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September 07, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-07

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See Editorial Page

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.A, A-
:43 a t I#

Chance of showers
toward evening

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom






Court Curbs Wallace Actions




^ Judge yesterday directed Alabama
Gov. George Wallace to explain
why he should not be restrained
A from barring pupils from Alabama
schools facing integration.
The order was issued by United
States District Judge Seybourn H.
Lynne on a motion by attorneys
for two Negro boys scheduled to
j attend one of the three Birming-
ham schools ordered desegregated.
On request of Wallace, the Birm-
ingham schools were closed Thurs-
day following violence which left
one Negro dead and 20 persons in-
Disregard Local Authority
Lynne's action came within
hours after state troopers on Wal-
lace's orders blocked white and
Negro pupils from four schools in
Huntsville despite requests by 10-
cal authorities for him to keep
But the judge's order dealt onlyx
with Birmingham schools.
A similar suit affecting Hunts-
ville was filed during the day.
Birmingham Hearing KEPT OUT-S. W. Hereford I
A hearing on the Birmingham S. W. Hereford III, was denied
case was set for next Thursday by elementary school in HuntsvilleI
Lynne who last June clamped an was under federal court order to
injunction on Wallace prohibiting Negro.
physical interference with the en- Ng
try of three Negroes at the Uni-
versity of Alabama. Wallace made who was turned away from a
a doorway stand but yielded to Huntsville school asked another
federalized National Guardsmen. federal judge to enjoin Wallace
Wallace's move in Huntsville from interfering with desegrega-
stirred rising resentment in the tion of the schools there.
North Alabama missile city and Other Legal Action
other parts of Alabama. And it United States District Judge H.
brought more court action. H. Grooms set a hearing for 11
Attorneys for one Negro boy a.m. Monday.
New Violence Breaks Out
As Racial Protests Continue
BIRMINGHAM (P-A group of Negro teen-agers fired two shot-
gun blasts into a grocery store last night killing two 16-year-old Ne-
gro boys in what police called a gang incident.
Police Sgt. J. L. Rhodes said the shootings had no connection
with the racial troubles that have plagued this city. The slayings oc-
curred several miles from the area of previous racial troubles. Re-





-Associated Press
V, shown here with his father,
admission to the Fifth Avenue
Ala by state troopers. The school
o admit the younger Hereford, a

ports of 15 Negro youths firing


otguns sent police moving into
ction swiftly in the fear that
vide disorders had begun.
Two nights ago Negro disorders
esulted in the death of one Ne-
ro and the wounding of 20 oth-
r persons after the bombing of
he home of a Negro attorney, Ar-
hur Shores.
Peaceful demonstrations con-
nued in Boston where some 45
nembers of the NAACP early this
horning left the offices of the
oston School Committee, ending
sit-in demonstration that began
Chursday morning.
As the demonstrators filed out
f the building, Kenneth Guscott,
resident of the Boston branch of
he NAACP, said, "We leave with
o sense of triumph, no victory."
Some 25 police officers stood
uard in the building but made
no move to eject the sit-ins. The
olice occasionally urged the dem-
nstrators to leave but their pleas
were ignored.
The school committee Thursday
ight adopted an order calling for
;he ejection of anyone staying in
he building beyond 30 minutes
fter the committee meeting end-
The deadline passed at midnight
nd theedemonstrators showed no
ign of leaving.
Deputy Police Superintendent
[erbert F. Maloney told newsmen
t 12:30 a.m. (EDT) his men would
daintainorder in the building but
.ould make no move to oust any-

In still another legal develop-
ment, a three-judge federal court r
in Tuscaloosa rejected a requestt
backed by Wallace to delay inte-
gration of the Birmingham schools.I
The suit, filed by six white par-c
ents, asked that the shutdownz
schools remain closed because oft
the possibility of continued viol-t
Plans Telecast1
Wallace, meanwhile, planned a
statewide telecast for tomorrow,
presumably to discuss Alabama's1
racial crisis.
On the governor's orders, armed
troopers enforced closing of the
four Huntsville schools in the
teeth of opposition from school
officials, the city council and re-
sentful parents.
Three of the five members of
the council adopted a resolutions
condemning Wallace's action and
prepared to wire the governor a
request for immediate removal of
the state police.-
Council Order
In a telegram Thursday night,
the council told Wallace to keep1
out of Huntsville's school affairs.+
School officials would not say
whether they would go into court.
Johnson Laud s
Finns' Bravery
And Fortitude
HELSINKI P)--Vice President
Lyndon B. Johnson told Finns last
night Americans respect them for
"courage in the face of adversity."
"Men who have so great a will
to defend their independence are
men we know as brothers in the
great and irresistible cause of
freedom," the Vice President told
a banquet audience honoring him
on his visit to this country lying
under the shadow of the Soviet
Johnson was welcomed by Fin-
nish President Urho Kekkonen,
o n e of the non - Communist
world's leading experts on Kremlin
policies, who said he is convinced
that both President John F. Ken-
nedy and Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev are "firmly commit-
ted" to policies of peace.

