U.S. LAOTION POLICY
MAY PROLONG WAR
See Page 4
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
Light drizzle ending before
noon with continued overcast.
VOL. LXXI, No. 144 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1961 FIVE CENTS
U.S. Message Gave Early Warning
Of Possible Rebellion in Colony
WASHINGTON (IP)-A high United States official said yesterday
thousands have been killed in a revolt in Angola in the past two weeks
and that the United States had warned Portugal of an upheaval in its
The United States official, who did not allow use of his name or
direct quotation, said the American warning was in a tactful message
to Portugal prior to the recent United Nations General Assembly vote
in which the United States joined in recommending steps for inde-
pendence of Angola.
The official said the United States note pointed out to Portugal
in friendly terms that while Portugal, a United States North Atlantic
ISUBalks at Proposed Fee Increase
Kenneth McEldowney, '62, will
ask Student Government Council
tonight to forward a National Stu-
dent Association resolution abol-
ishing loyalty oaths and disclaimer
affidavits to President John F.
Kennedy and to certain congress-
men as an active endorsement of
The measure urges deletion of a
section of the National Defense
Education Act of 1958 which re-
quires that students and faculty
members applying for federal aid
must sign disclaimer affidavits.
It also demands repeal of state
and local laws requiring loyalty
oaths and affidavits 'of students
and faculty seeking employment
at institutions of higher learning.
McEldowney's motion stipulates
that copies of the NSA resolution
and SGC's endorsement be sent to
all Michigan representatives and
senators, the House Committee on
Education and Labor, University
President Harlan Hatcher, the
NSA and President Kennedy be-
" fore Congress votes on revision of
the NDEA bill within "the coming
To Discuss Corps
SGC will gQ into committee-of-
the-whole session to "discuss the
Peace Corps and possible Council
action in this area" with Alan and
Judith Guskin, Grads., leaders of
the Peace Corps movement on this
campus, and to discuss restructure
of the Council.
Executive Vice - President Per
Hanson, '62, will present a motion
"demanding that the president of
SGC moderate a pro-con debate"
concerning distortion of the film
"Operation Abolition." The .Coun-
cil last week approved a program
including a showing of the film,
the debate to follow.
ally, is dependent on her colonies
for trade benefits, she could not
expect to hold on to Angola and
The United States message told
Portugal that an explosion was
due, this official said, and trouble
did occur. He said more people
have died in Angola in the past
fortnight than in Cuba and Laos
diplomatic sources said yesterday
President and Mrs. John F. Ken-
nedy have accepted an invitation
from President Sukarno to visit
However, the date of the offi-
cial visit has been left open.
The invitation-but not the ac-
ceptance-was mentioned public-
ly by Sukarno in a farewell talk
before boarding his chartered jet
airliner for Mexico City.
Vice-President Lyndon B. John-
son who represented Kennedy at
the departure ceremonies said
that as of this moment there are
no definite plans for his own
visit to the Far East.
Kennedy and Sukarno issued a
joint statement yesterday after
their two days of meetings. Sig-
nificantly, the communique made
no mention of the dispute between
Indonesia and the Netherlands
over Dutch-held West New Gui-
Instead, the communique said
that both leaders "strongly and
unreservedly" support the goal of
a neutral and independent Laos
and that both recognize that the
newly independent nations of Asia
and Africa "must be alert to any
attempts to subvert their cherish-
ed freedom by means of imperial-
ism in all its manifestations."
By The Associated Press
LANSING -- Michigan State
University trustees will not go
along with a proposed increase in
student fees, MSU President John
A. Hannah told the House Ways
and Means Committee here yes-
University representatives will
go before the committee tomor-
row to add their plea for added
funds to MSU's.
(The Regents decided at their
meeting last week that they would
not consider raising tuition at
the University next year, but
Wayne State University's Board
of Governors decided to take no
stand on the issue of a tuition
hike at WSU.)
WSU representatives will ap-
pear before the committee today.
Committee deliberations must
be over Friday, as this is the last
day that bills may be reported out
of committees to the floor of the
Hannah told the committee that
at least five of the trustees said
they would resist the fee increases
suggested by the Senate earlier as
a source of additional income for
The Senate appropriations com-
mittee suggested raising fees $20
a year for instate students and
$150 a year for out-of-state stu-
Hannah quoted trustees as say-
ing they would not raise fees
again since they were increased
"That means you will cut your-
self out of about $1 million for
operating expenses," warned Rep.
