NEW MUSIC SCHOOL
See Page 4
Continued fair and cold,
slightly warmer tomorrow.
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 29, 1961
By SUSAN FARRELL
National awareness of the re-
cession has greatly increased in
the last few months because of
widespread publicity. and grow-
ing governmental attention to
business ,conditions, but there is
considerable optimism for the fu-
The Survey Research Center's
sixteenth survey of consumer fi-
nances (taken from a national
cross-section of the population)
indicates that at least half of
the people in all income groups
think economic conditions are
worse than they were a year ago,
Among those with incomes over,
$7,500 the number rises, to two-
In spite of this generally un-
favorable evaluation of recent
trends, the short-run economic
outleok is viewed only a little less
favorably than it was in Novem-
ber. Expectations for business con-
ditions a year from now are very
optimistic. The proportion of
people expecting "good times" is
much higher than at any time
Long-term expectations have
not been dampened by the cur-
r"The belief that government
measures can alleviate the reces-
sion seems to be a major source
of confidence," the report states.
"Approximately half the people
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
Panhellenic. Association last
night elected Susan Stillerman,.
'62, of Alpha Epsilon Phi sorority
its next president.
Miss Stillerman, who served as
public relations chairman of Pan-
hel this year, believes that self-'
'evaluation is the most pressing
problem facing the. organization
at the present time.
"We must make people realize
we are not just -the 'cute little
sorority girls' of a century ago,"
who saw good times ahead spon-
taneously cited government action
as, a reason for this opinion."
Most of those who saw bad
times ahead pointed to high un-.
employment or the current down-
ward trend of business activity.
Commenting on recent state-
ments made by government offi-
cials that= the recession has brok-
en, Prof. Eva Mueller, an SRC
program director and one of the
authors of the report, said that
not enough has happened ,yet to
significantly alter the survey re-
sults. If current upward trends
persist, they will probably be evi-
dent in the survey taken later in
the spring, she explained.
In the area of personal finances,
attitudes toward past and current
conditions are less favorable than
they were in November, but ex-
pectations for the future have be-
come more optimistic.
"The survey results are con-
,sistent with the possibility that
the business contraction " has
reached 'bottom, but they do not I
foreshadow a decisive upturn in#
consumer buying for the time be-
ing," the report explains.
"However, optimistic expecta-
tions and satisfaction with prices
and market conditions suggest
that consumers may be receptive
to favorable stimuli."
Evaluations of recent changes
in family ,financial situations
have deteriorated only slightly
since they took a sharp down-
ward turn between May and No-
vember. However, concern about
job security and employment op-
portunities has increased from 15
to 25 per cent since November.
In contrast to this, optimism
about family finances a year from
now has. increased significantly
during the same period and is
more widespread now than at any
tie during the 1958 recession.
Price stability is one factor
contributing to this general opti-
mism. It has also been significant
in maintaining a favorable ap-
praisal of market conditions. In
the two previous recessions, the
opinion that now is "a good time
to buy" was less widely held.
Surprise Other State
/v,,, t v r Siry'v..N.. A . " Wr ~ fl(6]y. r v flVA..* ,..s'4'n. rfr.,../.. +,* r'..".s"n..
By, Youth, Profession
(EDITOR'S NOTE--This is the second of four profiles of the Demo.
cratic and Republican candidates for the University's Board of Re-
gents. The statewide election for the two open posts will be held April
? By MICHAEL BURNS
Theodore Sachs is distinguished from the rest of the Re-
gental candidate field by two characteristics: he is the youngest
of the four hopefuls and the only lawyer.
Sachs presents a liberal philosophy, supported by the analy-
sis of a legal mind, which stresses a wider range of responsibil-
ity for both students and the American public in their support,
The 32-year-old dark-haired Democrat has gained his
knowledge of the University first-hand as a graduate of the
Law School in 1951. He served as editor of the Law Review and
was a member of the Order of Coif (legal honorary). His under-
graduate degree was earned at Wayne State University. He is a
member of the University's Detroit alumni club.
He is a member of Rothe, Marston, Mazey, Sachs and
O'Connell law firm. Sachs recently came to prominence by rep-
resenting Michigan AFL-CIO President August Scholle in a suit
to declare unconstitutional the current apportionment of the
Married and the father of two children, Sachs lives in Oak
Park, a Detroit suburb.
