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August 10, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-08-10

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See Editorial Page

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Chance of rain
this afternoon

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom





Goddard Forceful in FDA Fight for Drug


WASHINGTON (I)-Early this
year a lean and vigorous doctor
yanked the door open to take a
hard look inside the nation's med-
icine cabinet.
Dr. James Lee Goddard - soon
to win the nickname "Go Go
Goddard"-was disenchanted with
a good deal of what he saw as
new commissioner of the Food
and Drug Administration, as the
first medical doctor to hold that
In a country highly conscious
about drugs, he quickly and force-
fully made his views known.
He ordered half a dozen or so
Sells Says

prescription drugs off the market
on grounds they were mislabeled
or didn't live up to claims.
He accused drug manufacturers
of often being irresponsible, and
lashed out at what he saw as
faults in drug advertising.
. The Goddard approach has
spurred some protests from phar-
maceutical leaders and some doc-
tors as well.%
They object that some of his
accusations and actions are too
sweeping, too abrupt, undemocrat-
ic, unfair.
Some accuse him of slowing the
progress of medical research, and

of interfering with the practice of
None of which bothers the 43-
year-old Goddard, says a close
His critics generally do not ar-
gue with his objectives-but with
his methods. Says Dr. Goddard:
"The optimum degree of public
protection is our goal."
Since taking office Jan. 17, Dr.
Goddard's whirlwind of activity
has put the FDA smack in front
of the public eye.
Some drug industry leaders say
they hope Goddard's moves were
designed primarily to give the

FDA a new image, and that now,
or soon he may adopt a more
moderate course.
Until recently, the FDA was a
much-understaffed agency in its
drug responsibilities.
Amendments to the Food and
Drug Act, passed in 1962, gave
FDA the task of seeing to it that
new drugs-and old ones as well,
in FDA's interpretation - were
not only safe but also effective.1
And they greatly tightened re-
quirements for animal and human
testing before a potential new drug
could be approved for wider scale
human testing, or before it could
Two More

later be licensed for general dis-
But the FDA, says numerous
observers, became bogged down for
lack of manpower in trying
to meet its broadened duties. A
completed application to market a
new drug has been taking 18
months or longer for processing
and decision, says Joseph Stetler,
president of the Pharmaceutical
Manufacturers Association.
Now, he adds, it costs about $5
million to develop a new drug from
initial research through all the
required testing, compared with
about $2 million five or more

years ago,
Dr. Goddard is beefing up the
FDA medical and scientific staff,
and is hewing to the new amend-
ments, with which "I am in strong
agreement." For about two years
he practiced medicine in his na-
tive Ohio, and has served in pub-
lic health posts for more than a.
dozen years, the last three as di-
rector of the Communicable Dis-
ease Center of the U.S. Public
Health Service in Atlanta, Ga.
Early along in his new job, he
withdrew approval for a number
of prescription drugs, on grounds
of mislabeling or misrepresenta-

tion in advertising, of ineffective-
ness for claimed purposes, some
on grounds that adverse effects
were not mentioned, or that evi-
dence of harmful effects in ani-
mal tests had not been mentioned.
In a speech to the PMA, Dr.
Goddard told manufacturers that
improper labeling of drugs, im-
proper advertising, poorly prepar-
ed applications for drugs for in-
vestigation or for licensing," are
all symptoms of a disease that
drugs cannot cure-but wlich can
undermine the industry as we
know it. That disease is responsi-

Public response by drug manu-
facturers to Goddard had been
mild, thus far, but leaders object
that all are being tarred for the
actions of a few.
"It's easy for him to say that
the industry should police itself
and enforce its code of ethics,"
said one company president. "But
a code of ethics hasn't the force
of law. If we tried to do anything
about the advertising of a com-
petitor-whose claims we think
are unfounded and unfair - we
might find ourselves in court for
restraint of trade."

