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October 16, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-10-16

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See Editorial Page


Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


Fair skies, continued
warm through tomorrow




Kerr Meets Berkeley
Students' Demands
'Great Victory for Free Speech'
Proclaimed by Protest Movements
Berkeley students claimed "a great victory for political freedom"
yesterday as they announced that University of California President
Clark Kerr "has agreed to meet basic student demands" on the
issues of suspensions and political activity on the Berkeley campus.
Sue Johnson, Editor of the Daily Californian, told The Daily
by phone last night that Kerr made a three point statement at
the meeting of the Regents of the University of California yesterday.
The proposals in the statement were approved unanimously by

Proteges Replace
Aging Red Chief
Brezhnev Becomes Party Head,
Kosygin Takes Over as Premier
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW-Nikita Khrushchev's responsibilities yesterday
passed on to his two most trusted proteges as the Soviet pre-
mier and first secretary of the Communist Party retired "in
view of his advanced age and the deterioration of his
Leonid Brezhnev, at 57 Khrushchev's junior by 13 years,
has taken over the post of first secretary of the Communist
Party. Alexei Kosygin, the man Khrushchev trusted to run
the government during his frequent absences abroad, became
premier. Khrushchev had held both posts since he ascended
to complete Soviet leadership in 1958. The new position of

Talk Over
The student advisory committee
to the residential college planners
last night explored two major
areas of concern - housing and
In the discussion on housing,
the group proposed that the Uni-
versity should provide, along with
residence halls and apartments,
some cooperative housing. These
co-ops, each with kitchen and din-
ing room, would accommodate 40
In the area of curriculum, many
members argued that emphasis
must be placed on the humanities
and social sciences. Diverse opin-
ions were expressed on how the
curriculum is to be structured, but
no definite proposals were set
forth. Further discussion was de-
ferred until next week.
While some of the students fa-
vored the conventional system of
distribution requirements, others
felt that the requirements and
the traditionally rigid class sched-
ule could be modified to permit
study of a more individual nature.
One idea even extended to the
abolition of all distribution re-
quirements and degrees.
With the inclusion of coopera-
tive housing and apartments as
part of the living arrangements of
the college, the dining rooms of
the residence halls could be re-
duced from the originally planned
1200-student capacity.
The student committee submit-
ted that; since the unity of the
residential college is to be achieved
through the desire of the students,
not through rules, students living
in residence halls should not be
forced to eat any meals at their
The residential college, to open
in 1966, was evolved as an'effort
to integrate academic and living
areas. The college will occupy an
11-acre tract on North Campus.
Although the general tract has
been selected, specific building
sites have not.

-Ohe regents. Kerr's major points
More Members
-The addition of two more
members of the administration,

Nikita Khrushchev (far left) yesterday stepped down as Communist Party secretary and Russian premier in favor of Leonid Brezhev
(second from left) who has become first secretary of the Communist Party and Alexei Kosygin (second from right) who is now
premied. Mikhail Suslov (right) has been indicated to have been a key factor in the change of power. Suslov is largely a theoretician who
is reported to incline more toward the Chinese position than does Khrushchev.

.two more
who will
two more

members of the faculty
be appointed by the
(faculty) Senate, and
students to the Faculty

La boroves ยง

Study Committee which is charged
with reviewing .the broad question
of political activity at Berkeley.
-An ad hoc committee of the

