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October 15, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-15

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See Editorial Page

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Gradual warming trend
with a great deal of sun

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Council Action Expands HRC



Ann Arbor's City Council passed
on first reading an amendment
expanding the city's Human Rela-
tions Commission from 10 mem-
bers to 12.
The proposal amends Section
1:222 of the city charter, and is
expected to pass second reading in
the very near future.
Previously, the HRC consisted
of nine people appointed to the
commission and a city councilman.
Now there will be eleven appoin-
tees and a councilman.
Both the HRC and the council's
Fair Housing Legislation Commit-
tee recommended the expansion of
the HRC. The vote followed a
meeting held between the council

C - .,, ,

and the HRC last week where the
expansion proposal was discussed.
Asks Recommendations
A motion was also passed saying
that the council should ask the
HRC to recommend persons to -ill
the two new positions. Fourth
Ward Councilman Wendell E. Hul-
cher (R), chairman of the coun-
cil's Fair Housing Legislation
Committee, said that the two .per-
sons appointed should have the
following characteristics:
-"A depth of understanding
and sympathy relative to progress
in civil rights matters
--"Consideration should be giv-
en to making at least one of the
two additional appointments from
the Negro community."

t _
Report Tells of A rms Al;
Soviets Give $3 Bi
WASHINGTON (4P-The Defense Department has told Congress
that Soviet and other Communist bloc arms shipments to underdevel-
oped nations totaled more than $3 billion.
The information contained in secret testimony before a House
appropriations subcommittee did not say what period of time the Com-
munist aid covered. The testimony was made public yesterday. In it
Defense Department officials said a significant part of the Communist
military aid was in the form of

Presently there is only one Ne-
gro on the HRC-Rev. Lyman S
To Keep HRC Representation
Hulcher said that these require-
ments will help to "keep the HRC
representative of the various com-
munity groups and interests."
He also mentioned that both his
committee and the HRC had for-
mulated some long-range require-
ments 'for membership on the
-"Personal characteristics and
background for each member
which qualify him to be of maxi-
mum service to the community in
promoting sound human relations,
regardless of race, creed, color, or
national origin.
-"Maintenance of a member-
ship variety and balance that
maintains representation for all
citizens in the City of Ann Arbor."
Mayor Cecil 0. Creal said last
night that he would delay his rec-
ommendation for the appointment
of Thomas Bletcher to the HRC
until he had had another chance
to meet with the HRC.
Replacement Recommendation
Creal recommended Bletcher at
last week's council meeting as a
replacement for Rev. Henry Lewis,
who recently resigned from the
First Ward Councilman Eunice
Burns (D) said that she opposed
Bletcher's appointment on the
grounds that she didn't "feel that





East German Leaders
Orders Guards To Kill
BERLIN (P)-East Germany's Communist rulers, irate over a
rash of escapes, are stepping up the pressure on their border guards
to shoot to kill, Western sources said yesterday.
The reluctance of guards to carry out orders and kill their fellow
countrymen was believed to be a factor in the large number of
successful defections from East Germany. Some of the defectors
have been border guards. At least 24 people escaped over the weekend.
Eight came into West Berlin, the




Survey Polls
'U' Women
The Women's Conference Com-
mittee-consisting of presidents of
Assembly Association, the Mich-
igan League and Panhellenic
Association-will circulate ques-
tionnaires among women students
in late October in order to deter-
mine students' views of Univer-
sity regulations, and "in which
areas people desire change,"
Assembly President Charlene Hag-
er, '65, said yesterday.
The questionnaire will concern
housing accommodations, women's
curfews, visiting restrictions and
other University policies which af-
feet women. It will be distributed,
on the basis of random sampling,
in residence halls and sorority
houses. Women students not. in
either type of living unit can ob-
tain a questionnaire at the
Questionnaire Compilators
Compiling the questionnaire are
Miss Hager, Panhel President Pa-
tricia Elkins, '64, and League Pres-
ident Gretchen Groth, '64. They
Will be assisted by some professors
from the Survey Research Center
in determining questions to be
used, and in arriving at random
samplings of the living units.
Miss Hager commented that the.
ConferenceCommittee plans to
compile the data, and have sta-
tistical evidence of women stu-
dents' opinions by early November.
At this 'time the data will likely
be submitted to the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, Miss Hager said.
Former Proposals
Last year's Conference Com-
mittee proposals were instrumen-
tal in gaining senior apartment
permission for women, an increase
in automatic later permissions
and extension of the freshman
week-night curfew.
However, Miss Hager claimed
that last year's questionnaire
contained some "loaded" ques-
tions. She said she hoped the aid
of professors from the SRC would
eliminate the possibility in this
year's questionnaire.

