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September 26, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-26

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THE UNIVERSITY
AND FISCAL REFORM
See Editorial Page

Y L

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MOSTLY FAIR
' High-75
Low-50
Little change in
temperature tomorrow

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

...

VOL. LXXIV, No. 22

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1963

SEVEN CENTS

TEN PA

House

Passes President's Record

Tax

rograI

y

Measure To Affect
All U.S. Taxpayers
Vote Scores Triumph for Kennedy;
Follows Earlier Republican Defeat
WASHINGTON ()-The House passed last night President John
F. Kennedy's bill for an $11 billion tax cut, the biggest in history, to be
shared by practically all United States taxpayers.
The measure now goes to the Senate where it faces a tough and
uncertain future. It holds out the prospect of $100 to $200 more take-
home pay every year for the majority of taxpaying families. The vote
on passage was 271 to 155.
The vote, a resounding triumph for the administration, came
after the House first turned down 226 to 199 a Republican effort to put1
*into the bill a commitment for the
hspending.
E **, I Slim Prospects

*

*

*

*

*

*

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fi

HARRY F. BYRD
* closed-door briefings
FOUR BILLS:
t Approves
School Ad
((
WASHINGTON ()-The Senate
Labor Committee approved four
education bills yesterday providing
$1.75 billion for !college construc-
tion, a big expansion in vocational
education, more aid for libraries
and a more liberal loan program
for students.
The college construction meas-
ure authorizes expenditure of $1.5
billion for classroom construction
at four year colleges over the next
five years.
This is made up of $900 million
in grants. and $600 million in
loans. An additional $250 million
is set aside as grants for use by
community junior colleges in the
same period.
The vocational education bill re-
orients instruction in this field to-
ward technical courses in such
fields as electronics. It authorizes
$702 million for grants to the
states for this training over the
next four years-an increase over
House-approved $450 million. This
is in addition to $55 million a year
now being spent.
Also authorized are: $50 million
for this year plus sums needed the
next four years for grants to the
states to provide part time jobs for
vocational education students; and
$15 million this year plus addi-
tional sums for the next four
years to help establish experi-
mental work residential schools
for vocational training.
Links Blasts
To Terrorists
BOGOTA (JP)-President .Guil-
lermo Leon Valencia yesterday
blamed a terrorist plot of emer-
ency proportions for the 36 bomb
blasts that shook five Colombian
cities two days ago.
One bomb shattered windows at'
the United States Center in Mani-
zales. Another exploded in front
of 'the presidential palace here
damaging the presidential guard's
dormitory. Police said the explo-
sions caused no injuries.
"This is the beginning of a new
stage in the fight between the gov-
ernment and extremists," Valencia
said. "We are facing a vast terror-
ist plan of truly emergency size."
The Colombian president met
with army and police officials to
discuss measures for combatting
the terrorism.
Public buildings in Bogota, Cali,
Manizales, Ibague and Popayan
were the main targets of Tuesday's
hnamhr v hih r nliP esrimdas e

But the prospects for fattened
pay envelopes in January, by rea-
son of reduced income tax with-
holding, are not yet bright. .The
Senate, soon to be embroiled in a
long civil rights debate, is not
likely to touch the tax bill for
weeks.
If the bill does become fully ef-
fective, it would mean relief from
all federal income tax for some 1.5
million low-income families and
cuts on the scale of $100 for four-
person families earning $5000 a
year, $202 for $10,000 families;
$1,004 for $30,000 families, and
$5,278 for $100,000 families.
Chairman Harry F. Byrd (D-
Va), of the Senate finance com-
mittee announced that his group
will start closed-door briefings on
the bill Oct. 8 with congressional
staff experts.
Public Hearings
Byrd said he expects these to
run a week or more, indicating
that the public hearings will not
begin until the week of Oct. 14.
Secretary of the Treasury Douglas
Dillon is to be the first witness
but Byrd said the time for his
appearance is not definite yet.
This delay of at least two weeks
in the opening of the public hear-
ings made it even more doubtful
the bill could become law this
year.
Byrd has said the public hear-
ings may run six weeks although
the schedule has not yet been
made out.
Declines Comment
The Virginian declined to com-
ment on passage of the House bill
other than to say that he remains
opposed to any tax reduction with-
out offsetting spending cuts.
Sen. Vance Hartke (D-Ind), a
finance member, announced he
would ask for immediate and
speedy Senate hearings.
He said the hearings should be
limited to 30 days and declared "it
will be possible in this way for the
Senate to act finally on tax meas-
ures this year."