Academic Senate will be establish- LONDON (l) - Harold Wilson's party would control the 630-seat
ed to review the cases of eight Labor Party moved yesterday to- House of Commons by 50 seats.
students who were suspended from ward victory in Britain's national They said they still thought the
Berkeley for violating the ban on election but a late surge of Con" party would get in but only by 15
political activity. servative votes indicated the final to 25 seats.
-Berkeley Chancellor E. W. result would be close. The Labor Party leaped into an
Strong, who had suspended the Returns from 427 of the 630 early lead only to see the Con-
eight students and the regents parliamentary districts gave: servatives stage a comeback as the
of the University of California Conservative Party-179 seats counting switched from the big
concurred with this statement. Labor Party-246 seats cities and industrial areas to ag--
Kerr's statement is significant Liberal Party-two seats. ricultural districts.
because before yesterday all the The Labor Party took 47 seats Little Hope
members of the committee study- away from the Conservatives, two Neutral experts said the count-
ing the ban on political activity from the Liberals and one from an up to this morning showed that;
at Berkeley had been appointed independent. But Labor lost four the Conservatives could hardly
by the administration. seats to the Conservatives to nake hope for much better than a dead
Case Reviews their net gain 46. heat.
Furthermore, the committee Laborite spokesmen, watching They said the Labor Party was
charged with reveiwing the cases the late count, drastically scaled moving toward victory but still
of the suspended students had down earlier claims that their had to establish a commanding
also been all administration- --------- _margin.
appointed before today. Computers operated by the
It is important to the stu- LBJ Savs Past Commercial Independent Televi-
dents that the faculty members L/ sion Network and the British
on both committees will now be ( 'W TT* i IBroadcasting Corp. forecast a
appointed by the Academic Sen- Las H id el , final Laborite margin of 17 to 19
ate rather than by the administra- seats.
tion, since the members of this WASHINGTON (P) -- President If late reporting results con-
organization stated their belief Lyndon B. Johnson said last night tinue the trend of the districts al-
Wednesday that "freedom of poli- that he had no information or re- ready tabulated, Wilson will be-
tical speech is essential to edu- port of any kind until late come prime minister and succeed
cation on this campus." Wednesday that "had ever raised Sir Alec Douglas-Home with an
Student Triumph a question" with respect to the opportunity to give a leftward
One of the eight suspended stu- personal c o n d u c t of Walter: slant to this island kingdom's gov-
dents; Arthur Goldberg, proclaim- Jenkins. ernment after 13 years.
ed Kerr's statement to be "a Flying back from a campaign Encouraging
triumph for the students." He be- tour of New York state, Johnson Wilson, puffing his pipe, told
lieves that the inclusion of mem- issued his first personal statement reporters at his home dlistrict of
bers of the Academic Senate on on Wednesday's resignation of Huyton near Liverpool that he
the investigating committee is "the Jenkins. found the overall results "moder-
first step on the long road to free Johnson, who was said to have ately encouraging."
speech at Berkeley." told friends that he could hardly Before parliament was dissolved
The members of the Free Speech credit the accusations against Sept. 25, Conservatives :and allies
Movement, the organization which Jenkins, gave high praise to his held 362 seats, Laborites 261 and
has been protesting Berkeley's associate of 25 years in his state- Liberals 7.
political ban, also announced to- ment and said: In early returns the Laborites
day that they find Kerr's pro- "No man I know has given more did well in the marginals-the dis-
posals "satisfactory." personal dedication, devotion and tricts thinly held by the Conserva-
These students had inferred tireless labor." The President said tive side. But the Conservatives
from the agreement reached after that in any such case, however, held on remarkably well. In North
two days of student rioting and "the public interest comes before Preston aviation minister Julian
demonstrating that the faculty all personal feelings." Amery' held his seat by only 14
members on the committees of in- He went on to say he had re- votes after three recounts.
quiry would be appointed by the quested and received Jenkins' res- If Wilson and his followers are
liberal Academic Council, and the ignation. Wednesday's W h i t e declared the ultimate winners they
student members on the commit- House announcement had not dis- will have a five-year mandate to
tees would be elected by the dem- closed that Jenkins had resigned attack the nation's economic prob-
onstrators. at the request of the President. lems along socialist lines and re-

;vise the foreign and defense ;Michael Stewart, and Lord Gar-
.policies. diner, all middle-roaders.
If Wilson becomes Britain's sec- From the erudite Wilson down-
i ond postwar Labor prime minis- xward, a Labor cabinet built around
ter, his cabinet is likely to re- these leaders would give an im-
flect a tactful balance among the p ression of technical compeentce,
right, left and center factions of intellectual achievement and a
the Labor party. gritty strength forged in years of
Eight key men who would flank labor union or national politick-
him-assuming they survive the ing.
election-are: At least 30 Labor topnotchers

George Brown and Patrick Gor-
don Walker, both rightwingers;
Richard Crossman and Ray Gun-
ter, both with leftish reputations;
James Callaghan, Denis Healey,

have been groomed for posts in a
government which will require 70
ministers and deputies. Around 20
of these ministers will be mem-
bers of the cabinet itself.'

