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November 30, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-11-30

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Sventy-Third Year
Truth Will Prevail'.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



State Speaker Policy:
Clarity and Uniformity

THE LONG-AWAITED uniform speaker policy
for all state-supported colleges and universi-
ties has been proposed.
There is no longer any excuse for "interim"
rules on outside speakers. Each school must
follow the lead set by the Michigan Coordinat-
ing Council for Public Higher Education Tues-
day and incorporate the suggested policy in
their speaker bylaws.
The University was the vanguard institution
in formation of the newly proposed policy.
Michigan State University and Wayne State
University both adopted temporary speaker pol-
icies with the intent to revise the rules after
the Coordinating Council announced a suggest-
ed state-wide policy. The other seven state-sup-
ported colleges have articulated no definite
speaker policy.
ALTHOUOH the Coordinating Council's policy
is closely patterned after the new Univer-
sity speaker bylaw, the Regents must also take
note of the stylistic clarifications embodied in
the Coordinating Council's report. Much of the
controversy over the University's speaker policy
has arisen because of ambiguous wording.
The proposed policy would encourage a spirit
of free inquiry with a minimum of restraints.
It is designed to provide opportunity for open
expression of opinion subject to critical evalua-
tion. Similar to the University policy there will
be no restriction of speakers because of back-
ground and there will be no screening com-
mittee to pre-censor lectures.
WSU's vote to adopt the Coordinating Coun-
cil's report is highly significant in that it may
indicate a complete reversal of Wayne's interim
policy. WSU President Clarence Hilberry said
earlier this fall when WSU adopted a policy
banning all Communist speakers that Wayne
would reconsider its speaker rule as soon as the
Coordinating Council made a recommendation
for a unified policy on outside speakers.
A T PRESENT WSU has pledged compliance
with the resolution passed by the state Leg-
islature which states that "the appearance of
Communist speakers at state-supported univer-
sitieS . . . is contrary to public policy of the
state of Michigan."
Any speaker whose "background provides
proof that his appearance would be in conflict
with the concurrent resolution" of the Legisla-
ture is prohibited under WSU's policy.
The fact that the Wayne contingent at the
Coordinating Council-President Hilberry and
WSU Governors Benjamin D. Burdick and
Leonard Woodcock-voted in favor of the Co-
ordinating Council's policy may indicate that
Wayne will soon change its present speaker rule
and adopt a more liberal one.
SU PRESIDENT John A. Hannah and Trus-
tee Russell H. Seibert's backing of the Co-
ordinating Council's proposed policy is also
If MSU adopts the new speaker rule, it will
abolish the reluctant and ineffective speaker
screening committee. MSU's present speaker
policy is unclear and the proposal came in the
knick of time to give the trustees a concrete
program to work on.
The members of the screening committee
have asked that the committee be dissolved.
The committee expressed reluctance to prior
censorship of speakers and asked that a new
University Forum Committee be established to
advise groups on the speaker policy but not to
clear speakers. So far the trustees have taken
no action on the request. Now, the report should
eliminate the need for any form of speaker com-

