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,!

Navy .........51
West Virginia.. 7

Northwestern.. 23

Wisconsin ..... 41.
W. Michigan... 0

Missouri

S.California...14 Air Force .....10 Army ........30
Colorado...... 0 Washington ... 7 Boston U.,..... 0

.. ....12

Alabama......32
Georgia ....... 7

Slippery Rock
Delaware State

U.S.-RUSSIAN ICE AGE
MAY BE MELTING/
See Editorial Page

InkCign

I)aty

PARTLY CLOUDY

High-66
Low-42
Fair and cooler
tonight

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No 19 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1963 SEVEN CENTS

SIX PA(

Defines College Authority

By RAYMOND HOLTON
Under the new state consti-
tution, the administrative re-
sponsibilities of higher educa-
tion will be shifted mainly to
the individual institutions
themselves, legislative research
aide Prof. William J. Pierce of
the Law School said yesterday.
Prof. Pierce is presently work-
ing with two joint legislative
committees appointed to ini-
plement the new constitution.
The University, along with
Michigan State and Wayne
State Universities and other
institutions, will have separate
constitutional status when the
new constitution takes effect,
Prof. Pierce noted. "Along with
this 'autonomous' position will
be the institutions' responsibil-
ity to coordinate their activi-
ties," he said.
Interference Vaccine
"Higher educational institu-
tions in the state will be liter-
ally immunized from legislative
interference in their curriculum
setups," Prof. Pierce explained.
"However," he added, "the
Legislature will have what is
known as 'the power of the
purse'," meaning legislators
could indirectly influence a
school's program by restricting
the flow of st'ate appropriations.

"Failure to appropriate cer-
tain funds obviously can affect
the development of an institu-
tion," Prof. Pierce remarked.
Budgets, Mainly
Coordinating b u d g e t s of
higher educational institutions
will be the primary-responsibil-
ity of the new eight-man state
board of education. "This board
will decide policy toward the
state's schools, rather than
leaving this job in the hands of
the superintendent of public'
instruction," Prof. Pierce com-
mented.
The superintendent will act
in an executive manner, carry-
ing out the administrative du-
ties and board policy. His of-
fice will be filled by appoint-
ments of the governor after
July 1, 1965. The present su-
perintendent will serve official-
ly until that time.
The state board will operate
under a part-time basis.
Can't Do It All
"However, the board cannot
coordinate all activities of state
schools. These schools must
realize they should coordinate
their programs with each oth-
er," Prof. Pierce noted.
He said the question to be
considered is "Do you let all
schools develop the same spe-

cialized fields? Is this econom-
ically and educationally in the
interest of the state?"
Further changes in higher
education administration will
take place in electing officers
to the governing board of four
institutions which were p -e-
viously under direction of the
State Board of Education.
Self-Directing
When the constitution takes
effect, Western, Eastern, North-
ern and Central Universities
will be under the direction of
their own governing boards,
Prof. Perce pointed out.
"The increasing demand for
higher education presents prob-
lems in other areas aside from
administrative," he added. "The
-gathering popularity of two-
year post-high school education
has hit this state.
"Michigan has needs for jun-
ior college development. Right
here in Ann Arbor, the idea of
a two-year institution is being
investigated," Prof. Pierce not-
ed.
Prof. Pierce also commented
on Gov. George Romney's pro-
posal to reduce property taxes
by 20 per cent, saying, "This
will encourage people to act
favorably toward local millage
requests."

