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June 16, 1966 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1966-06-16

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GIVING EDUCATION
A PHILOSOPHICAL BASE
See Editorial Page

Lw iF Au

iEaii4

CLOUDY
High-75
Low-55
Occasional showers,
possible thunderstorms

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom

}.i

VOL. LXXVI, No. 31S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 16, 1966

SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

Scientists

Study

Activity of Brain During

Sleep

By MICHAEL HEFFER
First of a Two-Part Series
Night comes to the nation, but
all the people do not sleep, for
in the night there are many,
things to watch: television shows,
moving pictures, traffic lights . - -
and brain activity.
Every night in laboratories
across the nation, sleep monitors
stand by instruments that record
just what happens when people
sleep. Rapidly becoming a fasci-
nating scientific field, sleep is be-
ing studied at about two dozen
centers.1
Scientists are discovering that
the study of sleep is very much
related to the study of behavior,
memory, sanity and psychosis,
health, and mental illness. It may
also lead to important findings
in the search to discover how the
brain works.
Volunteers wearing electrodes
attached by wires to panels which
the sleep monitors watch all night
are placed in comfortable beds.

The wires are all on the sleeper's
head, and are often' drawn to-
gether into a pigtail so they don't
get tangled,
Much of work already accom-
plished in these laboratories has
been summarized in a report re-
cently published by the National
Institute of Mental Health. The
report, easily read by those with
no experience in the field, con-
tains some interesting information
for those college students who seek
odd hours in which to study, like
staying up for an entire night.
The report says body tempera-
ture varies in a cycle every 24
hours and a worker is doing his
best when his temperature is high-
est. Our work day is set so that
our work is mostly required dur-
ing the day, when most people
seem to have their highest tem-
perature period. Yet it is possible
that one may work better at night
if your temperature is highest dur-
ing that period.
Rest, however, is essential dur-

ink the 24 hours. The question
now facing scientists is why not
throw out the old eight hours at
night system and substitute a sys-
tem of four hours of work fol-
lowed by four hours of rest. Some
contend the present sleeping per-
iod is simply a habit and that chil-
dren can be trained to follow an-
other.
One example of the possible
flexibility of sleeping periods was
made in a study of mice, young
and old, placed in a situation
where they had to jump every
15 seconds or they would fall to
the ground. Old mice, unable to
change sleeping habits, were forc-
ed to stay awake in order to
make the jumps. They lasted only
four days before they fell from
exhaustion and lack of seep.
Yet very young rats were able
to keep up the jumping for as
long as 27 days. Their secret: in
between jumps, for less than 15
seconds, they napped.
The report warns against peo-

ple depriving themselves of sleep,
referring to extensive reports on
sleep deprivation that date back
to its first use as a torture.
Sleep research has led to the
finding of aid for people suffer-
ing from narcolepsy. This ailment
is one that might cause someone
in a class to fall asleep or even
lose complete muscle control with-
out warning. Simple emotional re-
sponses like laughter can bring
it on.
Narcolepsy has been classified
as rather rare, but scientists have
discovered that many more peo-
ple than they first thought suffer
from it in some form.
When someone suffering from
the disease seems to blank out,
he actually falls fast asleep, and
enters a period of sleep during
which he has vivid dreams. It
usually takes most people about
90 minutes to reach this stage of
sleep, but a narcoleptic enters it
immediately.
In studying the sleep of nar-

coleptics, scientists discovered that
restless sleep and shorter per-
iods of vivid dreaming seemed to
characterize their sleep at night.
It seemed as if they were making
up for a dream and sleep loss
during the day.
So scientists have tried drugs
to enhance the night sleeping of
these people and have had some
success in cutting out narcoleptic
attacks. Drugs they are experi-
menting with include LSD.
That period of rapid dreaming
is called an REM period-REM
standing for rapid eye move-
ments; part of the body activity
that takes place during this per-
iod. The eye moves as if follow-
ing a film, and the person's brain
activity is very similar to that
during waking.
Scientists consider all sleep to
be a state of consciousness, but
during REM sleep the person is
hard to awaken though he re-
ceives responses to outside noise
as if he were awake.

