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April 09, 1965 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1965-04-09

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2Dormitory

Food,

Wage

Costs

To

Rise Next

Year

By LEONARD PRATT
Recent predictions of a fee hike in University residence halls
next year stem from financial and physical strains which are
bulging the system at its seams. Increases in food costs, wages
and loss of potential funds due to crowding rooms beyond their
original capacity all mean that residence halls may have to ask
more money next year from their only financial resource, their
students.
"The residence halls are likely to be quite crowded next fall ,"
said Eugene Haun, director of University residence halls, yesterday.
At the same time, Leonard Schaadt, residence halls business
manager, confirmed that he has spent $113,000 in ordering 600
new sets of furniture for use next year. "We are trying to provide
for student needs as we see students coming," Haun said.
And far from adding money to the quad budgets, these added
students will make the need for more funds even greater, especially
? ' in the area of debt servicing. ("Debt servicing" is the University's
term for the interest payments on the bond issues which were
u sold to finance dormitory construction.)
Debt Servicing: 20 Per Cent
For example, last year's debt servicing accounted for about
20 per cent of total hall income, an amount of $1,853,514. But
this year, with overcrowded halls, only 19 per cent is available
for debt servicing, after other costs are taken care of, an amount
Brennan Admits
Board Deadlock
Ruling Meets Varied Reaction;
Romney Backs Recommendations
By JOHN MEREDITH
State Board of Education President Thomas Brennan confirmed
yesterday that the board was long deadlocked before reaching a
unanimous decision late Wednesday night to permit the University
to admit freshmen at its Flint branch next fall.
Reaction to the decision has been varied, with Gov. George
Romney yesterday joining supporters of the board, while several
legislators and Flint officials criticized the group for its action.
r Criticism centered on the board's insistence that the branch
admit freshmen this year only-the University to abandon its Flint

estimated to reach only $900,000,
Schaadt explained this seeming paradox by showing how
increased numbers of students in the halls combines with the
University's unique policy of graduated room fees to make more
money necessary to pay off the debt on the bond issues.
"Take this year's figures, for example," he said. "Each person
in a double room is paying $900 per year; the room's income will
then be $1800." Of this, he explained, $700 per person goes for
food, wages and general maintainence. This leaves some $400
of the room's income to pay off the University's bond issues.
And this, $200 per person, is just what is necessary to meet the
system's interest payments.
A Third Person Cuts Rates
"When a third person is added to this double room, the rate
for all three residents falls to $830," Schaadt continued. The
decision to lower rates for a triple is in line with the University's
policy of graduating its hall fees. Many colleges do not do this,
Haun explained, their students paying a flat fee no matter how
many roommates they have. Haun said that this was a policy
decision, not a financial one, made in an attempt to be fairer
to the students.
In this attempt, Schaadt emphasized, the room's income
increases not to $2700, but only to $2490 because of the rate
drop. But even though revenue per capita falls, food and wage
costs per capita remain constant at $700 apiece. Of the $2490,

-Daily-Leonard Pratt
THIS CHART ILLUSTRATES the general distribution of resi-
dence halls income.

then, $2100 will be general upkeep leaving only $390, $130 per
person instead of $200 to pay the room's share of the debt.
"This would be bad enough," Schaadt said, "if we were
concerned with only one room. But because of the large number of
rooms involved, this figure rises very rapidly." In addition, Schaadt
emphasized, the general upkeep costs which usually average some
$700 are turning out to be closer to $720 per student this fiscal
year, making the situation even worse.
Escalator Clause
Added to this deficit is the fact that because of an "escalator
clause," $200 per student is enough to pay the debt only in
financially good years. (The "escalator clause" is a provision in
University bond issues which allows it to pay only 85 per cent
of its debt in one year, if it so desires. This clause, available only
because of the University's good national credit rating, allows
the residence halls to ease their debt burden when other costs
run higher than expected.)
However, Schaadt said, any part of the debt which is "es-
calated" in one year must be payed in succeeding years. And,
he mentioned, it should be payed soon if the University is to
maintain its high credit rating.
This escalator clause has been used often in recent years;
last year's debt payments were actually less than two years ago
by $377,481. This year, the system's ability to pay its "mortgage"
See DORMS, Page 2

ilkt a

:4Ia iI1

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 162 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, 9 APRIL 1965 SEVEN CENTS SIXTEEN PAGES

