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May 14, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-05-14

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SATURbA:Y, MAY 14, 1966


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* Corporate
Bombrng Profits Rise,

Communist China Still Lacks
Recognition in H-Bomb Club




Air Attacks


Stepped U
Security Police Stage
Successful Raids on
Viet Cong Terrorists
SAIGON ()-U.S. pilots pressed
attacks on North Viet Nam in per-
haps record numbers yesterday.
From Washington had come a
hint that they may bomb Hanoi's
airfields if Communist MIG's
down any American planes in the
Unofficial reports late in the
day indicated Navy and Air Force
strikes above the 17th Parallel
would equal or exceed Thurs-
day's 135 missions, which involv-
ed more than 200 individual com-
bat flights or sorties. The war's
-high for a single day is 260 sor-
Strikes by U.S. Marines, South
Vietnamese troops and American
armed helicopters claimed the lives
of 267 Viet Cong in monsoon-
season ground operations.
Overall Marine casualties were
described as light.
A regiment of Vietnamese gov-
ernment troops, supported by U.S.
armed helicopters called gunships,
battled a force of about 300 Viet
Cong 54 miles southwest of Sai-
gon. A spokesman said 92 were
killed, mostly by the gunships,
and 26 were captured. He said
government losses were light.
Coupled with these blows afield
was a major move against Viet
k Cong terrorists in Saigon. Gov-
ernment security forces announc-
ed the arrest of 38 Communist
commandos and the seizure of
arms and documents of two of the
Viet Cong's special action-terror-
Police said some of the prison-
ers were from cells responsible for
bombings and machine gun raids
that killed 21 persons and wound-
ed more than 250. Police said nine
confessed to attacks on the na-
tional police headquarters last
Aug. 16 and the bombing of two
American billets-the Metropole
Hotel on Dec. 4 and the Victoria
Hotel on April 1.
The air action north of the bor-
der followed up a rebuttal here of
Peking's story that U.S. fighters
intruded into Red China and shot
down a Chinese plane that was on
a training mission over Yunnan
Province Thursday.
American sources told of a duel
in which a missile-firing F4-C
Phantom downed a MIG-17, not
in the Makwan area described by
the Red Chinese but more than
50 miles away over North Viet
Nam's Red River Valley.
The site of the three-minute
clash between the supersonic war-
craft was described here as rang-
ing from 115 to 105 miles north-
west of Hanoi-an area from 20
to 25 miles south of the Chinese
Of Peking's charge, Maj. Gen
Gilbert L. Meyers, deputy com-
mander of the U.S. 7th Air Force,
said "It is inconceivable to me
that the planes could be in the
wrong place."
A State Department spokesman
in Washington, press officer Rob-
ert J. McCloskey, declined to deny
outright that U.S. fighters had
entered Red China's airspace
Thursday or fought an aerial bat-
tle there, but said he had no in-
dication that they did either.
The downed MIG was the 12th
of the Soviet-built jet fighters to
fall in duels with American craft.
American fliers expressed belief it
was North Vietnamese, though
they said they never saw its
MIG's have downed two U.S.
planes in such action over North
Viet Nam. They were Air Force
F-105 Thunderchiefs, both de-

stroyed in an attack on a bridge
at Thanh Hoa on April 4, 1965.
North Viet Nam's missile sites
are regularly under attack. They
rank somewhere between the
MIG's and conventional ground
guns in the Communist defenses.

U.S. SOLIDERS are shown here during recent maneuvers which
led to the scalation of bombing missions over North Viet Nam.
American forces will continue to increase in numbers.

