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February 05, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-02-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

I

Set iy-Fift Yaw
EDrrE AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY O BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Wkeve Opinions Are Fr, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARsg, MIct. NEWS Pi-oNE: 764-0552
Tnrth Will Prevail
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, 5 FEBRUARY 1965 NIGHT EDITOR: LAUREN BAHR

"You Think It's Safe For Me To Go In Now?"

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
President Attends to
Problems at Homne

4

Alternatives to University
Involvement in State Politics

RELATIONS BETWEEN the University
and Lansing became a little tauter
yesterday morning with the airing in The
Daily of administrative dissatisfaction
with the budget cut recommended by the
governor's office.
The possibility of political surprises
notwithstanding, the wisdom of. carrying
the battle for a more generous University
General Fund appropriation to the Leg-
islature is questionable. Arguments over
education problems and policies must not
be undertaken in the Legislature. The
continuing spectacle of college and Uni-
versity lobbyists in Lansing corridors
hardly adds to whatever luster higher
education in Michigan may have.
THERE ARE SEVERAL alternatives to
this present structure. These alterna-
tives should not be lost sight of in the
full-scale hassle heralded by the open-
ing shots of two days ago.
In the book "State Politics and the
Public Schools," Nicholas Masters and
others discuss how education policy is
formulated in Michigan, Missouri and
Illinois.
In the latter two states, formulas
have been developed to achieve con-
sensus. The Missouri School Teachers
Association, representing virtually all
of the claimants, adjusts its demands
each year to what the other partici-
pants in the decisions will accept,
and consequently most of its recom-
mendations are adopted. Similarly, in
Illinois the School Problems Commis-
sion, combining the stated goals of
the professional educators with a rec-
ognition of political realities is able
to formulate proposals acceptable to
all elements within the Legislature,
as well as the governor.... In Michi-
gan, there is no group that has come
to represent the "best thinking possi-
ble to solve the state's education
problems."
GIVEN MICHIGAN'S very high financial
commitment to education and this lack
of a means of reaching consensus on
educational policy, disarray and non-poli-
cy result.
H. NEIL BERKSON, Editor
KENNETH WINTER EDWARD HERSTEIN
Managing Editor Editorial Director
ANN GWIRTZMAN ............... Personnel Director
BILL BULLARD ........................ Sports Editor
MICHAEL SATTINGER .... Associate Managing Editor
JOH1N KENNY............ Assistant Managing Editor
DEBORAH BEATTIE .... Associate Editorial Director
LOUISB LIND ........Assistant Editorial Director in
Charge of the Magarine
TOM ROWLAND............. Associate Sports Editor
GARY WYNER .............. Associate Sports Editor
STEVEN HALLER..............Contributing Editor
MARY LOU BUTCHER .. ........ Contributing Editor
JAMES KESON................Chief Photographer
NIGHT EDITORS: Lauren Bahr, David Block, John
Bryant, Robert Johnston, Michael Juliar, Laurence
Kirshibaum, Leonard Pratt.
ASSISTANT NIGHT EDITORS: William Benoit, Bruce
Bigelow, Gail Blumberg, Michael Dean, John Mere-
dith, Barbara Seyfried, Judith Warren.
Business Staff
JONATHON R. WHITE, Business Manager
SYDNEY PAUKER........... Advertising Manager
JUDITH GOLDSTEIN.......... Finance Manager
BARBARA JOHNSTON .........Personnel Manager
JAY GAMPEL ........... Associate Business Manager
JUNIOR MANAGERS: Susan Crawford, Lynne Edel-
stein. Joyce Feinberg, Judith Fields, Judith Grohne,
Judith Popovits, Patricia Termini, cy Wellman.
ASSISTANT MANAGERS: Harry Bloch, Samuel Cha-
et:, Julie Emerson, Doris Giant, Jeffrey Leeds, Gail
Levin, Susan Mikulski, Susan Perlstadt, Jill Tozer.
Subscription rates: $4.50 semester by carrier ($5 by
mail); $8 yearly by carrier ($9 by mail).
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.
Published daily Tuesday through Sunday morning.

