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September 21, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-21

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fit Muligan Daily
&-fW -Third Yeer
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Goldwater's Ideas:
A Remodeling

Confer ence on the 'U'
Promotes Communication

RUMBLING is a major student pastime. We
all spend a good percentage of our time
ding poor teaching, red tape, course and
'ibution requirements, exams, regulations or
bever other frustrations we encounter.
ifortunately, student complaints seldom go
nd the gripe stage. They generally remain
formed, irresponsible and ineffective, never
d by anyone but roommates and not com-
ensive enough to merit consideration by
e in power. As such they produce nothing
self-pity and more frustration.
any of these gripes, of course, are simply
inalizations of the griper's own shortcom-

Good Show

Administration Bldg. displayed an all-star,
ast,. incredibly good acting and a convincing
simple plot.
Presented in living color, the drama opened
n a relatively unexciting note with the words
rhe Regents meeting for September will now
ome to order," uttered by Harlan Hatcher,
ho played the leading role of University Presi-
The rest of the show was presented in sim-
arly pedestrian fashion, but in all fairness
ne must point out that the story line-com-
osed of . academic appointments, gifts and
:ants, budget items and other such trifles-...-
as scrupulously close to historical reality.
SOW, THE SCRIPT could have, included
some other things-like whether the good
d 'U' has cut down on the precentage of out-
-state students, whether the Regents liked
ie Union-League merger plan dr not, and what
ie Regents think about the extra-curricular
ctivities probe now under way by the admin-
tration. But these things might have caused
scussion and debate, and so they were wisely
ft out of the plot.
The actors were, obviously well-rehearsed.
hey evidenced superb timing, with just the
oper amount of humorless quips and mean-
gless questions to provide variety. They were
lemn and lofty enough to persuade anyone
at they were actually doing something; their
'portment was like that of real-life Regents
id high administrators.
Unfortunately, despite the top-notch acting
rformances, several members of the audience
t the foolish notion that the players were,
st going through the motions of a public
agents meeting. By some wild stretch of the
iagination, they thought that the Regents
3d talked about everything of importance in
ivate Thursday night, and then restricted
emselves to unanimous trivialities in public
i Friday afternoon.
No, the actors in yesterday's masquerade did
At want anyone to get the impression that a
egents' meeting really is a nauseating and
sgusting farce, and so they have agreed to
ye another performance each month during
e rest of the school year. ,
City Editor

ings. But many more, if developed from gripes
into workable ideas, could point to significant
reforms needed in the University.
One of the main reasons they seldom do
reach a constructive level is that there are
virtually no opportunities for dissatisfied stu-
dents-aside from those who have the time to
become prominent in activities-to discuss
University issues in depth with people who have
the knowledge and influence to get things,
this communication barrier is the second
Conference on the University, to be held Oct.
25-27. It is essentially an opportunity for stu-
dents, faculty and administrators to air their
complaints and--more important-to try to
arrive at practical solutions to the problems
underlying them. It is undoubtedly the best
opportunity the average student has to be
heard on these issues.
The format is simple. The 200 delegates are
divided into 16 discussion groups, each with a
particular topic to consider, and each including
student, faculty and administration delegates.
Brief working papers will give delegates factual
background for their discussion. The ensuing
discussion will be informal bull sessions, some
of which will come up with concrete proposals
which will be presented to appropriate author-
THE CONFERENCE IDEA has great poten-
tial. But it won't succeed automatically on
the idea alone. It will need, first of all, the
follow-up which the first conference lacked.
Only four discussion groups wrote up their
recommendations, and even these drifted into
oblivion. Though not every discussion group
should be expected to achieve a consensus,
those that do should make sure that their re-
port is written and given to the continuing
committee. This :ommittee in turn should
make sure the reports are circulated and read-
and should keep track of whether the recom-
mendations are being'gtaken seriously or ig-
nored by the administration.
Second, it will need an atmosphere, of free
and radical discussion. Administrators must
abandon euphemisms and secrecy for two days,
at least, and delegates must not let themselves
be intimidated by the presence of VIP's in their
group. Last year's conference did fairly well
on this score, but as one of its organizers retro-
spectively remarked, "I think we all were a
little too polite."
BUT MOST IMPORTANT right now, it needs
student delegates-both graduate and un-
dergraduate. Petitions are available at the
SGC office in the SAB. Students from all walks
of campus life should petition: the student
leaders who can be counted on to participate
get plenty of chances all year to proclaim their
views-but the rest of the campus doesn't.
Student delegates. need not be experts with'
ready-to-use ideas for remaking the University.'
The only prerequisite is a lively interest in the
University and the desire to turn this interest
into constructive discussion.

