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"Where Opinions Are Free
Truth WiUl Prevail"
1' ' r4
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
IDAY, MAY 10, 1963 NIGHT EDITOR: GERALD STORCH
" "4 1
ONCE MORE the Gilbert and Sullivan Society
is on the brink of a financial and aesthetic
crisis that may signal the death of G&S
operettas on this campus.
Observors at the Student Government Coun-
cil meeting last Wednesday night heard the
first echoes of the death knell for the student
musical group. At that time, Council voted to
calendar the fall 1963 G&S production for the
weekend of Nov. 21-23, two weeks later than
the group had requested. The date not only
conflicts with the fall concert of the Men's
Glee Club but also occurs at a time when the
show's director will be attending a symposium
Council's action was an ostrich-head-in-the-
sand solution to a complex calendaring prob-
lem. Its refusal to recognize a fundamental
principle of the theatre-that a show must
have a director-may seriously impair the
quality of next term's G&S production. Coun-
cil's refusal to recognize just how serious the
present financial status of G&S is, and to
calendar it accordingly, may well mean the
beginning of the end for G&S.
G&S WILL ENDEAVOR to put on another
show next term. It can be done, with care-
ful planning. The project will be, at best,
difficult. Thus far, the Society has been able
to produce aesthetically superior shows with
little or no money in its treasury. But it can
only operate on a financial deficit for so long.
It is doubtful that the Society could withstand
another major financial crisis.
Just such a crisis may occur next term, if
G&S attempts to compete with the fall con-
cert of the Glee Club, as scheduled by SGC.
The Glee Club is serious competition which has
little difficulty in selling out all of Hill Aud.
It will, in all probability, draw large numbers
of students and members of the community
who might otherwise attend the G&S show.
Financially, G&S cannot afford this kind of
Aesthetically, it cannot stand the demoraliz-
ing effect that a poorly-attended production
will have on members and prospective members
of its cast.
SGC COULD HAVE easily avoided all these
dire consequences for G&S by scheduling
its fall production for the weekend the Society
originally requested. As it was, Council awarded
the G&S-preferenced date to MUSKET, the
Michigan Union-sponsored-and subsidized-
SGC awarded the date to MUSKET on the
grounds that there would, in all likelihood, be
no MUSKET were it given the Nov. 21-23 date.
There could be no MUSKET on the latter date,
according to Union President Ray Rusnak, '64,
because the Michigan Union Board of Directors
would refuse to grant funds for an event which
would conflict with the Glee Club Concert.
The rationale behind this sounds the note
of the absurd.
MUSKET, which undisputedly enjoys greater
popularity with the student body, would prob-
ably suffer little financial set-back in com-
petition with the Glee Club. Whatever finan-
cial deficit it did incur could be' easily written
off by the Union. Surely, the Union Board
would not even have to worry itself with the
thought of taking a loss on the MUSKET show.
There is ample room for two major productions
in one weekend.
QGC's ACTION in calendaring G&S at an
inauspicious time is not to be completely
condemned. MUSKET did have a certain
mount of priority in that it was the first
group to request the theatre for the dates
However, G&S was first to request calendar-
ing by SGC. The rule is that groups submitting
requests to Council firstare given priority over
later ones. Thus, even in interpreting the letter
of the law, Council was not entirely accurate.
It is unfortunate that Council did not look at
its own rule book more closely, and failed to
view G&S's supplications more realistically and
with a certain unstained quality of mercy.
MAY FESTIVAL OPENER:
Biggs, Ormandy Shine
In Varied Program
THE 1963 MAY FESTIVAL got off to 'a most auspicious start last
night as Eugene Ormandy led the Philadelphia Orchestra in a
program which ran the gamut from the Baroque to the 20th century.
The opening work, the suite which Sir Hamilton Harty arranged
from Georg Friedrich Handel's "Music for the Royal Fireworks," has
long been a favorite of concert-goers, although Handel's original
scoring (including 12 side drums) is even more imposing than Harty's.
The performance of Harty's arrangement left little to be desired,
with a special word of praise due the woodwind players who did the
Bourree so flawlessly.
THE PHILADELPHIANS next turned their efforts to excerpts from
Alban Berg's opera "Lulu," based on the charming old tale of Jack
the Ripper. There was much to the work: plenty of percussion, weird
harmonies and once in a very long while a bit of melody. How the
latter got in I cannot say, but I will have to admit that despite many
interesting passages, the suite left me cold for the most part.
