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October 03, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-03

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See Editorial Page


air A


Cooling trend
with chance of little showers

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


VOL. LXXIV, No. 28




i. - _-

McNamara Gives
Viet Nam Report
Sees Imminent Victory in Asia;
U.S. Troops May Leave by 1965
WASHINGTON (P)-Secretory of Defense Robert S. McNamara
and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor told President John F. Kennedy yesterday
they believed the need for major American involvement in South Viet
Nam's anti-Communist guerrilla war will be ended by December 1965.
The White House said McNamara and Taylor, just back from an
on-the-spot inspection tour of South Viet Nam, are convinced that the
Communist Viet Cong can be licked by the end of next year br, failing

Negro Faces
To Education

"The high educationa aspira-
tions of modein Negro parents are
a source of despair for their chil-
dren, who often feel inadequate to
the task of academic success," Dr.
Martin Gold said last night.
He spoke before a meeting of
prospective participants in the
Ann.Arbor Tutorial Project.
Dr. Gold 'stressed the social-
psychelqgical problems likely to be
encountered in the tutors' at-
* tempts to help Negro children get
more out of their learning ex-
* Ability To Learn
Considering the child's ability
to learn, Dr. Gold stressed the de-
pendence of IQ measurements on
heredity. He said that though Ne-
groes show a lower average than

that, that the security forces of
the Vietnamese government will
be able by then to suppress the
Communist guerrillas without out-
side assistance.
In, a five-point statement of
American policy, the WhiteHouse
said that repressive actions against
Vietnamese Buddhists by the gov-
ernment of Ngo Dinh Diem "have
not yet significantly affected the
military effort."
Adverse Affect
But the statement said there
could be an adverse affect in the
"The political situation in South
Viet Nam remains deeply serious,"
the statement said. "The United
States has made clear its continu-
ing opposition to any repressive
In addition to reporting "their
judgment that the major part of
the United States military task
(in Viet Nam) can be completed'by
the end of 1965," McNamara and
Taylor said that 1000 American
military personnel probably can
be withdrawn from South Viet
Nam by the end of this year. These
would be personnel used to train
Vietnamese troops.
Approves Statement
Kennedy approved the policy
statement on the basis of recom-
mendations received from McNa-
mara, Taylor and Henry Cabot
Lodge, the United States ambassa-
dor in Saigon.
The White House said McNa-
mara and Taylor gave Kennedy
and, later in the day, the full Na-
tional Security Council, a report
that "included a number of classi-
fied findings and.- recommenda-
It said these would "be the
subject of further review and ac-
The basic presentation made by
the defense secretary and the
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff was unanimously endorsed
by the Security Council, the state-
ment said.
Security Labeled
The security of South Viet Nam
was labeled in the policy docu-
ment as ("a major interest of the
United States and of other free
And it said this country would
continue to work with the people
and the government there to "deny
this country to Communism" and
suppress the Viet Cong.
The military program in South
Viet Nam has made progress, the
White House said, "and is sound
in principle, though improvements
are being energetically sought."
It added that major United
States assistance in support of the
military effort would be needed
"only until the insurgency has
been suppressed or until the na-
tional security forces of the gov-
ernment of South Viet Nam are
capable of suppressing it."