American politics, which is to
draw candidates away from ex-
treme positions, is now working on
Senator Goldwater. Like every
other man who has ever taken
himself seriously as a presiden-
tial candidate, the senator is now
engaged in remodeling his ideas,
in moving away from the far
right and toward the more mod-
erate center.
A striking example of this re-
treat from the extreme is his view
of the graduated income tax. He
still believes, as he said in 1960,
that "the graduated income tax is
a confiscatory tax" and that we
should "abolish the graduated fea-
tures of our tax laws" (the bigger
the income the higher the rate of
taxation), "and the sooner we get
at the job, the better."
But now in 1963 he is telling the
editors of U.S. News & World Re-
port that "I won't go that far, but
I'm opposed to the theory. I'd like
to see some other suggestions
made in the whole field."
* * *
graduated income tax and study-
ing it, there Is all the difference
between a radical and an ex-
tremely cautious moderate. The
effects of this suction toward the
center are breaking out all over
the original extremist Goldwater
views. Thus he has declared him-
self opposed to all federal pro-
grams in the field of social wel-
fare, education, public power, ag-
riculture, public housing and ur-
ban renewal. But now it appears
the welfare state is to be repealed,
but only very slowly.
This fudging process is charac-
teristic of serious candidates for
election. I say serious candidates.
For the fringe candidates-Social-
ists, Prohibitionists, Vegetarians-
are able to keep their views sharp
and unfudged, because they are
not really running for office, but
are talking to influence opinion.
But Senator Goldwater, who is,
now in big league politics, is well
along on the road where he will
sound less and less like Goldwater
and more and more like Eisen-
hower. If he is to be nominated
and is to stand any chance of
election, he must make himself
acceptable to the preponderant
mass of the -voters.
They are not on the right and
they are not on the left, but
around the center, a little but not
much to the right of it and a little
but not much to the left of it.
* * *
WHAT MAKES this suction to-
ward the moderate center so im-
presive is that Senator Goldwater
is opposed to it.
Yet, in spite of himself, he is.
being drawn into moderation.;Thus

he is not going to ask for the re-
peal of the graduated income tax.
He is not going to ask for the
repeal of Social Security. He is not
going to oust Castro by sending
American troops to invade Cuba.
4. * *
HE IS DOOMED to suffer this
evolution as the nominating con-
vention draws nearer. It is wrong,
but it is going to happen. He says
it is the duty of the Republican
Party to cease to be "Little Sir
Echo" to the Democrats. The party
should offer the country a clear
choice between right and wrong,
good and evil, socialism and indi-
Moreover, it is bad politics. The
party must differentiate itself dis-
tinctly and sharply from the Dem-
ocrats for there is, he fondly
believes, a great majority in the
country which is now divided be-
tween the two parties. This great
majority will vote Republican if
the choice is clear and absolute.
Yet, we know that when the
election comes, the choice will not
be clear and absolute.
*. * *
WHY? Because Senator Gold-
water is wrong about the funda-
mental facts. The great majority
of Americans are not on the ex-
tremes, but in the center, and that
is why every serious candidate
must adapt himself to the modera-
tion of the center.
This peculiar condition is the
basis of the genius of the Ameri-
can political system. It forces the
people into a consensus even
though they are divided. I would
say that this is the inner mechan-
ism which has enabled the Ameri-
can nation to do what has not
been done elsewhere at any time
-to preserve personal liberty un-
der democratic government on a
continental scale.
There was on terrible exception
when the system broke down into
a civil war over the issue of slav-
ery. But except for that failure,
of which we are still suffering. the
consequences, the system has
worked exceedingly well.
* * *
WHY IS IT that the making of
a consensus when the voters are
divided is of paramount impor-
tance to the operation of a free
and democratic government? Be-
cause the inner secret of orderly
government is that the minority
can and will accept peaceably and
with good will the verdict of the
Senator Goldwater, who is not a
fanatic of the extreme, but an am-
bitious politician, is now in the
process of reshaping himself for
the political realities of this coun-
try. It is interesting to watch him
and comforting to think that the
system is working so well.
(c) 1963, The Washington Post Co.

