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Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 99 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, 22 JANUARY 1965 SEVEN CENTS
Students To Stage 'Stay-In'
Tonight at Local Theatre,
Walker Loses in Bid Monks Fast in Protest
By MICHAEL JULIAR
Students will hold a "stay-in"
atthe Michigan Theatre tonight
toiprotest the recent admission
price increases at the three Ann
At the same time, Student Gov-
ernment Council was attempting
to set up a meeting with represen-
tatives of W. C. Butterfield Thea-
tres, Inc. central offices in De-
Council President Douglas Brook,
'65, and Council Member Thomas
Smithson, '65, SGC's representa-
tives to Butterfield, hope that an
"acceptable agreement" can be
reached before SGC meets Wed-
To Remain in Theatre
The idea behind the "stay-in"
is to 'protest the 25 per cent price
increase by having students re-
main in the theatre through part
of the second show.
SGC asked for the "stay-in" to
show "the management and own-
NEWLY ELECTED OFFICERS of Graduate Student Council are
(left to right) Fran Berland, Grad, treasurer; Susan Wright,
Grad, corresponding secretary; and James McEvoy, Grad,
president. The new officers hope to expand the activities of GSC
to encompass a greater variety of activities in the community.
McEvoy, DeLamater Gain
Top Positions in GSC Voting
By LAUREN BAHR
Graduate Student Council yesterday elected new officers and
discussed their involvement with the recently proposed course
James McEvoy, Grad, the newly elected president, said GSC
will expand its activities in the community, especially in the areas
ers of the Butterfield Theatres
that it has wide-spread student
support in its demand for a price
SGC requested that "this be the
sole extent of student action until
next Wednesday, Jan. 27, thus
giving SGC and Butterfield Thea-
tres one week to reach an accept-
able agreement before further ac-
tion is taken."I
However, several student organi-
zations have asked for more action
than SGC proposed Wednesday
night. The Young Democrats,
Voice Political Party and the In-
dependent Socialist Club will form
pickets at the Michigan Theatre
both Friday and Saturday and
pass out leaflets urging patrons
"to remain in the theatre through
the 9 p.m. show."
The three groups are also urg-
ing a boycott of the 9 p.m. show
and a complete boycott of the
State Theatre on both nights.
Graduate Student Council last
night added its support to the
SGC resolution. The council took
the action because it said "the
quality of films presently being
shown in no way justifies the in-
crease in admission prices. GSC
urges the University to exert in-
fluence on both prices and qual-
Inter-Quadrangle Council, As-
sembly Association, Student Em-
ployes Union, International Stu-
dents Association, the Lawyers
Club and the Young Republicans
earlier gave their support to SGC.
Students are protesting the re-
cent ticket price increase at the
three Ann Arbor theatres, all own-
ed by Butterfield. No demonstra-
tion has been called at the Cam-
pus Theatre because student lead-
ers feel that its present show of
three movies for the single ad-
mission price is not unfair.
Student leaders have pointed
out that the Regents, with a mi-
nority interest in the Butterfield
chain and two representatives on
the six-man Butterfield board of
lirectors, "can certainly voice their
opinion on the price increase, but
they have failed to do this."
The leaders have urged "the
University to take a stand on this
issue, and to use its power to re-
duce prices to the original level."
Students yesterday were distrib-
uting 350 posters throughout the
men's and women's residence halls
supporting the single night dem-
onstration called for by SGC.
Other students working in the
Student Activities Bldg., were con-
structing pickets and printing
leaflets urging the two-night dem-
The Council motion had asked
that all student organizations "en-
courage their members to support
LONDON () - Sir Winston
Churchill's ordeal neared the end
of its first week last night with
no change reported in his des-
perate battle for life.
Lord Moran, Churchill's per-
sonal physician, visited him at
midday and in the evening and
said he could find no change in
the slow but certain weakening of
the 90-year-old statesman felled
by a stroke last Friday.
Medical experts repeated that
Churchill could linger at the same
low ebb for days.
For Commons Seat
LONDON (M-Britain's Foreign Secretary Patrick Gordon Walker
lost his bid for a seat in the House of Commons last night in an
election that shook Prime Minister Harold Wilson's Labor Party
government and sent Conservative hopes soaring.
His defeat in a district that for 30 years had been safe for Labor-
ites reduced Labor's margin in Parliament to three seats. La
The race issue was a factor in the downfall of Gordon Walker, an
integrationist, and British Nazis harassed his campaign trail.
