Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL LXXV, No. 85 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1964 SEVEN CENTS
In Civil Ri hts Murder
THE MAN ON THE LEFT, Roy Wilkins, reacted with "deep
shock" yesterday as charges against the man on the right,
Lawrence Rainey, were dismissed. Wilkins, who is the executive
director of the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People condemned a U.S. Commissioner's release of
Rainey, a sheriff, along with 18 other men charged with slaying
three civil rights workers.
'U'o Delay fund Bid
For New .LSA Building
By LEONARD PRATT
The University probably will postpone its ; request for $750,000
in feeral funds until later this spring, according to Richard
Schwarz, University planning analyst.
Previous plans had called for submission of the application by
Schwartz said that the lengthy application procedures required by
the state's Higher Education Facilities Commission, whose ap-
* proval is necessary for granting of
the funds, will make it nearly im-
Ai- possible t meet this deadline.
Schwarz also confirmed that the
funds are being requested to begin
RWs Bconstruction of a 135,000 square
sh f o o t combined undergraduate
classroom, library and office
The Frate ty Presidents' Asso- building on the lot north of Hill
the Fraternit predtAs- Aud. Total cost of this building
ciation last night approved three has been estimated at $4 million.
which were submitted by the In- If this grant is approved for the
terfraternity Council rush com- maximum amount, the state and
mitte. federal governments will each con-
Ttee. . . tribute $750,000 toward the cost
The group of fraternity presi- °f the building-enough to begin
dents and IFC executive officers planning and early construction
defeated a fourth proposal, n- stages.
itiated at the meeting, which The money is being provided
would have removed current bid- to the state under the federal
ding restrictions. Higher Education Facilities Act.
Laying the ground rules for The act has four "titles" or ad-
their spring rush, the FPA ac- ministrative divisions; the Uni-
cepted these three proposals which versity is making this application
will be incorporated into the IFC under Title I of the act, that sec-
bylaws: tion dealing with undergraduate
-They restricted the first Sun- facilities. $10.2 million has been
day and Monday of rush to non- allocated to Michigan under Title
invitation "open houses," replac- I, of which some $7.9 million is
ing the current rule which per- reserved to the public colleges and
mits smokers to be conducted on universities.
these dates whereby houses may By law, each state participating
invite rushees to return; in Title I of the plan is required
-They required each fraternity to appoint a state commission to
to provide three rush counselors, determine the relative priorities
unless special exemption is grant- of projects.
ed, instead of the current one
counselor so that the counselor- Re ents To 111(
rushee ratio may be reduced; and
-They made it mandatory that Monthly Meeting
pledge registration cards be sub-
mitted one week after the pledge The Regents will hold their
signs up with the fraternity, thus monthly meeting at 2 p.m. next
speeding up statistical complica- Friday in the Regents room of the
tions of the rush. Administration Bldg.
Taking Evidence To
Federal Grand Jury
MERIDIAN, Miss. (')-A U.S.
Commissioner dismissed charges
yesterday against 19 white men
arrested last week in connection
with the midsummer slaying of
three civil rights workers in
Surprised by an abrupt turn in
a preliminary hearing for 19 of
the 21 men, the Justice Depart-
ment announced it would take its
case directly to a federal grand
Jury as soon as possible.
Miss Esther Carter, the Federal
Commissioner, blocked govern-
ment efforts to give testimony
about an alleged confession from
one of the men the FBI charges
with helping to conceive and
carry out a Klan-inspired plot to
murder the trio.
FBI agent Henry Rask of At-
lanta was permitted only to testify
that he had obtained "a signed
confession" from Horace Barnette,
who was charged in a federal com-
plaint with conspiring to violate
the civil rights of two white New
Yorkers and a Meridian Negro.
With this issue The Daily
completes. its publication for
this term. Next term's Daily
will begin with two free pre-
view editions Jan. 7 and 8; the
first regular issue will be out
"We will simply not produce any
more evidence," said Robert Owen,
a Justice Department attorney,
after Miss Carter's ruling.
The commissioner then dismiss-
ed the charges and ordered the
bonds-which ranged from $3500
to $5000-refunded. The 19 men
walked out free men just six
days after their arrests.