THE ADOPTION of the report at the Co-
ordinating Council meeting was an impor-
tant step forward for the smaller state-support-
ed colleges. They too need a definite policy
on outside speakers. Although the test cases of
the extent of academic freedom usually take
place at the larger colleges and universities, the
need for a spirit of free inquiry is just as im-
portant at the small school.
Certainly, the unanimously adopted report of-
fers a plan for the most liberal and intelligent
speaker rule in the state. Each of the 10 state-
supported schools can gain academically from
the adoption of the proposed speaker policy.
The Coordinating Council has served a useful
purpose by acting as a sounding board for a
state-wide viewpoint on a progressive policy.
With the assurance of support from the large
universities, the smaller schools need not fear
legislative retribution. A uniform speaker policy
will be a pillar of strength against the Legisla-
ture's stand on Communist speakers. Whether a
uniform policy will ever become a reality will
depend partly on the effectiveness of the pres-
entation by the members of the Coordinating
Although the state-wide adoption of the rec-
ommended speaker policy is of primary import-
ance, the rule is not the final answer to the
needs of universities and colleges. A true "spirit
of free inquiry" is not accomplished by a regu-
lation which would forbid public advocacy of
civil disobedience and forceful overthrow of the
government without first applying the "clear
and present danger" test.
It was clearly explained that the speaker
policy in no way denies the speaker the right
to discuss the desirability of changing the
existing rules of the university, the laws of
Michigan or even the form of state or federal
government. Prof. Samuel Estep of the Law
School told the Coordinating Council that there
are adequate legitimate means for change with-
out resorting to illicit processes, such as know-
ingly violating regulations.
HE FALLACY of this line of reasoning on the
universitylevel becomes clear when one
examines the means for students to implemen
change in the university, where change usually
results from illegal violation of rules demon-
strating that a regulation is unenforceable or
occasionally by legal means when the adminis-
tration deigns to listen to students in an ad-
visory capacity.
There is always a thin line between "discuss-
ing the desirability of change" and advocating
that the audience take action to implement
the change. Often this line cannot and should
not be drawn.
Advocacy of the forceful, unlawful overthrow
of the government should not be restricted in a
university community of the educated elite un-
less such advocacy actually impairs the safety
of society or the government. The "clear and
present danger" test should be the guiding prin-
ciple. Certainly, no university or college regula-
tion need reinforce the existing laws limiting
certain speeches and speakers. Civil laws and
civil authorities are well able to handle any
violent results from a public gathering in school
facilities even as big as the University stadium.
Universities, the state and federal govern-
ment all suffer from what James Thurber
calls "a false sense of insecurity"; and a deplor-
able lack of faith in the democratic system.
Nevertheless, the proposed state-wide speaker
policy contains the most intelligent approach
to the problem of outside speakers yet formu-
lated. Hopefully before the academic year is
over Michigan will be the first state to have a
uniform speaker policy at state-supported col-
leges and universities.


., '
_. " .5..

way. Her uncle's fanatic passion
resemblance to her aunt prove
fatal. He persuades her to dress in
her aunt's wedding dress, then
drugs her and attempts to rape
HIS SENSE of shame prevents
him at the last minute; but when
she awakes he lies and tells her
she is dishonored and unfit to be
a nun, so. she will have to stay with
him. In disgust and fear she runs
from him; despairingly, he kills
himself. Returning to see him
hanged with a child's jump rope,
Viridiana feels her first failure:
she has not been a good niece.
Feeling responsible for her
uncle's death, she decides that
she can do the best penitence by
remaining in the world. She col-
lects all the local beggars in the
house, to make them "feel a little
human warmth and love."
Meanwhile, her uncle's son Jorge
has moved into the house and at-
tempts to seduce Viridiana. Escap-
ing impurity once more, she ig-
nores him.
Meanwhile, the beggars gather
for an orgy in the "rich house."
They eat, make love and dance
grotesquely to the tune of the
"Hallelujah Chorus" (in English)
from Handel's "Messiah." Drunk,
one of them rapes Viridiana and
attempts to murder Jorge when
the pair discover the orgy.
Her last attempt at sainthood
foiled, Viridiana decides to find
her place as Jorge's mistress. But
even this retreat is not to be
given gracefully.
THE MOVIE is extremely well
conceived and acted. The religious
and erotic symbolism is dizzying
-the crown of thorns with which
Viridiana masochistically punishes
' herself; the ashes of "repentance
and death" she puts in her uncle's
bed during a sleepwalking scene;
the crucifix-knife used by one of
the beggars.
"Viridiana" does not make 'La
Dolce Vita' "look like a "family
picnic," as the advertising claims.
But it is an extremly worthwhile
and thoughtful excursion into
Spanish religious life, in false and!
real piety, in love and passion, and
in the kind of national portrayal
apt to make a dictator nervous
enough to ban it in its own
--Ruth Hetmanski

for his dead wife and Viridiana's
A bounds
"CONSTANTINE and the Cross"
is one of the worst movies one
can ever have the misfortune of
It could be described as a series
of battles with love scenes and
other traumatic experiences sprin-
kled sparingly throughout to give
the outward appearance of variety.
The producer must have had the
same thing in mind when he in-
terspersed these sickening scenes
as the audiences does when fin-
ished seeing the movie--it was
* * *
NOT ONLY was the plot monot-
onous-one battle after another,
with the "good guys" always win-
ning-but the music was monoton-
ous and the acting was monoton-
Cornell Wilde did a lousy job
with a lousy role. Belinda Lee,
Constantine's ever-faithful wife
Fausta, did a lousy job. The pro-
ducer did a lousy job. The music
was lousy. As a matter of fact, the
entire debacle was monotonously
lous y.-r
As if this weren't enough, the
thing wasn't even original. It was
an attempted reproduction of such
successful films as "El Cid" and
"Ben Hur"-and a sorry attempt
it was.
THE MOVIE begins badly, gets
progressively worse, and ends ab-
solutely abominably.
How anybody in his right mind
could produce such an atrocious
piece of trash and have the auda-
city to expect anything but nega-
tive reactions is-beyond me.
My advice to all of those unsus-
pecting idealists who are consid-
ering going to see this asinine
production with the idea of seeing
a great spectacular is--don't. Save
yourself the money and the time.
Unless, of course, you want to get
a couple of hours sleep.
-Daniel Shafer


