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August 25, 1964 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-08-25

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a S f APrftbyear
WDUrn rcw,~fY~BojaD IN CORJ!IYoL-cw S~u rrP . cmo

A

Year of Change and

P, 5/5/ U 4

420 MAYNARD S- A AiiR, MZCIL

NEws PHoNE: 764-0552.

'a4s printed in The Michigan Ddiy express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the sdion-. This must be noted in al reprints.

.2, 1

NIGHT EDITOR: KENNETH WINTER

c US-TU

._ .

Reflections fo r aMember
i the Freshman Class of 1964

3S THAN A YEAR ago you were
usily engaged in filling out appli-
ons to colleges all over the coun-
A number of the forms included
following question or something
it: "Why do you want to go to
ee.
doubt that you were satisfied with
r answer; you were probably irked
he question. But in the next four
s you will undergo at least some
ee of pain as you .begin to see that
ege is not -just an automatic exten-
, of 12 sheltered years of education.
ou'll gradually assume more and
e responsibility for your own life.
11' be faced with difficult choices,
as you make them,.you'll see other
ons disappearing-your range of
ton will narrow.
s you look back on your "decision"
o to college, you'll see that many
igs which were open to you then
open no longer. You'll wonder why
came here. You may even leave,
king to regainan initiative, a con-
over. yourself which perhaps never
ted.
"Why do you want to go to col-
ge? (Please answer in 300 words
r less on the back of the page.)"
) LONGER can anyone claim, as
Francis Bacon did, "I have taken all
wledge for my province." Knowl-
e is disseminating at a fantastic
e in all directions. The gulf be-
en the sciences and the arts, is an
ablished fact. In coming years there
1 be a growing gulf between sciences
i e'ven within each science.

Whatever its other connotations, ed-
ucation is above all else the only means
to tear down the barriers of ignorance'
which have so harmed the individual.
Knowledge leads to reason, and the
processes of reason, however slowly,
argue against fear, prejudice, violence
the forces of darkness.
"Why do you want to go to col-
lege? (Please answer in 300 words
or less on the back of the page.)"
THE DANGER of going to the Uni-
versity of Michigan lies in the size
of the institution. Sprawling over 20,-
000 acres of land, 17 schools and col-
leges conduct a $147 million business
of education in the University name. If
the scope of education is growing in-
creasingly complex, nowhere is this
happening with both more potential
and more potential confusion than in
the community of 30,000 scholars
known as Ann Arbor.
Education takes many forms, but
you should never let any of them cloud.
the one central purpose of the learn-
ing process. Never get so lost in one
corner of the University that you fail
to understand the: tremendous import-
ance of man's mind as the only tool,
ableto provide you with a measure of
security and a standard for judgments.
Over and- above any course require-
ment, over and above the most intense
specialization in the most obscure area
of knowledge, you must develop a sen-
sitivity to the value of the individual
human being. You must develop an
awareness and an understanding of,
the complex world society which. al-
ready claims you. You miist be ready to
act against anyone who would estab.,
lish arbitrary doctrines to replace rea-
son and thought.