SGC Sets I
Access Right Kennedy
To FWASHINGTONnit) -President
John F. Kennedy tentatively has
decided to permit the sale of
Council To Share American wheat to Russia but
wants Republican leadership ap-
Membership Data proval of the move before acting,
an administration spokesman said
Student Government Council deision the resident iany suc
last night granted the Interfra- to invite GOP leaders of both
ternity Council membership com -houses to canvass the situation
mittee, once it is established, thewh hm
access rights to any information
concerning fraternities which is
filed with the SGC membership
committee. GOP Criicisi
Theproosd IFC mmbrhip
committee would concern itselfAR o
with discrimination in the frater- A ains
nity system.
The grant of access privileges By The Ass
was made through one of three
amendments proposed by IFC Opposition to Gov. George
President Clifford Taylor, '64, increased last Monday night whei
which Council incorporated into that he was against the plan unl
its eventually passed motion on Green is the first top legislat
"Membership Selection in Student grain since Romney presented i
Organizations _
Right To Approve Members
Taylor's other accepted amend-
ments gave SGC the right to ap-
prove members to this IFC com-
mittee and outlined strict sanc-
tions against IFC committee mem- A frica Plan
bers who revealed confidential in-
In calling for passage of his WASHINGTONd n) - Presiden
access right amendment, Taylor John F. Kennedy and Empero
explained that for the IF mean Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ended
bership committee to be effective, two days of talks yesterday with
it would need "access to all docu- a joint declaration that the stil
ments that SGC's membership dependent territories of Africa
committee has collected." have a right to freedom and in-
Before this amendment, the SGC dependence.
membership committee had been Kennedy promised to give care-
vested the authority "to work in ful consideration to Ethiopia's re-
conjunction with" the IFC com- quest for loans and other economi
mittee, but had no obligation in assistance to help finance its five
this matter. year plan.
No Take-over Threat And, in response to an invita-
Taylor" noted that the IFC mem- tion extended by the Emperor, the
bershipcommittee, once formed, President "expressed his desire t
would not -be obstructionist. He arrange such a visit as soon a
said that it was not structurally his schedule permitted."
under the SGC structure and These results, announced in a
hence could be no take-over threat. joint communique, wound u
In other actions last night, Haile Selassie's two-day state visi
Council strongly supported in a here.
unanimously - passed resolution Earlier in the day he addresse
"the concepts expressed in the the United States Senate briefl
Union-League Study Committee where he also expressed the hope
Report." of his nation that "independence
The resolution, submitted by will come soon to those peopl
League President Gretchen Groth, (of Africa) who are still under the
'64, and Union President Raymond bonds of colonialism."
Rusnak, '64, backed up the princi- "Human equality, as you al
ple of "operational autonomy for know, is something that is quit
student activity programming and indispensible to the efforts to pre.
management operations." serve world peace," he stated.
Endorse Principles The monarch's last meeting wit
The resolution was offered as an Kennedy lasted 45 minutes an
encouragement to the Regents 'to was followed by the communique
endorse the principles g their re- It said they discussed curren
View of the Union-League proposal problems of the African continent
currently before them. and expressed the hope that th
The Regents have not taken ac- final transition to freedom of al
tion on the proposed merger. aea'n-fic ca he take

e To

on urou

Favors Wheat Sale

Senate Republican Leader Ever-
ett M. Dirksen of Illinois has been
Sapproached by high government
officials to go along. But he said1
that when the matter was dis-
cussed at a party policy meeting
yesterday there was no GOP con-
Willing To Buy
* The administration is reported
to have been informed that the
Soviets are willing to buy $150
U Increases
ney's Tax Plan
ociated Press -
Romney's tax reform program
n House Speaker Allison Green said
ess it is improved.
ive Republican to criticize the pro-
t to the Legislature. Green called
-Romney's plan to have the state
pay 20 per cent of local school
taxes "a short change job."
"As for an income tax, I could
n't support one unless there was
substantial relief for the property
taxpayer," he said.,
Green's specific objection is
t that Romney's property tax relief
r "would wipe out" present equal-
izing factors in the general state
school aid system.
1 Romney declined to comment\pn
Green's criticism. He said that he
- is optimistic that the Legislature
will pass his tax proposals.
Another Republican, John B.
- Martin, Republican national com-
c mitteeman and chairman of the
Michigan Commission on the Ag-
ing, also added his voice to the
stream of criticism.'He suggested
e that Romney delete the provision
) for a five per cent interest charge
s from his plan to defer the prop-
erty taxes of some persons over 65.
Speaking at a hearing of the
P Senate Tax Committee, Martin
t said, "Adding that interest on the
deferred taxes just makes the pro-
gram look tougher and is harder
d for the senior citizens to accept."
y Lt. Gov. T. John Lesinski also
e attacked Romney for what he call-
e Romney's " mishandling the
e presentation of the tax program
in the Legislature."
Romney has alienated Republi-
l can and Democratic lawmakers by
e his failure to consult or inform
- them, he claimed. "He has less
support among Republicans in the
h Legislature than G. Mennen Wil-
d liams and John B. Swainson had
. in t h e i r administrations," he
t maintained.
To Campaign
eAs Write-Ins
- Student Government Council
Treasurer Frederick Rhines, '64,
- and Elaine Resmer, '64, last night
s declared their .candidacy in the
- upcoming Council election as
e write-in candidates.
e Rhines stated that he had not
d run as an officially announced
- candidate because the time re-
e quirement for campaigning "would
e have interfered with the proper
s execution of my SGC treasurer