A Regent's responsibility cannot be "abdicated or delegated"
he asserts, but the Regent should be alert to the viewpoints of
others concerned with the academic process. The Regent is a
policy-maker, but he should be equally scrupulous not to inter-
fere with the proper roles of others-of administrators, com-
petently executing Regents' policies; of faculty, in teaching
with complete academic freedom; of students, in a proper exer-
cise of the learning function and of student government'.
To ensure that the Regent is aware of public opinion, Sachs
favors an "open door" policy to all segments of the state. He
pledges "a responsible dedication" to his platform and the oath
of office, if elected. 1
Sachs' platforn includes a strong stand on the issue of
Communist speaker bans at state universities.
"The basic function of a university is to provide a laboratory
for the search for truth," he emphasizes.
He concurs with Thomas Jefferson's dedication address of
the University of Virginia: "'Thin institution will be based on
the illimitable freedom of the human mind. For here we are not
afraid to follow truth wherever it may lead, nor to tolerate error
so long as reason is free to combat it.'
"I endorse United States Supreme Court Chief Justice
Earl Warren's observation that 'to impose any strait jacket upon
the intellectual leaders in our colleges and universities would im-
See SACKS, Page 2
r : h
BANGKOK, Thailand () - The
Southeast Asia Treaty Organiza-
tion council of foreign ministers
declared late last night that if
peace negotiations for Laos fail,
the eight-nation alliance is pre-
pared to take "whatever action
may be appropriate in the circum-
Ending their seventh annual
conference, the SEATO members
unanimously adopted a resolution
stipulating that action would be
See earlier'story, Page 3
contingent on a continued Com-
munist military attempt to obtain
control of the strategic Indo-Chin-
The resolution appeared to be
a compromise implying-but not
promising-SEATO military in-
tervention in the jungle war in
Laos if the Soviet Union does not
accept Britain's proposal for a
cease-fire and stop aid to the pro-
Communist rebels fighting against
the Western-backed 'government
of Prince Boun Oum.
The SEATO ministers also
"noted with concern" the cam-
paign of the Viet Cong Commu-
nist guerrillas, "supported from
the outside" in violation of the
1954 Geneva Indochina armistice,
to overthrow the anti-Communist
government of South Viet Nam
President Ngo Dinh Diem. The
communique declared SEATO's
firm resolve not to acquiesce in
any such takeover of that coun-
At Congo Aid
UNITED NATIONS (A) - In-
formed sources said yesterday the
French government has advised
the United Nations it will not con-
tribute to the cost of UN military
operations in the Congo.
France is the first major West-
ern power to take that 'position
in the financial crisis facing the
UN in keeping its Congo opera-
The expenses amounted to $48.5
million in 1960.
The UN disclosed this week that
only three nations besides the
United States have paid anything
toward their 1960 Congo assess-
ments. The three are Australia,
Ireland and the Netherlands,
which have paid in about $1 mil-
lion. The United States has paid
its entire $15,745,211 assessment.
The report on the French posi-
tion was received as suggestions
were being made in the budgetary
committee yesterday that the ma-
jor powers pay an even bigger
share of the Congo operation.
A representative of Congolese
President Joseph Kasavubu said
yesterday cooperation with the
UN would be possible if it would
respect Congo sovereignty.
BOWLING GREEN, Ohio (A)-
Bowling Green State University
President Rglph W. McDonald last
night proclaimed a state of emer-
gency on the troubled campus.
The proclamation ordered stu-
dents to return to their dormi-
tories and advised police to pick
up any students loitering about
who did not have proper identifi-
A university spokesman said that
within an hour after the emer-
gency was declared activity on the
campus was below normal. A few
students had been taken to the
police station, however, all are ex-
pected to be released.
Earlier in, the day a large group
of students staged a sit-down pro-
test and refused to go to classes.
The cause of the three-day dis-
turbance still was not clear.
The dean of students said there
didn't appear to be any single,
outstanding complaint, but rather
a collection of individual griev-
saying "reform not riot" listed
several areas of dissatisfaction-
censorship of the student news-
paper, lack of effective student
'government and required class at-
tendance. Other grievances cen-
tered on university regulations
which the students considered too
Much of the criticismf
aimed at the administration
ed by university President
Smith said there appeare
little reason for the first d
stration, but now "it's go
the point where the stude
looking for a cause."
Proclamation Squelches Rio
parading with signsI
_ OO S
Ralph Hatcher Has No Plan
d to be For Similar Actions;
demon- WSU Head 'Puzzled'
nts are By PETER STEINBERGER
Michigan State University's new
master plan for economy and ex-
pansion has drawn surprised re-
*actions from administrators at
other large state schools.
