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February 03, 1965 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-02-03

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Slim trdtgan Batil
Seventy-Fi f tbYear
EDITE AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS or THE UNIVE.xuTY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Each Time I Chanced To See Franklin D.
There Could Be a Cure for 'Berkeley Crises'
by II. Neil Berkson

Sopinions Are Fe 420 MAYNARD ST.; ANN ARBOR, MICH.
rut~s Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, 3 FEBRUARY 1965 NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT HIPPLER

Resident Scholar Offers
What 2200 Others Can't

AT FIRST GLANCE, the proposal to es-
tablish a scholar-in-residence here
for three weeks in 1965 may sound absurd.
The University invests over $25 million
annually to maintain 2200 scholars-in-
residence working on a year-round basis
to stimulate and develop the adolescent
mind. What can one man, operating with-
in the confines of three weeks, add to the
honor roll of scholars and teachers and
writers already here?
But, on second thought, the proposal to
bring Louis E. Lomax, writer, philosopher
and humanitarian, here for lectures, pan-
els and informal discussions offers an in-
vigorating prospect.
It will cost more than $4000 for hous-
ing, travel and honorarium, but if the
purpose of the residence program can be
realized, the money will be well invested.
THIS PURPOSE was outlined in a letter
dispatched to major student organiza-
tions and relevant academic departments
by Elizabeth Sumner of the Office of
Religious Affairs. Based upon discussions
with Lomax, she suggested that the orga-
nizations and departments - including
philosophy, American studies and jour-
nalism-plan and finance the visit.
For a theme, Lomax proposed to analyze
the growing schism between America's
sacrosanct heritage of religious, ethnic
and economic freedom and the depressing
realities of separatism, bigotry and pov-
erty.
But the beauty of the in-residence pro-
gram lies not just in the theme but in its
format and impact.
THE FORMAT, unlike the classroom's
organized structure where the teacher
dispenses prepared material to submissive
students, would be geared to interchange.

It would be planned jointly by students
and faculty.
The arrangenents would call for Lo-
max to spend time in a centralized place
where students could come and chat. He
would, of course, lecture and address
classes, but even here the student could
sift the material for his personal benefit
-rather than for regurgitation on the
next examination.
As an outgrowth of the format, combin-
ed with Lomax's dynamic personality, the
force of his ideas would be far greater
than the impact of the average scholar-
in-residence. Lomax, although he has dis-
tinguished himself through publication,
would be here to teach. He would not be
burdened with all the petty details in-
volved in performing research, handling
committee assignments and administrat-
ing classes which handicap the average
professor.
He would not have the same ties to
the University hierarchy. Since he would
be sponsored by a grass-roots group of
faculty and students, Lomax would not
need to please department chai'rmen or
administrative officers to gain promotion.
If anything, his time and obligations
would be set by people interested in stir-
ring controversy; armed with topics such
as religion and race, and limited by time,
Lomax might well oblige.
JN SHORT, the proposal for a three-
week scholar - in - residence program
makes very good sense. But it will require
student and faculty support in terms of
time and money. Academic departments
and student organizations, whether or not
they have been solicited thus far, should
move quickly to support this program. It
could provide an educational dimension
here which the other 2200 scholars can't.
-LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM

pHILADELPHIA-The most unfortunate aspect of the
Berkeley protest has been the distorted picture
drawn by the commercial press, and, more surprising,
within circles of higher education. The press, which
usually analyzes events from its own preconceived view,
only looked deep enough to scratch a lonely American
Communist daughter in the ranks of the Free Speech
Movement. Ironically, the closer a paper was to the
scene, the more its perspective seemed to suffer.
Concerning educators themselves, there is currently
a rumor circulating that the University of California
administration sent a confidential memo to twenty-five
presidents of large universities declaring that "outside
elements" caused Berkeley and were planning similar
spring disturbances across the country. Whether or not
the memo actually exists, two points are clear:
--Presidents of a number of universities are aware
of this claim (some of the more responsible ones have
tried to check it out independently);
-Some administrations are extremely worried about
the possibility of "spring riots."
THIS ATTITUDE, which apparently verges on panic
in some cases, is ill-founded and dangerous. In the
first place, certain aspects of the Berkeley situation do
not exist in the same combination elsewhere. Students
were faced with arbitrary rules upheld by an arbitrary,