gifts of sales at cut-rate prices.
"In the case of Indonesia, for
example, discounts are estimated
to have averaged about one third
of Communist bloc military aid
deliveries totaling over $1 billion,"
the report said.
$20 Million Value
Yemen, Morocco, Guinea and
Algeria received equipment valued
at more than $20 million for which
repayment has been waived.
While there were no breakdowns
on the value of military deliveries
to Cuba, the report said that dur-
ing the crisis last fall, Premier
Fidel Castro said publicly that the
equipment delivered from the So-
viet Union was furnished free ex-
cept for arms retained in Russian
Even more important, the de-
fense report said, is the discount
feature of Communist military as-
sistance c o n t r a c t s. Generally,
equipment provided by the Com-
munist bloc is sold at list prices
which reflect a reasonable value,
but the discounts are believed to
total over $500 million for the en-
tire military assistance program.
Countries Listed
Among the countries listed in
an unclassified portion of the re-
port were:
Algeria-Small arms, field guns,
howitzers, rocket launchers, and
five helicopters with an estimated
value of $900,000 from Communist
China and the Soviet Union.
Burma-One Soviet helicopter,
Cambodia-One Soviet helicop-
ter, $180,000.
Guinea-Light arms, anti-tank
guns, armored cars and ammuni-
tion from Czechoslovakia, $1 mil-
Laos--Ten Russian planes, $1
Morocco-Twelve MIG fighters
and two MIG trainers, $2.3 million.
Nepal-Two helicopters, $300,-
Sudan--ive personnel carriers,
Passman Receives Report
The information was supplied to
subcommittee Chairman Otto
Passman (D-La) after Passman
complained that "we never found
where Russia gave away as much
as a peanut" in its aid to non-
Communist countries.
Passman also told the subcom-
mittee that in checking authorita-
tive sources for nine years through
1962, he found the Soviet Union
authorized economic aid of $5.01
billion but during that time dis-
bursed only 27 per cent of thati
amount or $1.3 billion.

... delays recommendation

he has the experience in the area
of human relations, and his quali-
fications don't fit him for the job."
Mrs. Burns continued by saying
that "this is a time when we need
extra good appointments to the
commission. If we can get three
really good people-aggressive and
willing to work hard-we'll have a
very good Human Relations Com-
She also said that in the meet-
ing between the council and the
HRC last week, sentiment ran in
favor of the proposed hiring of a
full-time human relations commis-
sioner, and that if no one else
brought this issue up at the next
council meeting, she would.
Heyns T"o Meet
With Educators
Vice - President for Academic
Affairs Roger W. Heyns will
attend a- Washington conference
Thursday and Friday on oppor-
tunities of Negroes in higher edu-
The conference, sponsored by
the American Council on Educa-
tion, will include about 30 selected
university leaders. It is intended
to help formulate a "nation-wide,
long-term plan to expand oppor-
tunities for Negroes in higher edu-
cation at faculty, student and ad-
ministrative levels in all regions of{
the c o u n t r y," according to
the ACE.

