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Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 59 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
SRC Sets Withdrawal
From SGC Group
Reviews Faculty Role on Council;
May Seek End of Representation
By DENISE WACKER
The Student Relations Committee has decided, after a preliminary
examination into the role of the faculty on student committees, to
refrain from nominating staff members to fill a vacant faculty seat on
the Student Government Council Committee on Membership.
The SRC is also considering whether it should continue faculty
participation in the recently-established SGC Judiciary Study Com-
mittee, Professors Richard Cutler of the psychology department, SRC
chairman, and Charles Lehman of the education school, an SRC
tmember, said yesterday.
India Rejects Red Demand,
Hints at Renewed Fighting
lllikoyan Fears No Letup
RALPH .A. SAWYER
... leads fight
. . . SRC action
By DAVID MARCUS
Four faculty members have re-
signed from Lincoln College (Lin-
coln, Ill.) because of the dismissal
of Prof. Joseph Leston for his
anti-Cuban blockade picketing.
In addition to the four faculty
members--out of a total faculty
of approximately 26-who resign-
ed, two others also threatened to
leave their posts at the school if
Prof. Leston is not reinstated.
Prof. Leston was informed re-
cently in a letter from Harold F.
Trapp, chairman of the trustees
of the pricate college, that his
contract would not be renewed
next June because he had not
exercised "appropriate restraint"
in expressing his opinions.
"Appropriate restraint" is one
of the three standards set by the
American Association of Univer-
sity Professors as guidelines for
academic freedom, Prof. Leston
However, he interpreted it as
meaning "staying within the law"
when he picketed the Lincoln post
office in October carrying placards
saying "Stop United States Ag-
fression" and "Do Not Let Cuba
Be Our Hungrary."
Protests have been lodged by
the AAUP and the American Civil
Liberties Union asking the trustees
to revoke its dismissal of Prof.
However, Prof. Leston says he
contemplates no legal action.
"There are no grounds for a suit.
The action of the college was not
to offer renewal of my contract."
Prof. Leston has not been a
member of the Lincoln faculty for
the two years required for him
to be covered by tenure provisions.
Trapp, who refused to go into
any detail on the case, would only
say that "appropriate restraint"
was interpreted by the trustees as
meaning that a faculty member
"takes into account the effects of
his conduct on the reputation of
He also claimed that the slogans
on Prof. Leston's placards were in
violation of the "appropriate re-
The dismissal took place only
after the trustees held an inter-
view with Leston at which several
faculty members were present.
Prof. Leston contended that
"orderly peaceful demonstrations
are exercises of 'appropriate re-
He also claimed that he had
not violated either of the other
two AAUP academic freedom
guidelines: he did not identify
himself as a member of the in-
This is not an indication that
faculty members are withdrawing
support, or expressing disapproval
over the actions taken to date by
the membership committee or by
Rather, it is being done to em.
phasize a feeling evidently pre-
valent among faculty members
that Council does not have the
right to establish a "University-
wide committee"-one in which
the faculty, holding only one or
two seats,rmust takeresponsibil-
ity for a report or recommenda-
tion with which they might not
The Committee on Membership's
charter calls for four student and
up.to three non-student members;
either one or two faculty mem-
bers and an administrator.
"For three years, the SRC has
been asked to choose a panel of
faculty members, from which
group the Council selected several
to serve. Thus, the SRC has been
associated with SGC in only a
loose consultative relation - the
majority of these mutual areasof
concern were centered around dis-
crimination in student organiza-
tions," Prof. Cutler said.
"It is in no sense an unwilling-
ness on the part of the SRC to
work with SGC; the faculty would
be happy to consult with the
Council at any time on any issue
in an advisory position, but are re-
luctant to be voting members of
a. committee," Prof. Lehman said.
He added that when former
Council President John Feld-
kamp, '61, initially came to the
SRC two years ago, proposing that
the Committee on Membership in-
clude faculty members, the SRC
was rather skeptical of the idea,
but, despite reservations, went
along with it.
Prof. Cutler noted that "by the
Regents' action, htis (elimination
of bias in student organizations)
is completely SGC's responsibil-
SGC President Steven Stock-
meyer, '63, felt that "the SRC
lacks real knowledge of the work-
ings of the Committee on Mem-
bership; it has a misconception
of the spirit in which the group
"The membership committee
was set up to work with the affil-
iated groups, and only as a last
resort to bring a case into the
open. We had tried to bring a
case into the open prematurely
with Sigma Kappa, and it got us
nowhere," he said.