OSA Must
0.K. Signs
Explains Policy; Only
Outdated Displays
May Be Removed
J. Duncan Sells, director of stu-
dent organizations, said yesterday
"No signs will be removed by the
Plant Department unless they are
out-dated. Removal for any other
reason will only be on the author-
ity of the Office of Student Af-
Sells added that Voice political
party, the University's chapter of
Students for a Democratic Socie-
ty, will be reimbursed $75 for the
destruction of the sign which had
been removed and allegedly de-
stroyed by the plant department.
Sells spoke with Gilbert Lee,
vice-president for business affairs,
and Alfred B. Ueker, plant man-
ager, yesterday about the removal
of the sign. Sells said afterward
that "as a result of these conver-
sations, a clear understanding has
developed which, although it can-
not rectify the unauthorized re-
moval and damage to the sign,;
does show promise against the re-
currence of such an unfortunate'
Sells said "In the future, all
student organization signs to be
used on the Diag will bear a stamp
of approval from the OSA.".
Ueker said he had found no rea-
son for the first removal of thet
sign. He added that he had found
the sign mutilated and told the
department to pick it up and re-
move it to the basement of the
Student Activities Building the
second time. It was after the sec-
ond removal that Voice members'
discovered the sign broken in half.
Ueker reiterated the depart-
ment's regulation that all out-
dated signs will be removed 24,
hours after the event to the base-:
ment of the SAB. He indicated
that it was a common practice to
also- remove mutilated signs in an
effort to maintain a "clean cam-
Voice officials said that they
had no major complaints about
the handling of the removal and
destruction of their sign. They
had charged the plant department
with "outright political suppres-
sion" when their sign protesting
U.S. involvement in Viet Nam was
removed twice last week.
Voice members, referring to the
reimbursement and the promise
that similar actions would not oc-
cur in the future, said "we got
what we wanted."
However, a spokesman for Voice
added that he "regretted" the fact
that a formal apology would not
be given because it indicated that
"the University is not yet willing
to assume responsibility for the
day-to-day activities of its vari-I
ous departments."

ti u lhchp .iigan Baily Join Race
NEWS WIRE For Regent

Late World News
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-THE HOUSE passed a civil rights bill last
night. to provide new federal powers for improving housing op-
portunities for Negroes and protection of their legal rights.
The bill, which also contains a stiff restriction aimed at
inciters of racial riots, now goes to the Senate where it faces
heavy opposition.
The vote on passage was 259-157. An earlier action exempt-
ing individual homeowners, eliminating about 60 per cent of the
nation's housing from the provision had been passed by a 237-176
roll call vote. The bill will affect mainly apartments and new
housing developments.
CLEVELAND-A CUYAHOGA County grand jury reported
last night it found the racial violence in Negro slums on the city's
East side last month was "organized, precipitated and exploited
by a relatively small group of trained and disciplined profes-
sionals at this business."A
The jury report said the "professionals" were "aided, and
abetted, wittingly or otherwise, by misguided people of all ages
and colors, many of whom are avowed believers in violence and
extremism and some of whom also are either members of or
officers in the Communist party."
The grand jury issued no indictments to add to those handed
down during the first week of the investigation in the July riot-
ing and firebombing.
GRENADA, MISS.-RACIAL tension again flared between
crowds of Negroes and whites in this Mississippi city last night.
City and county officers quickly intervened between crowds
ralling "white power, we're tired of backing up" and some 200
Negroes who had marched on the town square from a voter
registration office.
Rocks, bottles, and cherry bombs were thrown at the Negro
group and several people were beaten up. Police formed a line
between the hostile groups and the Negroes slowly retreated
chanting and singing freedom songs.
ATTENDANCE IN THE Undergraduate Library ran over
two million for past academic year.
This was made possible in part by the rearrangement of
library furniture in July to provide 377 additional seats. The
arrangement was planned by the Community Services Founda-
Volumes on reserve increased 20 per cent in the fall term
and 16 per cent in the winter term. The departments of sociology,
political science and economics accounted for 62 per cent of the
purchases of reserve books.
RALPH W. BANFIELD, University assistant director of ad-
missions, has been appointed executive secretary of the Midwest
Community College Leadership Program Coordinating Council.
He will serve as executive secretary until June 30, 1967,
when he will take a leave of absence from the University.
The MWCCLP is a cooperative effort by the University, Mich-
igan State University, Wayne State University and the Kellogg
Foundation to improve the training of midwestern college ad-
It offers in-service training to practicing administrators
and provides fellowships for selected students working toward
their doctorate in the college administration field.