They included Neshoba County
Sheriff Lawrence Rainey and his
deputy Cecil Price.
In a joint statement, the 14
defense attorneys claimed the
commissioner's ruling showed in
effect their clients were innocent.
The statement charged that the
government is "playing politics
with the lives of these people."
The statement claimed Negro
leader Dr. Martin Luther King
had put "pressure" on President
Johnson and FBI crief J. Edgar
Hoover to get arrests.
Justice Department attorneys
said they would put their evidence
before a federal grand jury "as
promptly as possible." It will be
up to U.S. Dist. Judge Harold
Cox at Jackson to convene a grand
In New York, Roy Wilkins, ex-
ecutive director of the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, expressed shock
over dismissal of the
MOSCOW ()-Deputies of the
Supreme Soviet, Russia's parlia-
ment, unleashed a cascade of cri-
ticism yesterday, blaming poor
living conditions on bad economic
Attacks on bureaucratic bung-
ling and local problems were the
most severe heard here in several
Speakers followed the line hand-
ed down yesterday by Premier
Alexei I. Kosygin in his address
opening the session and setting its
In this speech, Kosygin had
continued the Khrushchev em-
phasis on providing more and
better consumer goods and a ris-
ing standard of living.
He promised economic liberalism
and less rigid centralized plan-
ning, greater material incentives
for good work and more things
like refrigerators and television
sets for the masses.
Deputies made no further corn-
ment on Kosygin's announced
plan to cut Soviet military spend-
ing next year by 500 million
rubles ($555 million). Theynseem-
ed more interested in his pledge
to improve living conditions.
Virtually all criticized local con-
ditions and expressed confidence
that next year's budget would imi-
prove living standards.
N. N. Kachalov, a deputy pre-
mier of the Russian Federation,
largest of the Soviet republics,
criticized centralized planning
systems. He cited a plant that
was supposed to be built by the
middle of next year but supplies
to build the plant, he said, will
not arrive until the middle of next
He also criticized the 1965 bud-
The new budget will provide for
sharp increases in housing appro-
priations. It calls for wage in-
creases,-more consumer goods of
better quality and other steps to
improve living standards.
Wrangling over proposals to
scrap Khrushchev's controversial
1957 economic reforms also broke
Georgy I. Popov, First Secretary
of the Leningrad Party Organiza-
tion, staunchly opposed a pro-
If you're still living by a
University calendar which was
mailed out last year, you're
probably expecting to stay
away from Ann Arbor until the
middle of January.
Don't try it.
That calendar is wrong. Since
it was distributed, the Regents
have revised the calendar in
order to implement trimester
plans. Registration now begins
on Monday, Jan. 4; classes
start Thursday, Jan. 7.
A full calendar for the com-
ing term, along with exam and
library hours, this term's exam
schedule and a partial regis-
tration schedule for next term,
can be found inside this morn-
posal to put heavy industrial
plants back under the direction of
central administrative organs.
Khrushchev in 1957 wrecked the
system of administration by in-
dustrial industries he inherited
from Stalin's day despite vigorous
He split the country into terri-
torial economic regions.
FREEDOM SPEECH MOVEMENT LEADER MARIO SAVIO (standing) told a throng on the Diag yesterday that Berkeley students
struggled to show that "the First Amendment doesn't limit freedom of speech-it limits the limits you can impose on that freedom."
Later, Savio and Steve Weissman (right photo) blasted California President Clark Kerr's idea of a "Multiversity," pointing out how
it fomented student action there.
Protestors Blast Berkeley Officials
-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
In Diag Speech Savio Criticizes
Kerr's Concept of Education Factory
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
The leaders of the Berkeley Free Speech Movement yesterday
asked Ann Arbor support for their fight "to wrangle first amendment
freedoms from an unresponsive bureaucracy."
In a series of speeches before 2000 students thronged on the Diag,
Mario Savio, Steve Weissman, Suzanne Goldberg and Bettina Ape-
theker of the FSM asked for financial and "warm body" support for
their protest. It began nearly three months ago when the Berkeley
administration invoked an old but dormant restriction against political
activity on the campus.