Civil Rights
'Bill Passes
First Hurdle
WASHINGTON UP - A tough
civil rights bill that includes far
more than the administration re-
quested was approved tentatively
yesterday by a House judiciary
subcommittee.
It is expected to spark a major
congressional fight.
Extras written in included a
more sweeping ban on racial dis-
crimination in places of public
accommodation, creation of a fair
employment practices commission
plus additional powers for the at-
torney general in the civil rights
field.
Meanwhile, Senate Democratic
leaders backed off from a show-
down with their southern col-
leagues by dropping plans to try
this week to make the civil rights
commission a permanent agency
with broader powers.
Introduces Legislation
Instead, Sen. Hubert H. Hum-
phrey (D-Minn), acting major-
ity leader, introduced legislation
providing simply for a one-year
extension without any new powers.
Sen. Richard B. Russell (G-Ga),
leader of the southern forces, had
told newsmen earlier he would not,
expect a major fight against such
a measure. But he said southern-
ers would offer "very determined
opposition" to the more drastic
proposal.
Humphrey said he expects the
measure can be passed by the
Senate today and hopes the House
will do the same before Monday.
The commission is due to go out
of existence then unless Congress
acts.
Strong Act
Rep. Emanuel Celler (D-NY),
chairman of both the House judi-
ciary subcommittee and the full
committee, called the 10-part
package bill produced yesterday an
"exceedingly strong civil rights
act." The measure still has to clear
the full committee and the rules
committee before it can reach a
vote in the House.
Celler '.conceded it probably
would have to be toned down in
the full committee to win Repub-
lican support. He said this after
the ranking Republican on the
committee, Rep. William H. Mc-
Culloch of Ohio, had told news-
men at a joint news conference
with Celler that he could not sup-
port the bill in its present form.
The proposal for unlimited ex-
tension of the civil rights commis-
sion was announced Tuesday by
Senate Majority Leader Mike
Mansfield (D-Mont). Humphrey
made the switch while Mansfield
was absent from the city.

SGC
oni

- - - ,

STATE TAXES:

Romney Outlines Faults
In Cvanagh' Proposals
By The Associated Press
LANSING-Newspaper reporters and television cameras looked
on yesterday as Gov. George Romney proceeded to point out the
flaws in every one of Detroit Mayor Jerone P. Cavanagh's amend-
ments to Romney's tax plan.
Cavanagh, who, had come armed with five major changes he
sought to have made in the governor's fiscal reform program, later
=noted that he still has "serious
reservations" a b o u t Romney's
U l io H its plan, particularly those parts af-
fecting Detroit finances.
Romney said only that he would
take "a very searching look" at
Raits' StanaWayne County's financial prob-
lems and the effect his program

Epker Move
Rearranges
Present Plan
Insert Amendments
Into Membership Bi

Strengthens

WASHINGTON (fP)-The union
said yesterday that Congress had
directed arbitrators in the railroad
work rules dispute to limit their
activities to finding solutions for
issues still unsettled in the con-
troversy.
This contradicted a demand by
the railroads Tuesday that the
7-man arbitration board set up by
Congress last month to head off a
nation-wide rail strike should, ig-
nore all settlement offers by the
railroads in the past 41/2 years.
"Congress deliberately confined
the scope of congressionally pre-
scribed arbitration to the narrow-
est possible area," said Lester B.
Schoene, chief counsel for the five
operating unions.
Addresses Board
Schoene addressed the board in
the second day of public hearings
on the first of two questions the
board must decide-whether 32,000
firemen are needed on freight and
yard trains.
After three weeks of public
hearings on the firemen question,
the board will shift to the crew
consist issue-the question of how
large a crew is needed on freight
trains.
Meet to Discuss
After the board ended its sec-
ond day of public hearings, the
unions and railroads met to dis-
cuss seven side issues excluded by
Congress from the compulsory ar-
bitration. If these issues are not
settled by the new round of talks,
the nation again may face the
threat of a nation-wide rail
strike next spring.
"This board does not start
where the presidential railroad
commission started, nor where the
emergency board 154 started,"
Schoene said. "Public Law 108,
from which this board derives its
sole authority, limits the issues to
those on which both parties were
in disagreement following their
negotation on the Aug. 2 proposal.