In an impressive comeback after their dismissal from power last
October, the Conservatives seized the Laborite seat of Leyton in
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
The Michigan Union will ask its
members early next month to
approve its proposed student ac-
tivities merger with the Women's
'suburban London in the first
major electoral test faced by the
Leyton, as usual, had sent a
Laborite back to Parliament only
three months ago with a margin
of 7.926 votes. Gordon Walker lost
to Conservative Ronald Buxton
by 205 votes.
The outcome left Britain with
a foreign secretary twice rejected
by the electorate and yet already
playing a full time role in world
councils. Gordon Walker lost his
parliamentary seat in the Smeth-
wick division of Birmingham last
of housing and civil liberties
By ROBERT BENDELOW
The University of Michig
Student Employes Union a
nounced yesterday it will pick
Drake's Sandwich Shop to se
an increase in student wages f
the shop's 25 student employes.
However, Truman Tibbals, ma
ager of the establishment, repli
that his employes are satisfi
with the current wages and do n
'require outside bargaining pre
Barry Bluestone, '66, UMSI
president, announced the pick
ing will take place 11 a.m.-5 p.
every weekday starting Mond
until the union's wage deman
have been met.
The union is pressing for a mi
imum wage of $1.25 per hour f
all Drake employes. Tibbals sa
that employe salaries range fro
$1.-$1.25 per hour depending up
the type of work required and t
length of time the student h
worked at the restaurant.
-He conceded the union's rig
to picket in protest but voic
strong objection to the methc
used by the union. Tibbals sa
yesterday was the first time th
he has been approached by t:
He met with student union lea
ers, including Bluestone, for ov
'Pays the Lowest'
The union, which is also wor
ing for student wage increases
_ the University, chose Drake's
its first off-campus target i
cause "it pays the lowest wag
and offers the least fringe ber
fits" of area restaurants, Blu
stone claimed after the meetir
He was referring to the alleg
policy of most restaurants of c
fering their employes free mea
"r Tibbals explained that few of1
employes eat at the shop but a
granted a one-third discount
food at all times.
He answered the wage obje
of students. GSC will also increase
--the number of inter-departmental
graduate groups, he said.-
"We will continue to work
closely with Student Government
Council and other University or-
ganizations. We also hope to work
more with foreign students by
providing information and activi-
ties for them," McEvoy comment-
an The other elected officers were:
n- John DeLamater, Grad, vice-
cet president; Fran Berland, Grad,
ek I treasurer; Harold Prowse, Grad,1
for recording secretary and Susan
Wright, Grad, corresponding sec-
ed The council moved to reactivate
ed the membership committee to be
zot chaired by James Norr, Grad, to
es- work on the course description
EU The booklet will be prepared by
et- eight student organizations and
m. it will be designed to give students
ay specific information related to
ds courses and their professors. It
will stress such things as the pre-
paredness of the professor, the
n- number and types of papers and
or the value of the reading list.
id The committee will concentrate1
on on finding the means by which all1
he the finished write-ups for the1
as booklet can be parcelled out to
graduate students in the various
But even if the approval-being There seemed a good possibility
sut in a rerendumaFeb 10 that Gordon Walker now would
sought in a referendum Fep. 10-- be created a peer so as to have a
is forthcoming, the exact status seat in the Lords.
of the merger will remain in doub This however, would still leave
until the Regents or administra- the Wilson government in the
tive officers give their final en- teWlo oeneti h
dorsement. awkward position of having a key
The proposed merger would cabinet member who could not be
fuse the student activities organi- questioned in Commons on for-
zations of the League and Union eign relations, except the prime
into a University Activity Center minister.
under the direction of a four-man Although there is no written
co-educational board. rule, modern British practice calls
Asks Changes for cabinet minister to sit in the
The referendum will ask Union House of Commonsbwhere they
members, which include all males can be questioned by members.
currently enrolled h e r e and Sir Alec Douglas-Home was in
alumni who were once students the House of Lords as the Earl of
for at least eight semesters, to Home when he took the post in
approve changes in the Union's 1960.
constitution which would imple- Others Answered
ment the merger. And this meant that othelr gov-
Specifically, the r e q u e s t e d ernment members had to answer,
changes would. questions for him and explain
--Enlarge the student repre- policy in Commons.
sentation on the Union Board of Labor held the Nuneaton par-
Directors to four positions, but liamentary seat in the second spe-
allow two of these students only cial election yesterday. There the
one-half vote each; minister of technology, Frank
-Permit women to occupy these Cousins, was elected with a mar-
four positions and thus become gin of 5,421 votes over his Con-
members of the board; servative opponent.
-Allow representatives of the Gordon Walker lost after an
League to participate in the an- unruly campaign in which Colin
nual selection of the four students Jordan, leader of the British Nazi
since they will sit on its board movement, turned some of the
also. foreign secretary's meetings into
Student Direction riots.
