See Page 4
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1961 FIVE CENTS EIGHT PA
MI, No. 100
U.S.Iaos Efforts Fail
WASHINGTON 4P)-The Unit-
d States has suffered a double
etback in efforts to gain inter-
ational support for an American-
acked plan to establish a neutral
,atus for Laos.
Westernl diplomats placed this
aterpretation yesterday on the
reported refusal of Cambodia's
Prince Norodom Sihanouk to
serve as chairman of a three-na-
tion neutral nations commission
in the troubled Southeast Asian
Turn Down Plan
Cambodia said such a commis-
sion could not control foreign in-
tervention in the war-torn jungle
kingdom without cooperation from
pro-Communist rebels. Commu-
nist nations also turned down the
king's proposal, made in an extra-
ordinary appeal to the world Sun-
Rejection of the plan by Cam-
bodia was regarded as a heavy
blow to the whole plan.
Adding to the United States
diplomatic setback was the re-
turn of former Premier Souvanna
Phouma from his self-imposed
exile in Cambodia to "the rebel
held headquarters at Xieng Khou-
ang in central Laos.
There had been some hope here
that Souvanna Phouma would re-
turn to Laos under different cir-
cumstances-as a 'member of a
broader-based neutral govern-
ment under the king.
Reports from Tokyo indicate
that leftist forces in Laos claim
Nationalist Chinese soldiers in
Northern Burma are being enlist-
ed by the United States, Thailand
and the pro-Western Laotian gov-
ernment of Prince Boun Oum to
reinforce rightist forces in the
Laotian civil war.
The Pathet Lao Radio said yes-
terday, the recruits are from Na-
tionalist soldiers left in northern
Burma after the Communists took
over the Chinese mainland 1.1
In Moscow yesterday,' Pravda
called for revival of the Interna-
tional Armistice Commission for
Laos, a survey mission by the
commission, and an international
conference on the war-torn Indo-
chinese kingdom to follow soon
The Soviet Communist party or-
gan said the commission-made
up of Poland, India and Canada--
should survey the situation in
Laos and make recommendations
to Britain and the Soviet Union
"concerning the tasks stemming
from new conditions in the coun-
try and the powers the commis-
sion should be invested with if its
work in Laos is to be really effec-
LOUIS C. RICE
.. at rush meeting
Inter-Fraternity Council Presi-
dent Jon Trost, '61, told an audi-
ence of nearly 600 men at a mass
open rush meeting last night that
he could supply no answrto
"the great debate" concerning the
relative merits of quadrangle and
The question presents itself
every year, Trost said. Men ask
why they should rush.
But no one has the answers to
these questions. All are a little
i, prejudiced, whether connected
with the quadrangles or the fra-
"The answer can only come
through one's personal experience
with ,the fraternities. Compare
and decide for yourselves," Trost
advised. "Whatever youdecide, the
answer lies with you."
Louis . Rice, assistant to the
dean of men in charge of frater-
nities, called on the experience
of the men, most of whom he said
were intheir second semester, to
guide their decisions.
"You have a semester. behind
you," he said. "Things have
changed. You see many things dif-
ferently now. Take time in your
On Civil Rights
WASHINGTON W) -- Noting
that President John F. Kennedy
hasn'tasked for one, Senate Re-
publican leader Everett M. Dirk-
sen'(R-Ill) yesterday said he
would "unfurl a civil rights bill"
in a couple of weeks.
Dirksen, after a conference of
'Senate and House GOP leaders,
said he would introduce his bill
"in the absence of any clear in-
dication the administration is go-
ing to submit anything."
Rep. Charles A. Halleck of In-
diana, the House Republican
leader, joined Dirksen in gibing
at Kennedy's omission of civil
rights in his recent list of 16 most
The list included bills on mini-
mum wage, unemployment com-
pensation, health care for the
aged, federal aid to education,
social security revisions and other
Dirksen said he had expected
Kennedy to include "something in
the general field of civil rights
and the revision of Senate Rule
22" to make it easier to shut off a
Kennedy has indicated he in-
tends for the present to rely pri-
marily on executive actions which
may be taken under present laws.
The Illinois Senator said his civil
rights bill would cover proposals
The Ann Arbor City Council ap-
proved last night the applications
of eight local establishments for
class "C" liquor licenses, which
permit liquor to be sold by the
These approvals bring to 11 the'
total number of restaurants that
have been cleared for class "C"
The Council also approved a
motion to hire a consultant to
investigate ways of improving the
downtown area. To begin the sur-
vey, questionnaires will be dis.
tributed to customers and em-
ployes of the downtown area.
