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September 30, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-09-30

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Seventy-Third Year
Troth Will Prev'ail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Rush and Fraternity Living.
Two Views

O OFTEN, when a freshman enters th
University, he is awed by the magnitude
his surroundings, and instead of rising to me
them, he shrinks from his rightful position.
And it is for this reason-to help the studen
make a contribution to the University, over an
above his academic pursuits-that the man
diverse groups in the University communit
Among these groups, of course, is the frater
nity system, which, though much-maligned b
its critics and ineffectually defended by it
partisans, has its definite merits and make
perhaps the most sizeable single contributio
to the University's betterment.
U NFORTUNATELY, 4n image of fraternitie
has become entrenched over the years-ar
image which has no longer any basis in fact
No longer exist the hazing, pledge pranks
paddle sessions, and other monkey-business
that fathers so fondly recall. Gone are th
joy boys and the good time Charlies, who con
tributed so little, and took up so much.
Interfraternity Council President John Mey
erholz observed recently that "the constant fun
raising and hazing are things of the past . . .
fraternity based on sweat sessions and constan
partying is not a modern fraternity. It is no
characteristic of the fraternities on the Uni
versity campus.
"The foremost reason for the existence o
fraternities here at the University is to supple-
ment and complement the students' academics
and not to place other things before them. If
one is not interested in working hard aca-
demically, the fraternity system has no place
for him."
TODAY, the fraternity system places its pri-
mary stress upon the very academic excel-
lence and curiosity which has made the Univer-
sity a leader in world education. This is char-
acterized by its scholarship programs, the "big-
brother" system (where a freshman can get
study help from a brother who may already
have taken the same course), and adequate
examination files, which provide a basis for
orientation and study for one's courses.
"We are concerned with students' academic
life," Meyerholz has said many times. "Someone
in the fraternity house is always ready to help.
Freshmen, new to the campus and the 'college
game,' can easily fall behind. The fraternity
roLlizes this and makes them aware of it, so
tiat they can be helped to correct their aca-
demic difficulties."
This coupled with the significance of na-
tional and alumni ties offers a unique oppor-
tunity. Each fraternity has a group of able and
successful alumni, standing by to lend a hand
-to convey a part of their experience to their
old fraternity.
TI E FRATERNITY can be an effective force
within the University, combining the other-
wise undirected efforts of individuals toward
the common goal of excellence-in athletics, in
activities, in community service, as well as in
However, this is not a situation which can
just materialize, and the fraternity system em-
ploys a phenonemon known as Men's Rush to
facilitate it. Here the brothers get a chance to
meet the prospective pledges and vice-versa, in
order that both may determine whom and
what they want.
Fraternities choose their members on the
basis of personal merit, which assures both sides
that the new member will find a happy and
agreeable place to live for the three remaining
years or so of University life,
BUT NO ONE, regardless of what precon-
conceived notions he might have on the
subject of fraternities, can expect to know
whether or not he will find fraternity life agree-
able unless he investigates the situation.
For this reason, every freshman at the Uni-
versity should rush. Somewhere in the Univer-
sity's collection of 43 fraternities, there is a
house for every man who wishes to join, but
this niche cannot be located without investiga-
To be certain, the fraternity life is not for
everyone, but oftentimes this is not readily ap-
parent. And only a personal contact with the
system will tell.

A FRATERNITY can hold a very important
spot in a student's life. It is tied to his alma
mater after he graduates, just as it is a vehicle
to his academic success while in college.
And in this fast-changing world of today,
when so much depends on brotherhood of some
sort, a person can use every possible bit of
experience living with his neighbor, rather than
avoiding them.
But most important of all-even more so
than the memorable parties or the exciting
football games or the campus activities-most
important of all, the fraternity at the University
has become a respository of knowledge, a place
where the student can find help in his pursuit
of education. And while you can learn until
time immemorial, your knowledge is of no value
unless you communicate.
Fraternities teach students to live together,
to play together, to work together-in a life

