oerner, Braden Aim
By ANDREW ORLIN
"American teachers are uneducated!"
So says James Koerner, president of the Council for Basic Edu-
tion, in "The Miseducation of American Teachers," a recently
leased report sponsored by the Relm Foundation of Ann Arbor.
Thomas W. Braden, president of California's state board of
ucation, full-heartedly agrees with Koerner and is now trying to
something about it. He is attempting to revise the teacher re-
irements in California and end the reign of what he calls the
In setting up his plan, Braden has his goals clearly defined.
What we want is teachers who are educated in the whole sense,
ople with the initial experience of thorough knowledge of some
Ids. Most education majors are not really educated. They have
ver really delved into a subject as far as they could:"
Koerner, a former professor of humanities at Massachusetts
stitute of Technology, centers his blast on "rural-type" teachers'
lleges (as opposed to education schools in universities or "multi-
irpose" institutions), mediocre teachers-to-be and the time
asted by "method teaching" courses.
Dean Willard C. Olson of the education school termed Koern-
er's study and Braden's attempts "interesting illustrations of the
partialist approach to educational problems.
Not Simple Matter
"The matter is not as simple as Braden's program would seem
to indicate. The problem swings back and forth like a pendulum.
In California "great stress will now be put on material over meth-
od," Dean Olson added.
He dismissed Koerner's report as an "over generalization."
"What he attacks is no doubt true in some remote teachers' col-
leges but I don't think that Koerner's thesis would hold true in
Both Koerner and Braden tend to stress the importance of
academically educated teachers over teachers of education. On this
premise, Braden favors what is known as the "Einstein Clause."
This means that experts in arts and -sciences will be allowed and
encouraged to teach in California even though they have had no
background in teaching or teaching methods.
Assistant Dean Charles F. Lehmann of the education school
opposes this concept. "If Einstein was teaching a sixth grade mathe-
matics course, I have serious doubts of whether he would be cap-
able. In addition to knowing what he is teaching, an instructor
should know how to teach it.
"Poor teaching by an expert or anyone else can be found any-
where-there's a lot of it in universities-but whereas college stu-
dents can generally withstand it, poor teaching can have very harm-
ful effects on teenage and younger school children," he said.
Switching to Koerner's report, Dean Lehmann noted, "in view
of his position with the CBE, the report is remarkably objective."
The CBE has long been noted for its criticisms of American educa-
tion. "On a number of occasions it has criticized our system un-
deservedly while neglecting trouble spots in other areas."
Two of Koerner's sharpest rebukes were directed against
"teaching method" courses and the academic calibre of future
As for "method teaching," Koerner noted that these courses'
instructors could learn something from their own subject matter:
many of the professors didn't know how to teach. In noting the
academic calibre of education students, the report claimed a large
number were in the bottom half of their classes.
Viewing this aspect of the study, Prof. Merritt M. Chambers
of the education school noted that Koerner was "shooting at 'cook
book courses.' The report is directed mainly at institutions whose
sole aim is to train teachers. However, these schools have been
becoming multi-purpose institutions, adding other courses besides
those labeled 'education' and have been improving rapidly in recent
Dean Lehmann holds the same opinion. "While we don't as of
yet have the complete recipe, we are much further advanced than
Koerner realizes. He has taken extreme examples while ignoring
the high quality of education found in most schools."
As for education students being found in the lower half of
their classes, Dean Lehmann views this as a mere generalization
unsubstantiated by fact.
"Juniors who enter the education school 'at the University
have higher grade points than do their pre-medical counterparts,"
Dean Lehmann observed.
Sees Much Value
However, Dean Lehmann sees much value in a number of
points covered in the report. "I see where education° courses could
be dull. But poor teaching in any field is inexcusable."
One of the additional problems found in this particular area
is relating theory with application. "One of the things we do at the
University is have the students observe quite early in their study of
teaching methods. Then we explain the theory behind methods and
show how it applies."
Dean Lehmann looks for internal improvements in education.
For example, "the educational inter-reaction between teacher and
student can be greatly improved," he noted.
A GIANT PHONY
See Editorial Page
Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
L. LXXIII, No. 173
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 19, 1963
Staebler Prefers Rockefeller
By ROBERT SELWA
Congressman-at-large Neil Staebler (D-Mich) discussed legisla-
tiye issues last night and declared that New York Gov. Nelson Rock-
efeller would be better than Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater as
the opposition candidate to President John F. Kennedy in 1964.
Staebler, Michigan's Democratic national committeeman, said
MOSCOW-The Soviet Union announced yesterday a sweeping
reorganization of its Academy of Sciences to meet the research needs
of this age of electronics, nuclear physics and space exploration.
The revamping, ordered by the. Communist Party's central
committee and the Soviet government is designed to centralize
research in the national academy and, at the same time, reflect a
To Stop Army
Wallace Files Lawsuit
Ordered into Alabama
Goldwater would be easier than
Albion College will embark on
ten year, $20 million dollar de
velopment program President
Louis W. Norris said recently.
