See Page 4
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
Continued cold with snow flurries
in early afternoon.
VOL L=X No. 101
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1960 FIVE CENTS SIX PAGES
wI I-I T-.-TT. T T1 /' "-
BE NOT YET:
Police Fight Mobs
With Gas as Bombs
Rock Buenos Aires
BUENOR AIRES WP)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower heard the
cheers of perhaps a million Argen-
tines yesterday but ran into Peron-
ista demonstrations that brought
police tear gas into play at one
point. The President could get a
whiff of the gas as he left the
Argentine Congress after an ad-
The demonstrations by followers
of ex-dictator Juan D. Peron
failed, however, to overshadow the
enthusiastic welcome, the biggest
and warmest yet on Eisenhower's
South American trip.
U. S. Baughman, chfef of the
Unted States Secret Sservice, esti-
mated the crowd at 750,000 to a
million - several thousand more
than had greeted Eisenhower in
Brazil's two biggest cities.
To start the day, five bombs
exploded in Buenos Aires, injuring
three people. Supporters of Peron
are usually blamed for frequent
bomb blasts linked with Argen-
tina's political turmoil.
A few Peron demonstrations
marred Eisenhower's parade
through the city, but the worst
came after the parade had ended,
as he was leaving the Congress
Shortly before Eisenhower's car
was due to pass an intersection
near the Congress building one
group of demonstrators raised a
banner proclaiming: "Ike Peron-
ista." Another group of people
quickly shouted "Ike is a democrat
... Ike is no dictator."
Police Move In
The shouts led to blows and
police moved in brandishing clubs
and firing tear gas. They brought
the disturbance under control be-
before Eisenhower's car reached
the scene, but his car moved
through the still drifting gas.
About 150 persons were involved.
a~~lice arrested 12.
When Eisenhower went into the
Congress building a group of about
500 Peronistas shouted slogans and
battled police. Some broke through
police lines but were speedily
Trucks rushed reinforcements to
the area and police formed a solid
wall, interlocking their arms, to
keep the demonstrators back.
Despite the violence, the wel-
come given Eisenhower in this Ar-
gentine capital far surpassed what
many Americans here had ex-
pected in the light of Argentina's
neutralism in World War II and
the relative reserve of the people
as compared with the Brazilians.
Prof. John F. Weimer, of the
English department, died yester-
day at the Whitehall Convalescent
me following a long illness.
Prof. Weimer, who joined the
glish department in 1930, was
appointed assistant professor of
English in 1953 and was named
associate professor in 1955.
Prof. Warner G. Rice, chairman
of the English department, said,
"The services of John Weimer to
the University extended over
nearly a quarter of century. Dur-
ing this time he contributed much
to one of the most significant
parts of the departmental pro-
gram --- the courses in freshman
"Generous in his associations
with students, he encouraged and
stimulated them not only to the
study of literature but also to the
Asia, Afrca at Summit
JAKARTA (R)-Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev told Indo-
nesia's Parliament yesterday that Asia and Africa should be repre-
sented at the summit. But, he added, "maybe the time is not yet ripe.,,
The touring Soviet leader bitterly criticized Japan, supported
Indonesia's claims to Dutch West New Guinea, lambasted the South-
east Asia Treaty Organization, denounced colonialism and preached
coexistence and world disarmament.
His 46-minute speech, read by an interpreter after Khrushchev
spoke the opening paragraphs, was received mostly in silence by an
-- a- - I ~taudience of 300, including foreign
By The Associated Press
Three of the several potential
Democratic presidential nomineesM
have been working to win friends
and influence Midwesterners in
The drive for Democratic dele-
gates in the Wisconsin Presidential
Preference Primary gained mo-
mentum yesterday with Sen. John
Kennedy (D-Mass.) campaigning
hard in the heart of the state's
East on the heels of Kennedy's
three-day tour in North Central
and Northwestern Wisconsin,
which wound up here last night,
Sen. Hubert Humphrey of Minne-
sota will move in today for a four-
day swing through much of the
same area. The men are competing
for the state's delegates to the
Democratic National Convention.
Kennedy emphasized dairy prob-
lems and rural cooperatives legis-
lation as he toured farm areas of
the 9th Congressional District,
generally conceded to be a strong-
hold of Humphrey. Several coun-
ties in the district about Minne-
Sen. Stuart Symington (D-Mo.),
unannounced candidate for the
Democratic Presidential nomina-
tion, arrived in Chicago last night
at the start of a two-day tour of
Northern Illinois to influence
"friends," he said, not delegates.