Not so the "Concerto in G minor for Organ, Strings and Timpani"
by Francois Poulenc, composed only a few years after Berg's "Lulu."
Yet the melody which was so conspicuous by its absence in the latter
work was present in abundance in the concerto, balancing out the
more dissonant parts. Guest organist E. Power Biggs handled its
difficult passages with aplomb and agility, and Ormandy was with
him every step of the way.
If there is one work which is guaranteed to turn any placid
audience into a mass of seething tension and call forth from them
torrents of applause, it is the Organ Symphony of Camille Saint-Saens.
Although generally referred to as Saint-Saens' third symphony, it is
in fact his third published symphony. He wrote two others which were
eventually discarded. Biggs and Ormandy played this essentially
bravura work to the hilt; the finale in particular, with its blaring
brass and emphatic organ chords, was given a taut, brilliant perform-
ance which left the hearer limp.
Rocky Leads the Pack
I Nomination Race
SLIMA PK ING S
BOND, MILLAGE REJECTION:
Schools NAeed Added Funds
Geald Storch, Acting City Editor
_ __ cam. " L
SOMETIMES the most important things that
have to be said are the most difficult to
When students try to explain just why they
are disappointed with their education at the
University, they find it very hard to advance
concrete reasons which can be readily under-
stood by administrators and faculty members.
If specific objections are raised, such com-
plaints usually, can be countered with other
facts or a contention that a few isolated
grievances hardly justify a blanket indictment
of the institution.
So the critics sulk, convinced that they are
still right and that no one is perceptive or
sympathetic enough to listen to them. Ad-
ministrators, in turn, then tend to believe that.
there is nothing basically wrong with the edu-
cational climate of the University.
Yet the dissatisfaction remains-driven un-
derground or covered up, perhaps, but it is
still there. Despite being swatted down on
specifics and despite the outward signs of vigor
and achievement on the campus, the dissatis-
faction remains. It is a feeling, rather than
a thesis-deep-rooted suspicion, rather than
ordered and explainable fact.
IT IS ABOUT TIME that the University
really tried to understand why some stu-
dents feel that it is not doing the best job
it could. I think the problem can best be
attacked by taking a look at the campus and
asking some questions.
Why do University students actually wish
to be relieved of some of the freedoms and
responsibilities which have been extended?
Why don't students particularly care about
which major theyshave picked, or which courses
they are taking. In fact, why do many of the
most brilliant and most conscientious students
make a habit of cutting classes and cramming
just enough to do B or C work?
Can all of us really be content with our
education? Can we really say that the academic
experience is one to which we look forward
and enjoy, instead of being something that
must be routinely passed through and en-
DON'T THINK SO at all. There are too
iany students who couldn't care less about
their classes. They leave the University with
a mere sheepskin and no values supporting it.
Ideals of education are held shallowly, and
given lip service but little real commitment.
Much of this is the students' own fault. The
freshman who asks his instructor in class
whether Tibet is north or south of Manchuria,
STEPS TOWARD improving the situation lie,
I think, not in any specific policy altera-
tions but in changing a pervasive-campus mood
that does not recognize this vague but latent
dissatisfaction as a problem.
In terms of influencing students, professors
probably have the most potential. Superior
intellectually and competent enough socially,
they are the best able to direct academic
capabilities and inspire a concern for, the
University and ideals of education.
Too often, however, the professor himself
is an unstimulating, routine conductor of the
classroom, doing ,his job, keeping a bare mini-
mum of office hours and not trying particularly
hard to do anything extra.
If professors continually strived to be them-
selves rather than play a role, if subject matter
were delivered with warmth, feeling and sen-
sitivity, then we might be getting somewhere.
Students must be imbued with the sense that
education and their life at the University are
in and of themselves something precious, some-
thing worthwhile to take part in regardless of
the post-graduation economic and social ben-
efits to be deri ved.
IT WOULD BE unforgivably irresponsible to
distort the present situation, and I do not
intend to do that. The University has many
great qualities: a top-notch, highly-respected
faculty, a crew of excellent educational ad-
ministrators and a student body which cer-
tainly ranks in the top 10 in the country. I
also have no idea how widespread the discon-
tent is, though I'm sure it is felt among more
than just a few students.