Brezhnev, whom Khrushchev
has groomed for leadership, is
the more powerful of the two.
Central Committee
Tass, the Russian news agen-
cy, said that Khrushchev asked
to berelieved of his duties and
'that the request was ,granted. this
week. The party central commit-
tee met Wednesday to take up
his request for retirement, it add-
The appointment of .Brezhnev to
head the party means that many
of Khrushchev's policies will be
continued, most observers think.
But the appointment of Kosygin
does not promise further advance
of Khrushchev's ideas.
Only recently Khrushchev --
who has been blamed for evidences
of creeping capitalism-suggested
the revolutionary step of giving
production priority in the econ-
omy to consumer industry instead
of heavy industry.
Consumer Industry
Kosygin, who was connected
with the consumer industry back
in Stalinist days, held the hard
line on consumer goods, favoring
limiting them in favor of Indus-
His appointment may hail the
reversal of the more novel of
Khrushchev's consumer policies.
There have been indications
that the forces in the party lec
by theoretician Mikhail Suslov are
Ebehind the new developments. Sus-
lov, like Kosygin, leans more to-
ward the Chinese position than
does Khrushchev.
However, the fact that Brezhnev,
a Khrushchev-liner, has the most
important position-that of party
secretary-will work against the
forces trying to change the course
of Khrushchev.
See KOSYGIN, Page 3

Ex erts Wait
For Possible
Power Fight
University experts in Soviet af-
fairs yesterday waited watchfully
ba see whether a power struggle
will follow Khrushchev's retire-
Khrushchev's twin responsibil-
ities have now been taken over by
Leonid Brezhnev, who has become
Communist Party Secretary, and
Alexe Kosygin, who has become
Concerning this division of re-
sponsibility, Prof. Horace Dewey
of the Russian department pointed
out that both multi-headed gov-
ernments In the Soviet Union's
history have been replaced by a
single leader as a result of power
struggles within the Communist
party. He gave Brezhnev an even
chance to keep control, noting that
newly designated Premier Alexei
Kosygin is an astute politician
who might emerge as leader.
, Son-in-Law
The fact that Khrushchev's son-
in-law, Alexai Aduzhubei, editor
of- Izxestia, was replaced at the
same time may be an indication
that Khrushchev was replaced as
a result of a power struggle rather
than just for health reasons, ac-
cording to Dewey.
Prof. George Kish, acting direc-
for of Russian studies, also saw
possible evidence of a developing
power struggle. He noted that if
Mikhail Suslov made the motion
to replace Khrushchev, as re-
ported, "this may be an indica-
tion that a power struggle will
follow. Suslov, a great party
theoretician, may represent a more
intransigent position than Khrush-
chev," he added.
Prof. Marian Low, an expert in
Russian history, concurred with
Dewey and Kish that Khrush-
chev's leaving both the Central
Committee and the Presidium
indicate a personal power struggle.
She suggested that indications of
a power struggle might manifest
themselves in "conflicting state-
ments, any expression of new
policies, for example with regard
to consumer goods and arma-
ments, expressions from other
power centers, such as the Coun-
cil of Ministers and in the com-
position of pictures released which
indicate the relative position of
the leaders."
Nevertheless Miss Low pointed
out, "It looks like Khrushchev
picked his successors, so this
change doesn't necessarily 'mean
the Chinese faction is coming in"
Prof. Alexander Eckstein of the
economics department said that he
believed economic differences of
opinion were not as important as
foreign policy considerations in
Khrushchev's replacement.
He thinks the main reason may
have been dissatisfaction with
Khrushchev's handling of the
problems caused by Communist
China. Pointing to the increased
show of independence by world
communist parties regarding this

Harold Wilson's (left) Labor Party was reported last night to
be gaining over Sir Alec Douglas-Home's conservatives.