Arnell Engstrom (R - Traverse
City), committee chairman.
Michigan State asked for $37.5
million for operating expenses in
the next fiscal year. Swainson
trimmed it to $31.5 million and
the Senate cut it to $29.6 mil-j
lion with the fee increase recom-
(Other state institutions includ-
ing the University suffered sim-
ilar cuts in their requests.)
Hannah predicted MSU enroll-i
ments would jump from 22,5001
this year to 25,300 in the fall.
"We are now as selective in ad-
missions as we dare be," he said.I
"Now we are turning down some
students we know could make the
grade in college. Our standards are1
getting higher although our tra-
dition has been that we wouldt
never turn down a qualified in-j
The Senate-recommended fig-
ure allows a $938 appropriationI
per student, the MSU president
said, compared to $1,061 in 1957.t
Propose UN Unit
For Peace Corps
UNITED NATIONS WP) - Thea
United States proposed yesterdayf
that the United Nations broadena
the scope of President John F.b
Kennedy's Peace Corps plan.
Chief delegate Adlai E. Steven-
son asked that the UN EconomicI
Council consider the matter at its
summer session opening in Geneva
In a note to Secretary-General t
Dag Hammarskjold, the Unitedo
States delegate proposed that the"
council consider use of volunteerc
workers in the operational pro- t
gram of the UN and related agen-s
D~ tRevolt .
Sees Peace. Hope
By PETER STEINBERGER
The defeat of the insurrectionist
French generals means that the
Algerian independence will come
sooner, a student from Algeria
Noureddin Ait-Laoussine, a stu-
dent in the English Language In-
stitute, said that the failure of
the army rebellion showed that
the majority of the. French people
supported independence for Al-
"If they started the revolutioni,
it was because they thought all
the French would be with them,''
he said. "Their failure proves that
the French are behind de Gaulle
and want an independent Algeria.
SResolution To Invite lis
Dies in Senate Comm11ttee
A resolution to invite a member of the House Un-American Ac-
tivities Committee to address the State Legislature on the anti-Com-
munist film "Operation Abolition" was defeated by the Senate
Business Committee yesterday.
The Senate Committee refused to bring the proposal to the floor
of the Legislature. Sponsors of the measure had hoped to bring Rep.
r Edwin E. Willis (D-La) to Lans-
To 'U' Drop
The University is attracting
fewer freshman applicants but
they are more qualified ones, as-
sistant director of admissions By-
ron Groesbeck said yesterday.
Although the total number of
applications submitted this year
for -entrance in the literary col-
lege is below the figure for last
year, the percentage of qualified
applicants is five to 10 per cent
Groesbeck attributed the change
in figures to better counseling in
high schools and an "image of a
quality and competitive univer-
sity" created by many popular
"Secondary schools, aware of our
high standards, are warning un-
qualified seniors not to waste their
time or hopes in applying to the
University," Groesbeck said.
Discussing the role of magazines
in popularizing the University,
Groesbeck said "They pictureius
as a high level academic institu-
tion where students really con -
centrate on studies. Thus the less
ambitious 'intellectuals' turn to
schools where the learning process
is a little more relaxed."
Groesbeck said that the Uni-
versity has tentatively closed off
admissions to literary college
freshmen. About 2,500 Michigan
and out-of-state students have
been accepted with an expectation
that 2,100 will actually enroll.
Little change in freshmen enroll-
ment is contemplated.
Since March 1, when admissions
to the literary college were closed
off, the University has set up a
"waiting list" for qualified appli-
cants. If higher than usual attri-
tion rate affects the 2,500 accepted
students, those on the waiting list
may be admitted, Groesbeck said.
" he failure of the revolt is a
big step toward independence," he
said. "The greatest opposition to
independence comes from the
paratroops and the foreign legion
-for them the war is a matter of
Now, he predicted, de Gaulle
will withdraw the paratroops from
the African territory.
National Liberation Front
"In any event," he added, "the
National Liberation Front (FLN)
will fight until independence."
Ait-Laoussine predicted that the
failure of the revolt would cause
the French colonials to feel weak-
er. "They'll have to understand,"
he said, "that negotiation with
the FLN is the only way left for
He admitted that though he was
sure of the eventual defeat of the
insurrectionist army units, the
speed of the defeat had surprised
"If they had really wanted to
invade France, as they said they
did, they would have done so on
the first day. They were sur-
rounded by the alerted armies of
Morrocco and Tunisia, which were
ready to defend the Algerian mos-
lems, as well as themselves, from
attack by the army.
