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October 08, 1964 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-10-08

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THURSDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1964

THE MICHIGAN, DAILY

Hatcher Reports on 'U' Development fl5*f

(Continued from Page 2) /
valent of two semesters. This is
the academic year of teaching.
A4ditional Compensation
If the professor should wish to
teach an extra term, and if it is
convenient to the needs of the de-
partment, he would be compensat-
ed by an additional term out of
residence for his research and
study. If departmental needs
should require an extra semester
of teaching, and I would hope this
would not often occur, if it is
agreeable with the professor to
perform these duties, he would of
course. receive extra compensation.
I do not think that there is any
cause for alarm or concern on the
part of the teaching staff as to the
effect of this new calendar on
their schedules. They will find it
gives them increased flexibility to
plan their professional careers
and to do their research.
Policy of Growth
Over the past decade, the Uni-
versity has grown steadily under
a policy of controlled growth. This
policy has been simply to accept
students in those areas where
proper service could be provided
for them, recognizing that we
must in this particular period of
our national emergency always
keep pushing against the outer
limit in size. We could have been
almost any size that we wished
between what we now are and,
shall we say, 50,000 students.
This would have been suicidal
folly, however, because s u c h
growth could not possibly be ac-
complished in too rapid a rate of
change; I think on the whole that
we have succeeded well in keeping
the University advancing and
growing and at the same time re-
taining our strength, in many
places markedly increasing it. We
would like to continue this policy.
We still have not, as a people.
fully realized what enormous and
far-reaching changes the fact of
increased population is forcing
Upon us, There is nothing we can
do about this-It is a fact of life
in the same way that the forces of
nature are facts of life and must
be reckoned with. What we must
consider Is how to extract from
the resources of bigness those ele-
ments which can advance and en-
rich our association and our en-
deavor, and at the same time off-
set the hazards which are lurking
on every side in the process of
growth.
Fuiture R esumcbility
I think the University is far
from reaching the status where it
signs off further responsibility. It
must ben every effort to con-
tinue to discharge in the future
the .same kind of service and in
as nearly the same relative quan-
tity as it has in the past. We may
not be able to do this. With
proper support, I think we can
fome mighty close to it
I have said before, and I must
now repeat that I can see nothing
in the experience of the United
States in higher education nor in
the experience of the leading na-
tions of Vurope to lead me, to
believe that we would be better
off without our traditional intake
of undergraduates in this Univer-
sity. I am sure you know the rea-
sons behind this statement as well
as I.
To see these 4,200 top-flight
young men and women, with am-
bitions set to share the experience
at Michigan, arriving on this cam-
put, is an enviable expedience.
They come with their grat native
endowment ready to be acted upon
by this distinguished and varied
faculty, where everything of in-
terest or concern to modern civil-
ized mankind is investigated,
thought about, and taught. To
fell the infusion of all this fresh
young talent into our university
community is convincing evidence
of the wisdom of this interrelation
and interaction.
Compartmentalization

Our nation is already suffering
heavily from its unwise separation.
of its youth into tight compart-
ments according to age, moving
them along in such age groups
without sufficient interplay with
older and younger members of the
same society, and from withhold-
ing them from adult social rela-
tionships as rigidly as we present-
ly do. I think one of the great
virttes of the earlier pioneering
era was the constant association
of all age groups of the society
with a resulting meaningful inter-
play of understanding.
We must find ways of managing
the growth of our undergraduate
student body, wisely putting to use
the increasing knowledge which
we are gaining about the nature
of the individual human being and
his relationship to groups of all
sizes. The secret is not merely to,
open the gates and allow an un-
controlled flood tide to rush in
to be absorbed in any way possible
or not absorbed at all.
It is rather to find the proper
growth unit so that students be-
coming members of this scholarly
community may draw upon all the
virtues of its size, at the same
time preserving for themselves a
sense of hospitable and homo-
geneous smallness through asso-
ciation with selected groups, plan-
ned insofar as we are able syst-