confused, administration. Moreover, the Berkeley educa-
tional community includes a large number of drop-outs
who were able to devote quite a bit of time to organized
protest.
Nevertheless, a university could make no worse
mistake than to head-off a "rebellion" by "clamping
down." The relationships between students, faculty and
administration have serious deficiencies, but the one
area in which students will take only so much is rules
and regulations.
The University, while overly concerned about Berke-
ley (i.e., there is too much obsession with the threat
of riot, too little concern for some of the underlying
educational issues), has not reacted negatively.
MORE IMPORTANT, the University appears to be
drawing the right lessons from its California rival's
problems. This University, or any institution of higher
learning, must draw more students into the academic
policy questions.
The greatest problem large universities face is their
atmosphere of anonymity. Breaking down this atmos-
phere means involving students in the decision making
process. The advantages are two:
-By opening lines of communication with more
students the administration will increase campus-wide

understanding of its problems;
-In many cases a student perspective will provide
solutions which otherwise might not have been con-
sidered.
Indications are that the administration and faculty
here want to bring more students into the planning and
decision-making process. The residential college is one
example. The action-oriented group of ten students and
ten professors being formed under the sponsorship of the
Senate's Student Relations Committee is another.
In the absence of a useful student government, ad
hoc student groups should undertake their own exam-
ination of University problems. One such group is al-
ready in formation.
ANY STUDENT INVOLVEMENT in policy forma-
tion must be accompanied by thorough research. Our
fond counterpart of the FSM - the now-forgotten Stu-
dent-Action League - failed miserably because its de-
nunciation was not grounded in evidence Policy ques-
tions around here have a long history in many contin-
gencies. They require much more homework than most
classes.
The results of considered student participation, how-
ever, would make Harlan Hatcher look much better than
Clark Kerr.

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SIX-YEAR CAMPAIGN:
AMA Faces Defeat in Anti-Medicare Battle

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By HAROLD WOLMAN
DESPITE strenuous efforts to
prevent passage of Medicare,
the organization reputed to have
the strongest lobby in Washington
is now faced with impending de-
feat.
In fact, the very strength which
the American Medical Association
has demonstrated in preventing
passage of any bill may now deny
it any influence in shaping the

legislation which is now certain
to pass.
The AMA has based its anti-
Medicare campaignasince 1958 on
a concept of total opposition. Dur-
ing most of this time it has re-
fused to acknowledge the neces-
sity of any new legislation, claim-
ing that the Kerr-Mills Act was
sufficient to handle the medical
.needs of the elderly. However, the
Kerr-Mills Act, which gives
matching federal grants to states

setting up their own programs of
medical care for the aged, has not
been well utilized by most states.
Even the AMA now admits this.
BUT BEFORE it changed its
opinion of the Kerr-Mills Act, the
AMA mounted a massive cam-
paign designed to prove to both
the American public and Congress.
that Medicare was really an in-
vention of the devil. And with the
devil there can be no compromise.

-It Looks Like Rigor wuelitis"
- z
CP ,
00t

The Education of Trigon

THE INTERFRATERNITY .Executive
Committee took a deep breath last
week and announced that Trigon would
have to amend its bylaws, ritual and
pledging ceremony by Sept. 1 to comply
with IFC's anti-discrimination law.
The announcement was the latest and
most definite step in an artificial crisis
created by Trigon's failure to understand
the political and ethical position of IFC
and to differentiate between public prin-
ciple and private practice, as American
society has done for years.
The ruling followed months of care-
ifully conducted hearings, designed to
prove what most people had known all
along: that Trigon, originally a Meth-
odist men's club, had religious wording in
its ritual, which, according to IFC's mem-
bership committee, "may be repugnant to
persons of many religious faiths."
TRIGON NOW FACES the choice of al-
tering its procedures or expulsion from
IFOC.
On the surface the situation is unfor-
tunate; it places IFC in the position of
either punishing a fraternity which em-
phasizes high, if religious, ideals or toss-
ing its progressive anti-discrimination by-
law out the window. However, the entire
question becomes a little ridiculous if
one looks at the entire Greek discrimina-
tion situation on this campus.
In the past few years, a half-dozen or
H. NEIL BERKSON, Editor
KENNETH WINTER EDWARD BERSTEIN
Managing Editor Editorial Director
ANN GWIRTZMAN.............Personnel Director
BILL BULLARD .... ...........sports Editor
MICHAEL SATTINGER .... Associate Managing Editor
JOHN KENNY...........Assistant Managing Editor
DEBORAH BEATTIE..... Associate Editorial Director
LOUISE LIND ........ Assistant Editorial Director in
Charge of the Magazine
TOM ROWLAND..............Associate Sports Editor
GARY WYNER......... ....Associate Sports Editor
STEVEN HALLER ................ Contributing Editor
MARY LOU BUTCHER .......... Contributing Editor
J'AMES KWSON ............... Chief Photographer
NIGHT EDITORS: Lauren Bahr, David Block, John
Bryant, Robert Johnston, Michael Juliar, Laurence
Kirshbaum, Leonard Pratt.
ASSISTANT NIGHT EDITORS: William Benoit, Bruce
Bigelow, Gail Blumberg, Michael Dean, John Mere-
dith, Barbara Seyfried, Judith Warren.
Business Staff
JONATHON R. WHITE, Business Manager
SYDNEY PAUKER... . ...Advertising Manager