By KENNETH WINTER
Managing Editor
IME DORIC columns of Angell
Hall and the hard steel geom-
etryof NorthCampusyas
of the established and enduring,
tell something about the Univer-
sity of Michigan. Just as they un-1
doubtedly will be standing, un-
changed, in September of 1965, so
the University in many respects
will be the same place it is now.
But these symbols tell only half1
of the story. Beneath the Univer-
sity's facade of permanence and,
certainty, the next 12 months will
be a time of change and question-,
ing, a time of crucial decisions
which will determine the nature of
tomorrow's facade and of the real-
ities which will underlie it.
Just what direction the changes
will take is less certain, but a few
predictions seem reasonably safe.
The following are among the im-
portant developments to watch for
in 1964-65.
* * *
TO BEGIN, consider the Uni-
versity as one of 10 taxsupported
institutions of higher education in
the state. This college system is
beset with two crises which are
coming to a head.
First, the postwar "baby boom"
is now sweeping through the col-
leges, creating a desperate need
for more teachers, more labora-
tories, more dormitories-and con-
sequently, more money. Second,
the college system is torn by often-
bitter conflict among its 10 in-
stitutions. These battles-particu-
larly between the University and
Michigan State University-have
impeded progress, wasted taxpay-
ers' money and blackened the
name of higher education.
Gov. George Romney some 18
months ago gathered together
some 50 of the state's leading
citizens in a committee and asked
them to measure the magnitude
of the enrollment crisis and to
find a way to- end this fraternal
strife. The report of this "blue-
ribbon group is due in Septem-
ber, with the weight of these
VIPs behind it, the report should
be a milestone in the history of
Michigan higher education.
BUT WHILE the truce team
seeks to end it, the war will con-
tinue. Concerned about MSIJ's
quite successful attempts to lure
top students'to at Lansin, the
University will step up its own
recruiting efforts. If the "blue-
ribbon" committee doesn't come
out too strongly against the dea,
the University may again consider
setting up more branches (it al-
ready has two) around the state-
and again will touch off a battle
with the, other schools for "ter-
ritory." The year will climax in
the spring, when the schools will
battle each other for a bigger cut
of the state's higher education
budget.
They'll also be. battling legis-
lative conservatism, and this may
be a key year in that contest. For
seven years-from 1957-58 through
1963-64 - meagerappropriations
have put state colleges on aus-
terity budgets. Last spring, goaded
by a preliminary "blue-ribbon"
committee recommendation, the
lowmakers ended the "lean years,"
increasing hig h e r education's
1964-65 outlay by more than $21
million.
The question now is whether
this generosity was only momen-
tary or whether it reflected a more
permanent and sympathetic un-
derstanding of higher education's
financial, needs. The 1965-66 ap-
propriation, due sometime in
April, will tell.
* * *

Amid an Unprecedented Enrollment Boom,
The University Will Turn Introspective

fessors seem to prefer the lab to
the classroom, this will be more
and more an uphill battle,
* * *
THE SECOND vice-presidency is
not yet. vacant, but will be some-
time this year when Vice-Presi-
dent for Student Affairs James
A. Lewis carries through his plan
to return to teaching. Lewis' suc-
cessor will find himself in a hot
seat: the administration of ┬░stu-
dent affairs here-has always been
a subject of impassioned contro-
versy, and the vice-president has
borne the wrath of both sides of
the battle.
On one side are those who feel
students are still children and
demand that the University act"
"in loco parentis" (in place of
parents), regulating the student's
private life and making many of
his decisions for him. The other
side, which is slowly winning out,
insists that students should be
treated as adults, with Univer-

of the things he does will make
news. A handful of students from
the 29,000, however, will frequent-
ly slip into the spotlight.
Among those are the 19 who sit
on Student Government Council.
The 10-year-old Council has never
been able to arouse much inter-
est among its constituents; its
only really provocative actions
have been in the area of frater-
nity-sorority discrimination. Now
it has set up a procedure to
handle such cases. So unless it
finds an actual case to try. (and
at least two fraternities clearly
are,. vulnerable to such action),
SGC this year may well find it-
self unable to think of anything
to do.
And the apathy toward the
Council will continue to turn in-
to contempt. Last year, one "abol-
ish SGC" movement gained some
momentum, then floundered when
leaders became flushed with im-
pending success and watered it
down into a mere "reform SGC"
movement. The movement did,
however, frighten the Council in-
to setting up a student-faculty-
administrative committee to "study
the 'process of student govern-
ment on this campus." Three of
the University's most liberaland
imaginative faculty members are
in. the group. When this commit-
tee's report coms out, sometime
before March of 1965, it should
contain some of the answers to
the Council'sedoldrums. For SGC's
sake, it had better: the next abo-
lition movement is likely to suc-
ceed.
* * *
SGC ISN'T THE ONLY student
group in trouble. At every level,
down to the smallest hobby club,
student activities are feeling the
pressures of increased academic
competition and the. stepped-up
pace of the new trimester calen-
"da. Despite the student popula-,
tion explosion, student leaders al-
most unanimously fear that their
organizations no longer are at-
tracting the quality and quantity
of personnel they once drew.
Some of the top student leaders
formed an alliance last sprinrg to
combat the attrition rate in their
organizations. So far it has gone
almost nowhere. But watch this
yearafor much stronger attempts
to save extra-curricular activities
from death by starvation.
In the long run;, chances are,
the more serious and educational
student groups will survive and be-
come more closely integrated with
classroom education. The opera-
tion of the" more frivolous events,
such as the carnival weekends, will
gradually be taken over by pro-
fessionals. These events will still
be. run for students' amusement,
but less and less by students.
These predictions seem plausi-
ble for two reasons: 1) Students
are becoming more and more ma-
ture. Already having built floats
and sponsored dances in high
school, they no longer find such
activities particularly exciting. 2)
Student - affairs administrators,
whose cooperation may be essen-
' tial to saving an organization, will
look with much less favor on the
non-educational activities than on
those which contribute to the
learning process.
,* * * .
TWO MAJOR' organizations will
attempt to join forces as the
men's campus center, the Michi-
gan Union, continues to move