Under the program Albion, a
private college, will increase it
enrollment from its present 1400
to 2000. "The college already has
$2 million in gifts earmarked for
this program," Norris says.
Plans call for a $12 million out-
lay for new buildings, including a
$600,000 visual arts building, which
is to be part of a $1.5 million fin
arts center. Higher faculty sal
aries and a stable student-profes.
sor ratio are also designated in
the development project.
Norris related Albion's intention
to increase its scholarship fund
from $216,000 to $620,000 a year
Expected to be completed before
the fall semester are new athletic
facilities, the remodeling of Stock-
well Memorial Library and Robin-
The president said that $2.7 mil-
lion in gifts would be needed in
the next decade to- increase the
operating budgpt. Another $2 mil-
lion in endowment funds would be
necessary to provide continuing
Norris told the audience of 400
at the "Discourse on a Decade'
that the Methodist college plans
to raise its average compensation
of faculty members to an annual
$17,500, including fringe benefits.
Rockefeller for Kennedy to defeat.
-$"But Rockefeller would be a far
better influence on the Republican
party. Rockefeller would make lib-
eralism more palatable to many
old-timers, pulling some of them
into this modern age," Staebler
a "After all," he noted, "politics is
an educational process. Rockefeller
t would do more for the country as
a defeated candidate than would
s Staebler added that he does not
Q foresee either Rockefeller or Gold-
s water beating Kennedy. He had
r no comment to make about Gov.
George Romney, another possible
- Republican nominee.
a Staebler outlined what he called
n the four major objectives of the
e Kennedy Administration:
- 1) Economic expansion. Ken-
- nedy's proposal for tax reduction
n with a deliberate budget deficit is
an important milestone in the
development of economic thinking
j in the electorate, Staebler said.
e 2) Civil Rights. The Kennedy
c Administration's strategy is to
minimize legislative fights and to
maximize the use of administra-
tive weapons such as lawsuits.
3) Peace and national security.
Staebler said that there is 'a
"pretty good disposition" in the
Kennedy administration toward
disarmament but no disposition to
fall below a minimum number of
4) Social goals. The Kennedy
Administration's efforts for hos-
pital insurance for the aged and
aid to education, while being
I pushed forward, are handicapped
by the delicacies of Congress.
.. . legislative issues
The Kresge Hearing Research
Institute will be formally dedicated
at 2 p.m. today.
University President Harlan
Hatcher, Dean William N. Hub-
bard, Jr. of the Medical School
and Stanley S. Kresge, president
of the Kresge Foundation of De-
troit, will speak during the in-
Sebastian S. Kresge, founder
and chairman of the board of the
S. S. Kresge Company which do-
nated a large portion of the money
for the building, will be the honor-
A public open house will be held
from 4-6 p.m., following the dedi-
By ROBERT GRODY
An appeal was sent recently
to all alumni of University High
School asking for co-operation in
the drive to save the school.
The appeal was written by Mrs.
Barbara McCready Dieterich, an-
alumna and treasurer of the ele-
mentary school Parent Teacher
The letter explains the position,
of the members of the Ann Arbor
community who "feel that a small
school is the best medium for a
high school education," according
to Mrs. Dieterich.
Mrs. Dieterich makes three sug-
gestions for action in the letter:
1) Convince the Regents to re-
verse the education school's re-
cent decision to close U-High
with the. promise that the alumni
will "fight with the Legislature
for more money;",
2) "Convince the Board of Edu-
cation in Ann Arbor of the ad-
vantages of several smaller high
3) Have the University use its
research facilities to solve the
problem by studying the effect of
the size group on the teen-ager.
The letter also asks alumni to
write letters to legislators and of-
ficials involved, such as the Re-
gents, President Harlan Hatcher,7
Senator Stanley Thayer, Repre-
sentative Gilbert Bursley and the
Ann Arbor Board of Education.
,growing tendency toward special-
ized differentiation in the sci-
Under the new plan, the acade-
my will assume authority over 14
local academies formed in the re-
publics since World War II.
The plan also calls for reorga-
nization of the national academy
into a large number of specialized
departments instead of the eight
broad departments that have di-
rected work in such fields as
chemistry and biology.
The new structure is intended
not only to reflect a growing spe-
cialization but also to improve re-
search involving different fields
of science by combining the work
of several related departments on
a major problem.
SMstislav Keldysh, the academy's
president, said that under the
existing system therehad not been
effective coordination of research
within the particular research
fields or economical use of the vast
funds appropriated each year for
The local academies were ac-
cused of seeking to develop a
whole range of scientific research
within their own area, virtually
duplicating the work of the na-
A similar charge has been lev-
eled against the republics on the
economics field where they have
tried to develop a whole range of
industries regardless of cost or
availability of materials.
Keldysh said that henceforth
the work of the republic acade-
mies would be limited to the fields
in which they have an interest.
Copyright, 1963, The New York Times
DIAMONDMEN SPLIT DOUBLEHEADER:
'M' Places Second in Tennis, Third in Track, Fourt
CONSULTATION-President John F. Kennedy and Alabama
Gov. George Wallace (right) arrived in Muscle Shoals, Ala.
