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January 08, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-01-08

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'WOMEN'S, ROLES
AND RULES'
See Editorial Page

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom

:43 a ity

CLOUDY
High-34
Low-.-30
Little change in temperature,
light snow or drizzle tomorrow

-I

VOL. LXXIII, No. 83 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1963 SEVEN CENTS

EIGHT PAGES

DEPENDS ON 'CHANGES':
Meredith May Leave School
7 ,

OXFORD (P)-Negro James,H.
Meredith said yesterday he would
withdraw from the University of
Mississippi at the end of the pres-
ent semester unless "very definite
and positive changes are made" in
his situation.
He didn't say what changes he
had in mind, but he told newsmen
in a statement at his dormitory
Walker Case
Goes to Jury
OXFORD (A)-The cases of
eleven men - including former
Army Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker
- may go before a federal grand
Jury today in connection with the
riots at the University of Missis-
sippi.
Walker and at least 10 others
were arrested within a week after
the Sept. 30 desegregation riot
which killed two men and wounded
scores.
Charges include interference
with federal officers in perform-
ance of their duties, conspiracy to
impede officers, rebellion and in-
surrection and conspiracy to op-
pose the authority of the United
States.
Declared Sane

that he felt he had to have a "sit-
uation more conducive to learn-
ing."
Almost from the date of his en-
rollment Oct. 1-the first Negro
ever knowingly accepted as a stu-
dent in the university-rumors
have persisted he was in academic
trouble.
Unfulfilled Responsibilities
In Washington, Atty. Gen. Rob-
ert F. Kennedy said some univer-
sity officials "have not met their
responsibilities" and called on
them to "take appropriate steps
now" to make it possible for Mere-
dith to continue his education.
"I would hope that in making a
final decision on this, Mr. Mere-
dith will consider that he chose
to go to the University of Missis-
sippi and the energies and hopes
of many of his fellow citizens have
been involved in his admission and
continued attendance.
"Should Mr. Meredith feel oblig-
ed to leave the university because
of extreme racial intolerance
which has focused hostility on him.
it would be a-reflection on the
University of Mississippi and the
state of Mississippi.
Reflection on America
"That this could occur any-
where in the United States is a
reflection on all of us," Kennedy
said.
University of Mississippi Chan-

Walker was held in lieu of cellor F. D. Williams said yester-
$100,000 bond and sent to a day the university had complied
Springfield, Mo. federal prison with all federal court orders and
hospital, but later released on Justice Department requests since
$50,000 bond. He underwent a its desegregation crisis last fall.
psychiatric examination and, later In regard to Kennedy's state-
in court, was declared mentally ment, Williams said the adminis-
competent to stand trial. tration and faculty had done "all
If indicted by the grand jury that was reasonable and proper to
and convicted, Walker could be insure the best possible education
sentenced to up to 80 years in for all students at the university."
jail and fined $20,000. Withdrawal of Troops
To Defend Walker "On Thursday and Friday of
A Houston, Texas Attorney,. last week, university officials con-
Percy Foreman, has announced he ferred at length with the official
would defend Walker if he is tried. representing the Justice Depart-
Those arrested and charged ment at the university. No com-
other than Walker and Bruce were plaint, suggestion or criticism of
Robert 'Blackard, Memphis; Wil- university policy or procedures was
liam Gilbert Marr, Olive Branch, made by this official. Indeed, the
Miss; Philip Lloyd Myles, Prich- main purpose of the conference
ard, Ala.; Richard Hayes Hinton, held only three days ago was to
Lucedale, Miss.; K. Lamos May, consider the possibility of with-
Prichard, Ala.; Frank Lamar Ott, drawal of troops within the very
Kentwood, La.; Joseph Cutrer, near future," he explained.
Kentwood, La.; and Edward Louis In his statement, Meredith said:
Shade, Atlayum, Miss. "It should be noted that I have
MRUSN SA A Couneil
To Review Speaker Policy.
By ANDREW ORLIN
A resolution urging the Michigan Coordinating Council for High-
er Education to reconsider its recent speaker policy decision was
passed Sunday by the Michigan Region of the United States National
Student Association.

