By LESLEY FINKELMAN
Assembly House Council requested yesterday that petitioning
for changes from one residence hall to another be directed in the
future to the University's Housing Office instead of to Assembly
Assembly President Maxine Loorfiis, '65, also noted a statement
made by Eugene Haun, director of residence halls, which said that
executive officers of AHC should be required to live in residence halls.
"Since his last Friday's statement, Dr. Haun has made a com-
EDITOR'S NOTE: The University is seeking $55.7 million in state
funds for its 1965-66 operations. This record sum represents an increase
of $11.6 million over the current year's appropriations of $44.1 million, a
jump of more than 25 per cent. This article is the second of a series
explaining why the University is requesting this unprecedented appro-
By DAVID BLOCK
The costliness of an expanded enrollment has been afforded
prime attention in the University's requested budget increase for
next year's operations. In its appropriation request, the University
has stated that additions to the teaching and non-teaching staffs
here, as well as the need for new and improved supplies and equip-
ment, are vital if the quality of education here is to continue de-
spite the pressures of rising enrollment.
A total of $6.8 million has been earmarked for these expansion
costs under the heading "Provision for Higher Enrollment and
Augmented Programs." Of this sum $4.3 million has been tabbed
for staff additions and $2.5 million for non-staff items.
Because of the "lean years" in state appropriations (1958-
1963) the student-faculty ratio here has declined from 13:1 in
1957-58 to the 14.8:1 ratio of the current year. The University has
proposed adding 281 new teachers to the faculty for next year's
operations which, assuming the fall enrollment projection of
30,900 is accurate, would reduce the student-faculty ratio to 13.8:1.
During the "lean years" the University's enrollment increased
plete and obvious reversal of his
Ne ro Voter
SELMA, Ala. (P-Negroes seek-
ing to register as voters lined up
yesterday without interference
from sheriff's deputies, but one
woman was jailed for slugging
Sheriff James G. Clark.
An out-of-town civil rights
worker was arrested for blocking
MARTIN LUTHER KING
the sidewalk where scores stood
awaiting their turn to take the
Some got ~into the registration
board's office in the Selma court-
house, but the progress was slow
and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
promised further court action if
necessary to accelerate the pace.
Sheriff's officers stood watch to
keep the Negroes lined up in sin-
gle file and to keep the sidewalk
open. Mindful of the newly issued
federal court injunction, the offi-
cers made no effort to break up
the throng of prospective voters.
The court order was handed
down Saturday by U.S. District
Judge Daniel H. Thomas after
Clark and his deputies had arrest-
ed more than 200 Negroes at the
courthouse in their attempt to
The attack on the sheriff came
shortly after King had led a large
group of Negroes to the court-
house to join a line of waiting
applicants which already number-
ed about 65.
Without warning, a heavyset
Negro woman stepped out of the
line and struck Clark in the left
eye with her fist and then hit him
again on the head.
She was taken to the courthouse
lawn by the sheriff and two of his
deputies, handcuffed and put into
a squad car. She was booked at
the county jail as Annie Lee Coop-
er of Selma.
Clark said the woman also hit
him three or four times during
The sheriff did not file a charge
against the woman. He said he
would leave that to Circuit Solici-
tor Blanchard McLeod.
Moments earlier, a Negro civil
rights worker identified as Willie
Lawrence McRay of Atlanta was
dragged from the sidewalk and
into the street by city police on
charges of blocking the sidewalk
and refusing to move.
McRay, a field worker for the
Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee, slumped to the pave-
ment rather than walk to the
police car and was dragged the
decision," Miss Loomis said. "As of
now, any executive member mus
be in a house or an associat
member of a house. There is n
ultimatum which says that mem
bers must live in a dorm," Mis
Haun's statement caused con
cern for four council member
who are running for executiv
offices and who plan to live in
apartments next year. One of th
candidates for presidency, Georgia
Berland, is a sophomore now, and
her opponent, Jane Worman, i
a junior. Elaine Davis and Judy
Klein are juniors running for th
"It is unheard of for the ad
ministration to set qualification
for members of AHC and othe
s t u d e n t organizations," Mis
Loomis said. "President Larry
Lossing of IFC doesn't .live ina
fraternity house. I live in an
apartment, but am an associate
member of Couzens Hall.
"It was a blatant move on Dr
Haun's part to make such a state-
ment, but as of today he says that
he is just concerned with the idea
and it is not an ultimatum," Miss
Richard Cutler, University vice-
president for student affairs, re-
fused comment on Haun's pre-
vious statement, saying that the
idea was not his and he didn't
know the intention behind it.