The plan was outlined Monday
by President John Hannah, who
spoke to a special meeting of
1,100 of the university's faculty.
He called for large increases in
faculty salaries, and preparations
.for a 50 per cent hike in enroll-
ment by 1970.
These goals would be accomp-
lished, Hannah said, even with
decreased rates of state support
4 per pupil.
r L -Hannah Hopes
Hannah said he hoped to lower
the cost-per-student at MSU while
substantially increasing the num-
.ber of graduate students attend-
"To my knowledge, no other uni-
versity in America has under-
taken or contemplates anything
comparable to the program laid
before you tonight,''Hannah de-
University President Harlan
Hatcher noted that any plan which
proposed to raise expenses without
ephoto raising appropriations was cer-
Uni- tainly unique anywhere, and would
Pula- represent a fine accomplishment.
part He added that he had not had
a chance to study the proposals.
President Clarence Hilberry of
Wayne State University said he
was "puzzled at what Hannah
"Lots of experimentation 'is go--
ing on in the areas Hannah has
talked about," he said.
"His program would be original
and unique only in the sense that
it would be a ,total measure, in
contrast to the controlled experi-
hat the ment we have at Montieth Col-
e space lege at WSU."
SGC To Hold
By RALPH KAPLAN
Student Government Council
will elect officers at an open meet-
Candidates for president are ad-
ministrative vice-president Rich-
ard Nohl, '62BAd., and executive
vice-president Per Hanson, '62.
Arthur Rosenbaum, '62, and Mary
Wheeler, '61, will run for execu-
tive vice-president. John'Martin,
'62, is a candidate for adminis-
trative vice-president and William
Gleason, '63, will run for treasurer.
Retiring president John Feld-
kamp, '61, will present his motion
for reorganization of the Council.
Feldkamp proposes to replace the
present administrative wing of
the Council by a structure of four
basic committees-student organ-
izations, student activities, student
concerns and University.
The Council will also consider
two alternate motions on member-
ship lists for student organiza-
tions. One would give organiza-
tions the option of submitting a
statement instead of a member-
ship list each term.
Those who desired to submit the
statement, however, would have
to receive SGC permission and be
prepared to submit a list when
necessary for enforcement of Uni-
A substitute motion allows a stu-
dent to prevent the posting of his
activity from the organization's
membership lists to his permanent
Membership lists would be
periodically destroyed under this
STUDENT DEMONSTRATION-The Bowling Green State
versity campus has been the scene of protest over an accu
tion of grievances, Yesterday students boycotted classes as,
of the three-day demonstration.
'U' Rocket Increases
University and government space researchers consider th
measurements taken by a rocket launched successfully by the
physics laboratory Sunday have increased knowledge of the
The three-stage Aerobee 300 rocket was fired for the N
Aeronautics and Space Administration at its base on Wallops
Va. Its nose cone and 60 pounds of instruments were develo
University space physics re-
searchers. "The measurements "
* takes office
she said. "If this is all we are,,
sororities have no reason for
On issues of special interest to
affiliated students, Miss Stiller-
man encourages' cooperation be-
tween Panhel and Interfraternity
Council. "However," she said, "I
am not so certain that we ought
to agree automatically on ques-
tions such as Hectorian support
of Student Government Council
Citing the importance of the
SGC Committee on 'Membership
in Student Organizations, Miss
Stillerman said she was not. al-
together satisfied with its strut
ture. She suggested the possibility
of including sorority and frater-
nity members in the committee.
New Panhel vice-president, sec-
retary, treasurer, chairman of
rushing councelors, chairman of
rushing chairmen, public relations
chairman, secretarial manager
and scholarship chairman will be
announced at League Installation
Night, April 17.
FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. (,')-
Skylarking collegians settled down
taken by the rocket made the test
a success," project director Larry
H. Brace, assistant research phys-
isict in the electrical engineering
The rocket soared 253 miles in
altitude and 166 miles out across
the Atlantic Ocean, measuring
electron temperatures and ion
density in the ionosphere. The
readings, which are under analysis
here, were telemetered from the
rocket during the flight.
Brace's colleagues on the test
are researchers George R. Carig-
nan, Plymouth L. Freed, Jack J.