JAMES A. MEREDITH
... considers withdrawal
not made a decision to discontinue
my effort to receive educational
training at the university.
Present Circumstances
"Rather, my decision is not to
attend the university next semes-
ter under the present circum-
stances.
"When I combined the political
and educational reality with my
personal possibilities and prob-
abilities, the results lead me to the
foregoing decision."
He said he planned to stay in
the university at least through the
end of final examinations. The fin-
al exams begin Jan. 18 and end
Jan. 22. Registration for the spring
semester is Jan. 31 to Feb. 2.
See Goulart
Making Bid
For Power
RIO DE JANEIRO EM)-Presi-
dent Joao Goulart headed for a
decisive victory yesterday in his
bid for full executive powers with
which to battle the ills plaguing
his country,
Early unofficial results from
Sunday's plebiscite to determine
the future form of government
were running better than six to
one in favor of restoring to old
strong type of presidency.
This would replace the parlia-
mentary system, under which Gou-
lart received sharply reduced pow-
ers 16 months ago in a compro-
mise solution to a serious govern-
mental crisis caused by the resig-
nation of President Janio Quadros.
Official results were expected
by Thursday, but preliminary un-
official samplings in the nation's
largest cities showed the pro-pres-
idential ballots far ahead. Absten-
tions were reported running close
to the pre-plebiscite forecast of 40
per cent. A total vote of approxi-
mately 11 million-out of about
18 millions eligible-was antici-
pated.
The parliamentary system re-
'suilted in a weak presidency, an in-
decisive cabinet and a vacciliating
Congress that added up to govern-
ment inaction. Inflation soared
more than 50 per cent. Brazil's
credit resources were so strained,
a money-seeking mission returned
empty-handed from Europe last
September.
Goulart has claimed only a
strong presidency is capable of
carrying out the reforms required
to combat the national problems.

New Delhi
Considers
Proposals
NEW DELHI (1) - India yes-
terday was reported considering
acceptance of the Colombo pro-
posals for a truce with Red China.
While official sources indicated
a shift in India's thinking, a ship-
load of American arms was being
unloaded at Bombay. At the same
time, the chairman of the United
States Senate Armed Services
Committee announced in Wash-
ington his opposition to furnish-
ing India any modern American
weapons.
Official Indian sources said the
truce proposals drafted by six non-
aligned African-Asian nations at
Colombo apparently were unac-
ceptable to China.
Afro-Asian World
The officials reasoned that
China, had it found the terms fa-
vorable, would have made an an-
nouncement last week in a fan-
fare of publicity for the benefit
of the African-Asian world.
However, a communique broad-
cast from Peking yesterday said
Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai and
Colombo representatives who con-
ferred in Peking last week had
agreed on terms they believe
would help settle the India-China
border dispute.
Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike,
prime minister of Ceylon, who led
the delegation to Peking, is due
here Thursday for similar talks
with Indian officials.
The Peking communique said
details of the proposals would be
kept secret until Mrs. Bandar-
anaike talked with Indian Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Initially, India had been in-
clined to reject the help of the
six nonaligned nations in settling
its dispute with China.
The arrival of a shipload of
American arms Friday was con-
firmed belatedly by the govern-
ment. Censorship had held up the
announcement.
Misunderstanding of Orders
A government information of-
ficer, M. L. Bhardwaj, blamed a
misunderstanding of orders by a
local official in Bombay for the
weekend blackout on this first
seaborne shipment of United
States arms to help India gird
against any new Chinese attack.
In Washington, Sen. Richard B.
Russell (D-Ga.) chairman of the
Senate Armed Services Commit-
tee, said in an interview:
"The Indians put on a disgrace-
ful exhibition in permitting them-
selves to be driven out of what
should have been impregnable po-
sitions in the border mountains.
They seem incapable of fighting
and if we supply them with wea-
pons they will just fall into the
hands of the Communists."
U.S. To Scrap
Texas Towers
WASHINGTON (P)-The Air
Force announced yesterday it will
abandon its remaining two Texas
tower radar stations, both located
off the Massachusetts coast. It
said the sand and rock under
them are wearing away.
Tower II, about 100 miles east
of Cape Cod, will be abandoned
immediately.
Tower III, about 60 miles south-
east of Cape Cod, will be placed
on a standby basis until the end
of February, when it will be de-
commissioned.