The students, assembled on the Diag to witness the first
of a series of college campus appearances, provided nearly $150
In Informal Talk Later, Weissman
Condemns 'Multiversity,' Sees Reform
By KENNETH WINTER
What now for Berkeley-and Ann Arbor?
Wearing casually the apparent success of their recent protest
against political regulations on the University of California's Berkeley
campus, the leaders of Berkeley's Free Speech Movement yesterday
looked to the future.
In an informal discussion at the Michigan Union, they outlined
their plans for action on broader issues and urged local students to
press for a more "human" Univer-
The University plans no dis-
ciplinary action against the stu-
dents who brought Free Speech
Movement leaders here yesterday
for unauthorized appearances on
the Diag and in the Michigan
"Our.attitude is that they came,
they spoke and they left, and
that's the end of it," Vice-
President for Student Affairs
Richard L. Cutler said last night.
Under University regulations, all
campus events are to be sponsored
by recognized student organiza-
tions and calendared in advance.
Yesterday's appearances were not
calendared, and an official said
yesterday afternoon that so far
as he knew "no local organization
officially sponsored them."
Many of the students who ar-
ranged the appearance are mem-
bers of Voice Political Party, but
the event was not an official Voice
function. Savio was en rmute to
New York for a nationwide tele-
vision appearance. While his trip
there was financed by the tele-
vision network, his side trip here
was paid for by Students for a
Democratic Society, of which
Voice is the local affiliate.
Despite reports that over 100
plainclothesmen from the Federal
Bureau of Investigation and other
agencies were among the Diag
crowd, Cutler said the University
had not called in, and was un-
aware of the presence of, any out-
side authorities. Detroit FBI head-
quarters denied having any agents
in a hat which Miss Apetheker
passed around. It was Weissman
who appealed for students here
to demonstrate and urge Univer-
sity President Harlan Hatcher to
support the FSM cause.
The specific demonstration he
advocated would come just before
the California Regents, governing
body of Berkeley, meet to re-
solve the controversy on Dec. 18.
They will be viewing a proposal
submitted by the institution's fac-
ulty senate which supports student
demands, including the right to
.advocate illegal activities on cam-
pus without fear of administra-
"Our struggle has been to con-
vince (California President) Clark
Kerr that the First Amendment
doesn't limit freedom of speech-
it limits the limits you can im-
pose on that freedom,"
Savio blasted Kerr for being a
"political compromiser" and "la-
bor-management negotiator" in
the student dispute.
"He is hardly an intellectual,"
Savio said, "but he is well-skilled
in the techniques of balancing off
the Regents against the state leg-
islature, the faculty against the
students and the students against
Savio also accused Kerr of be-,
ing the "ideologist of a new form
of tyranny-the 'multiversity'."
This concept takes a factory view
of education, Savio said. It holds
that the institution is a knowl-
edge factory which has a presi-
dent (Kerr), a board of direc-
tors (regents), employes (faculty)
and raw materials (undergradu-
ates) to be made into a product.,
What has developed in an across
the board service factory for Cali-
fornia industry, "but some of us-
like me-have no place,",he ob-
sity here. The discussion followed
the noon speeches on the Diag.
On either campus, they argued,
independent student groups must
get 'together with concerned fac-
ulty members to discuss what is
wrong with their university and to
draft specific proposals to correct
the defects. In seeking broad uni-
versity refornis, protests such as
Berkeley's should not be the first
step, FSM leader Mario Savio said.
"We need dialogue and commit-
tee meetings as much as the ad-
ministration does. If the admin-
istration refuses to endorse re-
sponsible proposals, then we can
use demonstrations and civil dis-
obedience. But I don't think we'd
be wise to use .them now," Savio
But when there is a specific is-
sue needing protest, that action
must be. bold and decisive, the
organizer of several massive sit-
ins, pickets and rallies continued.
"We were told that our dem-
onstrations would alienate faculty
members and people in the 'lib-
eral community.' It Just wasn't the
case.a Decisive action is so rare
in our society that whenever we
took some decisive action we gal-
vanized the faculty," Savio assert-
ed. He claimed students' action
turned the faculty's passive intel-
lectual sympathy for the "free
speech" position into a "real emo-
Former University student Steve
Weissman, head of the new Grad-
uate Coordinating Committee,
which organized a teaching as-
sistants' strike at Berkeley, il-
lustrated this point by recalling
an incident which occurred when
1100 students sat in at the Berke-
ley administration building.