Of great significance here is
the number of heart attacks that
occur during the period of REM
sleep, when the heart rate and
blood pressure are exceedingly
rapid.
When a person is awakened
during this period he will remem-
ber dreams, yet if he is awaken-
ed moments after the rapid eye
movements cease he will remem-
ber very little or nothing. The
average individual spends a total
of about 5 years in such sleep.
The report calls sleep "a suc-
cession of repeated cycles," not the
same for different individuals.
However much people differ in
detail, normal people show rough-
ly the same overall sleep pat-
tern. Marked deviations from this
pattern are often signs of seri-
ous disorders. Encephalitis is an
extreme instance, and its suffer-
ers may find their daily tempera-
ture cycle inverted; they may
sleep by day instead of night.

Because sleep disorders and
mental illness inevitably occur si-
multaneously, sleep disorders have
become a cue for discriminating
among different types of mental
illness. And increasing insomnia
is an indication of increasing de-
terioration in the condition of
mental patients.
Another fascinating study is
that of the sleep walker, or som-
nambulist. Sleep walking seems to
occur during a stage of sleep
when the sleeper "is utterly re-
moved from the world, though his
brain wave responses would indi-
cate that every sound and the
lightest touch are received in his
brain."
This enables sleep walkers to
move around in a room without
touching furniture, yet still be
fast asleep. Awakened immediate-
ly after walking the somnambulist
remembers nothing.
TOMORROW: Controlling
Sleep.

I

Voter March
Continues in
Mississippi
150 Negroes Register
In Granada; Four
Hired as Registrars
By HARVEY WASSERMAN
Special To The Daily
GRANADA, Miss.-It was a full
day yesterday for participants in
the Meredith march. The group
split up early at their headquar-
ters in Granada. Over 100 march-
ers-the number grew larger
throughout the day as Negroes
from Granada joined the march-
left Granada in the morning led
by Congress on Racial Equality
Executive Director Floyd McKis-
sick and his wife and four chil-
dren. He was joined by Southern
Christian Leadership Conference
leader Rev. Dr. Martin Luther
King a bit later.
McKissick and King left the
march early in the afternoon to
lead a rally in Charleston, the
nearby Tallahatchie County seat,
where a reported 125 Negroes reg-
istered to vote. Fewer rights work-
ers - about 15 - went to Drew,;
county seat of Sunflower County,
and the efforts there were less
successful, as the reception from
local law officials was "not en-
thusiastic." One worker reported,
"We were run out of town."
In the town and county of Gra-
nada, teams canvassed the area
and brought Negroes to the court-
house for registration. Reports in-
dicated that over 150 Negroes had
registered by 6 p.m. last night,
nearing the figure of 180 report-
ed two days ago.
Two nights ago a minor disturb-
ance broke out among Negro rights
workers in the men's tent. The
dispute centered around Cordell
Reagen, a SNCC worker and for-
mer freedom singer, and two or
three workers who questioned
Reagen's leadership. A number of
the disputees had been drinking.
The dispute remained loudly
verbal and carried on for half an
hour until someone turned out the
lights.
The march route yesterday took
a swing to the west on the road
into the Mississippi Delta region
or "Black Belt" and toward
Greenwood where demonstrations
were held in 1964. The area is
made up largely of sharecropper
plantations. The majority of the
states Negroes live in this flat
cotton-producing sector of the
state.
RELATIONSHIP 0