A petition was presented to the
Council protesting against the hir-
ing of outside labor for city con-
struction jobs. "It is bad taste to
say the least . . . to employ out-
of-city labor where there are many
unemployed for as long as 10
months," Dale Jones of union local
"Law requires us to choose the
lowest bid," Guy C. Larcom, city
administrator, replied. The council
agreed to table approval of a bid
for a current contracting job un-
til it had investigated the matter
WASHINGTON (R)-A billion-
dollar aid-to-the-jobless bill-No.
1 on President John F. Kennedy's
priority list-cleared the House
Way's and Means Committee yes-
terday and headed for passage by
the House next week.,
The key committee approved
emergency extension of unemploy
-ment compensation benefits after
changing the financing provisions'
to meet objections from Republi-
cans and business groups.
Within an hour after the ways
and means group acted, Demo-
cratic leaders docketed the bill for
House consideration next Wednes-
day. It was expected to be brought
up under a procedure permitting a
"yes" or "no" vote, with no amend-
The Kennedy administration's
objective is to start these addi-
tional payments to the long-term
unemployed by April 1, and Demo-
cratic leaders said they hope to
The bill would provide up to
another 13 weeks of benefits to
jobless workers who have ex-
hausted their rights since last
June 30. The emergency program
would run for two years from that
The Kennedy administration has
estimated 500,000 or more out-of-
work persons already have reached
the limit of their benefits under
regular unemployment compensa-
tion programs, and that another
2.4 million will do so in the future.
Passage was assured when House
Republican leader Charles A. Hal-
leck of Indiana announced sup-
port of a temporary extension of
This help is needed, Halleck
said, because of "conditions which
have developed" since last Novem-
ber--when Kennedy was elected.
At a news conference in advance
of the committee's action, Halleck
said Republicans believe the cost
should be met by a temporary
increase in the current 3.1 per cent
payroll tax paid by employers.
As it turned out, that's the
method the committee adopted,
rather than providing for a per-
manent increase from $3,000 to
$4,800 in the annual base on which
the tax is levied.
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
Panhellenic Association Presi-
dent Barbara Greenberg, '61, says
the Panhel rush committee will
submit a revised rush schedule
for next year to Student Govern-
ment Council for approval March
15 or 22.
The primary advantage of the
new schedule, planned in co-
operation with Assembly Associa-
tion, is that until the fourth set
no rush parties will be held on
week-nights. In addition, a week
of classes will separate the mixers
from the second set.
Rush will begin officially dur-
ing registration weekend. Mixers
will be held the Friday, Saturday
and Sunday before classes begin,
and the second set will begin the
following Friday evening. Parties
will be continued Saturday and
Sunday Afternoons, leaving both
Third set parties will be held
the next Friday night and Satur-
day afternoon, this time leaving
both Saturday evening and Sun-
Fourth set parties will be held
Monday and Tuesday and final
desserts, as usual, Thursday and
Friday. Preferencing will be Fri-
day evening and pledging Sun-
Miss Greenberg, who says she
is greatly pleased with the plans
for the new system, says the idea
has never been proposed before
because of the burden itwould
place on the house directors be-
Mrs. Irene Potter, house direc-
tor at Alpha Omicron P soror-
ity, believes enough of the actives
will have returned before the mix-
ers to assume responsibility for
"i am certain," 'she said, "that
the house directors would be hap-
py to help with rush in any way
they can. r n
The second benefit of the sys-
tem is that rushees and actives
will not have to miss evening
classes during the first two weeks
of the semester.
William J. Stea, 65E, was ar-
rested by local police yesterday
and charged with malicious de-
struction of property in connection
with the East Quadrangle fire last
Stea was implicated by an
anonymous phone call to the po-
lice the same night as the fire.
At his arraignment in Munici-
pal Court yesterday, Judge Fran-
cis O'Brien advised Stea not to
enter a plea until he could dis-
cuss the matter with his parents.
Stea must re -appear before
O'Brien before March 6.
Stea was released on $25 bond
posted by the Office of the Dean
Costly irline S
PROF. UHLENBECK TO LEAVE:
Cites 'U' Size, Interruptions
By MICHAEL BURNS : v
The size and the inherent in-
terruptions of a big institution
were cited yesterday by an out-
standing physicist as his reasonsy
for leaving the University.