more fraternities and sororities have come
under fire for having "bias clauses" in
their constitutions. In each of these sit-
uations, some accommodation has been
made which supposedly clears the accused
organizations of the bias charges.
Yet no noticeable change has come over
any of the accused units after its sup-
posed redemption. The changed rules
didn't seem to affect practice to any
great extent.
WHY NOT? The answer lies in the fact
that there is very little real problem
of rush bias at the University. The num-
ber of non-whites rushing fraternities is
extremely small, and most houses give
them a polite rush and wait for them to
leave of their own volition. The Christian-
Jewish problem is alleviated by the exist-
ence of a group of predominantly Jewish
fraternities which are as strong, if not
stronger, than the predominantly Chris-
tian ones.
Thus very few complaints of rush dis-
crimination ever reach the stage Where
action is taken. The problem has re-
mained a theoretical question, not one of
compelling urgency.
Trigon is but the latest in a series of
accused Greek units. However, instead of
conforming to the society around it and
changing its written procedures, it chose
to stand on principles and use moral ar-
guments to convince IFC and the general
public that Trigon's practices were right
and ought to be allowed to remain in
writing.
Unfortunately, Trigon failed to realize
that IFC, having taken the responsibility
of keeping its own house clean in the
area of discrimination, has both a moral
and political obligation to eliminate writ-
ten "discrimination clauses." For Trigon
to expect IFC to practice public hypocrisy,
by allowing a member fraternity to flaunt
an IFC bylaw is ridiculous.
HOWEVER ONE DOOR remains open to
Trigon if it wishes to perpetuate itself
in the form in which it exists today. If
IFC will not practice hypocrisy in public,
Trigon can practice it in private, follow-
ing the course of a host of other affiliate
units by amending its written procedures
while continuing to use the old methods.
One ennt imnzoin TWF's memhrshin

In 1958 the AMA hired an ad-
vertising firm to advise it on how
to defeat Medicare. It has made
full use of television and news-
papers to bring its message to the
American people. It also has de-
voted great effort to mobilizing
its own members in the battle.
Doctors are often opinion leaders
in their communities; moreover
they are regarded by many with
blind faith as experts in medical
matters.
Strategically the AMA has con-
centrated heavily on showing the
demerits of the legislation to
members of the House Ways and
Means Committee, the committee
which the legislation must pass
before it can be considered by the
whole House. One of he AMA's
most effective tactics has been
putting congressmen on these
committees in touch with doctors
in their districts (including, at
times, personal physicians) who
are opposed to Medicare.
* * *
THE AMA has been successful
mostly because of an alliance they
were able to form with Wilbur
Mills (D-Ark), chairman of the
Ways and Means Committee.
Although Medicare has been
considered by the Senate three
times (and passed once), it L'as
never been voted out of Mills'
committee in the House.
Therehas always been reason
to suspect, however, that the
Mills-AMA alliance was uneasy at
best. Despite its opposition to Med-
icare, Mills is not a stereotype of
of the Southern conservative. A
graduate of Harvard law school
(he ranked his class), the Ar-
kansas Democrat has always been
a strong administration supporter.
Last year, according to Congres-
sional Quarterly, he voted in ac-
cordance with the President's po-
sition 77 per cent of the time,
compared with 71 per cent for the
average Democrat and 61 per
cent for the average southern
Democrat.
* * *
MILLS' OPPOSITION to Medi-
care has been based on the pro-
posed financing arrangements. A
strong proponent of the social
security system, he has expressed
fear that adding Medicare to the
social security tax would ultimate-
ly.bankrupt the entire system.
This is because hospital costs, he
claims, will rise faster in the next
decade than will the revenue taken
in with additional social security
taxes. The social security system,
which has always been self-
financing, would then go into
debt.