Sectarians
fm miriganit ail; Reject State
IWC WIRF Tuition Bill

__

IM w w ww oltd

IN CONJUNCTION WITH the forthcomnig Students for a
Democratic Society national convention, the Conference on Po-
litical Organizing began yesterday at the University. Representa-
tives from various colleges and universities across the country
were present at workshops on the formation of local and national
coalitions.
Today's workshops will deal with power and the agencies of
change and will be held on the third floor of the SAB.
* * * *
THE HUMAN RELATIONS COMMITTEE of the University
Social Work Council is organizing a car caravan to Mississippi
to join the "march against fear" from Coldwater to Jackson.
Earlier plans to charter a bus have been canceled because of the
prohibitive cost. The caravan will leave Friday at 6:30 p.m. and
will return Monday, June 20. Anyone interested in joining and/or
providing a car may contact Ed Penn, 668-8175 or Dave Dawley,
662-3784.
DR. BERNARD W. AGRANOFF of the Medical School was
awarded a $60,000 National Science Foundation grant for his
project "Biochemical Correlates of Behavior," Rep. Weston Vivian
(D-Ann Arbor) announced yesterday.
ONE OF THE UNIVERSITY'S KEY scientific research facil-
ities for exploring the Universe, the 85-foot diameter radio tele-
scope, will open its grounds to the public on the third Sunday of
each month from June through September, starting this Sunday.
Staff members of the University's Radio Astronomy Obser-
vatory will describe the operation of the radio telescope and how
it receives natural radio waves coming from the sun, moon and
planets in our solar system, from distant exploding galaxies and
quasi-stellar radio sources.
Located 15 miles northwest of Ann Arbor, the 11-story-high
dish antenna can be seen by visitors between 2 and 4:30 p.m. June
19, July 17, Aug. 21 and Sept. 18.
The Radio Astronomy Observatory is located at 10280 N.
Territorial Rd., five miles north of Ann Arbor and 10 miles west
of U.S. 23.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN PLAYERS will present
"The Winter's Tale," by Shakespeare June 29 through July 2 at
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The box office will be open from 12:30 until 8 p.m. on per-
formance days. Curtain time is 8 p.m.
DETROIT P) - HENRY FORD II thinks location of an
atom-smasher and laboratory near Ann Arbor would boost the
auto industry and the nation's economy and make southeast
Michigan a "great scientific center."
Ford Motor Co. said Tuesday its chairman urged in a letter to
Glenn T. Seaborg, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission,
that the Washtenaw County site be given favorable consideration.
The site, in Northfield Township not far from the University
and less than 40 miles from car-making Detroit, is one of several
being considered by the AEC for a multi-million-dollar acceler-
ator laboratory.

Churches Oppose
Grants To Students
At Private Colleges
L A N S I N G (A'i - Arguments
against a bill to provide tuition
grantsto students at privatecol-
legYes and universities "appeal to
ancient prejudices of past cen-
turies," a private college spokes-
man said yesterday.
The Michigan Association of
Private Colleges issued a state-
ment answering objections of the
Detroit Council of Churches and
the Jewish Community Council of
metropolitan Detroit.
The two groups issued a joint'
statement Monday, saying the bill,
approved by the Legislature, vio-
lated the concept of separation of
church and state. They urged Gov.
George Romney to veto the bill.
"Every study of Michigan high-
er education made in the past 10
years has advocated strengthen-
ing; Michigan private higher edu-
cation,"' said Dr. Gorton Rieth-
miller, president of Olivet College.{
The Rev. Laurence Britt, presi-
dent of the University of Detroit,
quoted the report of the gover-
nor'sblue ribbon committee on
higher education as recommend-
ing that the Legislature and State
Board of Education "be on watch
for ways and means whereby the
present private college programs
might be stimulated and en-
larged."
The tuition grant program, al-
lowing students up to $500 a year,
depending on family income,
would cost the state an estimated
$3.3 million its first year, based
on Board of Education estimates
of average grants of $400 to some
8,000 students.
The bill was supported by the
presidents of Michigan's three
largest public universities, Reith-
miller said ,adding:
"The Council of Churches and
the Jewish Council opposition to
this legislation is misguided and
certainly not based on fact. They
have not, to my knowledge, con-
sulted with any college president
before condemning the bill.
"It is not sufficient today to
trot out the bogeyman of church
and state as an excuse to deny
young Michigan citizens an op-
portunity for a college education
merely because they choose to
attend a private college," he said.