Regents Send!
Unity Plans
To Pierpoiitt
To Examine Ties;
For New Center
The Regents have referred the
Robertson Report for a Union-
League merger to Vice-President
for Business and Finance Wilbur
K. Pierpont because of the finan-
cial transactions involved in merg-
ing the service organizations.,
The report attempts to establish,
a more financially efficient gov-
erning body so that a merged
Michigan Union and League, or
University Center, could under-t
take expansion of service facilities.
The most frequently discussed1
new facility is a conference cen-
ter. However, Pierpont said yester-
day that "nothing new has been
brought to my attention on at
conference center. We have had a
need for one for a long time, butj
there have been developments in
the community which raise ques-
tions about the advisability of the1
University building one.I
Cites Commercial Facilities
"One recent development is the
hotel being built downtown, which
will provide sleeping, meeting din-;
ing and cocktail facilities. An-
other is the many new motel in
the area. All the University may
need is a parking structure and
conference rooms, which we have,"
he explained.
However, the Central Campus
Plan includes a conference center,
attached to the Michigan Union
where Sigma Chi and Alpha Delta
Phi fraternities now stand.
The Union presently offers most
campus conference facilities, with
which it realizes profits to coun-
terbalance any deficits incurred
by services. Many universities have
conference centers integrated with
their unionsE.
Other Expansion
Even without expansion, the
transfer of League finances from
Pierpont's office to a University
Center with the Union's existing
financial autonomy could prove
However, League President Gret-
chen Groth, '64, sees these dif-
ficulties overcome. "The Union
and League, as independent co-
operative ventures of students,
faculty and alumni, have enjoyed
financial success enough to justify
continued financial independence
and expansion.
'Increased Success'
"Furthermore, the Robertson
Report, in providing a more ef-
ficient governing board, promises
increased financial success. Most
important, the League, the Union
and the proposed University Cen-
ter are service facilities where fi-
nances must sometimes be sub-
ordinated to services. Therefore
it seems better to entrustmanage-
ment decisions to the students,
faculty and alumni being served
than to an impersonal financial
group," she said.
Alumnae financial interests in
the League also must be consider-

Gov. George C. Wallace appearsE
to be sitting on an increasingly
hot seat today as resentment risest
in Alabama over the shuttered
schools and the issue of "cities'
He is being accused of "armed
invasion," harming the state, and
of having "gone wild."
This criticism comes even fromz
some of his friends.
Crackling CriticismE
It crackles in newspaper editor-;
ials, the statements of public of-
ficials and the expressions from!
angry parents.E
Yesterday, the Montgomery Ad-
vertiser said in an editorial:
"It appears as this goes to press1
that Gov. Wallace has dispatched
state troopers to Mobile and
Huntsville to usurp local power
by force.{
'Gone Wild'
"If this becomes a fact today,<
the Advertiser must sorrowfully1
conclude that, in this instance, its,
friend has gone wild."c
In Huntsville, meanwhile, a,
group of defiant women registered
their feelings about the governor's
action there. About 25 mothers
marched their children through
the cordon of state troopers sur-,
rounding East Clinton Grammar
School and took them into thea
Before that incident, a woman
said to a trooper, "Is this Ameri-
Bar Press
At Meeting
The Board in Control of Inter-
collegiate Athletics last night re-
jected a proposal which would
have permitted a Daily reporter to
attend the monthly meetings of
the board.
Athletic Director H. 0. (Fritz)
Crisler offered two main reasons
for the board's refusal.
First, there is confidential busi-
ness, particularly dealing with
Western Conference affairs "which
can't be made public."
"The second reason is simply
that the board must consider not
only The Daily, but also all other
outlets of communication."
Crisler went on to say that "this
does not mean the doors are
permanently closed. Another pro-
posal would be met with and
treated courteously by the board."
In the first meeting of the
board since June, Crisler disclosed
that the matters discussed were
"primarily organizational."