knowledge and its meaning for'
him and the world which he willt
serve. This has had enthusiasticI
approval of all concerned, and has
been authorized by the Regents.
I think the residential college
represents a unit of growth.
Rather than add by gradual in-
crements to the already large and
distinguished College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, the con-
cept permits the establshment,
of a small unit that has the
potentiality of permitting us to
have the advantages of intimacy,
and unity, and smallness within 'a
large, complex and rich commun-
ity.
The proper question is: How
shall the academic community or-
ganize itself? The residential col-'
lege is but a prototype of small
academic communities with a spe-
cific goal and purpose, a particular
faculty and student body, within
a larger academic community that
consists of many other units. To-
gether they provide a richness of
educational opportunity that no
part can evolve for itself.
Social Organization Experiment
As small, individual units each
provides an opportunity for mean-
ingful, responsible, and personal
involvement during the learning
process that the mere aggregate
cannot provide. The residential
college represents for all of us an
experiment in the social organiza-
tion of the University.
The Residential College is also
a unit of experimentation. Educa-
tional institutions are, despite
their clear commitment to inno-
vation and change and the dis-
covery of new knowledge, essen-
tially conservative institutions. We
have not, in contrast to many
modern institutions that are, by
common conception, regarded as
conservative and cautious, been
very experimental about the pro-
cess of education itself.
It is imperative that we create
opportunities for experimentation
in the process of college teaching
and learning. All of us should
adopt the posture of assistance to
innovation on the part of this
college.
Interest in Undergraduate
The residential college is an op-
portunity for the entire University
to reassert its traditional interest
in the undergraduate and in un-
dergraduAte training. Lots of ob-
servers have called our attention
to the increasing influence of re-
search and of graduate training.
Indeed under the imperative pres-
sures of the national need for both
new knowledge and trained spe-
cialists it is inevitable that we
should e much preoccupied with
these matters. But they have never
been and will not be, our exclusive
concern.
Educational responsibilities can
be all too easily fractionated, that
is, this group will do this and that
institution the other. We are clear
that there are, among the youth
of our state and nation, a large
number of high school graduates
who ought to enter quickly and
effectively into the life of this
University.
But it is essential that we take
the training of these highly select-
ed and promising youngsters ser-
iously, allocate our best human
and physical resources to their
training in proper proportions.
The existence of the residential
college calls attention of the en-
tire University community to the
fact that the University takes an
undergraduate seriously and re-
gards his training as of great sig-
nificance.
Guilt-Producing Lobby
Hopefully it will serve to keep
all of us sensitive to this exciting
and important responsibility. To
put it briefly, if the residential
college does. what it ought to do,
it will be constantly irritating,
provocative and guilt-producing
lobby for undergraduate training.
As a unit of growth, as an arena

for experimentation and as a
model home for the teacher-
scholar-in these and other re-
spects the success of the residential
college will have much to say to
higher education. The entire Uni-
versity must, and I am sure, can
be expected to help this new unit
in these early and crucial days.
No one yet knows what the po-
tential number of students for
this kind of program will be. In
the meantime, we will continue our
plans for extending a varied com-
plex of housing for our student
body.
Cedar Bend Housing
The new dormitory on the hill
back of the Music Building will
be next. There is room next door
to it for a similar unit, and we are
studying very earnestly the need
and the best kind of plan for
another dormitory for men and
women which may combine some
of the desirable features of the
residential college concept with,
the larger service function of the
more conventional dormitory. This
would probably be located in the
expanding area of the North Cam-
pus.
Space Needs
Office and classroom space is,
of course, equally important, in
some respects more urgent. Stu-
dents can still find rooms in Ann
A a.~nr. T~tan 14+1n ne~r - ifi ..se

colleges. This college is firmly es-
tablished in the center and ex-
panding periphery of the centralc
40-acre campus, The commitment
is so heavy here that it is na-
tural that expansion should take
place in this area and to the full-
est .extent possible.
Move from Central Campus
We have, over the last several1
years, been working for this tran-
sition. We have moved from the
Central Campus services which.
had no particular reason for being
in the area. It began in a big
way with the removal of the Plant
Department and its varied services
to the old Hoover plant down by
the Stadium.
This has worked out well, and
over the years, one by one, services
have been established there quite
satisfactory. It has removed from'
the Central Campus not only the
offices of these units but has di-
verted the parking and given some
relief to the growing congestion in
the central area.
The Physics Building is an ex-
ample of the utilization of space
in the area through high rise con-
struction. It was a brilliant archi-
tectural achievement.
The plans call for the new home
of the College of Architecture and
Design to be located in that al-
luring area already defined by the
new School of Music, thus freeing
space on the Central Campus for
the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts.
Move Rapidly
But the Literary College cannot
wait until each detail of the plan
unfolds. We need to move rapidly.
We have recently moved the data
processing activities for registra-
tion, grade reports, payrolls; and
so on, to the Hoover Street area.
We have moved the research ad-
ministration and library storage
and binding operations to the
North Campus.
We will now vacate the second,
third, and fourth floors of the
present Administration Building
and turn them over to the urgent
needs of the Literary College for
classrooms and offices. The re-
maining general University serv-
ices will be transferred to Hoover
Street and located in a new build-
ing adjoining the Data Process-
ing Center.
The University administration
will move to a new building on
Thompson Street. This will re-
lease some 65,000-70,000 square
feet of space. It will go a long way
to alleviate the College's immediate
need.
Flint Campus
Another area for expansion is
our campus in Flint. We have been
working most fruitfully with our
colleagues in. the Flint community.
We propose to extend our opera-
tions there to include freshmen
and sophomores.
The plans for this expansion
worked out with all concerned in
the Flint community, and with
their enthusiastic support, are
practically complete, and we ex-
pect to accept our first freshman
class of 200 in September of 1965.
We foresee in this relationship
another imaginative and effective
approach to the solution of the
problem of extending opportunities
for higher 'education to an in-
creasing number of our gifted
young people.
Graduate-Professional Studies
A major part of our responsibil-
ity has been and will continue to
be in the field of graduate and
graduate professional and post-
doctoral training. The whole level
of higher education is growing
higher year by year. The number
of college graduates going on into
the Graduate School is increasing
almost as rapidly as the percentage
growth among the graduates from
high school.
We have been growing here
steadily over the years. The pro-
portion now, as you know, is ap-
proximately 40 per cent of our
total student body who have al-
ready received their baccalaureate
degree. The control here is the