When expenditures reach these
(Michigan's) levels, most legislators
are not inclined to make any distinc-
tion between money needed for pub-
lic schools and money needed for
higher education. Rather, we were
told by one informant they think
simply in terms of "How much money
will the educators want this year."
This attitude has been very telling in
the budget appropriations of recent
years. And it shows again that the Leg-
islature is hardly the place to seek fi-
nancial redress based on broad consid-
erations of educational policy.
The State Board of Education, give
new powers under the new constitution,
will hopefully become powerful and in-
fluential enough to alleviate these prob-
lemns so the educators can go back to
educating.
ALTERNATIVELY, the University could
disregard state support and look to
other sources. With respect to federal
and voluntary alumni support, the Uni-
versity is already doing very well. But one
possibility has been largely ignored.
The University is presently granting de-
grees at the rate of about 7000 per year.
Working on the rough assumption that
each of these degrees is worth about
$100,000 in the course of a lifetime, the
degrees represent about $700 million
worth of earning power bestowed by the
University every year.
The recipients are presently paying
about $14 million per year in the form
of tuition for this service. There are
many ways in which the University can
get more return for the education it is
providing. Tuition could be raised con-
siderably and long-term loans provided,
to be repaid by the students when they
are reaping the rewards made possible
by the University. Or the University
could insist that some of those extra dol-
lars earned be returned to it. Ten per
cent of $700 million is a $70 million an-
nual fillip to the University budget.
Both of these schemes make those that
receive the benefits pay the costs, which
is preferable to getting money through
a gerrymandered tax structure which
places the costs on whoever buys cigar-
ettes, liquor or food. There is no inher-
ent correlation between these groups and
those who are benefiting from the high-
er education offered at the University.
IF THE UNIVERSITY wishes to run it-
self according to the dictates of what
it thinks to be the best educational poli-
cies, it should have no formal responsi-
bility to outside groups. It could then
simply act as a seller of goods-educa-
tion and some research and advice -
whether to students, the state, industry,
the nation or the world.
A recent article by Peter Drucker in
Harper's ("American Directions: A Fore-
cast"), says that "the center of our poli-
tical stage is now being taken over by
a new power group: a professional, tech-
nical and managerial middle class - very
young, affluent, used to great job secur-
ity and highly educated." That last at-
tribute is the distinctive offering of the
University. Higher education is highly
valuable and is recognized as such.
The University's bargaining position vis
a vis the rest of society is potentially very
strong. It Is silly in such a situation to
beg.
--ROBERT JOHNSTON

By WALTER LIPPMANN
SEEN FROM the sidelines, it has
been particularly impressive to
note how the beginning of the
Johnson administration has been
marked by a change of emphasis
and direction. For the first time
in the 25 years since the start of
the second world war, the main
attention of the President is not
fixed upon the dangers abroad,
but on the problems and the pros-
pects at home.
It will be a great mistake, I am
sure, to read this as meaning that
the country is withdrawing into
isolation, having lost interest in
the world abroad. What has hap-
pened is that there is for the time
being a conjuncture of events
abroad which makes it safe and
prudent for the country to abate
its anxiety and to pay attention
to its own affairs. For these af-
fairs have been sacrified and
grievously neglected for a quarter
of a century.
THE PRESIDENT'S budget and
his messages compose, it seems to
me, a brilliantly contrived and in-
tegrated program for initiating
those progressive reforms which
are at once necessary and prac-
ticable. Read as a whole, the col-
lection of messages shows the
President to be a bold innovator
who is likely to succeed because
he is deeply in touch with the
great central mass of American
sentiment and opinion.
We have rarely, if ever, seen at
the beginning of a new adminis-
tration such a coherent program,
such insight and resourcefulness.
The President has grasped the
nettle of race relations, of church
and state controversy, of business
confidence and the welfare state
with a sure and skillful hand.
There is an international con-
text for the explicit Johnson pro-
gram. Though the President did
not talk about it because it is not
ripe to be talked about from, his
office, the state of the world to-
day permits and justifies the pre-
occupation with American domes-
tic affairs. I do not, of course, pre-
sume to know or to say how the
President -- if he were given to
generalization and speculation,
which he isn't--would describe the
state of world affairs which is
implied in his policies and pro-
gram. But the state of the world
can be described somewhat as
follows.
THE POSTWAR period which
has lasted for 20 years has kept
us all preoccupied with the un-
finished business of the world war.
It has not been possible to make
a settlement of that war, either in
Europe, where Germany and the
Continent are partitioned, or in
Eastern Asia, where Korea, China

