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May 30, 1961 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-05-30

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Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

,.LXXI, No. 173






' .>

Urge End,
Of English
Group Suggests
'23, 24' Change
.A subcommittee of the literary
college curriculum committee has
recommended that English 23 and
24 be eliminated as a requirement
for graduation.
They suggested that a timetable
for such revision be submitted by
the English department to the
faculty in 1961-62.
Headed by Prof. Frank O.
Copley of the classical studies de-
partment, the subcommittee was
faced with the problem of whether.
or not to retain these courses as
a graduation requirement.
Two Considerations
The group felt that there are
two parts to the question of ne-
The first concerns the need for
all University graduates to attain
"functional literacy." However,
the sub-committee believed that
writing skills have increased in
recent years because of greater
selectivity in admissions and im-
proved high school training.
The group thought the second
consideration would be "the de-'
velopment of an Englisi style
proper to an educated man."
Continuous Process
However, it stated that it is not
the sole responsibility for the Eng-
lish department to teach students
how to write within one year,nbut
that the process must be a con-
tinuous one, carried out in every
department of the college.
The subcommittee has further
recommended that the college es-
tablish a writing clinic to be staff-
ed by men who are both interested
and trained in the art of writing.
The clinic would be used by those
students whose writing is deemed
inadequate by any member of the
The proposals submitted by the
subcommittee have been read by
the curriculum committee, but as
of yet no action has been taken.
In September, the committee
plans to discuss the proposals with
Prof. Warner Rice-
Faculty Vote
If the committee decides to pur-
sue the matter further, it will sub-
mit its report to the executive
committee of the literary college,
who may then, if they wish, sub-
mit the proposals to the entire
faculty for a vote on the matter.
Until all these steps are taken,
no action can be initiated and the
original proposal may be changed
or altered at any time.

-AP Wirephoto
'FREEDOM RIDERS'-More 'freedom riders" go to join their 19 fellow riders who are now serving
terms in the county farm. Max Thomas, with shotgun, the superintendent of the Hinds County Farm,
is directing the riders from the county jail into the vehicles that will take them to the county farm.
Jack R. Young, the defense attorney said the freedom riders would not appeal the decision.
Seventeen Riders1Jailed

! r--...-...

' JACKSON (A') - Municipal
Judge James Spencer convicted 17,
more "Freedom Riders" yester-
day and slapped them with $200
fines and 60-day suspended jail
sentences-the same penalties he
imposed on 27 others last week.
Spencer stressed yesterday, as
he did when he sentenced those
last week, that the freedom riders
were tried on a breach of the peace
charge, and not for violating Mis-
sissippi segregation laws.
Jack R. Young, the Negro de-
fense attorney, said immediately
after the 15-minute trial the free-
dom riders would not appeal.
Eight Appeal'
Of the 27 Spencer convicted and
sentenced last Friday, only eight
chose to post appeal bonds. The
others preferred to remain in jail.
As Spencer was trying the 15
Negroes and two whites in Jack-
U.S. Asks ICC
To Take Action
on Bus Laws
Robert F. Kennedy yesterday asked
the Interstate Commerce Commis-
sion to spell out nation-wide reg-
ulations outlawing racial segre-
gation in interstate bus transpor-
tation and facilities associated
with it.
In a formal petition, Kennedy
specifically asked that the regu-
lations be drawn to include such
terminal facilities as waiting
rooms, rest rooms and restaurants.
The attorney general asked the
ICC to move "as expeditiously as

son, a workshop was in progress
in New Orleans, teaching about
two dozen students-most of them
white-the techniques of non-
The workshop, sponsored by the
Congress of Racial Equality, os-
tensibly was held to prime those
for a bus trip reportedly to be
made from New Orleans to Jack-
son today.
Arrived by Bus
Those tried yesterday arrived
by bus from Memphis and Mont-
gomery Sunday and promptly went
to the city jail when they refused
to heed a police officer's order to
move. The freedom riders attempt-
ed to use white facilities at the bus
station and the arrests came when
they ignored police orders.
The group yesterday, like the
first freedom riders, have the op-
tion of paying their fines, posting
appeal bonds, or going to jail.
Richard Haley, field director for
CORE, charged yesterday a guard
at the Hinds County prison farm
where the 19 are serving their
sentences clubbed a freedom rider
for failing to address the guard
as "sir."
Those who posted appeal bonds
'Bus Burners'
Held for Trial
ANNISTON, Ala. (JP)-Two of
the four men arrested in the
burning of a "freedom bus" near
this east Alabama city May 14
were bound over to a federal
grand jury yesterday.
Less than a dozen onlookers, all
white, sat in on the 20-minute