Symington taped a local televi-
sion show last night and will leave
this evening on a speaking tour
that includes Peoria, Danville,
Rockford, Elgin and Morris.
He has scheduled a similar tour
of Southern Illinois for next week-
Symington said he was not "ac-
tively seeking delegates" but that
his trip should be construed as a
visit to "old friends."
Then, he added, "I've never been
to this area before."
National Convention delegates
from Illinois will be elected in the
April primary. They are not bound
to any candidate.
Before leaving Chicago today,
Symington.said he will meet with
Mayor Richard J. Daley, powerful
Cook County Democratic Chair-
man, and discuss "anything the
Sukarno Not There
President Sukarno, Khrushchev's
host and guide during his 12-day
tour, was not present.
Khrushchev declared Sukarno's
bid for representation at the Sum-
mit "is the only one which is
right." He said other summit
members had turned down a Rus-
sian proposal to include neutral
nations like India, and "maybe the
time is not yet ripe to arrange a
more representative summit con-
But the Big Four meeting in
Paris in May will lead to wider
talks where African-Asian nations
will have their say, he said.
Khrushchev's main theme was
peace and disarmament. He said
economically backward countries
would benefit if the arms race
were halted and the money di-
verted to aid.
"The peoples of the world refuse
to live any longer in the sphere
of tension . . . which threatens
calamity," he said.
Japan's signing of a new joint-
United States security agreement
threatens world peace, he declared,
adding a proverb: "if you sow
wind, surely you will yield a
By permitting foreign (United'
States) military bases on its soil,
he asked if Japan intended to
carry out its plan of the 1920s for
the conquest of Asia.
Khrushchev called the eight-na-
tion SEATO alliance a dangerous'
kind of collective colonialism and
accused it of "provocations and
conspiracies against Indonesia, in
Cambodia and Laos."
Applause broke out only once-
when Khrushchev said Russia sup-
ports Indonesia in her struggle to
get possession of West Irian (West
New Guinea) from the Nether-
Would Have Spotted
CAPE CANAVERAL (AP) - The
United States attempted to launch
a huge military "Spy" satellite into
orbit yesterday but the experiment
was wrecked by rocket failure.
A blazing Atlas missile boosted
the two-ton Midas satellite into
position for a low-flying orbit but
the second stage did not separate
and the entire assembly was con-
sumed by friction heat as it dived
back into the atmosphere 2,500
miles down range.
Radio contact was partially lost
soon after the blastoff and for
more than three hours the fate of
the satellite was unknown. Then
the Air Forces disclosed the fail-
Ended in Failure
An attempt to launch a 14-ton
Polaris missile also ended in fail-
ure when the range safety officer
had to destroy it 90 seconds after'
it was fired.
The huge 28-foot Polaris veered
off course high in the sky. There
had been six successful tests previ-
ously of the Polaris with each
hitting within a city block of its
target over a 900-mile range.
The Midas "Spy in the Sky"
satellite was equipped with an in-
frared scanning device capable of
spotting and reporting almost in-
stantly on the launching of ballis-
Not over Russia
This first experimental satellite
was not aimed for a course over
Russian territory. Its practice mis-
sion was to test its equipment on
missile launching from Cape Ca-
naveral and Vandenberg Air Force
Base in California.
The official Air Force Midas an-
"At approximately the time
planned for separation there was a
loss of telemetery, and ground
tracking equipment did not re-
acquire the space vehicle.
"It is presumed that second
stage separation did not occur and
Midas I burned up upon re-enter-
ing the Earth's atmosphere about
2,500 miles downrange."
There had been indication of
trouble soon after launch.
By THOMAS KABAKER
F'reshmen applications to the
University are ahead 27 per cent
of the figure for this time last
year, according to Gayle C. Wil-
son, associate director of admis-
Byron L. Groesbeck, assistant
director of admissions pointed out,
however, that the number of
freshmen to be admitted in Sep.
tember would be "virtually the
same." Last year's freshman class
Groesbeck said the University
had already admitted 3,200 stu-
dents for next fall, but pointed
out that 40 to 50 per cent of the
out-of-state applicants and 25 to
30 per cent of the in-state appli-
cants who are accepted will choose
not to attend the University.
Wilson said the reasons for the
rise in applications are the in-
crease in the number of people
of college age and the increasing
number of high school graduates
continuing their education.
Clyde Vroman, director of ad-
missions, said he was "not excit-
ed" about the rising number of
applicants. He said that students
are applying to colleges earlier
and applying to more schools
Groesbeck said he expected
more in-state students to be ad-
mitted than last year, but noted
that the change would be slight.