The Assembly Housing Commit-
tees recommended that the hous-
ing office concern itself with peti-
tions for changes in residence
halls because of the following
-The Housing Chairman of
AHC will be able to spend more
time on other projects such as
Bursley Hall, the new residence
hall book, and the overcrowding
that they are merely doing the
mechanics for the Housing Office
-There would be increased ef-
ficiency in transferring dorms
through the directors;
-In assigning rooms, the As-
sembly Housing Committee was
not sure in .the past that a room
would be a doubled-up room. With
the Housing Office's records, much
of the confusionas to 'iroom apa-
cities could be avoided;j
-Students could change dorms
all semester long rather than only
once a semester and
-The house mothers, affiliated.
with the housing 'office, know
more about the girls than the
housing committee could ever
know from a petition.
AHC passed the proposal unan-
imously, and it will become effec-
tive as soon as the housing com-
mittee works out details with the
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
by 4,214 and the teaching staff by 90, a ratio of 46:1. Taking into
account the 92 new teachers added to the staff this year and the
281 proposed for next year, it means that the University will have
been able to add 463 new faculty members since 1957-58 to accom-
modate 7,726 students, or about one teacher for every 16.1 new
Staff Increase Needed
Thus, the University argues that the $4.3 million planned for
staff increases next year is necsesary to help bring the student-
faculty ratio back down to the "pre-lean year" level. Since the
average ratio for colleges and universities in the country is be-
tween 13:1 and 14:1, the University also contends that the current
14.8:1 student-faculty ratio here places the University in an un-
favorable position in competition with other institutions.
In explaining to state officials the need to improve the student-
faculty ratio here the University has pointed out the unique char-
acter of its enrollment. In contrast to the situation in other tax-
supported institutions in the state, almost 40 per cent of the
University's enrollment is comprised of students involved in spe-
cialized, graduate and graduate-professional programs. These
categories require not only a higher paid faculty but also a much
more intensive student-faculty relationship than in the under-
The $2.5 million earmarked for non-staff items under the sec-
tion "Provision for Higher Enrollment and Augmented Programs"
includes the aquisition an4 continuation of instructional supplies,
the remodeling of certain classroom facilities and the updating of
In recent years the University has seemingly placed a light
emphasis on this area. For example, in its request for the current
year's operations the University designated only $524,000 of its
sought $9.3 million for improvements in instructional supplies and
Executive Vice-President Marvin L. Niehuss explained the
reason for this new concern in budgeting equipment expenses. He
said that up until this year much of the money spent on supplies
and equipment was unbudgeted and came from funds left over
from other appropriations, specifically staff salaries which were
unpaid because of deaths or resignations.
However, he commented that this source of funds was no long-
er adequate to handle many of the equipment deficiencies which
have developed in many areas of the University in recent years.
Niehuss commented further that the University in its last few
appropriation requests has placed a high priority on the size and
salaries of the teaching staff and has partially neglected other
areas, including teaching supplies and equipment. He said the
University now realizes that continued de-emphasis of the latter
has to cease, because a lack of instructional materials or outdated
equipment can serve to affect educational quality regardless of the
quality of the faculty.
VOL. LXXV, No. 102 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAYI 26 JANUARY 1965 SEVEN CENTS SIX PAGES
AIR FORCE ACADEMY, Colo
(0)-Forty more cadets, bringing
the total to 69, reportedly left
the U.S. Air Force Academy yes-
terday in the wake of a cheating
scandal triggered by an organized
ring that stole and sold examina-
tion papers to fellow students.
At the same time, details of the
1 ring's operations were made pub-
lic unofficially although not con-
firmed by academy administrators.
From cadets and enlisted per-
sonnel it was learned that a
third-year cadet stole a key and
broke into a locker containing test
papers just prior to the Christ-
mas midterm examinations.
Recruited 10 Cadets
This cadet, the unofficial re-
port said, then recruited 10 oth-
er cadets, some of them football
players, to sell the papers to other
students. The papers apparently
were copied and returned to the
file before the theft could be dis-
No names were disclosed.
On Friday, Jan. 15, two fresh-
men cadets learned of the opera-
tion. Monday they carried the in-
formation to faculty members. The
current scandal and its investi-
The figure of 40 additional res-
ignations to keep from facing
court martial was given by a
source in the information office.
The information office declined
to confirm or deny the report of
additional withdrawals. Col. Rich-
ard Haney, the information chief,
said "No comment."
Maj. Gen. Robert H. Warren,
academy superintendent, issued a
statement shortly before noon
"No additional information of
the current investigation will be
released today since there are no
developments beyond those given
to the press on Saturday, Jan. 23,
by Secretary of the Air Force Eu-
Warren said he intended to
clean up the case "abruptly and
fast." He predicted that it would
have long-range benefits.
Asked to elaborate, he said,
"Well, I think the honor system
will be strengthened as a result.
I think the cadets will have more
respect for it, and more credit will
go to the many boys who did not
permit themselves to be involved."