Erotic Symbolism
well Conceived
"VIRIDIANA" is the absorbing story of a girl who tries to be saint and
falls, a girl whose decline from novice nun to mistress is the tragic
failure of a life looking for a purpose.
Viridiana (Silvia Pinal) is a young novice whose mother superior
urges her to take a trip to the home of her uncle and benefactor (Fer-
nando Rey) to say one last affectionate farewell to the world before
taking her vows. Protesting that she does not want to see the world
again, Viridiana goes only from a sense of duty to be a good niece.
But Viridiana's stay in the country does not turn out quite that


Adenauer Faces Difficulties

ment crisis which began its fo-
ment when the police seized the
offices of the weekly news maga-
zine "Der Spiegel," last month, is
still in a state of limbo.
The surprise victory of Defense
Minister Franz Josef Strauss in
the Bavarian elections earlier this
week, has forced Chancellor Kon-
rad Adenauer into making a deci-
sion concerning the political future
of Strauss. However, President
Heinrich Luebke, who must ap-
prove any Cabinet change, will be
out of the country on an Asian
tour until Wednesday. Adenauer
has a few more breather days.
Strauss was the central pivot in
the Spiegel affair in which the
magazine editors were arrested on
the suspicion of treason and brib-
ery. For years "Der Spiegel" has
been the chief critic of the govern-
ment. Adenauer himself has many

times felt the sting. But Strauss
has been the chief recipient of its
STRAUSS, once indicated as
Adenauer's successor, has seen his
political potentials fade under con-
tinued attack from the weekly. It
has charged that the minister is
not only incompetent but also re-
sponsible for lucrative contracts
being directed towards friends and
About six weeks ago the maga-
zine published an indictment of
the West German Army, which in-
directly hit at Strauss. Three
weeks later the police were active,
routing Spiegel reporters out of
bed and arresting the publisher.
In the storm of public and poli-
tical protest which followed, from
the Social Democrats, the Trade
Unions, various student and jour-
nalistic associations and numerous
private persons, all 20 members of
Adenauer's coalition Cabinet re-

A bstract Criticism

The Extraordinary Commonplace

the academic freedom which they might,
and most of them are plagued by speaker
bans and newspaper censorship which contra-
dict the very basis of education. But the worst
type of pressure against free expression is
community-imposed fear.
Speaker bans can be violated. Censorship
can be agitated against. But to overcome fear
-to overcome community pressure which gen-
erates it-is a most difficult thing to do.
The University of Alabama doesn't impose
censorship on its weekly student newspaper, the
Alabama Crimson Light. But Tuscaloosa, Ala.,
is a segregated city, and Alabama citizens react
Business Staff
LEE SCLAR, Business Manager
SUE FOOTE....................Finance Manager
RUTH STEPHENSON.............. Accounts Manager
SUE TURNER ..........Associate Business Manager
THOMAS BENNETT ............. Advertising Manager
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
JUDITH BLEIER...............Associate City Editor
V13. rnTr UI.T....rV in AXXVgI*n A ~... .J.... i+^A f lir4 n

with fury to expressions for integration of the
rolled at Ole Miss, most Southern college
newspapers were editorially silent. But at least
one spoke out, and did so forcefully and gen-
uinely-the Alabama Crimson Light.
Editor Melvin Meyer wrote in support of
Meredith, in support of integration, and argued
against all the arguments of the segregationists.
He did so in a state where people. are being
shot and lynched for supporting integration. He
did it at a segregated university.
Meyer comes from rural Mississippi, which
makes the episode all the more unusual.
For this show of honesty, Meyer received
threats of violence from the Ku Klux Klan and
the Klan burned a few crosses in front of his
fraternity. Meyer wrote more editorials support-
ing integration, not only in Mississippi but also
in Alabama and at the university.
When the threats got more serious, the uni-
versity offered Meyer police protection, which
he accepted. But the university did not escape
threats, pressure, and demands for silencing
the paper.
THE ACTION of the University of Alabama in
affording its editor needed police protection,
and its refusal to act to silence the paper, are