Prof. George E. Uhlenbeck, :
Henry Smith Carhart University
professor of the phsics depart-
ment, will leave Ann Arbor next..
week (officially since Feb. 1) to
work at the Rockefeller Institute
in New York after approximately
30 years of service to the Univer-
He called his decision to goto
the smaller institution, "a difficult
one to make." Prof. Uhlenbeck, an
expert in theoretical physics, made
his .decision to leave last spring
and it was approved at the Febru-
ary Regents' meeting last week,t
To Write Book
The invitation to join the staff
at the Rockefeller Institute gives
Prof. Uhlenbeck "an opportunity.'
to go to a place that is quite small9
where I will have time to
write my book." He is planning to
co-author a book on statistical TO LEAVE JOB-Prof. George E. Uhlenbeck of the physics de-
physics with Prof. Theodore Ber- partment is leaving the University to take a job with the Rocke-
lin, a former student of his.
In a larger school, the physicist feller Institute.
xpl thear nyi -lenbeck first came to Ann Arbor. more students," the physicist ex-
entist from whriting.c Askeep a univers- His main teaching has been di- plains.
st ''gets bigger and bigger, it rected toward graduates and Prof. Rockefeller Institute, where he
also becoes busier and busier," Uhlenbeck has seen the graduate will be working, is a pure research
he noted. physics division more than triple center, which is expanding from
Prof. Uhlenbeck, a native of the since 1927. Interest in both theo- its concentration in biology and
Dutch East Indies, first gained retical and experimental physics medicine to include all branches
international attention as a stu- has greatly increased since those of science.
dent at the University of Leiden, days, he observes. He will do research in statistical
The Netherlands, in 1926, when he The University's large size is physics, which explains properties
was the co-discoverer of the elec- "both good and bad" Prof. Uhlen of systems of gases and liquids in
tron spin theory. beck declared. It is good for sci- terms of molecules and he expects
Develops Theory entists "to get a lot of stimula- to complete his book on the sub-
Before his hypothesis was an- tion, especially when they are ject in about two years.
nounced, it was thought that the younger," he said. He is a former president of the
electron of an atom had no in- But the larger institution can American Physical Society and re-
ternal structure, which caused become "distracting" and it be- ceived the Oersted Medal of the
some trouble in certain refined comes "difficult to concentrate on American Association of Physics
physics problems, he explained. one thing." Growth, however, is Teachers in 1955. He shared the
Prof. Uhlenbeck presented the "unavoidable. Science has become Research Corporation Award for
theory that an electron rotates on more important and attracted 1953.
its axis, besides revolving around
the nucleus of the atom, thus
creating its own current and mag- wainson Asks Electronics
The hypothesis was proven by To
its success in problematical work X R esearchans
and later was proven experi-
Comes to 'UT By The Associated Press
Because of his discovery, he was Gov. John B: Swainson yesterday- urged electronics firms to join
brought here in 1927 by Prof. with universities in a broad, expanding program of cooperative re-
Harrison Randall, then chairman search to assure Michigan of a vital role in the space age.
of the physics department along
with three other theoretical physi- He spoke at a conference sponsored by the Institute of Science
cists. This move made the Uni- and Technology and attended by representatives of more than 30
versity's theoretical physics de- Michigan electronics firms. Such a program, the governor said, would
partment the finest in the coun- provide a stimulus to Michigan's
try, because no other institution economy by developing the state
had more than one top scientist as a center of the industry itself.uJe RuleS
in the field. He added that his administra-
The physics department has tion is committed to maintaining e
grown considerably since Prof. Uh- and increasing its support of basic a
U. Plans New Weather Study Satellite
By PHILIP SUTIN
An advanced weather satellite is projected for 1965, Jay S.
Winston of the Meterological Satellite Laboratory of the United
States Weather Bureau, told a meeting of the Southeastern Michigan
Branch of the American Meterological Society yesterday.
Called Aeros, it will be launched 22,300 miles above the equator
In such a way that it will always face the same spot on the earth,
he said. It will serve to monitor hurricane and typhoon breeding
areas as well as perform research experiments.
Earlier, another series of weather satellites will be launched.
Named Nimbus, these instruments will be placed in orbit and stabilized
to have its camera always vertically facing the earth, he explained.
Its equipment will be of a more advanced type than the Tiros, a
. weather satellite now circling the earth.
To Contain Apparatus
The satellite will contain apparatus to geographically locate the'
pictures as they are taken, and to study infra-red and solar radiation.
The National Aeronautics and Space Agency plans to launch two
:. each in 1962 and 1963, Winston said.
r. As part of his talk, Winston discussed some of the 22,000 pictures
taken by the first Tiros from its wide and narrow angle cameras
rn+A.. the,. .1+~.a + .e.omnrnth 1fa .alcnnreent , few