Contr

ciroup

will have on thecounty govern-
ment's ability to balance its
budget.
Red Tape Galore
Romney answered Cavanagh's
proposal to continue the sales tax
on food, with a $25-$50 credit or
refund to each family filing an
income tax return, by saying the
id a "would create major admin-
istrative and enforcement prob-
lems."
In addition, Romney said, the
tax relief would be completely un-
related to a family's food pur-
chases. "One couplewould get
just as much relief as a family
with 10 children," he noted.
Romney also took a dim view of
Cavanagh's plan to hike the pro-
posed corporate profits tax rate by
one per cent and the financial in-
stitution rate by .5 per cent, not-
ing that it would result in a "less
favorable job climate."
Ready or Not
Cavanagh's plan to give coun-
ties 10 per cent of the state yield
from income taxes was not ac-
ceptable to Romney. The governor
said that this would be offering
additional state aid whether or
not it was needed.
Romney had the same objec-
tion to the mayor's proposal for
an additional $23 million of state
"aid to school districts through a
change in Romney's plan for tax
relief to local property owners.
Romney also protested that Cav-
anagh's idea w oul d actually
amount to a tax increase, for it
wouldn't give property tax owners
as much tax reduction as his plan.
The governor scored the final
point by turning down Cavan-
agh's proposal to eliminate the
lien clause from Romney's home-
stead tax deferral plan for senior
citizens.
The governor turned down this
idea, saying it was tantamount to
tax benefits for these citizens'
heirs.

IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER-Student Government Council
members last night continued debate of proposed regulations on
membership selection in student groups. Representing the Office
of Student Affairs is Director of Student Activities and Organiza-
tions John Bingley (center).
SUPREME COURT:
arren Asserts Court
Protects Basic Rights
SAN FRANCISCO (P)-Chief Justice Earl Warren, showered with
honors in his home state, delivered an almost unprecedented defense
of the United States Supreme Court last night.
And, for the first time, Warren denied "terrible controversies"
have raged in the Court.
He spoke in emphatic terms against critics who accuse the tribunal
of invading states' rights. What they overlook, he said in an address
%prepared for the state bar conven-

By LOUISE LIND and
LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
Student Government Counci
last night passed two amendmenti
tightening and clarifying its con-
trol over discriminatory member-
ship selections in student groups.
The amendments were inserted
into the major motion currently
pending before Council, "Member.
ship Selection in Student Organ-
izations." It outlines procedures
for the elimination of bias in
group membership selection.
The motion as a whole awaits
final passage next week.
Membership Tribunal
The first amendment, submitted
by Russel Epker, '64BAd, re-
arranged the membership tribuna
to consist of two student memberi
and a faculty or alumnus member
with an LLB degree serving as
chairman.
The tribunal, before Epker's
amendment, had consisted of a
student, faculty and adiministra
tive representative.
The* membership tribunal is
charged with hearing all cases of
alleged discrimination, ascertain
ing facts and affixing penaltie
where necessary.
Epker's amendmnent specified
that the one faculty and two stu
dent members of the tribuna
would be selected by SOC for a
one-year term, beginning in th
fall.
The passage of Epker's amend
ment followed the defeat of an
other proposal offered by Daily
Editor Ronald Wilton, '64, calling
for the abolition of the member
ship tribunal. To replace the tri
bunal, his amendment suggestei
that Council itself be granted th
power to affix the final penalty.
The second accepted amend
ment, submitted by Sherry Mille,
'65, maintained the original in
vestigative authority with the SGC
committee on membership.
The membership committee i
charged with receiving complaints
collecting information and inves
tigating suspected violations.

Di scriminatlo:

Symington Sharply Attacks
Nation's Defense Stockpiles
WASHINGTON (P)Sen. Stuart Symington (D-Mo) released yes-
terday a stinging criticism of the nation's $8 billion defense stock-
piles in the wake of Republican charges of political bias.
The voluminous report centered most of its criticism of multi-
million dollar losses, windfall profits and questionable contracts upon
George M. Humphrey, former secretary of the treasury under Repub-
lican President Dwight D. Eisenhower. But it also listed most of the
eti _ n L mic _ _ ,r na i . ma- ' +

U.S., Soviets
To Negotiate
WASHINGTON {P)-The United
States and Russia are scheduled
to open a new round of negotia-,
tions in Moscow today for a con-
sular agreement under which they
might expand offices beyond Mos-
cow and Washington.
The State Department recently
sent its consular expert, Ward M.
Cameron, to the Soviet capital to
handle the negotiations.
The United States would like to
get Soviet agreement to open one
or more consulates in cities other
than Moscow, probably beginning
with Leningrad. Comparable rights
would have to be extended to the
Soviet government in the United'
States.

