EDITOR'S NOTE: All male University students will be asked to vote in
the Michigan Union referendum today. If a two-thirds majority votes "Yes"
on proposed constitutional changes, it will approve a merger of the student
activity wings of the Union and Women's League. However, there are a
number of issues which must be worked out in the next few years before
the merger can be completely implemented.
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
When the Michigan Union and Women's League were first
studying in 1962 the feasibility of merging their organizations, a
prominent faculty member was asked for advice.
The basic precondition to a merger, Prof. Richard Cutler of
the psychology department responded, is to clarify the status of
these two service organizations.
Who are they under in the University's organization chart? To
whom are they accountable? Who makes sure these non-academic
institutions are brought into line with the University's academic
He implied the person they were under is the vice-president
for student affairs, who is charged with controlling all non-
academic student activities.
When Cutler recently moved into the administrative hierarchy
in that position, the battle lines were drawn.
The Union and League officers want to keep an advisory
relationship to the vice-president. Cutler, backed by the advice of
his experienced staff, seeks more explicit supervisory control.
Today, as the polls open for what is regarded by many as a
final step in the Union-League activities merger, the questions
which Cutler posed to the study committee in 1962 are far from
But back in 1962, the committee, named for its chairman
Associate Dean James' H. Robertson of the literary college, was
mainly concerned with the relationship between the Union and the
The 14-page Robertson report was submitted to the Union
and League Boards in May of 1963. It called for the establishment
of a University Center which would draw from all segments of
the community for membership and direction. To be managed by
a Board of Directors composed of students, faculty, alumni and
administrators, the master service institution was to have a co-
educational standing committee in charge of student activities.
But the Regents had grave doubts when they received the
report in October. They didn't relish the prospect of having
students on the master governing board.
They did, however, endorse the concept of a co-educational
student activities organization. But there was one hitch: the
Robertson report had been deliberately sketchy. The Regents
called for the establishment of an implementation committee
whose purpose would be "to set forth the organization of this
student activities function, its financial and space needs, and its
relationship to other student activities on the campus."
An implementation group, composed of student executive
officers from both organizations, labored more than a year to put
the merged activities structure together. But they still didn't
resolve the issues of their role and authority.
One of the committee members, Union President Kent Cart-
wright, '65, expresses the source of the dispute this way:
"We feel that our great value to the community is as an
autonomous and creative self-supporting unit."
To defend this position he examines the present set-up. "The
Regents recognize that the Union is a business corporation run
by a board of directors. One of the standing committees is the
activities committee which is, empowered to make plans on a
budget of over $40,000 annually,"
Hence, Cartwright concludes, the student activity control is
delegated from the Regents to the board to the activities committee
-without OSA interference.
John Feldkamp, assistant to the director of student activities
and organizations, concedes this point. However, he explains that
Cutler has ultimate control over the merged organizations for an-
other reason. All units of the University must report to the Regents
administrative officers who are charged with day-to-operations.
Cutler, in addition to heading the OSA, is one of these adminis-
Confusion mounted here recently when the implementation
committee, completing its work last month, submitted the final
merger report to the Regents. They surveyed the product which
would establish a four-man coeducational directorship of the
merged organization-the University Activities Center. Then, the
Regents sent the report to Cutler for implementation and a number
of clarifications. Among them:
* Finances. The Regents currently channel $100,000 from their
student fees to the Union and allocate $.50 to the League each
semester for every woman student here. Cartwright claims that
the Union's money is not subject to student affairs control since
the funds are paying off the building addition program. The student
activities are supported from the overall operating funds of the
building as allocated by the Union Board, he explains.'
But Cutler rebuts that "the use of what amounts to public
funds by a quasi-private organization calls for fiscal and program-
matic review. That's where we come in."
* Space. The University owns both buildings in which the
services are offered, giving it control over the use of space. The
Union and League student organizations, through their governing.
boards are given free space to carry out activities. However, the
implementation committee makes a statement in its minutes that
the space will be made available free to the merged UAC. Both
Pierpont and Cutler want a clarification -of the UAC space re-
quirements since the University intends to maintain control of its
For the moment and the referendum today, both sides have
agreed to shelve their differences. Cutler is backing the principle
of a merged organization until further study of the specifics can
be made. The Union and League officials do not wish to jeopardize
their referendum. But they vow a stiff fight for autonomy in the
SPEED LOSES THE
See Editorial Page
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
.___. - .n , . . .. -.. .r~ crnv rncI 'xuT Wr A Yu Y Iot V fF.T'
'. LXXYV. No.115
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, 10 FLISRUAtc.Y IM)
~L'" LlIt.A V l v. aa u
Faculty Report Stirs Controversy
EDITOR'S NOTE: the follow-
ing article is the first in a
series exploring the implications
of a long-range growth report is-
sued Monday by the executive
committee of the literary college.