Election Held
SEOUL (P(')-Millions of South
Koreans voted yesterday for presi-
dential candidates offering contin-
ued military-style rule or another
attempt at democracy.
There were. early charges of
voting irregularities.
The bitter political fight be-
tween strongman Chung Hee Park
and his leading civilian opponent,
Yun Po-Sun, created such excite-
ment that thousands were waiting
at polling stations at 7 a.m.
Park, standing in line surround-
ed by bodyguards, had to wait an
hour to vote. He used the spare
time to. attack press coverage of
his regime.
Yun, also forced to wait, claim-
ed that two hours after voting be-
gan there were "signs of irregular-
ities" at polling stations. Ballot
box stuffing and intimidation' in
the past has caused revolutions
in this country and Yun warned:
"The people will not tolerate any
irregularities . . . a great misfor-
tune would follow if any were
A high percentage of the na-
tion's 12.9 million eligible voters
were expected to vote at 7,392 poll-
ing stations.
Shows Irritation
Park showed great irritation at
newsmen, Korean and American,
who have covered his campaign.
During an interview with one
newsman, Park declared, "now,
don't lie."
His secret police organization,
the Central Intelligence Agency,
announced shortly before voting
began that strict punitive measures
would be taken against one Seoul
newspaper, the Donga Ilbo, for al-
legedly false reporting.
Democratic Hope
One of the unspoken issues of
the election is the American hope
that South Korea could be led to-
ward a workable democracy with
economic assistance and political,
More than $5.4 billion .in eco-
nomic aid have been directed at
this end since 1945.
Washington has strictly avoided
endorsing any candidate and has
called only for fair and honest
democratic 'procedures.
Sufficient returns to establish
a trend are not expected before
early Wednesday morning.
Many of the polling stations,
which close at 5 p.m. are in remote
areas of the country.
Park's drive fo ra four-year.
term was directed primarily at
rural areas, where his farm meas-
ures and public works projects
have been directed at winning
votes for months.

others crossed the mines and barb-
ed wire along over 800 miles of
frontier between the two parts of
Germany. There may have been
other escapes not yet reported.
Pep Talks
Sources report the Red regime
has sent its top propagandist, Prof.
Albert Norden, around border
guard units to give pep talks in-
citing them to shoot to kill.
He tells the guards they need
have no moral scruples over shoot-
ing at refugees because they are
traitors going over to the enemy,
these sources said.
The fact that Norden, Secretary
of the Communist Party Central
Committee, has been set to work
on the border guards indicates the
regime is worried about the failure
of its young soldiers to obey orders
to shoot.
Reason for Desertion
The brutal order to fire a warn-
ing shot and then shoot to kill
refugees is the reason given for
fleeing by most of the hundreds of
border guards among the 2,924
refugees in the first nine months
of this year. Two more guards
escaped over the weekend.
Thirteen young men who got in-
to the West German state of Hesse
told West police they were dodging
being conscripted and placed on
the unpopular border duty.
Meanwhile, ADN, the East Ger-
man news agency, reported four
American soldiers have defected
to the East in the past six days.
A United States Army spokesman
said the Army had no means of
checking the accuracy of the news
agency claims.
The four men were listed by the
Army as absent without leave.
"Those named as defectors by
ADN were:
PFC. Gary Martzke, from the
Sixth Rocket Battalion, 517th Ar-
tillery Regt., Pvt. Heinrich James
Newton, -of Diamond Ruby, V.I.,
Spec. 6 Conrad Yumang and M.
Sgt Willard 'E. Valentini, of Lo-
rain, Ohio.