Douthat, Krandall Add
Names to List Of
Possible Nominees
Two more hats are in the ring
this morning for the Democratic
party's two nominations for Re-
Dean Douthat, of Ann Arbor,
and Norman Krandall, of Detroit,
have announced they will seek
the nomination to fill Regent Carl
Brablec's seat in the November
elections. The party convention
will be held on Aug. 20 in Grand
The nomination for Regent
Irene Murphy's seat is also tech-
nically open, but she has an-
nounced her desire for renomina-
tion and Democratic party offi-
cials have given assurances that
they will hold with tradition in
all but guaranteeing renomination
to an incumbent Regent.
Both men are previous unsuc-
cessful candidates for public of-
fice. In 1959 Krandall was defeat-
ed in a race for the Detroit Board
of Education. Douthat lost a bid
for a seat on the Ann Arbor City
Council in April.
Both will also seek the endorse-
ment of the Washtenaw County
Democratic party convention this
evening, along with John J. Col-
lins, of Detroit, who announced,
his candidacy last Thursday.
The Washtenaw endorsement is
usually given heavy consideration
at the party convention, because;
of the tradition of maintaining at
'least one Regent on the board
from Ann Arbor. The endorsement
is thus seen as a normination for
"the Ann Arbor Regental seat,"
an official explained last night.
Krandall has been talked about
as a possible candidate for some,
time and has been working behind
the scenes lining up supporters.j
He attended a luncheon in AnnI
Arbor yesterday with this in view.
"Michigan's future leadership
and prosperity require our univer-
sities to provide broad opportuni-
ties and to generate new ideas
within a framework of excellence.
I want a part in meeting thist
great challenge," he said yester-r
Douthat is largely a surprise9
candidate and has not been men-
tioned in state party circles until
his announcement.
He said he is interested in ane
increased level of funding for stateI
education, reducing the cost of9
that education to students and inI
helping select the University'sI
next President.v

-Associated Press
A DOWNTOWN LANSING STORE damaged during the flare up of white and Negro youths is in-
spected by a city policeman. The rioting which began Sunday night did not continue last night.
Student Press Congress
To Convene Nextgeek

Breaks Out
In Detroit
Lansing Area Quiet
Despite Continued
Negro, White Unrest
A disturbance broke out in De-
troit late last night in a racial-
ly-mixed neighborhood on the East
Side. Detroit Police Commission-
er Ray Giarardin said later the
riot was "completely under con-
The disturbance occurred when
police tried to make an arrest and
were jumped by bystanders, Girar-
din said.
Girardin added "As far as we're
concerned, it was neither black
nor white in this. Rocks were
thrown indiscriminately."
There was one injury and two
arrests. Police remained on duty
throughout the night.
Meanwhile, police were keeping
a close watch on Lansing's pre-
dominantly Negro West Side last
night, in an effort to quell any
renewal of the racial violence
which has erupted in the city for
the past two days.
Negro leaders.told city officials
that they would try to maintain
order in the riot-torn ueighbor-
hood. Several Negro leaders met
with city officials and the police
last night to prevent further dis-
turbances, to present Negro com-
plaints, and to formulate possible
The rioting began Sunday night
when several white youths drove
through the Negro neighborhood
throwing rocks and shouting in-
sults. That same night several Ne-
gro youths were thrown out of
recreation areas in the downtown
area by white teenagers.
Many city officials, and Gov-
ernor Romney, said they believed
many of the rioters were out-of-
town residents. However, Rev.
Kenneth Faiver, pastor of Christo
Rey Church, a Catholic parish not
far from the riot-torn area, said
the Negro youths who participat-
ed in the violence were city resi-
dents, though he believed that a
majority of the whites were resi-
dents of outlying cities and towns.
Faiver said that "the main
street in the downtown area has
been a dragstrip for the last three
years . . . it was getting to the
point where Negroes were afraid
to go down there at night."
Monday night police tossed tear
gas grenades into gangs of youths
throwing fire bombs, bricks, pop
bottles and sticks at passing cars.
Several persons were injured be-
fore the second night of racial
violence was brought under con-
Faiver said many Negroes charg-
ed that the police were "unneces-
sarily hostile." He added that there
are legitimategrevances, contrary
to Mayor Max Murnnghan's
statement that the rioters swere
merely "blowing off steam." MuM-
inghan had interrupted his vaca-
tion in order to supervise police
handling of the situation and re-
sumed it yesterday because he felt
that "the situation is under con-
trol." He added that he would keep
in touch with the city officials.
A spokesman in the mayor's of-
fice said that the object of city
hall officials is "to maintain law
and order" and if necessary "ask
for the aid of state troops." He
said that- no arrests will be made
in the future unless "they are sub-
stantiated." He added that the
mayor's office has "heard of no
grievances" and that many people
feel that "the police are not doing
Faiver said" the Negroes were

going to arm themselves and that
he expected renewed rioting in the
future "that will be more violent
than it has been."
Gov. George Romney expressed

Scientists Seek Nerve Action Duplication

WASHINGTON (P)-Science is
striving to measure and artificially
duplicate the functions of the hu-
man nervous system. It is possible
that some day science may be able
to duplicate the functions of cer-
tain nerves in human bodies.
Such research may mean hope-
though many years off at best-
for persons crippled by nerve di-
seases which have left muscles
still available though useless.
Polio is an example. ,
So is the possibility of rehabili-
tating an arm left useless after a
stroke. Nerve research also may
lead to artificial limbs that can be
operated by signals from the brain

ical models of individual nerve
cells to duplicate certain functions.
The other is actual physiological
measurement-the direct study of
the actions of the nervous system.
Scientists view neural modeling as
a useful theoretical supplement'to
physiological measurement.
The problem of determining
how the brain functions is enor-
mous. There are at least 10 billion
nerve cells in the brain and each
is further complicated in itself
and in connections to other nerves.
Leon Harmon, an electronic en-
gineer at Bell Telephone Labora-
tories, has been working on neural
modeling for about 10 years.
V..a a.-nn P cve. icn .,.