To the Editor:
JAMES GINDIN is a real wit.
His critique on the new "Gen-
eration" is quite amusing, espe-
cially when he jumps into the
realm of the visual arts. Admit-
tedly, he knows that Hogarth's
name is William but this hardly
qualifies him to judge the visual
aspects of the issue. Perhaps he
bases his qualification on feelings
of culturaluniversality (a damn-
able aspect which pervades
through the numerous "culturet-
tes" around this university) but he
states "I am in' no position to
make any judgement on Mr.
James' score." Why not the ears
along with the eyes and mouth?
If he was not attempting to be
facetious, I beg that he accepts
my most humble apologies for the
foregoing remarks. When the staff
asked to present my building, the
article was born in an attempt to
convey the concept of a building-
a most abstract thing. I believe
that there is a definite lack of
communication in this area for
few people can accurately read a
plan. But evidently I failed for
what he says hardly coincides
with the way I see the building.
A topographical error(s) excus-
ably accounts for his seeing only
seven classrooms instead of the
actual 24, but he completely over-
looks their immediate relationship
to the information materials cen-
ter (Ann Arbor school system's
term) the most unique and impor-
tant aspect of the design. This
relationship permits greater ac-
cessability for the use of educa-
tional materials. The arrangement
permits individual and various
group size study areas. Spacious
and airy are hardly the adjectives
to use in describing this inner-
directed building.
* * *
ADMITTEDLY, architecture
cannot replace great teachers such
as Prof Hedrich of the engineering
school or Prof. Hicks in the math

design and communicate-yet evi-
dently failed to convey.
-Paul C. Lin, '63A&D
Wraps ..
To the Editor:
INDEED, Prof. Gindin, the draw-
ings were heavily concerned
with clothes. A nude child from
one period is for all intents and
purposes as good as another. The
clothes make the (Victorian)
--Michael Wentworth, Grad
To the Editor:
THE TRIAL of Suzanne Vande-
put on charges of infanticide
involves issues more critical than
the possibility of improper court
procedure, the danger of some-
thing less than impeccable juris-
prudence. The concept of human
dignity that is inherently involved
transcends the question of judical
The sacredness of human life,
states Judith Oppenheim, the
author of the editorial "Thalido-
mide," is not to be jeopardized
whenever difficult situations arise.
Yet, if the incidence of thousands
of deformed babies is not defined
as "difficult" it is hard to see what
would meet the author's qualifi-
cation. Does the unspeakable hor-
ror posed by the prospect that
nuclear testing has already de-
formed unborn generations qual-
ify as a difficult situation? The
facts of the case support the
mother's contention that the child
would have been better off dead.
Are we then to stand by acquies-
cing to a fate the responsibility
for which we must fear.
* * *
THALIDOMIDE, as a product
of the human mind, must be dealt
with by mankind. We can not
shirk our responsibility for its
invention and spread merely by
piously proclaiming the sacredness
of human life. Man has often