FPA Affirms

Executive

*Ruling
Charges

Conference
Lays Stress
~.on Learning
By LOUISE KAHAN
"Scholar is a noun in the pres-
w ent 'tense," Prof. John S. Diek-
hoff of the school of education
said, emphasizing the never-end-
ing learning process. He spoke last
r evening at a dinner for the Mich-
igan Scholars in College Teach-
ing Program.
C fliekhoff's speech, "The Learn-
ing Man," was part of an all-day
conference at the University,
whose theme "Learning and
Teaching" was developed at pan-
*0 el meetings in the morning, a
luncheon with Director of the Cen-
ter for Research on Learning and
a, Teaching Stanford C. Ericksen,
and the evening dinner.
Several speakers at the morn-
ing panels pointed to the increas-
ing responsibility given to the stu-
Sdent as a learner,' and to the
teacher as onewho develops in
his students the desire and ability
A to learn.
Intrinsic Motivation
At the noon luncheon, Ericksen
picked up the learning theme in
his speech, "Motivation, the Key
to Learning." He stressed that in-
trinsic motivation, where "knowl-
edge can be its own reward," can
be fostered by the teacher who
recognizes that books and teach-
ing aids have not replaced the
k need for the perceptive and inter-
ested instructor.
To say that teaching is the
main task of any college or uni-
versity is misleading, Diekhoff
noted last night. Such a state-
ment takes the spotlight away
from those doing the learning. The
students, of course, are responsi-
ble for learning. But, Diekhoff
said, if the faculty are not learn-
ers, the students will not be.
War Vocabulary
Many educators speak of the
teaching of students as the con-
quering of the enemy. War vocab-
ulary is not uncommon when
speaking of the educational proc-
ess, Diekhoff noted. "The faculty
is on the firing line," and we
are out to "triumph over ignor-
ance," by "mobilizing our resources
}. and planning our strategy." The
aim of education is the ability
to make us of the natural cur-
See EMPHASIZES, Page 2
Council Enacts
Roofing Laws
The Ann Arbor City Council, in
the last session of the old Coun-
cil, last night approved the Uni-
versity's request to allow for roof
projection on the new Dental
School building to extend over
city-owned sidewalk.

operation soon, with the establish-
ment of a new independent four-
year state school.
Explaining reports of a four-
four split on the board, Brennan
said the disagreement was finally
settled largely "by a change in
position on my part."
"I originally opposed a freshman
class at Flint this fall because I
felt this would create less impetus
for the eventual establishment of
an autonomous school," he ex-
plained. "However, I decided that
the University's commitments in
Flint were more crucial than this
consideration."
Brennan emphasized that board
members unanimously favored re-
placing the branch college with
an, independent school from the
beginning,-ofdtheir two day meet-
ing.
Sen. Garland Lane (D-Flint),
chairman of the Senate Appropri-
ations Committee, blasted this
recommendation, saying that the
citizens of Flint prefer the Uni-
versity's branch arrangement. He
emphasized that the board's de-
cision is only an advisory opinion
and that his committee may ignore
it in considering higher education
appropriations.
However, at least one member
of Lane's committee, Sen. Gilbert
Bursley (R-Ann Arbor), has al-
ready given "tentative approval"
to the board's Flint decision.
Lane and officials of Flint Com-
munity College have also question-
ed the feasibility of expanding the
University's Flint program for a
brief period and then eliminating
the school entirely.
However, Brennan said that
"problems in this area should not
be insurmountable."
"The board discussed a variety
of ways in which the branch pro-
gram could be phased out without
too much difficulty," he added, "al-
though we don't feel we are in
a position to make public recom-
mendations in this area.".

Finds
Fire at SAE:
Damage But
No Injuries
An electrical fire at Sigma Al-
pha Epsilon fraternity which re-
sulted in approximately 50 to
70 thousand dollars worth of dam-
age, began in a wall in the living
room, members said yesterday.
The blaze, which was confined'
to the interior of the house, ser-
iously damaged three rooms on
the second floor as well as the
dormitory room and one quarter
of the roof.
No one was injured in the fire
although several members of the
house were present when it was
discovered.
The SAE house, which was in-
sured for $110,000, was built in
1889, making it the oldest frater-
nity house in Michigan.
The fraternity had already be-
gun plans for a new house but
has not yet decided if it will be
built on the old lot.
Most of the members' valuables
were removed from the house and
escaped damage. The greatest
losses were in clothing, personal
furniture and books.
There was also extensive smoke
damage and, according to a mem-
ber of the house, all of the beds
and bedding were destroyed.
Members of the fraternity will
live in friends' apartments or in
other fraternities for the rest of
the semester.