.4 1




Property Tax Cut Advisable


To Rot or to Russia?

T LEAST a partial solution to the continual
wheat surplus problem of the United States
as appeared. We now have an opportunity to
ell wheat to the Soviet Union.
Although the State Department has denied
,ny official contact with Russia on the matter,
pparently the Russians have approached
.merican traders unofficially with offers to do
usiness. It would be foolhardy for the gov-
rnment not to take advantage of both a logical
nd a workable answer to the millions of
ushels of surplus wheat rottiig in its bins.
At present there is no specific federal law
gainst selling wheat to Communist countries.
'he United States sells wheat to Poland and
ugoslavia. But government policy is hostile
>ward sale to countries unfriendly to the
nited States. In the past the Russians have
ought their wheat primarily from Western
urope and just recently from Canada and
T~r* *

Australia. Crop difficulties have apparently
forced Russia into increasing its import quota.
The New York Times reports that Western ob-
servers believe that the main purpose behind
the increased imports is to enable the Soviet
Union to maintain its obligations to Communist
countries. The observers expect most of the
Canadian and Australian wheat to be re-
WHATEVER THE REASON, the opportunity
for the United States is clearly one which
is to its advantage. Canada cannot cope with
any greater increase in exports because of the
difficulties involved in preparing and shipping
the grain, and the United States is the only
other country able to supply the wheat de-
mand from Western Europe and the Soviet
Union. It seems obvious that there is a good
chance for the United States to get rid of a
great deal of its extra wheat through sale to
both Western Europe and the Soviet Union.
The question of whether or not this country
should sell to Russia because she is Com-
munist is so irrelevant and so hopelessly short-
sighted that there is no value in discussing it.
If people need food they should be fed.
There is the hopeful question of whether
any more people will be fed under this new ar-
rangement than under the past arrangements.
Since there were crop failures in both Western
Europe and the Soviet Union this year, it is
reasonable to assume that the need for added,
wheat is not to feed more of the populace than
usual-or feed them better-but just to have
the normal amount of wheat on hand. Thus
the United State will he maintaining' th

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
fifth in a series of articles investi-
gating Gov. George Romney's pro-
posed fiscal reform plan.)
HSEVENTH specific legisla-
tion included in Gov. George
Romney's 12-part plan combines
two areas dear to the hearts ,of
most of the general public: pro-
perty taxes and the financing of
education. In a move "intended to
give property tax relief," he pro-
poses that each taxpayer be grant-
ed a 20 per cent reduction in local
real and personal property taxes
levied for school purposes.
An amount totalling 80 per cent
of the entire tax bill would be
paid by the taxpayer as usual,
'All Quiet'
before Hiroshima gave the
public an image of destruction.
Whether we are killed slowly as
individuals or quickly en masse,
the brutality remains: men fight
other men like themselves and
are destroyed. So it was in World
War I.
"All Quiet on the Western Front"
1930, is still a ferocious anti-war
film, despite its melodramatic
treatment. By transcending na-
tional patriotism, and focusing on
what happens to men at war,
Lewis Milestone has somewhat
captured the impact of the novel
by Erich Maria Remarque.
This is a war that offers no
possibility for heroism. All that it
offers are the trenches, the hos-
pital, and the grave.
PAUL BAUMER, admirably act-
ed by Lewis Ayres, is an eager
German student who progresses
from anxious enthusiasm to utter
disillusionment and death. His
first encounter with the insanity
of war is with Himmelstoss (John
Wray), a sadistic corporal, who as
a civilian was a friendly postman.
Himmelstoss delights in his role
as a drill instructor and his rank
which he earned in the reserves.
The dehumanizing madness of
basic training is only a prelude to
the impersonal slaughter of the
Louis Wolheim as Katazinsky
plays a shrewd man-about-war
who indoctrinates Paul and the
others in the art of survival, and
his well-rounded performances su-
stains many a scene.
* * .'*
times achieve a newsreel-like im-
mediacy. Some are extremely hor-
rifying, such as the closeups of
men charging machine guns and
being hand-grenaded to death.
The scene where Paul stabs the
Frenchman-and then pulls from
his pocket a photograph of the
wife and child of the man he has
slain-is too long and turns into
pity rather than psychological ter-
ror. The dialogue, written by Max-
well Anderson, is often stilted,
especially in the hospital scenes.
The film does not pretend to be