Horvath, John C. Maurer,.Andrew
F. Nagy and Lyle M. Slider.
University economist Prof. Wil-
liam Haber strongly endorsed
Governor Swainson's proposed tax
reform program for Michigan yes-
Haber said there is clear evi-
dence that mamifacturer taxes in
Michigan are "substantially high-
er" than those in competing states.
He described the need for a
prompt, permanent solution to
this problem as "imperative."
y. * 4 :t:X ., . ": ."".t " * t t, ','.. +*-+*itr.-t1: .... }
... .....::,***s'*~* . . . . . . . .
FiffiViweld Holds Dim Ve of Peace nLao
Hannah explained that MSU,
because it is a school maintained
by the public, would admit all who
could keep up with the level of
instruction offered there. He
pledged that there would be no
President Hatcher said the Uni-
versity "wouldn't expand without
the needed facilities and faculty."
Many questions concerning the
feasibility of Hannah's proposals
could be resolved by a careful
look at the proposals themselves,
He added that the University
was not planning a similar an-
The changes proposed by Han-
nah stress individual work by the
students, rather than costly hours
in the classroom. Television and
other methods of mechanical
teaching would be emphasized.
By this fall, the various build-
ings of the MSU campus will be
linked by a closed-circuit tele-
The dormitories will be used to
teach some of the freshnan and
sophomore courses next year. The
use of the dormitories for teach-
ing purposes will be expanded af-
Hannah noted the Legislature's
interest in saving money, and sug-
gested that the alternative to
MSU's action would be "a super-
board to coordinate all institutions
of higher learning in' Michigan.
"In the name of economy, the
board would lay well-meant but
inexpert restrictions upon us and
upon our freedom of action."
He later said he was not aware
of any effect MSU's "willingness to
change and economize" might
have on the school's appropriation
from the Legislature.
"I suppose there may be reser-
vations within the faculty, but all
By CAROLINE DOW
A national expert on South-
east Asian politics held slim hope
for permanent peace in Laos yes-
terday hoping only for -continued
localization of the strife.
In an interview yesterday, Prof.
Russell Fifield of the political sci-
ence department who last week
completed 'a study of American
Foreign Policy in Southeast Asia
for the Council on Foreign Rela-
tions in New York, saw Laos as a
"microcosm of world politics."
The current crisis is just one
of a succession and Laos will
"remain a trouble spot for many
years to come. We should try to
Viewing Kennedy's goal of an
independent neutral Laos, Prof.
Fifield saw the creation of a
"relatively" neutral Laos "if and
only if the Communists can be
convinced that the cost of turn-
ing Laos today into a People's
Republic is not worth the gain."
If this can be done, the Com-
munists may settle for a neutral
Laos FOR THE TIME BEING
while consolidating gains made
and continuing subversion.
To attain a 'detente,' the Unit-
ed States must maintain a
strong posture in Southeast Asia
hnth militarily and dinlomatically.
The best support for a neutral'
Laos by neutral countries is de-
sirable as Moscow is courting the
new states of Asia and Africa
and would not wish to antago-
nize them. India,- which Moscow
considers one of the key states
in this effort, has already ap-
pealed to the USSR in, behalf of
a neutral Laos.
The current British proposal to
Moscow has three important ele-
ments, each entailing possible
complications, Prof. Fifield said.
The cease fire can easily but
not necessarily lead to partition
of Laos, the proposed Interna-
tional Control Commission may
the four main airfields of Laos.
Permanent control of Xieng Khou-
ang would be a key gain for the
Prof. Fifield pointed out that
the cease fire in Indochina for
the Geneva Conference in 1954 led
to a partition of Vietnam at
roughly the 17th parallel. A cease
fire in Laos at this time leading
to partition would leave Laos
divided into nine Royal provinces
and three Communist or Pathet
The re-convening of the Inter-
national Control Commission of
India, Canada and Poland to pa-
trol the cease fire would face dif-
ficulty in controlling the flow of
arms from outside, especially con-
sidering the terrain, facilities for
inspection and type of arms com-
Unable to Check
The similar ICC which has been
try and an effective balance of
power between rival international
groups are prerequisites for neu-
trality, Prof. Fifield warned.
Agree on Wars
And neutrality will not mean
the end of the Communist tactics
of subversion. In fact, late last
year in Moscow the Communist
parties agreed on "just wars of
liberation," Prof. Fifield contin-
Continued subversion and flow
of Communist arms plus the pos-
sible partition of Laos with the
strategic advantage to the Com-
munists are the then-immediate
dangers facing that little land,