AT MICHIGAN STATE
See Editorial Page
Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedomn
Chance of showers,
clearing this evening
VOL. LXXVI, No. 14S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1966 SEVEN CENTS
EDITORt'S NOTE. This is the ful
third in a four-part series on Michi- hot
gan's racial climate.
By GENE SCHROEDER Del
Associated Press Writer ad
Is a house a home? R
Not necessarily, say Michigan's ties
Negro ledaers, when that house abc
is part of a slum "ghetto." A
Despite prosperity and high em- tion
ployment-which has helped keep eni
the lid on potential racial strife lege
in the state-the No. 1 civil rights hea
complaint still is the inability of A
Negroes and other nonwhites to 'The
live where they want in the kind er
of house they want. Cou
Findings of the State Civil ers
Rights Commission show 50 per pan
cent or more of the housing units C
rented by nonwhites in virtually ed
all of Michigan's largest cities are Cou
dilapidated or deteriorating. acc
Saginaw, Jackson, Kalamazoo be
and Grand Rapids have Negro age
clum "ghettoes" described as piti-
by Jim Rose, the commission's
n Lansing, Flint, Saginaw and
troit, freeway projects have
ded to relocation problems.
Rose says officials in some ci-
s are striving to do something
out the housing situation.
A recent door-by-door inspec-
n in Saginaw resulted in a tight-
ng up of previously lax and al-
edly unequal enforcement of
alth and building codes.
According to Malcolm McCrea of
e Saginaw News, a close observ-
of the racial scene, the City
uncil has an enlightened lead-
hip which endorses open occu-
ncy and civil rights.
;hurch members have been urg-
by the Saginaw Area Religious
uncil on Human Relations to
ept any persons who want to
good neighbors and to discour-
panic selling and moving.
These efforts "have changed
Saginaw's atmosphere from stifled
resentment to wary encourage-
ment," McCrea reports.
Ku Klux Klan and Black Mus-
lim activities have been noted in
communities with large automo-
In Flint, for example, a collec-
tion was taken up for the defense
of the accused slayers of Mrs. Vio-
la Liuzzo, a Detroit housewife who,
was murdered on an Alabama
highway while helping the Selma-
to-Montgomery freedom marchers.
The defendants were KKK mem-
Black Muslim rallies in Flint
have attracted sizable crowds.
According to Allan Wilhelm of
The Flint Journal, the situation is
relatively calm, however.
"Prosperity and high employ-
ment in the Flint area prob-
ably account to a great extent for
the fact that ripples are not be-
coming waves," Wilhelm reports.
. Pontiac has had its share of ra-
cial problems, and city officials
have clashed with the Civil Rights
Commission over the seriousness
of the picture.
Mayor - William Taylor accused
the commission of listening to only
one side of the story, but a spokes-
man for the agency said com-
plaints of widespread discrimina-
tion aired at a monthly meeting
were allegations only, not commis-
According to the Michigan
Chronicle, a Negro newspaper,
Pontiac's situation can be sum-
marized as "housing, schools, jobs.
voicelessness-the same old prob-
lems, but intensified."
The Pontiac Press doesn't agree
the city is the powder keg it has
been painted in some quarters.
Editor John Fitzgerald reports
the Board of Education has gone
so far with mixing Negro and
white children from different
schools in joint functions
there are protests about it,+
ing forced integration.
A major complaint of Po
Negro leaders, says Fitzger
a two-year-old system for e
The city charter calils for
inations from seven separa
tricts but election by thec
large for each district.
"This still insures each d
of representation by someo
ing and nominated from the
trict," Fitzgerald explains,"
may not be the one they
since the city at large make
Some Negro leaders cc
their districts have been
franchised in the process.
Grand Rapids, with abou
000 Negroes, has seen growin
tests over "ghetto" housinga
facto school segregation.
s that "Fair employment ne
claim- been as big an issue her
Floyd Allbaugh of The
ntiac's Rapids Press, "and public
rad, is modations are practically
alecting cent open."
Allbaugh says a sizable
r' nom- most forgotten minority
te dis- 5000 Spanish-speaking res
city at Grand Rapids.
"In contrast to the Negri
district reports, "these are scatt
ne liv- various parts of the city a
eir dis- gone unrepresented while
"but it organizations have compe
want, leadership of the Negroes.'