China Attacks Brezhnev's Stand

By The Associated Press
TOKYO - Communist China
reported with unusual eagerness
yesterday the news of Nikita S.
Khrushchev's political eclipse and
then followed with an attack
-through Albanian puppet news-
papers-on "the renegades" of the


DiscussSGC 'Failures,'AdvocateRallies


By JEREMY RAVEN office with a handful of demands. to boycott unfair practices. Crooks
The administration is not going maintained that this would be im-
StudenthGovernment Council's to respond to pressure politics. possible. "As soon as ten people
alleged shortcomings were the SGC must try to anticipate what moved out of an apartment build-
main topic of discussion last night the administration considers prop- ing because of exorbitant rates,
at a sparsely attended meeting of er channels, and then try to fol- ten more would show up eager to
the SGC - sponsored Constituent low them." take their place," he said.
Assembly. Most of the students present,
About 30 students, including however, favored protest rallies as Philosophy Problem
several SGC members, heard one a means of stimulating interest, if Bluestone stressed that, in seek-
constituent express his "disgust not of solving problems. One call- ing to air their grievances, stu-
that SGC is insisting students ed for a "good emotional rally to dents had to do more than simply
must join its committees in order stir up the interest that SGC establish lines of communication.
to implement their ideas. SGC's hasn't been able to get any other "Those who have talked with top
Job is to .represent the students." way." administrators have found that
Barry Bluestone, '66, agreed Inadequate . they are faced not only with prob-
that "we need students who are: Graduate Student Council Presi- lems of communication or priority,
willing to scream at SGC and force I dent Larry Phillips maintained but also w i t h problems of
it to act." He told the students that the present publication in- philosophy.
that "SGC is going nowhere, and forming freshmen about SGC is
you're going nowhere with it." inadequate, and suggested that a "Students have a 1964 concept

"Khrushchev group."
In a later release, the New
China News agency termed Khru-
shchev's successor as "extremely
reactionary." Thus China seems
about as dead set against Brez-
hnev as it was against Khrush-
The Peking People's Daily pub-
lished the story under the head-
line "Khrushchev Steps Down."
The Albanian attack was by the
newspaper Zeri I Popullit. A Chi-
nese preface to it observed that
"through the proposed 'interna-
tional meeting' the revisionist
Khrushchev clique is energetically
praparing, under the cloak of
'unity,' a still deeper split to de-
stroy completely the unity of the
international Communist move-
The Chinese apparently did not
choose to withhold the criticism
even though the article was from
the Sept. 27 issue of the Albanian
paper and could have been elim-
inated if Peking wished to take a
concilliatory stand toward the new
Moscow power group.
The retirement of Khrushchev
hit with stunning impact in almost
all of the non-Soviet Communist
Western countries, preoccupied
with problems such as the British
election and the American elec-
tion campaigning, appeared to

widely accepted in Yugoslavia as
a friend of a country that broke
away from Moscow's orbit in the
Stalin era.
In Rome, leaders of the Italian
Communist Party met in emer-
gency session last night for an
examination of the situation.
In Paris, Premier George Pom-
pidou called in acting foreign min-
ister Louis Joze, presumably to
discuss the Moscow move in the
absence of President Charles de
Gaulle, who was in Brazil winding
up a South American good will
The Moscow reports swept
through the corridors of the
French National Assembly like
wildfire. Deputies deserted the
floor proceedings to hang over
incoming news reports.
Ad Hoc Picket
sks CKoncern
Fifteen members of the Ad
Hoc Committee for Action, pick-
eted the Administration Bldg. yes-
terday afternoon in order to show
the administration that it wants
"action, not tea parties."
Thomas Copi, '67, said that
"What we want is administrative
attention to student opinion. This
does not mean that there is a


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