By LEONARD PRATT
A report issued Monday by
the executive committee of the
literary college, calling for con-
trolled growth of the college,
provoked differing reactions
from state officials and college
As expected, the most con-
troversial of the report's rec-
ommendations was that calling
for a decrease in the Univer-
sity's share of the state's un-
This would, according to the
report, be accompanied by an
increase in junior-senior and
graduate instruction at the
Until Monday's report, the
University had never been con-
sidered as a specifically upper-
class and graduate institution.
However, many administrators
have been increasingly taking
this approach to University
growth; for example, most re-
cent budget requests have em-
phasized the University's large
role in graduate education in
graduate education in Michi-
Thomas Brennan, State Board
of Education member from
Dearborn, said he was "in-
clined to agree regarding the
University's percentage enroll-
ment decrease." Brennan noted
that this plan' would allow
smaller state colleges and com-
"Appropriations may become
involved later, after the Board
of Education determines a def-
inite role for the University,"
Orlebeck said, although he not-
ed it was too early to say just
how appropriations might be-
come involved. .
Orlebeke noted that "for the
time being, the plan is an in-
ternal policy matter at the
University, with which the gov-
ernor's office is not directly
Any unilateral action on the
University's part, however, could
upset the educational balance
in the state. In other words, if
the University further restricts
the number of freshmen it ac-
cepts other state colleges might
be overcrowded by the "over-
flow" from the University's re-
These possibilities were stress-
ed by Warren Huff, Michigan
State University trustee and
chairman of the Michigan Co-
ordinating Council for Public
Huff felt that the "overall,
enormous enrollment increases
will have to be taken up by all
existing institutions," -because
there is not enough time or
money to build -new community
tnd junior colleges to accom-
modate them. Huff said he was
"in favor of long-range plan-
ning,' but emphasized that
they could not be carried out
"There are three large grad-
uate institutions in Michigan,"
Huff said, "Michigan State, the
University and Wayne State
University. And they must all
shoulder the burden of under-
graduate education, even though
there is little question that they
will all be increasingly occupied
with graduate training."
Many recent projects in the
state have been slowed or halt-
ed until some sort of a "master
plan" for state education is
developed by either Gov. George
Romney's Blue Ribbon Citizens'
Committee or by the Board of
Brennan, noting that the
board was moving toward this
plan as fast as possible, felt
decisions made before such a
plan was developed could have
to be reversed later. Huff also
encouraged the development of
a "long range plan" before
major actions are taken.
James Browning, dean of
Port Huron Junior College and
president of the Michigan
Council of Community College
Administrators, stressed the
need to wait for such a plan
considering that it would com-
mit state cdmmunity colleges to
accepting some 150,000 addi-
tional students by 1975.
Browning said that the com-
rnunity and junior colleges
definitely be able to accept the
added students by 1975, "re-
leasing the University for jun-
ior-senior and graduate edu-
cation." He said such a plan
would also allow many students
a more successful college career,
as it would permit them to
adjust to the new environment
munity colleges to expand while
allowing the University to con-
centrate on higher-level in-
struction, "an area in which it
has always excelled."
The board is planning to
develop a state-wide plan for
educational development by
1968, Brennan said and "this
plan is one which could even-
tually be developed by , the
board." He said, however, that
the board will probably not be-
gin setting policy in this area
for some six months.
Charles Orlebeke, Gov. George
Romney's assistant for educa-
tion, said the recommendations
would have no effect on the
either this year or next year.
'Rape Only Rumored,
Say Police, Iingley
By JULIE FITZGERALD
Both the Office of Student Affairs and the Ann Arbor police flatly
deny the rumor that a University coed was assaulted and seriously
injured or killed this weekend.
"There was no incidence of assault over the weekend," Director
of Student Activities and Organizations John Bingley said emphatical-
ly last night.'
The Ann Arbor police said they have no record of either an
attempted rape or rape for this period. They commented that there
was considerable confusion Friday night in the vicinity of the Law
Quadrangle and Martha Cook
Residence on South Universityo
because of a traffic accident. R ert N t
Accident R p
The rumor reportedly started
from the accident, involving ai.o
couple on a motorcycle and a car.
Ambulances and police cars were A national television program,
present at the scene. "That Was the Week that Was,"
The police, added they were try- delivered several "bad taste"
ing to track down the origins of awards last night. Among them:'
gthe rumor. They said they had "To the two Michigan coeds who
checked local hospitals and could reportedly beat up Ma'rina Oswald
find no basis for the claims that in a hallway last week."
a girl had been assaulted and ser- Mrs. Oswald is currently study-
iously injured or killed. ing at the University in the Eng-
lish Language Institute.
