THE PANTY RAID-
See Page 4
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
Showers this morning
with afternoon thunderstorms.
VOL. LXXI No. 153 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1961 FIVE CENTS
* * *
* * * *
RICHARD M. NIXON
... strong on Cuba
CHICAGO ('P) - Richard M.
Nixon. in his first speech on na-
tional issues since the election,
lashed out strongly today at the
way President John F. Kennedy
handled the Cuban situation.
"Whenever American prestige is
to be committed on a major scale,"
the former Vice-President told the
Executives Club, "we must be will-
ing to commit enough power to
obtain our objective even if all our
intelligence estimates prove wrong.
"Putting it bluntly, we should
not start things unless we are
prepared to finish them." And,
"We must never talk bigger than
we are prepared to act."
This, Nixon insisted, is the lesson
to be learned from the Cuban dis-
"We must not allow a failure to
paralyze our will to undertake de-
cisive action in the future," he
"The worst . thing that could
flow from our failure in Cuba is
not the temporary drop in prestige
which seems to obsess too many
observers but that the failure may
discourage American policy makers
from taking decisive steps in the
future because there is a risk of
In a question and answer period
after the speech, Nixon hinted
Kennedy may think this way, too.
Nixon was 'asked if Nikita
Khrushchev and Kennedy should
hold a summit meeting. He said
it might have one value since the
Russian leader may have been mis-
led by Cuba and Laos.
"If they sat across the table
from each other," Nixon said,
"Khrushchev would know that
Kennedy is not a man to be pushed
Curiously, the tone of the speech
appeared to be almost the exact
reverse of the presidential cam-
Then it was Kennedy who was
Tiling for bolder, more imagina-
Yesterday it was Nixon who was
urging the President to take a
more decisive stand.
Sent to JUail
Four Harvard University stu-
West Applauds Feat
A nB-> -
s Builing Morale
Europeans Like Permitting Public
To Share in Suspense of Blastoff
By The Associated Press
LONDON-Alan B. Shepard's rocketing flight into space and safe
return set pulses racing yesterday in Western Europe and other parts
of the none-Communist world.
Government leaders, scientists and the man in the street seemed
agreed generally that the United States boosted its prestige by allow-
ing the public to share fully in the suspense of the historic blastoff.
The feeling ran through public comment that Shepard's flight was a
"shot in the arm not only for the
i United States but also for the
Spaceman 's whole non-Communist world.
Leonard J. Carter, secretary of
F irst F light the British Interplanetary Society,
expressed apparent feelings of mil-
lions who clustered around their
radios and heard direct relays
from Cape Canaveral.
"The Americans had the right
By BUEL TRAPNELL way of doing it," he said. "Unlike
With the. flight of astronaut the Russians, they allowed us all
Alan B. Shepard, the United States to take part in the fantastic ad-
took a critical first step into space venture. I was pretty well right
and accomplished a necessary up there in the capsule with him."
proving-in of part of its man-in- In Washington it was announced
space program, Prof. Wilbur C. that the nation's first astronaut
Nelson, chairman of the aeronau- will visit the White House on Mon-
tical and astronautical engineering day to receive the personal con-
department said. gratulations of President John F.
"It had to be demonstrated," he Kennedy.
said, "so it's possibly more signifi- To Arrive 10:30
cant than it might appear." Shepard will fly from Grand
Prof. Nelson said the flight Bahama Island and arrive at An-
should lead to a fairly rapid de- drews Air Force Base outside
velopment of the next step, that Washington at 10:30 a.m. today.
of placing an American in orbit. Delegates at the United Nations
Prof. Henry L. Bretton of the extended congratulations to the
political science department said United States on the space flight
that by giving the launching max- of Alan B. Shepard, Jr. The Soviet
imum publicity, and proving to delegate noted it followed Yuri
the world that the first attempt Gagarin's.
was a success," we have done what Jan Polderman, Dutch delegate,
the Soviets apparently wanted to touched off a round of tributes at
do, but were unable to do. a meeting of the UN commission
"The openness we allowed," he on permanent sovereignty over
said, "underlines the possibility natural resources.