Central
Takes

Over

Congolese

CEEB:

Study Finds Exams Lacki

NEW YORK-College entrance
examination scores are not always
an accurate measure of a student's
ability to do good work in college,
according to a report published
recently by Columbia University.
A study of 72 students admitted
to the college in 1961 with below-
average scores on verbal aptitude
tests found that 69 had passed the
two required freshman courses
most demanding in the ability to
understand and express ideas in
words, Henry S. Coleman, director
of college admissions, said. In ad-
dition, 22 per cent of these stu-
dents ranked in the top half of
their class in all subjects.
"We may infer from these early
statistics that although low verbal
scores are a fairly reliable predic-
tor of academic success in the
freshman year they do not ac-
curately measure the well-motivat-
ed student's ability to survive, and
in some cases to prosper, in a rig-
orous academic program," Cole-
man said.
An examination of 25 students

admitted in 1961 who were dis-
missed, suspended or allowed to
withdraw for academic reasons in-
dicated that slightly weak prepara-
tion was less often the cause than
lack of motivation and various
psychological problems, he added.
These observations were con-
tained in a report from Coleman
to about 5,000 secondary school
headmasters, principals and coun-
selors throughout the nation.
Coleman said that the results
of the College Board examinations
were rarely the determining factor
in deciding whether a candidate
would be admitted to Columbia.
Coleman stressed the usefulness of
national testing programs for col-
lege entrance, but he deplored "any
undue emphasis upon, or misuse of,
the results."
Ve'rbal Skills
Coleman explained that Colum-
bia had admitted the 72 students,
whose mastery of verbal skills had
apparently been hampered by
background, environment, poor
schooling or foreign education, in

Nigh, EdrundsonS et
As Governor, Senator
OKLAHOMA CITY OP) - George Nigh was sworn in yesterday for
an eight-day term as Governor of Oklahoma.
The man he succeeds, J. Howard Edmonson, made it known he
wants to stay in the United 'States Senate, where he succeeds the
late Robert S. Kerr, (D-Okla.).
Edmonson resigned Sunday as chief executive to fill the vacancy
created by Kerr's death New Year's Day. Nigh, Lieutenant Governor,
became governor.
Nigh will hold the state's highest office for the shortest term
in Oklahoma history, until Jan. 14, when he steps down in favor of

in

Force

The resolution commended
of a non pre-censorship policy
City Council
Elects Kraker
To Position.
At the City Council meeting las
night, the council unanimousl
approved Mayor Cecil 0. Creal
nomination of Mrs. Norma 1
Kraker to the Human Relation
Commission.
Mrs. Kraker succeeds Vice-Pres
ident for Student Affairs James A
Lewis on the commission.
In other action, the council ap
proved a resolution eliminating 1
hour parking in favor of a two
hour limit at the city's lot o
South Forest St. The move we
aimed at increasing shopper u
of the lot.
The council also tabled a mov
by Democratic councilman Lyn
W. Eley to set up a citizen's com
mittee to study the administrativ
procedures of city regulatory agen
ties.
More successful, however, we
Republican Wendell Hulcher's mc
tion asking City Administrato
Guy Larcom to report on a specif
ic plan of impounding water up
stream on the Huron River whic
would assure the city's water need
for the next 50 years. The motio
carried, 9 to 2.
Gaitskell Hit