signed. Fifteen of the ministers
were from the Chancellor's own
Christian Democratic Party; the
other five were Free Democrats.
The five junior partners in
the Adenauer coalition handed in
their resignations, that forced the
dissolution of the cabinet and the
resignation of Adenauer's own
ministers-including Strauss. This
technically leaves the country
without a government until Lueb-
ke's return.
It was felt that unless Strauss's
party won overwhelmingly in the
Bavarian elections, his name would
be omitted from the rejuggled
Cabinet list, to appease the Free
Now that Strauss has won, the
question remains-will Adenauer
try to buck the Free Democrats or
will he give in and form the new
government free from "personal
* * *
ters around the fact that he needs
the Free Democrats' 67 votes in
the Bundestag, however, he also
needs the 50 votes from the Chris-
tian Social Union of Bavaria,
whose chairman is none other than
If Strauss should refuse to with-
draw, Adenauer could be faced
with a crisis involving not only
the cabinet, but perhaps even the
chancellorship itself.
This has been further compli-
cated by the fact that the Chan-
cellor's own party has given him
notice that it wants him to retire
in mid-1963. In a caucus on Tues-
day, the joint executive and par-
liamentary groups of the Chris-
tian Democrats and the Christian
Social Union also authorized Ade-
nauer to open negotiations with
both the Free Democrats and the
opposition Social Democrats for
the new government.
With the problem of how to get
rid of Strauss or placate the oppo-
sition is coupled the question of
whether Adenauer could survive
drawn-out negitiations on a new
government. He does have a few
days grace until Luebke returns-
then the vital decisions must be
AS HE STORMED off the poli-
cal stage, the former Vice-
President Richard Nixon, told the
press of his "wish that you had
given my opponent the same going
over that you gave me . . . I leave
you gentlemen now and you will
now write it. You will interpret it.
That's your right. But as I leave
you I want you to know-just
think how much you're going to
be missing. You don't have Nixon
to kick around any more, because
gentlemen, this is my last press
conference . ..
Consider Sir Winston Churchill's
farewell after his dismissal by the
British electorate in 1945: "The
decision of the British people has
been recorded in the votes count-
ed today. I have therefore laid
down the charge which was placed
upon me in darker times.
"Immense responsibilities abroad
and at home fall upon the

Masterful Interpretation

ADAPTATION of a drama from
the stage to the screen is at
best a precarious matter.
In entails not only a change in
medium but an entire change in
emphasis, from the auditory stress
of the play, a vehicle of language,
to the visual one of the cinema, a
conveyance of action.
It dictates the preservation of
the basic underlying concept of
the drama while joining it with
different means of production.
Hopefully, the new end result is
as good as or better than the
* * *
TOO OFTEN in this process of
adaptation, movie producers be-
come unduly involved with those
problems unique to the cinema
and, deterred by technical in-
accuracies and erroneous inter-
pretations, fall far short of a true
representation of the original con-
cept contained in the drama of
the stage production.
However, the Stanley Kramer
cinema version of "Death of a
Salesman," currently playing at
the Cinema Guild, skillfully es-
caped this common error and
rendered a true and accurate rep-
resentation of Arthur Miller's play.
Probably most outstanding in
Kramer's interpretation of the
drama is his casting of roles.
Fredric March "becomes" Willie
Loman, the exhausted, destitute
salesman, and his every word G nd
movement groan with a fearful
weariness. His wife Linda (Mildred
Dunnock) reflects his utter f.a-
tigue, and only her eyes, big in a

sunken face, hint of the dreams
she once shared with Willie.
Willie's sons (Kevin McCarthy
and Cameron Mitchell) are power-
:ful young men who, apropos of the
Adonic roles they play, portray
their characters masterfully.
* * *
VERY EFFECTIVE in its use is
the musical score which not only
sets the mood but also identifies
the character of Willie by a par-
ticularly plaintive flute theme.
Special note should be made of
the sets which, freed from the
confined quarters of the stage,
grant a greater fluidity to the
drama, particularly those episodes
which take place only in Willie's
Yet somehow the Kramer pro-
duction falls down a bit with a
flat, slightly unimaginative camera
that only occasionally recognizes
its potential as an interpretative
* * *
THE TEMPO too is somewhat
burdened by an excessive' repeti-
tion of lines and key phrases.
These were added to the script
by the Hollywood screen-writers,
who, no doubt, did not quite trust
the audience to get the message
the first time around. More per-
ceptive cutting on the part of the
film editor would have greatly im-
proved the faltering tempo.
However, Kramer's adaptation
of "Salesman" to the screen is,
on the whole, a valid one and, as
Willie Loman himself would say,
a "most remarkable thing."
-Louise Lind

Issue Offers Relief

"BURNING DECK" is a collec-
tion of poetry, reviews, coin-
munications, and squibs, all of
which contain the charming hu-
mor, irreverence, and astuteness
one expects from people connected
with the Wolgomot society.
The editors of this magizine are
James Camp, D. C. Hope and
Bernard Waldrop, all members of
the Wolgomot society. But the
magazine itself is not part of the
Wnromot nsoietv.Btnatirall it

parison that allows then reader to
'see for himself and become dis-
satisfied for himself.
This mood is apparent in the
first poem, "Extreme Unction" by
Dallas Wiebe. "We jump our in-
struments to space/ to throng His
valut/ to spy our stainless host,!
With herds of whining scrap./ We
pitch around our flank/ flocks of
whizzing junk." and this is only
part of the picture of life he

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