million of American wheat for
This was some $100 million less
than previously had been indicat-
But Leonid Matveev, head of
the Soviet grain board and chief
negotiator in his nation's $500
million purchase of Canadian
wheat, said in Winnipeg, Canada
yesterday that Russia is not likely
to buy wheat from the United
He confirmed that the Soviet's
had held preliminary talks with
American grain dealers in Ottawa,
but told an interviewer Russia
now feels it has enough wheat toI
last until next summer.;
Knockdown of Deal
But despite this second Soviet
knockdown of a possible wheat
deal with America-Soviet Premier
Khrushchev said much the same
yesterday-the subject was still
very much alive in Washington.
Kennedy was said by a source
who asked not to be named to
have been told by his advisers that
he ought to touch all of the politi-
cal and diplonatic bases before he
announces any decision.
One point that particularly
troubles the administration in-
volves the possibility that the Rus-
sians might transship some of the
American wheat to Cuba-or that
some of the grain now in posses-
sion of the Soviets might be re-
leased by the deal for shipment
Any such procedure likely would
have wide repercussions in view
of the administration's efforts to
cut to a minimum free world trade
with the Castro regime.
Accept Plans
For Housing
The Ann Arbor Zoning Board of
Appeals approved plans for the re-
tired University alumni housing
project yesterday.
Fifth Ward Republican Council-
man Bent F. Nielsen noted that
the plans submitted for the hous-
ing project to be located at Oxford
and Cambridge Roads met all the
legal requirements of the zoning
ordinance covering that area. -
"The principal criterion for
whether or not a housing unit
meets the. specifications of the
zoning ordinance is how many
square feet per unit can be placed
on a certain lot," Nielsen said.
Actually the proposed alumni
housing exceeded this requirement
by 15,000 square feet, he added.
Opponents of the project argued
that it was wrong to consider the
alumni housing units, which will
hold two families per unit, a two-
family dwelling units as specified
under the terms of the zoning or-
Construction will begin as soon
as commitments for 11 of the 20
proposed units are received, Alum-
ni Treasurer Paul R. Kempf said.
Kempf, who was chairman of
the alumni housing study commit-
tee, notes that construction of the
planned four single-family and
eight two-family units will cost
several hundred thousand dollars.
"This is a pioneering effort in the
area of alumni housing," Kempf

Plan Prelimninary nit
To Take Complaints
Separate 'Tribunal' To Render
Final Decisions on Discrimination
Student Government ' Council last night 'unanimously
passed the -motion entitled "Membership Selection in Student
Organizations," with the addition of several new amendments.
The motion, which sets up rules and procedures for
reglation of discriminatory membership practices among stu-
dent groups, will take effect Tuesday, if no stay of action is



