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May 14, 1961 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-05-14

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A-4Iggan Bady
Seventy-First Year
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. " ANN ARBOR, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3 242
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

The Basis of Dissension
On 'Operation Abolition'

THE COMPLEX QUESTION of the validity of
the film "Operation Abolition," which claims
student demonstrations before the House Un-
American Activities Committee last May were
Communist planned, incited and led, was sim-
plified to a difference in "perception" in the
debate Friday.
Roger Seasonwein, '61, a member of Student
Government Council, and Fulton Lewis III,
technical director of the film, had both seen
the film many times.
Yet on the basis of the same information, the
debaters drew diametrically opposed conclu-
Lewis claimed the film contained several
scenes in which "known Communists" were
shown leading student action inside the lobby of
San Francisco City Hall and outside the Com-
mittee hearing room. He was supported by at

least one student in the audience who quoted
the Congressional Record as stating the exis-
tence of seven such scenes in the film, and who
claimed to have recognized these scenes himself.
YET SEASONWEIN, and others in the audi-
ence did not see "known Communists" in
"positions of leadership" in any of the demon-
strations scenes, and also pointed out distor-
tions and inaccuracies in the film.
But since it was Lewis and HUAC who had
made the allegations, the burden of proof was
upon them, and in attempting to present this
proof, Lewis failed miserably.
The evidence that Lewis cites as to the identi-
fication of the "known Communists," besides
being invalid, has frightening overtones. First
he claims that the two subpoenaed witnesses,
who had not been completely investigated by
the committee and who were arrested in the

"Private Enterprise Has Been Dealt Another Blow. The
Government Wants Us To Pay For This Ourselves"
B f
4 ~
.. -. -e
" - I
Its Aims andStrategy

Associated Press News Analyst
W HENEVER CONGRESS starts considering ways of mobilizing private
enterprise on the side of the Foreign Economic Development Pro-
gram, as one of its committees has been doing recently, it runs into the
problem of risks.
Investors move very slowly in countries whose very political insta-
bility makes them a prime object of American-and Soviet-concern in
the cold war.
However, the United States Chamber of Commerce has now en-
dorsed an idea taking hold in Washington that the new African states

Role of U.S.
Busi ess

lobby demonstrations were Con
T oynbeeunfortunately, assumes judgem(
.Toynbee r--e24e
And when it was pointed out1
nd t e ew sno indication that the two witn
any "leading" in this part of t
tion, he then suddenly rememb
THE TWO LARGEST Orthodox Jewish bod- eight other Communists who w
les in this country have criticized Arnold naed witnesses, who were not m
Toynbee for saying recently that inter-mar- film, and who had been the on
riage would break down "the traditional caste-. action.
barrier between Jews and non-Jews."
Toynbee had further predicted that when THESE EIGHT had been ident
this barrier was broken Judaism would be- Bureau of Investigation agen
come "one of the great spiritual possessions of and by the local police chief,v
the whole human race." were Communists "through con
The Orthodox organizations objected on the mai,,' Lewnscsuid n
grounds that "The Jewish prohibition against This information could not be
intermarriage is the basic guarantee of Jewish film, however, because the eight1
survival of that Judaism which Jews are per- charged before a public court of
petuating for the benefit of all mankind." Statements like these leave th
But as Toynbee says, by not intermarrying, the uncomfortable vision of lis
Jews are limiting the scope of their culture of "known Communists," who an
rather than preserving it. FBI, the local police, but will nev
A strong faith should not fear assimilation, the public.
for it can withstand it. Orthodox Jews should This is again a case of "pe
have a strong enough conviction in their faith government and its agencies "se
to realize that intermarriage would be the where others see, no proof. The
source of strengthening rather than weakening on the demonstrations and the
the religion. Francisco "see" Communist le
the film does not show any to 01
It is indeed ironic that in their zeal to per-t - s-o
petuate a "pure" race, they are imitating a This is the uncomfortable ba:
doctrine not of Judaism but of Adolf Hitler. opinions on "Operation Abolitio
Problems of Free Speech

amunists. This,
ent before in-
that there was
esses had done
he student ac-
ered "at least"
ere not subpoe-
entioned in the
nes leading the
ified by Federal
its on the scene
who knew they
fidential infor-
included in the
had never been
f law, he added.
he listener with
ts and pictures
re known to the
ver be known to
erception." The
e" Communists
Hoover Report
mayor of San
adership while
ther viewers.
sis for differing
En. R