He added that in light of the
SRC's decision, Council is faced
with three possible means of solv-
ing the dilemma of the commit-
tee's vacant seats: first, it could
eliminate the faculty member com-
pletely from the committee's
Second, it could make the com-
mittee an all-student body; or
last, a faculty member, -obviously
not recommended by the SRC,
could be appointed to the com-
Stockmeyer also indicated that
the issue will be discussed during
tomorrow's Council meeting.' He
hopes to arrange an SRC-SGC
meeting, at which some settle-
ment will be reached.
By PHILIP SUTIN
The University has gained in its
battle with Congress over indirect
costs limitations despite being
forced to cease seeking research
grants from the defense depart-
ment, Director of Research Ad-
ministration Robert E. Burroughs
As Congress placed a 20 per
cent limit on the amount of in-
direct costs the federal govern-
ment will cover in defensedepart-
ment research grants, the Uni-
versity has stopped applying for
them, Burroughs announced.
Only grants covering projects
now underway or for proposals
submitted before the limitation
went into effect will be continued,
These grants will continue, he
explained, because the University
does not wish to "pull the rug
out" from under professors now
working on grant-supported pro-
This decision effects only ap-
proximately $600,000 out of $14
million worth of defense work the
Burroughs explained that indi-
rect costs include administrative,
building and maintenance, pur-
chasing and records costs that
cannot be charged to any specific
These costs can be charged on
the basis of the percentage of
salaries and wages required in
each project or on the basis of
the percentage of the total direct
cost of the project, he added.
The University's indirect costs
amount to 50 per cent of the
former figure or 33 per cent of the
latter. As the federal government
is determining indirect costs by
the percentage of direct costs, the
University is failing to recover its
total cost by 13 per cent of the
total direct c o s t, Burroughs
Hernoted that the fight waged
by American colleges and univer-
sities and the American Council
on Education caused Congress to
losen its demands for indirect cost
limitations and raising limitations
five per cent in health, education
and welfare department and Na-
tional Science Foundation grants.
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration was stuck
with a 25 per cent indirect cost
limit by Congress, he noted, and
the University is attempting to
change grants to contracts which
have negotiated indirect cost
Vice-president f o r Research
Ralph A. Sawyer, the president of
the Council, said that his organi-
zation was preparing to continue
its fight against the indirect cost
limitation, but has made no spe-
cific plans pending the new
Sawyer had spoken before Con-
gressional committees and lobbied
extensively against the limit in
the last session of Congress.
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS-Top Unit-
ed States negotiators met with So-
viet trouble shooter Anastas I. Mi-
koyan last night but apparently
received little evidence that Cuban
Prime Minister Fidel Castro is
ready to adopt a softer line toward
the United States.
The discussions took place at a
dinner arranged by Acting Secre-
tary-General U Thant a few hours
after the first deputy premier re-
turned from a visit to Havana.
Both United States and Soviet
officials said the talks were friend-
ly and cordial, but Mikoyan ac-
knowledged that there were sharp
Before the meeting there were
widespread reports that the Soviet
leader would be invited to Wash-
ington for discussions with Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy. He said,
however, this was not discussed.
bnited States Ambassador Adlai
E. Stevenson said the United States
negotiators would meet tomorrow
for further discussions with Soviet
Deputy Foreign Minister Vasily V.
President John F. Kennedy flew
to within 90 miles of Havana yes-
terday and saw on-the-spot evi-
dence of how quickly the United
States mustered a Cuban emer-
The President got secret brief-
ings from the American fighting
men who stood closest to Cuba
during the crisis over Russian
rockets. He expressed deep appre-
ciation to the men who "made it
possible for the United States to
defend its security.
As he voiced a personal thank
you to the men who created a
bastion on the southeast coast,
Kennedy also cautioned the com-
bat-ready troops that days of dan-
ger have not vanished. -
Vice-president for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis told the
Michigan Union-Women's League
Study Committee yesterday that
his office felt that the whole
program of student activities
would "be enhanced" if a start
could be made towards coordinat-
ing the activities sponsored by
existing student organizations.
He also favored a better defini-
tion of the relationship between
Student Government Council and
the presentation and calendaring
of student activities.
Lewis appeared before the com-
mittee along with John Bingley,
director of student activities and
organizations; Walter B. Rea, di-
rector of financial aids, and Eliz-
abeth Davenport, special assistant
to the vice-president.