BORDER-President Ahmed Ben Bella (left) of Algeria and
King Hassan II of Morocco two principles in a border dispute
which broke out in fighting yesterday. The two leaders have
exchanged accusations.
Grassmuck Predicts Force
Will Deter Full-Scale Fight
It is doubtful if Algerian-Moroccan fighting will become anything
more than a border dispute, Prof. George L. Grassmuck of the political
science department said lastnight.
"I would question that there is full-scale fighting," he said. "It
probably would be militarily disastrous for Morocco to do more than
stage a border skirmish." Prof. Grassmuck said that the Algerian mili-
tary forces are "battle-hardened

and should be able to take care of
The Moroccan army, however,
"while very equipped, is a real
unknown politically and militarily.
It is composed of both French-
speaking and Spanish-speaking
It is therefore quite probable
that Moroccan King Hassan II
will take advantage of Tunisian
President Habib Bourguiba's of-
fer to mediate the dispute.
Prof. Grassmuck noted that
Hassan may see a number of rea-
sons for attacking Algeria. He said
that Hassan may have wanted to
"straighten the boundary" be-
tween the two countries and "po-
litically to emphasize his position
as unifier of the state."
Hassan also had a particular
reason to attack at this time,
Prof. Grassmuck said. "Hassan
knows that Algeria has its troops
diverted into other parts of the
country in an effort to put down
the Berbers," thus weakening its
capacity to retaliate.
Morocco feels it has proper
claim to the disputed territory,
Prof. Grassmuck said.

Smilley Views Medicare
As Social Responsibility'
"Medical care for the aged, providing them with the necessities
for life, is a primary community responsibility," Prof. Wilson G. Smil-
ley of Harvard University said yesterday.
Prof. Smilley pointed out that the longer life expectancy facilitated
by new medical advances has produced a sizable growth in the popu-
lation of adults over 65, making it imperative to institute a program to
combat the chronic illnesses to which elders are so often subject.
He stressed the need for a program of "conservative medicine"
to preserve the vital forces of the elderly and allow them to continue
" leading satisfying lives. Smilley
predicted that rehabilitation of the
aged will be one of the main con-
cerns of public health in the fu-
ture and will soon necessitate the
passage of some sort of federal
plan for their medical care.
Continiuing to expand upon the
>future of public health, Prof.
Smilley emphasized that "change"
will continue to be the primary
factor in this field, making it dif-
ficult to deal in specific issues.
He predicted greater strides in
public health facilities but added
that "preventive a-s p e c t s of
chronic illness will lag behind as a
result of social failure to grasp
the importance of this issue"
The Key to Advances
"The kev tn dvances in the

Casts Doubt
On Fee Hike
Romney administrative aide
Richard Van Dusen yesterday cast
further doubt on the idea that the
University might be "urged" to
raise tuition fees as part of a gen-
eral plan to give higher education
$10 million more next year.
But he failed to deny flatly that
such a scheme was being consid-
It had previously been reported
that Gov. George Romney was
considering two ways of attaining
this $10 million funds boost: by
taking the amount from tax reve-
nue and by calling for a tuition
hike to pay for half of the cost.
Van Dusen noted that $10 mil-
lion would be necessary to main-
tain the current level of higher
education, but he added that
whether or not a tuition hike
would be necessary to aid in im-
plementing the higher education
budget is a consideration the Leg-
islature always has before it.
The same report had stated that
an unidentified Romney advisor
had conferred with an also uniden-
tified University vice-president last
month on the subject of a possi-
ble tuition boost. However, a quick
poll of the vice-presidents reveal-
ed that none of them professed
to know anything about the alleg-
ed conversation.
Meanwhile, in other education
budget news, the Michigan Tech
Board of Control has voted to send
Romney a budget request of more
than $9 million for next year. This
figure will cover both operational
and capital outlay funds-for the
Houghton and Sault Ste. Marie
Board Chairman Fred G. Se-
crest noted that the budget calls
for an operational funds increase
of about $2.7 million. "The in-
crease is vital if Michigan Tech is
to raise its faculty salaries to a
nationally competitive level with
other leading science and engi-
neering schools," he said.
Smith, Jeffrey
Deny Rumors
Harold Smith, staff director of
Gov. George Romney's Citizen's
Committee on Higher Education,
denied rumors that the "blue rib-
bon" committe rejected the report,