the Coordinating Council's decision
but noted that it did not go far
- enough. The resolution stated in
part, "MRUSNSA believes that no
ideas except those which a par-
ticular conjunction of circum-
stances makes likely to result in
immediate and substantive vio-
lence should be curtailed."
On Nov. 27, 1962, the Coordin-
ating Council proposed a uniform
speaker policy for the state's pub-
st lic universities and colleges.
ly Policy Statement
's The policy states that a speak-
[. er must not advocate action which
s is prohibited by the rules of the
-_ See Related Stories, Page 2
institution or which is illegal un-
der federal or Michigan law.
- The responsibility for the ad-
2 herence of these rules is placed
- upon the sponsoring student or-
n ganization. While the policy af-
~5' fects all student organizations, it
e does not apply to other sections
of the academic community.
e The resolution carries a man-
n date to establish a regional Aca-
- demic Freedom Committee which
ve would investigate complaints of
- "undue restraints on freedom of
speech at member schools."

Delta Students
Meet Romney
On 'U' Merger
LANSING - A half dozen Delta
College students met recently with
Governor George Romney to dis-
cuss affiliation of their commun-
ity college with the University.
The students are members of
the newly-formed Students for
University of Michigan Affiliation
Committee, organized to seek en-
largement of'the school as a Uni-
versity campus, rather than under
the "piggy-back" plan recom-
mended by a legislative study com-
mittee.
Charles Orlebeke, administra-
tive assistant to Romney, said the
students expressed concern about
the committee recommendations
and a fear that implementations
would come before negotiations
with the University could be com-
pleted.
The "piggy-back" plan would
create a separate third and fourth
year school atop the existing com-
munity college. The Delta College
Board of Trustees has expressed,
however, a desire to become a
University campus.

IHenry Bellmon, the first Repub-
lican ever elected governor of
Oklahoma.
Will Seek Election
Edmonson will serve two years
of Kerr's third Senate term. "It is
certainly my intention to seek
election in 1966," Edmondson said.
The Senator's son, Robert S.
Kerr Jr., has announced he will
try for the other two years of his
father's term in the 1964 general
elections.
Thereshave been reports former
Gov. Raymond Gary also may en-
ter the race for Democratic nom-
ination to the Senate.
Fulfill Expectations
Edmondson said, "I hope and
pray that I can fulfill expectations
of the many who urged me to take
the (Senate) seat."
As for young Kerr's announced
intentions to seek his father's
Senate seat, Edmondson added: "A
let of things can happen before
filing time in 1964. He might
change his mind, I don't know."
"First of all I want to say that
although anyone would be happy
to go to the United States Senate,
I certainly don't go with any sense
of exhileration," Edmondson told
newsmen.
"On the contrary, I think I am
as much aware of the void left by
Sen. Kerr's death as anyone in
Oklahoma."

the belief that "a c
tends to be among
field must be prep
ment."
All had scored b
verbal section of
Aptitude Test. "Bu
we had other reli
of outstanding pro
tial," he added.
These indication
from high school
recommendations f
teachers and guida
and extracurricular
Copyright 1962, The
Repori
Czech
VIENNA (AP)-Co
oslovakia announc
major government
dently designed to
tion's sagging econ
Radio Prague
President Antonin
ernment dropped
shuffled several o
new deputy premi
commission of eco
tion.
The changes fol
New Year's Day
rated the past ye
worst in our recen
week the governme
tic reductions in t
tricity to conserve
Out of the go
heavy industry min
majer. He was re
Pesl.
The new deput
fifth in the gover
tisek Krajcir, form
minister. His succe
eign trade minist
Honouz.
BaKer N
Fantasti
Story, A
By DEBORAH
The color of con
silk punctuated
music keynote dir
ker's description
Broadway musical
sticks."
Baker spent ye
Arbor studying ad
maybe necessary i
production at Tru
explained that ti
would be minor b
sical is very flex
moved, making it
fitted for exchang
Commenting on
appeal of the prod
the purely theatric
musical and the
Fantasticks" is ea
Simple
The plot of the
is a simple story
girl falling in love
ing because it is s5
everyone has expi
all, the intent o:
sticks" is to entert
It is important
tasticks" not to do
to maintain a sens
Baker pointed out
when a new actor
play, he is not a r
a new character."
acter makes the o
Baker explained.
"Coming to Anm
the production a
because the chan
it," he added.
The Open
Baker is an e
open stage becau
dependency 'onsc
production is hon

pens happens. Th(
involved. The pe
out and remind th
it is there."
He directed Arth
Crucible" in a
Broadway product
the difference be
duction and those