Trig9on

Guilty

of

TWO BOMB SCARES:
2500 Attend Teach-In at

MIsU

By LYNN METZGER
Special To The Daily
EAST LANSING- The concept
of the teach-in picked up new
impetus last night as over 2500
Michigan State students filled the
MSU auditorium to participate.in
a faculty committee - sponsored
teach-in.
The evening was marred slightly
by two bomb scares, one coming at
9 p.m. and the other at 10:40
p.m. In both instances the audi-
torium was orderly evaculated
while members of the police and
fire departments searched the

building.
The general ,tone of most of
the speakers was that the United
States has no justification for its
present Viet Nam policies and that
if something isn't done about it
soon the results will be disastrous.
Interruptions
There were several interruptions
throughout the program from
members of a small group of
picketers against the teach-in.
After Prof. John Donohue had
begun the program by reading
telegrams of congratulations and
encouragements from several uni-

Tuskegee Professor Tells
Of Negro Hardship in1 South
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of a three-part series on the problems
of the Negro in Macon County, Alabamnt.
By MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH
Special To The Daily
TUSKEGEE, Ala. - "Several days after I had moved out of
my old house, I found out that someone had put a burning cross
in front of it," a Negro told a reporter in an interview here re-
cently.
"Later I was discussing it with a white policeman, and he told
me, 'It was intended for you, all right, but the damned fool who
threw it didn't know you'd moved,'" Charles G. Gomollion, profes-
sor of sociology at Tuskegee Institute, went on.
Tuskegee, and Macon county of which it is part, is full of
other surprises as well, the observer finds. For Macon county,

sities and statesmen a group of
picketers caused a mild disturb-
ance by standing up and waving
signs. Donohue answered the dis-
turbance with an invitation to the
picketers to state their views in
the discussion group which would
follow after the speakers.
Prof. Stanley Millett of Brair-
cliff college's political science de-
partment was the first major
speaker. Halfway through his
speechtheafirst bomb threat was
announced. Thirty minutes later
the 2500 people were back in their
seats listening to the rest of his
speech.
Two Speeches
Following Millett's speech were
two brief addresses, by Prof. Abba
Lerner of Michigan State's eco-
nomics department, and by Judge
Paul Adams of the Michigan Su-
preme Court, a former University
regent.
Prof. Alexander Eckstein of the
economics department and an
authority on China spoke next.
After Eckstein another five brief
addresses were scheduled. But af-
ter Rev. Truman Morrison had
said a few words the second bomb
scare occurred. Again an orderly
evecuation followed by a search
preceded the continuation of the
addresses.
Following Morrison was Prof.
Peter Eckstein, Stuart Dunning of
the NAACP, Prof.. Lawrence Bat-
tistini of MSU's social science de-
partment, a n d Prof. Thomas
Greer, chairman of MSU's hu-
manities department.
The last speaker was Prof. An-
atol Rapoport of the Mental
Health Research Institute.
A brief question and answer
period followed Rapoport's speech.
Then the entire group moved
across the street to Bessey Hall,
a classroom building, where small-
er discussion groups were led by
members of the MSU faculty.
.Burns Talks
On Sororities
In a closed meeting of Panhel-
lenic Association yesterday, Wil-
liam Burns, '65, chairman of Stu-
dent Government Council's Mem-
bership Committee, spoke on the
committee's aims regarding soror-
ity recommendation forms.
Explaining the committee's in-
terest in the forms, which are
used by alumnae to recommend
girls during rush, he said, "The
purpose of the membership com-
mittee is to examine the forms for
clauses that might be used for
discrimination. If we find such
clauses, however, we cannot take
cnn. _11_- ir "V - n +h f -ln en

21-20 Vote Upholds
Discrimination Rule
Committee Charges Fraternity's
Ritual in Violation of IFC By-Laws
By LAURENCE MEDlOW
The Fraternity Presidents Assembly last night upheld the
decision that Trigon is guilty of religious discrimination. That
decision was previously rendered by the Executive Council
last Jan. 12.
The executive committee ruled Jan. 26 that Trigon must
revise its ritual by Sept. 1, 1965, or face expulsion from IFC.
This expulsion would deny Trigon participation in IFC-
organized rush, fraternity intramural athletics, and other
privileges coexistent with IFC membership. "The effect would

MacLEISH'S HERAKLES':

situated only 38
Montgomery, Ala
capital of theC
cently underwent

miles east

abama, the first

of

Confederacy, re-
a political rev-

I

APA, To Hold Worl(

7 /' 10

jolution.