The four students would be in
charge of the activities center al-TT.
though their membership on the Hiiuts Cheating
Union and League boards would
give them other assignments. At A cademy
Union President Kent Cart- 01V
wright, '65, said the referendum
is required only for the Union AIR FORCE ACADEMY, Colo.
because all its constitutional (P)-The entire cadet wing-ex-
changes must be approved by two- cept those cadets given permis-
thirds vote of the membership. sion to leave earlier-were confin-
The alumni represenatives can ed to the Air Force Academy yes-
cast their ballots by mail on writ- terday as an investigation of re-
ten forms inethe Michigan Alum- ported cheating at examinations
nus magazine. Faculty life mem- proceeded.
bers will vote at the. Union. Col. Robert Haney, head of the
Few Problems Academy information office, said
If the electorate stamps its no details could be given yet con-
approval on the merger, the only derning what he said might be a
remaining barrier will be the ad-"ser n alh"
ministration. sever e scandal."s.
Binistratiodn.d dt He said the investigation "may
Both boards have endorsed the continue for two weeks or two
establishment of one student ac- months." Air police patrolled au-
tivities organization under their tomobile parking lots to see no
joint direction. The Regents have cadetleft the grounds.
in the past accepted the idea but Te A e my r ads.o
referred it last week for further The Academy had made no of-
study to Vice-President for Stu- ficial announcement since its brief
dent Affairs Richard Cutler. statement of last Tuesday that a
Although the merged structure formal investigation was under
only affects the student activities way about reported violations of
functions of the Union and the cadets' honor code.
League, the proposal raises a The code provides that a cadet
question of new relationships be- must not lie, cheat, or steal, or
tween those organizations and the tolerate those of their classmates
office of student affairs. who might.
BUDDHIST MONKS AND VIETNAMESE YOUTH sit at the gate
of the National Buddhist Institute facing paratroopers during the
anti-government demonstration in Saigon on Wednesday. Demon-
strators said they sat down to prevent troops from entering the
Khanh Says Rebels May
Achieve Political Victory
CAN THO, Viet Nam (Y')-The Communist Viet Cong guerrillas
cannot win a military victory, but they might take over South Viet
Nam by psychological and political means, strongman Lt. Gen.
Nguyen Khanh said yesterday.
"This year the Viet Cong have adopted new tactics," the armed
forces commander told newsmen here. "They are fighting in large
units, up to two regiments, maybe more. In this new phase, they
are using conventional rather than
guerrilla tactics, and they are thus
within our specialty. We have tac-
tical and material superiority in
.But I think the whole problem
is psychological," he said.
Khanh warned against defeatist
"The battle of Dien Bien Phu
was not what lost the Indochina
war for the French in 1954. It
was the pessimism of politicians
that lost that war," he said. "Let's
not, make the same errors as in
"From a military standpoint,
there will be no new Dien Bien
Phu, but psychologically I don't
know. There seems to be defeatist
feeling in Saigon, perhaps even in
Khanh, military strongman of
SouthViet Nam for the past year,
said that even the danger of the
new Chinese Communist atomic
bomb was more psychological than
military at the moment.
"In Asia, psychological things
are the most important," he said.
"China is our hereditary enemy,
and they are a nation of 700
million while we are only 14 or
15 million. Even if they cannot
yet deliver their atomic bomb, it
Referring to his recent diplo-
matic clash with the United States
embassy, Khanh said his relations
with the Americans had returned
to normal., I
"We had certain differences of
opinion," he said. "I was charged
at one point with being anti-
American, but this certainly is not
a valid charge.
Vote To End
NEW YORK UP) - Longshore-
men in the port of New York vot-
ed better than two to one yester-
day to accept a once-rejected
waterfront labor contract, thus
paving the way for eventual settle-
ment of a multimillion dollar East
and Gulf,'Coast dock strike.
Final tabulation showed 12,104
in favor of the contract, with
5,236 against. Two weeks ago the
same contract was voted down
8,722 to 7,957.
The strike has idled 60,000 dock-
ers from Maine to Texas for 11
No Mass Return
No immediate mass return. to
work was in prospect, however,
despite approval of the new pact,
which contains an historic and
controversial automation clause,
which gives shipping firms the
right to reduce waterfront work
gangs from 20 to 17 men.
Up to ILA
Hotwever, Alexander P. Chopin,
chairman of the 145-member New
York shipping association said, "It
is up to the ILA leadership to get
the men back to work as quickly
In Washington, Secretary of
Labor W. Willard Wirtz said he
hoped union and management of-
ficials at the other ports on the
Atlantic and Gulf coasts will be
able to arrive at a speedy settle-
ment so that shipping operations
can be resumed.