Committee A
To Regulate
WASHINGTON (M)-A bill call-
ing for tightened federal regula-
tion of the labeling and packag-
ing of such household supplies as
foods, drugs and cosmetics was
approved by the Senate Commerce
Committee yesterday.
A 14-3 vote sent to the Senate
for action a revised version of what
sponsors term truth-in-packaging
legislation. President Johnson
asked for such a bill, saying it
would make it easier for shoppers
to compare competing products.
The Commerce Committee's bill
would give industry an oppor-
tunity, in cooperation with dis-
tributor and consumer representa-
tives, to draw up voluntary stand-
ards for the weights and quanti-
ties in which products are to be
World News
By The Associated Press
JAKARTA-No improvement in ;
Indonesia's relations with neigh- '
boring Malaysia is possible so long
as British troops remain there, the
Indonesian army's information
chief declared yesterday.
Brig. Gen. Ibnu Subroto also
denied published reports that In-
donesia's undeclared war with
Malaysia was declining in inten-
sity, and he urged residents of
Sabah and Sarawak, the Borneo
states in the Malaysian federation,
to fight for independence.
-Thousands of students marched
quietly through the streets of two
major cities yesterday protesting
government restrictions clamped
on the president of the country's
largest multiracial student organi-
Their orderly protests-punctu-
ated in Johannesburg by a few
thrown eggs and toilet paper rolls
tossed from a high window along
the route of the march - were
against a banning order Wednes-
day on Ian Robertson, president
of the National Union of South
African Students. The union has
20,000 members, whites, Asians
and those of mixed blood.
* **
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson signed into law yester-
day legislation providing money
to initiate two controversial pro-
grams-rent subsidies for the poor
and a national Teacher Corps to
serve in slum schools.

pproves Bill
But if these standards were not
approved by the secretary of com-
merce, or if the industry didn't
comply with them, the government
could set up mandatory weight and
quantity standards, enforceable
through seizures and fines.
Sen. Philip A. Hart (D-Mich),
who has been pushing for such
legislation for five years, described
the committee bill as excellent, al-
though not all he wants Commit-
tee Chairman Warren G. Magnu-
son (D-Wash) termed the revi-
sion more practical than Hart's
original bill.
The senior committee Republi-
can, Sen. Norris Cotton (R-NH),
argued that empowering the sec-
retary of commerce "to control
the sizes and quantities of pack-
ages" would stifle competition,
raise prices and "vest in the gov-
ernment a power over the mar-
ket place that is dangerous."
The committee bill directs the
Food and Drug Administration
and the Federal Trade Commission
to issue regulations requiring that
the label on a package have a
statement of contents in conspicu-
ous and legible type.
The bill, covering the thousands
of products sold in grocery and
drug stores, would become effec-
tive six months after enactment,
but additional time is allowed be-
fore any regulations would be op-

British Face
Sea Strike, '
Wilson Pleas Fail
As Seamen's Union
Prepares Walkout 1
LONDON ()--Britain's Nation-
al Union of Seamen rebuffed a
personal appeal yesterday by
Prime Minister Harold Wilson to'
stop a nationwide shipping strike
set to start Monday. The conse-
quences may be disastrous for the
nation's already shaky economy.
In an 11th hour bid for shipping"
peace, Wilson called the union's
48-man executive to his office. In'
vain he hammered home for two
hours that a walkout now by the
65,000-member union will cause
irreparable harm to the country.
Issue Statement
But the seamen drove back to
their South London headquarters
and issued this statement:
"Despite a full realization of the
effect on the economy of the coun-
try, the Executive Council, in the
absence of any improved offer by
the shipowners, has decided unan-
imously to reaffirm its previous
decision to withhold labor."
The issues in dispute are wages,
hours and conditions. The union
is demanding the equivalent of a
17 per cent raise immediately. The'
employers have offered 13 per
cent in three instalments over
three years. The seamen's basic
wage is $42 a week, often boost-
ed by overtime to $56.
If the strike lasts more than
three or four weeks-and the un-
ion says it is prepared to hold out
for three months-Britain's entire
merchant fleet of some 2500 ships
-tonnage 21.5 million - will be
Fight to the Finish
"We are going into this strike;
with a fight to the finish in mind,"'
said Hogarth. "We are convinced
the government will have to do
something when the strike hits
the economy."
The immediate effect will be to'
tie up nearly 300 British ships now
in home ports. The trans-Atlanticl
liner trade of such vessels as the
Queen Mary and the Queen Eliza-
beth will be hit eventually.R
Food stocks will dwindle if the
strike lasts long. In the nation's
larder are two months supplies ofa
wheat and flour of which more
than 60 per cent is imported, a
month's sugar, eight or nine1
week's butter, two months' coffee
and six months' tea.
Vital exports, worth about $39.2$
million a day, will jam dockside
warehouses. Particularly hit will
be Britain's motor industry, top
dollar earner.
Royal Air Force transport planes
will lift vital supplies.