Performers here are rehearsing for the opening of the new Ypsilanti Greek Theatre earlier this week.
The Ypsilanti Greek Theatre:
A Complement of Old and New

Regent Plans
To Retire at
End of Yea
Brablec Says Other
Obligations Keep Him
From Reelection Bid
Regent Carl Brablec announced
yesterday he will retire at the end
of the year when his term expires.
He said his decision was due to
the "intensifying obligations" of
his position as superintendent of
Roseville schools.
Regents are now elected -for
eight-year terms. Every other year
the terms of two Regents, this year
Brablec's and Regent Irene Mur-
phy's, end and the voters must
choose Regents for the next eight
years.
Brablec, who holds a masters
degree from the University be-
came a Regent in 1957. While a
Regent he has been active in edu-
cation, serving onthe governor's
Committee on Educational Fi-
nance, the State Advisory Com-
mittee on Teacher Education. and
Certification, and the Association
of Governing Boards of Universi-
ties and Colleges.
In his announcement yesterday,
Brablec said, "I will leave this
association with the University
with the greatest reluctance."
Upon learning of the decision,
University President Harlan H.
Hatcher said, "We very much
regret that the press of profes-
sional responsibilities has caused
Regent Brablec to decide not to
seek reelection to the Board of
Regents, and that the University
will not continue to benefit from
his wise counsel as Regent."
Regent Robert Briggs said he
was sorry to learn of the decision.
He called Brablec a "fine Regent."
Another Regent, Paul Goebel,
also expressed his sorrow that
Brablec will be leaving, and called
Brablec "a good member of the
board."
Left open is the question of
Brablec's position on the Regents'
committee on presidential selec-
tion. Since he will be working on
it as Regent until his term Offi-
cially ends December 31, there
is a possibility he will continue on
it until it selects a president.
When asked yesterday, several
Regents said they did not know
what action would be taken on
this matter.

By BETSY COHN with the most refined grace and,
Decoate womn wappe indignity imaginable.
Decoate womn wappe in The audience was applauding
lively looking fur skins strutted Cassandra (Ruby Dee) at the same
about in auras of blotproof lip- time the first series of jet planes
stick and Channel No. 5. Men in w r n A.Ache

gray togas with prominent creases
were lining up outside the blue
and green striped aluminum fa-
cade preparing to kindle their
torches. They worked along side
red and gray trucks which were
pumping and draining excessI
water from the improvised sewage.
systenm.

weII ruktan g verneat . s e
evening continued, the incon-
gruous sounds of the 20th century
outdoors began to blend harmon-
iously with the ancient antics of
the muses and the chorus,
The music, written especially for
this performance by Iannis Xena-
kis, is a curious mixture of per-

cussive and high pitched sounds
It was the site of Walter O. as well as hollow echoing tones
Briggs Baseball Stadium, tem- which seemed almost to mimic the
porarily the Ypsilanti Greek chants of the ancient Greek
Theatre, on the Campus of East- choruses. Resulting was a modern
ern Michigan University-June 14

another exciting facet of the Yp-
silanti Greek. Theatre which con-
tains, by definition, many "firsts,"
"uniques" and "distinctives."
The presentation of "The
Oresteia" itself is a first in that
this is the first time in modern
history that it has been presented
in one day (three hours) instead
of the traditional five-hour pro-
duction carried on for two days.
The physical aspect of the
theatre is also a first in that it
will be the first of its kind con-
structed anywhere in the world for
over 2000 years.
The theatre, designed by Harry
Weese & Assoc. (who also designed
the Arena Theatre in Seattle,
Washington), has already been
foreseen as "the most elegant out-
door theatre in the United States,"
by the optimistic acting company.
The acting company, their
movements, the music, the effect
of the outdoors, the interesting
interchange between ancient and
modern, the scenery, the makeup:
these are only the more blatant
reasons for a prediction of success
for the new Greek Theatre Pro-
gram.

F ETHICS:

1966, a re-run of the prize-
winning Greek trilogy from the
458 B.C. drama festival. There
was no "Star Spangled Banner"
fanfare, just the amplified sound
of the evening air whirring into
the microphones which dangled'
over the outdoor stage.
In the home-team dugout sat a
twenty piece orchestra under the
direction of Konstantin Simonovic.
In the visitor's dugout was seated
a prompter shuffling through his
scripts with a battery flashlight.
The overhead lights dimmed and
the spotlight began a calculated
search for one of the three large
metallic blue doors which was to
be one third of the scenery used
in "The Oreste"a."
From the center door appeared
Alexis Solomos, former director
of the National Greek Theatre in
Athens and presently the artistic
director of the Ypsilanti Greek
Theatre.
He greeted his first American
Greek Theatre audience with a
slight bow; a gesture which has
been three years in the making.
This was the premiere perform-
ance of the Ypsilanti Greek
Theatre which has been in blue-
print and planning since 1963.
As Solomos spoke of the ancient
Greek tradition, automobiles could
be heard in the distance. The
audience, in all its first-night
gilded elegance, sat stiffly perched
nn1 71A h b1onhai.ctats narA 21n