But the University has a regrettable tendency
to use its great attributes as a crutch to cover
up or explain away its faults. What's wrong
with you, it asks the questioning student; how
can you complain when -such a wonderful
faculty and blue-chip group of student peers
are on hand?
The answer, of course, goes back to the in-
tangibles, to the nagging notion that some-
thing is lacking in our education, that no mat-
ter how often we are informed of the great-
ness of the University that something is 'wrong
with it and not us. You can't convince some-
one to like beer, and there are limits to per-
suading students that yes they really are
getting the best education possible when they
sincerely believe otherwise.
THOSE MEMBERS of the University com-
munity who are in a position to wield real
authority ought to begin to understand the'
essentials of a lot of students' disappointment.
It is not something which is turned on and
.r _ _. __ _ _ J ._.. . ...17. . . 7; . ...vv.. . r. .
By ROBERT SELWA
AS A RESULT of Tuesday's
school millage vote, Ann Arbor
schools face a future that could
become increasingly grim.
The voters turned out in record
numbers to reject the millage pro-
posal by a margin of 2300 votes
and a $6 million bond issue by a
fair-sized margin of 900 votes.
The millage proposal would have
reinstated the two and one-half
mills that expired in December
and would have added five more
mills of taxation. The seven and
one-half mills would have been in
force for ten years.
The refusal means a gradual
future cutback in the schools. Rev-
enues are to stay; at the same lev-
el while student 'enrollment rises.
And , since the cost of living is
gradually rising, the same level of
revenue will be able to finance
less and less facilities for more
and more students.
SPECIFICALLY, new instruc-
tors will not be hired to teach
the additional students who en-
roll. The ratio of students to
present teachers will increase, and
this will mean less individual help
to students. Special instructional
areas, such as art, music and phys-
ical education, may be reduced.
Remedial programs in reading as
well as programs for the retarded
and the handicapped will be put
increasingly in jeopardy.
The schools have a projected in-
come of $6.8 million for next year
to carry out a program budgeted
at $8.8 million. If the books are
to balance, there will have to be a
cutback of almost 25 per cent at at
time when enrollment will increase
by an estimated 900 pupils. That's
how bad the immediate picture is.
Approval of the seven and one-
half millage proposal, on the other
hand, would have meant that these
programs would continue, that
more teachers could be hired, and
that better teachers could be at-
tracted to Ann Arbor since most
of the five mill increase would
have gone into raising teacher
APPROVAL would have meant
continuing a good school system
in an age and a country that re-
quires the best of schools; rejec-
tion of the millage means rejection
of the needs of modern society.
Why, then, the rejection?
Perhaps it was partly the con-
fusion. The Board of Education
asked for a five mill increase but
said it would need only four mills
the first year. The Board at first
included the expense of free text-
books in the proposal but after op-
position arose reversed itself, de-
claring that this expense shall not
be included-at least not until a
referendum which will decide that
issue in June.
Does this sound a little confus-
ing? Apparently it was for a lot of
voters, and voters, when they are
puzzled and distrustful, tend to
stick with the status quo or what
they think is the status quo.
Perhaps the rejection-the vote
was 5,476 to 7,737 on the millage
(5,514 to 6,384 on the bonds)-
was partly due to the fact +t
taxpayers by an ad hoc group
that called itself the Citizens Com-
mittee for Better Education. This
group used telephone appeals,
mailings, spot radio announce-
ments and fliers to get across its
points. And it inserted boldly dis-
!played ads in the Ann Arbor News
lwarning readers about the possi-
bility of free textbooks. "Ann Ar-
bor School Taxes Up 58 Per Cent,"
another Committee ad declared.
"Vote No on Proposal No. 2."
The sensationalism and drive of
the Committee seems to have in-
duced many persons to vote No on
proposal number two, the millage.
There was little difference, only
38 votes, between the Yes vote on
the millage and the Yes vote on
the bonds, but in the two No votes
there was a sharp difference. The
millage had 1,353 more than the
. * *
OF COURSE, only property
owners could vote on the bond is-
sue. Usually one would expect the
opposition to a millage to be
strongest among property owners.
If property ownership were the
only factor, then the statistics
would indicate that the reverse
were true, or at least that non-
property owners also strongly ob-
jected to the millage.