However, late last year, Mills let
it be known that he would not
be opposed to a system of financ-
ing operating on the social secur-
ity principle as long as the Medi-
care fund was kept administrative-
ly separate from the present social
security fund. This announcement
by Mills was a severe jolt to the
AMA to whom such subtleties are
largely irrelevent.
According to a member of the
Ways and Means Committee, in-
terviewed last month in Wash-
ington, the alliance between Mills
and the AMA has never been a
particularly comfortable one for
Mills. The spokesman, one of
Mills' appointees and close to the
chairman, remarked, "The AMA
is a pretty arrogant crowd. No
group which is as completely un-
realistic as they are can be too
effective around here for long.
Besides they embarrassed many
Congressmen favorable to them
with their vocal activities on
Goldwater's behalf during the
election."
* * *
ACCORDING to this source,
Mills will not attempt to continue
to delay consideration of Medi-
care. Instead, taking cognizance
of the large number of House
liberals in this Congress, it is
likely that the wily Arkansas rep-
resentative will take the lead in
rewriting the bill which will ul-
timately come out of his com-
mittee, so that he will be certain
it is favorable to his views.
And what about the AMA? It
has been left out in the cold by
Mills' manuevering. As Mills' as-
sociate commented, "The AMA has
never worked for compromise. It
has just shown blind, solid oppo-
sition."
On the Senate side, another
staff member working on the
Medicare legislation commented
on the AMA's current position.
"It has no complaint coming at all.
Any time the members wanted to
they could have walked in and
discussed the bill with us. They
haven't-and now they will have
to accept what comes out."
* * *
ONLY WITHIN the last month
has the AMA proposed any sug-
gestions sfor Medicare legislation
which it considers acceptable.
Rep. Thomas Curtis (R-Mo) has
introduced its plan in the House,
but little is expected to come of
it, nor is it expected to have much
influence. For the AMA, it may
have been a case of winning
battles for six years only to lose
the war because of the way it
fought its previous battles.

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-964 T-+ii74O<5r

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Three- Week Writer-in-Residence Is Unrealistic

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To the Editor:
THE PROPOSAL outlined in
Tuesday's Daily, to bring a
writer-in-residence, strikes me as
both ill-thought and ill -mannered.
Basically though, it is in keep-
ing with American tradition-that
of reducing artists to commodi-
ties, things, and pragmatically
"using" them to the fullest. Now,
I don't mind listening to a fine
writer, poet, musician, artist, but
I think a few points should be
kept in mind before well-inten-
tioned groups rush off spending
money like water.
FIRST, what can reasonably be
expected from any "artist-in-
residence?" It cannot be supposed
that he is an eternally-flowing

of university or college confron-
tation precisely because their in-
dependence, their integrity if you
will, is subverted the moment they
sign the contract. In this morn-
ing's paper I find Donald Hall's
anecdote pertinent: ". . . when a
new 'University president came in
the '20's and asked Frost in what
capacity he served here, Frost
was too proud to tell him. He
resigned because of his pride."
I cite the example of Katherine
Anne Porter, a novelist and short
story writer of genius. When she
came to the University many years
ago as a writer-in-residence, she
nearly killed herself trying to do
all the things everyone demanded.
She taught classes, gave lecturers,
seminars, discussions, "chat-ses-
sions." and was hounded by every

tive Arts Festival and other such
events.
But the premise on which this
program and its gross funds are
proceeding is wrong, wrong, wrong.
An artist can prepare a lecture,
a one-night stand. But it takes
time. For someone like Arthur
Miller at the Hopwood Lecture, it
was obvious that weeks had gone
into an hour lecture. I doubt if
he wrote much after that lecture.
For poet or artist, the situation
is the same. They cannot "be
brilliant" for one week, two weeks,
or any such ridiculously limited
time period.
I AM suggesting that those
eager people concerned do what
they should have done-think
about what it is they want and

your money's worth); or that you
have someone in residence say,
for a year-but that unreasonable
demands upon time and patience
are not made.
I know the celebratedand suc-
cessful Norton Lectures at Harvard
are only six in number- the
resident is then free to do what
he wishes. An artist should be
free. If he wants to give a read-
ing, teach a class, give a lectu:-e,
engage in dialogue, "chat-session,"
all right, but give him the free-
dom to decide. Contracting him to
a sweat-session of creativity is
both unrealistic and devoid of
good taste.
-George Abbott White, '65
Editor of Generation
and the New Poet Series

their well-oiled heels to the tune
of Tchaikovsky's 1812 overture.
Now it turns out, the whole blast-
ed campus is beginning to look
like a Red Army barracks (or
maybe Lady Snobbingham's Rid-
ing Academy for Well-Bred Young
Women).
If you've ever scanned the mag-
azine covers in the stores around
town, you'll notice a fairly com-
mon phenomenon. At least one
cover out of five depicts a half-
clothed, sadistic, whip-in-hand
female tormentor leering merci-
lessly at a defenseless, captive G.I.
And what is she wearing?-main-
ly slick, leather, knee-high boots!
If this trend keeps up, the male
population is in for a rough time.
(What next men? pink-trimmed
brass knuckles? peter pan collared

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