and Indo-China are partitioned
and Japan is separated from the
Ryukyus.
This postwar period is now end-
ing. The period we have entered
upon is already plainly visible in
Europe, and quite dimly it is just
beginning to appear in East Asia.
This post-postwar period will see
a general movement toward the
settlement of the second world
war.
The hard core of the settlement
will be the inevitable return to
normal after the convulsions
which the world war produced.
Thus, in Europe the collapse of
Hitler's Nazi empire brought the
Russians to the Elbe'River in the
middle of Europe. The Soviet tide
will have to recede. In fact, it has
quite visibly already begun to re-
cede. In East Asia the collapse of
the Japanese empire brought the
United States to the Asian main-
land and to some of the islands
off its shores. This is an exten-
Sion of our political power beyond
its normal and natural limits, and
like the Russians in Europe the
American tide will have to recede.
* * *
IT IS AS abnormal for the
United States to be in Seoul, in
Okinawa, in Quemoy and Matsu
and Formosa; in Saigon and Hue
as it is abnormal for the Russians
to be in Berlin, Warsaw, Prague,
Budapest, Bucharest and Sofia.
The settlement of the world war,
which must come someday is cer-
tain to mean correction of the
great displacements of power-of
the Russian power into the heart
of Europe and of American power
onto the mainland of Asia.
The historical reality cannot be
understood in terms of battles
which are won or lost. The whole
historical process is more like a
geological phenomenon, like the
subsiding of the earth and the re-
turn of the waters after a great
upheaval. It is a callow kind of
jingoism to talk of victory for us
and defeat for the Soviet Union
as it accommodates itself to the
growing intercourse between the
two halves of Europe. And it is
panic-mongering to flagellate our-
selves into paroxysms of anguish
and shame at the prospect of ne-
gotiating settlements which end
our entanglements in East Asia.
The role of the United States
in the world today is to use its
power, its resources, its brains a~d
its experience to see that this in-
evitable readjustment in Europe
and Asia comes to pass decently
and honorably. The time has come
to stop imagining ourselves to be
the "leader" of Europe. The time
has come to stop beating our
heads against stone walls under
the illusion that we have been
appointed policemen to the human
race.
(c), 1965, The Washington Post Co.k

T

r'

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Bill Negates Property Rights

To the Editor:
VIOLENCE or lack of it is not
the test of the public accom-
modations section of the Civil
Rights Bill. Laurence Kirshbaum
(Aftermath of the Rights Act,
Jan. 28) misses the wholeepoint:
the accommodations section is
bad because it is a clear negation
of the property rights of men to
use their privately owned facili-
ties as they wish, but without
force or fraud.
The section is a precedent which
clearly establishes that any busi-
ness which caters to the public,
which means any business not a
private club, does not have the
right to govern its own, operations,
which is tantamount to unstated
and implicit socialism.
The government did this in the
name of civil or human rights.
But the juxtaposition of human
and property rights is a gross
contradiction (although I have
heard a professor of intellectual
history attempt it). The right of
the indidivual to act on his own
behalf to acquire and use pro-
perty is the most fundamental of
all human rights outside of the
right to life itself.
IF A MAN is not allowed to con-
trol the use of his property (ac-
quired and used without force or
fraud), then he does not "own"
his life. He is then a slave. Man
is thus relegated to the status of
servant-of the state, society and
the bureaucracy. Is this the end
of the search for civil rights?
Stated or unstated, this is the
only end possible if property rights
are sacrificed to ill-defined, un-
based, so-called civil rights: re-
version to slavery.
And no one has more to lose
from destruction of property
rights than the Negro; for instead
of establishing long-term econom-
ic independence through acquisi-
tion of property, the Negro would
simply be switching his depend-
ence from the racist segregation-
ists to the bureaucracy. Neither is
trustworthy.
The libertarian defense of pri-
vate property is the only way to
achieve a theory of ownership

fully consonant with economic in-
dependence. Thus the Civil Rights
Bill is inimical to the interests of
all men and should be repealed at
once.
-Michael Hyman, '65
Sniffles
To the Editor:
DOES IT really matter that
Johnson had a cold, or that
Rusk caught the sniffles?
Wouldn't it even be irrelevant
if they both had bronchitis?
I think it was very shoddy and
inexcusable the way we were rep-
resented at the Churchill funeral.
No doubt it wouldn't have hasten-
ed their recovery, but I think
that we owe Churchill and our
closest ally more than a couple
of Health Service excuses.
But then I forgot that it is .o
much more important '.o appear
coatless and virile at a pol i al
function, than to make a states-
man-like gesture.
-Anita Streeter, '65
Stay-In
To the Editor:
JUST THE other evening, I had
finished building an FM-stereo
tuner, when I was amazed to hear,
through the speaker on the left,
the news from a Harvard Univer-
sity station that an alliance of
Young Republicans, student g,v-
ernment, The Daily and unspeci-
fied faculty groups had urged a
"stay-in" at Ann Arbor theatres
to protest high prices.
The naive mind might imagine
that a boycott of some sort might
be more to the point, but clearly,
.the achievement of such a con-
sensus should not pass completely
unnoticed.
In Cambridge, of course, the
$1.25 price has come to be accept-
ed, almost welcomed. Except for
the Brattle Theatre, which keeps
the traditional $1 price even for
the current Bogart Festival.
I DISCUSSED the "stay-in"
concept briefly with some Har-

