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December 08, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-12-08

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See Editorial Page

Ci r

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Cloudy with showers,
changing to snow

LXXIV, No. 80






'U' May Undergo Public Audit

Applications to

°U' Rise 26 Per Cent










The University may undergo its
first public audit in history simply
as a precautionary measure being
considered by Auditor General
1Billie' S. Farnum to insure the use
of proper accounting procedures
by every state-supported educa-
tional institution.
The Legislature may also write
more stringent accounting require-
ments forthe state-supported col-
leges and universities into the
higherxeducation appropriation
bill next year, Senate Education
Chairman William G. Milliken (R-
Traverse City) said yesterday.
These reactions have come in
the aftermath of Farnum's report
Wednesday that his audit of six

...'rider' amendment

small colleges had uncovered ex-
amples of fund misuses attribut-
able to inadequate accounting pro-
Considers Formal Audit
Since the University was not
involved in this investigation, Far-
num revealed yesterday that he is
"strongly considering the possibil-
ity" of conducting formal audits
on the University and the other
two constitutionally - autonomous
institutions-Wayne State Univer-
sity and Michigan State Universi-
He has no specific suspicions of
fund misuses or inaccurate ac-
counting procedures at the three
institutions, he said. The audit
would be made as a part of series
of examinations "to account for
the use of state funds by all state-
supported agencies and institu-
tions," Farnum explained.
"We have nothing to hide,"
Executive Vice-President Marvin
L. Niehuss emphasized in noting
his reaction to the. auditor gen-
eral's statement.
Annual Audit
Currently, the University re-
ceives an annual audit by a pri-
vate firm and this report is re-
viewed by many of the public
officials evaluating education ap-
propriation requests.
But even before the appropria-
tion bill is taken up in legislative
committees early next year, Rep.
Carroll C. Newton (R-Delton) not-
ed that he had placed a "rider"
amendment on a constitutional
implementation bill which would
permit the auditor general to set
up procedures for a uniform sys-
tem. of accounting.
Milliken, the Senate floor leader,
said that this amendment was not
contained within the bill listing
the auditor general's powers
which his education committee
reported out in a meeting Fri-
day. It could be inserted in floor
sessions next week, he said.
Probably Not Act
He indicated that Senate mem-
bers will probably not act during
the implementation period to take
drastic measures against the high-
er education institutions to insure
their accounting methods are ac-
"We are interested first in see-
ing whether the schools won't
voluntarily take steps toward ar-
riving at uniform accounting
If they seem unwilling to move
in this area, "then the Legislature
may have to prod. them through
restrictive measures," Milliken
Standard Procedures
The Council of State Presidents
is currently conducting studies
Student Group
To Voice Views
The "blue ribbon" Students
Committee on Higher EducationI
began charting its areas of in-
vestigation at a sparsely attended
conference here yesterday.1
The committee, organized along]
similar lines to the Citizen's Com-;
mittee on Higher Education, aims
at giving a detailed student's view
late next year of the state's edu-
cational needs before the citizen's1
group, which is currently working
on a long-range blueprint of the1
state's higher education needs. i
The student's group establishedc
seven subcommittees that will in-
quire into such areas as the goalsc
of education, issues of financingl
and the roles of community .andE
private education.

aimed at achieving standard ac-
counting procedures.
Questioning Farnum's author-
ity to carry out such an audit was
University Attorney E d m u n d
Cummiskey, who indicated that
the University is currently ex-
empt from the jurisdictional au-
thority of the auditor general in
financial affairs.
However, he could not say for
sure whether the new constitution,
effective Jan. 1, might not grant
the auditing privilege to the aud-
itor general.
Predicts No Authority
Farnum predicted that he does
have the authority in this area
now, but declined to comment on
what basis he backed this con-
He would also not say how he
interpreted his powers under the
new constitution.
Noting that his concern wa 4ot
only for educational misuses of
funds through accounting, he also
accused Mackinac Island officials
of running the public portion "in
unbusinesslike fashion."
He explained that among other
financial violations, they nilled the
state for the light and water bills
of Mackinac Island Park Com-
mission members.
Rights .Bill
held a somewhat stormy two-
minute session yesterday, the first
Saturday meeting of the year, to
tick off another legislative day
vital in a parliamentary maneu-
ver to by-pass its Rules Commit-
It was the seventh legislative, or
business, day of the House since
a routine resolution was filed last
week to start the ball rolling for
a vote on civil rights. The reso-
lution amounts to a formal re-
quest to the rules committee to act
on a civil rights bill approved by
the House Judiciary Committee.
The Rules Committee headed by
Rep. Howard W. Smith (D-Va)
had seven legislative days in which
to consider the request.
Adjourns Session
Fewer than 100 members were
on hand when Speaker John W.
McCormack (D-Mass) called the
session to order. The House chap-
lain had just ended the invoca-
tion when Rep. William K. Van-
pelt (R-Wis) demanded the pres-
ence of a quorum, or 218 mem-
Rather than rout out the ab-
sentees, with no business on tap,
acting Democratic leader John E.
Moss of California moved to ad-
journment. McCormack declared
the motion carried and gaveled
the House to adjournment.
The next step in the move to
circumvent Smith's group will be
taken Monday when a petition is
filed to strip the committee of
jurisdiction over the bill. If signed
by 218 members, a majority, the
petition would line up the bill for
a House vote.
May Slow Pace
Smith's announcement that he
would hold hearings on civil rights
legislation in January may slow
down the pace of the discharge
petition. But, if he stalls too long,
there is no doubt that the re-
quired signatures will be obtained.
Should the discharge petition
obtain 218 signatures before next
Friday, the civil rights bill would
be in a position to be considered
starting Dec. 23..