ARCHAIC STRUCTURE:
Pope Plans To Update Administration

VATICAN CITY (M---Pape Paul
VI said yesterday he intends to
internationalize the entire Vatican-
based administration of the Ro-
man Catholic church, chopping off
with reforms "whatever is archaic
or superfluous."
The pontiff announced his aims
in an address to the very body
that will get the overhauling-
the Curia Romana, or Roman
Court.
Its 12 congregations, 3 tribunals
and 6 special offices date from
the Middle Ages.
Cardinals, archbishops, bishops
and scores of monsignors make up
the Curia's 1000-man staff. Most
are Italians and most make a ca-
reer of serving in the Vatican.
Special Session
Pope Paul received the Curia in
special audience in the apostolic
palace a week before the Vatican
Ecumenical Council's second ses-
sion begins. He praised the work
and devotion of the Curia and also
told its members:
"Various reforms are needed.
They certainly will be ponderous.
They will be in line with venerable
and reasonable traditions on one
hand, and according to the needs
Rusk. Sets Up'
Series of Talks
On Red Policy,
NEW YORK (JP)-Secretary of
State Dean Rusk heads into 12
days of intense diplomatic activity
in deep uncertainty over what can
be harvested from the present
pause in the cold war.
Starting with a dinner last night
for Laos' neutralist premier Sou-
vanna Phouma, Rusk expects to
meet with 60 or more government
chiefs and foreign ministers here
and in Washington in the course
of the current United Nations
General Assembly session. He
plans to return to the capital in
time to greet visiting Ethiopian
Emperor Haile Selassie Oct. 3.
Rusk's most important talks
here will be with Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei A. Gromyko, be-
ginning late next week. Britain's
foreign secretary, Lord Home,, will
be sitting in on the sessions de-
signed to find out: "After the
limited test ban treaty-what?"
Playing It Coy
United States sources said the
Soviets have yet to reveal what
they really want to do toward
solving East-West problems, be-
yond their public statements since
the test ban signing Aug. 5.
Gromyko's speech to the General
Assembly Friday was rated as
moderate--he saw a "good wind"
favoring peace initiatives-but as
presenting nothing new.
United States uncertainty over
whether the good wind will be
followed by good deeds stems from

of the times on the other hand.
"And they will certainly be func-
tional and beneficial, because they
will have no other aim than to let
fall whatever is archaic or super-
fluous in the forms and norms
which regulate the Roman Curia
and to put into being whatever is
vital and healthy."
Changes To Come
The pontiff said the Curia itself
would formulate and 'carry out
the reforms. He did not detail
what changes would be made, how
they could be made or when they
would start. But he told prelates
and priests before him:
Hershey Urges
M~ore Trainingr
For Military
WASHINGTON (IP)-Lt. Gen.
Lewis B. Hershey, head of the se-
lective service system, says the
armed forces should get their
fighting men through the draft
instead of putting on high-pres-
sure enlistment canipaigns.
He gave his views before a
House Appropriations Subcommit-
tee during hearings on the 1964
budget. His testimony, given be-
hind closed doors, was made pub-
lic by the committee.
The draft law, Hershey said,
should be permanent because "the
armed services have never been
sold on training enough people for
short periods of time."
"I do not believe, in a country
like ours," he added, "that we will
ever have enough professionals to
insure our survival. One of the
worst things you can do for civil-
ians is to have them believe that
somebody else is looking after
them."
Referring to the Defense De-
partment, Hershey said "the pro-
fessionals do an ill-service when
they say 'give us the money and
we will protect you.' They cannot.
They are the edge of the blade
but the back of the blade has to be
the citizenry."

"The Roman Curia must not
fear recruitment with a wider in-
ternational vision, nor fear being
educated by a more accurate ecu-
menical preparation."
The Curia includes such bodies
as the Vatican Secretariat of State,
the tribunals that handle mar-
riage and separation cases and
congregations such as the Holy
Office, guardian of doctrine, began
in the early 13th century as the
congregation of the Inquisition to
fight heresy.
All in Favor
Reform of the Curia, especially
the addition of clerics from out-
side Italy, has been advocated in
recent years by many bishops and
theologians.
When Pope John XXIII opened
the Ecumenical Council last Oc-
tober, it was called to bring Cath-
olicism up to date and promote
the Christian unity. He spoke of
"prophets of gloom" within his
Curia who had thought it would
take 10 years to prepare the coun-
cil.
CORE Affiiate
To Stage March
The Ann Arbor Housing Asso-
ciation, an affiliate of the Con-
gress of Racial Equality, will stage
a silent march through Negro and
selected white sections of town
today.
The march, co-sponsored by the
local chapter of the National Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of
Colored People, Voice Political
Party and the University chapter
of the Friends of the Student Non-
Violent Coordinating Committee,
is part of a simultaneous nation-
wide sympathy demonstration for
the six Negro children slain in
Birmingham, Ala., last week..
FH "-CORE is also sponsoring a
picket of City Hall during tomor-
row's work meeting of the City
Council. The picket will be in pro-
test of the fair housing legislation
passed by the council Sept. 16.