e THE FIRST semester freshman beginning
of rush today has had less than three weeks
et to confront an entirely new way of life, the
University community. Now he must consider
t another new way of life, the fraternity. He
d cannot do it.
Ly The fraternity system is only one part of the
y University community. It carries with it im-
plications which alienate it from some aspects
- of the community, unite it with others.
y The freshman is not ready to comprehend
s the total meaning of this community. He is still
s learning, and will be for some time, just what
fn effect the coming four years will have on his
life. Asking him, within ten days of now, to
make the important decision of whether or
s not to join a fraternity denies him the right
n to explore the roads open to him.
t. For a fraternity means so much more than
s, a housing unit. The new freshman can judge
s, neither the fraternity system nor an individual
e house. He does not understand what fraternity
- means, or how it works. In spite of the fact
that there are those on campus ready to fill
- him with details, he is in no position to judge
- the objectivity of what he hears.
t ON THE one hand, critics often gather all
t the evils of society-bigotry, conformity,
- anti-intellectualism, or what have you-and
triumphantly point the finger of blame at
f Fraternity. Then the system's defenders in-
- dignantly react ;to the tune that fraternity
s life,is the difference between success and fail-
f ure at the University, and, ultimately, in life.
- The President of Interfraternity Council,
e John Keyerholz, made a fool of himself in
such a manner the other night, as he tried to
convince a group of freshmen that within the
- 'confines of the fraternity system lie the
- answers to all their problems. His speech was
riddled with inanities and distortions.
"THERE IS no better way to learn the art
of communication," Meyerholz told his
audience, "than by associating yourself with
a smaller yet distinctive, important group
r here on campus."
Apparently, Meerholz considers students
without the system, social outcasts. Looking at
Michigan, however, we find that possibly 25
per cent of undergraduates, if that many, are
Greek. The number of fraternity men, espe-
* cially, is declining. Last year's rush was terrible.
The number of deactivations is high. At least
15 houses on campus have less than 35 men,
and five or more of those face possible with-
drawal of recognition because they do not ful-
fill IFC requirements for number of active
IN DISCUSSING discrimination Meyerholz
claims, "To my knowledge there is no na-
tional fraternity chapter on our campus that
selects their members on any other basis than
personal merit."
Few fraternity men would agree with this
statement. Several have said in effect, "We
couldn't get a Jew through hash," or "Our
house isn't ready for a Negro." Fact is that
there are about a half-dozen houses on cam-
pus, at most, which are at all mixed. Each of
them has one or two people of another faith or
color. Every other house is completely Chris-
tian or Jewish, completely white, or, in one
case, completely Negro.
"THE CONSTANT fun raising and hazing are
things of the past in our system," Meyer-
holz says. "A fraternity based on sweat ses-
sions and constant partying is not a modern
If Meyerholz means to imply that hazing
-and sweat sessions are extinct, he doesn't
know his own system too well. There are houses
on campus which have eliminated both com-
pletel y, possibly 10 of the 43 chapters. And
"hell week," contrary to rush talk, has not be-
come "help" week.
"The foremost reason for the existence ofa
fraternities here at Michigan is to supplement
and compliment the student's academics and1
not to place other things before them."
This is not true. The fraternity never has andl
never should have anything to do with aca-
demics. It is a social organization and is fine1
in that context, Few and far between are the
fraternity men who can study in their houses.
THE FRATERNITY is neither all good nor allf
bad. The point is that the freshman rushee,

for all his two weeks of knowledge about col-
lege life, is not yet ready to judge for 'himselfI
the exact value of the system.x
He will go through rush, meet a myriad ofi
faces and be pretty sure that all of, them be-
long to "great guys." .They don't.e
He will hear all sorts of stories about fra-t
ternity life, including juggled financial ac-i
counts, but he will not have any way of know-c
ing what is true and what is not.
He will think he is making a pretty cool im-
pression while in hash sessions actives will be
tearing him apart because they don't like the c
color of his tie, or he has a funny nickname. c
T HE ENORMITY of college life is such that c
no freshman can yet have his next four 0
years in perspective. It is just too soon for himo
to tell whether the fraternity system or an f