Katanga
UAN Soldiers
ng Seize Town
ollege that pre- Of Kaniama
leaders in its
cared to experi-
Continue Stockpiling
elow 550 on the W A
the Scholastic eapons for Assault
t in every case Near Rhodesian Line
able indications
mise and poten- LEOPOLDVILLE () - The
United Nations' military takeover
s were derived of Katanga rolled on yesterday
class standing, and the Congo central government
rom principals, set up civil control over the seces-
nce counselors, sionist province.
activities. It was the first time Katanga
New York Times President Moise Tshombe has been
superseded politically in the capi-
tal of his mineral-rich domain.
tNewSwedish UN troops seized the
railroad town of Kaniama, 360
L m iles northwest of Elisabethville
and neutralized its airfield with-
out a fight, the UN announced.
The action tightened the UN grip
mmunist Czech- on North Katanga and further
ed yesterday a boxed up Tshombe's battered
revamping evi- forces at Kolwezi, his emergency
o spur the. na- headquarters, 150 miles northwest
fomy. of Elisabethville.
reported that Tactical Supplies
Novotny's gov- United States Air Force Globe-.
one minister, masters flew in tactical supplies
thers, added a as the UN continued its military
er and set up a buildup for a possible strike at
)nomic produc- Kolwezi and a push southeastward
along the border of Northert Rho-
owed Novotny's desia.
statement that Moving in behind the UN take-
arsy "oe Last over, the Leopoldville government
it ory." Last named an administrative boss to
nt rdreddrs-Katanga to secure economic and
he use of elec- political victories for the central
power. C o n g o 1 e s e government. There
vernment went seemed little choice for Tshombe
ister Josef Reit- but to accept defeat and console
placed by Josef himself with a measure of power
as a provincial leader or to fight
y premier, the a guerrilla war that few believe
nment, is Fran- he could win.
er foreign trade Diplomatic informants told De-
.ssor in the for- nis Neeld, an Associated Press cor-
ry is Frantisek respondent in Elisabethville, the
Katanga capital, that the UN
probably will presnt Tshombe an
Tewsultimatum demanding that he sur-
news render Kolwezi without a fight.
. + Provincial Presidency
icks If he agrees, the informants
said, Tshombe's chances of re-
maining provincial president of
South Katanga in a reunified Con-
go are good. If he refuses, UN
[BEATTIE forces, will attack Kolwezi, they
fetti and bright said, and Tshombe would be dead
with intricate politically.
withr Woricate UN officials have indicated that
ector Word Ba- they will not negotiate with
of the off- Tshombe even if he returns to
, "The Fanta- Elisabethville. And the UN warned
inAnn Tshombe against making any in-
sterday m Annhflammatory statenrents should he
iustments which return to the Katanga capital.
mpre Aud. He In a statement issued at UN
he adjustments headquarters in New York by a.
hecause the mu- spokesman for Secretary-General
ible and easily U Thant, the UN denounced as
particularly well reckless and irresponsible Tshom-
ry be's statements. threatening a
the universal scorched earth policy.
uction he cited Prevent Violence
ual nature of the The UN said it will exert every
fact that "The effort to prevent application of
sy to do. such a policy by Tshombe or any-
Story: one else, and added:, "It must be
musical, which assumed that it is understood by
of a boy and everyone concerned, including Mr.
is aso andTshombe, that the UN force in the
,is aso appahic- Congo will not permit any Ka-
rietn hAbove tangese officials who return to
if "The Fanta- Elisabethville to advocate destruc-
Mtion of that kind."