The Citizens Advisory Commit-
tee in supporting the two pro-
posals tried to combat the Better
Education Committee's propagan-
da. It attacked the anonymity of
the Better Education Committee,
which listed only one name in its
advertisements, Secretary Jean-
"Let's} look at the opposition,"
the Citizens Advisory Committee
said. "Well, no, we can't quite do
that because we don't know who
they are. We never heard of any-
thing called the Citizens Commit-
tee for Better Education until it
popped up in newspaper advertise-
ments, radio spots and a brochure
the other day. Where were they
when the school board was think-
ing about these things, making
these decisions .
The Citizens Advisory Commit-
tee stated its worry about apathy
-a groundless worry as it turned
out. The Committee also tried to'
point out that the question of the
future of University High School
and the free textbook suggestions
were not involved in this vote.
"There will be a special-and sep-
arate-vote on that issue (free
textbooks) in June. It simply isn't
part of tomorrow's package."
With one committee for better
education battling another com-
mittee that claimed to be for
better education, and with each
side presenting only its own
side, the reason for the increase
got frayed. When a debate gets
hot, neither side presents a fully
THE CLOSEST THING to this
ideal was a long editorial in Mon-
day's Ann Arbor News. The edi-
torial reviewed the host of facts,
the side issues, and the arguments
for and against the proposals. The
News admitted that it was not
"enthusiastic" about urging a Yes'
vote-"but we do urge it because
there is no reasonable alternative.
Ann Arbor's schools are outstand-
ing, and it is important that they
be maintained at present levels or
even improved.. ."
This voice of reason could hard-
ly be heard in the excitement of
the contest, could hardly be un-
derstood in the confusion about
unrelated issues, and could hardly
be strengthened by the alarm and
fears people have about rising tax-
es in general and about the city's
property assessment re-appraisal
in particular. City taxes will go up
one mill, with the new city budget.
The helplessness ofthe Ameri-
can faced with rising costs and
rising taxes in general causes him
to take what seems at the moment
to be an easy way out, to vote No.
* * *
YET SOME KIND of millage is
needed-if only a two and one-
half millage levy to maintain the
level of taxation of the past few
years. And the next millage pro-
posal should not be one to last ten
years, because this length of time
frightens some citizens who would
otherwise vote for a large increase
knowing that they would get a
chance to vote on it again in the
For the present, the Board of
Education should ask the voters
again for a millage-this time, of
only two and one-half mills, to last
only one or two years. There is
sufficient support in Ann Arbor for
a moderate millage, and a moder-
ate millage is better than none at
By EDWARD HERSTEIN
THE GRAND OLD PARTY will
have a grand old time selecting
its standard bearer in the sum-
mer of 1964. It will be faced with
the unenviable task of choosing
an opponent to President John F.
Kennedy in the next Presidential
Provided that no new face sud-
denly twinkles on the horizon, Re-
publicans will have six possibile
choices. They are, in rough order
of likelihood: Gov. Nelson Rocke-
feller of New York, Sen. Barry
Goldwater of Arizona, Gov. George
Romney of Michigan, Gov. William
Scranton of Pennsylvania, Sen.
Thurston Morton, of' Kentucky,
and former Vice-President Rich-
At present there is little doubt
that Rockefeller is the front run-
ner. He will command the largest
state delegation at the conven-
tion Along with Goldwater, Rocke-
feller is the most widely known
candidate. He and Goldwater will
be able to muster more support
from delgates outside their own
states than any other candidate.
Furthermore, the Republicans at
previous conventions have turned
away from the more conservative
candidates in their party, and
have chosen those presenting a
more moderate front. There is a
widespread feeling that "a con-
servative can't win" shared by
Republicans and Democrats alike.
Thus Rockefeller, who projects as
liberal an image, as Kennedy, has
a considerable advantage over
"Goldwater, the conservative image
* * *
GOLDWATER, however, com-
mands strong support in the South
and West. His backers claim that
he could carry the entire South
and over 200 electoral votes in
he 1964 presidential election. Then
too, there is a growing feeling
that "aconservative should be
given a chance" to run. Until a
short time ago, the Republicans
were virtually conceding the Pres-
idency to Kennedy for another
four years so that they had a
"why not?" attitude toward run-
However, since that time, Re-
publicans have become increasing-
ly confident that Kennedy can be
beaten. This increasing optimism
will work against Goldwater.