President
Receives
Criticism
By The Associated Press
President John F. Kennedy yes-
terday faced political snipers on
all side, and emerged more or less
nonplused.
In Cincinnati, Kennedy's civil
rights program was attacked by
Teamsters Union President James
R. Hoffa, who said it was "only a
device to attract the Negro vote."
Speaking at a news conference,
Hoffa noted:
"Kennedy is telling the colored
people a lie. He's not going to give
them more jobs. He's using the
race issue for political gain. Ken-
nedy has no interest in the color-
ed people."
Hoffa also accused the President
of fomenting violence by saying
on television that the only way
southern Negroes could get their
rights was by demonstrating.
He added that there is no racial
discrimination among the Team-
sters and that the only reason
Teamsters officials were not in-
vited to a recent White House con-
ference on racial matters was that
Kennedy wanted to deprive them
of the favorable publicity.
Meanwhile, speaking in Hunt-
ington, W. Va., New York Gov.
Nelson Rockefeller tore into the
Kennedy administration and said
West Virginia is a prime example
of how it "rates political exped-
iency above principles."
"We've got a talk-big, act-little
administration," Rockefeller as-
serted.
"Kennedy smothered this state
in promises during the spring and
summer of 1960," said Rockefeller,
adding, "there isn't a man or
woman in West Virginia who does-
n't know how completely and
flagrantly these promises have
been ignored.''
It was in 1960 that Kennedy de-
feated Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D-
Va) in the Democratic presidential
primary in West Virginia and got
a big boost toward the nomination.
Rockefeller quoted Kennedy as
saying in Charleston, W. Va., in
May of 1960 that he would appoint
a high-level commission to study
the economic problems of that
state in depth and come up with
remedies. He said Kennedy prom-
ised that the commission would
have orders to report back in 60
days.
"Well, friends, as we meet here
tonight, 960 days plus two full
weeks have elapsed since the start
of Kennedy's administration, and
what do we find? No commission;
no report; no recommendations;
no legislative program for this
state."
Rockefeller continued, "The only
commitment he really took ser-
iously was his political debt to
Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr."
This was an obvious reference
to the appointment of Roosevelt
as undersecretary of commerce.
Roosevelt campaigned for Ken-
nedy in the 1960 West Virginia
campaign.
Rockefeller also charged that
"while federal grants-in-aiddto the
nation as a whole have increased
by over a billion dollars, grants-
in-aid to West Virginia have gone
down."
In Cleveland, however, Vice-
President Lyndon B. Johnson said
the Democrats will wage the 1964
campaign on the issue of "respon-
sible government" by the Kennedy
administration.
"We are willing to submit the
record to the people," he said. "We
believe we have earned the trust

of our friends, and the grudging
respect of our enemies."

To

Me

Viet Narn

Soviet Union
Lashes Out
At Red China
By The Associated Press
The Soviet Union has lashed out
a new series of charges and threats
against Communist China.
These threats, contained within
a two-part Communist party state-
ment, are believed a response to
recent Peking invectives against
the test ban treaty and alleged
Sino-Soviet border clashes.
The Soviets charged that Com-
munist Chinese servicemen and
civilians violated Russian borders
thousands of times since 1960 and
in some cases tried to seize Soviet
territory.
Front Organization
The criticisms went on to warn
the Chinese that any renewal of
trouble on China's border with
India could possibly lead to the
"opening of a second front" by
Russia on its own border with
China.
In noting these border viola-
tions the Soviet statement noted
that "the Soviet Union treats with
respect the countries bordering
on it."
It went on to sy that if Peking
maintained its present "hostility
to its neighbors-India and Rus-
sia-it will face a most resolute
rebuff from the Soviet people."
A Priori Anger
Published in Pravda Saturday
night and distributed by Tass
News Agency, the Russian tirade
was interpreted by officials here
as an answer to earlier Chinese
allegations.
These allegations had dealt with
the seizure of certain Chinese ter-
ritories by Tsarist Russia and what
the Chinese termed ."the Russian
fomented trouble among border
tribes on the China side last year."
The Chinese had also found
fault in the limited nuclear test
ban treaty which they felt had
put Communism at a disadvant-
age.
Motives Questioned
The Russian charges did not
make specific reference to the
past Chinese allegations. They
launched a general criticism of
the Chinese motives in stirring up
the border issues.
"By deliberately focusing the
people's attention on frontier
questions, the Chinese Communist
leaders artificially whip up nation-
alist passions and hostility toward
other peoples," the statement ex-
plained.
Simultaneous with the state-
ment, the Soviets have announced
their intention of stepping up aid
programs for India. The offered
programs, diplomats say, include
a missile and Mig fighter jet fac-
tory which would be set up in New
Delhi.
One diplomat close to the scene
in Moscow indicated that the lat-
est Moscow statement and India
aid offers may be the inception of
a new program on Moscow's part
to woo India into the Communist
fold.
Moscow's fears that India de-
pendence on Western aid may keep
it effectively out of the Soviet
sphere of influence are reflected
in Pravda's pro-Indian view.