Officers Mass. in. South;"
Race Problems Continuel
BIRMINGHAM -Nearly 1,300 law enforcement officers, includ-
ing deputized National Guardsmen, massed yesterday in the Birm-
ingham area to wait out a crucial weekend after Gov. George Wallace
of Alabama discussed racial issues with President John F. Kennedy.
Racial troubles flared in many areas of the nation. About 200
anti-segregation demonstrators were arrested in Greensboro, N. C.
They joined 412 jailed Friday. Birmingham was under a tight security
" net as police officials hoped to pre-
vent a% recurrence of last week-
end's bombings and*riotings.
e fMost of the. huge force of offi-
hcers was held on standby. Several
/Lh if G O If hundred state; troopers, special
deputies, city and county police-
men were on patrol duty.
Still on standby at two Alabama
bases were about 3,000 federal
troops ordered into the state by
Kennedy for possible use in riot
Themeeting between Wallace
and Kenn-dy came amid these de-
-Seventeen Negro college stu-
dents, arrested at a barber shop
"sit-in" at Xenia, Ohio, decided to
stay in jail. Two others posted
-A federal judge ordered de-
segregation next fall of the first
and second grades of New Orleans
By The Associated Press
George Wallace asked the Supreme
Court yesterday to prevent Presi-
dent JTohn F. Kenneity from using
federal troops to preserve order
. The United States and Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
were named as defendants. The
governor asked the Court to de-
clare unconstitutional both the
federal statute under which Ken-
nedy acted in sending troops and
the 14th Amendment to the Con-
The justice department issued a
statement saying in part "We be-
lieve that the action filed by Wal-
lace is utterly lacking in merit."
Kenneay flew into the South to
speak in various places. He and
Wallace flew from Muscle Shoals,
Tenn. to Huntsville, Ala. The con-
versation between the two men
was not released.
In Nashville, Kennedy summon-
ed all Americans to uphold the
law of the nation while declaring
that the determination to secure
full rights for all citizens "is in
the highest tradition of American
While noting a "continuing de-
bate" about civil rights, Kennedy
said he would speak "not of your
rights as Americans but of your
responsibility." And, in this con-
nection, he emphasized respect for
The President talked about the
Tennessee Valley Authority at
Muscle Shoals and about space
and demanding world freedom at
Huntsville. He did not speakon
civil rights in Alabama..
37 Points in Meet
By DAVE GOOD
Acting Sports Editor
Special To The Daily
MINNEAPOLIS - Coach Don
Canham went looking for miracles
yesterday and found two, though
neither helped enough to present
Michigan with a third consecutive
Big Ten outdoor track champion-
Michigan picked up 37 points to
finish third behind Iowa (48) and
Wisconsin (46). Michigan State
was fourth with 31 and Illinois
fifth: with 29.
The Wolverines finished as high
as they did only because Roger
Schmitt and Cliff Nuttall came
through with life time best that
made them the two most unlikely
winners in the meet.
Schmitt, the 195-lb. football full-
back from Buffalo, got an un-
believable put of 56' 6 " to edge
teammate George Puce by 61/2"
By CHARLIE TOWLE
Michigan, accustomed to nothing but firsts in recent Big Ten
weekend meets, incurred a string of almost-but-not-quites yesterday
to severely deflate Wolverine morale.
The tennis, track and golf squads wound up second, third and
fourth, respectively, in their championship tournaments in the rather
To add to Michigan's grief the on-again-off-again hopes of the
baseball team did just that at Ohio State as the diamondmen won
the first game of a doubleheader, 5-4, but then had a no-hitter
thrown at them in the nightcap by Joe Sparma, the Buckeyes' num-
ber two quarterback during the autumn, while his OSU teammates
got to Wolverine pitching for six hits, four runs and a 4-0 score.
Wildcats Go Wild
In tennis it was almost a foregone conclusion that the North-
western Wildcats would win after their 7-2 drubbing of the only team
which could give them trouble, Michigan, last Saturday.
True to form, the Wildcats wound up with 73 points-29 ahead
of Michigan. Indiana and Michigan State, who had beaten Michigan,
5-4 earlier in the year, wound up in third and fourth, respectively.
In outdoor track, which Michigan has dominated for the last
three years, the Iowa Hawkeyes shook off their nearest competitors,
Wisconsin, in the last event, with a record setting mile relay time.
See related stories, sports pages
Michigan, which suffered a disastrous day Friday, came back yes-
terday with two conference crowns and a second to manage a face-j
saving third place over instate rivals Michigan State.
-Integrationegroups set a huge
rally in Englewood, N.J., in a cam-
paign to end racial imbalance in
-White businessmen in Cam-
bridge, Md., accepted integration
demands in a meeting with Negro
leaders who pledged to halt indefi-
nitely a seven-week series of dem-
onstrations.. A key point which
businessmen agreed to push was
-A three-judge federal panel
struck down Tnisiana's law sane-