need not take sides with the West
to qualify for help toward eco-
nomic and political stability.
Respect their right to neutrality
but encourage them with such eco-
nomic aid as will enable them to
keep clear of entanglement with
the Communist sphere, was the ad-
vice of 3,000 delegates to the
Chamber's annual meeting.
More and more the country
seems to be getting away from the
idea of demanding political align-
ment from those who need aid-
the idea of attempting to buy
ON ANOTHER point the Cham-
ber called on American private
enterprise to get behind the na-
tion's efforts to raise living stand-
ards throughout the world in "an
enlightened and imaginative pur-
suit of its own interests."
That's a pointswhere private
enterprise, with some important
exceptions, has been weak in imag-
ination -in realization that its
own preservation is one of the
major objectives of the cold war
which it has largely been leaving
to government, and worth taking
some risks for.
The word "enlightened" also has
a special meaning against the
background of an all-too wide-
spread feeling over the world that
American private enterprise seeks
a new field of colonial exploita-
tion before it is interested.
Government officials, indeed,
have been much concerned over
American business practice and in-
volvement in political activities in
foreign countries.
AMERICAN and British business
interests, though small, are ac-
cused in diplomatic circles of join-
ing hand in hand with the Bel-
gians in the Katanga secession
movement which has played such
a disruptive role in the Congo.
In connection with the new offi-
cial thinking with regard to emerg-
ing states, Western private enter-
prise may find, too, that some of
its major concepts-especially con-
cerning risks and profits -may
have to be laid aside temporarily.
Some sacrifice for the establish-
ment of economic stability and
new markets, in order to preserve
for the future a world in which
private profit can be made at all,
is increasingly demanded.
"JUST WAIT," said a Nicaraguan
attorney, "until the day that a
Fidel Castro comes along here
with some social reforms." By us-
ing Nicaraguan bases in its CIA-
managed invasion, the United
States brought that day nearer.
If our leaders are wise, they will
accept defeat-and not make the
same mistake in some other form.
-The Nation

HURSDAY NIGHT a very dangerous speech
was given in a University building. It was
a markedly anti-Semitic speech given by an
Arab consulate official to an audience of
people of Jewish and Arab descent.
In giving the United Arab Republic view of
the 13-year conflict between Israel and Egypt,
the lecturer constantly used inflammatory
phrases about Jews such as "arrogant; Israel
never payed one stinken penny for the land
they took over from the Arabs; Arabs have
protested since 1922 the unjust invasion of
their lands by Jews; American Jews through
tax-free organizations are financing one third
of the Israeli budget." The speaker constant. 7
arrived in Saigon Thursday, he told a
crowd of Vietnamese that the United States
was prepared to bolster the army in its fight
against Red guerrillas.
Perhaps Johnson and the whole Kennedy
Administration should think more carefully
about giving such blank checks to Southeast
Asian dictatorships. They should consider the
affect such aid has had on neighboring Laos.
The highest U.S. aid per capita has resulted
In corruption, a multi-party civil war in which
the U.S. paid two of the sides to fight against
each other, and finally the imminent threat of
a Communist dominated government.
These people had no. desire for war and
bloodshed, yet six expensive years of American
"support" has resulted in great losses for the
Laotian people and the free world. Does the
United States want this to happen again?
Editorial Staff
City Editor Editorial Director
Business Staff
JUDITH NICHOLSON, Business Manager
MARJORIF BLUESTEIN... Associate Business Manager
STEVE AUGUSTYN .................Finance Manager
BETSY UNDERWOOD...............Accounts Manager
KENNETH McELDO'WNEY......Associate City Editor
JUDITfl DONER... ................Personnel Director