closer to a full-fledged merger with
the Women's League. At the same
time, both organizations may move
out from under the. control of
students. This has already hap-
pened to some extent in the Un-
ion, and the new North Campus
student-faculty center, now under
construction, apparently will be-
come reality without any student
participation whatsoever. On Cen-
tral Campus, we can ultimately
expect to see a merged "co-edu-
cational union" which will be little
more than a complex student-
activities group working within a
co-educational Union building no
longer run by students but by pro-
fessionals.
Outside the permanent student
organizations, University students
will make news in 1964-65 through
their political activities, with em-
phasis on racial issues.
Much of this activity will fo-
cus, not on the University, but on
other people in Ann Arbor -
mainly businessmen and landlords
-allegedly practicing some sore
of racial discrimination. The lib-
eral political groups, always the
most active, also will stress peace
and poverty issues. And the as-
cendancy of Barry Goldwater may
give new life to such conserva-
tive groups as the Young Ameri-
cans for Freedom.
* * *
BY FAR THE MOST encourag-
ing trend this year will be the
trend toward deeper and more
genuine questioning-by adminis-
trators, faculty members and even
students-of the fundamental pur-
poses and methods of the Uni-
versity. And better' yet, there
seems to be an unprecedented
propensity to go beyond mere talk,
to take action to improve the
cuality of University education.For
example:
-The literary college will con-
tinue planning its new residential
college. This will be a small, self-
contained liberal-arts college, lo-
cated near.the University cam-
pus,daimed at incorporating both
the benefits of a small college and
the opportunities of a large uni-
versity. And more: within its walls,
a yo~ung and vigorous faculty will
work to implement the newest and
most radical educational innova-
tions. It should be an exciting
place.
1964-65 will be a year of re-
search and planning for the new
college. Its founding fathers are
currently examining other at-
tempts at educational innovation
-successful and otherwise - to
find new ideas to adopt and un-
successful ideas to avoid. The
residential college may admit its
first students in September, 1965,
but if its leaders decide to wait for
a brand-new building--as they
probably. will-opening day will
be postponed until at least 1967.
* * *
-VICE-PRESIDENT Heyns has
assembled a high-level University
committee to lookto the Univer-
sity's future. Composed of' the
deans of the schools and colleges
plus key administrators, this group
is trying to assemble a detailed
picture of what the University
should be in 1968 and in 1975,
- and to decide what it must do to
get there. They too are working in
secret. But there already has been
one leak (tentative enrollment
projections, estimating the Uni-
versity's 1975 student population
at around 47,500), and we can ex-
pect, with or without the group's