that the Soviets had previous, un- Polderman said he wanted to
successful attempts. congratulate John M. Raymond,
"It also demonstrates that the the United States delegate, for
United States is more careful with "the great achievement of the
human lives--we waited until we successful U.S. space flight."
were sure that the astronaut had Abdel Hamid Khamis of the
every possible chance of survival." United Arab Republic did like-
The success of the well-publi- wise, and expressed hope the flight
cized first American launching would benefit mankind.
probably balances the negative ef- In West Germany Prof. Her-
fect of the Russian achievement. mann Oberth, often called the
They had previously enjoyed a father of rocketry, said:
great advantage in world prestige "If the Americans carry on this
when they orbited Yuri Gagarin, way they will soon catch up with
Prof. Bretton said. the Russians in space travel-
Knowing that the United States maybe by the end of 1961."
would only be second in sending a Sir Bernard Lovell, Britain's top
man into space, the scientists yes- space watcher who called Gaga-
terday did the best thing they rin's flight the greatest scientific
could, he commented. achievement of all time, was not
"I see no merit in simply copy- available for comment. But a
ing the Soviet achievement." spokesman at Lovell's Jodrell Bank
Prof. Bretton predicted "we will radio telescope said:
undoubtedly try now to accomplish "Everyone here is tremendously
a step toward the conquest of pleased that the Americans have'
space which may still not be as had a 100 per cent success."
SPACE TRIP-Cmdr. Alan Shepard blasted off yesterday in a
Redstone rocket as the first American to fly into space. His
journey took him 115 miles into space and 302 miles down the
Atlantic missile range where navy ships fished his capsule out
out of the sea.
Kennedy Considers Plan
To Help Jobless Youth
WASHINGTON (IP)-President John F. Kennedy is reported con-
sidering a $1 billion public works and training program to aid the
unemployed with special emphasis on jobless youth and family bread-
Kennedy's advisers are drafting a new economic message for
Congress, due to be sent to Capitol hill in the next few weeks. It will
review the state of the economy and propose additional steps aimed
at reducing the present backlog of
nearly 5Y2 million unemployed.
N egotiators The administration's economic
reappraisal is already overdue.
- Shortlyafter taking office Ken-
MOSCOW OP) - Soviet Russia
yesterday officially viewed the
ride -of Alan B. Shepard, Jr. as a
puny and belated effort of the
United States in the space age.
The official Tass News Agency
compared it in belittling fashion
with the orbit flight of Yuri Ga-
garin on April 12.
Here and there, however, there
was condescending praise for
American correspondents at a
reception were congratulated by
Soviet newsmen. One said, "It is a
A commentator in an English
language broadcast on Moscow
"This is a notable achievement
by American scientists. It gives
us reason to hope that in due
course they will be able to put a
manned space ship into orbit
around the earth, as the Soviet
Union did recently."
Mikhail Pervukhin, Soviet am-
bassador in East Germany, told a
reception there the Americans
were to be congratulated but that
the Russians could have dupli-
cated the American space achieve-
ment "years ago." They didn't do
it, he said, because it was too
dangerous without preliminary
tests, with animals."
Soviet citizens were given the
news of Shepard's space hop in
matter-of-fact fashion. The first
news was broadcast by a woman
announcer an hour and a half
after the event.
WASHINGTON (P) - A vice-
president of Westinghouse Electric
Corp., jailed for price fixing, told
senators yesterday that he had
never fixed prices.
But the witness, J. H. Chiles,
Jr., said he had tried.
"I sometimes wonder why I was
sentenced . . ." Chiles told the
Senate Antitrust and Monopoly
Another vice-president, W. C.
Rowland, said he had been fined
$4,000 although he did not know
anything about price fixing until
the price fixing scandals broke.
Chiles, who was sentenced to 30
days in jail in the government's
big antitrust case, said he had at-
tended about six meetings a year
At the sessions, Chiles testified,
discussions were held on holding
prices 10 to 15 per cent below pub-
licly listed prices.