while the state would repay the
balance to the local authority.
plan would give property tax re-
lief "across the board, on the same
basis to all," at a cost to the
state -of $93 million.
The governor further notes that
the proposal will have several ben-
eficial effects: "it will give local
school districts maneuverability in
their budgets and will materially
increase the state's percentage of
support for local education.
"Yet it will retain in the hands
of the individual home-owners and
voters the ultimate control and
direction of school operations. This
is tax justice."
The question mark inherent in
the governor's proposal, however,
is his remark that the plan "is
not an attempt to improve the
school aid. I expect to make rec-
ommendations to improve the
school aid formula to the 1964
regular legislative session."
*' * *
IN OTHER WORDS, everything
is tentative. Romney is promising
that the state will deliver the
goods upon receipt of the taxpay-
ers' statements without making
any concrete suggestions as to
what revisions he plans to call for
(if any) to aid in state collection
and dispersal of funds.
Support for this part of Rom-
ney's program can be foreseen
from Detroit's Mayor Jerome P.
Cavanagh, who has said he'd "like
to see the state assume all taxing
functions that involve school dis-
tricts in this state."
The cut will also fit in well with
the plans of many citizens of De-
troit- who are waging a battle to
get the voters to accept a millage
proposal. The situation has be-
come so severe in that city that
the fourth and seventh grades

spent the first part of this semes-
ter on half-day sessions until re-
cently. The first grade still faces
this problem.
ACCORDING TO Superinten-
dent of Schools Samuel Brownell,
the property tax cut will be a great
help to the schools. "It means no
more money immediately for
schools, but it will help our cam-
paign because it makes clear to
Detroit taxpayers that they must
still provide support for their
schools," he explains.
Still more significance of the
property tax cut can be traced to
its attractiveness to House Speak-
er Allison Green (R-Kingston).
Green has said, "I don't think you
can sell an income tax without
doing something about property
ing property tax relief have been
submitted and will continue to be
submitted for some time to come.
Senators Garry E. Brown (R-
Schoolcraft) and Emil Lockwood
(R-St. Louis) have suggested that
a direct credit of 30 per cent of
an individual's property tax be
allowed against any state income
Senate Taxation Committee
Chairman Clyde H. Geerlings (R-
Holland) has also got into the act
with a plan to, exempt special
tools used in industry and certain
personal property items from local
property taxes.
WITH SUCH a plethora of plans
to choose from, the Legislature
will have much to keep it busy
when the tax session starts. Hope-
fully the 'legislators will come up
with a plan just as good as Rom-
ney's if they do not accept his;
either way, "tax justice" will sure-:
ly be the end result.

1ooistore 1Bureaucracy

AT A TIME when interest in the
United States National Stu-
dent Association is practically non-
existent, the USNSA co-operative
bookstore is not exactly giving les-
sons in winning friends or in-
fluencing people. Or in making
USNSA leaders on this campus
are the first to acknowledge that
the bookstore is in a precarious
and worsening financial situation.
But their distress hangs more
around the image of USNSA which
the initial chaos and confusion of
its bookstore is lending to the
* * *
CHIEF SKEPTIC and critic is
Howard Abrams, the former Chair-
man of the USNSA Michigan re-
His criticisms center around
the "incredible morass" which he
claims is the direct result of the
administrative control of the store
being handled from Chicago.
Specifically, Abrams has ques-
tioned the book ordering system
whereby orders go "from here to
Chicago to the publisher to Chi-
cago to here." Since the book-

To The Ed io

the $12-a-day loss at which the
store is operating.
Miss Wigle bemoans her inade-
quate power to make decisions
while far-removed Chicago ad-
ministrators make them for her. "I
just don't know anything . . . ex-
cept that things are going wrong,"
she says.
Not quite the pessimist that
Abrams is, she is boldly maintain-
ing the philosophy of "trying to
find some way to make the store
work." But without sufficient
knowledge or authority she can
only helplessly watch what she
calls "the people in Chicago sac-
rificing the store for the sake of
the other three (USNSA co-
SLAUGHTER, not sacrifice
seems to be more apt phrasing of
the situation. Contrasting with the
glaring inadequacy of books, the
little personal customer touches
are subtly absent. There is no
copy of Books in Print in the store,
basic paper supplies are not sold
and deliveries are running a week
later than the promised two week
Despite these grandiose and