capacity of our faculty and of our
physical resources to accept and
train the qualified men and women
who would like to enter our grad-
uate andI graduate-professional
schools. Many of our depart-
ments are already at full capacity
and are turning away qualified
graduate students.
New areas are developing, par-
ticularly in the fields of science
and engineering-related scientific
fields. The impact on business and
industry is also being felt.
Business Leadership
The studies of the Council for
Financial Aid to Education over
the years beginning in 1955 show
an increasing percentage of college
trained and graduate trained men
in the position of business and in-
dustrial leadership.
The percentage of nonoollege,
men in their sample of 100 of our
largest business concerns has
dropped from 25 per cent in 1955
to 11 per cent in 1964. And more
startling still, the number of ad-
vanced degrees has risen from 34
to 51, an increase of 50 per cent.
This is just another and new
evidence of the rapid development
going on in our society as it af-
fects new fields in advanced train-
ing on the graduate level.
rAt A fl.."- wn - %U W

I am happy that our process of '
selecting Deans at this University,l
one not universally copied, in-
cidentally, in universities of the
land, in which we have had the2
benefit of distinguished counsel
from the various faculties of the
University itself, has led us to
Dean Spurr and that he has been
persuaded to accept this great
responsibility.
New, Searching Look
I believe that the whole area
of graduate work and training is '
now due in the country as a whole
and in this University for a new
and searching look. It has not been
subjected to the careful analytical1
reappraisal which has been given'
to other segments of the educa-
tional structure.
We ought to be sure now thatJ
we are not carrying forward into
the future antiquated concepts'
that may have been perfectly legi-
timate for their day but are quite
inadequate to our present need.
There must be new and fresh and
more stimulating approaches to,
post-baccalaureate training than
we have yet devised.
We need to look closely at the
many rules and regulations sur-
rounding graduate work. We need,
of course, to be sure that we bring
these candidates forward in the
exacting discipline of scholarship.
Meaningless Hurdles?
We must be equally careful that
meaningless hurdles are not erect-
ed to satisfy our whims or our
delicate conscience about the vol-
ume of the work or the standards
to be achieved. These can some-
times be confused.
I am not suggesting any revolu-
tion. I am sure that Dean Spurr
will be conferring with members
of the faculties concerned to see
what ought to be our posture and
our directions for the immediate
future.
This includes our relationship to
other universities and especially
to some of the newer colleges that
are now coming along in promis-
ing style. We ought to have a
clear and thoughtful understand-
ing with them as to the proper de-
ployment of our total resources
and the interrelationships between
their programs and ours.
We need particularly to differ-
entiate those programs that are
of high importance but of limited
demand so that the total resources
of the state may be used wisely
and cooperatively and not com-
petitively among institutions.
Research
If I do not dwell on research
on this particular occasion, it is
because we have already had much
to say on this subject, and made
of it a major theme last year-
with gratifying results.
State and national officials as
well as the general public had
their eyes opened to the scope, the
depth. and the critical significance
of the research carried on in Ann
Arbor to the benefit of our eco-
nomic, educational and national
health and well being.
The upward swing of this pro-
gram continues, although it is
now on such a high level that the
curve will flatten out somewhat.
Thanks to Vice-President Sawyer,
and all of his colleagues involved
in it, we have, I firmly believe
the evidence supports, strengthen-
ed the University in its faculty,
its facilities, its programs and
its training of outstanding stu-
dents through the careful inter-
involvement of research with
learning and teaching.
Satisfaction in Balance
We can all take satisfaction in
the balance maintained here. We
have just dedicated the beautiful
Music Building. From its gracious
terrace one looks across the lawn
and reflecting pond to the Ford
Reactor, the new Institute of
Science and Technology building,
and over Automotive and Fluids
Engineering to the high energy
physics installations, the NASA
Building, and the Astronautical
laboratory complex.
And in our celebration next Fri-