There are so many neurons in
the human body that the loss of
about 50,000 a day appears to
make little difference in physio-
logical or intellectual functionings.
"Between the ages of 20 and
50, we lose about 10 per cent of
our nerve cells," Harmon says.
"They die out through natural
attrition of one kind of another-
X rays, fever, diseases,, old age."
So far as is known, none of
these neurons is replaced.
Harmon and his colleagues have
been working on the sensory 'part
of the nervous system-how the
eye sees, how the ear hears.
One model resembles electron-
inn n .a+ metIr in +n hhuman a,

cord that control muscles.
Work at Johns Hopkins turned
to the nervous system when engi-
neers found themselves looking
for improved control systems for
"We hope that what we have
learned in missile control systems
may be applied to gaining knowl-
edge of the nervous system," says
Fred Hiltz, a Johns Hopkins en-
gineer. "And conversely, we hope
that the nervous system may teach
us more about control systems and
information processing."
Hiltz's group has built electronic
duplicates of nerve cells found in
various nervous systems. "We have


The fifth annual Congress of
the Student Press, which brings
representatives from student news-
papers all over the country to-
gether for a five-day seminar, will
be held August 15-20 at the Uni-
versity of Illinois.
The congress, which is sponsor-
ed by the United States Student
Press Association, will consist of
general discussions on "Issues in
Higher Education" and "The Viet
Nam Story," as well as a series of
workshops for news, editorial and
business staff members.
The seminars in higher educa-
tion will be presented by 16 edi-
tors who have participated in a
five-week summer session in An-
napolis, Md., and will deal with
some major educational issues
which might concern student
Lectures and Research
The editors have attended lec-
tures by' national authorities on
journalism and education as well
as doing research, participating in
discussions and writing articles on
the role of the student press at a
The discussion on Viet Nam will
consist of several groups analyz-
ing the various aspects of Viet
Nam coverage, ranging from cam-
pus demonstrations to the war it-
self. The editors will discuss how
a paper can best make use of
campus resources in analyzing the
war, what kinds of stories can be
written which the commercial

GENEVA (JP) - Pep pills and'
tranquilizers, daily strengthening
their hold on modern society, are
now regarded by experts as a
menace on a par with notorious
drugs like opium and heroine.
The U.N. Narcotics Commission
is so alarmed by the massive mis-
use of pharmaceutical prepara-
tions that it has summoned ex-
perts from 110 nations to deal
with the problem.
They open their five-day meet-
ing here Monday. The experts will
discuss the possibility of securing
international control, if necessary
through treaties, of a wide range
of tranquilizers, stimulants and
Discuss LSD
They will also discuss the prob-
lem of hallucinatory drugs, such

UN Experts To Investigate
Control of Stimulant Drugs

in the newsroom and editorial of-
Editorial Problems
Another workshop will consider
editorial problems: the purpose
and effect of editorials, outside
pressures on editors and writers,
the various styles of editorials and
the range of views a student news-
paper should represent.
There will also be workshops on
the effect of newspapers on the
intellectual and cultural life of the

campus, and on the problems of
recruiting and training a staff.
The business managers' work-
shop will be based on a recent
Newsweek Magazine College Pub-
lications Survey which was sent
out to a number of college and
university business m a n a g e r s.
Newsweek experts will lead the ses-
sions, which will deal with budget-
ing, advertising sales techniques,
circulation, printing processes and

illusion that such preparations
can permanently improve the
In the words of a commission
official: "You can buy neither
happiness or talent in a pill."
Unprecedented Action
The gathering is an unprece-
dented step on the part of the
U.N. commission which has hith-
erto dealt only with narcotic
drugs. It reflects increasing inter-
national concern over the prolifer-
ation of mind-changing drugs,
often available at a drug store
without a doctor'stprescription.
A spokesman for the commis-
sion explained: "This modern age
is completely mechanized. For the
basic essentials of life we depend
on mechanization. But all ma-
chines are operated and super-

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