TH MICHIG.'aAN£ D ifA T.SSJS
PAGEaEIGH THE MariallilnAf ww
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1961
Cites Power Struggles
Of American Education
r ., -
Authority and power struggles
in the American educational sys-
tem are responsible for a high
rate of teacher turnover, Prof.
Gale E. Jensen of the education
school said in a recent edition.ofL
the school's bulletin.
"Pwower struggles develop mostly
in connection with an organiza-
tion's decision-making," he added.
Prof. Jensen cited six sets of
conditions in which these strug-
gles develop. He also considered
the resultant behavior of teachers
ecposed to the struggles.
'When only a few persons know
how any decision is made it tends
A'PPLETON (IP) - Lawrence
Colle'ge has shifted from its tra-
ditionlal two semesters a year to
the trimes ter plan.
Studyints will take three con-
centrateA courses per term in-
stead of the usual five. The com-
mittee wiich approved the new
system lis ted more independent
study, flexible scheduling and
better-patt rned extra-curricular
activities as some of the trimester's
to make them suspicious and un-
communicative," he explained in
the first set of conditions.
Bad decisions about goals are
a second cause of power struggles,
he said. "A great deal of personnel
energy is given to criticizing de-
cisions that have been made and
to expressing concern for the wel-
fare of the organization."'
Prof. Jensen cites personal pa-
tronage and the intervention of
influential persons outside the ed-
ucational process as another cause
of power struggles.
A fourth set of conditions cen-
ters on different values concern-
ing educational goals. "The strug-
gles here usually take the form of
scuffles between teachers and ad-
ministrators of the humanities,
the arts, the sciences, and the
practical arts," he explained.
"Candidates for administrative
posts are chosen for their values
and attitudes more than for their
actual competence in performing
the job well," Prof. Jensen felt.
Power struggles are also creat-
ed when some outside force holds
a "police power" over the orga-
nization. "The newcomers appear
to be meddlers and bureaucratic
"The educational system has a
tendency to employ personnel who
are unable to contribute to in-
structional work but are skillful
at 'keeping the enemy at bay',"
Prof. Jensen explains.
Finally, Prof. Jensen cited "the
failure of personnel in authority
roles to make the decisions needed
by the educational system."
By MICHAEL ZWEIG
Four representatives of the Uni-
versity'5 Interfraternity Council
joined some 1500 other fraternity
members and alumni from around
the country at the 54th National
Interfraternity Conference held in
Pittsburgh Nov. 29-Dec. 1.
"The major area of discussion
at the conference was the pos-
sibility and necessity for fraterni-
ties to function as an academic
complement to university life,"
administrative vice-president of
IFC, Fred Riecher, '63, said after
returning from the conference.
According to Riecker, a definite
proposal for action by fraternities
was made by Andrew Truxal, pres-
ident of Anne Arundel Community
Truxal suggested that fraterni-
ties establish certain academic fa-
cilities such as a library contain-
ing standard reference material,
and discussion rooms where aca-
demic people might be invited to
speak, Riecher said.
NIC also discussed the fraternity
as a social outlet in universities
which pay little attention to social
matters, Riecher added.
Although NIC passes no resolu-
tions or formal motions, it acts
as an advisory body for fraternity
policy and disscusses the goals
and problems of fraternities, ac-
cording to an official NIC publi-
Other IFC members at the con-
ference were president, John Mey-
erholz, '63, executive vice-presi-
dent, David Croysdale, '63, and
secretary, James Denbo, '63.
By ROBERT SELWA
Labor union leaders from the
United States, Bolivia and Indo-
nesia discussed "The Emerging
Nations" with Samuel Hayes, Saul
Padover and Prof. Vera Micheles
Dean recently at the conference
on "Our Changing World."
Mrs. Dean, contributor to the
controversial Liberal Project and
professor of international develop-
ment at New York University, ex-
plored the inability of the United
States and the emerging nations
to understand each other.
Padover, author of over 20 books
and a political scientist at the
New School for Social Science,
noted how new and widely desired
Hayes, former professor of eco-
nomics at the University and now
president of the Foreign Policy
Association, cited statistics to il-
lustrate the widening gap be-
tween the rich nations and the
The United States was born an
adult, Mrs. Dean pointed out. Un-
like the countries of Europe, Afri-
ca and Asia, the United States
had no dark ages. "We inherited
all the fruits of all the revolutions
of the past," she explained.
The emerging nations are now
going through these revolutions,
she continued, and it is a shat-
tering experience. "There is a rap-
id telescoping of many revolutions
into one revolution of change. The
developing nations have the bends
physically, mentally, socially, in
adjusting to these immense chang-
"The whole universe is chang-
ing around you when you live in
the non-Western countries," said
Mrs. Dean, author of "The Na-
ture of the Non-Western World."
The United States is not well
'OUR CHANGING WORLD':
Discuss 'Emerging Nations'
equipped to understand the prob-
lems of the emerging nations be-
cause of a different starting point,
she explained. "Our best contri-
bution would be to send techni-
cians to the non-Western coun-
tries to work with them in devel-
Padover described this age as
the age of the democratic revolu-
tion. Democracy was unpopular as
an idea until Walt Whitman pop-
ularized it; the founding fathers
did not use the word democracy,
Woodrow Wilson popularized
democracy for the rest of the
world, showing people its nobility,
greatness and opportunities, Pad-
over said. "Wilson's ideas began
to change the world. The new
leaders of the world began to seek
the democratic ideal. Even the
Communists have taken up the
Padover stressed that democra-
cy is a political system and is not
tied by necessity to any economic
system such as capitalism or so-
cialism. He described the three
basic elements of democracy as
freedom, equality and justice.
