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March 21, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-03-21

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preme Court o Hear
ton Rouge Sit-In Cases
f k View Arrest
Of Students
To Hear Arguments
At Autumn Session

-AP Wirephoto
AFRICAN AID-Assistant Secretary of State G. Mennen Williams, in a report to President John F.
Kennedy, outlines recommendations for improving aid to the African nations he toured recently.
Williams Asks Policy Change

WASHINGTON (A') - Assistant;
Secretary of State G. Mennen
Williams made recommendations
to President John F. Kennedy yes-
terday on improving American aid
to Africa.
He -told newsmen afterward he
favored more emphasis on pro-
grams from which quick benefits"
could be realized.
Medical care and supplies axe
examples of this quick-impact as-
. istance, he said. Present aid "did-
'n't seem adequate at all."
The former governor reported
to Kennedy on his 16-nation, 24,-
00,0 mile tour of Africa. At a news
conference, later he said it. would)
be up to the President to disclose
his recommendations.
He found "the utmost good will
every place" toward the United
States and much interest in the
Kennedy administration's plans
for a peace corps to provide ad-
ditional assistance.
But he said racial discrimination
in the United States and lingering
problems from past American posi-
tions on African matters com-
plicated improvement of Afro-
American relations.
Williams made no estimate of

Kennedy Asks Hike
In Various Budgets

how much aid to African countries There sere indications of increas-
should be increased. ed activity in Czechoslovakia and
In a number of places; he said, Poland and reports Communist
he noticed new missions were be- China. was about to move into
ing set up by Communist nations. some places.
Swainson Outlines Proposal
[, Submits Tax .Bill Ito House

LANSING (A) - Details of Gov.
Swainson's income tax proposal
were spelled out yesterday in a
26-page bill filed with the House.
The measure provides that a
copy of the federal income tax
return can be used for state in-
come tax returns in most instan-
Penalties for filing a false or
fraudulent return are set at a
maximum of one year in the
county jail or a $1,000 fine, or
both. In addition, taxpayers are,
subject to prosecution under the
perjury laws.
Under the proposed law, these
provisions would go into effect
July 1, 1961:

-Taxpayers would pay a flat
three per cent on adjusted gross
-The tax would be levied on
every resident and every non-
resident "who derives income from
sources within this state and every
corporation, other than a finan-
cial institution, receiving, earning
or otherwise acquiring income in
this state."
-Financial institutions would
pay a five per cent income tax,
but the present tax on intangibles
would be dropped.
-Employers would be required
to withhold three per cent from
pay checks if they do so under the
federal income tax law.

By The Associated Press
Court yesterday agreed to hear the
appeals of 17 Negro students con-
victed in 'connection with the
Baton Rouge sit-ins.
Arguments will not be heard un-
til next fall.
The Court also rejected all ef-
forts of the state of Louisiana to,
block public school desegregation.
The students were convicted and
given four-month sentences under
a Louisiana law which prohibits.
the commission of "any act in such
a manner as to unreasonably dis-
turb or alarm the public."
Deliberate Intrusions
Attorney Genleral Jack P. F.
Gremillion of Louisiana, in oppos-
ing a Supreme Court' review, said
the students "deliberately .. . pro-.
ceeded to intrude on the private
property of other citizens to en-
gage in unwanted demonstrations.
To uphold their right to do so is
to trample the rights of .all other
In December commenting that
all Louisiana devices to delay seg-
regation were legally useless, the
Court refused to stave off the ef-
fectiveness of lower court anti-seg-'
regation rulings against the Loui-
siana legislature last year.
Directed to Comply
It also, directed the board to
comply with an order last May
by United States District Judge J.
Skelly Wright to integrate the
first grade last fall, and struck
down a dozen Louisiana laws as
In addition to upholding the
two orders of the three-judge
court, the Supreme Court turned
down a request by the New Or-
leans school system that it be al-
lowed to operate on a segregated
basis until the legal controversy
between the federal and state gov-
ernments was finally settled.
In still another action yesterday
involving race, the court agreed
to review a decision by the Vir-
ginia Supreme Court that the Na-
tional Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People un-
lawfully solicited legal business for
its attorneys in Virginia.
Greeting Cards
Fountain Pens
Office Supplies