**. despair

whites, this differential is due not
to genetic inferiority but to the
social factors affecting ability to
He defined these factors as a
lack of the broad and rich cul-
tural exposure and the absence of
a warm relationship between child
a'nd parent and child and teacher.
"Much of the dampage has al-
ready been done, even in the
lower age group with which the
tutors will deal," he said. .
Parental Involvement
- The second large factor in the
child's success is his motivation.
Dr. Gold predicted great parental
involvement in the tutoring pro-
gram and in school in general,
linking this interest to the "great
value education has as an in-
portant avenue to social mobility."
The child, on the other hand,
already handicapped in his ability
to learn and doubting the chances
of his own success, anticipates
failure and eventually may want
only to get away from it all.
l Dr. Gold-shared the agenda with
Dr. Harold Lockett, a staff mem-
ber at Hawthorn Center, a chil-
dren's psychiatric hospital in
Outlines Factors
Dr. Lockett cites several factors
in the special educational difficul-
ties of children. First is general
intelligence. He said the specialist
is especially interested in dis-
covering individual differences
between potential and perform-
Children may also suffer from
specific malfunctioning of percep-
tual mechanisms. Such difficul-
ties relate to visual or auditory
capacity or even to sitting too far
away from the blackboard to see
Third was the child's develop-
mental readiness. The psychiatrist
looks at discrepancies between the
level of achievement the child
brings to the learning situation
and the level expected of him for

Itmakes provisions for a
membership tribunal in way of
2.15 forbidding discrimination*
within the University.
procedural Changes
Amendments approved last night
make procedural and substantive
changes in the main motion and
relate specifically to the member-
ship committee and tribunal.
It is the duty of the membership
committee to receive complaints,
collect and process relevant infor-
mation, investigate suspected vio-
lations and initiate proceedings
before the membership tribunal.
The membership tribunal Will
decide all cases initiated by the
membership committee.
#n amendment, submitted by
Interfraternity Council President
Clifford Taylor, '64, related the
IFC membership committee to the
investigatory process and specific-
ally granted it access to all infor-
mation filed with the SGC com-
mittee. The amendment was ap-
proved by the body.
Alters Qualification
Council a 1 so approved two
amendments offered by SGC Pres-
ident Thomas B r o w n, '66L.
Brown's first, amendment altered
the qualifications for .membership
on the three-member tribunal. In
effect, It removed the stipulation
that the chairman of the commit-
tee be a member of the faculty or,
an alumnus with an L.L.B. degree,
although Council may still appoint
such a member if it so desires.
The second amendment submit-
ted by Brown outlined policies
which would apply in the event
that one of the three judges on
the tribunal is unable to partici-
pate in the final determination of
a case already in progress.
It stated that in such a situa-
tion the "final determination shall
be the decision of the tribunal"
where the other two judges concur
in the final determination, but "if
the other two judges disagree up-
on the final determination or if
either of them refuses to proceed
further with only two judges, a
new hearing shall be commenced
before the full tribunal, augment-
ed by the successor judge."
Subsidary Motion
Also passed was a subsidiary
-motion offered by SGC Executive
Vice-President E d w i n Sasaki,
Grad, which stipulated that the
executive committee of SGC shall
select the three members in the
membership tribunal.
Council proceeded to appoint
members to the newly constituted
membership committee. Named for
terms ending Aug. 31. 1964 were:
William Burns, '65, and Scott
Crooks, '65; for terms ending Feb.
29, 1964: Robert Abramson, '64,
Wallis Wilde, '64, and Jean
Boehlke, '64.
The committee was mandated
to "make a complete study on the
alumni recommend system in the
fraternity-sorority system and to
report back to °SGC within six
months of Sept. 3, 1963."
Burns, who previously chaired
an SGC members ip committee,
indicated that tie committee
would begin next week to send out.
letters requesting fraternities and
sororities to file membership state-
ments. He said the, committee
would begin the study of alumni
recommends "as soon as we get
Foreign Food
Thr fihio I Lrea etake

membership committee and
.implementing Regents bylaw

Literary Faculty Consider
ResdenialCollege Proposal
At their regular monthly meeting this coming Monday, the literary
college faculty will consider a proposal for a residential college.
Meanwhile, the Office of Academic Affairs is planning staff stud-
ies on technical and feasibility aspects of the proposal.
The proposal-prepared by a literary college faculty committee-
attempts to solve the problem of handling increasing enrollment in
liberal arts within the confines of an already-large institution by es-
tablishing a residential college
"associated with but separate ECONOMICS:
from" the literary college. __ __ __