:es the In a unique move, a 90-d
atorium recently was deck
ontend the sale or showing of h
disen- Negroes in one Grand
neighborhood to halt s
ut 18,- panic selling by whites.
ig pro- The action was taken
and de Grand Rapids Real Estat
in an effort to stabilizei
ver has tion of the area in the city's north
e," says east section.
Grand Urban renewal- the destru
accom- tion of slums to make way for ne
100 per housing or freeways-has run int
opposition in many Michigan c
and al- ties. Principal complaint is tha
are the many displaced residents canna
idents of find decent houses elsewhere at
price they can afford to pay.
oes," he In Lansing, lawmakers have in
tered in troduced several bills aimed a
nd have remedying the problem.
various One would prohibit the demoli
eted for tion of even one house or lettin
of one contract by the State High
way Department before the Stat
ay mor- Administrative Board has receive
lared on written confirmation from the to
omes to cal governing body that resident
Rapids have been relocated in' suitabl
Whether the bill will become la,
by the is anybody's guess.
e Board TOMORROW: A Study in
Renews Attacks on
Rebel Forces at Da Nang
UIGON OP) - Premier Nguyen Fresh blood pouring into the Reports reaching Saigon said r
Ky's marines and paratroop- political conflict stirred fears in heavy fighting was going on about
hl d, tA k-uvo,.tred attancrks some U.S. offiicals that the fight- 300 Yards from the 1st Corps' Da
er nlurle MLL IA. Uan s r
at rebeal strongpoints in Da Nang
today in a renewal of bloody fight-
ing with the Buddhist-led insur-
The loyalist forces sought to
drive the disidents into Buddhist
ing might undermine the basis of
the larger U.S.-Vietnamese war
against the Communists.
Several Vietnamese AlE Sky-
raiders circled the city during the
fighting, which was punctuated by
occasional mortar fire.
N a n g headquarters compound.
The headquarters is on the out-
skirts of Da Nang on a road lead-
ing to the big U.S. air base.
There were reports also -that
several hundred persons had been
arrested for violation of a 24-hour,
curfew clamped on Da Nang.
As the Viet Cong sought a wind-
fall from the internicine struggle,
THE UNIVERSITY REGENTS will be holding their monthly
meeting today, just one week after the Faculty Planning Com-
mittee for the Residential College submitted its report rejecting
proposed architects changes in the college.
At their last meeting the Regents voted the acceptance of
the residential college program on the condition that revisions
be made to lower cost to the point where differential fees not be
required. Administration officials had been hopeful at one point
that the architects revisions could be sent to the Regents and
accepted at today's meeting.
Sources indicate now that no action will be taken today, but
it is expected that some discussion of the changes may take place.
WASHINGTON (,P-),SEN. EDWARD M. Kennedy (D-Mass)
proposed yesterday that unauthorized possession of LSD be
made illegal. He complained that Public Health Service officials
are "not unduly aroused" about the dangers of the hallucinogenic
Sen. Thomas J. Dodd (D-Conn), chairman of the Senate
juvenile delinquency subcommittee, suggested manufacture of
the drug be made a felony. It is now a misdemeanor.
Dodd said users of the drug are "driven out of their minds,"
adding that severe penaalties should be provided for its manu-
But Surgeon Gen. William H. Stewart and Dr. Stanley F.
Yolles, director of the National Institute of Mental Health testi-
fied they think the flow of LSD can be cut off under the Danger-
ous Drug Act passed in 1965.
While they called LSD a dangerous drug, they said they
would not now recorr mend that its possession be made illegal.
And they said, contrary to Kennedy's prediction, they don't
know that its use will continue to increase.
THE NEW MICHIGAN BUDGET will be under $1 billion,
probably between $965 and $980 million, according to the two
state legislators most responsible for shaping the 1966-67 spend-
Substantial cuts in Democratic budget bills, particularly in
proposed spending for education, were promised yesterday by
State Senator Garland Lane (D-Flint), chairman of the Senate
Appropriations Committee, and State Rep. Einar E. Erlandsen
(D-Escanaba), chairman of the House Ways and Means Com-
Gov. George Romney proposed a budget of $944.9 million
for the upcoming fiscal year.
Lane suggested axing about $30 million from the House-
passed school aid bill, for a total expenditure for secondary and
elementary schools of about $266 million or about $30 million
more than present spending.
He also proposed lopping about $7 million from the higher
education spending bill.
THE OFFICE OF EQUAL OPPORTUNITY has announced a
summer program that will use college faculty members as leaders
of civil rights enforcement teams.