"De Gaulle can now demonstrat
his good intentions by resuming
negotiations with the, Algerian
(rebel). provisional government.
The French armies must be with-
drawn before free elections can
be held. Now that the insurrec-
tion has been defeated, de Gaulle
will be more ready to do this."
Ait-Laoussine noted that because
so few of the 700,000-800,000 man
French army in Algeria had joined
with Generals Salan and Challe,
there was added hope that the
army would no longer be an ob-
stacle to peace settlements.
He also called for recognition
of the Algerian rebel armies as.
official and legal entities as a
necessary step toward deciding
the territory's future.
"The French army will with-
draw between the ceasefire and
the referendum," he said, "and
after that the elections can be
free. Still, there is no doubt of
the Algerians wish for independ-
UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The
World Jewish Congress charged
yesterday that Interpol-the in-
ternational criminal police organi-
zation-has refused to try to track
down Nazis accused of crimes
REVOLT ENDS-Troops loyal to French Pres
Gaulle have crushed an insurrection of right-
Algeria. The sudden rebellion ended with the s
Maurice Challe and the reported suicide of G
.Denies Student Ai
SAN FRANCISCO (M-Attorneys for Robert J
terday called a San Jose State College sociologyp
their contention that no student assault was com
May's city hall demonstration.
Dr. Mervin L. Cadwallader, whose specialtyi
testified he saw no student violence whatsoever b
firehoses on the crowd outside the supervisors' char
crowd has gathered to protest
hearings of the House Un-Ameri-
can Activities Committee.
Meisenbach, a 23-year-old Uni-
versity of California student, is
charged with assaulting a police-
man, the action which the prose-
cution contends started the fra-
Four preceding defense wit-
nesses insisted they saw no stu-
dent hit patrolman Ralph E.
Schaumleffel over the headhwith
his own night stick as the prose-
The defense contends Schaum-
leffel slipped on the wet marble
floor and bumped his head.
Elwood Murray, a 29-year-old
high school teacher, corroborated
Meisenbach's story that he stum-
bled. over a police billy during
the melee and tossed it out of his
path as he was trying to leave
the city hall.
Murray said he watched from
behind a pillar while police "hosed
and pulled people away, dragging
them by the neck."
By Galilee Sea,
On Englfish 23'
Questionnaires on the value of
English 23 will be distributed to
freshmen and sophomores in the
residence halls tomorrow and Fri-
It contains questions on the ma-
terial covered in English 23, the
nature of class discussion and
evaluations of the instructors. No
names of instructors or students
are to be mentioned in the ques-
When the information from the
questionnaires is compiled it will
be presented to Prof. Frank Cop-
ley of the English department.
Eugenia Pann, '63, chairman of
the Student Government Council
Education Committee, said the
questionnaires were formulated by
Carole Feldman, '63, with the ad-
vice of members of the psychology
J To Forces
v $ Of Republic
<Sallan Reported Dead
As Paratroops Leave
PARIS (P)--The generals' revolt
in Algeria collapsed yesterday with
the surrender of Gen. Maurice
Challe and the reported suicide of
Gen. Raoul Salan.
The French government con-
firmed Challe's surrender but had
no official word on Salan's suicide.
The office of President Charles
de Gaulle announced that Challe
had put himself at the disposition
of the French government.
The end of the revolt was has-
tened by President Charles de
Gaulle's orders to wipe out the
rebels with all means necessary-
-AP Wirephoto including warfare-to restore or-
ident Charles de der.
wing generals in The fate of Challe's fellow rebels
urrender of Gen. remained in doubt but those
en. Raoul Salan. chiefly responsible may be exe-
cuted as traitors.
The recaptured Algiers radio
first had reported that Salan had
committed suicide but the General
then made his appearance . with
f se Challe.
The swiftness of events seemed
to catch even the Algerians by
t ssault s uddenness Stupifies
Reports from Algiers and Oran
J. Meisenbach yes- said the Europeans there were
professor to bolster stupefied by the sudden about-
mitted during last face of the generals who had been
breathing fire only a few hours
is crowd behavior, As in January 1960 when his
efore police turned regime was threatened by a similar
mbers May 13. The Algerian rising, de Gaulle seemed
to have won the day with his un-
De Gaulle learned of Challe's
decision as a letter of surrender
was being couriered to him by
, plane. The latter was brought to
lii len France by Col. George De Bois-
sieu, de Gaulle's son-in-law. The
colonel landed in France just be-
ERY HEUER fore Monday midnight.
arty approved Alan Letter Surrenders
and Kenneth Mc- The letter signified Challe's
and Knnet Mc-willingness to surrender.