One Person
Gomillion was one of the prin-
cipals in the now-famous 1961
lawsuit, Gomillion vs. Lightfoot,
By KAY HOLMES which prevented the state of
Ann Arbor will be the scene Alabama from redistricting Tus-
kegee in a last-ditch move to
of a world premiere when the Pro- keep a white voter majority ina
fessional Theatre Program pre- the city. The successful suit was
sents its resident repertory com- the final step in a long march to
pany, the APA, in Pulitzer-Prize what Gomillion calls "political
playwright Archibald MacLeish's democracy" here.
provocative new drama, "Hera- After years of intimidation
kles," as the climax of the Univer-
sity's th clia similar but not restricted to the
"Hty's4th Fall Festival, cross-burning described by Go-
"Herakles" will be staged by million, six Negroes are now in
Alan Schneider, prominent Broad- office here - two on the Tuske-
way director of such hits as n onil annthe

probably destroy the active
chapter," Trigon President
David Hall, '66, said in a let-
ter to all fraternity presidents
March 21.
The IFC executive committee,
consisting of the five senior offi-
cers and representatives from each
of five fraternity districts, had
found religious discrimination in
Trigon's rituals, a violation of IFC{
Bylaw Article X, Section I which
prohibits discrimination in mem-
bership selection.
Vote Invalid
On March 25, FPA heard an
appeal of the executive committee
decision but the vote (22-20 to
uphold the decision) was declared
invalid because of voting irregu-
larities.
Last night's procedure was a
secret, roll-call vote to insure that
only fraternity presidents or their
authorized representatives cast
votes. Neither the senior officers
nor Trigon voted.
"It is the belief of Trigon Fra-
ternity and our supporters that
an injustice of far-reaching sig-
nificance was perpetrated against
us in the decision of the Fra-
ternity Presidents Assembly to up-
hold the executive committee ac-
tion. Since the official vote found
us guilty 21-20, I think that the
executive committee can ill-af-
ford to consider the FPA deci-
sion this evening an overwhelm-
ing show of support on this is-
sue. Trigon considers this issue
to be far from over," Hall said.
Hall Protests'
Hall protested last night's vot-
ing on the grounds that four
houses were voting although they
were not present at the March
25 meeting when the case was
presented.
FPA denied the protest feeling
the grounds were not valid.
"There was an opportunity for
the dissenting opinion to be read
during the debate had anyone
wished to do so," Richard Hoppe,
'66, IFC president, said. FPA was
Trigon's last channel of appeal

Presidents OK
Rationale of
Prior Decision
Following the confirmation of
the Interfraternity Council Ex-
ecutive Committee's decision that
Trigon fraternity was guilty of
discrimination, the Fraternity
Presidents' Assembly also voted
to approve a rationale.
Under FPA rules for member-
ship appeals, the IFC president,
the second highest IFC officer who
agreed with the decision and one
appointed fraternity president
write the rationale.
Following are major sections of
that rationale:
".. . Despite the contention of
Trigon that its mandatory vow
is not intended to be discrimina-
tory in nature, the Executive
Committee has found that the
wording of the ritual required
commitment to religious convic-
tions which are unacceptable to
many students attending the Uni-
versity of Michigan . . .
"The Executive Committee rec-
ognized that Trigon, in its at-
tempt to integrate a strong reli-
gious background into a social fra-
ternity, does indeed nurture a
'spiritual and ethical development'
which is not incompatible with
the principles of the Interfrater-
nity Council or of Michigan fra-
ternit'es .
"The Executive Committee ac-
cepted the fact that Trigon does
not discriminate in a 'negative',
manner-that is, they do not in-
tentionally eliminate prospective
members on the basis of what-
ever beliefs they may hold. How-
ever, prospective members may
eliminate themselves by refusing
to take the vow in order not to
renounce their beliefs if such
doctrines are not compatible with
the required oath. The ritual,
therefore, requires a commitment
to religinus envictinns uhich are

"Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?"
and Rosemary Harris will return
to Ann Arbor to act the lead role.
The Fall Festival at the Univer-
sity will open with a gala new
production of George S. Kauf-
man and moss Harr-'s immortal
farce hit, "You Can't Take it with
You."
Also to be introduced to Ann
Arbor is a searching new play by
the author of "J.B.," which will be

county board of revenue, one
(Gomillion) on the city-county
board of education, and two
justices of the peace.
The county's record, to many
observers in the state and in the
nation, offers an outstanding ex-
ample of what can be accom-
plished in the deep South -
change without chaos.
The Macon county story begins
in the early 1920's when a group

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