A spokesman for the office said that they are trying to
recruit faculty members from all disciplines to serve for two or
three months during the summer on inspection teams that will
acting U.S. Ambassador William
Porter yesterday urged Premier
Ky to put an end to the strife. iMilitary Dlefermetis
Crisis Over Troops f e ino Service
But the issue was caught up,
within Ky's military junta, re- I(d-, Officials Say
ported undergoing a crisis over
the decision to use troops against oWASHINGTON (/ - Secretary
dissidents in the north. It was' ofDefense Robert S. McNamara is
problematical wthnerthe gen- opposed to the idea of allowing
rals could w keep any considerable service in the Peace Corps or a
e c k sunity.b similar program to be accepted as
A riot in My Tho reflected a a substitute for military service, it
spread of the opposition that was learned yesterday,
flared after Ky made plain he U.S. officials, filling in some of
expected to remain in office at the unanswered questions about
least another year and that he McNamara's speech in Montreal
considered the Constituent Assem- on Wednesday, said that the de-
bly to be elected this fall is but fense secretary feels it would be
one step toward a return of civil- very undesirable to permit defer-
ian rule, ments from military draft duty
Police hurled tear gas grenades for those who might sign up for
to break up a Buddhist-led crowd volunteer help-mankind programs,
that took to the streets of My McNamara believes that his
Tho, 20 miles south of Saigon, speech was in line with Johnson'sf
chanting antigovernment slogans. administration policy.
-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
Death Toll Down
The Viet Cong hoped to profit,
Their underground radio urged all
government troops to revolt. That
appeal coincided with disclosure
that government combat deaths
fell below that of the Americans
last week for the third time this
Among military and politicall
-The 2,500 government troops
who took control of most of Da
Nang in a battle Sunday tightened
their perimeter around rebel hold-
ings in four hours of fighting.
-Maj, Gen. Huynh Van Cao,
newly named commander of the
t1 t Cor nrpeawith headauarters
At the White House, press sec- liigh winds damaged this partially completed parking structure yesterday. There was no personal
retary Bill D. Moyers told inquir- injury although there was a crane in the wreck.
ing newsmen that the speech did --- -
not depart from administration Dl TDT * AFIONT
policy in any way. He said Mc- MS UA
Namara had submitted a rough
draft of the speech in advance.
Some observers had read the
possibility of such substitute serv-
ice into McNamara's suggestion
Wednesday that inequities in the
draft might be remedied "by ask-
ing every young person in the
United States to give two years of
service to his country" in uni-
form, the Peace Corps or similar,
work at home and abroad.
Desire To Rerve
The Paper Appears Today
Without Board Authorization
Back MCNamara's Call
For Service to U.S.
In Nonmilitary Roles
University officials and profes-
sors yesterday praised Defense
Secretary Robert McNamara's pro-
posal that young Americans give
their country two years of service
in either a military or civilian
McNamara's suggestion, con-
tained in a speech delivered
Wednesday to the American So-
ciety of Newspaper Editors, sin-
gled out service in the military,
the Peace Corps or "some other
volunteer development work at
home and abroad" as suitable
forms of national service.
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs Richard Cutler emphasized
that a national service require-
ment should be universal and
apply to both sexes. Cutler wrote
a lengthy proposal on the same
subject six months ago.
"So long as national security
permits - until such time as we
have a bona fide national mili-
tary emergency, there ought to be
a variety of service options offer-
ed," Cutler said.
"There is plenty to- be done in
the world," he continued, "and we
have resources to do more than
we are doing. Nationally, we have
urban redevelopment problems,
inadequate education, the Appa-
lachia problem, all of which need
Cutler urged that some means
be found whereby individuals who
are either economically or intel-
lectually less privileged should not
be penalized by the fact that they
have been more likely candidates
than others to be tapped for na-
"We should have a system in
which persons who are able to go
to college do not gain doubly by
both avoiding the service and get-
ting the consequent economic
awards and status privilege," Cut-
"For example, I could see some-
one earning a PhD in physics giv-
ing two years to his country with
little renumeration," he added.