University President Harlan H.
Hatcher said no policy changes
had been made in the in-state,
At present, freshmen classes
are composed of about two-thirds
in-state and one-third out-of-
WINSTON-SALEM R) - Some
300 Negroes voted here last night
to boycott downtown stores which
operate segregated lunch counters.
They were told at a meeting
sponsored by the National Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of
Colored People (NAACP) that
they should "pass the word along"
to other Negroes in the city for
maximum effectiveness of the
They also were told that all
Negro ministers in the city would
make the same requests in their
pulpits tomorrow morning.
They voted to assist white and
Negro students who were arrested
T u e s d a y while demonstrating
against variety stores which prac-
tice segregated seating.
Predict Loan Flexibility
By PHILIP SHERMAN8
Special To The Daily
DETROIT - Prospects the
House will approve legislation
giving the United States Treasury
more flexibility in its borrowing#
operations are "favorable," Un-
dersecretary of the Treasury Fred+
C. Scribner said here yesterday.
There is no real way to estimate
possible Senate action, Scribner
added, since hearings have yet toj
Scribner says the Democrats
have "a willingness to give us"
something" on statements of+
House leaders and a majority of
Ways and Means Committee
Democrats voted to report the
The Administration has asked
a boost in the present four and
one-quarter per cent interest rate
ceiling on long term federal bonds.
The House bills would permit
the Treasury to:
1) Carry out advance refunding
operations with, in effect, no ceil-
ing restrictions at all.
2) Issue long-term bonds total-
ing two per cent of the outstand-
ing debt with no interest ceilings.
(If the full amount is not borrowed
on these terms, the Treasury may
carry over the difference to use
within the next two years.)
3) Make special issues for gov-
ernment trust funds with no ceil-
TOO LATE - Minnesota goalie Chuck Steinweg is sprawled on
the ice unable to stop Michigan's Red Berenson (9) who has Just
slipped the tie-breaking goal into the corner of the net. Min-
nesota's Rick Alm looks on.
Icernen Beat Gophers, 3-2j',
As Berenson Scores Twice
By MIKE GILLMAN
Lightning struck the same place twice within 40 seconds last night
at the Michigan Coliseum.
The target of the lightning was -Minnesota goalie Chuck Stein-
weg's net and the bolts took the form of two quick shots from the
sticks of Michigan hockey players. These two scores wrapped up a
hard-fought 3-2 win for the Wolverines over a scrappy Minnesota
" Puck squad. A frustrated Michi-
gan team skated onto the ice to
start the third period of play, held
to a 1-1 tie with the Gophers, al-
though having outshot them, 28-
17, in the first two stanzas.
W ards It didn't take the storming Wol-
verines long to remedy the situa-
tion as only 3:18 of the period had
the outside reality on the basis gone by before thunderheads Red
that the total reality contributes Berenson and Carl White had
to the patient's return to health. flicked their bolts past Steinweg.
With this in mind, about half the The Gopher goalie almost had
volunteer work takes place in the to hold off the Wolverine attack
pre-release wards. single handed in the second period
"Some situations become so as 17 Michigan pucks were direct-
pathologically bizzare that the ed in his direction. He came up
only reasonable thing to do is with a fine assortment of saves,
laugh" Erbe reports. He found an while allowing but one to get by
interesting although not typical him.
4) Lift the ceiling on savings
Though the Treasury continues
to urge outright removal of the
ceiling from all government bonds,
Scribner said, it recognizes the bill
will permit debt lengthening in
the near future.
"In particular, the bill will per-
mit refunding of outstanding Gov-.
ernment securities in advance of
fnal maturity, which we believe
will be an efficient and economical
technique to help avoid constant
shortening of the debt."
The present short-term borrow-
ing is inflationary, Scribner ar-
gued. Short-term notes are more
like money than investments, and
commercial banks, who buy most
of the short-term notes create ne*r
deposits as they buy notes, adding
to the money supply.
"An expanding money supply,
during a period when pressures on
economic resources are intensify-
ing, adds momentum to inflation-
Short-term Federal borrowing is
also costly and forces up interest
As these rates go up, they cause
people to think more about infla-
tion, Scribner said; therefore, the
rates may be actually anti-infla-
The only real ways to get them
down is increased savings.