Rockefeller also has his liabili-
ties. He was hurt, at least in
Republican eyes, by his remarriage
to a divorcee, Irene Murphy. Many
of his top appointees in the New
York state government have re-
signed or been fired in a recent
scandal over the state's liquor
commission. He promised not to
raise taxes when he was re-
elected governor two years ago;
but he proposed a fee and license
rate hike which his Republican
legislature turned down.
OF COURSE, a year is a long
time, and by then the public and
particularly the Republican dele-
gates to the 1964 convention may
have forgotten these incidents. It
must be remembered that Rocke-
feller would have hardly made a
candidate for the Presidency at
all if he had not remarried. No
unmarried man has been elected
President in recent history. This
is not just a tradition or dogma
either, because a first lady is a
virtual necessity to carry out cer-
tain functions of state.
In the likelihood that neither
D. Eisenhower. He urges citizen
participation in government and
shuns party labels. He is not the
father image Eisenhower was, nor
is he; anywhere' near as well
known; but.herdoesproject the
role of a sincere, honest leader
(not politician) whose aims are
those of all good Americans.
His primary liability is that he
is unknown nationally. He also
has not had an opportunity to
demonstrate his ability as a gov-
ernmental executive. Furthermore
-and this will take on increasing
'importance as he moves into the
limelight-Romney is a Morman.
While he certainly does not prac-
tice all the tenets of his religion
-for exam~ple poligamy and racial,
bias-this factor will work against
him much as Kennedy's Catholi-
cism worked against him. As
Theodore H. White points out, it
hurt Kennedy quite a bit.
PENNSYLVANIA'S Gov. Scran-
ton is in a position virtually ana-
loguous to Romney's. He has the
advantage of being a Protestant,
but he is even less-known nation-
ally than Romney. He also seems
to lack a certain political app r2
which has made Romney a far
more talked about political figure
Thurston Morton is probably a
little more known to the public
nationally than either Scranton or
Romney. He is, however, a sena-
for and is much better known to
the party. He is mentioned as a
possible candidate because he lies
between Goldwater and Rocke-
feller on the political spectrum and
because of his, impressive victory
over a liberal Democrat in his
1962 senatorial campaign. Per-
haps his biggest drawback is that
his name lacks the political magic
of a Rockefeller, Goldwater or
even Romney, and this is a con
siderable drawback indeed.
Richard Nixon is in the running
for the nomination only as a des-
peration choice. He still 'maintains
some influence and a fair amount
of delegate support. However, af-
ter beings defeated by Kennedy in
1960 and then by Pat Brown in
the race for governor in California
in 1962, delegates don't have to be
terribly perceptive to estimate his
chances to beat Kennedy in 1964.
* * *
WHO THEN, will the Republi-
cans choose in 1964? An objective
analysis of each of the potential
nominees' chances seems to rule
all of them out, and this is im-
portant. Both parties in the past
have gone outside their ranks to
choose their candidates. Witness
Eisenhower in 1952. Without go-
ing off the deep end, one could
foresee Gen. Lucius D. Clay, for
example, as Kennedy's opponent
in the next Presidential election.
But the odds are still with
Rockefeller for 1964. If he can
avoid future embarrassments in
New York the nomination will
most likely be his. But should he
fumble the ball, it is more than
possible that it will be picked up,
not by another runner, nor by a
spectator at the sidelines, but by
someone entirely off the playing
STUDIES SERVE for delight, for
ornament, and for ability. Their
chief use for delight is in private-
AT THE CAMPUS:
Ungodly 'Electra' Fails
WHEN GOETHE was told to study the classics, he replied that
it is better to "turn your attention.to the real world, and try to
express it, for that is what the ancients did when they were alive."
Michael Cacoyannis, producer-director of "Electra," should take
this advice and stick to modern settings, at least until he is able to
translate the heroic stature of Euripides into cinematic, terms.; In
reading Euripides, we recognize Electra, Orestes, Clytemnestra and
Agamemnon as larger than life. In watching Cacoyannis, they merely
seem lamer than life.
Cacoyannis made the opposite mistake from that of American
and Italian producers who film biblical sexaramas. He avoided the
massed millions and crumbling palaces but he still had the problem
of creating their godly stature.