"Democracy is not utopia-it is
simply a political arrangement for
a humane way of living, and the
most stable and most legitimate
way," he said.
"Let's not be impatient if the
Asians are slow in achieving de-
mocracy-it is still far from per-
fect in the United States even
though we have been at it much
Hayes said the rich nations are
getting richer more quickly and
growing in population more slowly
than the poor nations. "The gap
is widening between the more in-
dustrialized and the less indus-
trialized countries," he said.
Describing this as a stark situ-
ation, he noted that ntot only are
populations growing more rapid-
ly but also they are crowding into
The three spoke on the second
day of the two-day conference.
The sessions also heard six-time
Socialist Party candidate for pres-
ident Norman Thomas and Prof.
Kenneth Boulding of the eco-
NEW YORK - Foundation, a
magazine of conservative thought
produced by students at Columbia
University and Barnard College,
has just come out with its first is-
Its goal is "to articulate the
conservative position on American
Airplane luggage Hi Fi portable stereo
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You will not believe that this quality of sound
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OUT PERFORMS CONSOLES
This and other KLH products now on demonstration
at Ann Arbor's authorized KLH distributor.
1 block from the Campus Theatre
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Delicious Hamburgers 15c
Hot Tasty French Fries 12c
Triple Thick Shakes.. 20c
1209 South U.
2000 W. Stadium Blvd.
(Continued from Page 5)
For further information, please call
General Div., Bureau of Appts., 3200
SAB, Ext. 3544.
Detroit Civil Service Commission will
be interviewing at Summer Placement
all day Wed., Dec. 12 from 9:00 a.m.
to 5:00 p.m. Our office has application
The Boeing Co. wants juniors & grad
students, in AE & Astro., Applied
Mech's., Civil (structures), Electrical,
Engrg. Math, Engrg. Mech5s., Engrg.
Physics, Indust., Instrumentation, Mech.
& Nuclear Engrg. Apply in Rm. 128-H
West Engrg. They will be interviewing
on campus March 11-14.
Beginning the week of Dec. 11 the fol-
lowing schools will be at the Bureau to
Chess Club, Presents Geoffrey Martin
taking on all comers, bring a chess set
and board, Dec. 12, 7:30 p.m., Union,
Rms. 3K-L-M-N. Spectators welcome.
* * *
Deutscher Verein, Weihnachtsfeier
(Xmas Party)-entertainment, carol
singing, refreshments, Dec. 11, 8 p.m.,
* * *
Joint Judiciary Council, Petitioningt
for Membership-Dec. 12 through Dec.
21. Petitions are due by 5 p.m., Dec. 21.
Forms available, 1011 SAB.'
Ulir Ski Club, Meeting-Ski Trip
Plans, Dec. 11, 7:30 p.m., Union.
Wesleyan Guild, Student Cabinet
Luncheon, Dec. 12, 12 Noon, Pine Room;
Holy Communion & Breakfast (Pine
Room), Dec. 12, 7 a.m., Chapel.
French & Spanish Club, Xmas Party,
Dec. 12, 8 p.m., League, Mich. Rm. En-
* * *
Congregational Disciples E & R Stud.
Guild, Cost Luncheon Discussion: Wil-
lard Johnson, National Dir., Unitarian
Service Cbmmittee, Dec. 11, Noon, 802
TUES., DEC. 11-
Birmingham, Mich.-5th Grade, Elem
Read. Couns.; Jr. HS Math, Engl., Guid/
Couns., voc. Mus.; HS Math, Engl., visit
Royal Oak, Mich.-Elem.; French;
Bus. Ed.; Speech Corr.; Ment. Retd.
WED., DEC. 12-
Walled Lake, Mich.-Elem. Libr.; Jr
HS Engl.; HS Math (Geom/Algeb.)
Wayne, Mich.-Early Elem.; Art; HE
Voc .Mus., Bus. Ed.
THURS., DEC. 13-
Mt. Morris, Mich.-Jr. HS Math.
FRI., DEC. 14-
Milford, Mich.-Fields not yet an-
Mt. Clemens, Mich. (L'Anse Creuse
Sch.)-E. Elem.; 7th Grade Math; Jr.
HS Home Ec.
Beginning the week of Dec. 17 the fol-
lowing schools will be at the Bureau to
MON., DEC. 17-
Inkster, Mich. (Cherry Hill Sch.) -
Elem.; HS Biol.; Ment. Retd.
For additional information and ap-
pointments contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3200 SAB, 663-1511, Ext.
The following part-time jobs are
available. Applications for these jobs
can be made in the Part-time Place-
ment Office, 2200 Student Activities
Bldg., during the following hours: Mon.
thru Fri. 8 a.m. til 12 noon and 1:30
til 5 p.m.
Employers desirous of hiring students
for part-time or full-time temporary
work, should contact Bob Hodges, Part-
time Interviewer at NO 3-1511, Ext. 3553.
Students desiring miscellaneous odd
jobs should consult the bulletin board
in Rm. 2200, daily.
1-Senior or Grad ME or EE with
knowledge of analog computers.
2-Russian Voicers. 10 to 15 hours per
Did you know that
Travelers Checks are
completely safe against
loss and destruction?
That's why most
students buy them
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At Ann Arbor Bank,
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1-Accounting or bookkeeping back-
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1-With secondary education teaching
certificate, proficient in "Arts &
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