. within the framework (of) the
United Nations and organization
of African unity."
Of Ethiopia's appeal for eco
nomic help it said: -
"Officials of the two govern
ments discussed . . . Ethiopia's
five year plan and considered pos
sible methods of financing . .the
United States agreed to examine
Ethiopian requests for Unite
States assistance to reconomic de-
velopment projects and to give
careful consideration to assistance
in the financing of agreed project
by means of long-term loans."

. . . bias ruling
Alge!rians Hit
Rebel Cam
ALGIERS UP)-Troops backing
President Ahmed Ben Bella sealed
off the dissident Kabylie area
yesterday and Ben Bella's chief
political aide called for creation of
vigilante -committees to combat
the revolt.
Not a shot has been reported
fired since Algerian Berbers openly
defied the government and set up
military lines on the rugged
mountains east of Algiers, with
China-made field guns from the
French-Algerian war among their
But, thousands of words of com-
muniques and proclamations pour-
e from each side, repeating slo-
gas and accusations. The Al-
giei s radio , play Arab military
Troops Converge
Truckloads of steel-helmeted
government troops converged on
the approaches to the mountains.
The ruling front of National
Liberation was ordered by its chief
organizer, Hadj Ben Alla, to form
vigilante committees in every
town and hamlet.
"If necessary, they will fight
alongside our soldiers," Ben Alla
said. .
Mountain Hamlets -
Berber leaders toured mountain
hamlets and called on peasants to
take up a guerrilla fight against
the government.
Crowds of turbanned men ap-
Hocine Ait Ahmed, who is
emerging as the political chief of
the revolt, told some 2000 Berbers
in the village of Arba les Oucifs:
Guerilla Fighters
"Men and women, we shall
fight as guerrillas. Napoleon was
defeated in Russia, Ben Bella will
be defeated in Kabylie."
Col. Mohand Ou El Hadj, the
Berber military chieftain, vowed
to resist" until the last drop of
blood." The elderly warrior said:
"We have decided to sacrifice
our last moments to achieve the
triumph of justice, liberty and
human dignity."
But there was no atmosphere of
crisis in the capital.
Whitewash Walls
Workers were whitewashing the

Under the faculty proposal,
which was distributed to the fac-
ulty last spring, the residential col-
lege would offer a somewhat dif-
ferent curriculum as well as hous-
ing situation.
The faculty's reaction to the
proposal will be transmitted to the
Office for Academic Affairs. Even-
tually the Regents will make the
final decision based on the Uni-
versity president's recommenda-
tions, which would' be compiled
from University-wide discussion of
the plan.
University President H a r 1 a n
Hatcher commented on the pro-

Gottlieb Links Civil Rights, Disarmament

Sandford Gottlieb, political ac-
tion director of the National Com-
mittee for Sane Nuclear Policy,
spoke last night on "Moscow and
Birmingham: Civil Rights and the
Economics of Disarmament."
Gottlieb was guest speaker at
the kick-off meeting of the Ann
Arbor Democratic Party Peace andl
Disarmament Study Group held at


der a totalitarian dictatorship. The
growth of a new factor, the con-
sumer, in the Soviet Union, in
their drive to attain a higher and
better standard of living, is put-
ting greater pressure on Soviet
leadership, Gottlieb said.
Soviet-Sino Split
The results of these pressures
plus the Sino-Soviet split were evi-
denced this summer in the Soviet

ture with or without disarmament.
"Defense contractors realize this
and want to know in what area
new markets will be made avail-
able. They have told the Pentagon
they will move into new areas.
Congress must be made aware of
this fact," he said.
"The time has come to cut the
defense budget and the money
made available by such a cut
should go into the. social sector

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