equated the Jewish people with Zionists and
refused to admit that the serious Middle East
conflict was a result of aggressions by both
It was obvious to most members of the
audience, be they Jew, Gentile or Islam, that
the only effect of the speech was the airing
of misleading propaganda without any con-
structive information on an important issue
which needs some light.
FIDAY AFTERNOON another instance oc-
curred in which a bombastic speaker faced
a largely hostile audience. The narrator of
"Operation Abolition" dealt in innuendos and
avoided discussing the real issues at hand. The
narrator never proved that the demonstrations
against the House Un-American Activities
Committee last year were Communist-led. "The
film speaks for itself," he claimed, and yet
the movie did not show Communists actually
instigating violence as was charged.
THE REASON that these two speeches were
dangerous is twofold. First of all, the dis-
tortions and misrepresentations of fact only
deceive and harmfully misinform the people
in the audience who had been previously ig-
norant of the "facts." Secondly, the persons
in the audience who are informed and recog-
nize the deliberate errors usually have a per-
sonal interest in the case or at least deeply
personal feelings. These individuals tend to
react strongly if not violently to distortions of
fact. During the Arab's speech, for example,
one Jew who had been in Israel in 1948, when
the strife was at its worst, became enraged
when the speaker referred to the alleged
Israeli aggressions. In the HUAC debate, the
crowd became incensed when the committee
defender said there "were no distortions in
the film" and made other similar statements.
All of this has relation to the current con-
troversy over the elimination of the University
speaker ban. If speakers are allowed to express
all ideas, including the advocation of the
violent overthrow of the government, there
would certainly be a direct effect on the
feelings of everyone in the audience. If there
is near-violence during a speech which has
immediate relevance to only a portion of the
audience, one wonders about crowd behavior
during a speech advocating treason or violent
revolution. It could be tragic.
AN IMPORTANT ISSUE in the problem of
abolishinz t+he nakr b an is whether the

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
first article in a two-part analysis
of aims, values, and methods of The
John Birch Society.)
Daily Staff Writer
"BASIC Communist strategy
for conquest of the world,
as laid out thirty-five years
ago and relentlessly followed
ever since, consisted of three
steps: (1) Take Eastern Eur-
ope; (2) next take the masses
of Asia; (3) then take the
rest of the world, including
the United States. The Com-
munists completed their first
step in 1950; the second step
is now at least three-fourths
accomplished; and they have
gone more than one-fourth of
the way towards carrying out
their third step ... Commun-
ist influence as a percentage
of total control as of summer
1960 in the United States was
40-60 per cent."
The above report is from "Amer
ican Opinion," a magazine pub-
lished by Robert Welch, Founder
of the John Birch Society, The
Society announces that it is dedi-
cated to the elimination of Cor-
munism and to the principle of
less government and more in-
dividual responsibility.
The John Birch Society has
emerged as a powerful pressure
group on the reactionary right.
The extreme right, however, has
much in common with the far
left which it so strongly opposes.
Italian and German Fascists, for
example, hate Communism. Yet
both Fascists and Communists be-
lieve in and utilize the police state,
the single party, the leader, the
ultimate conquest of the world,
and the necessity of war and vio-
lence as a tool for the development
of the world. The John Birch So-
ciety shares many of these charac-
The Society has a great interest
in the Fascist government of
Chiang Kai-shek on Tawain. Na-
tionalist China is one of the few
countries the Society considers
safe from Communist infiltratior.
Captain John M. Birch, for whom
the Society is named, worked with
Chiang's army during World War
II against the Japanese. "As soon
as the Communists began to wreck
every effort of the Nationalist
Government to reestablish com-
munication, industry and the
whole economy on a peaceful
basis and to turn loose their lies
about Chiang Kai-shek . . . Birch
would have used all his energy to
deny their lies and try to stop
their destructiveness," Welch
writes in "The Life of John Birch."
Birch was killed by Communists in
late August 1945.
* * *
JUST as the Fascists had their
great leader, the Birch Society has
its. Robert Welch is the Founder
with a capital F, of the Society.
Founder Welch says he wants no
other credit than that. He points
out that to fight Communism an
energetic leader is needed to at-
tract the interest and support of
a basically apathetic and timid
American public. Welch, in a sec-
tion of "The BlueBook" runs
through a list of conservatives
..L ....x U4. 1.., 4M r l o - utf A --

against Communism. For the mo-
ment, the Society must be a "dedi-
cated few" who accept major de-
cisions from the top down. There
can be no dissension in the ranks,
no real division of opinion. This is
necessary to present a solid front,
Welch claims. Anyone who dis-
agrees with the policy is asked
to leave and his dues are refunded.
IN DEFENDING its ideals Welch
compares his group to an army
instructed to shoot at anyone who
approaches the fortification of
Americanism no matter who he is
or what he says. The Communists
have no moral feeelings and must
be fought on the same grounds,
Welch implies.
But Welch and the Society do
not advocate the use of violence.
Dr. Vernon J. Johnson of Detroit,
ones of the Society's Committee of
Endorsors, said that the Society
fights Communism "not by taking
up guns and shooting, but through
legal means like writing to Wash-
The current legal means, as ex-
hibited by the House Un-American
Activities Committee, which the
Society backs, are political smear
and the use of propaganda such
as "Communism on the Map" and
"Operation Abolition." The So-
ciety has worked hard to see that