Zuckert announced Saturday
that at least 100 cadets were in-
volved in the current scandal, 30
of them members of the academy
football team. Previously, 29 ca-
dets had resigned.
Johnson for Request
congressmen have offered to back
President Lyndon B. Johnson's
new budget if Johnson moves to
abolish retail excise taxes. How-
ever, many were sharply critical
of What Sen. Bourke B. Hicken-
looper (R-Iowa) called "book-
keeping manipulation" in the bud-
Johnson has proposed a $1.75
billion reduction in excise taxes.
He did not single out any specific
levies, but it is known that he
favors knocking out the ten per
cent "nuisance" taxes on jewelry,
cosmetics, furs and luggage.
Chairman George Mahon (D-
Tex), of the House Appropriations
Committee, said "I personally
know that the President and his
associates have labored mightily"
to hold spending below $100 bil-
lion, but most GOP members were
Sen. Roman L. Hruska (R-
Neb) said the budget is replete
with "the same old magic tricks
"The most conspicuous example
of deception," Hruska said, "is the
figure for total expenditures-
$99.7 billion. Setting the total at
that figure is like pricing an item
for sale at $9.98-we are supposed
to forget that there won't be
enough left from a $10 bill to buy
Rep. Gerald R. Ford of Michi-
gan, the new GOP leader in the
House, said he had some suspicion
that to keep the spending total
under $100 billion "they are over-
estimating revenues and under-
"This superiority will be main-
tained in the future."
Barring a significant change in
the threats facing the United
States, the President said, "it
should be possible to maintain
the necessary forces, make selec-
tive improvements, and conduct
a vigorous program of research
and development without increas-
ing defense outlays each year."
The new budget provides money
to support an army, navy, air
force and marine corps totaling
2,640,000 men-a net cut of about
16,000 from this year.
rn's Budget: $99.7 Billion
Thuma HOp-es for'
By SUSAN COLLINS
Late yesterday afternoon the student advisory committee of the
new residential college began discussion of what Burton D. Thuma,
associate dean of the literary college and director of the residential
college, terms "one of the most exciting ideas we've come up with"-
the proposed joint student-faculty government of the college.
Under the provisions of a plan drawn up by a student subcom-
mittee, the student-faculty government would have broad legislative
powers, including the "authority to set and change all college-wide
policies and regulations." According to the plan, the college council
would consist of 24 members elct-
ed for one-year terms. 12 mem-
.:bers would be faculty, and 12,
ALBANY, N.Y. (P) - In their
fight to elect a temporary presi-
dent of the Senate, Republicans
and an embattled bloc of Demo-
crats formed a coalition in the
New York state legislature to cut
off a filibuster launched by the
Bronston - Steingut forces in an
attempt to force a showdown on
the 19-day deadlock.
The filibuster was launched as
the newest weapon in the battle,
as the still unorganized legisla-
ture opened for a new week.
But, after less than 2%/ hours
of talks, the coalition developed iv#
The filibuster was planned by
floor managers for Sen. Jack E.
Bronston and Assemblyman Stan-
ley Steingut, front-runners in the
long fight for top posts in the
The Bronston-Steingut bloc is
led by Democratic State Chair-
man William H. McKeon. It com-
prises the leaders who supported
Sen. Robert F. Kennedy (D-NY)
BURTON D. THUMA
At a special Working Committee
last night, City Council discussed
the University's pending expan-
City Administrator Guy C. Lar-
com presented plans for the loca-
tion of the University Events
Building, a coeducational dorm on
North Campus, a parking structure
serving the Medical Center and
a children's hospital. Larcom said
the city's main interest was in
the traffic and parking these new
structures would create.
The entire agenda of the meet-
ing was concluded in ten minutes,
after which the meeting was
Faculty representatives would be
elected by subject division. That
is, at "town meetings" the hu-
manities, natural science and so-
cial science divisions would elect
four representatives each.
There are two proposals for the
election of student representa-
tives. Under the first, representa-
tives would be elected by class
year; under the second, election
would go by residential unit.
According to the printed state-
ment of the subcommittee that
drew upthe government plans,
this student-faculty structure has'
--"It provides a decision-mak-
ing and reviewing device which is
inclusive enough to prevent the
emergence of various unassociat-
ed governmental and quasi-gov-
ernmental groups-student, fac-
ulty or administrative - which
confuse the decision-making pro-
cess and those governed by it.
-"It goes as far as we think is
possible to break down the dis-
tinction between students and fac-
ulty members within the college
-"It excludes any all-faculty
or all-student body assemblies
which might evolve into de facto
faculty or student governments
and dilute the joint enterprise
represented by the college coun-
-"It provides each member of
the community with at least one
accessible representative, and with
a 'town meeting' of tolerable
size, to which to bring his ideas
"The council is small enough
to be something of a working
body . . . though undoubtedly it
Istill must rely heavily on its com-
One problem regarding the col-
lege government was aired at the
meeting by Prof. Theodore M.