day of the Golden Anniversary of
the beginning of Aeronautical En-
gineering at Michigan, we will
honor Hawkins, Dempsey, and
Donovanfi colleagues of Johnson
of U-2 and A-11 fame; as we
recognized Saarinen, Copeland,
Moore and Bernstein at the Music
dedication.
Richness of Life
Life is indeed a many splendor-
ed thing to be lived and enjoyed
in all the richnes we can encom-
pass.
We can no longer justify or af-
ford the tight separation of
science, humanities- and the arts;
or look upon them as conflicting
and competing interests. They are
all a part of the seamless coat of
many colors which drapes the
human being with dignity and
meaning.
We welcome to the post of Vice-
President for Research, a scien-
tist, a humanist and a cultivated
gentleman, one of our own col-
leagues who emerged in the com-
pany of his peers throughout the
land, Dr. Geoffrey Norman. With
his help we may expect to go for-
ward into the new world being
opened up by our research pro-
grams.
Faculty Center

join their wives at home for lunch.
Beyond the appraisal and general
recommendation of the Senate
Committee, we do not yet have
reasonable and prudent "market
survey" data on how many of our
faculty feel a genuine need for
the facility, what use they would
make of it, what priority they as-
sign to it, and to what extent and
under what conditions they would
contribute to building, maintain-
ing, and operating such a club
center.
Faculty Response
These are not unimportant
questions, and they cannot be
glossed over. With the advice and
consent of the Senate Advisory
Committee, we are perservering
in our effort to get the respon-
sible, answers through the expert
guidance of our Survey Research
Center. Their. report should be
ready soon.
Given sufficient and concrete
support and enthusiasm on the
part of enough of our faculty. I
see no reason why a Faculty Cen-
ter could not be added to the
amenities of the University com-
munity.
Student Life
One of the topics suggested by
the SACUA is related to student
life outside the classroom and the
University's responsibility for it.
This is a most important subject,
one which engages much of my
time and attention.
In view of the scheduled Presi-
dent-Student convocation on Nov.
5, I will, under pressure of time
now, reserve a statement on this
subject for that occasion.
Sesquicentennial
I am happy to report that the
plans for the Sesquicentennial
Celebration are going forward in
excellent style. Under the chair-
manship of Charles Joiner with
the held of many faculty commit-
tees,a worthy series of conferences
and convocations is being framed.
The year 1964 was set as the
make-ready year, and we are on
schedule and on target. We are
indeed farther ahead in our pre-
paration than were other schools
which have had similar observ-
ances.
This is in true Michigan style
and we are deeply grateful to all
of you for your diligent efforts.
At an appropriate time a full an-
nouncement will be made.
A World View
Since we last met, members of
this faculty have been in all parts
of the world, engaged in all kinds;
of important work.
I met in Bad Godesberg with the
Rectors of the West German Uni-
versities, at Ditchley Park with.
English, Canadian, French and
German representatives, and made
visitations in Germany, West Ber-
lin and Denmark.
The pro lems of the vast num-
bers of capable young people in
need of higher education, or ar-
ranging access to univerities for
them, of expanding and improving
our institutions and supporting
them are as worrisome as they
are urgent.
The fact that we in the United
States are well ahead of others is
little comfort in the face of' the
critical need and the constriction
of time.
White House Conference
The President of the United
States is aware of the situation.
I went almost directly from this
round of European conferences to
a special conference and work
session, which I had the honor to
chair, at the White House in
August.
The meeting was encouraging
because of the personal interest
and understanding of the Presi-
dent who called it into session, and
the commitment of his staff to the
purpose: I shall have more to say
to you about it' at another time.
Basically, it recognized the cen-
tral role of universities in our
world today, reflected the high
hopes that ride with them, and

called upon us to erect the model
of what we would like to see our
State become in the next two de-
cades, and discover if possible new
and more fruitful ways in which
the Federal Government can sup-
port or help the states and regions
to achieve it.
Coordinates Work
This involves a survey and co-
ordination of the, valuable work
already done or under way, iden-
tifying areas where further re-
search is needed, and interlinking
the state with its region and the
nation.
Governor Sawyer of Nevada,
currently head of the' Governors
Conference, pledged support to the
idea and the proposal, and invited
us to make a progress report next
July at their meeting in Min-
neapolis.
I have had a most fruitful ex-
ploratory and planning session
with several of our Deans and
colleagues to engage the interest
and great resources of this Uni-
versity in this enterprise.
Government Seeks Advice
This is the first time in my ex-
perience where the Federal Gov-
ernment has turned back to the
creative centers in the states for
advice and counsel, to ask how it
can help, rather than send us the
grea topln with a ontract to be

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