yesterday after arriving at the
camp, Haley said, told him the
Rev. C. T.- Vivian was clubbed
several times by the guard. Haley
said Vivian, who lives in Chat-
tanooga, was given first aid after
blood began to flow.
State To End
Martial La
Patterson announced yesterday
that martial rule in Montgomery=
would end at midnight last night.
The governor called out Nation-
al Guard troops eight days ago
after a screaming, brick-throwing
mob stormed a Negro church to
climax a weekend of racial viol-
ence over the arrival of "freedom"
bus riders.
Since then, the governor said
in a statement, the guard "dem-
onstrated to the world that this
state can and will continue to
maintain law and order without
the aid of federal forces."
The Justice Department seeks
an injunction to compel police to
protect bus riders in the future.
United States District Judge
Frank M. Johnson Jr., will de-
termine whether to grant the in-
junction against police here and
in Birmingham--also the scene of
mob violence-and whether to
continue an existing injunction
against the Ku-Klux Klan.
Federal attorneys charged in
the suit that the Klan was re-
sponsible for racial violence in
the two cities, and also at Anni-
ston, Ala., and that Montgomery
and Birmingham police allowed
the rioting to break out.

An Editorial...
LONG-STANDING CONCERN over the paternal orien-
tation of the Office of Student Affairs, particularly
that of the Dean of Women, has now received analytic
attention from the Committee on Student Relations.
Because the issues are serious and because responsi-
ble inquiry will soon culminate in decision-making, we
believe that intelligent community discussion must be
initiated immediately. Our involvement speaks not only
of a discontent with existing conditions, but more impor-
tant, of a persuasion that the University can and should
constantly seek institutional improvement.
We seek fundamental changes in the Office of
Student Affairs which, in protective and sometimes arbi-
trary ways, discourages fluid interchange of mores, be-
liefs and customs. Beyond the necessary "sweeping struc-
tural changes" and "reassignment of present personnel"
proposed by the faculty committee, changes of a deeper
character are needed-structural change must be ac-
companied by meaningful University-wide commitment
to student freedom of action, association, thought and
A COMMUNITY which is educational in spirit and
statement should not simply tolerate interaction
among-individuals of all ages, experiences, faiths, races
and cultures, but should positively oppose any barriers to
dynamic association among its members. Its faith is in
human dignity, free association and equal opportunity;
its trust is in the process of human minds working joint-
ly to solve problems and effect valuable social change.
In such a community, every member is a potential con-
tributor who should both learn and instruct in a con-
text made challenging and exciting by individual and
group differences. The Office of Student Affairs-par-
ticularly the office of Dean Deborah Bacon-has too
often neglected or violated such university spirit.
We congratulate the faculty committee for its inter-
est, its efforts and its conclusions. Its members have
responded forthrightly to the first issue ever brought to
them by students-and this perhaps indicates the birth
of a relationship between groups too often unconnected.
The issues must now be considered by the entire Uni-
versity community of faculty, students and administra-
tion-each with a substantive role in formulation of
final recommendations.
1960-61, 1961-62
Administration Reports
On Castro Tractor Deal
WASHINGTON (A) - The Kennedy administration, counter-
attacking against criticism, yesterday said Fidel Castro blundered by
offering to swap Cuban prisoners for tractors and this nation boosted
its prestige by calling his bluff.
The campaign, reportedly directed by President John F. Ken-
nedy, is aimed at countering criticism of United States support for
the exchange. Republicans have said American prestige would be
hurt if the United States gave in to what they called blackmail.
The adrinistration tried to show today that just the opposite
has happened. In the forefront of the campaign was Sen. Hubert