"Nothing ever came of them,"
He added, however, that he
pleaded guilty to government
charges of price fixing because of
his responsibility as a vice-presi-
dent of the company.
A third witness told the subcom-
mittee he met with competitors
for 15 years but never to fix prices.
His testimony, however, did not
win complete acceptance by the
"You must think we are pretty
naive to believe this," Sen. Estes
Kefauver (D-Tenn), the subcom-
mittee chairman, told the witness,
J. Barry Walker.
Walker is assistant to A. C. Mon-
teith, vice-president of Westing-
The subcommittee heard some-
what similar testimony from L. B.
Gives New Funds
To State Colleges
University To Receive $35.4 Million;
House, Senate Agree on Provisions
By MICHAEL OLINICK
Te House yesterday passed a bill appropriating $35.4
million for University operation as part of a $109 million
budget for higher education.
The vote formalized what the Republicans made clear
Thursday: the education bill was not going to be changed.
The House bill-almost identical to one earlier approved
by the Senate-was deadlocked for a day as Republicans
could not muster the 56 votes necessary for its passage. Rep,
Frederick Olsen (R-Sheridan)
I Meet in Laos
HIN HEUP, Laos (RP)-Military
negotiators for Laos' warring fac-
tors yesterday held the first ma-
jor meeting to work out details of
a cease-fire but were unable to
agree even on a site for future
Political leaders in Vientiane
at the same time proposed that
talks begin today in the royal
capital of Luang Prabang. Pre-
sumably these would be top-level
negotiations on forming a coali-
The government pointedly ig-
nored rebel proposals that politi-
cal questions be discussed on the
front. Only a military team, led
by Brig. Gen. Sing Rathanasamay,
'was sent to discuss matters re-
lating to Wednesday's cease-fire-
nedy promised to make such a re-
assessment in 75 days, a period
that ran out over two weeks ago.
The program discussed would
fall into three general lines:
1) A big public works plan de-
signed to create jobs for idle
craftsmen and factory workers
producing the required materials.
2) A plan to train workers whose
jobs have been made permanently
obsolete by machines or technology
to go into occupations for which
there is a manpower need. This
would concentrate on idled work-
ers who are 30 years or older.
3) A training plan for youth.
This would be aimed at young
people who either quit school with-
out acquiring skills or who, even
with an education, still can't find
employment. This contemplates
creating a youth conservation
abstained on Thursday, leav-
ing the vote 55-46.
The Senate will consider minor
changes of provisions in its bill
which do not coincide with the
Olsen, who wanted an addition-
al $200,000 for Ferris Institute,
relaxed his demands and voted
with his party yesterday. "I know
I'm right, but I can't fight this
alone," he said.
University officials last night
reiterated their disappointment
with the legislative appropria-
tions falling $7.5 million short of
Gov. Swainson's recommendations
for the state's nine public colleges
University President Harlan
Hatcher had labeled Swainson's
proposals "shockingly inadequate."
Asked $37.1 Million
The governor asked $37.1 mil-
lion for the University, $6.8 mil-
lion less than the Regents thought
necessary. The Legislature's ac-
tual appropriation, $35.4 million,
is an increase of $147,000 over last
Vice-President and Dean of
Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss re-
peated his concern last night that
this budget was "very Inade-
quate," and said he would con-
tinue working to outline policies
the University must adopt under
the "austerity budget."
At their April meeting, the Re-
gents instructed the administra-
tion to study possible stabilization
or even reduction of enrollment,
deficit operation and continuing
cutbacks of services, maintenance
and equipment purchases.
No Tuition Boost
The Regents also ruled out any
tuition boost as a means to im-
plement the University funds for
the coming year.
Niehuss said the administration
had not yet worked out detailed
plans for operation under this
budget because it had spent a
great deal of time conferring with
the Legislature. He said he hoped
to have some recommendations
ready for the next Regents meet-
ing on May 18.
"We are face to face with stark
reality," Regent Donald M. D.
Thurber said'last night. "We have
to proceed with great care and
a sense of realism in this situa-
The Regents will do "straight
and serious thinking" on the of-
fered three-point program and on
any more ideas of their own, he
Olsen's vote was not really need-
ed to pass the education measure.