these films are distributed to the
TlE SOCIETY claims that the
greatest infiltration of the United
States has been in the communica-
tions media. To combat this, the
Society proposes to establish read-
ing rooms to promote conservative
and Birchean literature. It has
worked to keep Boston radio an-
nouncer Hugh Kregeloh on the
air and tacitly supports Dallas
announcer Dan Smoot. In this
area the Society, true to form, is
doing exactly what the Commun-
ists are attempting to do-influ-
encing the communications media.
Welch also proposes setting up all
kinds of front organizations to
further the Society's fight against
Communism. The best statement
on the group's use of Communist
methods comes from Welch him-
self in the "BlueBook".
"We are, in fact, willing to
draw on all successful human
experience in organizational
matters, so long as it does not
involve any sacrifice of moral-
ity in the means used to
achieve an end."
But whether or not Welch rec-
ognizes it, the Society, through
its methods and organizational
structure, does in fact come into
conflict with "morality" and the
American value system.

to the
Facts ..
To the Editor:
THE West Quadrangle Council
noted Mr. Storch's May 9 edi-
torial with some interest. Although
matters of opinion are usually
open to debate, matters of fact
are not. The statement that "the
administration sets the standards"
for dress regulations, presented as
common knowledge, is simply not
The resolution of the issue is
solely the concern of the Quad-
rangle Councils and the ultimate
decision is theirs to make. East
and South Quadrangle dress regu-
lations have already been set by
their respective Councils and our
council will face the issue next
Student government is by no
means all-powerful, but misrepre-
sentation of its current role will
do little to help it expand in the
-Dennis Moore, President
West Quadrangle Council
Peace ...
To the Editor:
Union? Why has the cheapest
popular music replaced intelligent
As a graduate of the University,
now at Harvard, I was shocked to
find the Union transformed into
something resembling an ice cream
parlor for junior high school stu-
dents. Surely the Union should
provide a place where students can
meet, talk, or read over their cof-
fee in peace; under the present
circumstances peace is clearly out
of the question.
I sincerely hope that this change
in the Union does not reflect a
change in the University as a
whole. I have so far been proud of
my Michigan degree.
-Hilary Smith, '60
Irresponsibility ...
To the Editor:
FOR ONE wish to add my voice
to those who accuse The Michi-
gan Daily of irresponsible journal-
ism. The specific charge is The
Daily' handling of the flight of
Alan B. Shepard. The Daily does
not seem to consider this news,
in fact, The Daily in its last three
issues has not printed a single
word on the actual flight, or on
Commander Shepard. Its four
small articles (three Saturday-26
col. inches, one Sunday, 3 col. in-
ches, total 30 in), have told only of
the prestige which the flight has
brought us, the Russian reaction,
the campus reaction (for which we
are intebted, we thought there
was some), and that the sailors on
the carrier had a live show. When,
to the rest of the country, this is
the biggest news since the Cuban
invasion, we can't even read about
it in The Daily.
The Daily has taken the editorial
policy of belittling the flight to
the extent that it excludes the
news from its pages. Its editorials
have been derogatory, to say the
least. If the campus did not care
about the flight, this policy would
have a slight justification, but the
signs in the A&D building and the
conversations around campus do
not support this view at all.
In today's Daily (Tuesday) de-
spite Commander Shepard's news
conference, motorcade, meeting
with Kennedy, etc., we find no
mention of him. We only get an
editorial that ridicules the people,
such as myself, who felt any emo-
tion in the countdown and flight.
-William Altenburg, '63

To the Editor:
were Fidel Castro he would face
a real problem: how shall a press
be supported. A paper of any size
cannot live on sales alone; it needs
large support from advertising, or
political parties, or public money.
In Batista's impoverished Cuba,
Havana had 18 dailies, all, heavily
subsidized and many with heavy
advertising. It was a bad press.
With the revolution, these subsi-
dies were withdrawn from all pa-
pers; they then had to make it
on sales and ads alone, and many
of them folded. Then economic
war with the United States
brought about rapid nationaliza-
tions from June-October 1960.
This cut the advertising revenue
to papers sharply, and they were
loft n+ i t m;+ n -1 f: k nlar,