Those who advocate low interest
rates are actually working to
boost interest rates, rather than
keep them down because the
Treasury is denied freedom to
manage the national debt in a
Suggestions that the Federal
Reserive System take government
bonds at low interest rates are
invalid, since this would lead to
creation of more money:
When the Federal Reserve buys
a bond, it would chalk up an 'IOU'
to the Treasury, the Treasury
would issue a check based on the
'IOU,' and the check would be re-
deposited in a bank, "creating
credit by bookkeeping."
Though it thus opposes infla-
tion, the GOP does not advocate
deflation, Scribner said. "We want
to keep the present purchasing
power of the dollar."
Scribner supported use of the
planned federal budgetary surplus
to pay off a portion of the na-
The nation is fighting a two-
front war, military and economic.
There is no good either in
strengthening defense without
shoring up the economy too, and
Paying off part of the debt dur-
ing good times will ease the bor-
rowing task during emergencies.
"If we cannot pay it off in pros-
perous times, when in God's name
are we going to do it.
Sound fiscal policies are also
important if the nation is to main-
tain its strong defense. Future
weapons and needs have to be
prepared for, not only immediate
To Enter House
LANSING (P) - The sales tax
resolution will hit the House floor
in slightly different form than
approved by the Senate, Speaker
Don R. Pears (R-Buchanan) pre-
He said sentiment has developed
for taking out the so-called tax
bracket amendment and that this
probably will be done by the con-
stitution revision committee tem-.
porarily headed by Rep. Homer
Basically, the resolution would
submit to voters in November the
question of permanently solving
state revenue woes by bumping
the sales tax from the present
three to four per cent.
"It is felt that the (bracket)
amendment unnecessarily compli-
cates a basic issue,' Pears said.
"As Arnett suggests, it could
well be the excuse by the resolu-
tion's opponents to deny the
people the right to vote on the
Republicans need more than a
crr of Trkmrrn-a vt f. th
Students Help in Men (a
By CAROLINE DOW
Today, a group of University
students are working in the wards
of the Ypsilanti State Mental:
Two weeks from now, another
team will be in the lounge of the'
pre-release wards entertaining or
just talking with a group of nor-
mal human beings. Normal in
every way except that part of theirj
personality has been damaged and
they need help.
"One gains practical under-
standing of the meaning of in-
volvement with a mentally ill per-
son," Richard Erbe, '60, said of
his weekend workcamps in Ypsi-
lanti state hospital.
One of Many
Erbe is one of the many Uni-
versity students who work with
the patients bringing reality and
recreation into the hospital as a
part of a Friends Service week-
"There are two phases of rela-
tionship with a patient. One
meets the intact part of his ego
first, you are his friend, he yours.
Then one will run across the
diseased part of his ego, in a very
vivid way the differences between
his thinking and yours will be
teams "bring controlled reality in-
to the hospital. Patients feel safe
with untrained persons. They are
facing reality, and can test their
progress with someone outside the
padded atmosphere of the hos-
"The therapeutic value goes be-
yond the introduction of social
reality, as the personal contribu-
tion is what the patient needs
most." Both these contributions
fit into the new "Milieu-Tharapy,"
Erbe pointed out.
This new method of therapy is
based on .the gradual increase of
case in a man who was intently
watching the others in the lounge
"to keep them from killing each
other," as he was the sheriff.
Erbe found some "tremendously
intelligent," speaking in a man
suffering from depression who had
written accepted text-books on the
Rorschach methods. Another can
take on two persons at once in
chess and has no trouble trouncing
Workers are given the oppor-
tunity to observe group therapy,
which uses each patient's healthy
ego to treat collectively, the dis-
eased parts of the ego.
This is especially valuable to the
patients as the groups are drawn
from similar classes of people. In
the discussions when any person
voices an unreal or off-base opin-
ion, the group explains what is
wrong with his thinking.
t)-nw.. fr m hirnum P ,,mn
Afigered by the thwarted scor-
ing opportunities, of that second
period, the Wolverines broke the
tie at the 2:38 mark, and were out
in front to stay.
Berenson slipped a loose puck
behind an outstretched Steinweg
for his and Michigan's second
Before the enthusiastic home
crowd had quieted down, White
found himself on the receiving
end of a pass from Al Hinnegan
in front of the Gopher nets. The
slight sophomore, who scored his
first college marker against Min-
nesota at Minneapolis, again
found facing the Gopher netmind-
er a pleasant job as he maneuvered
for position and notched another.
His goal, coming at 3:18, only
39 seconds after Berenson's had
broken the deadlock, appeared to
be an insurance tally or even the
start of a Wolverine onslaught.
.,. . W '