GOOD WILL, RELIGIOUS AIMS:
Kelly, Clink Explain Aim of John Birch Society

Election of Officers
Other action taken at the plen-
ary meeting consisted of election
of regional officers. The follow-
ing candidates were elected to of-
fices: Howard Abrams, '63, chair-
man; Michael Kass, '63, educa-
tional affairs vice-chairman; Joel
Sharkey of Wayne State Univer-
sity, student organizational af-
fairs vice-chairman; D o u g 1 a s
Blagdon of Kalamazoo College, in-
ternational affairs vice-chairman;
and Robert Ross, '63, national ex-
ecutive committee representative.
In additional legislative busi-
ness, the MRUSNSA passed a res-
olution favoring the concept of
student-faculty policy making

By ELLEN SILVERMAN
Patriotist and anti-Communist
feelings are not enough; a John
Birch Society member has good
will, good conscience and religious
ideals, Robert Welch, founder of
the John Birch Society, reveals in
a film intended to explain the so-
ciety.
Birchers need these character-
istics to pursue the purposes Welch
defines as restoring "with deeper
conviction" the ennobling aspira-
tions of Western civilization or, in
short, "less government, more re-
sponsibility and a better world."
Two members of the Birch so-
ciety, Edward Kelly, state coordi-
nator, and Allan Clink spoke to a
group of students on the Birch So-
ciety aims and views at a meeting
at The Daily last night following
a presentation of the movie.
Secret Membership Lists

purpose of protecting members
from derision in American society.
The Birchers' Bluebook was de-
scribed by Welch as an "outline
of the threats against the nature
of the nation and an evaluation of
these threats." It also presents a
"positive philosophy and program
for Americans to rally around" and
aid in the defeat of the Commu-
nist conspiracy.
The Birch Society wants public
acts put into effect so that the in-
dividual is an important part of
the decision making process, Clink
noted. He added that the society
feels that the present political
processes are "charades" since
there is no effective difference be-
tween the two parties.
Outside Parliamentarianism
"Communists have of their own
volition taken themselves outside

was a definite relationship be-
tween socialism and Communism.
Clink defined Communism as rad-
ical socialism and socialism as an
attempt to get a primitive econo-
my through democratic processes.
Marx, Engels
The basic "doctrinaire fathers"
of both socialism and Communism
are Marx and Engels, Clink charg-
ed. The only difference is that
Communism stresses class warfare.
Regarding the United Nations,
Clink noted that the United States
strategists and planners do not
believe that Communists are Com-
munists and "look at them as very
clever Russian nationalist expan-
sionists."
On the basis of the experience
this nation has had in the. past
decades in dealing with rising na-
tionalistic powers, plans have been

in "The Fan-
o too much and
e of improvision,
. Consequently,
comes into the
eplacement but
'The new char-
thers wake up,"
n Arbor will do
world of good
ge will freshen
n Stage
xponent of the
ise "it reduces
cenery and the
est. What hap-
ere is no trick
rformers reach
e audience that
ur Miller's "The
successful off-
Lion. Discussing
tween his pro-
on Broadway,

UN Undersecretary R a lp h
Bunche inspected UN Irish troops
at Kipushi, on the Northern Rho-
desian border, and said the UN
intends to exercise what he called
its right to freedom of -movement
in the direction of Kolwezi and
other key Katanga centers "when
an opportune moment arrives."
Voice Group
*P
Sends, Wires,
Against HUAC
Nanci Hollander, '65, chairman
of Voice Political Party's civil
liberties committee has announced
that the committee collected $52.50
yesterday for the sending of tele-
grams to congressmen asking the
abolition of the House Committee
on Un-American Activities.

By Infection
LONDON QP)-Labor Party lead-
er Hugh Gaitskell passed a restless
day and was running a fever, a

ALLAN CLINK
... member's characteristics

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