Student Govern- There was apparent strife in the
member, as new co- insurgent command while the let-
night. ter was en route to France.
)posed by the nomi- The radio first called the popu-
tee to fill the va- lation of Algiers to demonstrate
the resignation of on the Forum Square. Within a
thEd., was unani- brief time, however, French naval
'did., waseuna- units seized the station and re-
d bythemeetngturned it to loyalist hands. Then
rst issues they will the appeal-for calm was flashed
iat course of action out.
present Michigan Earlier Word
o improve atmos- It was apparent that Challe had
nion Grille, McEl- first sent some kind of word to de
Gaulle earlier Monday.
Regulation De Boisseu landed at Tours ln
ng discussion cen- central France.
roposal by Frank The plane was met by the dis-
61, concerning the trict prefect, and the colonel
lation prohibiting motored on to Paris.
and card-playing The Loyalist military officers in
Algiers messaged the government
that the Gaullist leaders Impris-
s recomend oned by the insurgents had been
anstratin agin freed.
n open forum on Include Administrators
motion, later with- These included de Gaulle's civil
de to ask SGC to administrator, Jean Morin; the
de Park on the commander - in - chief, Gen. Fer-
den, '61, Daily Edi- nand Gambiez, and Robert Burop,
le, 61 Dil Ei-minister of public works and'
,gainst the motion, transport. Buron was visiting Al-
liberate action in geria when the revolt broke out.
the time might be The collapse of the junta was
nurther information the latest in a long line of tumult
on plan. uous efforts by rightists in Algeria
To Invite to capture control of the govern-
sed that Voice in- ment in Paris.
ident Paul Carder,
-President for Stu-
,meA.Lwsta xpc 11,0010
. After this meet-
issue a position
policy as clearly F rSummer
ing for a speech last night.
The move which defeated the
resolution was initiated by Sen.
Carlton H. Morris (R-Kalamazoo).
He said he didn't really object to
Willis' appearance, "but if we
bring one person in here to talk
on the film-no matter whether
he's for or against it.-then it
would seem to me that we would
have to have somebody in from
the other side."
Lawmakers have considerable
legislative business still facing
them; they shouldn't become in-
volved in this "bickering," he
The Voice Pa
ment Council m
The slate, pro
cancy left by1
One of the fi
face may be wh
to take on the
Union drive t
phere in the U
At the meeti
tered on a p
new Union reg
in the MUG.
called for a den
the ruling ora
Union policy. Ai
drawn, was ma
calendar a Hy
tor, speaking ag
urged mole del
the hope thatt
used to obtain f
on the new Unio
vite Union Pres
'62, and/or Vice
dent Affairs Jar
ing Voice woul
paper on Union
DENIES YR CHARGES:
Feidhamp Refutes Denunciations of NSA
By THOMAS HUNTER
Former Student Government
Council president John Feldkamp,
'61, recently labeled as "mislead-
ing" charges by the Midwest
YoungcRepublicans convention de-
nouncing the National Student As-
In their major platform state-
ment made two weeks ago the
dent of the local Young Republi-
can group, said that the conven-
tion based its stand on the fact.
that NSA represents only one-
third of America's college stu-
He said, "The resolution stated
that a great deal of legislation is
passed by the executive board
without consent of the body," that
was taking liberal stands most of
the time, he added.
Stockmeyer said that he him-
self was not sure of the charges
but that "If these things are true,
then I agree."
To the claim that NSA "purports
to represent the American student
population, with a membership
eonmndr1f leas thoa A. ir f
HAIFA (RP) - A Syrian-Israeli
machine gun fight developed yes-
terday in the area of the North-
eastern shores of the Sea of Gali-
lee, official sources reported last
Israel submitted a strong protest
to the Syrian-Israel armistice com-
mission and claimed the incident
developed when three Israeli fish-
ermen were machinegunned from
the direction of Massaduyah vil-
lage, in Syrian territory.
An Israeli patrol boat reached
the scene soon afterward, also was
shot at and returned the fire, the