To Consider

TROUBLE-SHOOTERS-Sen. Robert S. McNamara (left) and
Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
will leave tomorrow to review the current military situation in
Saigon, where Buddhist riots against the government of Prime
Minister Ngo Dinh Diem have been fairly frequent of late.
MODIFICATION:
School, County Heads
Unite on Tax Program
By The Associated Press
Natural enemies when it comes to tax bills, city, county and
school leaders yesterday pulled a switch and banded together to work
for the passage of a satisfactory but modified tax reform program.
Their decision, made at a meeting of spokesmen for the major
school organizations, the Michigan Municipal League and the Mich-
igan Association of Supervisors, has greatly enhanced the chances

for Romney's tax reform. progra'm,
a Lansing spokesman said.
However, the city, county and
school leaders made it quite clear
that they do not support the pro-
gram exactly as Romney has now
explained it.
Down with Option
De Los Hamlin, chairman of the
Oakland county board of super-
visors, noted that he does not like
the optional feature of the excise
tax offered to counties. He said
he would prefer that the state levy
such a tax rather than giving the
counties the option of levying one.
City leaders, aware that the new
constitution will give them unlim-
ited taxing authority Jan. 1, ob-
jected to statuatory restrictions on
this authority. In particular, they
raised objections to the one per
cent limit on their income tax and
the pre-emption of business taxes
by the state.
The school officials had qualms
about the lack of new sources of
revenue for school districts in the
program.
Ignore Problems
Walter Simmons, assistant sup-
erintendent of Detroit schools, ex-
pressed "strong disappointment"
that the program "chooses to
ignore the money problems of
schools."
However, despite the complaints,
Romney was reported as consider-
ing the city-county-school meet-
ing "a valuable boost to my pro-
gram."
The Lansing spokesman noted
that the meeting could be an im-
portant development.
"If the group can succeed in
pacifying all elements who would
normally object to the program,
then Romney will at least have
time to raise support for his meas-
ures," the spokesman said.

Chief

.S

Military

Aide

Nfegro Lacks
Greek Push'
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-Negroes, who have
tumbled educational racial bar-
riers in a massive national drive,
so far have paid little attention
to one aspect of, college life-the
fraternity and sorority.
In some colleges and universi-
ties across the country, the Ne-
gro already is included on the rolls
of such campus organizations.
In other schools there exist all-
Negro sororities and fraternities.
In most other institutions where
fraternities and sororities have no
non-white members, the Negro so
far has done little to indicate he
wants to join.
Several regional officials of the
NAACP said the Negro feels be-
ing admitted to previously all-
white schools was a big enough
step for the present.
Chester Lewis, president of the
Wichita chapter of the NAACP,
said he believed the breaking of
any racial barriers that might exist
in fraternities and sororities, "is
the farthest thing from the Negro
thinking right now, what with
other problems they face."
Integrate Fraternities
However, Laplois Ashford, na-
tional.director of the youth and
college division of the NAACP, said
his group was "planning some type
of activities through which we
eventually hope to integrate these
fraternities and sororities.
"It is true that the Negro has a
lot on his mind right now and it
might be a little while before we'
can begin on this problem in full
force, but it is in the planning
stage," he said.
He said that when such a pro-
gram is put into effect, "The drive
will be made on the campuses of
Northern,, Mid-Western and West-
ern schools first."
Few Clauses
A nationwide sampling by the
Associated Press showed that very
few of those colleges checked had
fraternities or sororities which had
racial clauses written into the
charters or bylaws. However, such
clauses do appear in the constitu-
tions and charters of some nation-
al fraternities and sororities.
In most such cases, college offi-
cials said, the individual fraterni-
ties contend they do not abide by
the regulations. In some instances,