See Larger
Class Size
For 1964
Out-of-State Ratio
To Decline Slightly
The number of applicants seek-
ing admission to the University
has jumped 26 per cent over com-
parable figures of last year.
Assuming admissions officers
follow past trends of selectivity,
this increase means that the 1965
freshman class will be slightly
larger in total numbers and slight-
ly smaller in percentage of out-
of-state students, Byron Groes-
beck, assistant director of admis-
sions, predicted recently.
Groesbeck attributes the total
increase in applications to both
the general population growth and
the trend toward applyng early
to college.
Account for Half
Applications from out-of-state
students probably account for half
the increase, he said.
"And since we must limit the
number of out-of-state students
to last year's number, we will have
to be more selective in accepting
these students than in the past."
In order to help out-of-state
students plan realistically, the of-
fice has started a policy of report-
ing their actions on applications
immediately. These reports place
the applicant in the categories of
"accepted, "on waiting list,"
"qualified but rejected," or "re-
"At least we now have fewer
applicants sitting on pins and
needles until spring," Groesbeck
Little Effect
Groesbeck stressed that the
growth of the freshman class
would have little effect on the in-
crease in the University's totalen-
rollment. This increase is largely
because of the greater number of
students who return after their
freshman, sophomore and junior
In the last three years, the
drop-out rate has decreased from
nine per cent of the freshman
class to seven per cent.
'U' To Receive
Building Grant
The United States Public Health
Service recently granted the Uni-
versity $392,000 to aid in con-
struction of a new Institute for
Social Research building.
Prof. Rensis Likert, director of
the institute, said additional
grants will be received from the
National Science Foundation, Mc-
Gregor Fund, Kresge Foundation
and a number of other business
funds. The total construction is
expected to cost between $1.9 mil-
lion and $2 million with most of
the cost financed by the grants.3
The six-story building will be+
constructed in the 400 block of
Thompson St. on University land
now used for parking.1
The architect, Alden Dow of1
Midland, expects to have working
drawings and bids processed to
begin construction by March.
The grant was announced by
Senators Philip A. Hart and Pa-
trick V. McNamara in Washington.


GNP Lags
In Alliane
WASHINGTON (A)-Statistical-
ly speaking, the Alliance for Pro-
gress has been making mighty,
little progress over-all despite
notable gains in some countries.
The avowed goal of the 10-year
program of social and economic
development for Latin America is
a yearly growth, measured in out-
put per person, of 2.5 per cent.
But recent figures indicate the
1962 per capita national product
of Latin Americans remained
about the same as in 1961, com-
pared with a United States growth
of five per cent.
Program Review
One set of statistics supplied at
the second annual review of the
alliance program at Sao Paulo
last month listed Latin America's
per capita product in 1962 up only
.6 to 1.0 per cent over the pre-
vious year.
Another table, currently used by
Washington officials, reports Latin
American per capita gross national
product last year was down a frac-
tion from 1961.
The United States statistics list
average output per person in Latin
America in 1962 at $267-down $1
from 1961.
Sao Paulo Figures
On the brighter side, the Alli-
ance for Progress record shows up
this way in the figures used at
San Paulo:
Ten of the 16 countries listed
scored higher than the 2.5 per
cent target in 1962. Little Nicara-
gua registered a 7.2 per cent gain
per person. Panama went up 5.2
per cent.
But pulling the average way
down was Latin America's tre-
mendous population growth - 2.9
per cent in 1962-and poor scores
by the biggest nations.
Financially troubled Argentina,
with a population of 21 million,
recorded a per capita product in
1962 5.1 per cent below that of
1961. Brazil, with 75 million, ad-
vanced only 1.3 per cent. Mexico,
with 37 million, went up 1.8 per
Senate, House
Stall over Bill
WASHINGTON (R) - Senate-
House conferees failed to make
any progress Friday on vocational
education legislation.
Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore), the
conference chairman, said that he
now believes that "the odds are