tion, a thorough review of stu-
dent housing arrangements
and establishment of an or-
derly grievance mechanism for
Copies went to University Pres-
ident Harlan Hatcher, and the
Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs (SAC). SAC, to
whom the committee is formally
responsible, accepted the report
at its meeting yesterday after-
Complete Report
The complete report, which has
not yet been released, capped a
three-month study of the organi-
zation and policies of the Office
of Student Affairs, particularly
the Dean of Women's Office. It
was summarized in a memoran-
dum to the senior editors of The
Daily and representatives of Stu-
dent Government Council's Hu-
man Relations Board.
The student relations commit-
tee, headed by Prof. Charles Leh-
mann of the education school,
began its study late in February
after receiving a documented com-
plaint from a group of students.T
The 1960-61 Daily senior staff
was the nucleus of the group,
which also included James Seder,
'61, Mary Wheeler, '61 and Bar-
ton Burkhalter, '62 of the Human
Relations Board.
Protesting the orientation and
practices of Dean of Women Deb-
orah Bacon and her office, the
students' document reported sev-
eral incidents indicating irregular-
ities in the conduct of her func-
Urge Attention
It also urged attention to prob-
lems of the Office of Student Af-
In its inquiry, the committee
met four times with the students
who initiated the project, twice
with Lewis and twice with Miss
Bacon. Faculty members and rep-
See FACULTY, Page 10

South Africa
Strike Leads
To Violence
JOHANNESBURG (41--Violence
broke out last night after the first
day of a strike called by non-
whites as a mass demonstration
against the white government of
this emerging South African re-
Prime Minister Hendrik F. Ver-
woerd denounced the stay-at-home
movement among Negroes, mulat-
toes and Indians as "a manifesta-
tion of the grabbing hand of Com-
munism over Africa." He rebuf-
fed demands of nonwhites, who
make up 13 million of South Afi-
ca's 16 million people, for the right
to vote and a share in the gov-
The first outbreak came when
Negroes in a segregated suburban
township stoned Negro police who
work for the government. White
reporters on the scene had to
dodge hurled rocks.
Heavy police patrols toured Ne-
gro settlements to defend home-
ward bound Negroes who had de-
fied the nationwide strike orders
and gone to work while a large
percentage of nonwhites stayed
The white government mobilized
all its armed forces to cope with
trouble in the approach to re-
public day in midweek.
No city or industry or even a
single service was totally paralyz-
ed. But effects of the first day
of the strike, called to continue
until South Africa become, a re-
public tomorrow, were noticeable

Faculty Criticizes
Staff, Structure
Senate Committee Recommends
'Sweeping' Revisions to Lewis
Acting Editor
"Re-assignment of present personnel" and "sweeping
structural changes" in the Office of Student Affairs were rec-
ommended yesterday by the University Senate's Committee
on Student Relations.
In a report sent to Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis, the committee also requested a positive pro-
gram for implementation of the Regents' bylaw on discrimina-

SixB Bihigan Errors Costly in 31 Loss

Six Michigan errors and Bill Faul's five hit pitching combined to
give Cincinnati a ten inning 3-1 victory over the Wolverines yesterday
in the first round of the District Four NCAA baseball playoffs.
And unless the men in blue can rebound today against the Univer-
sity of Detroit, a 3-1 first game loser to Western Michigan, they can
complete their final exams without having to worry about packing for
a trip to Omaha and the college world series in June.
Game time is 1 p.m.
Errors Open Door
The six Michigan errors, three by shortstop Dick Honig, opened
the door for all Cincinnati's runs and sent hard-luck hurler Mike
Joyce down to his third defeat of the season. He has won eight.
Honig's third error, in the top of the tenth inning, broke a 1-1
deadlock and put the Missouri Valley conference champions into the
second game winners round against Western Michigan today.
It was a game of contradictions. Faul deserved to win. Cincinnati
deserved to win. Michigan deserved to lose, but Joyce didn't.
Held Bearcats
The strong armed sophomore held the Bearcats to only one run
and two hits until the disastrous tenth. He pitched eight consecutive
shutout innings after Cincinnati scored its only other run in the first
frame on three Michigan errors.
Faul was everything his press clippings said he was, and more.
The chunky side-armer struck out 14, walked only four-one in-
tentionally-and at one point retired 17 consecutive batters. He whiffed
everyone in the Michigan lineup at least once, except Honig and Jim
Newman .Jim tekev- and .Jne .Tnn went dnwn nn strikes three times.