WASHINGTON (P) - President
John F. Kennedy asked Congress
yesterday to increase next year'sk
Agriculture Department budget by
$442.5 million.
He also asked for a $41 million
boost in the Interior Department
budget, and $11 million increaseE
in the budget of the United States
Information Agency, and a re-
shuffling of items in the State
Department budget.
His requests were part of a
series of amendments he is pro-
posing to former President Dwightl
D. Eisenhower's budget for the
1962 fiscal year.
These amendments affect par-{
ticular departments. His general}
budget revisions are expected to
reach Congress within the next1
few days.
White House sources said the
increase in the agriculture budget
would be used mainly to strength-
en programs in research, water-
shed, forestry, and conservation,
and ti bolster the loan programs
of the rural electrification ad-
ministration and the farmers home
In addition, some funds would
repay the Commodity Credit Cor-
poration for costs and losses.
The reshuffling of State De-
partment items resulted in a de-
Kasavubu Hitsf
UN 'Failures'
In Congo Acts
Joseph Kasavubu yesterday called
the United Nations military opera-
tion in the Congo a failure and1
hinted it is time for the inter-1
national force to leave.*-
"Since the United Nations came
conditions have grown worse,"
Kasavubu said in an interview.
"It was called to bring peace; it
in fact brought disorder.
"We must ask the United Na-
tions and its arms to. get out and
let us solve our problems in our
own way-we must say to them
'You have been our guests, now
it is time for you to leave.'"
As Kasavubu outlined his com-
plaints UN troops joined with
Congolese soldiers under the nom-
inal control of the rebel govern-
ment of Antoine Gizenga in a
drive against witchcraft gangs int
rebel-held Kivu province, now
terrorized into a state of anarchy.,
This was the first such military
cooperation between the United
Nations and Gizenga's leftist Stan-
leyville regime.<
World News
By The Associated Press
foreign minister Andrei Gromuy-
ko's address before the United
Nations General Assembly was
postponed until today, due to an
unexpected recess. Cuban delegate
Manual Bisbee died of a heart
attack, prompting the postpone-
PARIS -Rioting broke ou i
PAI itn.oeotAlgeria yesterday as a new local
French governor was installed at
Mostaganem on the eve of pro-
jected peace talks.
LISBON - Portugal yesterday
alerted all security forces in An-
gola and rushed reinforcements to
jungle areas where tribal terrorists
last week staged anti-white up-
GENEVA - British and Soviet

negotiators arrived yesterday
guardedly optimistic that progress
may be made toward a nuclear
test ban treaty when disarmament
talks resume today.

crease in the department's budget
by $130,000.
The President asked for in-
creases of $1.3 million for African
programs, policy planning, the
United States delegation to the
United Nations, and diplomatic
and consular service emergencies.
This was more than offset by
proposed decreases of $1,435,000
for contributions to the UN and
other international bodies.
The largest item in the pro-
posed agriculture department in-
creases is a net boost of $22 mil-
lion forthetCommodity Credit
Corporation to "continue the f i-
nancing of the corporation's pro-
grams on a more nearly current
Laos Ask S
By The Associated Press
BANGKOK - The' Laos royal
government has proposed, a na-
tional federation of states, and
Southeast Asia Treaty Organiza-
tion Secretary-General Pote Sara-
sin has condemned the SovietUn-
ion and Communist China for in-
terfering in Laotian internal af-
Sarasin said that the Commu-
nist countries were "exerting
strong pressures in their attempt
to create trouble and extend their
influence in independent, and es-
pecially recently independent,
Reports filtering out from iso-
lated Vientiane confirmed that
Information Minister Bouavan
Norasing had announced the plan
for a national union, whereby the
communist forces of the Pathe
Lao would be allowed to carve out
their own states and, be epre-
sented in a national parliament.
Cheers, Riots
Greet Return
of Yerwoerd
wildly cheering welcome exploded
into fist fights between whites
and Negroes yesterday as Prime
Minister Hendrik Verwoerd re-
turned from the British Common-
wealth conference in London.
Mobs of young, supporters of
Verwoerd's white supremacy poli-
cies chased and beat up Negro
demonstrators who tried to dis-
tribute leaflets attacking the
prime minister for taking South
Africa out of the Commonwealth.
The South African Press As-
sociation said the swirling thou-
sands engaged in a full scale riot
-though it by no means matched
some of the bloody riots of South
Africa's recent past.
Police stood by while the battle
of fists raged in front of Johan-
nesburg city hall. The leaflet dis-
tributors fled' to nearby streets.
Others were caught and beaten
when someone shouted "let's clean
up those--------"
At the airport, Verwoerd told a
big welcoming crowd he with-
drew South Africa's application
for membership in the Common-
wealth as a republic to save Great
Britain embarrassment.

Challenge Spokesman
International Week Chairman
Associate City Editor Michigan Daily
Political Issues Club
Kappa Kappa Gamma Sorority
Member Human Relations Board
Chairman Michigan Region NSA


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