Many students asserted that the Such a rumor did appear on
rumor was true but when ques- campus last week, was checked by
tioned last night by The Daily, The Daily and couldn't be sub-
they could not give a specific stantiated. After a barrage of
source for their information or phone calls last night, The Daily
name any of the people presum- rechecked its sources and has
ably involved, come up with the following:
Unfounded -Such a story may have orig-
unfounded-'inally appeared as a gossip item
The unfounded rumor apparent- in a New York newspaper.
ly spread through the entire cam- nNed resaer n
pus but residents of Martha Cook -United Press International in
were particularly concerned about Detroit was asked to checkm such
the rmor.a story two weeks ago and came
the rumor. up with nothing.' Last week, a
Acting on the basis of the false query concerning the story was-
rumor, Wenley House in West sent from Chicago UPI to De-
Quadrangle discussed expanding troit UPI over the UPI wire (this
their present escort service for is a standard practice). The query
University coeds by using both was immediately answered in the
men from fraternities and other negative, but UPI speculates than,
houses in the quadrangles. They someone may have picked it up as
are -still planning expansion of the a story anyway.
program but only within Wenley. -The Ann Arbor police ran their
Wenley House established the own independent investigation and
escort service two weeks ago after believes that the story is an out-
-ouratsermptedtw s a gltsneafthergrowth of another rumor concern-
four attempted assaults near the ing a coed being "murdered" in
campus area. Police records show front of the Law Quad. "We have
no evidence of attempted assaults not report whatsoever," a spokes-
sice that time. man said. -
The escort service consists of -Vice-President for Student Af-
s volunteers from the house who fairs Richard L. Cutler talked per-
e offer their services 24 hours a day. sonally with Mrs. Oswald after
- Women may take advantage of the TV program last night and
this offer by phoning the house. says the rumor is untrue.
King Urges Bill
To Protect Votes
By The Associated Press
WASHIINGTON-Martin Luther King Jr. urged President Lyndon
B. Johnson last night to back a 1965" civil rights bill "securing voting
rights for Negroes without delay and harassment."
The Negro civil rights leader said he told Johnson and Vice Presi-
dent Hubert H. Humphrey that such a law must provide automatic
machinery to eliminate "crippling discretion on the part of hostile
King spoke to newsmen after Johnson summoned him from a
meeting with Humphrey and Atty.
Negro voting problems symbolized
by recent friction in Selma, Ala.
King's meeting with Johnson
came as something of a surprise,
because after he had demanded
such a meeting last weekend, the
White House suggested that he
take his problem to Humphrey
Earlier in the day, King led a
right-to-vote drive within the
shadow of Montgomery, Alabama's
state capital, but failed to get the
turnout he had hoped for.
He met no resistance from voter
Less than 200 Negroes joined
the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize winner
in the four-block walk along Dex-
ter Avenue, and only 100 of them
got in line to apply for registra-
tion. All of them had been given
their applications within the first
One of King's principal aims in
talking to Johnson was to smooth
the way toward further legisla-
tion insuring the vote for Negroes.
Chances for such legislation this
year are fairly good, but congres-
sional opinions differ on whether
more legislation or an amendment
to the federal constitution will
best do the job of strengthening
the nation's civil rights statutes,
according to Rep. Weston Vivian
He also cited two major bar-
riers to the Negro voter-inade-
quate court orders and unwilling
local registrars. He noted that a
recent Selma court order .stipu-
lated the removal of complicated
literacy tests and ordered the pro-
cessing of at least 10} applica-
tions a day, but did not say how
many days a month the registra-
tion booths had to be open. Un-
willing registrars used this obvious
loophole as a dodge, and the fact
that the loophole existed was bit-
terly criticized by King's asso-
ciates in Selma, Vivian said.
Gen. Nicholas Katzenbach over
By GAIL BLUMBERG
Within one day after the an-
nouncement of junior women's
apartment permission, a freshman
woman sought out Mrs. Elizabeth
Leslie, associate director of Stu-
dent Activities and Organizations
and coordinator of off-campus
housing, to request special soph-
omore apartment permission.