For A
House Meets
For Session
To File List
Adjournment Desire
Rises on Capitol Hill
ment sentiment mounted yester-
day while Senate and House lead-
ers mapped action for the coming
week on some controversial mat-
- House members met for an un-
usual Saturday session as part of
an effort to force action on the
omnibus civil rights bill, already
months behind the timetable
urged by its backers.
The Saturday meeting will per-
mit leaders to file a discharge
petition Monday. If 218 members
sign this, the bill can be taken
from the House Rules Committee
for floor debate and action about
Congress To Continue
Democratic Congressional lead-
ers plan to keep both House and
Senate grinding away two more
weeks until Dec. 20.
But Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-
Ariz) joined in protests against
this, saying, "We ought to com-
plete action on the appropriation
bills and forget the rest of this
Senate Majority Leader Mike
Mansfield (D-Mont) disagreed,
saying "we will be here until the
Appropriation Bills
Biggest logjam facing the ad-
journment-minded Congress in-
volves thermore than a dozen an-
nual appropriation bills. These
supply operating funds for all gov-
ermnent activities for the fiscal
year which began last July 1.
Only four of these have cleared
Congress and been signed into law.
The House, which always acts first
on the money bills, has passed on
all except the annual foreign-aid
Mansfield plans Senate floor
action on three of these money
bills this week, and a compromise
agreement on another.
Four other money bills still are
stalemated in efforts at Senate-
House compromises and these also
are listed for completion this
On Wednesday the Senate will
put aside other matters for
eulogies to the late President and
Senator, John F. Kennedy.
One of the hottest fights is ex-
pected over the compromise on
the foreign - aid authorization,
first in the House tomorrow and
later in the Senate.
As it now stands it would put
a ceiling of $3.59 billion on the
program, or nearly $1 billion below
the request of the late President.

rms, Military

LSA To Employ
New Evaluations
The questionnaires on which literary college students evaluate
their teachers and courses will not be passed out this semester.
Instead, a new form-designed to eliminate some of the objections
to these questionnaires-will be tried experimentally in selected
classes throughout the college. "We hope to distribute them in every
type of class in every major field," Prof. Louis I. Briggs of the geology
department said yesterday.
If the new forms prove successful, they will replace the old
ones and will be passed out in all classes next semester, he explained.
Prof. Briggs chairs the Committee on College Teaching, a faculty
group which is attempting to im-
prove these questionnaires, which T
are a major "feedback" device by M N., - M

which an instructor and his de-
partment evaluate his teaching
ability and practices.
"The present dissatisfaction
with the forms is due to the poor
response they elicit from stu-
dents," Prof. Briggs explained.
First, there is, the problem of
getting students to fill them out
conscientiously. "In order to cover
the course completely, these
evaluations have to be made to-
ward the end of the semester-
but not so close that they would
conflict with final exams," he said.
Thus during a few days near
the semester's end a student must
fill out four or five evaluations.
Second, there's the problem of
getting meaningful responses on
the questionnaire. The question-
naire presently used was develop-
ed a few years ago to replace an-
other form used since World War
II. The older form had attempted
to be tightly objective, reducing
an instructor's performance to a
single number rating.
The present questionnaire tends
toward the other extreme : its
questions are quite general and
call for written answers from the
The new experimental question-
naire, Prof. Briggs said, is a step
back toward piecision and objec-
tivity. For example, the present
form asks students to outline the
purpose of the course, as they
see it, and then to evaluate it in
terms of these goals. The new
form instead defines the purpose
for the student. Also, the new
questionnaire replaces some writ-
ten-answer questions with more
specific multiple-choice items.
Third, "the terms used in the
present form are sometimes con-
fusing to the student. Many of
them refer to concepts which,
from the student's point of view,
are not understood. The revised
form attempts to clarify this,"
Prof. Briggs said.
What becomes of the evaluation
forms once they are filled out?
This depends on the teacher
and on departmental policy, Prof.
Briggs explained. "The forms are
See LSA, Page 2