CarY tUrf type of composition
with a primitive sound accom-
panying an ancient tragedy.
The movements of the actors
were choreographed by Helen Mc-
Gehee, assistant to Martha Gra-
ham. Again, there was the inter-
vention of modern into ancient as
the actors spoke their lines in
traditional dramatic intonation
with very emotional and expres-
sive choreographed patterns.
This comfortable complement of
the ancient with the modern is

FACES CONTEMPT CHARGE:
Oregon Editor Violates Order

I

Three 'U' Professors Address Mensa Club

By MICHAEL DITKOWSKY
Three University professors were
invited Saturday to address the
first annual state gathering of.
Mensa which was held at the
Sheraton-Cadillac Hotel.
Mensa was initially incorporated
by the regents of New York Uni-
versity to serve as an educational
organ whose primary function was
to serve as sort of an intellectual
sample group for interested
scientists.

code must necessarily be based on
consequence.
Singer continued that much
needed social science knowledge
will help guide morals in the right
direction. He said that a person
who felt he had a patriotic duty
to fight in Viet Nam might change
his attitude if he knew of the
relationships between the war and
the stock market.
IQ Criterion
Admittance to Mensa is based
solely on I.Q. which must be at
1... 4. 1 A6 ----------I. . ht. F. ,^

I.Q. test," said Feldheim. "I took
one in the army, I remember.
Anyway, I don't have any faith in
IQ tests."
Never Taken Test
Scott said he had never taken
an IQ test.,"I wouldn't take one
to join Mensa, either," he said. "I
find enough intellectual stimula-
tion on the campus from my col-
leagues and students."
Both Singer and Scott voiced
similar sentiments when they said
that a group such as Mensa would

the respect they get on campus
and can't take the comedown."
In a mild rebuttal to this line
of thinking Professor Singer stat-
ed that a high IQ does not insure
wisdom. He said a person could
have an IQ of 155 yet lack sense.
In other words, a high IQ is no
direct insurance against ignorance.
As far as Mensa's purposes are
concerned, there is general agree-
ment as to an omnibus function
rather than a specific scientific
ideology. Howard Aldrich a Uni-
va' fo r...e+. ..anf andi w, nmha'.r f

By THOMAS R. COPI
Despite a court order to answer
a grand jury's questions, the
managing editor of the Oregon
Daily Emerald refused again yes-
terday to identify students which
she quoted in an article on the
use of marijuana at the University
of Oregon.
Annette Buchanan, a junior
from Seattle, will face charges of
contempt of court at a trial sched-
uled for June 27. She faces a
maximum penalty of six months
in jail and a $300 fine. Miss
Buchanan refused to follow an
order issued Monday by Circuit
,,a 'Ew,rd TLeavthat she

tional guarantees of freedom of
speech and the press.
Frye then took her before Judge
Leavy, and after a two hour hear-
ing, he ordered her to answer the
grand jury's questions.
When she again refused to do so
yesterday, Frye moved that she be
placed in contempt of court for
failing to follow Judge Leavy's
order.
Miss Buchanan's attorney, Ar-
thur Johnson, asked for 10 days
in which to prepare arguments
against Frye's motion. Judge Leavy
said he would hear the arguments
on June 27.
Misg Buhanan said vesterdaY

guarantees in the first and four-
teenth amendments guaranteeing
freedom of speech and of the
press, and
* that in being managing edi-
tor of the Daily Emerald she is a
state employe and does not have
to reveal confidential discussions.
Frye said yesterday that he
thought it was stretching a point
to call Miss Buchanan an employe
of the state, and that he didn't
think that the state statute would
apply 'in this case.
In a 1963 Pennsylvania case,
Robert L. Taylor, president and
general manager of the Philadel-

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