consent, to hear about mor
its speculations this year.
-- On another admInisi
level, then University' la
teaching division also l
take some soul-s'erhnt-W4
erary college last sprig
top faculty membes in ,
"Committee on Long-Range
cy and Planning." This group
explore such weighty questios
the fate of liberal educato:
a world of specialization, the
lems and possibilities resu
from expansion and the niee
new organizational plans (one
sibility: chopping the whole'
lege into small residential
leges).
-AT THE SAME TIME, th
erary college's faculty, again
scrutinize the college's dist
tion requirements, the reg la
which compel students to ta
certain number of courses in
of several fields of study.
idea behind them is to brc
students' horizons by forzing
into contact with diverse
of knowledge. The problmi
this attempt to rcbe U
education generates more re
ment than enthusiasm: stu
become more concerned with
ting the requirements out o:
way" than with learning.
The faculty modified deust
tion requirements only two
ago, but the changes merel:
modeled the dilemma. This
of debates promises more dra
results, for the literary col
curriculum committee has sus
ed that the college must sta
deciding between two basicall:
ferent alternatives:
1) It can abandon the id
trying to force a liberal educ
on everyone, and instead let
department set its own re
ments. Given the self-centere
and professionalism of mne
partments, this would be a
step toward even greater p
Ization for undergraduates.
2) If it wants to retain th
of a broad, liberal educati
must put such a program 1
the college-wide control of e
tors dedicated to breadth i
than specialization. These I
would plan a true liberalar
riculum to replace the piotpov i
specialized courses which sty
now are pushed through i
name of liberal education.
With .these alternaties-
the innumerable others whic
'arise - the debate promises
long and interesting. But
unfortunately, it will be held
ly behind closed doors.
* * *
--OTHER UNIVERSSITY
sions, notably the education s
pharmacy college and ar
ture and design college, als
be in various, stages of intri
tion. These schools' goals -
training of professionals in
ous disciplines-are more
defined, so their self-studie
be less revolutionary than
in the literary college. Nev
less, they too can be exj
to have significant impacts
schools' curricula "
All of these re-evaluations-
ticularly those concerned wi
eral education-are long.o',
Compared to other centers of
er education, the University
fine job of educating its :stt
Compared to what it'co l
should be doing, it falls far
Perhaps the sort of peopl
initiated these studies can
it closer to the ideal.
As one observer put it,"
a great university only b
there are enough people her
the sensitivity and intellige
realize that it isn't."

>n of any one field
of specialization t
e for studying deve
areas. The result?
ciologista -nuclear
blic health scientis
iey may all play bri
have little else in c
SS, this is still a U
are entering, and tY
your education wi
y individual field

re-
that
iOn-

Put DO NOT PROPOSE| such "musts" as
en- an altruistic exercise. They are total-.
t in ly selfish. To maintain your own free-
dge; dom of action, you must jealously de-
om- fend and extend order by reason. Your
future essentially depends on the pre-
dictability of your environment, and.
INI- irrational, arbitrary order--order by
here whim-assures nothing but chaos.
hich "The best time for a free society,"
of Carl Van Doren once wrote, "is-the
time when everybody believes it makes
a difference what he thinks and knows.
kind The only insurance against disaster is
irbi- knowledge, widely diffused."
.son. The University is quite specifically
g is prepared to give you knowledge. At
mal. some uncertain point in the process
the you may see that what you think and
the know makes a difference. Then you'll
era, understand why you weut to college.
e tor
e -H. NEIL BERKSON

Tani
m a
rea
rinj

divine right of kings to
an right of dictators, from
tchhunts to the McCarthy
Church's war on scienc
h's war on the Negro, do
ed forth nothing but venon

Isaaea

Editor

aye Daily's Open Editorial Page;

IN THE BOUNDS of the libel laws
I the reaches of the imagination,
ig may appear on The Daily's edi-
age.
editorial policy is to have no edi-
olicy: each editorial presents the
tions, judgments and opinions of
er and of him alone&Occasionally,
Editorial Staff
H. NEIL BERKSON, Editor
TH WINTER EDWARD HERSTEIN
ging Editor Editorial Director
IRTZMAN ... ... ....Personnel Director
L SATTINGER .... Associate Managing Editor
ENNY ............Assistant Managing Editor'
H! BEAT=IE...Associate Editorial Director
LIND........Assistant Editorial Director in
Charge of the Magazine
LLARD ..................Sports Editor
WLAND .............. Associate Sports Editor
INER ............. Associate Sports Editor.
S TOWLE........ Contributing Sports Editor
Business Staff
)NATHON R. WHITE, Business Manager
PEL..........Associate Business Manager
OLDSTEIN ........Finance Manager
A JOHNSTON ............ Personnel Manager
PAUKER .............. Advertising Manager
GHEMNITZ ............ Systems Manager.
MANAGERS: Bonnie Cowan, Sue Crawford,
Feinberg, Judy Fields, Judy Grohne, Sue
, Pat Termini, Cy Welman.