M SGC To Vote
On Grants for
Student Government Council
tonight has a light agenda con-
sistinghmainly of follow-up reports
on last week's business and a mo-
tion calling for the establishment
of a student conference fund com-
The conference fund motion
would set up a committee to dis-
perse grants tosstudents attending
conferences as University dele-
Following up on Council's de-
cision last week to recommend
1 changes in the student rental
agreement, President Douglas:
Brook, '65, and Gary Cunningham,
t '66, will report on their meeting
This was but one expected re-
sponse to the Office of Student
Affairs' announcement which has
stimulated prompt reaction from
students and raised such questions
as the availability of apartments
and the possible threat to the sor-
Since the announcement was
made, Assembly Association and
the Off-Campus Housing Bureau
have been flooded with calls from
sophomore women, some of whom
had already signed leases, ques-
tioning the mechanics of lease
signing and residence hall contract
One area of concern was the
statement by Vice-President for
Student Affairs Richard L. Cutler
that students should not sign
leases for apartments not yet built
since unbuilt units have received
neither certification by the city
nor University endorsement.
This ruling would affect the 18-
story high-rise structure on South
University whose completion date
is August 15. Cutler said that stu-
dents interested in this building
would have to wait until August
to sign a lease.
President Hatcher greeted the
OSA move with enthusiasm, say-
ing that the move was proper, con-
sidering the background and ma-
turity of University students.
Effect on Sororities
Leads to Questions
tal system was 132 places short of Cutler has estimated that two-
capacity. thirds of Ann Arbor apartments do
Panhellenic President Ann Wick- use these rental agreements.
ins, '65, feels that, while the de- As to the effect of increased
cision has come too late to ef- apartment permission on the resi-
fect new sophomore pledges, the dence halls, former Assembly Pres-
sororities may have to reevaluate ident Maxine Loomis, '65N, see,
their definition of active members. the decision as a challenge to th
Many juniors may wish to live in residence halls to become compe-
apartments and most sororities titors in the housing market.
require their actives to live in the
sorority house. This reevaluation
will be left up to the individual]NEGROhHsShORi
houses, she said.
When senior apartment permis-
sion was granted there were not lc
fewer upperclassmen rushing, Miss
Wickins said, although the number Pt i
of rushees has not increased with
the University enrollment increase. By MICHA
The availability of apartments, "The notion of pointing to
according to Cutler, was one of cator of racial inferiority is passe,'
the major factors affecting the of the Detroit Common Council, sa
OSA decision. While he received Patrick spoke at the 49th ar
reasonable assuranc from Ann Ar- History Week on the topic, "The
bor realtors that the apartment Future."e
market could absorb additional He noted that on the basis
students, Cutler expressed a con-
cern that there just might not be World War I, "it was claimed t:
enough apartments. Negro inferiority." Yet later revi
However, John S. Stegeman of results did not hold up under mod
Charter Realty said that there are Infe
enough apartments to meet the the original reports led to a
REP. WESTON VIVIAN
In USW Voting
PITTSBURGH () - Incumbent
President Davil J. McDonald held
a slight lead in early and unoffi-
cial returns last night as the AFL-
CIO United Steelworkers voted
coast to coast in an election that
could have impact on the national
Unofficial returns reported from
1,149 locals of . the union's 3,092
in this country and Canada gave
McDonald 68,225 votes, to 67-507
for I. W. Abel, the USW's secre-
tary-treasurer who has helped Mc-
Donald guide the union's fortunes
for the past 12 years and seeks
to oust him.
k Sees Gi
individual achievement as an indi-
" William T. Patrick, former member
id last night.
nnual observance of National Negro
Negro and Politics: Past, Present and
of army classification tests during
here was scientific evidence of the
ews of these tests showed that their
ern scientific inquiry.
"calculated sense of inferiority" of
rowth of Group Actions
-In politics, Patrick noted that although many Negroes have
achieved positions, this is more "a tribute to their own abilities" than
to that of Negroes as a group. He said the low number of Negro
politicians is not a true indication of political progress.
Patrick said politics "used to be regarded as a game," or "a pro-
fession.' He added that until the advent of atomic power, there was
an "abdication of moral judgments by the people" to the politicians.
From then on, people began to take interest in the judgments the
politicians were making.
Birth of Revolt
"The Negro revolt was born in this atmosphere," he said. Tracing
the civil rights movement, Patrick pointed to the "explosion of the
legal basis of segregation" in the Supreme Court "Brown vs. Board of
Education" decision as the first big step.
At that time Negroes began "an effort to make America know
about segregation." They wished to "influence public opinion by turn-
ing the conscience of the country to something dreadful-the condi-
tions of Negroes in the South," he added.
demand and that the apartment
market is ready and able to ex-
Another city realtor, who prefers
ton re~main iunnamed. agreed .say-
Negroes, Patrick said. The Association for the Study of Negro Life
and History, which began the National Negro History Week ob-
servances, was "born out of a fervent desperation to rid Negroes of
this sense of inferiority," he said.