ca?" And a 12-year-old boy, halt-
ed as he tried to enter Oison Jun-
ior High, said to the trooper, "I
think you and Wallace are mad."
In Face of Federal Might
In Birmingham Thursday, a
woman said, when turned back by
a trooper, "I want my child in
school. Who is protecting my civil
Another newspaper, the Selma
Times-Journal, pointed out in an
editorial that Wallace's experience
at the University of Alabama -
when federalized troops were used
to integrate the institution-show-
ed that his "tactics cannot prevail
in the face of federal might."
The newspaper is a strong sup-
porter of Wallace, but it said:
Costly Maneuver
"The Selma Times-Journal is
fearful that this new maneuver by
Gov. Wallace is likely to prove
costly to him through federal pen-
alties and loss of some of the na-
tional prestige he has built up by
standing for states rights, espe-
cially as the people of Tuskegee
seem resigned to token mixing and
resent interference in their local
affairs by the governor."
That echoed the reactions in
Tuskegee last Wednesday when
Wallace closed the schools there.
"Tuskegee resents this invasion
by armed, helmeted state troopers,
coming in here without knowledge
or consent of local authorities,"
said Allan Parker, a bank presi-
dent and civic leader.
Governor's Invasion
"I feel this is an invasion of
Macon County by the governor,"
said County Solicitor Broward Se-
Before the Birmingham schools
were closed. City Councilman
George Seibels said in a state-
ment, "If George Wallace or any
other governor sends troops in, it
would be a plain usurpation of
rights unless help was asked for,
or there was a clear indication of
riotous behavior that local forces
could not control."
This issue of "cities' rights"
looms large in the situation in Ala-
bama today.
States' Rights
Wallace's actions in sending
troopers to Birmingham, Tuske-
gee, Huntsville and Mobile have
been compared to what many
Southerners consider the invasion
of states rights by the federal gov-
ernment. And states rights are su-
premely important to the south-
erner, something to be cherished
and jealously guarded.
Now, some Alabamians feel that
Wallace has duplicated federal ac-
tions by moving in on local au-

... fallen demagoguej
Ban, Fought,
Richard B. Russell (D-Ga) and
two other members of the Senate
Armed Services Committee an-
nounced yesterday they will vote
against ratification of the treaty
to ban all except underground nu-
clear tests.
Russell told reporters that "after
long and careful study, I find that
I cannot conscientiously support
this treaty."
Earlier, Senators John Stennis
(D-Miss) and Strom Thurmond
(D-SC) declared their opposition
to the pact. They reached their
decisions, they said, on the basis
of closed hearings by the Senate
armed services' preparedness sub-
committee which Stennis heads
and of which Thurmond is a
Opposed by Byrd

... plans mediation

Thus, in Tuskegee, Segrest said
Wallace "talks about letting local
people solve their problems but
then violates these principles."
Local Responsibilities
And a Tuskegee clergyman, the
Rev. R. D. Miller said Wallace's
action "reversed the governor's
consistent stand. so far as local
people fulfilling their responsibili-
ties is concerned."
In Birmingham, city officials,
clergymen and civic leaders work-
ed hard, for months, to prepare
the community for the desegrega-
tion of the schools this week.

Crticism of Wallace Grows

Study Bars
Direct OSA
Plan Under Study
By Finance Office
Vice-President for Student A
fairs James A. Lewis announc
yesterday that he disagrees wi
certain fundamentals of the Ro
ertson Report for a Union-Leag
merger, which the Regents ha
referred to him and Vice-Preside
for Business and Finance Will
K. Pierpont for study.
Lewis wants separate activit
and buildings boards of directo
for any merged Union-League,
University Center, and wants I
Office of Student Affairs repr
sented on the activities board
least in a consulting capacity."
The Robertson Report, submi
ted last spring to the Regents
the Union-League Study Comm
tee, calls for a University Cen
Board of Directors- composed
four faculty, alumni and study
representatives, plus the Vic
President for Business and Final
of his representative.
Excludes OSA

Move To Halt a
school Strike
* a
In New York
t H
NEW YORK (P)-New York a
Mayor Robert F. Wagner named ai n
three-member citizens mediationw
panel yesterday to study the issues o
and make non-binding recommen-
dations for settlement of disagree-
mnents that threaten a strike Mon-I
day of the city's public school -
Representatives of the city board
of education and the United Fed-
eration of Teachers, AFL-CIO, ac-
cepted the mediation plan in the
hope some solution can be sug-
gested to avert crippling the city's
1-million student school system.-i
Wagner made it clear, however, d
that the city had "no intention of,
coming up with any money at thisit
The union leadership, claiming r
to represent 21,000 of the city's a
43,000 teachers, voted overwhelm-
ingly Thursday night to reject the b
contract offer made by the board
of education on the grounds it did
not include an immediate wage s
boost. I
The union leadership vote to 1
strike, followed later yesterday by a]
a vote of the general membership,
defied a State Supreme Court or- cl
der against a walkout on the N
grounds it would be illegal.

