanage. _He is
touring the United States "to pro-
mote Eskimo culture and help
the Eskimos economically."
With him are three Eskimo
sculptors, Peter "Angutikerk, Isah
Kopergroaluk, and Charlie Shee-
guapik. The latter has attained
such fame as a sculptor that he
was recently elected a member of
the Sculpture Society of Canada
The "struggle for existence" is
reflected in the stone art forms
that have become popular in the
United States. People have com-
mented that most of the Eskimo
statues are stooping and bending.
According to Father Stein-
mann, this is characterizing the
effort and work found in the rug-
get Eskimo life.
In slides and movies, Father
Steinmann shows the sculpting
technique. The Eskimos begn
with soapstone they have quar-
ried themselves, and shape and
smooth the stone with increas-
ingly delicate tools.
The finished object is polished
with sandpaper and wool, and
sometimes is even oiled. The
dusty white soapstone takes on a
blue shine which even deepens
As the skill and method of the
Eskimo artists improved, they
tended to become more sophisti-
cated In their style. However, now
they are gradually returning to
their former simplicity.
In Povungnutuk, the sculptors
have organized a local chapter of
the Sculpture Society of Canada.
Each Saturday they come to the
mission to comment on business,
and to arrange buying and selling
When deciding the price of an
object, each member writes his
estimate. The average of these es-
timates is taken, and thus the
price is fixed.
Other aspects of Arctic life, be-
sides the art, interest Father
His slides and movies included
scenes from a Christmas party at
the mission. Bags of used but
good clothing were distributed to
each family. Then tobacco was
scattered on the floor, and there
were "scrambles," first among the
men, and then the women, in an
effort to collect the most tobacco.
Simplicity is the keynote in
most Eskimo homes. Cooking is
kept to a minimum, as the Es-
kimos have developed a taste for
raw fish, meatsand blubber.
Mobility is also one of the fea-
tures of an Eskimo home. A six-
foot diameter snow house can be
built in less than an hour with
several men. A larger one, about
20 feet in diameter would prob-
ably require a day.
F'a m i i e s generally change
homes when the first one gets too
dirty or too icy. .
Father Steinmann also showed
scenes with vast expanses of
snow, dotted intermittently with
snow houses and dog sleds. Then
he admitted a little sheepishly,
"When we were in West Virginia
we were snowbound."
ESKIMO SCULPTURE-Sculptors from the- Arctic regions have been acclaimed only recently for
their abilities. Above are shown some examples of the sculpture created by three Eskimo artists who
are touring the United States 4 the present time. One of them, Charlie Sheeguapik, has been honored"
for his excellent works by being elected to the Sculpture Society of Canada.
NEW HAMPSHIRE PRIMARY:
Kennedy, Nixon Attract Large Vote
MANCHESTER, N. H. (A') --
Vice-President Richard N i x o n
(R) and Sen. John F. Kennedy
(D-Mass.) rolled up overwhelm-'
ing victories inNew Hampshire's
presidential primary yesterday
but Kennedy's appeared to be
With one-third of the state's
300 precincts reported, the unof-
ficial tabulation showed Nixon
only about 2,500 votes ahead of
Kennedy out of a total of nearly
23,000 votes cast.
The two presidential hopefuls,
however, were not running
against each other, as in a gen-
eral election. Each was on a sep-
arate ballot and the voters could
not cross party lines.
Democrats Turn Out
What it meant was that many
more Democrats a p p ar ently
turned out to vote than were ex-
pected to do so - or that fewer
Republicans went to the polls in
this traditionally R ep u bli c a n
Nixon - unopposed on the Re-
publican preference poll ballot --
was far outdistancing New York
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, who
received a small write-in vote.
Kennedy handily defeated his
only ballot rival, Chicago manu-
facturer Paul C. Fisher, in the
Democratic popularity contest.
But Kennedy appeared to be
making significant inroads on the
traditional 2-1 margin which Re-
publican candidates have enjoyed
over their Democratic opponents
in past primaries.
In Washington, Kennedy is-
sued a statement expressing ap-
preciation to voters in the na-
tion's first presidential primary of
this campaign year.
"It will be a great help on the
road to the nomination in Los
Angeles," said Kennedy.
The rising tide of votes led to
predictions that the total would
probably surpass the 100,000 bal-
lots cast in the last New Hamp-
shire primary and might even ap-
proach the 136,000 record estab-
lished in 1952.
The outcome of the balloting
was not surprising but the unex-
pectedly large voter turnout was.
It apparently stemmed from elec-
ton eve charges by Gov. Wesley
BOSTON -) - Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion of Israel flew
into Boston yesterday voicing the
opinion that Israel's economic
progress, social reconstruction, sci-
entific research, and democratic
government will benefit the whole
Arriving just after top diplomats
from 10 Arab countries jointly
protested in Washington that his
visit to the United States might
worsen Arab-American relations,
Ben-Gurion said "for the time be-
ing I am here on a mission of
getting a degree."
He referred to the plans of
Brandeis University to honor him
tomorrow with a degree of doctor
While Israeli sources at the
United Nations, in NewYork, said
Ben-Gurion plans to confer with
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
tomorrow, the Premier passed up
direct questions on Suez and said
he did not know at present wheth-
er he will confer with Secretary of
State Christian Herter and Presi-
dent Eisenhower during his visit.
"I am pleased to bring the
greetings of the people of Israel to
the people of the United States,"
-he said. "The population of Israel
has doubled in size since my last
visit here nine years ago."