H. Humphrey (D-Minn) who de-<'
scribed former Vice - President
Richard M. Nixon as morally,
legally and politically wrong for
denouncing the exchange.
And Edward R. Murrow, director
of the United States Information
Agency, told a news conference
that Castro's offer raised "a
ground swell of disgust" against
Castro throughout Latin America.
"It is clear that Castro has
blustered his way into a major
blunder," Murrow said.
"One reckless statement by the
Cuban dictator gave us the op-
portunity to dramitize and high-
light the basic difference between
a free society and a dictatorship,"'
Humphrey added.
The counterattack, however, did
not halt congressional criticism of
the Kennedy administration's ap-
proval of the private exchange.
Sen. Frank Lausche (D-Ohio)
for "example, said the United
States was showing a lack of
courage and was "yielding to
Absentees Halt
SGC Debate
Lack of a quorum yesterday
prevented Student Government
Council from discussing the re-'
port on year-round operation of
the University.
The Council voted at last Wed-
.,-n - mni-r n a ar aA

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(EDITOR'S NOTE: Following
is the full text of the state-
mi ent to The Daily's senior edi-
tors and the student Govern-
ment Council Human Relations
Board by the University Sen-
ate Committee on Student Rela-
tions. It is signed by the com-
m i t t e e members, Professors
Charles Lehmann, chairman,
Elanor Cranefield, Richard Cut-
ler, Andrew DeRocco, Oliver
Edel, Marvin Felheim, Charles
Sawyer, Kenneth Stewart and
John G. Young.)
To: The Senior Editors of The
Michigan Daily and representa-
tives of the Student Human Re-
lations Commission.
In response to your commu-
nication of March 7, 1961, the
Senate Committee on Student
Relations wishes to inform you
of the conclusion of its study of
the issue at hand, and of the
disposition of the Committee's
observations and suggestions.
As you know, the Committee
gave serious attention to your
representations and to the in-
formation which you furnished
rin subsequent conversation. The
Committee met with the Vice
President for Student Affairs,
the Dean of Women, represen-
tatives of staff agencies, fac-
ulty members, and with the
President. The chairman of the
Committee met with the Senate

of which has been forwarded to
the Senate, Advisory Commit-
tee on University Affairs. The
gist of the Committee's recom-
mendations to the Vice Presi-
dent is as follows:
1) The Committee strongly
enunciated the thesis that the
general educational responsi-
bility of the University rests ul-
timately with the faculty; that
the faculty is obligated to in-
sure the exposure of students to
various life experiences in and
out of the classroom; and that
the faculty and University must
assume leadership in the face
of a world in flux, by provision
of the widest possible oppor-
tunity for intercultural ex-
2) The Committee has sug-
gested sweeping structural
changes in the Office of Student
Affairs in an effort to make the
functions performed by the Of-
fice responsive to the needs of
1961 and beyond. It is the Com-
mittee's view that the Vice
President for Student Affairs
must exercise a singular respon-
sibility in the enunciation of
the educative purposes of the
Office of Student Affairs, and
must furnish leadership to the
entire structure of the Office.

University's housing arrange-
ments for students, including
attention to the questions of
size, the kind and quality of
supervision, and other related
6) The Committee has made
recommendations concerning
the re-assignment of present
personnel in the -Office of Stu-
dent Affairs. Much of the re-
assignment suggested would be
relevant to any reorganization
of the Office, but some, in the
Committee's view should be ac-
complished without delay.
Orderly Mechanism
7) The Committee has sug-
gested the establishment of an
orderly grievance mechanism
for students. The Committee on
Student Relations is not the ap-
propriate vehicle, since its res-
ponsibilitY is to the Senate Ad-
visory Committee on University
Affairs. The possibility of en-
larging the scope of the Com-
mittee on Referral was recom-
The Committee has urged
upon the Vice President for
Student Affairs that he contin-
ue effective consultation with
all interested parties on the
substance of these recommen-
dations. This Committee stands
,.padvt d n

Committee's Statement,

. ,. ::. _

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