j..~ '4 /USA
A ' A 1. fJ Vt J LU
Ask Supot o1erdt

Common Market,-
common World

ALTHOUGH THE integration of
Europe is presently stalled be-
cause of the whims and fancies of
two old men, it is certainly appro-
priate to consider the great signi-
ficance of such an event. The con-
cept of a united Europe is far too
powerful to be forever sidetracked
by Chancellor Adenauer and Pres-
ident De Gaulle.
To date, the rebirth of the "old
world" has been studied and prais-
ed primarily from an economic
B loodbut
Little Guts
the Defiant" as surely as the
Defiant saved the British Navy.
It's hard to tell, but one some-
times thinks that Guinness' agent
must hate him. His recent movies
including the one now at the
Michigan have provided weak and
weary vessels for his talents.
"Damn the Defiant" is the type
of movie that will appear on the
late late shows on television in
two or three years, on the merits
of the Guinness name.
In the movie, Guinness is the
captain of The Defiant, a British
ship trying to aid a convoy fight-
ing the French in the Mediterran-
ean in 1797. Besides the French
his biggest problem is his senior
midshipman, Mr. Gilpatrick, "one
of the Navy's best officers but with
a vicious streak and a silver spoon
in his mouth."
GILPATRICK, played by Dirk
Bogarde, enjoys flogging men,
beatingthe captain's 12-year-old
son, and parading his pull in
royal circles before Guinness.
(Funny thing, it's always Guin-
ness, not Captain Crawford.)
Gilpatrick's main complaint is
that Guinness is "too soft on the
men." All things are relative, Gil-
patrick thinks" that two' dozen
lashes is a mild punishment.
The plot being shallow and the
characters being sterotyped, the
producers decided to rely on the
blood, pain and hell of war to
carry the picture. There is en-
tirely too much violence, sadism,
and torture. Little boys will relish
the gore, but big people will be
disappointed that there is little
weight or meaning in the picture
to demand or excuse the excess
* *
"Damn the Defiant" approach the
level of Alec Guinness, the pro-
ducers snuck in a half-hearted at-
tempt at "message" in the guise of
the labor movement. "If we all
stand together we'll win, they
can't hang every man in the
Navy." However,, this isn't a mut-
iny-merely a demand for a just
hearing for their grievances, wnich
appear to be legion.
The characters - aside from
Guinness-are morally either black
or white; there is no delving into
conscience or spiritual probing of
the villains and their psyches. It
is a real testimony to Guinness'
talent that he can make a noble,
good character like Crawfori pal-
atable instead of the "Captain, My
Captain" the role would have be-
come in the hands of a lesser
actor. And the writers offered
little help.
Guinness is a great actor-how-
ever, if blood doesn't interest you,
between appearances of Guinness,
it's. a long arid wait.
-Malinda Berry

point of view. The miracle of the
Common Market has brought
nothing but prosperity to the six
countries within its limits. France,
Italy, West Germany, and the
Benelux triad have disrupted,
through their success, the eco-
nomic policies of all other world
President Kennedy's widely sup-
ported trade bill is nothing but a
reaction to the "Six." The coun-
try faces economic isolation un-
less it lowers its tariff barriers.
England is scrambling desper-
ately to make seven of the "Six."'
She is ready to reverse long Com-
monwealth traditions in order to
share in the new European wealth.
Even the Soviet Union has
showed its concern over the Coin-
mon Market under the cover of
Premier Khrushchev's criticisms.
The Russians are now engaged in
revitalizing Comecon-their own
version of the "Six."
* i *
BUT IN SPITE of the current
preoccupation with economics,
history will probably give greater
weight to the political aspect of
a "United States of Europe."
Should the dream of men like Jean
Monnet and Paul Heni pak
come true, it will have to be con-
sidered the single most important
event of the 20th century.
We have lived, so far, in a cen-
tury of war. And as war-making
has become increasingly dangerous
to the point where -it is now fatal,
the search for peace has become
more and more intense, more and
more desperate.
The beauty of European unity
is that itcan be the foundation
of world unity and the key to this
* r *
that the purpose of government
is to bring order out of chaos.
Ungoverned man, Locke says, is
in a state of nature. He is com-
pletely free, but completely un-,
protected from the evils of his
fellow man. The state of nature is
a state of turmoil.
Men leave the state of nature
to form governments. They give
up a degree of freedom in return
for the protection of law.
Ettrapolating from Locke, we
can say that the various nations
are and have always been in a
similar state of nature, a state of
chaos. Centuries of disorder have
led to national rivalries and con-
tinual war.
EUROPE HAS been especially
ravaged, up to and including the
bloodiest war of all time, World
War II. She has finally learned
that the only way to submerge
the rivalries is to unite the na-
tions which form them. It is very
important that she reach her goal.
From there she must broaden
her base until one Europe becomes
one Atlantic Community, becomes
one world.
Certainly the skeptics consider
the idea of world government
nothing but a dreamer's fantasy.
But the Common Market was
scorned, too.
The point is that we cannot dis-
miss every 'ideal as hopeless. To
accept the status quo is to deny
progress. To deny progress is to
condemn mankind to a future of
hatred, a future of disaster. We
can never afford such complacen-
World government is doubtless
beyond the possibilities of our life-
time. But the idea must be' nur-
tured. If we remain in a state of
chaos, nothing can prevent atomic
A united Europe is a big step
along the road away from such a
war. It is 'a big step toward peace