Rep. Einar Erlandsen, Escanaba
Democrat, Joined Republicans in
supporting the bill.
"My thinking is that if the
universities are correct in saying
that they just can't manage on
the Republican budget, then the
situation will get so serious that
we will have to have a special
session to appropriate more mon-
ey," he explained.
An attempt by Republican mod-
erates in the Senate to support
increases in higher education and
mental health budgets (for which
RICHARD A. CUTLER
...gets state post
To State Job
Prof. Richard L. Cutler of the
psychology department was named
yesterday to the state Mental
Health Commission by Governor
Prof. Cutler is the chief psychol-
ogist for the University Fresh Air
Camp. He also serves as consultant
to the Michigan Society for Mental
Health and research consultant to
the United States Veterans Ad-
Last fall he wa; a Democratic
candidate for the state Senate.
Prof. Cutler succeeds Selma
Becker of Detroit to the post after
her resignation. The appointment
requires senate confirmation. It
is for a term which will expire
Sept. 6, 1962.
"If confirmed," Prof. Cutler
commented, "my primary concern
in the mental health field will be
with the facilities and treatment
"The present services for chil-
dren are grossly inadequate and
there will have to be more money
and new programs to correct this."
To Get Hearing
WASHINGTON () - President
John F. Kennedy's controversial
proposal for a social security-
based program of medical care for
the aged picked up steam yester-
day with word that the House.
Ways and Means Committee will
conduct hearings on it this sum-
No date was set, but the decision
announced by Chairman Wilbur D.
Mills (D-Ark.) apparently repre-
sents a change of mind. It had
been generally understood the
committee would not take up until
next year the plan, which is
strongly opposed by the American
Mills himself had pressed up his
chairman's privilege of introduc-
ing the administration bill, which
was instead put in by the second-
ranking Democrat on the com-
mittee, Rep. Cecil R. King (D-
However, pressure has been
spectacular as the Russian feat,
but will probably be more sophis-
ticated and valuable."
He said that the American suc-
cess probably represents a more
decisive step in the space race
than the Russian orbital flight.
Shepard had some degree of con-
trol over the missile, but Gagarin
was merely the occupant of a
satellite shot into orbit.
Prof. Fred T. Haddock, director
of the radio-telescope facility, said
"at the present stage of develop-
ment, it does not appear that a
man in a satellite would be able
to find out any more about space
and the solar system than an un-
He-noted that all space knowl-
edge to date has been gathered by
ground-based instruments or un-
manned satellite and space probes.
But he emphasized that, as de-
velopments progress, an ability to
travel through snace may nroen
Music Vies with Sigma Chii's
By BRIAN MacCLOWRY
Abner Doubleday turned over
in his grave yesterday-if he
wasn't already doubled up with
Yesterday afternoon, making a
rather hilarious travesty of the
game he invented were Sigma Chi
fraternity and the Philadelphia,
Symphony Orchestra, now appear-
ing in Ann Arbor as part of the
Nobody quite knows who won or
what the score was. Some Greeks
claimed a 16-9 victory, others
said it was 14-8. The musicians
mound for Philadelphia and was
promptly welcomed by a volley of
base hits that produced eight or
nine runs. Arion didn't fare much
better in the second frame. Six
or seven more runs crossed the
plate for Sigma Chi, with John
McQuin and Pete Geis hitting
In the third Arion was merci-
fully returned to his proper posi-
tion, base-first base. In from cen-
ter field to pitch, and sporting
teammate as a "rookie trombon-
ist." Patroling the outfield were
violinist deluxe, Owen Lussack;
trombone player Robert Harper;
Umpiring at first base was tuba
player Abe "Torch" Torchinski,
affectionately labeled by a team-
mate as "the fattest thing that's
walked down to first base in
Conspicuously absent was the
conductor, and manager by proxy,
Eugene Ormandy. It was rumor-
ed that Ormandy is in New York
trying to arrange a home-and-
sun glasses, came
Keith Brown. There
But then he wasn't
was no sun.
a bass play-
i . , . .- 11 -