Sent To Talk
With Hassan
Ben Bella Suggests
Mediation To Settle
Border Land Dispute
By The Associated Press
ALGIERS-Algeria accused Mo-
rocco of sending a massive ground
and air force 60.miles into its ter-
ritory yesterday, but Morocco in-
sisted its men only recaptured two
frontier posts and that there were
no casualties.
Algerian Foreign Minister Ab-
delalziz Bouteflika told a news
conference that several thousand
Moroccan troops with tank and
air support fought Algerian troops
all day long.
But in Rabat, capital of Morocco,
authorities said the fight was over
long before noon and the sector
was now quiet.
Makes No Mention
King Hassan II did not mention
the incidents in a speech broad-
cast from Marrakech where he is
host to Mrs. John F. Kennedy for
a three-day visit. He spoke instead
about Moroccan parliamentary
problems and forthcoming elec-
tions. .He did say, however, that
Morocco would defend "its dignity
and the integrity of its frontiers."
In its accusation Algeria accus-
ed Morocco of violating principles
for peace set forth by four major
international bodies since World
War II, and has singled out the
Africans' own Addis Ababa organ-
ization for mediation. Algeria and
Morocco in addition have noted
the mediation offer of President
Habib Bourguiba of neighboring
Four Organizations
These are the organizations and
principles cited by Algeria:
The United Nations Charter of
1945: set up machinery to deal
with threats to peace: these in-
cluded diplomatic, economic and
military action by the members.
The charter of the Bandung
Asian-African Conference of April
1955: drew up five points of peace-
ful co-existence.
The Arab League Constitution:
seeks to maintain peace and
brotherhood among Arab nations
but has varied in meaning over
the years according to the degree
of cordiality existing among Arab
Addis Ababa Charter of African
Unity: chiefs of state and govern-
ment, of Africa last may under
chairmanship of Emperor Haile
Selassie of Ethiopia set up ma-
chinery for dealing with disputes
among African statesand to work
for eventual African unity.
Ministry Statement
A communique issued by the Al-
gerian Defense Ministry said:
"In the night of Oct. 13-14, units
of the Royal Moroccan. Army
crossed the Algerian-Moroccan
frontier in the region of Moham-
med El Ghozane about 400 kilom-
eters (250 miles) southwest of;
Bechar (formerly Colomb-Bechar).
"In the morning of Oct. 14 they
attacked the Algerian post of
Hassi-Beidi and Tinjoud, 30 kilom-
eters (18 miles) inside Algerian
territory. Units of the Algerian
National Peoples Army are n the
spot despite the intervention in
the afternoon of Oct. 14 of planes
and tanks of the Moroccan army.
Fighting is going on at dusk."
Cabinet Meeting
The Algerian cabinet discussed
the situation at an eight-hour
emergency session under President
Ahmed Ben Bella.
It decided to seek mediation of
the Addis Ababa Organization of
African Unity. The cabinet also
sent two high-level emissaries to
King Hassan II of Morocco in an
effort to reach a last-minute

The fighting was a new embar-
rassment for Ben Bella, coming
only two days after he scattered
the guerrilla forces of the Kabylie
rebels who were entrenched in the
mountains east of Algiers.


The Kennedy administration is
faced with several dilemmas in
attempting to prevent military
coups in Latin America, Prof.
Martin Needler of the political
science department said in a re-
cent interview.
"Breaking off diplomatic rela-
tions and economic assistance is
our standard reaction, but it has
not prevented all coups-though
it may have some deterrent effect.

Test Traditional

problem is to develop techniques
which lie between these alterna--
tives. I am not ready to believe
that there aren't any."
Prof. Needler criticized the State
Department for "usually thinking
of current situations in terms of
previous ones, rather than being
alive to changes in circumstances."
He cited economic blockades and
shows of force as measures that

cerity of our threats to break re-
lations and cut off aid. Our nor-
mal practice of granting eventual
recognition weakens the credi-
bility of the threat." Yet he noted
that the United States could not
withhold recognition of an es-
tablished regime forever.
Prof. Needler said that recent
coups had changed in nature.
"There are still coups staged for

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