To the editor:
years seeking an education
which is his by formal right of
citizenship. More than $25,000 in
legal and related expenditure was
required to get him this far,
standing at the Ole Miss gate.
Now, perhaps permanently, his
life is in terrible danger. What
grates about the Meredith inci-
dent, fundamentally is not the
legal issue; not the behavior of
Ross Barnett and his troops; not
even the potential fissure of the
Democratic Party. These are im-
portant, but temporarily abstract.
What grates now is the presence
of The Absurd, always latent in
racist social relations, which is
so manifest in the present situa-
tion: the massing of military and
legal defenses, the chanting of the
Jackson newspapers, the charging
crowds in Oxford, the white stu-
dents trying to attend classes but
attending nothing but a single
problem-the problem embodied
in the small black man waiting
so quietly at the gate.
* * *
SOME white students at Texas
Christian University, in F o r t
Worth, feel horror at the pro-
tracted battle in Mississippi. They
will wear arm bands Monday to
signify their approval of desegra-
gating Ole Miss.
By doing so, they will be ac-
cepting the discomfort of indi-
vidual responsibility in their own
way, as white Southerners. They
are asking the United States Na-
tional Student Association, Stu-
dents for a Democratic 'Society,
and people generally to do some
little act-private or public-to-

morrow to signify their committ-
ment to a rapid solution to
America's racial problem.
As Meredith goes again to
Oxford, what might we do here?
,We suggest the following:
* *f *
BECOME acquainted with the
work of local civil rights organi-
zations: CORE, the NAACP, the
Human Relations Board, and es-
pecially the new tutorial opera-
tion which will attempt to im-
prove the educational experience
of Negro youth in Ann Arbor;
Write the Justice Department
demanding an investigation and
release of Clyde' Kennard., who
tried to desegregate Mississippi
Southern in 1960 and tlgerefore
was sentenced to seven years im-
prisonment for "stealing chicken
feed." Demand, too, a full-scale
search for the murderers of four
Negroes who have been killed in
Mississippi this year for their
work in civil rights.
Buy a copy of the Student Non-
violent Coordinating Committee's
record about Albany, Ga., from
Miss Martha Prescod at Osterweil
Coop. Also subscribe to one or
two militant Negro magazines to
become better informed.
* * *
WRITE President Kennedy ask-
ing him to withdraw political
privilege from any Democrat who
does not support desegregation
of Ole Miss now. This list so far
includes Mississippi S e n a t o r s
Eastland and Stennis, all of the
recently-elected congressional del-
egation from the Magnolia State,
Alabama's Governor Patterson,
and Florida's Governor Bryant.
Several of these men have deter-

mining effects on the implementa-
tion of the Democratic Party civil
rights platform, through their
seniority and prestige.
Look again at a recent news-
paper. Place yourself in the front-
page picture between the helmet-
ed state police and the clusters
of angry Mississippians. Imagine
being asked: "What do you think
of this nigger business? You a
son-of-a-bitch race mixer or a
man?" Ask yourself what the
answer would be.
If Meredith can go again to
Oxford, if students at TCU and
other white Southern schools canj
expose their convictions to a
hostile society, what can we do
but follow?
-Tom and Sandra Hayden
To the Editor:
IN READING Miss Wacker's edi-
torial on accepted procedure at
"sit-down" dinners in Betsy Bar-
bour, I couldn't help but laugh. Is
she seriously suggesting that a
clean face, clean hands, clean
clothes, combed hair and, yes,
even clean fingernails, are expec-
tations of an adult woman- (and
I'm sure Miss Wacker wishes' to
consider herself adult) -unique to
"midwestern, middle class stand-
ards of social excellence and ac-
If so, pray please tell, Miss
Wacker, where in Western society
one might go where the converse
of these "standards" is predomin-
ately accepted. I know several
eight and nine year olds who
would appreciate their parents'
moving there.
I suppose this admittedly face-
tious question does not do justice
to Miss Wacker's editorial. In fair-
ness, I should try to find some gem
of truthhstemming from her ar-
ticle. In so attempting, I should
suggest that if the purpose of the
dinner regulations be to make "la-
dies" out of young women attend-
ing the University, that purpose
obviously is not (and perhaps can-
not be) totally successful. For, as
evidenced by Miss Wacker's rather
sophomorically presented editorial,
the regulations - (to use her
words) - "sure as hell" didn't, or
couldn't make a lady out of her.
-Jim Worthington, Grad
Football.. ..
To the Editor:
THIS YEAR, and for the first
time thatI can remember, stu-
dents who want their football tick-
ets are forced to pay a levy of one
dollar, which goes into the Ath-
letic Fund.
I think that this is quite dis-
graceful, seeing that the Fund
also is subsidized from tuition
monies. This new surcharge would
seem to indicate that the student
body is not supporting the athlet-
ic department enough, or alterna-
tively that the department desires
to give out a few more athletic
Whichever is the case, I see no
reason to force support-extra
support-of an activity if the sup-
port does not come voluntarily. It
is enough that money isdeducted
from each and every student's