lut Slowly1
Stock Indexes Dip;
Experts Predict Slack
In Industrial Boon
By The Associated Press
Corporate profits shot to their
highest level in history during the
first three months of this year
but there were signs yesterday of
at least a temporary slackening in
the industrial boom.
Reports of increased profits and
production came in the face of
another drop in security prices.
Prices on the New York Stock
Exchange fell for five straight
days with the Dow Jones indus-
trial average of 30 stocks showing
a weekly loss of 26.72.
Steady Drop
Since mid-February, the Dow'
Jones industrial average has drop-
ped about 120 points from its
record high.
In Hot Springs, Va., Gardner
Ackley, chairman of President
Johnson's Council of Economic

Meantime a radioactive cloud
from the blast was passing over
the United States. Weather Bu-
reau experts figured that the scat-
tered mass of debris, floating rap-
idly at altitudes of 30,000 to 40,-
000 feet, was over the Midwest
last night, would reach the East-
ern Seabord today, and Europe by

blast by the Chinese
of a. thermonuclear

WASHINGTON (P)-Communist the bucket" compared with the
China still falls short of member- giant U.S. and Soviet explosions
ship in the awesome hydrogen of 1961-62.
bomb "club," an announcement by Based on past experience, offi-
the Atomic Energy Commission cials said, there may be barely
madeplan yeteray.detectable increases of radioac-
madeplan yeteray.tivity in some food products in
After analyzing radioactivity some areas-of iodine 131 in milk,
snatched from the high air by for example.
especially equipped planes, the The AEC announcement said the
AEC said Monday's third atomic Chinese test was probably an ex-


NOcatuseflar LU4Im thium 6, was present, although its
Government experts emphasized specific function in the device is
there is no cause for alarm; that not yet clear. It will be some time
the radioactivity reaching the before definitive information is
ground would be "just a drop in available."

Advisers, predicted a possible slow- I
down in the boom this year and
told top industrialists a cooling off
would be welcome.
But he said he sees no signs of
a recession-"barring an end to
the war in Viet Nam."
Advancing-But Slowly
The Federal Reserve Board said
that although industrial produc-
tion-the output of the nation's
mills, mines and factories-rose to
another record during April, the
advance was the slowest since last
Strikes in the coal and railroad
industries were blamed in part for
the slowdown but the board said f
revised production schedules in the
automobile industry for May in-
dicate further declines this month
in that key field.
Auto Index
Its index of industrial produc-
tions rose to 153.4 per cent of the
1957-59 average,tup four-tenths of
1 per cent from the revised March
figure.eThis was the slowest ad-
vance since last September when
the index fell one point.
The Commerce Department'
which reported record corporate
profits for the first quarter, show-
ing a 4 per cent gain-$3.1 billion
--over profits for the fourth quar-
ter of 1965.
This is the strongest quarterly
gain since early last year and the
third largest quarterly advance
since 1961 when the current
growth period began.
Earnings after taxes showed an
11 per cent increase over the first
quarter of 1965.
Effect on Wage Guidelines
The advance, which doesn't re-
flect the more recent turndown in
automobile production, is almost
certain to place added strain on
the administratidn's wage-price
guidelines. The guidelines are de-
signed to hold wage demands to
3.2 per cent, the estimated increase
in productivity.
Passport Pictures
Application Pictures
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Available at any time
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was not that
or hydrogen

perimental device, "either at-
tempting to increase the. yield of
the previous low-yield fission de-
vice or looking toward an eventual
thermonuclear capability.
"Specifically, the device employ-
ed enriched uranium, the same
fissionable--splitting of atoms-
material that was used in the pre-
vious Chinese tests. It did not
contain any plutonium.
Thermonuclear Material
"The thermonuclear material, 11-

Actually the Chinese
nists did not claim that t
test was a hydrogen weal
did say it contained "t
clear material," which
firmed by the AEC anno
Left open by yester
nouncement were such
as: Just how powerfulN
day's explosion? And hovw
it take Communist Chi]
velop a hydrogen bomb?
Some experts estimated
nist China will have the
bomb within four years
sooner. Secretary of Deft
ert S. McNamara said
that Communist Chines
with nuclear warheadsI
veloped would have a ra
to 700 miles in the nei
three years.
But he has asserted
would be a decade or m
the Chinese could produi
of intercontinental ran
could directly threaten t

heir third
pon. They
was con-
day's an-
was Mon-
w long will
na to de-
I Commu.
, perhaps
ense Rob-
e missiles
being de-
nge of up
xt' two or
i that it
are before
ce rockets
ge which
he United

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