To the Editor:
FIFTY-ONE demonstrators con-
nected with the University have
been arrested for loitering in the
Ann Arbor City Council chambers.
They openly invited prosecution
to dramatize their desire for a bet-
ter anti-discrimination ordinance.
They seem quite willing to obey
laws which they themselves favor;
but as for laws which have no im-
mediate value to them, they seem
ready to disregard them. I doubt
if these people feel any kinship
with the governor of Alabama; yet
this is precisely his attitude on
laws, especially racial ones.
I AM APPALLED at'the rapidity
with which a certain idea is
spreading over the country, mainly
as a result of the racial crisis--
the idea that people can claim the
protection of laws without re-
specting them.
call it "civil disobedience," call
it "following a higher laws"-the
main point is that this idea denies
the objective value of law, puts to
contempt the democratic process
of formulating it and altering it,
and destroys the moral basis of
those who fight for change in the
way of our fifty-one.
The anti-trespassing ordinance
is legitimate; violating it is a sign
that the demonstrators have either
forgotten or never understood their
obligation to respect the instru-
ment they would use for their
ends. Actually, their irresponsible
act has proved only one thing:
The answer to this country's race
problem does not lie in laws, but
in the minds of men.
Until a consensus, and an ac-
ceptable one, is reached, there will
be continuing violence, disorder
and "civil disobedience." Law is
not a solution but the expression
of a solution. We have not yet
reached it.
I AM ENOUGH of an optimist
to believe that these fifty-one
demonstrators, or most of them,
will live to see the solution. But I.
wonder if they will not look back
when it comes and reflect how
they hindered the cause they were
trying to advance.

American troops in Cuba or my
role as "just a part . . ..of Fidel's
efficient propaganda system."
These remarks were obviously ab-
surd, irrational and, more than
that, part of the- smear campaign
against our trip, being carried on
by Kennedy and his system of
racist, cold-war lackeys, of which
Mr. Hendel is "just a part" (and
a pretty ineffective part at that).
* * *
HOWEVER his-comment on the
civil liberties situation in Cuba is
well taken and deserves attention.
Although I never said all Cubans
are behind their government (I
would say the vast majority are),
Mr. Hendel is correct when he says
organized channels of dissent are
needed. Most students .on the trip
were disturbed by the lack of these
organs of dissent. All we could do
is try and understand why this
situation exists.
One reason is the actual exist-
ence of widespread unity of pur-
pose and support of the leader-
ship; a fact overly-critical West-
erners cannot seem to fathom.
Nevertheless, Cubans admit that
their society is a, dictatorship,
necessitated because they feel
threatened in a very physical way
i.e. bombings, attacks, sabotage,
by Cuban elements who are not
with the revolution.
In Cuba dissidents do not just
publish or demonstrate; they also
kill and destroy. Dissenters are
usually persons who have lost con-
siderable status, power, wealth; in
effect, their whole way of life.
Thus, to them dissent is no game;
it is war.
* * *
SO, just as I would see the need
for the United States government
to suppress saboteurs, so do I see
that same need in Cuba.
As for those who want to dis-
sent verbally and in writing with-
in the framework of the revolution
or without taking up arms, this
freedom exists in Cuba now (I
talked to several people who hated
the regime) with modifications,
because the island is, in fact, be-
ing bombed, blockaded, and iso-
lated-factors that would cause
tension in any society.
Because of this strain and other


Editorial Staff
toria1 Director City Editor
SARA LAZARUa .............. Personnel Director
IP SUTIN.............National Concerns Editor
EVANS................Associate City Editor
JORIE BRAHMS ...... Associate Editorial Director
RIA BO WLES................... Magazine Editor
[NDA BERRY ............... Contributing Editor
E GOOD .. ..................Sports Editor
E BLOCK ................ Associate Sports Editor
BERUER..............Associate Sports Editor
Z WIN C K. .:........ Contributing Sports Editor


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