In Washington, the United Arab
Republic protested that Ber-Gur-
ion's visit is aimed at impairing
United States-Arab relations,
The "true purposes" of Ben-
Gurion's visit, the UAR said, are:
"1) To alienate and estrange the
American people from the Arab
people in order to further the il-
legitimate interests of Israel.
"2) To collect American dollars
for the purchase of arms which
will enable Israel to push outward
her present illegal boundaries,
destroy more Arab lives and swell
the population of refugee camps.
"3l Tn inmni, frnfatieism in the
,Powell, Nixon's New Hampshire
campaign manager, that Kenne-j
dy was "soft toward Commun-
Kennedy retorted that this was
a smear and Nixon's Washington
office issued a statement disown-
ing Powell's charge.
The Republican governor said
he was not surprised at the size
of the Kennedy vote. He said
Kennedy has a good campaign
organization in New Hampshire
"and a good organization always
gets out the vote."
With 125 of the state's 300 pre-
cincts unofficially tabulated Nix-
on had 15,306 votes in the -GOP
preference poll, and Rockefeller
drew only 651 write-ins.
In 99 precincts, Kennedy had
piled up 4,178 votes to 1,013 for
Fisher in the Democratic prefer-
Kennedy's strong showing in
the early returns - and many
generally Democratic city wards
were not yet in-raisd the prob-
ability that he would significant-
ly narrow the traditional GOP
Both sides tried to change the
2-1 ratio, Nixon's supporters try-
ing to widen the gap or at least
maintain it; and Kennedy's back-
ers struggling to narrow it so they
could claim a victory.
Top VP Race
Powell and United Nations Am-'
bassador Henry Cabot Lodge
topped the write-in field in the
GOP vice-presidential preference
poll, where no candidate was
Returns from 125 precincts
gave Powell 1,617 and Lodge 1,357.
Both the Vice President and
the Senator from Massachusetts
piled up commanding leads in the
other section of the two-part bal-
lots - the contests for election of
delegates to the national nomin-
Because delegate candidates
backing others didn't file com-
plete slates, Nixon was certain of
five of the state's 14-member
delegation to the GOP cbnvention
and his supporters were far
ahead in all the other races. '
Kennedy was assured of at
least 11 of the 20 Democratic
delegate seats at stake, and the
Senator's backers were leading by
impressive margins for the other
May Discuss It Also
Michigan's Senate took time ou
yesterday to extend a feeler 114
the Big Ten athletic situations a
the University and MichiganrStat
And while two senators urge
creation of a special committee t
inquire into the effects of th
proposed Big Ten ban on1 post
season athletic participation, th
president of the. University o
Wisconsin took a strong stani
against the proposal.
At the University, it was no
certain whether the faculty wouli
discuss the ban at their April
Faculty Senate meeting. Pro
Ferrel Heady of the politIcs
science department, who acts a
secretary to the faculty grou
said last night the agenda fo
the meeting has not yet bee
Faculty May Discuss
Discussion at the meeting wouli
come from questions raised 0
the floor, rather than as a resh]
of reports from the subcommitte
on athletic policy, Prof. Alle:
Smith of the Law School, the sub
committee's chairman, commete
The two state legislators wh
yesterday urged special Sent
committee inquiry into the Iro
posed ban were Senators Haske;
Nichols (R-Jackson) and Ele
The proposal has been referre
to the Senate Business Committe<
headed by Sen. Edward Hutchin
NicholsandPorter said tb
ending of BigTn participato
in national football, basketba&
and other post-season -bowl
championship contests might ai
serious and harmpful consequencE
on the universities through loss
attraction for outstanding big
The special committee would t
directed to confer with facut
representatives and to assay el
fects of the Big Ten vote W
Columbus, Ohio, last week.
Sen. Lewis G. Christman C
(Ann Arbor) said last night b
doubted the resolution would b
passed. Interest is centered in
few senators, he said; "theredis n
outstanding interest. in the Senat
as a whole."
The resolution, if it is passe
would be "strictly advisory or sug
gestive," Sen. Christman explaine
It would carry no authority.
Not in Favor
"Even so, I don't think I'm I
favor of it," the Senator com
mented. "This sort of thing is thi
business of the individual schooli
not the Legislature."
Reaction on another front cani
from University of Minnesot
president James L. Morrill.
Morrill, long an opponent of Bi
Ten participation in the Ros
Bowl, came out against the con
ference athletic directors' ban W
post-season NCAA championships
Morrill issued a statement say
ing he felt "confident that th
action forbidding participation i
the NCAA championships will b
rescinded - and I hope sincerel
The Hectorians Honorary Soci
ety, composed of senior fraternit
men, has supported five candidate
for the Student Governmer
In an open letter to each fra
ternity and sorority, the Societ
has l"isted the qualificationso
candidates John Feldkamp, '61
James Hadley, '61, Per Hanso
'62, Arthur Rosenbaum, '62, an
Roger Seasonwein, 161.
U.S. To View Lunar Eclipse Sunday
Early morning sky gazers will
have an opportunity to see an
astronomical show early Sunday
morning which has amazed man
"We don't have an eclipse every
month because of .the five degrees
tilt of the moon's orbit to the
earth's nath ut in the oP.ri
bra, a dark notch will appear at
its eastern edge and as the moon
plunges deeper and deeper into
the shadow. it will spread over the
will last for 95 minutes, "since the
moon will pass almost centrally
through the shadow." The eclipse
will end at 5:18 a.m.