"The dean of the graduate
school walked out of his office,
and there was his chief research
assistant lying on the floor. There
was someone for whom the dean
See FSM, Page 9
By MERLE JACOB
The Student Action League hay
shifted its major emphasis from
pressuring the University on stu-
dent problems here to working on
state-wide educational problems
by pressuring the state Legisla-
ture, Barry Bluestone, chairman
of SAL, said yesterday.
Since its conception two months
ago, SAL has worked on alleged
student grievances stemming from
low student wages, overcrowded
housing, off-campus housing and
high living costs.
Bluestone explained that SAL
has shifted its goals since the ad-
ministration has become more
willing 'to consider student griev-
ances. He cited the University's
proposal to raise student wages to
$1.15 in 1966 and $1.25 in 1967,
and President Harlan Hatcher's
appointment of a "blue ribbon"
committee to consider off-campus
"We feel that many of the uni-
versities' problems stem from in-
adequate allocations from the
state Legislature," he explained.
Bluestone said that in talks
with President Hatcher, Vice-
President for Student Affairs
Richard Cutler, and other admin-
istrators, the men approved the
goal of SAL.
The group hopes to have defi-
nite plans set by the end of Janu-
ary. At the present, members of
SAL are working on separate pro-
posals of action.
A number of the plans now un-
der consideration include:
-Setting up organizations at
all other state universities, or
having just Michigan State Uni-
versity, Wayne State University,
See SAL, Page 9
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EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second of two article
at the University.
By LOUISE LIND
Assistant Editorial Director
Although 1964 was primarily a year for
University, six issues and events not directly
made important news on campus.
Specifically, the state Legislature approved a
r operating budget for the University's 1964-65
host of important appointments were made in
the University made preparations for its 150th b
in 1967, University President Harlan Hatcher r
convocation, final steps were taken toward an
of the Michigan Union and Women's League a
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s reviewing the year The University this year is seeking a $55.7 million operating
budget and $14 million for capital outlay for next year. The operating
budget request is geared to an expected student enrollment of 30,900.
Significantly, both Wayne State and Michigan State universities
expansion at the are seeking extra funds from the Legislature to handle increased
related to growth enrollment anticipated for the 1965-66 operating year. The University
raised its enrollment expectations but has requested no extra funds.
record $44 million Meanwhile, the University is joining the other nine state-
academic year, a supported Michigan schools in a cooperative effort to submit a
the administration, total state education budget to the Legislature in succeeding years.
irthday celebration If finalized, the plan will enable these 10 schools to help eliminate
evived the student squabbles over state funds and place unified pressure on the
activities merger Lansing representatives to heed fund requests.
nd a small flurry A 2 - .
dean of the graduate school, following the retirement of Dean
Ralph A. Sawyer.
Spurr, formerly dean of the natural resources school, had
worked part-time with Vice-President for Academic Affairs Roger
Heyns since October, 1962. He was responsible for coordinating the.
shift to trimester operations.
In July, the Regents named Prof. A. Geoffrey Norman of the
botany department as the new vice-president for research, a second
post left vacant by the retirement of Sawyer.
Norman is a nationally known scientist and director of the
University's Botanical Gardens.
The Regents also voted to make Director of University Relations
Michael Radock a full vice-president.
In November, the Regents named Prof. Richard L. Cutler of
the nvrhnrv denartment a the new vice-nresident for student
of Kersting, Brown, Inc., a New York firm specializing in university
Under the direction of the Central Sesquicentennial Committee
formed in June, 1963, the 150th-year celebration will take place
in four campus-wide celebration periods and conferences, involving
alumni, educators, government representatives and guests.
In addition, each of the schools and colleges will sponsor their
own commemorative activities throughout the year.
President Hatcher attempted to increase communication between
the administration and students by holding the first student con-
vocation since 1920. Meeting with less than 200 students in Rackham
Lecture Hall in November, President Hatcher read from a brief
prepared text, and then answered questions from students for