two editorials will appear side by side
presenting diametrically opposed views on
the same issue.
Once in a great while an editorial will
appear signed simply "The Senior Edi-
tors." The views expressed in it are shared
'by the seniors unanimously; it is almost,
always concerned with an issue they con-
sider to be of greatest importance to the
campus. Nonetheless, an editorial by an-
other staff member completely disagree-
ing with the seniors may appear on the
same day.
Letters and guest editorials express-
ing all views on all issues are welcomed
by The Daily, and again their point of
view is not a criterion for publication.
HOWEVER, in the letters column as
with staff editorials, the freedom to
express any view is not the license to
have printed anything at all. The Daily's
editorial director has the responsibility
to see that everything on the editorial
page meets a high standard of clarity,
logic and writing quality. At times when
there is a surplus of editorial copy, the
editorial director's judgment of the im-
portance of the articles he has available
is also a factor.
But the primary responsibility for the

MEANWHILE, back in Ann
Arbor, the University will begin"
to enjoy the closest thing to an
ample budget it's had in years.
The $5.8 million increase will go
largely to tighten the presently
tenuous hold the University has
on some of its faculty members.
To do this, the University will
have to build its faculty salary
level,_ now, 21st in the country,
back toward the 4th place it oc-
cupied before the "lean years" set
in.
Some of the new dollars will go
to rejuvenate the library system,
plagued by overcrowding and per-
sonnel losses. Some will go to im-
plement the first full-fledged third
term, scheduled for next summer.
The latter move will be the final
maJor step' in the University's
transition to year-round opera-
tion.
But the University's hunger for
funds will remain unsatisfied, and
we can. expect it to lean- more
heavily on the federal government
and to turn, in a dramatic way,
toward still other sources of fi-
nancial support.
IN THE UPPER administration,
it will be a year of new faces. By
next June there . should be new
men in two of the seven vice-
presidencies, and though Univer-
sity President Harlan Hatcher
isn't slated to retire until 1967,
the question of who should suc-a
ceed him will begin to move quiet-
ly and unofficially, to the fore-
front.
The first new official, the vice-
president for research, will prob-
ably be announced In September;
in all likelihood the post will go
to a man not now connected with
the University.

sity regulations designed only to
preserve law and order-never to
shelter the student from the con-,
sequences of his own decisions.
The new vice-president will have,
to cotninue the transition from
"in loco parentis" to student free-
dom-a transition which seems to
be inherently bumpy.
e * *
AS THE NATION flashily pre-
pares to select its next president,
the. University will quietly begin
to look for its next chief execu-
tive-in a manner much more
discreet but in many ways no less
political. At this point, even to
mention the question is highly in-'
decorous, and University officials
will do all they can to see to it
that the public knows nothing
whatsoever about the selection-
process until it's all over. But al-,
ready the rumor mill is in oper-
ation, and within the next year
interested individuals and groups
will begin-in private, of course-
to choose up sides and plan their
strategies.
The man within the University
most generally rumored to have
"the inside track" is Vice-Presi-
dent for Academic Affairs Roger
W. Heyns. A man popular with
many faculty members, Heyns is
credited by many with pumping
new ideas and new life into the
upper administration since he as-
sumed the vice-presidency in 1962.
But five of the nine presidents
in the University's history came to
the presidency from other institu-
tions, and some feel it's better for
a president to start out with: the
sort of clean slate only an out-
sider can have. The game, in short,
has hardly started.
ANOTHER SEGMENT of the
University, the. faculty, will press
Its quest for a stronger voice in
University policy circles. After a
series of discussions starting this
fall, it will-probably by next
Spring-rebuild its representativ
structure. Chances are 'it will es-
tablish some version of a proposed
"representative assembly." As cur.
rently envisioned, the group woulc
be composed of 65 elected mem-
bers and would speak for the fac-
"ulty on University-wide issues
(For a more detailed analysis of
this problem, see the "Educatior
and Research" section.)
Whether or not this shake-up
will arouse the faculty from its
civic lethargy remains to be seen,
Some professors feel the new struc.
ture will be an inherently better
vehicle for faculty opinion. Oth.
ers hope that simply the idea 0:
having a' brand-new .organization
will stir faculty members' inter-
est. Most, frankly, don't care.

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