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The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their home
Wed., May 17 from 4 to 6 p.m.
A Special Meeting of the University
Senate will be held on Tues., May 16,
at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Lecture
*Students: If you need to order a
transcript without grades for the cur-
rent semester, you are urged to call
in person at 515 Admin. Bldg. not
later than June 2.
*-Does not apply to students in
Engr., Law.
Recommendations for Departmental
Honors: Teaching departments wishing
to recommend tentative June graduates
from the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts, for honors or high hon-
ors should recommend such students
by forwarding a letter (in two copies;
one copy for Honors Council, one copy
for the Office of Registration and Rec-
ords) to the Director, Honors Council,
1210 Angeli Hall, by 4:00 p.m., Fri.,
June 9.
Teaching departments in the School
of Education should forward letters di-
rectly to the Office of Registration and
Records, 1513 Admin. Bldg., by 8:30
a.m., Mon., June 12,
Attention June Graduates: College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, School
of Education, School of Music, School
of Public Health, and School of Busi-
ness Administration: Students are ad-
vised not to request grades of I or X
in June. When such grades are abso-
lutely imperative, the work must be
made up in time to allow your instruc-
tor to renort the make-up grade not

viser's Day," for all second semester
freshmen in Engineering will take place
all day on Wed., May 17, to help fresh-
men select their degree programs. Ad-
visers and other faculty counselors
will be available in their offices for
individual consultation with freshmen
who wish to obtain information con-
cerning their programs. All students
concerned are encouraged to take full
advantage of this opportunity.
Events Monday
Panel Discussion: "The Application of
Social Science Research in Cross-Cul-
tural Exchange," at 7:30 p.m., Mon.,
May 15, West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Bldg. Robert A. Hefner, Jr.,
Psychology Dept., will serve as mod-
erator. All interested persons are in-
Public Lecture: Mon., May 15, 4:15
p.m., West Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. Ilya Gershevitch, Visiting Prof.,
Columbia University, Reader in Iranian
Languages, Cambridge University, "The
Religion of Zoroaster,"
Automatic Programming and Numer-
ical Analysis Seminar: "Introduction to
BE-FAP MACRO-Instruction Concept"
by Larry Flanigan on Mon., May 15,
at 4:00 p.m. In Computing Center
Seminar Room.
Engineering Mechanics and Naval Ar-
chitecture and Marine Engineering
Seminar: Mon., May 15, at 4:00 p.m. in
311 West Engineering. V. A. Postnov,
Docent at the Leningrad Shipbuilding
Institute, will speak on "Bending of a
Ship's Double Bottom as an Ortho-
tropic Plate Including the Shearing De-
formation." Coffee at 3:30 in the Fac-
ulty Lounge,
Doctoral Examination for Christopher
Rudston Longyear, English Language
& Literature: thesis: "Linguistically
Determined Categories of Meanings:
A Comparative Analysis of Meaning in
'The Snows of Kilimanjaro' in Eng-
lish and German," Mon., May 15, 2601
Haven Hall, at 7:00 p.m. Chairman, A.
M. Marckwardt.
Doctoral Examination for Alexander

Chairman, K. M. Siegel.,
Doctoral Examination for Jean How-
ard Munzer, Education; thesis: "A
Study of the Relationships between
Mobility and Academic Achievement
of Third-Grade and Sixth-Grade Chil-
dren," Mon., May 15, 3206 University
High School, at 1:30 p.m. Chairman,
H. R. Jones.
Events Tuesday
Tues., May 16: Lecture by Prof. Rob-
ert L. Aronson, New York State School
of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cor-
nell University, on "Research and Writ-
ing in Industrial Relations-Are They
intellectually Respectable?", Wayne
State University McGregor Memorial
Conference Center, 3:00 p.m. Transpor-
tation may be arranged by calling In-
stitute Office, Extension 456c.
Linguistics Club Lecture Meeting: Er-
nest N. McCarus, Department of Near
Eastern Studies, will speak on "Leb-
anese Arabic Baby Talk" on Tues.,
May 16 at 8 p.m. in the Rackham Am-
Lecture: Dr. A. G. Everson Pearse,
University of London, will speak on
"Enzyme Histochemistry and Its Bio-
chemical Alignments" at 4 p.m. in 2054
Natural Science Bldg. on Tues., May 16.
Public Lecture: William R. Pork, Cen-
ter for Middle Eastern Studies, Har-
vard University, on "The Fertile Cres-
cent and Europe in the Nineteenth
Century" on Tues., May 16 at 4:15 p.m.
in Angell Hall Aud. A.
Social-Work Social-Science Collo-
quium: Prof. Arnold S. Kaufman, Dept.
of Psychology, on "Some Ethical Prob-
(Continued on Page 8)
"IT IS AN IRONIC and disturbing
example of our need to soft out
't lli -a tq .ninriine i n .r V+Q+

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