Fighting Site,
Note Losses
McNamara, Taylor
To Set Worth of Aid,
Analyze Soviet Tactics
NEWPORT ()-President John
F. Kennedy yesterday ordered his
two top military advisors to go to
Saigon next week to review the
military situation in strife-torn
Viet Nam.
Secretary of Defense Robert S.
McNamara and Gen. Maxwell B.
Taylor, chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, leave Monday to
spend a week on a first-hand study
of the military effort against the
Communist Viet Cong.
The announcement of the mis-
sion came as American military
men in Viet Nam reported the
Communists stepping up their of-
fensive, with more than 400 Viet-p~
namese casualties in the last wee
alone-possibly higher than the
Communist losses for the first
time in their long struggle.
Increased Activity
The increased activity of the
Viet Cong guerrillas was regarded
as an attempt to capitalizeonds
turbances which followed the gov-
ernmnent crackdown on Buddhists.
There were about 500 incidents
during the week, attacks on ham-
lets and outposts, sabotage and
terrorizing, initiated by the Com-
munists.
McNamara and Taylor's. report
to Kennedy will have a major
bearing on the future of the $1
million a day U.S. aid to the gov-
ernment of Ngo Dinh Diem.
After Consultations
The White House announcement
followed consultations with Am-
bassador Henry Cabot Lodge and
with others in the top level of the
United States government.
The President in recent weeks
has said several times that the
Ngo Dinh Diem government has
lost touch with the people. But
at the same time he also has said
it would not be wise to cut off
United States aid to South Viet
Nam.
"The President and Ambassador
Lodge believe that ih the present
situation it will be helpful to have
a review by Secretary McNamara
and Gen. Taylor of the military
effort against the Viet Cong," the
White House statement said.
'Both McNamara and Taylor vis-
ited Viet Nam last year, McNa-
mara in May and Taylor in Sep-
tember.
McNamara and Taylor will be
accompanied by Arthur Sylvester,
assistant secretary of defense for
public affairs, and William Bundy,
deputy assistant secretary for in
ternational security. Col. Sidney
Berry and Marine Col. George W.
Carrington -also will go with them.
About 15,000 Americans are in
South Viet Nam, most of them
connected with the American dip-
lomatic or military missions.
The fight against the Commu-
nist guerrilla Viet Cong has been
complicated by rioting in Saigon
and other cities in a bitter dis-
pute between Buddhist factions
charging persecution by the Rom-
an Catholic Ngo Dinh Diem family
which dominates the government.
President Seesn
No Barriers
To Unification
There are no legal stumbling
blocks to a merger of the Michi-
gan Union and the Michigan
League, University President Har-
lan Hatcher told a press confer--
ence after the Regents meeting
Friday.
Vice-President for Business and

Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont had
checked original charters of the
League to determine whether that
organization; as several alumnae

WELCOME FOREIGN STUDENTS:
Hatcher, Norrell Address Consultation

By DAVE BLOCK
University President Harlan Hatcher expressed his hope that
this year's new foreign students would adjust easily and begin to feel
at home at the University.
The message was extended last night in Rackham Aud. in Presi-
dent Hatcher's official and traditional welcome to the University's
foreign students.
He spoke of his many visits to institutes of higher learning around
the globe, including trips to many of the countries which are repre-
sented by students in Ann Arbor.

A program of cultural exchange
is the means by which the United
States tries "to form and strength-
en a multiplicity of friendly ties
between countries and between
peoples," Mrs. Catherine D. Nor-
rell, deputy assistant secretary of
state for educational and cultural
affairs, said yesterday.
Mrs. Norrell spoke at a luncheon
in conjunction with the Interna-
tional Center's "Consultation of

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