Newcomb of the sociology and
psychology departments, who is
the associate director of the col-
lege. He said that because the
college has been regarded ab a
community, perhaps the non-aca-
demic staff (directoral, kitchen,
yard, janitorial and so on) should
be considered for representation
in the college council.
By MICHAEL HEFFER
"The $5.3 billion deficit in Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson's budget
will not be adequate to keep the
economy where it should be," Prof.
Daniel Fusfeld of the economics
department said last night.
However, professors from the
political science department of-
fered political reasons for the
relatively small deficit.
Prof. Joseph Kallenbach claim-
ed that Johnson shied away from
heavy deficit financing to "main-
tain the image of a careful man
with the people's money," and
Prof. Harold Jacobson agreed.
The keeping of the budget un-
der $100 billion is a "psychological
gambit," he said.
As for the slight proposed cut
in defense expenditure ($300 mil-
lion), "as long as people are con-
vinced that defenses are adequate,
cuts will be generally acceptable,"
Prof. M. Kent Jennings said.
Another political scie'nce pro-
fessor noted that the Johnson
plan to cut foreign aid issvery
much "in line with trends of
thinking in American foreign po1-
Fusfeld was against these cuts.
He said he agreed with forecasts
that "the economy will continue
growing at a slower rate than last
year." He. felt that the nation
needs a bigger deficit than it had
last year, and called for one of $8-
Fusfeld said the proposed excise
tax cut of $1.75 billion will not
be sufficient. He indicated that
$3-4 billion would be more ef-
fective. Johnson may face some
difficulty in keeping the cuts at
$1.75 billion, for many Congress-
men had expected more.
None of the professors thought
the President's program would
run into many difficulties in Con-
gress. Jennings saw a chance for
"some attempt to raise the defense
budget," but otherwise forecast
no major changes in the budget.
He admitted that "tile President
always has some difficulty with
Party Leaders Favor
Drop in Excise Tax;
Question Arms Budget
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Lyndon B. Johnson asked Con-
gress yesterday for $99.7 billion
to operate the government and
implement some of his plans for
a "Great Society."
Some Republicans in Congress
quickly accused him of manipu-
lating the figures to keep the
total under $100 billion.
It is a-red-ink budget for fiscal
1966 projecting $2 billion more in
Social Security benefits, $1.75 bil-
lion less from excise taxes and a
helping hand for administration
programs against ignorance, pov-
erty and disease,
In his message of transmission
to Congress, Johnson described it
"It is a budget of .both oppor-
tunity and sacrifice. It begins to
grasp the opportunities of the
Democratic members of Con-
gress generally looked kindly on
the presidential proposals and Re-
publicans had no quarrel with the
proposed reduction in excises
paid by consumers.
But GOP skepticism about the
over-all figures was reflected in a
charge by Sen. Bourke B. Hicken-
looper of Iowa that there is
"bookkeeping maunipilaton" of
the figures. Rep. Gerald Ford, the
GOP House leader from Michigan,
said "they are overestimating
revenues and underestimating ex-
pense" to keep the spending total
below $100 billion.
Opposition to some of the ex-
panded spending items is certain
and a cut in defense costs also is
likely to be registered by some.
Considering defense in his pres-
entation, Johnson said the United
States has nearly completed a
four-year military buildup and
has achieved "commanding super-
iority." He said defense spending
can level off in the years ahead.
In line with this, Johnson rec-
ommended a $49-billion defense
budget for the fiscal year start-
ing July 1. This is $300 million
less than the current year's mili-
tary spending estimate.
The new military budget figure
came as no surprise. Johnson dis-
closed it a week ago in a special
defense message, along with the
meatiest new items, such as an im-
proved submarine - launched mis-
sile, the Poseidon, claimed to have
eight times the kill ability of the
With most of the investment al-
ready made in building toward
more than 1,000 intercontinental
ballistic missiles and 41 Polaris
submarines, the emphasis has
shifted to improving the quality of
all the forces and their weapons.
"We have largely completed a
buildup of the world's most pow-
erful military establishment, and
mir, halnnnA f# 00 Q, ,.--n.---.
PREMIERE FEB. 10:
'An Evening's Frost' Rehearsals Begin
The cast of "An Evening's Frost," the Professional Theatre
-Program's new play for 1965, assembled yesterday for a first rehearsal
with author, Prof. Donald Hall of the English department, and direc-
tor Marcella Cisney, associate director of the PTP.
The play is based on the letters, talks and verse of Robert Frost.
It will have its world premiere in Mendelssohn Theatre on Feb. 10.
The cast includes Jacqueline Brooks, star of the 1964 American
Shakespeare Festival; Staats Cotsworth, currently narrating Sean