James H. Robertson, associate
dean of the literary college and
chairman of the committee, sum-
med up the attitude at the table
by saying that "there seems to be
a consensus that the Union and
the League provide vital and use-
ful functions on the campus and
since we don't want to lose their
values we must keep in mind
these contributions in any changes
'U' Considers Degree Study
By GERALD STORCH
As a result of increasing concern over the almost overwhelming
demand looming ahead for professionally-trained college graduates, '"
the University is beginning to exercise both formal and informal
means of speeding up doctoral degree programs.;
The easiest way to do this, educators and administrators say,
would be to obtain more scholarships for humanities students, who
possess about one half the support given to students in the sciences......
However, in spite of aid from agencies such as the' health, edu- "
cation and welfare department and the Woodrow Wilson Foundation,<
financial assistance in non-technical fields still falls far short and is
unevenly distributed among the various fields.
Humanities students, most of whom have to hold down outside }
jobs such as teaching fellowships in order to put themselves throuth
school, usually need from 35 to 100 per cent more time to earn their
doctorates than do science students.
The University is therefore turning to other methods besides'
soliciting outside financial support. Professors are encouraged, and,
in some cases, prodding graduate students under their tutelage to
complete their thesis and other degree requirements as soon as
Extensions of the graduate school's time limit-which specifies
that doctoral degree work must be finished within seven consecutive WILLIAM L. HAYS
See 'U,' Page 2.. 'hurdles system'
Liberal Soviet Writers Gain .License
MOSCOW-The liberal wing of
Soviet literature has apparently
achieved a significant break-
through in the struggle for the
right of freer expression.
Soviet and Western observers
here point to recent developments
that have dealt conservatives and
particularly neo-Stalinists their
sharpest setback in the literary
The liberal wing, headed by
Aleksandr T. Tvardovsky, a poet
who is chief editor of the literary
magazine Novy Mir, has clearly
gained the ascendancy over the
conservatives led by Vsevolod A.
Kochetov, chief editor of the lit-
erary journal Okyabr.
The issue between the two camps
is not loyalty to the Communist
party or political questions, which
are dictated without challenge by
the party propaganda apparatus.
Tvardovsky, a candidate mem-
ber of the Central Committee of
the party, is considered no less
a loyal Communist than Koche-
The debate takes on historic im-
portance, in the view of observers
here, in its relation to the direc-
tion of the development of Soviet
Since the death of Stalin the
liberals have battled, despite re-
peated setbacks, against the Koch-
etov view that literature essen-
tially should be propaganda devot-
ed solely to serving the party.
The liberals have also defied the
Stalinist concept that there should
be a monolithic aim and style that
rule out detailed and sympathetic
treatment of personal human
problems such as love, material
wants and individual freedom.
Within both camps of writers
there are differences.
Among the liberals, Tvardovsky,
a poet influenced by 19th-century
styles, is not always in agreement
with the young avant-garde poet
Yevgeny Yevtushenko. But they
unite as liberals in their opposition
to bureaucratic strictures on ar-
There is evidence that the lib-
eralization of literature is going
forward with the blessing of Pre-
mier Nikita Khrushchev. However,
this trend in literature is not nec-
essarily symptomatic of evolve-
ment of Soviet society as a whole.
At the current plenary session
of the Central Committee of the
Soviet Communist Party, Khrush-
chev has pressed his attack on
Stalinism but at the same time
enormously broadened the party's
control over every phase of indus-
try and agriculture.
Soviet writers say that one of the
most dramatic indications of lib-
eralization was the decision to dis-
continue as of Jan. 1 publication
of the daily literary newspaper Lit-
eraturna I Zhizm. This organ of
the Union Writers of Russian Fed-
eration has been a stronghold of
conservatism and the voice of the
Literaturna I Zhizm is to be
transformed into a weekly, to be
named Litreaturnaya Rossiya.
Aside from ideological consider-
ations, it was understood that a
drop in the readership of Litera-
turna I Zhizm was a factor in the
A newspaper under the liberal
influence, Literaturnaya Gazeta,
the organ of the Union of Writers
of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, will now be dominant
in the daily literary field.
Pravda, the newspaper of the
Communist party, in an article
yesterday, praised the liberal lit-
erary magazines Novy Mir and
Znamya for'de-Stalinization works
in their current issues..
Pravda said these contributed
actively toward "purging our lives
of the influences and consequences
of the cult of personality."
The party organ gave particular
attention to a short novel pub-
lished in Novy Mir, "One Day in
the Life of Ivan Denisovich," writ-
ten by Aleksandr Solzhenitsin, a
teacher of mathematics who lives
east of Moscow.