Rockefeller Plans Journey
As Indicator of Popularity
ALBANY (M)-New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, adhering
to the ritual for fledgling presidential candidates, sets out today on
a series of trips, apparently to test his popularity in the nation.
The Republican governor has scheduled trips in six statesnext
month, and more are expected to be added. He will be able to put
" his ideas and campaign techniques
before Republican leaders
throughout the nation.
The first swing will take him
and his wife today to a Republi-
Scan rally of the 16th congression-

women's League To Use Speci

Thanks to radar, the Michigan League snack bar has extended
its hours of operation and is offering a greater variety of items,
declared Wilma Steketee, business director of the League.
A self-service radar range newly-installed in the snack bar (in
he League basement) can heat food in a matter .of seconds. The
ange allows a student to purchase foods from vending machines
and heat them himself.
Ten seconds heat a piece of pie; one minute, a beef barbecue or
bowl of chili.
Extended Hours
Due to reduced labor costs, the snack bar can now afford to
tay open during the later "off peak" hours. Hours will extend until
1:30 p.m. on week nights, 12:30 a.m. on Friday and Saturday nights
and from 5 to 8 p.m. on Sundays.
Last year the snack bar was never open past 11:30 p.m. and was
losed all day Sunday. The regular cafeteria section of the snack
bar will still maintain hours on weekdays from 7:15 a.m. to 4:15 p.m.
The refrigerated vending machines are now offering a greater

The general assumption here is
that Rockefeller will make his
candidacy official late this year or
early next year and couple it with
an announcementihe will enter
the New Hampshire presidential
preference primary next March 10.
But, for the moment, the gov-
ernor is standing by the political
tradition tat a candidate for a
given office does not declare him-
self any sooner than he has to.
Rockefeller has manifested his
concern with issues beyond the
borders of histhome staterecently
by following traditional procedure
-a series of statements highly
critical of the national adminis-
tration in office.
The governor has placed par-
ticular emphasis on what he has
described as failures of the Ken-

Still another member of the,
Armed Services Committee, Sen.
Robert C. Byrd (D-W Va) told a
reporter he is inclined to oppose
ratification. He said:
"Unless I am presented evidence
between now and the time we vote
that allays my fears, I shall vote
against ratification."
Sen. Harry F. Byrd (D-Va) an-'
other member, said he has not
made up his mind on how he will
vote. But Byrd indicated he is
leaning toward opposing it.
Not Surprising
These defections were not sur-
prising to administration leaders
who said they had been expecting
opposition from within the armed
services group from the beginning.
They said they still are confident
the opponents will be unable to
rally more than 20 votes.
Earlier, Sen. Gordon Allott (R-
Colo) had issued a statement say-
ing he will "vote reluctantly" for
the treaty "unless facts which ap-
pear subsequently will supply the
weight of evidence which places
this clearly in the character of
being contrary to our national
safety." Allott is not a member of
the armed services group.
Formal debate on the pact is
scheduled to begin Monday, with
a vote not expected for at least a
week. A two-thirds majority of
senators voting is required for
Fear for Security
Stennis was the first senator to
announce firmly in the Senate

According to the Robertson Re-
port, the student representatives
would be the executive officers of
the activities group, which would
be responsible to the Center Board
for funds but under no other ,out-
side control. The OSA is specifical-
ly excluded from both the Center
Board and the activities group.
Thus the Robertson Report calls
for student participation in man-
agement, which the separate
boards Lewis proposes, would ex-
clude, as well as an independent
activities group.
"If we are to have one board
that covers the activity phases, we
think we have to be in some sort
of an advising position," Lewis
said. This would not necessarily
mean a program director such as
the League presently has, and
would "definitely not mean anyone
with a veto over activities."
Relation of Boards
As for the relationship of the
activities to the buildings boards,
Lewis feels "wherever activities
would be housed, they would have
some responsibility to the man-
agement of the building. They
might even be housed in SAB or
a new building."
He believes management of
physical facilities is the concern
of Pierpont, who declined to com-
ment on the merger until he has
completed studying the Robertson
"We are trying awfully hard to
separate the physical plants from
the activities board. From the
viewpoint of the OSA this will be
a merger of Union and League ac-
tivities," Lewis explained.
Implementation Group
"We hope to get an implemen-
tation committee appointed im-
mediately," Lewis continued. "I
see some real possibilities for an
all-campus calendaring process
"If there has been any rumor
that the OSA wants to bring into
any central organization the man-
agement and administration of all
student groups, I've never heard
of this. All we want is an all-
campus calendaring group," he
Union President Raymond Rus-
nak, '64, said, "As far as I'm con-
cerned the Union Board will ap-
point its implementation commit-
tee at this month's meeting.
Strength in Autonomy
"The strength of the Union lies
in its freedom to act on its own.
If any groups other than the
Union and League want represen-
tation in the University Center,
this must be done only through
representation on the Center
Board. I see no need for a pro-
gram director or anyone else from
the OSA in the activities group."
Associate Dean James H. Rob-
ertson of the literary college,
chairman of the study committee,
insisted, "I will stand with the
recommendations of the report.
It is clear that there are real
strengths in the Union's auton-

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