... questionnaires

To Lower Funds



Africans Ask
UN Pressure
On Portugal'
cans, with Asian support, were re-
ported yesterday working on reso-
lutions to put United Nations
pressure on Portuguese colonial-
ism and on South African racism.
Informed diplomats said Ghana
had drawn up a resolution to have
the 11-nation Security Council
suggest that Portugal show will-
ingness to grant independence to
her African teritories by freeing
political prisoners t h e r e and
granting amnesty to political
They said Guinea was preparing
proposals that the 111-nation
General Assembly demand once
more that South Africa drop
apartheid (race segregation) and
call for relief contributions for
families of persons imprisoned for
opposing that policy.
The informants predicted that
the resolutions would be intro-
duced tomorrow.
They said Morocco and perhaps
the Philippines would join Ghana
in submitting the resolution on
Portuguese territories.
These sources expressed belief
that Guinea would have many
African and Asian co-sponsors in
putting the resolutions on South
Africa before the assembly's spe-
cial political committee.
The Guinean proposal against
South Africa's racial policy was
expected to follow the lines of a
resolution the Security Council
adopted unanimously Wednesday.
The council urged South Africa to
end discrimination and called on
all countries to stop shipping
materials for the manufacture of
arms and ammunition in South
The Ghanaian draft, as priv-
ately circulated, would have the
council confirm the assembly's
1960 definition of self-determina-
tion as the right of all peoples
"freely to determine their political
The intended resolution regrets
that, in talks with African delega-
tions here in October, Portugal
did not accept this definition, and

Cites Tasks
Oif Keeping
Budget Low
McNaInara Schedules
Trip to Viet Nam
After NATO Council
WASHINGTON (P) -President
Lyndon B. Johnson announced
yesterday that the defense budget
and the Pentagon payroll will be
cut in the next fiscal year.
But he indicated it will be diffi-
cult to keep the total budget be-
low $102 billion.
The President also disclosed
that he will address the United
Nations General Assembly on Dec.
17 and is sending Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara to
Saigon next week to "look over
the situation" in South Viet Nam.
These and a series of other an-
nouncements were sprung by
Johnson at an unprecedented, un-
announced news conference in his
Highlights of Talk
These were some of the high-
lights of Johnson's pronounce-
-Next year's defense budget,
going to Congress in January, will
be several hundred million dollars
below the current level.
-The number of civilian em-
ployes on the Defense Department
payroll will be cut below one mil-
lion for the first time since 1950.
By June 30, 1965, the end of the
forthcoming fiscal year, the civil-
ian payroll will be slashed by
25,000 from its authorized level
to 997,000. Additional paro1re-
ductions will be made overseas.
* Starting Point
-Johnson regards $102.3 billion
as the starting point for calculat-
ing the upcoming budget. The
current budget totals $98.9 billion.
The President said he hopes to
be able to cut below $102.3 billion,
but he left no doubt that he re-
gards it as a difficult task.
-McNamara will go to Saigon
after attending the Dec. 16 Paris
meeting of the NATO council to
"make a few checks out there-
not anything to be concerned
about, but just to be sure that we
are getting maximum efficiency"
in the anti-Communist guerrilla
war being waged with the help
of 18,000 Americans and millions
of tax dollars.
-Johnsonwill go to the Penta-
gon next Wednesday to talk to top
officials there about his aim of
promoting efficiency and elimina-
ting waste in military programs. In
that same connection, he said the
status of all military installations
is being reviewed to see if facilities
can be consolidated.
Money-Saving Steps
In addition to detailing the pro-
posed cutback in civilian employes,
McNamara later outlined three
other money-saving steps John-
son . had approved at a morning
conference which lasted more than
one hour:
1) Military and civilian person-
nel in defense headquarters over-
seas will be cut by 15 per cent by
the end of next June.
2) During the same period, there
will be a 10 per cent reduction
in personnel of military missions
and military assistance groups
3) The number of foreign na-
tionals employed by the military
abroad will be cut by 15 per cent.
No Estimate
McNamara said he could not es-
timatethe dollar savings to be
achieved in these ways. But he
said the contemplated measures
were' part of a long-standing pro-
gram to save $1.5 billion this year
and $4 billion a year by fiscal

The secretary said everything
possible would be done to soften
the blow of any firings necessary
to achieve the reduction of 25,000
in the civilian payroll.
ag __ T _y _-



Penn State

in Mat Debut

k l>


Chris Stowell, 177-pound Michigan junior, drove Penn State's
Mike Gill back for a pin and pulled a hot one out of the fire in
Michigan's 1963-64 wrestling debut here last night.
The Wolverines went on to nose out the Nittany Lions, 16-11,
but not before Stowell's pin and a clinching decision by heavyweight
Bob Spaly pulled Coach Cliff Keen's men from behind an 11-8
deficit late in the meet.
It was a vengeance win for the Wolverines, who suffered their
only loss last season to the Nittany Lions. Keen's crew travels to
the Wilkes Tournament on Dec. 30-31 for the next mat action.
Exciting Meet
Pre-picked as a tough battle between two of the country's best
wrestling teams, the meet last night was nothing but two straight
hours of mat fireworks.
A 6-6 draw at the 167-pound match between Michigan's Dave.
Post and Martin Strayer sent Penn State into an 11-8 lead before
Stowell took to the mats against Gill. The Michigan star gained a
quick takedown and predicament to jump into a 4-0 advantage, but
a penalty point and reversal by Gill closed the gap to 4-3.
Stowell gained another point on a hand-locking penalty and

:4,.'95 '{. . . .

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