tion, is that American fundan)en-
tal law expressed in the Constitu-
tion is designed to protect the
rights of the individual.
Reviews Decade
The 72-year-old former Califor-
nia governor reviewed a decade of
landmark cases emblazoned with
the civil rights issue. This includ-
ed seven of the United States Su-
preme Court's justices and most of
California's judges of all courts.
The occasion was a special cere-
mony honoring Warren on the
10th anniversary of his appoint-
ment to the nation's top judicial
post.
Earlier, Gov. Edmund Brown of,
California charged "hate mongers"
were out to undermine the Su-
preme Court.
No Haven
"I know," he said, "that the bar
of this state will give no haven
to the John Birch Society, which
has become nationally infamous in
its efforts to impugn the integrity
of one of the greatest chief jus-
.tices in our history."
Warren said there are people on
the outside who "for reasons -of
their own, have enlarged upon an
occasionalsharp retort in court or
a few caustic sentences in a des-
senting opinion to build imaginary
feuds that never existed.
"I could count on the fingers of
my hands-possibly one hand-all
the times that there has been even
a flare of temperament in the
conference room.
Warren said there have been
few eras in the 175-yearhistory
of the Supreme Court in which it
has not beeni the center of intense
controversy.

I tner.Eisennower caainet memoersV

as active in the then secret poli-
cies and contracts which have
built up huge surpluses of strategic
and critical materials.
A few hours before the hurried
release of the thousands of words,
Sen. J. Glen Beall (R-Md) pro-
tested that the document was a
slanted political attack upon re-
spected officials of the Eisenhower
administration.
Three members of the Syming-
ton investigating group refused to
agree to the report: Sens. Beall,
Clifford P. Case (R-NJ) and
Strom Thurmond (D-SC).
Case made public a letter from
President Eisenhower which
strongly defended his stockpile
policies and decisions.
Eisenhower said that he "firmly
rejected the policy of too little,
too late stockpiling" and when he
left office in 1961 "the nation was
strongly situated in this regard to
deal with the forces of interna-
tional Communism."
Symington, who directed the
year-long inquiry, called in news-
men and handed out the 99 page
dnoument.

GENETICS RESEARCH:
Neel Prasei-
By GAIL BLUMBERG i,
The new Lawrence D. Buhl
Center for Genetics Research is
one of the best equipped in the
world, Prof. James V. Neel, chair- ~
man of the genetics department of
the Medical School, said yesterday.
The center; virtually unique in "
the United States, will begin oper-
ations on or about Oct. 15. Work
will be essentially directed to-
wards tissue culture and biochem-
ical genetics, Prof. Neel said.
A staff of six with 30 people in
supporting positions will man the'
new two-story a n d basement'
structure building. The Buhl Cen-
ter, which is located opposite the
Mental Health Research Institute,
provides 7200 square feet of labor-
atory area.
This new addition to the Uni-

s B~uhl Center for Facilities

Work in Conjuction
Miss Miller's amendment state
that the SGC committee coul
work in conjunction with any fra
ternity-sorority committee tha
might be established, but that th
Greek committee was not to re
strict the SGC committee fror
carrying out its duties.
The passage of Miss Miller'
amendment was substituted fo
an amendment proposed by Inter
fraternity Council President Clif
ford Taylor, '64, which called fo
the establishment of a IFC-Pan
hellenic Association subcommittee
This committee was to hav
taken original investigative au
thority in alleged Greek discrim
ination violations, the power cur
rently vested in the SGC member
ship committee.
After the meeting, Taylor note
that "we plan to go ahead with the
establishment of an IFC-Panhe
committee."
He announced his intention t
request from Council next wee
authority for such a committee.
In the meantime, Taylor sai
that he and IFC Executive Vice
President Richard Mandel, '64
would draw up the geperal pro
cedural rules for the IFC-Panhe
committee in conjunction witi
Panhel President Patricia Elkins
'64.
Taylor had originally seen th
SGC membership committee a
serving a "watchdog function" al
s _ ._ _ n.,nrt_, _ _

Today's Issue
Members of The Daily busi-
ness staff will be stationed at
various locations on central
campus today with this free is-
sue in an attempt to boost The
Daily's circulation.
In adition to this effort, most
of the problems arising earlier
this fall in subscription records

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