Copyright 1962, The New York Times
To Abandon Ladakh
To Chinese Control
By The Associated Press
NEW DELHI-An Indian gov-
ernment spokesman rejected yes-
terday a key provision Red China
pinned to its cease-fire and offer
of troop withdrawal.
And two top Indian leaders
hinted the fighting lull on the
Himalayan battlefield is only tem-
Signs of a stiffening Indian
stand against Peiping terms for a
continued border truce came as
American planes rushed more than
1,000 fresh Indian troops to posi-
tions in the northeast. The head
of the United States military mis-
sion to India returned from a
trip to the northeast command
area and reported Indian troops
in control and their morale good.
Alex Qualson-Sackey, Ghana's
permanent representative to the
United Nations, said yesterday the
Afro-Asian group will meet to-
morrow to consider the possibility
of sending a peace mission to New
Delhi and Peiping.
Quaison-Sackey did not elabor-
ate on what the specific aims of
the mission would be, but said gen-
erally it was hoped that such a
mission could smooth over differ-
ences regarding a cease-fire ,and
He said India "had no objec-
tion to such a meeting." Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's atti-
tude toward such a mission was
not immediately determined, but
previously India has been cool to
the idea of the United Nations
taking up the dispute. Communist
China is not represented in the
The Indian spokesman said Neh-
ru's government is still consider-
ing the Red Chinese offer to with-
draw from the present battle lines.
But the spokesman rejected a Pei-
ping condition that would, he said,
leave the Chinese in control of 2,-
000 square miles of Indian terri-
tory in Ladakh that they did not
hold before the recent heavy fight-
Close to Fighting
Indian President Sarvepalli Rad-
hakrishnan also suggested that the
two nations were closer to a re-
sumption of the fighting.
Speaking at a state banquet for
visiting West German President
Heinrich Luebke, Radhakrishnan
declared: "China used force to
change her frontier to her advan-
tage. We shall not allow this to
happen again. We wish to demon-
strate to the world that aggression
does not pay."
Home Minister Lal Bahadur
Shastri :told a mass rally that
"whatever may be the Chinese mo-
tive in declaring a unilateral
cease-fire, we have decided to get
the aggressor vacated and if China
does not vacate peacefully, our
forces shall have to fight it out."
The shuttle of more than 1,000
Indian troops to the Northeast
yesterday was the first big mission
assigned to the Americans man-
ning a dozen United States C-130
Hercules transports since their ar-
rival last week,
Secrecy shrouded the operation,
but it was learned that the trans-
ports carried an undisclosed num-
ber of wounded on their return
flights. It was also learned that
one C130 flew to Leh in Ladakh,
the northwest battle sector, Sat-
urday and brought back 23 wound-
ed and sick Indian soldiers.
T h e Michigan Coordinating
Council for Public Higher Educa-
tion will hear a report on the
Stanford, Sigma Nu Chapter
Chooses To Leave National
By MICHAEL ZWEIG
The Stanford University chapter of Sigma Nu fraternity unan-
imously voted on Nov. 19 to go local.
The action came because last summer's national convention failed
to respond to the Stanford chapter's pressure to eliminate the national
bias clause against Negroes and orientals, Thomas Grey, president
of the house, reported.
The chapter is now called Beta Chi, and retains its old house.
"We do not have any particular person in mind for pledging,"
Grey said. He said that neither the university nor the student govern-
ment had put any pressure on
C the fraternity because of the bias
f essiah Supports Decision
Choral Union Announces Performances o
The University Choral Union, conducted by Lester McCoy, and
featured soloists will give the annual performance of Handel's
"Messiah" at 8:30 p.m. on Saturday, Dec. 1, and at 2:30 p.m. Sunday,
Dec. 2, in Hill Aud.
This year the University Symphony Orchestra of the music school
will accompany the 340 voice Choral Union of the Musical Society.
The soloists will be soprano Sara Endich, contralto Louise Parker,
tenor Rolf Bjoerling and bass Norman Farrow.
Miss Endich has made numerous appearances with the Boston
Symphony and the Cleveland Orchestra. This is her second Ann
Stanford president J.E. Wallace
Sterling issued a statement ex-
pressing support for the decision,
citing a resolution passed by the
board of trustees commiting the
university to "work actively" with
student groups opposing racial
and r e I i g i o u s discriminatory
clauses and practices.
Grey said that the university
policy does not set any deadline
for the end of fraternity discrim-
ination. "We brought the matter
to the university ourselves and
:}: Fem . r?