Mississippi Nullification

Film Haunting

THE GOVERNOR of Mississippi,
Ross Barnett, has raised again
the question which was posed at
Little Rock five years ago. It is
whether a state may use its own
police and military forces to nulli-
fy the law of the land. President
Eisenhower defined the issue in
1957 when he said that "the po-
lice powers of the State of Arkan-
sas" have been "utilized . ..to
frustrate'the order of the court."
The position taken by Gov. Fau-
bus five years ago and by Gov.
Barnett today has never, I think,
been advocated or justified by the
national leaders of Southern opin-
President Kennedy, like Presi-
dent Eisenhower before him, would
be false to his own oath of office
if he allowed the theory of nullifi-
cation by force to go unchallenged
and become a precedent.
BENEATH and behind this high
constitutional issue the Mississippi
case is in several important ways
much worse than the Little Rock
case. For one thing, at Little Rock
the question was the integration
of a co-educational high school.
In Mississippi, the question is in
fact whether there shall be token

when the Supreme Court rendered
its decision against segregation in
the public schools, it was a tragic
mistake - by the President, the
Congress, and public opinion - to
dump the enforcement helter-skel-
ter and through private law suits
into the courts. "Integration," I
wrote several years ago, "is a prob-
lem in persuasion and consent.
which cannot be solvedby injunc-
tions and soldiers." We should be
"asking ourselves whether the de--
cision of the Supreme Court does
not need to be supplemented" by
a national policy and program of
guidance and aid as to when,
where, how far, and how fast in-
tegration should proceed in differ-
ent school districts, and at the
various levels of the elementary
school, the high school, the college,
and the professional schools.
* * *
"THE WISEST policy is to pro-
ceed by stages, beginning as soon
as possible with integration in the
universities, in the g r a d u a t e
schools of law, medicine, educa-
tion, engineering, theology - and,
where it can be done without caus-
sing social convulsions, in the big-
ger colleges. The object of this
would be to train a new genera-
tion of white and colored men and
women who will be leaders in their

a bittersweet film displaying
an unusual assortment of fresh,
young craftsmen-or at least
craftsmen new to. American aud-
iences who are not familiar with
the middle-aged English actress,
Dora Bryan.
The cast has been much lauded.
Dora Bryan won the British Aca-
demy for acting, and the entire
cast was awarded the Best Film
Performance Award at the Cannes
Film Festival-a first for the Can-
nes Festival which has previously
not offered the award. .
Miss Bryan is marvelously baw-
dy and decadent, but gentle
enough so as to be believable when
she feels twinges of responsibility
toward her daughter. As the
daughter, Rita Aushingham has
the difficult assignment of follow-
ing Frances Kucka (the London
production) and Joan Plowright
(the New York production) who
both gave sensitive performances.
But newcomer Tuchingham need
not fear any comparisons, for she
has the hardness of Miss Kucka,
the charm of Miss Plowright, and
the most fascinating eyes since
Audrey Hepburn.
T m m * * , * ,

ly a teddy bear and nursery rhyme
for comfort. Obviously, such an
uncomplicated, controversial story
demands cgnsiderable skill to re-
main theatrical and yet avoid the
The theatricality can not be de-
nied, but the naive approach to
racial prejudice and homosexual-
ity verged on the embarrassing.
However, Tony Richardson's
adaptation not only transfers the
best of Miss Delaney's charm and
insight but also discards nearly
all of. the unpleasant dialogue.
(e.g. Girl to homosexual: 'You'd
m a k e somebody a wonderful
wife.") Curiously, he changes the
final scene of the script from a
rather depressing note to a slight-
ly optimistic tone.
* *
RICHARDSON also directs the
picture with a sure hand that
selects detail with meaningful dis-
cretion and controls crowds of
children as if they were a modern
choreographed G r e e k chorus.
Some of his shots-for example
the couple looking at the sunlight
from an echoing, dark tunnel-
were so startling that the aud-
ience gasped. The contrast be-
tween the expanse of the outside

f I

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