Crush Viet Cong Unit
In Delta Offenisive
SAIGON (P)-A skirmish be-
tween police and 30 militant
youths built up tension yesterday
at the Buddhist .headquarters of
Premier Tran Van Huong.
Meanwhile, helicopter - borne
Vietnamese forces crushed a large
Viet Cong unit in the Mekong
River delta 50 miles south of Sai-
gon in one of the most success-
ful government efforts in weeks.
According to reports from Unit-
ed States authorities, government
troops killed 46 Viet ong and
captured 61 other guerrillas in
the fight. Thirty-five other per-
sons were rounded up as sus-
Three of the assaulting helicop-
ters were downed by heavy ene-
my fire, but friendly losses for
the day were listed as only five
killed and 11 wounded.
During the government attack,
some 1500 government troops were
poured into the Kien Hoa prov-
ince landing zone where enemy
troops had been erported. The
troops were, carried in two big
waves, both of which drew heavy
In Saigon, Vietnamese infantry-
men moved up, strung barbed wire
and placed the sprawling Buddhist
headq'uarters under virtual sieg,
after the youths, who started the
clash by heckling the police, were
subdued. Ten were arrested.
A paratroop battalion stood in
reserve at nearby offices of Sai-
gon's military governor, Brig. Gen.
Pham Van Dong.
Dong said he will take all nec-
essary measures to preserve pub-
lic order and security. He warned
that the city's curfew, now in ef-
fect from 1 a.m. to 4 a.m., will
be extended if disturbances per-
While soldiers showed their loy-
alty to Huong's government, how-
ever, 40 Buddhist chaplains of the
armed forces lined up on the oth-
On this second day of a fasa
which avowedly will be carried to
death if necessary, the chaplains
had a tearful conference with the
hunger strikers at the headquar-
ters' main pagoda.
They pledged loyalty to the
leader, Chairman Thich Tam
of the Buddhist Institute, and said
they will seek volunteers to fast
The monks rested on cots under
mosquito netting, hoping for an
nusurge of popular sympathy to
topple the U.S.-backed govern-
Though Buddhists complain Hu-
ong is oppressing them-a com-
plaint used effectively in 1963
against the late President Ngo
Dinh Diem-none of them have
yet chosen to revive the fire sui-
There obviously has been no
rush of volunteers for self-immo-
lation, such as the six monks and
a nun who burned themselves to
death to dramatize their opposi-
tion to Diem.
American sources said U.S. Am-
bassador Maxwell D. Taylor had
urged Chau and Thich Tri Qu-
ang, another of the hunger strik-
ers, at a meeting Saturday not to
rock the boat.
The U.S. considers a stable gov-
ernment essential to successful
prosecution of the war against the
To Hit Planes
HAVANA (IP)-Prime Minister
Fidel Castro said yesterday that
if "pirate" flights over Cuba are
CLARIFYING THE BIBLE:
Vaux Contrasts Archeology and Tradition
By KAY HOLMES
The truth is something which has 'been long sought after, and
has been claimed to be found in various sources. The Bible represents
the truth for centuries of Semites. However, what happens when Bib-
lical truths are exposed to the critical eyes of archeologists?
This question with its numerous ramifications was discussed by
Father de Vaux, director of L'Ecole Biblique et Archeologique at
Jerusalem in his lecture at the B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation last
Entitled "Biblical Traditions and External Evidence," Father de
Vaux's lecture was one of a series of three Zwerdling Lectures on
"The Hebrew Patriarchs and History."
The Zwerdling Lectures are an annual series provided in memorial
for Osias Zwerdling of Ann Arbor by his three sons, and are presented
by the near eastern language department, the Beth Israel Congrega-
The difficulty with oral traditions lies in the fact that they are
not fixed, but may be added to in various ways. Those traditions
develop through derivations from outside groups, and they are en-'
larged in history as each generation adds its own interpretation.
Poetic forms may also be added to the tradition, he noted.
"Since writing is used to preserve, not to create, writing is the
last stage in the development of a tradition,"
Archeology is the test of Biblical truths, for it provides the ex-
ternal evidence needed to check Biblical traditions.
Although the Bible tells of Joshua's trumpets crumbling the wall
of Jericho, archeologists have dated their findings of the city in the
third millenium before Christ. This is much too early for the Biblical
accounts, and even the nature of the conquest itself is in dispute, for
the warlike Biblical tradition has been confronted with a theory of
peaceful infiltration over a longer period, he said.
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