vard students who, perhaps ser-
iously, thought that the best de-
fense against those who over-
charge students would be buying
things somewhere else. This is
easier said than done in Ann Ar-
bor, of course.
In any event, I offer. my sym-
pathies to all concerned with this
"stay-in" which seems so obviously
destined to fail. Especially, I am
thankful for being away from Ann
Arbor now; the thought of sitting
through an extra half-hour of
most recent films is about as
frightening as thought of SGC,
The Daily, and the Young Re-
publicans finally reaching agree-
ment.
-David Kessel, '60
Cambridge, Mass.
Protest
To the Editor:
FROM THE DAILY, Jan. 23:
"..pickets fromn . . . , the
Independent Socialist Club, and
... marched ... in front of the
Michigan and State Theatres" in
protest against increases in the
prices of theatre admissions. This
action demonstrates that the self-
styled socialists are ignorant of
the nature of capitalism and of
the goals of socialism.
It establishes that the so-called
socialist protestors are nothing
more than capitalist reformers
who mistakenly believe that the
undesirable effects of capitalism
can be eliminated without elim-
inating the capitalist system, a
system in which all useful things
including labor power are com-
modities. The values of commodi-
ties, including that of labor power,
are measured by the "cost of pro-
duction."
The prevailing prices of com-
modities reflect the conditions of
the market, conditions which are
born out of the commodity status
to which all useful things are
subjected under capitalism. By and
large, prices are not subject to
the whims or desires of individuals
or groups, no matter how much
such individuals or groups may be
affected by prices.
AS COLLEGE STUDENTS be-
come workers (employes) vhich
most of them will be, will they be
as concerned about the price
which they receive for their labor
power which, in the long run,
represents the exchange value of
their labor power? Will they then
realize that the goods and services
which they deliver to their capital-
ist employers represent a great
deal more than they, the em-
ployes, are being paid for? And if
they do, will they then organize
to establish genuine socialism in
which each will receive the full
social value of his labor rather
than the small fraction which is
now returned to eachnworker in
the form of wages?
If they fail to recognize their
wage slave status under capitalism
and unite with all vworkers to
make the means of production
social property and to establish a
functional socialist industrial gov-

MAXINE AND MISS JELKES RESTRAIN SHANNON

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'NIGHT OF THE IGUANA':
Civic Theatre Performs
with Only Minor Flaws
TENNESSEE WILLIAMS' "Night of the Iguana" is the third produc-
tion of the Ann Arbor Civic Theatre. The play is representative of
Williams' style with its collection of babes, battle axes and lost souls.
Heading the latter category is Rev. T. Lawrence Shannon, an ex-
Episcopal clergyman who has been reduced to conducting groups of
fearsome females through the tropics.
On this particular journey, Shannon is haunted by a brassy young
babe, a middle-aged monster and a sporadic "spook." But Shannon is
not without a shoulder to lean on-in fact, he has four. The first pair
belong to Maxine Faulk, the over-bearing manager of the Costa Verde
Hotel, the second pair to Miss Hanna Jelkes, a spinster painter who
travels with her grandfather.
* * * *
GENE GILLIAM (Shannon) seems to be struggling for something
in his performance which he never quite attains. He frequently over-
plays Shannon's anguish, pushing the character almost beyond the
point of credibility.
Carol Duffy (the brassy Maxine) gives a most convincing per-
formance as does Loraine Reid, who plays the demanding Miss Fellows.
Again, both seem to push their characters a bit harder than necessary.
Karen Henes gives a generally admirable portrayal of the cool, but
compassionate Hannah Jelkes.
* * * *

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BY FAR, THE best performances of the evening are given by
Kingsbury Marzolf (Nonno) and Jennifer Groves (Charlotte Goodall).
Although the marts are small and limited, the portrayals assuredly are

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