Service Options Encouraging
Cutler said he found it encour-
agingatoefind McNamara advocat-
ing alternative national service
Prof. Julian Gendell of the
chemistry department called the
idea "excellent," and added that
it is one a number of student
groups have been advocating for
Prof. Richard Mann of the psy-
chology department praised the
nronosanl- as "realv nrviding 21-
By BETSY COHN
and MICHAEL HEFFER
Cr arwirzi ri. mia nniiv
s1 rp l tl'3 21tc li tcctuq Gtu5[ ( cv speelal To Tie Daily
at Da Nang, objected to Ky's The officials stressed that Mc- : EAST LANSING - The Paper,
troops' operations, but claimed to Namara's intent was to introduce student weekly newspaper at
be still in charge. into the minds and hearts of young Michigan State University, an-
-Vietnamese casualties in the people, particularly young men, a nounced yesterday that it had
clashes at Da Nang this week feeling of obligation to serve in found an Indiana printer to re-
were unofficially estimated to some fashion, place the Michigan one it charges
range from 15 to 30 killed and 100 They emphasized his use of the "blacklisted" it. Michael Kindman,
to 150 wounded, more than in some word "asking" and "volunteer" to '67, The Paper's editor, said they
reatvely havy enggeentsof throw down any impression that plan to have the issue ready for
the war against the Viet Cong. he was suggesting some sort of sale today.
'Stay Out of Politics' compulsory universal service for Yesterday was the regular pub-
-With some units reported par- young people. lication date of The Paper, but
alyzed by uncertainty and con- Ad lacking an edition because no
flicting loyalties, the government At the same time, officials said publisher could be found to do
ordered all military men, includ- that McNamara sees a new appeal the printing, the newspaper's staff
ing chaplains, to stay out of poli- in a so-far stillborn program to distributed copies of The Daily in-
tics. But Maj. Gen. Ton That rehabilitate, medically and educa- stead. While selling 3000 Dailies,
Dinh, a former commander of the tionally, young men who cannot the staff distributed mimeograph-
1st Corps area, called at the rebel qualify for military service even ed sheets stating their situation
city of Hue for the ouster of Ky's though they have volunteered, and their appraisal of that situa-
regime. Dinh said "I can see no This indicated a new impetus tion.
solution until that happens." behind what the Army used to call In these, The Paper charged
In Washington U.S. officials its "step" program-a plan to re- "There is reason to believe the
said they understood that North habilitate about 15,000 young university was involved in the
Vietnamese troops had moved into would-be volunteers and bring printer's admitted attempt to
the demilitarized border zone sep- them up to physical and mental blacklist The Paper with all print-
arating North and South Viet standards which would permit ers in the area." MSU officials
Nam. But they characterized it as them to serve, denied knowledge of any contact
a shallow penetration. Officials discounted the likeli- with the printers.
After receiving reports from hood of any legislation to back up Kindman has also distributed
Saigon, however, these officials McNamara's proposal of service sheets outlining The Paper's ob-
said there was no indication that for every young person, saying this jections to the handling of the
of board members may delay such
a meeting until the end of the
month, or later.
In last Friday's meeting, the
board, with six out of the 10
members present, voted unani-
mously to withdraw their authori-
zation from The Paper because of
"bad taste and indecency."
According to Prof. Robert Ebel,
a board member, "their taste has
been questionable for a long time,
but the climax came in the May
12 edition of the paper which
printed two articles which seemed
in exceptionally poor taste."
The articles Ebel was referring
to were the cover of an informal
talk by Paul Krassner, editor of
"The Realist," and a discussion
of nudity. Ebel said the board
felt these articles "were not de-
cent and did not have any mean-
ingful message or discuss topics
of great importanceorcontro-
Senger embellished on Ebel's de-
scription of the subject matter,
labeling the articles as "filth, bad
taste and material that will not
be distributed under the auspices
Another factor some board mem-
bers mentioned was finances. Sen-
The only other apparent differ-
ence their withdrawal will make
is the removal of the statement on
the masthead of the paper which
reads, "The Paper is authorized
to operate on the Michigan State
University Campus by the Board
of Student Publication."
One question remaining is
whether The Paper will be al-
lowed to distribute on campus.
Senger said the board has noth-
ing to do with this. Jack Breslin,
university secretary, apparently is
the one who rules on this.
So far nothing has come from
his office on this matter. He was
out of town yesterday. Senger said
he saw no reason why The Paper
should be denied the right to dis-
tribute on campus. The Paper's
staff feels that at any moment
they may lose the right.
Kindman has denied that any-
thing in The Paper is pornography,
obscenity or smut. Prof. Charles
Larrowe, The Paper's advisor, has
backed Kindman up on this and
said he found the board's acting
without even' informing The Pa-
per's advisor incredible and un-
Kindman said that when he saw
Senger on Friday before the meet-
ing he was told that the board